Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

21-1999-SAN
Wednesday, November 10, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, San Francisco Area — October 2021

Area prices were up 0.7 percent over the past two months, up 3.8 percent from a year ago

Prices in the San Francisco area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.7 percent for the two months ending in October 2021, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the October increase was influenced by higher prices for food, recreation, and education and communication. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 3.8 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices rose 5.6 percent. Energy prices jumped 25.0 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.4 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, San Francisco, October 2018-October 2021

Food

Food prices increased 1.3 percent for the two months ending in October. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home increased 2.2 percent led by higher prices for cereals and bakery products (6.7 percent). Prices for food away from home increased 0.4 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 5.6 percent. Prices for food at home increased 7.1 percent and were strongly influenced by higher prices for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (13.6 percent) since a year ago. Prices for food away from home increased 4.1 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 2.8 percent for the two months ending in October. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for natural gas service (26.5 percent). Prices for gasoline increased 2.3 percent, but prices for electricity decreased 1.8 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 25.0 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (39.5 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service jumped 21.7 percent, and prices for electricity rose 9.1 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.4 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for motor vehicle insurance (3.8 percent), recreation (3.3 percent), and education and communication (2.5 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-2.6 percent) and used cars and trucks (-1.9 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.4 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (12.4 percent), apparel (10.3 percent), recreation (9.4 percent), and education and communication (3.5 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a decrease in the rent of primary residence index (-0.4 percent).

Table A. San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

0.8 3.4 1.4 3.6 0.5 3.5 0.9 2.9 0.5 1.6

April

1.1 3.8 0.8 3.2 1.2 4.0 -0.5 1.1 1.7 3.8

June

0.3 3.5 0.9 3.9 0.2 3.2 0.7 1.6 0.0 3.2

August

0.2 3.0 0.6 4.3 0.1 2.7 0.0 1.6 0.5 3.7

October

0.6 2.7 0.7 4.4 1.0 3.0 0.5 1.1 0.7 3.8

December

-0.1 2.9 0.1 4.5 -0.5 2.5 0.4 2.0

The December 2021 Consumer Price Index for the San Francisco area is scheduled to be released on January 12, 2022.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on October 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended almost entirely since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in October was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, San Francisco, San Mateo Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Aug.
2021
Sep.
2021
Oct.
2021
Oct.
2020
Aug.
2021
Sep.
2021

Expenditure category

All items

311.167 - 313.265 3.8 0.7 -

All items (1967=100)

956.615 - 963.065 - - -

Food and beverages

319.093 - 322.908 5.3 1.2 -

Food

319.699 - 323.908 5.6 1.3 -

Food at home

286.986 288.480 293.297 7.1 2.2 1.7

Cereals and bakery products

275.379 - 293.958 -1.3 6.7 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

324.573 - 331.227 13.6 2.1 -

Dairy and related products

289.841 - 292.905 2.4 1.1 -

Fruits and vegetables

373.556 - 375.572 1.4 0.5 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

215.651 - 217.188 10.0 0.7 -

Other food at home

240.167 - 246.222 10.5 2.5 -

Food away from home

356.519 - 357.869 4.1 0.4 -

Alcoholic beverages

315.160 - 314.172 1.5 -0.3 -

Housing

364.269 - 365.291 1.4 0.3 -

Shelter

411.229 409.431 411.127 0.5 0.0 0.4

Rent of primary residence(2)

467.584 466.855 467.014 -0.4 -0.1 0.0

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

440.015 439.777 442.741 0.8 0.6 0.7

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

440.015 439.777 442.741 0.8 0.6 0.7

Fuels and utilities

484.021 - 494.755 8.8 2.2 -

Household energy

427.663 437.877 442.615 11.8 3.5 1.1

Energy services(2)

429.132 439.487 444.291 11.8 3.5 1.1

Electricity(2)

464.868 464.868 456.616 9.1 -1.8 -1.8

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

338.295 381.801 427.980 21.7 26.5 12.1

Household furnishings and operations

152.528 - 155.157 4.6 1.7 -

Apparel

110.459 - 107.568 10.3 -2.6 -

Transportation

225.014 - 225.415 13.2 0.2 -

Private transportation

225.547 - 227.477 16.6 0.9 -

New and used motor vehicles(4)

105.621 - 105.032 12.4 -0.6 -

New vehicles(1)

164.666 - 164.666 5.3 0.0 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

353.291 - 346.626 25.6 -1.9 -

Motor fuel

322.785 321.903 330.112 39.5 2.3 2.6

Gasoline (all types)

321.737 320.892 329.013 39.5 2.3 2.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

322.036 321.149 329.538 40.2 2.3 2.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

300.098 299.463 306.323 36.9 2.1 2.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

303.841 303.174 309.976 36.9 2.0 2.2

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

525.120 - 544.878 6.8 3.8 -

Medical care

550.215 - 556.119 1.2 1.1 -

Recreation(6)

133.152 - 137.519 9.4 3.3 -

Education and communication(6)

152.321 - 156.095 3.5 2.5 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,843.423 - 1,912.969 5.5 3.8 -

Other goods and services

527.506 - 528.550 2.3 0.2 -

Commodity and service group

All items

311.167 - 313.265 3.8 0.7 -

Commodities

210.955 - 212.354 8.6 0.7 -

Commodities less food & beverages

153.324 - 153.549 12.1 0.1 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

204.213 - 204.795 15.9 0.3 -

Durables

104.702 - 104.655 7.3 0.0 -

Services

395.227 - 397.910 2.0 0.7 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

301.281 - 303.234 4.0 0.6 -

All items less shelter

270.811 - 274.141 6.6 1.2 -

Commodities less food

160.449 - 160.635 11.3 0.1 -

Nondurables

263.024 - 265.273 9.0 0.9 -

Nondurables less food

212.972 - 213.438 14.1 0.2 -

Services less rent of shelter(3)

393.355 - 400.518 4.5 1.8 -

Services less medical care services

384.361 - 386.781 2.0 0.6 -

Energy

366.471 370.005 376.880 25.0 2.8 1.9

All items less energy

312.327 - 314.059 2.8 0.6 -

All items less food and energy

312.029 - 313.376 2.4 0.4 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, November 10, 2021