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News Release Information

21-2128-SAN
Friday, December 10, 2021

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, San Diego Area – November 2021

Area prices were up 0.7 percent over the past two months, up 6.6 percent from a year ago

Prices in the San Diego area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.7 percent for the two months ending in November 2021, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the November increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 6.6 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices advanced 7.5 percent. Energy prices jumped 37.2 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 4.5 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, San Diego, March 2019-November 2021

Food

Food prices increased 0.5 percent for the two months ending in November. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 0.8 percent. Higher prices for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (2.7 percent) were largely offset by lower prices for dairy and related products (-6.9 percent). Prices for food away from home increased 0.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 7.5 percent. Prices for food at home rose 4.9 percent since a year ago, led by a large price increase in cereals and bakery products (11.9 percent). Prices for food away from home escalated 10.4 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 5.0 percent for the two months ending in November. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (6.0 percent). Prices for electricity advanced 4.3 percent, but prices for natural gas service edged down 0.2 percent for the same period.

Energy prices leapt 37.2 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (47.2 percent). Prices paid for electricity jumped 24.7 percent, and prices for natural gas service rose 13.8 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.4 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for used cars and trucks (5.1 percent), medical care (0.8 percent), and shelter (0.7 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for recreation (-1.8 percent) and apparel (-0.7 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 4.5 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (16.0 percent), shelter (5.2 percent), and medical care (2.9 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decrease in recreation (-3.3 percent).

Table A. San Diego-Carlsbad, CA, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2019 2020 2021
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

January

0.6 2.6 0.3 2.3 0.4 1.7

March

0.5 2.2 0.0 1.8 2.4 4.1

May

1.0 3.8 -0.4 0.3 0.7 5.3

July

-0.3 1.4 1.4 2.1 2.1 6.0

September

0.6 1.7 -0.4 1.1 0.1 6.5

November

0.2 2.6 0.6 1.6 0.7 6.6

The January 2022 Consumer Price Index for the San Diego area is scheduled to be released on February 10, 2022.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on November 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended almost entirely since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in November was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.

 


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The San Diego-Carlsbad, CA metropolitan area includes San Diego County in California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

San Diego-Carlsbad (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Sep.
2021
Oct.
2021
Nov.
2021
Nov.
2020
Sep.
2021
Oct.
2021

Expenditure category

All items

324.138 - 326.422 6.6 0.7 -

All items (1967=100)

1,096.011 - 1,103.731 - - -

Food and beverages

291.182 - 293.324 7.4 0.7 -

Food

290.442 - 292.039 7.5 0.5 -

Food at home

251.050 253.652 253.044 4.9 0.8 -0.2

Cereals and bakery products

291.545 - 303.192 11.9 4.0 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

268.414 - 275.625 1.6 2.7 -

Dairy and related products

188.341 - 175.372 -7.4 -6.9 -

Fruits and vegetables

278.317 - 277.851 3.5 -0.2 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

282.869 - 288.130 4.3 1.9 -

Other food at home

234.629 - 234.906 10.8 0.1 -

Food away from home

343.404 - 344.401 10.4 0.3 -

Alcoholic beverages

288.534 - 295.942 6.9 2.6 -

Housing

379.710 - 382.385 5.7 0.7 -

Shelter

430.066 429.966 432.903 5.2 0.7 0.7

Rent of primary residence(2)

424.496 425.362 427.019 4.2 0.6 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)

455.192 457.412 458.760 4.5 0.8 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)

455.192 457.412 458.760 4.5 0.8 0.3

Fuels and utilities

395.294 - 404.285 15.0 2.3 -

Household energy

381.379 384.509 394.037 22.2 3.3 2.5

Energy services

376.516 379.186 388.800 22.2 3.3 2.5

Electricity

362.335 362.335 377.798 24.7 4.3 4.3

Utility (piped) gas service

300.308 309.743 299.747 13.8 -0.2 -3.2

Household furnishings and operations

197.913 - 197.678 2.9 -0.1 -

Apparel

172.313 - 171.108 5.9 -0.7 -

Transportation

259.830 - 265.840 18.5 2.3 -

Private transportation

258.749 - 266.891 21.2 3.1 -

New and used motor vehicles(3)

126.409 - 128.958 16.0 2.0 -

New vehicles(1)

247.450 - 246.949 5.8 -0.2 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

311.298 - 327.223 30.0 5.1 -

Motor fuel

345.256 352.175 365.928 47.2 6.0 3.9

Gasoline (all types)

345.140 351.985 365.760 47.2 6.0 3.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

357.397 364.661 379.155 48.1 6.1 4.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

300.967 306.493 318.518 45.4 5.8 3.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

352.651 359.030 372.228 43.8 5.6 3.7

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

572.272 - 587.239 10.1 2.6 -

Medical care

521.611 - 525.700 2.9 0.8 -

Recreation(3)

167.740 - 164.671 -3.3 -1.8 -

Education and communication(3)

138.560 - 139.258 2.5 0.5 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,606.250 - 1,606.250 3.1 0.0 -

Other goods and services

441.713 - 441.269 2.7 -0.1 -

Commodity and service group

All items

324.138 - 326.422 6.6 0.7 -

Commodities

226.174 - 228.740 10.3 1.1 -

Commodities less food & beverages

191.849 - 194.671 12.8 1.5 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

226.202 - 230.490 15.7 1.9 -

Durables

155.490 - 156.890 9.1 0.9 -

Services

409.514 - 411.365 4.5 0.5 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

314.820 - 317.018 6.9 0.7 -

All items less shelter

281.934 - 283.989 7.3 0.7 -

Commodities less food

196.194 - 199.235 12.3 1.5 -

Nondurables

260.179 - 263.315 10.6 1.2 -

Nondurables less food

232.279 - 236.869 14.5 2.0 -

Services less rent of shelter(2)

405.897 - 406.635 3.5 0.2 -

Services less medical care services

396.418 - 398.014 4.6 0.4 -

Energy

353.519 359.096 371.285 37.2 5.0 3.4

All items less energy

325.362 - 326.757 5.0 0.4 -

All items less food and energy

332.730 - 334.078 4.5 0.4 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a November 1977=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, December 10, 2021