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News Release Information

22-869-SAN
Wednesday, May 11, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Seattle area — April 2022

Area prices were up 2.1 percent over the past two months, up 9.1 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Seattle area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 2.1 percent for the two months ending in April 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the April increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 9.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices increased 11.4 percent. Energy prices jumped 24.1 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 7.8 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Seattle, April 2019-April 2022

Food

Food prices rose 2.3 percent for the two months ending in April. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home advanced 2.0 percent with higher prices in five of the six grocery categories. Prices for food away from home advanced 2.7 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 11.4 percent. Prices for food at home jumped 13.4 percent since a year ago, led by higher prices for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (21.5 percent). Prices for food away from home increased 8.5 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 11.4 percent for the two months ending in April. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (17.3 percent). Prices for electricity increased 1.3 percent, but prices for natural gas service declined 0.5 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 24.1 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (36.6 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service advanced 7.5 percent, and prices for electricity rose 2.4 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.4 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for shelter (2.4 percent) and recreation (0.8 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for household furnishings and operations (-4.3 percent), apparel (-3.4 percent), and used cars and trucks (-2.0 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 7.8 percent. Components contributing to the increase included used cars and trucks (23.2 percent), household furnishings and operations (16.4 percent), and shelter (6.3 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decrease in education and communication (-0.3 percent).

Table A. Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

0.8 3.3 0.7 2.7 1.0 2.5 1.2 1.7 1.7 8.1

April

0.8 3.3 0.5 2.4 -0.6 1.3 1.1 3.4 2.1 9.1

June

0.8 3.3 0.7 2.3 0.2 0.9 2.2 5.5

August

-0.3 3.1 0.6 3.2 1.4 1.6 1.1 5.2

October

0.4 3.1 -0.6 2.2 -0.1 2.1 1.1 6.5

December

0.2 2.8 -0.3 2.2 -0.4 1.4 0.6 7.6

The June 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Seattle area is scheduled to be released on July 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of King, Pierce, and Snohomish Counties in the State of Washington.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022

Expenditure category

All items

310.078 - 316.525 9.1 2.1 -

All items (1967=100)

945.238 - 964.892 - - -

Food and beverages

323.276 - 329.850 10.8 2.0 -

Food

325.771 - 333.126 11.4 2.3 -

Food at home

300.701 305.711 306.625 13.4 2.0 0.3

Cereals and bakery products

318.062 - 338.091 8.2 6.3 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

284.022 - 292.396 21.5 2.9 -

Dairy and related products

261.116 - 266.293 15.0 2.0 -

Fruits and vegetables

481.628 - 487.282 12.5 1.2 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

394.834 - 387.016 12.6 -2.0 -

Other food at home

231.194 - 234.879 10.2 1.6 -

Food away from home

362.351 - 372.197 8.5 2.7 -

Alcoholic beverages

291.338 - 289.337 4.4 -0.7 -

Housing

364.755 - 370.237 7.5 1.5 -

Shelter

411.594 419.585 421.577 6.3 2.4 0.5

Rent of primary residence(2)

418.196 420.382 422.926 4.4 1.1 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

432.684 434.979 437.631 4.8 1.1 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

432.684 434.979 437.631 4.8 1.1 0.6

Fuels and utilities

301.099 - 304.432 5.8 1.1 -

Household energy

266.456 270.552 272.019 5.7 2.1 0.5

Energy services(2)

312.711 312.711 315.379 3.6 0.9 0.9

Electricity(2)

335.081 335.081 339.355 2.4 1.3 1.3

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

189.151 189.151 188.280 7.5 -0.5 -0.5

Household furnishings and operations

224.168 - 214.495 16.4 -4.3 -

Apparel

135.405 - 130.787 4.5 -3.4 -

Transportation

262.624 - 282.203 19.2 7.5 -

Private transportation

276.602 - 288.548 15.3 4.3 -

New and used motor vehicles(4)

125.576 - 125.939 19.3 0.3 -

New vehicles(1)

212.803 - 214.320 18.4 0.7 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

491.088 - 481.039 23.2 -2.0 -

Motor fuel

451.678 523.572 531.473 37.4 17.7 1.5

Gasoline (all types)

460.626 533.611 540.119 36.6 17.3 1.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

499.042 579.489 586.153 37.0 17.5 1.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

365.829 420.202 426.912 38.9 16.7 1.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

426.808 489.690 497.003 34.9 16.4 1.5

Medical care

433.191 - 431.314 4.0 -0.4 -

Recreation(6)

108.799 - 109.681 10.8 0.8 -

Education and communication(6)

146.763 - 146.364 -0.3 -0.3 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,740.194 - 1,746.965 0.5 0.4 -

Other goods and services

453.134 - 461.256 - 1.8 -

Commodity and service group

All items

310.078 - 316.525 9.1 2.1 -

Commodities

231.174 - 233.872 14.0 1.2 -

Commodities less food & beverages

186.522 - 187.674 16.9 0.6 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

213.570 - 222.981 14.6 4.4 -

Durables

156.204 - 151.932 20.5 -2.7 -

Services

382.345 - 392.328 6.3 2.6 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

304.640 - 311.518 9.5 2.3 -

All items less shelter

270.678 - 275.776 10.7 1.9 -

Commodities less food

190.683 - 191.747 16.0 0.6 -

Nondurables

266.296 - 274.402 12.4 3.0 -

Nondurables less food

220.172 - 228.831 13.5 3.9 -

Services less rent of shelter(3)

355.872 - 365.951 6.2 2.8 -

Services less medical care services

374.470 - 385.022 6.4 2.8 -

Energy

367.371 404.518 409.167 24.1 11.4 1.1

All items less energy

310.447 - 315.291 8.3 1.6 -

All items less food and energy

308.002 - 312.460 7.8 1.4 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a November 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, May 11, 2022