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19-964-SAN
Wednesday, June 12, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, San Diego Area – May 2019

Area prices were up 1.0 percent over the past two months, up 3.8 percent from a year ago

Prices in the San Diego area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 1.0 percent for the two months ending in May 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the May increase was influenced by higher prices for gasoline and household furnishings and operations. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 3.8 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices increased 5.5 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 4.1 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices decreased 0.8 percent for the two months ending in May. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home decreased 1.1 percent, and prices for food at home decreased 0.5 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 1.0 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 2.2 percent since a year ago, but prices for food away from home decreased 0.4 percent.

Energy

The energy index jumped 11.4 percent for the two months ending in May. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (19.7 percent). Prices for natural gas service decreased 7.4 percent, and prices for electricity declined 0.7 percent for the same period.

Energy prices increased 5.5 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (7.5 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service increased 6.4 percent, and prices for electricity rose 0.9 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.5 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for household furnishings and operations (6.3 percent) and medical care (0.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-5.0 percent) and education and communication (-0.8 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 4.1 percent. Components contributing to the increase included household furnishings and operations (9.3 percent) and shelter (5.2 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decline in education and communication (-1.1 percent).

The July 2019 Consumer Price Index for the San Diego area is scheduled to be released on August 13, 2019.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). This index changed to a bimonthly publication schedule beginning in January, 2018. The first indexes using the new structure were published in February 2018. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.

Historical data, including semiannual and annual averages, are available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/data.htm

 


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The San Diego-Carlsbad, CA metropolitan area covered in this release consists of San Diego County in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

San Diego-Carlsbad (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
May
2019
May
2018
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019

Expenditure category

All items

297.226 - 300.303 3.8 1.0 -

All items (1967=100)

1,005.012 - 1,015.415 - - -

Food and beverages

263.073 - 261.494 1.1 -0.6 -

Food

261.194 - 259.188 1.0 -0.8 -

Food at home

233.015 229.835 231.814 2.2 -0.5 0.9

Cereals and bakery products

266.556 - 271.695 6.4 1.9 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

241.166 - 235.542 1.0 -2.3 -

Dairy and related products

185.130 - 188.898 8.6 2.0 -

Fruits and vegetables

258.440 - 263.674 0.3 2.0 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

260.347 - 253.027 1.2 -2.8 -

Other food at home

221.786 - 218.044 0.8 -1.7 -

Food away from home

298.186 - 295.021 -0.4 -1.1 -

Food away from home

298.186 - 295.021 -0.4 -1.1 -

Alcoholic beverages

272.723 - 275.795 2.0 1.1 -

Housing

353.318 - 355.818 5.4 0.7 -

Shelter

402.787 404.365 403.148 5.2 0.1 -0.3

Rent of primary residence(2)

395.541 395.871 396.176 3.5 0.2 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)

423.210 424.192 425.342 4.5 0.5 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)

423.210 424.192 425.342 4.5 0.5 0.3

Fuels and utilities

332.684 - 330.424 2.2 -0.7 -

Household energy

296.467 291.829 291.213 1.8 -1.8 -0.2

Energy services

292.408 287.662 286.871 1.8 -1.9 -0.3

Electricity

287.659 288.428 285.687 0.9 -0.7 -1.0

Utility (piped) gas service

217.796 195.554 201.717 6.4 -7.4 3.2

Household furnishings and operations

187.374 - 199.170 9.3 6.3 -

Apparel

157.439 - 149.517 4.8 -5.0 -

Transportation

225.313 - 240.940 4.8 6.9 -

Private transportation

219.671 - 232.537 4.1 5.9 -

New and used motor vehicles(3)

108.506 - 107.534 2.4 -0.9 -

New vehicles(1)

228.529 - 231.461 0.7 1.3 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

234.513 - 231.507 -0.4 -1.3 -

Motor fuel

269.044 317.737 321.484 7.5 19.5 1.2

Gasoline (all types)

268.777 318.105 321.703 7.5 19.7 1.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

278.612 330.552 334.446 7.5 20.0 1.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

231.285 274.474 278.289 8.5 20.3 1.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

274.248 319.892 322.488 7.1 17.6 0.8

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

534.137 - 534.137 0.7 0.0 -

Medical care

486.831 - 488.287 - 0.3 -

Recreation(3)

155.838 - 155.530 0.8 -0.2 -

Education and communication(3)

132.706 - 131.607 -1.1 -0.8 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,595.501 - 1,576.375 0.5 -1.2 -

Other goods and services

410.683 - 411.888 3.8 0.3 -

Commodity and service group

All items

297.226 - 300.303 3.8 1.0 -

Commodities

201.914 - 207.448 3.3 2.7 -

Commodities less food & beverages

170.025 - 178.400 4.7 4.9 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

200.413 - 210.322 4.6 4.9 -

Durables

138.355 - 145.133 4.9 4.9 -

Services

381.549 - 382.291 4.1 0.2 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

288.285 - 291.435 3.9 1.1 -

All items less shelter

255.567 - 259.700 3.0 1.6 -

Commodities less food

174.596 - 182.834 4.5 4.7 -

Nondurables

232.402 - 237.176 2.8 2.1 -

Nondurables less food

207.037 - 216.579 4.3 4.6 -

Services less rent of shelter(2)

375.461 - 376.696 2.7 0.3 -

Services less medical care services

369.730 - 370.413 4.2 0.2 -

Energy

275.611 304.883 307.044 5.5 11.4 0.7

All items less energy

301.404 - 302.418 3.7 0.3 -

All items less food and energy

310.228 - 311.771 4.1 0.5 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a November 1977=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, June 12, 2019