A to Z Index  |  FAQs  |  About BLS  |  Contact Us    

News Release Information

19-1798-SAN
Thursday, October 10, 2019

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, San Diego Area – September 2019

Area prices were up 0.6 percent over the past two months, up 1.7 percent from a year ago

Prices in the San Diego area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.6 percent for the two months ending in September 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the September increase was influenced by higher prices for apparel and shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 1.7 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.1 percent over the year. Food prices advanced 0.4 percent. Energy prices declined 0.2 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of electricity. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.9 percent for the two months ending in September. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home increased 0.9 percent, and prices for food at home advanced 0.8 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices moved up 0.4 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 0.5 percent since a year ago, and prices for food away from home increased 0.4 percent.

Energy

The energy index declined 1.1 percent for the two months ending in September. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-1.7 percent). Prices for natural gas service decreased 1.6 percent, while electricity prices were unchanged for the same period.

Energy prices decreased 0.2 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for electricity (-2.6 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service declined 0.4 percent, but prices for gasoline rose 1.0 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.7 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for apparel (11.6 percent), recreation (2.6 percent), and shelter (0.7 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for household furnishings and operations (-5.0 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (-2.1 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.1 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (3.5 percent) and household furnishings and operations (2.8 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price declines in apparel (-8.0 percent) and education and communication (-2.4 percent).

The November 2019 Consumer Price Index for the San Diego area is scheduled to be released on December 11, 2019.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). This index changed to a bimonthly publication schedule beginning in January, 2018. The first indexes using the new structure were published in February 2018. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.

Historical data, including semiannual and annual averages, are available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/data.htm

 


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The San Diego-Carlsbad, CA metropolitan area covered in this release consists of San Diego County in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

San Diego-Carlsbad (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019

Expenditure category

All items

299.333 - 301.033 1.7 0.6 -

All items (1967=100)

1,012.135 - 1,017.886 - - -

Food and beverages

258.336 - 261.023 0.5 1.0 -

Food

256.476 - 258.680 0.4 0.9 -

Food at home

228.779 230.944 230.653 0.5 0.8 -0.1

Cereals and bakery products

267.664 - 260.394 -0.1 -2.7 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

229.556 - 237.007 2.3 3.2 -

Dairy and related products

187.593 - 190.050 5.3 1.3 -

Fruits and vegetables

264.580 - 269.633 0.3 1.9 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

249.966 - 246.405 -1.5 -1.4 -

Other food at home

214.551 - 215.755 -1.5 0.6 -

Food away from home

292.841 - 295.494 0.4 0.9 -

Food away from home

292.841 - 295.494 0.4 0.9 -

Alcoholic beverages

267.968 - 275.751 0.9 2.9 -

Housing

357.487 - 357.699 3.0 0.1 -

Shelter

403.840 404.251 406.683 3.5 0.7 0.6

Rent of primary residence(2)

398.695 401.514 402.529 2.7 1.0 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)

428.972 430.301 431.157 3.8 0.5 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)

428.972 430.301 431.157 3.8 0.5 0.2

Fuels and utilities

351.388 - 353.831 -0.9 0.7 -

Household energy

324.290 323.786 323.472 -2.3 -0.3 -0.1

Energy services

320.610 320.165 319.788 -2.3 -0.3 -0.1

Electricity

324.183 324.183 324.183 -2.6 0.0 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service

208.597 206.762 205.204 -0.4 -1.6 -0.8

Household furnishings and operations

196.300 - 186.521 2.8 -5.0 -

Apparel

153.363 - 171.134 -8.0 11.6 -

Transportation

234.757 - 234.106 2.2 -0.3 -

Private transportation

229.641 - 226.943 1.6 -1.2 -

New and used motor vehicles(3)

109.230 - 106.930 1.6 -2.1 -

New vehicles(1)

233.627 - 229.008 1.7 -2.0 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

237.776 - 231.004 1.8 -2.8 -

Motor fuel

304.325 297.250 299.371 1.1 -1.6 0.7

Gasoline (all types)

304.265 297.099 299.202 1.0 -1.7 0.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

315.629 308.139 310.336 0.9 -1.7 0.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

264.713 258.975 259.794 1.5 -1.9 0.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

308.488 301.428 303.710 1.4 -1.5 0.8

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

534.137 - 533.034 -0.2 -0.2 -

Medical care

492.275 - 494.789 - 0.5 -

Recreation(3)

152.422 - 156.400 1.6 2.6 -

Education and communication(3)

131.299 - 130.136 -2.4 -0.9 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,578.552 - 1,538.385 -3.0 -2.5 -

Other goods and services

410.943 - 405.354 1.2 -1.4 -

Commodity and service group

All items

299.333 - 301.033 1.7 0.6 -

Commodities

204.823 - 204.877 -0.1 0.0 -

Commodities less food & beverages

176.079 - 175.019 -0.5 -0.6 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

208.043 - 212.219 -1.4 2.0 -

Durables

142.770 - 136.273 1.1 -4.6 -

Services

382.877 - 386.086 2.7 0.8 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

290.235 - 291.897 1.6 0.6 -

All items less shelter

258.082 - 259.334 0.7 0.5 -

Commodities less food

180.307 - 179.550 -0.4 -0.4 -

Nondurables

234.457 - 238.012 -0.5 1.5 -

Nondurables less food

213.909 - 218.363 -1.3 2.1 -

Services less rent of shelter(2)

377.177 - 380.967 1.7 1.0 -

Services less medical care services

370.732 - 373.883 2.6 0.8 -

Energy

307.845 303.176 304.412 -0.2 -1.1 0.4

All items less energy

301.310 - 303.403 1.9 0.7 -

All items less food and energy

310.932 - 313.020 2.1 0.7 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a November 1977=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, October 10, 2019