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Friday, May 10, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, San Francisco Area — April 2019

Area prices were up 1.2 percent over the past two months, up 4.0 percent from a year ago

Prices in the San Francisco area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 1.2 percent for the two months ending in April 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the April increase was influenced by higher prices for gasoline and shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 4.0 percent.  (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices increased 6.8 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 3.8 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices advanced 0.7 percent for the two months ending in April. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home increased 1.8 percent, but prices for food at home decreased 0.6 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 4.3 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 7.6 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home moved up 0.5 percent.

Energy

The energy index jumped 11.7 percent for the two months ending in April. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (15.5 percent). Prices for natural gas service jumped 15.6 percent, and prices for electricity rose 2.5 percent for the same period.

Energy prices increased 6.8 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (9.6 percent). Prices paid for electricity increased 3.0 percent, and prices for natural gas service rose 0.6 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.7 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for medical care (3.4 percent), recreation (1.1 percent), and shelter (0.7 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for new vehicles (-3.7 percent) and education and communication (-0.5 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 3.8 percent. Components contributing to the increase included medical care (6.6 percent), education and communication (6.0 percent), and shelter (3.7 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decline in new vehicles (-1.7 percent).

Table A. San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

1.0 2.5 0.9 3.0 0.8 3.4 1.4 3.6 0.5 3.5

April

1.1 2.4 0.7 2.7 1.1 3.8 0.8 3.2 1.2 4.0

June

0.6 2.3 0.6 2.7 0.3 3.5 0.9 3.9

August

0.3 2.6 0.7 3.1 0.2 3.0 0.6 4.3

October

0.4 2.6 0.9 3.6 0.6 2.7 0.7 4.4

December

-0.3 3.2 -0.3 3.5 -0.1 2.9 0.1 4.5

The June 2019 Consumer Price Index for the San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward area is scheduled to be released on July 11, 2019.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). As part of the new sample, the index for this area was renamed. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 94 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, San Francisco, San Mateo Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019
Apr.
2019
Apr.
2018
Feb.
2019
Mar.
2019

Expenditure category

All items

291.227 - 294.801 4.0 1.2 -

All items (1967=100)

895.314 - 906.300 - - -

Food and beverages

287.162 - 288.243 4.5 0.4 -

Food

283.969 - 285.888 4.3 0.7 -

Food at home

254.276 255.643 252.639 0.5 -0.6 -1.2

Cereals and bakery products

252.076 - 258.149 -0.4 2.4 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

246.686 - 250.400 -0.3 1.5 -

Dairy and related products

269.671 - 261.768 -0.6 -2.9 -

Fruits and vegetables

345.352 - 342.744 4.8 -0.8 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

209.346 - 204.278 1.5 -2.4 -

Other food at home

222.216 - 216.998 -1.5 -2.3 -

Food away from home

318.676 - 324.339 7.6 1.8 -

Alcoholic beverages

322.434 - 316.507 5.9 -1.8 -

Housing

342.944 - 346.105 3.5 0.9 -

Shelter

392.626 393.992 395.518 3.7 0.7 0.4

Rent of primary residence(2)

450.694 452.409 453.935 3.8 0.7 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

421.095 422.749 424.098 3.5 0.7 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

421.095 422.749 424.098 3.5 0.7 0.3

Fuels and utilities

397.908 - 415.874 4.3 4.5 -

Household energy

340.206 337.983 359.515 2.3 5.7 6.4

Energy services(2)

341.065 338.782 360.524 2.3 5.7 6.4

Electricity(2)

364.867 367.561 373.923 3.0 2.5 1.7

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

277.765 263.946 320.999 0.6 15.6 21.6

Household furnishings and operations

138.669 - 139.090 0.0 0.3 -

Apparel

117.077 - 117.181 2.9 0.1 -

Transportation

202.749 - 210.749 3.5 3.9 -

Private transportation

196.577 - 204.281 3.4 3.9 -

New and used motor vehicles(4)

95.322 - 93.188 -3.6 -2.2 -

New vehicles(1)

164.164 - 158.086 -1.7 -3.7 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

252.079 - 253.407 0.0 0.5 -

Motor fuel

251.375 259.552 290.028 9.5 15.4 11.7

Gasoline (all types)

250.294 258.515 289.129 9.6 15.5 11.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

250.511 258.884 289.818 9.7 15.7 11.9

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

232.890 238.501 266.200 9.2 14.3 11.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

236.797 244.205 271.738 9.0 14.8 11.3

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

516.426 - 516.426 2.1 0.0 -

Medical care

519.339 - 537.178 6.6 3.4 -

Recreation(6)

117.960 - 119.255 3.6 1.1 -

Education and communication(6)

152.196 - 151.482 6.0 -0.5 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,833.255 - 1,836.560 10.6 0.2 -

Other goods and services

500.106 - 499.587 4.3 -0.1 -

Commodity and service group

All items

291.227 - 294.801 4.0 1.2 -

Commodities

193.224 - 195.833 3.3 1.4 -

Commodities less food & beverages

142.875 - 146.132 2.2 2.3 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

188.183 - 196.693 4.0 4.5 -

Durables

99.201 - 97.745 -1.0 -1.5 -

Services

372.829 - 377.211 4.3 1.2 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

281.912 - 284.919 3.8 1.1 -

All items less shelter

249.269 - 253.247 4.2 1.6 -

Commodities less food

150.524 - 153.324 2.5 1.9 -

Nondurables

238.975 - 243.797 4.3 2.0 -

Nondurables less food

198.709 - 205.752 4.3 3.5 -

Services less rent of shelter(3)

364.031 - 370.732 5.2 1.8 -

Services less medical care services

363.563 - 367.000 4.0 0.9 -

Energy

288.767 293.894 322.575 6.8 11.7 9.8

All items less energy

294.874 - 297.045 3.9 0.7 -

All items less food and energy

297.400 - 299.618 3.8 0.7 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, May 10, 2019