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News Release Information

22-1854-SAN
Tuesday, September 13, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Seattle area — August 2022

Area prices were unchanged over the past two months, up 9.0 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Seattle area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), were unchanged for the two months ending in August 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that a decrease in gasoline prices offset higher prices for shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 9.0 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices advanced 11.6 percent. Energy prices rose 16.0 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 8.2 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Seattle, August 2019-August 2022
Food

Food prices increased 2.6 percent for the two months ending in August. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home increased 1.9 percent, with higher prices in five of the six grocery categories. Prices for food away from home advanced 3.7 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 11.6 percent. Prices for food at home rose 13.3 percent since a year ago. Price increases across food at home expenditure categories ranged from 9.4 percent for cereals and bakery products to 16.8 percent for dairy and related products. Prices for food away from home advanced 9.3 percent.

Energy

The energy index declined 8.0 percent for the two months ending in August. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-11.6 percent). Prices for electricity and natural gas service were both unchanged.

Energy prices rose 16.0 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (23.4 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service increased 6.3 percent, and prices for electricity increased 1.3 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for household furnishings and operations (2.1 percent) and shelter (1.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for medical care (-0.5 percent) and apparel (-0.3 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 8.2 percent. Components contributing to the increase included household furnishings and operations (16.9 percent) and shelter (8.5 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decrease in apparel (-3.8 percent).

Table A. Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

0.8 3.3 0.7 2.7 1.0 2.5 1.2 1.7 1.7 8.1

April

0.8 3.3 0.5 2.4 -0.6 1.3 1.1 3.4 2.1 9.1

June

0.8 3.3 0.7 2.3 0.2 0.9 2.2 5.5 3.2 10.1

August

-0.3 3.1 0.6 3.2 1.4 1.6 1.1 5.2 0.0 9.0

October

0.4 3.1 -0.6 2.2 -0.1 2.1 1.1 6.5

December

0.2 2.8 -0.3 2.2 -0.4 1.4 0.6 7.6

The October 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Seattle area is scheduled to be released on November 10, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of King, Pierce, and Snohomish Counties in the State of Washington.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Jun.
2022
Jul.
2022
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Jun.
2022
Jul.
2022

Expenditure category

All items

326.656 - 326.796 9.0 0.0 -

All items (1967=100)

995.775 - 996.201 - - -

Food and beverages

334.863 - 343.058 10.9 2.4 -

Food

338.402 - 347.244 11.6 2.6 -

Food at home

311.685 317.686 317.676 13.3 1.9 0.0

Cereals and bakery products

340.625 - 353.151 9.4 3.7 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

292.463 - 295.740 13.3 1.1 -

Dairy and related products

279.639 - 279.188 16.8 -0.2 -

Fruits and vegetables

480.029 - 489.192 13.0 1.9 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

389.261 - 396.774 9.6 1.9 -

Other food at home

246.838 - 253.342 16.2 2.6 -

Food away from home

377.700 - 391.714 9.3 3.7 -

Alcoholic beverages

291.419 - 292.460 3.1 0.4 -

Housing

378.686 - 383.475 9.3 1.3 -

Shelter

429.416 429.981 435.149 8.5 1.3 1.2

Rent of primary residence(2)

430.157 432.474 435.210 6.9 1.2 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

445.489 449.548 453.620 8.2 1.8 0.9

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

445.489 449.548 453.620 8.2 1.8 0.9

Fuels and utilities

308.799 - 306.492 5.8 -0.7 -

Household energy

274.415 271.019 271.075 4.3 -1.2 0.0

Energy services(2)

314.462 314.462 314.462 2.5 0.0 0.0

Electricity(2)

338.182 338.182 338.182 1.3 0.0 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

188.061 188.061 188.061 6.3 0.0 0.0

Household furnishings and operations

226.998 - 231.730 16.9 2.1 -

Apparel

130.485 - 130.052 -3.8 -0.3 -

Transportation

311.633 - 294.892 19.3 -5.4 -

Private transportation

317.151 - 311.865 17.5 -1.7 -

New and used motor vehicles(4)

127.216 - 127.788 8.7 0.4 -

New vehicles(1)

215.795 - 218.599 8.2 1.3 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

489.576 - 488.628 7.1 -0.2 -

Motor fuel

614.254 591.911 543.603 24.1 -11.5 -8.2

Gasoline (all types)

624.840 600.784 552.459 23.4 -11.6 -8.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

679.647 652.987 599.563 23.6 -11.8 -8.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

491.680 473.455 437.595 23.0 -11.0 -7.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

569.495 549.300 508.214 22.3 -10.8 -7.5

Medical care

436.559 - 434.543 4.1 -0.5 -

Recreation(6)

111.594 - 112.041 0.2 0.4 -

Education and communication(6)

147.850 - - - - -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

- - - - - -

Other goods and services

465.923 - - - - -

Commodity and service group

All items

326.656 - 326.796 9.0 0.0 -

Commodities

242.855 - 243.877 10.1 0.4 -

Commodities less food & beverages

197.680 - 196.034 9.5 -0.8 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

239.600 - 228.551 10.1 -4.6 -

Durables

156.969 - 161.523 9.2 2.9 -

Services

403.442 - 402.728 8.4 -0.2 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

321.917 - 322.165 9.4 0.1 -

All items less shelter

286.704 - 284.764 9.4 -0.7 -

Commodities less food

201.568 - 199.994 9.2 -0.8 -

Nondurables

285.596 - 283.606 10.7 -0.7 -

Nondurables less food

244.517 - 234.258 9.5 -4.2 -

Services less rent of shelter(3)

380.917 - 372.721 8.3 -2.2 -

Services less medical care services

396.746 - 396.025 8.9 -0.2 -

Energy

450.648 437.922 414.524 16.0 -8.0 -5.3

All items less energy

324.043 - 325.895 8.6 0.6 -

All items less food and energy

321.741 - 322.523 8.2 0.2 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a November 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, September 13, 2022