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News Release Information

22-2154-SAN
Thursday, November 10, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Phoenix area — October 2022

Area prices were up 1.4 percent over the past two months, up 12.1 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Phoenix area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 1.4 percent for the two months ending in October 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the October increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 12.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices rose 12.6 percent. Energy prices increased 23.4 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 11.1 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Phoenix, October 2019-October 2022
Food

Food prices advanced 0.8 percent for the two months ending in October. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home declined 0.4 percent, led by lower prices for cereals and bakery products (-2.1 percent). Prices for food away from home rose 2.4 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 12.6 percent. Prices for food at home rose 12.8 percent since a year ago. Price increases across food at home expenditure categories ranged from 7.1 percent for fruits and vegetables to 16.4 percent for dairy and related products. Prices for food away from home rose 12.3 percent.

Energy

The energy index increased 7.4 percent for the two months ending in October. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (15.9 percent). Prices for natural gas service rose 0.4 percent, but prices for electricity fell 2.5 percent for the same period.

Energy prices increased 23.4 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (40.8 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service increased 11.1 percent, and prices for electricity rose 2.7 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.9 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for shelter (2.1 percent) and household furnishings and operations (2.1 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for used cars and trucks (-5.8 percent), apparel (-3.8 percent), and medical care (-2.0 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 11.1 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (18.2 percent) and household furnishings and operations (13.2 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decrease in education and communication (-1.1 percent).

Table A. Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2019 2020 2021 2022
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

-0.3 2.1 0.6 4.4 1.0 1.0 2.1 10.9

April

1.4 2.3 -1.4 1.5 2.4 4.9 2.5 11.0

June

1.0 2.2 1.5 2.0 1.9 5.4 3.1 12.3

August

0.5 3.0 0.4 1.8 0.2 5.1 0.8 13.0

October

1.4 3.8 0.3 0.7 2.2 7.1 1.4 12.1

December

-0.6 3.4 -0.8 0.5 1.7 9.7

The December 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Phoenix area is scheduled to be released on January 12, 2023.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale metropolitan area covered in this release consists of Maricopa and Pinal Counties in the State of Arizona.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale (December 2001=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Aug.
2022
Sep.
2022
Oct.
2022
Oct.
2021
Aug.
2022
Sep.
2022

Expenditure category

All items

173.952 - 176.337 12.1 1.4 -

Food and beverages

178.412 - 179.932 12.2 0.9 -

Food

181.238 - 182.705 12.6 0.8 -

Food at home

180.037 180.104 179.262 12.8 -0.4 -0.5

Cereals and bakery products

223.355 - 218.624 13.2 -2.1 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

226.899 - 227.018 13.7 0.1 -

Dairy and related products

145.372 - 146.743 16.4 0.9 -

Fruits and vegetables

148.165 - 146.177 7.1 -1.3 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

138.365 - 138.900 8.9 0.4 -

Other food at home

180.153 - 179.474 16.3 -0.4 -

Food away from home

185.337 - 189.782 12.3 2.4 -

Alcoholic beverages

146.949 - 149.228 4.8 1.6 -

Housing

190.957 - 194.250 16.5 1.7 -

Shelter

203.953 207.326 208.153 18.2 2.1 0.4

Rent of primary residence

213.405 216.313 219.795 21.1 3.0 1.6

Owners' equiv. rent of residences

199.437 203.301 205.979 17.4 3.3 1.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence

199.437 203.301 205.979 17.4 3.3 1.3

Fuels and utilities

193.903 - 191.198 6.2 -1.4 -

Household energy

193.939 189.747 190.129 3.7 -2.0 0.2

Energy services

193.369 189.258 189.284 3.5 -2.1 0.0

Electricity

204.413 199.407 199.369 2.7 -2.5 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service

139.233 139.493 139.830 11.1 0.4 0.2

Household furnishings and operations

114.572 - 116.964 13.2 2.1 -

Apparel

148.346 - 142.645 2.6 -3.8 -

Transportation

158.804 - 164.309 13.3 3.5 -

Private transportation

163.577 - 168.929 12.4 3.3 -

New and used motor vehicles

117.950 - 115.564 - -2.0 -

New vehicles

112.687 - 112.872 - 0.2 -

Used cars and trucks

129.720 - 122.196 3.6 -5.8 -

Motor fuel

349.440 352.378 403.149 41.2 15.4 14.4

Gasoline (all types)

347.324 350.888 402.695 40.8 15.9 14.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(1)

350.060 354.199 407.829 41.8 16.5 15.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(1)

362.240 363.210 414.359 39.1 14.4 14.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(1)

341.415 342.807 388.062 36.8 13.7 13.2

Medical care

217.714 - 213.278 - -2.0 -

Recreation

122.577 - 123.387 -0.2 0.7 -

Education and communication

117.701 - 117.973 -1.1 0.2 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care

221.088 - - - - -

Other goods and services

167.839 - 169.009 7.6 0.7 -

Commodity and service group

All items

173.952 - 176.337 12.1 1.4 -

Commodities

148.566 - 150.206 10.8 1.1 -

Commodities less food & beverages

133.168 - 134.822 10.1 1.2 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

180.194 - 188.542 16.3 4.6 -

Durables

94.276 - 92.698 4.8 -1.7 -

Services

191.523 - 194.449 12.9 1.5 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

171.592 - 174.438 12.8 1.7 -

All items less shelter

158.900 - 160.391 8.6 0.9 -

Commodities less food

133.917 - 135.592 10.0 1.3 -

Nondurables

179.766 - 184.407 14.1 2.6 -

Nondurables less food

177.734 - 185.625 15.6 4.4 -

Services less rent of shelter

175.199 - 176.396 5.6 0.7 -

Services less medical care services

188.955 - 192.631 13.8 1.9 -

Energy

266.916 265.460 286.579 23.4 7.4 8.0

All items less energy

168.828 - 170.373 11.3 0.9 -

All items less food and energy

166.844 - 168.398 11.1 0.9 -

Footnotes
(1) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, November 10, 2022