News Release Information

18-1160-SAN
Thursday, July 12, 2018

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, West Region — June 2018

Area prices were up 0.2 percent over the past month, up 3.6 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), edged up 0.2 percent in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The June increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter, medical care, and gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 3.6 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices jumped 14.0 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 3.2 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices inched down 0.2 percent for the month of June. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home decreased 0.5 percent, while prices for food away from home were virtually unchanged for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 1.6 percent. Prices for food away from home advanced 3.6 percent since a year ago, while prices for food at home were unchanged.

Energy

The energy index increased 0.9 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (1.0 percent). Prices for electricity increased 0.9 percent, but prices for natural gas service decreased 0.6 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 14.0 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (24.3 percent). Prices paid for electricity rose 2.1 percent, but prices for natural gas service decreased 4.1 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent in June. Higher prices for medical care (0.6 percent) and shelter (0.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-2.4 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-0.3 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 3.2 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (4.6 percent) and medical care (4.0 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decline in apparel (-1.3 percent).

Table A. West Region CPI-U monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual

January

0.3 1.7 0.3 1.7 -0.3 0.7 0.5 2.6 0.5 2.5 0.5 3.1

February

0.8 2.0 0.4 1.3 0.6 0.9 0.1 2.1 0.6 3.0 0.5 3.1

March

0.4 1.5 0.6 1.5 0.8 1.1 0.2 1.5 0.3 3.1 0.4 3.2

April

0.0 1.3 0.3 1.8 0.3 1.0 0.5 1.8 0.3 2.9 0.4 3.2

May

0.2 1.3 0.6 2.3 0.8 1.2 0.5 1.5 0.2 2.6 0.5 3.5

June

0.1 1.5 0.1 2.3 0.0 1.1 0.2 1.6 0.0 2.5 0.2 3.6

July

0.0 1.9 0.1 2.3 0.3 1.3 0.1 1.4 0.1 2.5

August

0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.1 -0.1 1.3 0.0 1.5 0.2 2.7

September

0.2 1.3 0.1 2.0 -0.2 1.0 0.3 2.0 0.5 2.9

October

-0.1 0.9 -0.1 2.0 0.0 1.1 0.3 2.3 0.3 2.9

November

-0.4 1.3 -0.6 1.7 -0.2 1.5 -0.2 2.3 0.0 3.1

December

0.0 1.8 -0.5 1.3 -0.1 1.8 0.0 2.5 0.1 3.1

The July 2018 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on August 10, 2018.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Apr.
2018
May
2018
Jun.
2018
Jun.
2017
Apr.
2018
May
2018

Expenditure category

All Items

262.037 263.240 263.732 3.6 0.6 0.2

All items (December 1977=100)

423.568 425.513 426.308      

Food and beverages

259.152 258.988 258.621 1.7 -0.2 -0.1

Food

258.887 258.727 258.236 1.6 -0.3 -0.2

Food at home

246.843 246.051 244.882 0.0 -0.8 -0.5

Cereals and bakery products

257.067 257.138 259.246   0.8 0.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

258.696 255.165 253.607   -2.0 -0.6

Dairy and related products

227.303 225.802 225.572   -0.8 -0.1

Fruits and vegetables

325.959 328.314 321.080   -1.5 -2.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

169.217 168.029 168.188   -0.6 0.1

Other food at home

212.407 212.282 211.942   -0.2 -0.2

Food away from home

274.576 275.231 275.616 3.6 0.4 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

259.285 259.074 260.296 3.0 0.4 0.5

Housing

284.763 285.962 286.923 4.0 0.8 0.3

Shelter

327.549 329.057 330.401 4.6 0.9 0.4

Rent of primary residence(1)

345.911 346.695 348.033 4.6 0.6 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

344.234 345.130 346.374 4.5 0.6 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

344.237 345.138 346.390 4.5 0.6 0.4

Fuels and utilities

296.545 300.626 301.858 1.7 1.8 0.4

Household energy

252.987 257.597 259.055 0.8 2.4 0.6

Energy services(1)

