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News Release Information

22-1853-SAN
Tuesday, September 13, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, San Francisco Area — August 2022

Area prices were down 0.5 percent over the past two months, up 5.7 percent from a year ago

Prices in the San Francisco area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), declined 0.5 percent for the two months ending in August 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the August decrease was influenced by lower prices for gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 5.7 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices advanced 9.6 percent. Energy prices rose 20.9 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 4.1 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, San Francisco, August 2019-August 2022
Food

Food prices increased 0.9 percent for the two months ending in August. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home increased 0.9 percent, led by higher prices for dairy and related products (7.3 percent). Prices for food away from home advanced 0.9 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 9.6 percent. Prices for food at home rose 11.6 percent since a year ago. Price increases across food at home expenditure categories ranged from 4.1 percent for nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials to 17.2 percent for other food at home. Prices for food away from home advanced 7.1 percent.

Energy

The energy index declined 9.2 percent for the two months ending in August. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-15.8 percent). Prices for natural gas service fell 1.6 percent, while electricity prices were unchanged for the same period.

Energy prices rose 20.9 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (21.0 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service increased 31.0 percent, and prices for electricity increased 18.4 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy declined 0.1 percent in the latest two-month period. Lower prices for other goods and services (-1.2 percent) and education and communication (-0.2 percent) were partially offset by higher prices for medical care (1.5 percent), household furnishings and operations (1.4 percent), new and used motor vehicles (0.7 percent), and shelter (0.2 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 4.1 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (14.6 percent), household furnishings and operations (9.5 percent), medical care (7.5 percent), and shelter (2.1 percent).

Table A. San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

1.4 3.6 0.5 3.5 0.9 2.9 0.5 1.6 1.4 5.2

April

0.8 3.2 1.2 4.0 -0.5 1.1 1.7 3.8 1.5 5.0

June

0.9 3.9 0.2 3.2 0.7 1.6 0.0 3.2 1.7 6.8

August

0.6 4.3 0.1 2.7 0.0 1.6 0.5 3.7 -0.5 5.7

October

0.7 4.4 1.0 3.0 0.5 1.1 0.7 3.8

December

0.1 4.5 -0.5 2.5 0.4 2.0 0.8 4.2

The October 2022 Consumer Price Index for the San Francisco area is scheduled to be released on November 10, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, San Francisco, San Mateo Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Jun.
2022
Jul.
2022
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Jun.
2022
Jul.
2022

Expenditure category

All items

330.539 - 328.871 5.7 -0.5 -

All items (1967=100)

1,016.169 - 1,011.040 - - -

Food and beverages

345.013 - 347.940 9.0 0.8 -

Food

347.238 - 350.468 9.6 0.9 -

Food at home

317.292 321.564 320.223 11.6 0.9 -0.4

Cereals and bakery products

316.957 - 309.012 12.2 -2.5 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

353.725 - 352.123 8.5 -0.5 -

Dairy and related products

314.815 - 337.802 16.5 7.3 -

Fruits and vegetables

412.383 - 404.120 8.2 -2.0 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

222.129 - 224.431 4.1 1.0 -

Other food at home

271.620 - 281.560 17.2 3.7 -

Food away from home

378.329 - 381.888 7.1 0.9 -

Alcoholic beverages

320.622 - 319.555 1.4 -0.3 -

Housing

376.019 - 377.070 3.5 0.3 -

Shelter

419.160 420.911 420.049 2.1 0.2 -0.2

Rent of primary residence(2)

472.691 474.159 476.384 1.9 0.8 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

446.961 448.998 449.725 2.2 0.6 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

446.961 448.998 449.725 2.2 0.6 0.2

Fuels and utilities

550.501 - 550.167 13.7 -0.1 -

Household energy

517.670 519.182 515.068 20.4 -0.5 -0.8

Energy services(2)

517.210 519.688 515.039 20.0 -0.4 -0.9

Electricity(2)

550.218 550.218 550.218 18.4 0.0 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

450.060 458.078 443.035 31.0 -1.6 -3.3

Household furnishings and operations

164.773 - 167.074 9.5 1.4 -

Apparel

112.123 - 112.328 1.7 0.2 -

Transportation

272.010 - 256.288 13.9 -5.8 -

Private transportation

267.539 - 256.064 13.5 -4.3 -

New and used motor vehicles(4)

120.244 - 121.083 14.6 0.7 -

New vehicles(1)

192.263 - 192.915 17.2 0.3 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

382.697 - 383.123 8.4 0.1 -

Motor fuel

464.377 428.878 391.441 21.3 -15.7 -8.7

Gasoline (all types)

462.242 426.654 389.207 21.0 -15.8 -8.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

464.370 427.949 389.898 21.1 -16.0 -8.9

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

427.736 396.408 362.823 20.9 -15.2 -8.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

429.972 399.432 366.263 20.5 -14.8 -8.3

Medical care

583.038 - 591.731 7.5 1.5 -

Recreation(6)

136.803 - 137.162 3.0 0.3 -

Education and communication(6)

154.646 - 154.392 1.4 -0.2 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,912.142 - 1,889.617 2.5 -1.2 -

Other goods and services

566.163 - 559.463 6.1 -1.2 -

Commodity and service group

All items

330.539 - 328.871 5.7 -0.5 -

Commodities

234.188 - 231.403 9.7 -1.2 -

Commodities less food & beverages

174.223 - 169.379 10.5 -2.8 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

239.095 - 225.306 10.3 -5.8 -

Durables

115.598 - 116.529 11.3 0.8 -

Services

411.724 - 410.978 4.0 -0.2 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

320.094 - 318.049 5.6 -0.6 -

All items less shelter

297.067 - 293.958 8.5 -1.0 -

Commodities less food

181.163 - 176.341 9.9 -2.7 -

Nondurables

293.603 - 288.106 9.5 -1.9 -

Nondurables less food

246.084 - 233.031 9.4 -5.3 -

Services less rent of shelter(3)

425.314 - 421.685 7.2 -0.9 -

Services less medical care services

399.759 - 398.449 3.7 -0.3 -

Energy

488.180 467.318 443.030 20.9 -9.2 -5.2

All items less energy

327.360 - 327.598 4.9 0.1 -

All items less food and energy

325.182 - 324.964 4.1 -0.1 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, September 13, 2022