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News Release Information

21-2001-SAN
Wednesday, November 10, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Phoenix area — October 2021

Area prices were up 2.2 percent over the past two months, up 7.1 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Phoenix area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 2.2 percent for the two months ending in October 2021, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the October increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 7.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices rose 3.8 percent. Energy prices jumped 23.3 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 6.4 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Phoenix, February 2019-October 2021

Food

Food prices increased 2.1 percent for the two months ending in October. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home increased 2.1 percent, influenced by nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials (4.9 percent). Prices for food away from home increased 2.1 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 3.8 percent. Prices for food at home increased 5.3 percent since a year ago, influenced by higher prices for nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials (10.9 percent) and meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (10.4 percent). Prices for food away from home increased 2.3 percent for the year.

Energy

The energy index rose 3.7 percent for the two months ending in October. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (9.1 percent). Prices for natural gas service rose 1.6 percent, but prices for electricity decreased 2.6 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 23.3 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (46.7 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service jumped 31.3 percent, and prices for electricity rose 1.0 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.0 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for recreation (2.8 percent) and shelter (2.7 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for used cars and trucks (-1.5 percent) and education and communication (-0.1 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 6.4 percent. Components contributing to the increase included used cars and trucks (25.4 percent), shelter (8.6 percent), and recreation (6.4 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price decreases in alcoholic beverages (-4.8 percent) and education and communication (-0.1 percent).

Table A. Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2019 2020 2021
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

-0.3 2.1 0.6 4.4 1.0 1.0

April

1.4 2.3 -1.4 1.5 2.4 4.9

June

1.0 2.2 1.5 2.0 1.9 5.4

August

0.5 3.0 0.4 1.8 0.2 5.1

October

1.4 3.8 0.3 0.7 2.2 7.1

December

-0.6 3.4 -0.8 0.5

The December 2021 Consumer Price Index for the Phoenix area is scheduled to be released on January 12, 2022.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on October 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended almost entirely since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in October was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale metropolitan area covered in this release consists of Maricopa and Pinal Counties in the State of Arizona.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale (December 2001=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Aug.
2021
Sep.
2021
Oct.
2021
Oct.
2020
Aug.
2021
Sep.
2021

Expenditure category

All items

153.931 - 157.254 7.1 2.2 -

Food and beverages

157.330 - 160.419 3.2 2.0 -

Food

158.835 - 162.205 3.8 2.1 -

Food at home

155.553 157.006 158.864 5.3 2.1 1.2

Cereals and bakery products

195.859 - 193.179 3.3 -1.4 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

192.474 - 199.670 10.4 3.7 -

Dairy and related products

126.369 - 126.054 -0.4 -0.2 -

Fruits and vegetables

131.392 - 136.467 6.5 3.9 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

121.536 - 127.506 10.9 4.9 -

Other food at home

152.149 - 154.256 2.2 1.4 -

Food away from home

165.461 - 168.962 2.3 2.1 -

Alcoholic beverages

143.045 - 142.392 -4.8 -0.5 -

Housing

163.057 - 166.729 7.3 2.3 -

Shelter

171.444 173.539 176.121 8.6 2.7 1.5

Rent of primary residence

175.741 179.052 181.541 5.0 3.3 1.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences

169.972 172.880 175.387 9.2 3.2 1.5

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence

169.972 172.880 175.387 9.2 3.2 1.5

Fuels and utilities

182.945 - 180.083 3.4 -1.6 -

Household energy

187.370 182.043 183.333 3.4 -2.2 0.7

Energy services

187.019 181.678 182.855 3.3 -2.2 0.6

Electricity

199.268 192.838 194.055 1.0 -2.6 0.6

Utility (piped) gas service

123.889 124.816 125.822 31.3 1.6 0.8

Household furnishings and operations

100.784 - 103.346 2.4 2.5 -

Apparel

137.272 - 139.042 6.7 1.3 -

Transportation

140.580 - 145.025 17.2 3.2 -

Private transportation

145.799 - 150.348 19.2 3.1 -

New and used motor vehicles

- - - - - -

New vehicles

- - - - - -

Used cars and trucks

119.706 - 117.928 25.4 -1.5 -

Motor fuel

261.722 264.053 285.585 46.8 9.1 8.2

Gasoline (all types)

262.176 264.541 286.065 46.7 9.1 8.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(1)

262.589 265.056 287.675 48.4 9.6 8.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(1)

275.133 277.502 297.826 41.3 8.2 7.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(1)

263.807 265.815 283.623 39.4 7.5 6.7

Motor vehicle insurance

161.037 - 161.037 3.0 0.0 -

Medical care

200.276 - - - - -

Recreation

120.284 - 123.635 6.4 2.8 -

Education and communication

119.427 - 119.285 -0.1 -0.1 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care

- - - - - -

Other goods and services

151.798 - 157.102 - 3.5 -

Commodity and service group

All items

153.931 - 157.254 7.1 2.2 -

Commodities

132.112 - 135.509 8.5 2.6 -

Commodities less food & beverages

118.959 - 122.410 11.5 2.9 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

156.840 - 162.150 13.3 3.4 -

Durables

86.408 - 88.452 9.7 2.4 -

Services

168.995 - 172.234 6.3 1.9 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

151.252 - 154.705 7.8 2.3 -

All items less shelter

144.949 - 147.640 6.3 1.9 -

Commodities less food

119.948 - 123.297 10.9 2.8 -

Nondurables

157.383 - 161.574 8.0 2.7 -

Nondurables less food

155.722 - 160.637 12.0 3.2 -

Services less rent of shelter

165.607 - 167.110 3.5 0.9 -

Services less medical care services

165.969 - 169.284 7.0 2.0 -

Energy

223.992 221.948 232.221 23.3 3.7 4.6

All items less energy

150.005 - 153.070 6.0 2.0 -

All items less food and energy

148.552 - 151.570 6.4 2.0 -

Footnotes
(1) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, November 10, 2021