Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

20-1544-SAN
Wednesday, August 12, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Riverside Area – July 2020

Area prices were up 0.7 percent over the past two months, up 1.7 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Riverside area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.7 percent for the two months ending in July 2020, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the July increase was influenced by higher prices for gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 1.7 percent. The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.7 percent over the year. Food prices rose 6.6 percent. Energy prices decreased 5.4 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices inched down 0.1 percent for the two months ending in July. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home decreased 0.4 percent, but prices for food at home advanced 0.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 6.6 percent. Prices for food at home increased 7.9 percent since a year ago, and prices for food away from home advanced 5.1 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 5.7 percent for the two months ending in July. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (13.5 percent). Prices for natural gas service rose 0.8 percent, but prices for electricity decreased 3.7 percent for the same period.

Energy prices decreased 5.4 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-16.0 percent). Prices paid for electricity jumped 15.4 percent, and prices for natural gas service jumped 12.3 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.3 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for medical care (2.1 percent), new and used motor vehicles (1.1 percent), and education and communication (0.8 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-4.1 percent), household furnishings and operations (-0.3 percent), and shelter (-0.2 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.7 percent. Components contributing to the increase included medical care (6.3 percent) and shelter (3.0 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price decreases in apparel (-8.4 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (-3.2 percent).

The September 2020 Consumer Price Index for the Riverside area is scheduled to be released on October 13, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on July 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in July was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario metropolitan area covered in this release consists of Riverside and San Bernardino Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario (December 2017=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
May
2020
Jun.
2020
Jul.
2020
Jul.
2019
May
2020
Jun.
2020

Expenditure category

All items

106.899 - 107.640 1.7 0.7 -

Food and beverages

110.430 - 110.783 6.6 0.3 -

Food

111.077 - 111.011 6.6 -0.1 -

Food at home

108.969 110.048 109.270 7.9 0.3 -0.7

Cereals and bakery products

115.875 - 116.199 11.6 0.3 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

104.803 - 108.036 9.0 3.1 -

Dairy and related products

106.880 - 103.481 1.7 -3.2 -

Fruits and vegetables

114.581 - 111.362 10.4 -2.8 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

113.766 - 112.022 4.8 -1.5 -

Other food at home

104.172 - 106.548 7.3 2.3 -

Food away from home

113.014 - 112.518 5.1 -0.4 -

Alcoholic beverages

98.737 - 107.212 6.1 8.6 -

Housing

110.788 - 110.441 3.7 -0.3 -

Shelter

110.730 110.410 110.560 3.0 -0.2 0.1

Rent of primary residence

111.052 111.201 111.259 4.2 0.2 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences

111.028 110.648 110.760 2.9 -0.2 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence

111.028 110.648 110.760 2.9 -0.2 0.1

Fuels and utilities

116.975 - 115.268 9.9 -1.5 -

Household energy

117.261 114.193 114.128 14.0 -2.7 -0.1

Energy services

117.677 114.556 114.413 14.2 -2.8 -0.1

Electricity

114.621 110.335 110.345 15.4 -3.7 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service

129.434 131.214 130.434 12.3 0.8 -0.6

Household furnishings and operations

103.024 - 102.735 2.1 -0.3 -

Apparel

96.667 - 92.714 -8.4 -4.1 -

Transportation

96.278 - 100.702 -7.3 4.6 -

Private transportation

97.253 - 102.123 -6.1 5.0 -

New and used motor vehicles

96.735 - 97.758 -3.2 1.1 -

New vehicles

103.193 - 103.427 2.9 0.2 -

Used cars and trucks

100.622 - 102.638 -1.4 2.0 -

Motor fuel

89.461 97.264 101.290 -16.1 13.2 4.1

Gasoline (all types)

89.420 97.343 101.478 -16.0 13.5 4.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(1)

89.008 97.225 101.372 -16.3 13.9 4.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(1)

91.959 98.773 102.596 -15.2 11.6 3.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(1)

91.088 97.639 101.764 -14.8 11.7 4.2

Motor vehicle insurance

106.331 - 116.349 5.7 9.4 -

Medical care

108.070 - 110.356 6.3 2.1 -

Recreation

102.827 - 103.275 2.7 0.4 -

Education and communication

105.837 - 106.717 1.1 0.8 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care

116.209 - 118.434 5.6 1.9 -

Other goods and services

106.982 - 107.798 1.8 0.8 -

Commodity and service group

All items

106.899 - 107.640 1.7 0.7 -

Commodities

102.778 - 104.650 -0.2 1.8 -

Commodities less food & beverages

98.259 - 101.019 -4.3 2.8 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

94.503 - 98.454 -8.8 4.2 -

Durables

101.768 - 103.246 1.2 1.5 -

Services

109.405 - 109.486 2.9 0.1 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

106.820 - 107.454 1.4 0.6 -

All items less shelter

104.738 - 106.015 1.0 1.2 -

Commodities less food

98.236 - 101.155 -4.0 3.0 -

Nondurables

102.962 - 105.002 -0.8 2.0 -

Nondurables less food

94.688 - 98.875 -8.1 4.4 -

Services less rent of shelter

107.563 - 107.998 2.8 0.4 -

Services less medical care services

109.274 - 109.153 2.5 -0.1 -

Energy

101.326 104.703 107.068 -5.4 5.7 2.3

All items less energy

107.361 - 107.667 2.4 0.3 -

All items less food and energy

106.789 - 107.156 1.7 0.3 -

Footnotes
(1) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, August 12, 2020