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19-363-SAN
Tuesday, March 12, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, West Region — February 2019

Area prices were up 0.2 percent over the past month, up 2.4 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), edged up 0.2 percent in February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The February increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter, food, and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 2.4 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices declined 2.0 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices increased 0.3 percent for the month of February. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 0.4 percent, and prices for food away from home increased 0.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 2.6 percent. Prices for food away from home advanced 3.5 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home increased 1.8 percent.

Energy

The energy index decreased 1.5 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-2.1 percent). Prices for natural gas service declined 1.2 percent, and prices for electricity decreased 0.4 percent for the same period.

Energy prices declined 2.0 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-3.3 percent). Prices for natural gas service decreased 0.8 percent, and prices paid for electricity declined 0.3 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.3 percent in February. Higher prices for apparel (1.4 percent), household furnishings and operations (0.9 percent), and shelter (0.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for recreation (-0.8 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.7 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (4.2 percent) and medical care (2.8 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decline in apparel (-3.2 percent).

Table A. West region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.3 0.7 0.5 2.6 0.5 2.5 0.5 3.1 0.2 2.7

February

0.6 0.9 0.1 2.1 0.6 3.0 0.5 3.1 0.2 2.4

March

0.8 1.1 0.2 1.5 0.3 3.1 0.4 3.2

April

0.3 1.0 0.5 1.8 0.3 2.9 0.4 3.2

May

0.8 1.2 0.5 1.5 0.2 2.6 0.5 3.5

June

0.0 1.1 0.2 1.6 0.0 2.5 0.2 3.6

July

0.3 1.3 0.1 1.4 0.1 2.5 0.1 3.6

August

-0.1 1.3 0.0 1.5 0.2 2.7 0.2 3.6

September

-0.2 1.0 0.3 2.0 0.5 2.9 0.3 3.4

October

0.0 1.1 0.3 2.3 0.3 2.9 0.4 3.5

November

-0.2 1.5 -0.2 2.3 0.0 3.1 -0.2 3.3

December

-0.1 1.8 0.0 2.5 0.1 3.1 -0.2 3.1

The March 2019 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on April 10, 2019.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Feb.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019

Expenditure category

All Items

265.209 265.624 266.215 2.4 0.4 0.2

All items (December 1977=100)

428.696 429.366 430.322      

Food and beverages

262.181 263.345 264.248 2.6 0.8 0.3

Food

261.855 263.047 263.967 2.6 0.8 0.3

Food at home

248.218 249.310 250.208 1.8 0.8 0.4

Cereals and bakery products

261.853 262.666 263.999 3.1 0.8 0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

257.246 257.439 257.040 1.3 -0.1 -0.2

Dairy and related products

226.828 228.486 228.867 1.3 0.9 0.2

Fruits and vegetables

331.647 334.573 334.891 2.3 1.0 0.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

172.432 175.277 175.763 2.9 1.9 0.3

Other food at home

211.872 211.549 213.704 0.9 0.9 1.0

Food away from home

279.600 280.922 281.872 3.5 0.8 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

263.056 263.861 264.525 3.0 0.6 0.3

Housing

291.204 292.683 293.930 3.8 0.9 0.4

Shelter

336.308 337.955 339.427 4.2 0.9 0.4

Rent of primary residence(1)

357.850 358.907 359.909 4.6 0.6 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

354.193 355.581 356.837 4.3 0.7 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

354.199 355.586 356.844 4.3 0.7 0.4

Fuels and utilities

298.971 299.677 299.218 1.4 0.1 -0.2

Household energy

252.425 252.252 250.987 -0.3 -0.6 -0.5

Energy services(1)

254.277 253.980 252.537 -0.4 -0.7 -0.6

Electricity(1)

285.289 284.146 282.977 -0.3 -0.8 -0.4

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

195.999 197.947 195.624 -0.8 -0.2 -1.2

Household furnishings and operations

131.016 132.196 133.324 2.7 1.8 0.9

Apparel

113.373 114.914 116.537 -3.2 2.8 1.4

Transportation

215.713 212.839 212.308 0.2 -1.6 -0.2

Private transportation

211.645 208.593 207.509 0.4 -2.0 -0.5

New and used motor vehicles(3)

100.103 100.415 100.349 0.0 0.2 -0.1

New vehicles

147.735 148.085 148.132 0.6 0.3 0.0

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

102.607 102.848 102.877 0.6 0.3 0.0

New cars(4)

145.307 145.533 145.594 1.3 0.2 0.0

Used cars and trucks

132.951 133.580 134.124 1.0 0.9 0.4

Motor fuel

255.210 239.968 234.893 -3.2 -8.0 -2.1

Gasoline (all types)

253.747 238.517 233.532 -3.3 -8.0 -2.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

250.792 235.515 230.505 -3.4 -8.1 -2.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

244.108 230.099 224.213 -2.8 -8.2 -2.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

249.022 235.203 230.957 -2.8 -7.3 -1.8

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

852.986 854.341 854.341 4.5 0.2 0.0

Medical Care

500.699 502.208 502.117 2.8 0.3 0.0

Medical care commodities

385.342 384.030 382.849 0.7 -0.6 -0.3

Medical care services

537.012 539.474 539.756 3.3 0.5 0.1

Professional services

355.554 356.295 356.672 0.0 0.3 0.1

Recreation(3)

115.330 115.443 114.556 0.9 -0.7 -0.8

Education and communication(3)

137.114 136.832 137.144 1.2 0.0 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,458.000 1,460.073 1,460.060 5.9 0.1 0.0

Other goods and services

439.672 441.881 443.306 2.2 0.8 0.3

Commodity and Service Group

All Items

265.209 265.624 266.215 2.4 0.4 0.2

Commodities

184.375 183.890 184.186 0.6 -0.1 0.2

Commodities less food & beverages

145.936 144.858 144.913 -0.7 -0.7 0.0

Nondurables less food & beverages

190.829 187.921 187.345 -1.6 -1.8 -0.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

245.129 239.022 236.860 -1.0 -3.4 -0.9

Durables

105.547 105.906 106.438 0.6 0.8 0.5

Services

340.293 341.620 342.496 3.4 0.6 0.3

Rent of shelter(2)

358.088 359.855 361.431 4.3 0.9 0.4

Transportation services

317.832 318.519 320.168 1.8 0.7 0.5

Other services

355.347 356.032 355.631 2.5 0.1 -0.1

Special aggregate indexes:

All items less medical care

254.447 254.814 255.433 2.4 0.4 0.2

All items less food

265.909 266.202 266.743 2.4 0.3 0.2

All items less shelter

237.358 237.279 237.518 1.4 0.1 0.1

Commodities less food

150.229 149.192 149.264 -0.5 -0.6 0.0

Nondurables

226.607 225.549 225.652 0.7 -0.4 0.0

Nondurables less food

196.144 193.433 192.926 -1.2 -1.6 -0.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

246.533 241.088 239.195 -0.6 -3.0 -0.8

Services less rent of shelter(2)

355.727 356.645 356.735 2.3 0.3 0.0

Services less medical care services

326.541 327.790 328.703 3.4 0.7 0.3

Energy

257.960 248.473 244.834 -2.0 -5.1 -1.5

All items less energy

267.943 269.081 269.986 2.7 0.8 0.3

All items less food and energy

269.797 270.930 271.834 2.7 0.8 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

138.775 139.403 140.075 0.1 0.9 0.5

Energy commodities

259.887 244.677 239.672 -3.1 -7.8 -2.0

Services less energy services

346.582 348.004 349.012 3.5 0.7 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available
Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, March 12, 2019