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News Release Information

22-870-SAN
Wednesday, May 11, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Phoenix area — April 2022

Area prices were up 2.5 percent over the past two months, up 11.0 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Phoenix area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 2.5 percent for the two months ending in April 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the April increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U jumped 11.0 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices advanced 8.6 percent. Energy prices jumped 32.6 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 9.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Phoenix, April 2019-April 2022
Food

Food prices rose 1.8 percent for the two months ending in April. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home advanced 1.7 percent, led by higher prices for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (4.2 percent). Prices for food away from home advanced 1.8 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 8.6 percent. Prices for food at home increased 9.3 percent since a year ago. The price increase for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (16.5 percent) was nearly double all other food categories. Prices for food away from home increased 7.6 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 12.9 percent for the two months ending in April. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (22.4 percent). Prices for natural gas service rose 3.1 percent, and prices for electricity increased 1.2 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 32.6 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (49.2 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service increased 16.2 percent, and prices for electricity increased 12.3 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.8 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for other goods and services (3.3 percent), household furnishings and operations (2.8 percent), and shelter (2.8 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for recreation (-2.8 percent), education and communication (-1.9 percent), and used cars and trucks (-1.7 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 9.7 percent. Components contributing to the increase included used cars and trucks (22.8 percent), shelter (14.8 percent), and household furnishings and operations (10.9 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decrease in education and communication (-2.2 percent).

Table A. Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2019 2020 2021 2022
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

-0.3 2.1 0.6 4.4 1.0 1.0 2.1 10.9

April

1.4 2.3 -1.4 1.5 2.4 4.9 2.5 11.0

June

1.0 2.2 1.5 2.0 1.9 5.4

August

0.5 3.0 0.4 1.8 0.2 5.1

October

1.4 3.8 0.3 0.7 2.2 7.1

December

-0.6 3.4 -0.8 0.5 1.7 9.7

The June 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Phoenix area is scheduled to be released on July 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale metropolitan area covered in this release consists of Maricopa and Pinal Counties in the State of Arizona.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale (December 2001=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022

Expenditure category

All items

163.261 - 167.396 11.0 2.5 -

Food and beverages

168.556 - 171.474 8.2 1.7 -

Food

170.825 - 173.850 8.6 1.8 -

Food at home

168.694 168.207 171.593 9.3 1.7 2.0

Cereals and bakery products

206.472 - 210.672 7.3 2.0 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

213.067 - 222.052 16.5 4.2 -

Dairy and related products

138.271 - 136.700 6.7 -1.1 -

Fruits and vegetables

145.426 - 146.875 9.7 1.0 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

131.963 - 132.155 5.3 0.1 -

Other food at home

162.878 - 165.709 8.3 1.7 -

Food away from home

176.006 - 179.241 7.6 1.8 -

Alcoholic beverages

144.266 - 145.832 1.5 1.1 -

Housing

173.843 - 178.921 14.1 2.9 -

Shelter

185.380 188.790 190.540 14.8 2.8 0.9

Rent of primary residence

192.184 196.099 199.057 12.7 3.6 1.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences

184.729 187.654 189.376 15.2 2.5 0.9

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence

184.729 187.654 189.376 15.2 2.5 0.9

Fuels and utilities

173.712 - 181.068 12.6 4.2 -

Household energy

173.860 176.180 176.573 13.0 1.6 0.2

Energy services

173.287 175.258 175.741 12.7 1.4 0.3

Electricity

182.301 184.170 184.441 12.3 1.2 0.1

Utility (piped) gas service

129.082 131.549 133.070 16.2 3.1 1.2

Household furnishings and operations

107.822 - 110.802 10.9 2.8 -

Apparel

146.524 - 145.252 5.2 -0.9 -

Transportation

151.331 - 159.487 17.4 5.4 -

Private transportation

156.504 - 163.184 16.6 4.3 -

New and used motor vehicles

- - 114.810 - - -

New vehicles

- - 109.762 - - -

Used cars and trucks

128.140 - 125.901 22.8 -1.7 -

Motor fuel

316.267 379.223 387.562 49.6 22.5 2.2

Gasoline (all types)

316.421 378.771 387.343 49.2 22.4 2.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(1)

318.889 383.483 392.086 50.8 23.0 2.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(1)

328.415 388.979 398.796 46.7 21.4 2.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(1)

311.245 365.536 374.053 43.1 20.2 2.3

Medical care

- - 207.784 - - -

Recreation

128.332 - 124.786 3.0 -2.8 -

Education and communication

119.807 - 117.571 -2.2 -1.9 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care

- - 217.111 - - -

Other goods and services

160.213 - 165.527 9.4 3.3 -

Commodity and service group

All items

163.261 - 167.396 11.0 2.5 -

Commodities

142.512 - 146.520 12.3 2.8 -

Commodities less food & beverages

128.799 - 133.167 14.6 3.4 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

172.206 - 185.105 18.4 7.5 -

Durables

92.117 - 92.065 11.6 -0.1 -

Services

177.438 - 181.632 10.2 2.4 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

161.032 - 165.239 11.8 2.6 -

All items less shelter

152.091 - 155.715 9.0 2.4 -

Commodities less food

129.581 - 133.885 14.2 3.3 -

Nondurables

170.733 - 178.215 13.0 4.4 -

Nondurables less food

170.145 - 182.190 17.4 7.1 -

Services less rent of shelter

167.213 - 170.077 4.4 1.7 -

Services less medical care services

174.975 - 179.225 11.2 2.4 -

Energy

240.517 267.878 271.556 32.6 12.9 1.4

All items less energy

158.933 - 161.757 9.5 1.8 -

All items less food and energy

157.036 - 159.828 9.7 1.8 -

Footnotes
(1) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, May 11, 2022