254.807 259.694 261.183 0.7 2.5 0.6

Electricity(1)

286.660 290.388 292.957 2.1 2.2 0.9

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

194.318 202.803 201.537 -4.1 3.7 -0.6

Household furnishings and operations

130.820 129.855 129.427 1.2 -1.1 -0.3

Apparel

120.914 118.820 115.992 -1.3 -4.1 -2.4

Transportation

216.897 220.592 221.744 7.6 2.2 0.5

Private transportation

211.852 215.538 216.718 8.5 2.3 0.5

New and used motor vehicles(3)

100.206 100.389 100.459 -0.2 0.3 0.1

New vehicles

146.001 147.222 147.909 0.0 1.3 0.5

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

101.409 102.250 102.731 0.0 1.3 0.5

New cars(4)

142.395 144.442 144.775 -0.6 1.7 0.2

Used cars and trucks

134.162 133.079 133.492 -1.0 -0.5 0.3

Motor fuel

263.723 276.632 279.527 24.4 6.0 1.0

Gasoline (all types)

262.783 275.640 278.459 24.3 6.0 1.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

260.153 272.991 275.824 24.7 6.0 1.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

249.448 261.436 264.458 23.0 6.0 1.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

256.204 268.167 270.652 22.5 5.6 0.9

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

824.995 835.102 842.944   2.2 0.9

Medical Care

491.184 493.298 496.224 4.0 1.0 0.6

Medical care commodities

379.122 386.046 385.823 4.1 1.8 -0.1

Medical care services

526.431 526.890 530.874 4.0 0.8 0.8

Professional services

358.344 358.466 358.284 3.2 0.0 -0.1

Recreation(3)

113.495 114.078 114.081 1.3 0.5 0.0

Education and communication(3)

135.561 135.799 135.789 0.3 0.2 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,381.239 1,382.887 1,384.425   0.2 0.1

Other goods and services

434.942 434.750 436.019 2.6 0.2 0.3

Commodity and Service Group

All Items

262.037 263.240 263.732 3.6 0.6 0.2

Commodities

185.388 186.094 185.761 3.0 0.2 -0.2

Commodities less food & beverages

148.408 149.403 149.100 3.8 0.5 -0.2

Nondurables less food & beverages

195.852 198.339 197.741 7.7 1.0 -0.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

248.276 254.061 255.085 10.9 2.7 0.4

Durables

105.975 105.794 105.729 -1.4 -0.2 -0.1

Services

332.917 334.595 335.919 4.0 0.9 0.4

Rent of shelter(2)

348.755 350.363 351.787 4.6 0.9 0.4

Transportation services

316.800 319.606 320.245 5.0 1.1 0.2

Other services

347.053 348.412 349.432 2.1 0.7 0.3

Special aggregate indexes:

All items less medical care

251.555 252.716 253.102 3.6 0.6 0.2

All items less food

262.703 264.120 264.765 4.0 0.8 0.2

All items less shelter

236.418 237.502 237.654 3.1 0.5 0.1

Commodities less food

152.555 153.527 153.262 3.8 0.5 -0.2

Nondurables

227.961 229.253 228.753 4.5 0.3 -0.2

Nondurables less food

200.688 203.034 202.538 7.3 0.9 -0.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

249.022 254.233 255.274 10.1 2.5 0.4

Services less rent of shelter(2)

350.002 351.954 353.301 3.2 0.9 0.4

Services less medical care services

319.393 321.147 322.294 4.0 0.9 0.4

Energy

263.443 273.252 275.620 14.0 4.6 0.9

All items less energy

264.114 264.702 265.061 2.9 0.4 0.1

All items less food and energy

265.809 266.526 267.033 3.2 0.5 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

140.387 139.963 139.320 -0.2 -0.8 -0.5

Energy commodities

268.456 281.322 284.236 24.1 5.9 1.0

Services less energy services

338.739 340.249 341.570 4.2 0.8 0.4

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available
Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, July 12, 2018