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19-1262-SAN
Thursday, July 11, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, West Region — June 2019

Area prices were unchanged over the past month, up 2.7 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), were unchanged in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) During this period higher shelter prices helped counter lower gasoline prices. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 2.7 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices increased 0.8 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.9 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices inched down 0.2 percent for the month of June. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home decreased 0.5 percent, while prices for food away from home were virtually unchanged for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 2.7 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 3.4 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home rose 2.1 percent.

Energy

The energy index decreased 2.5 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-4.4 percent). Prices for natural gas service declined 0.7 percent, but prices for electricity increased 1.4 percent for the same period.

Energy prices increased 0.8 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (1.0 percent). Prices paid for electricity rose 1.7 percent, but prices for natural gas service decreased 2.7 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in June. Higher prices were reported for household furnishings and operations (0.8 percent), new and used vehicles (0.7 percent), and shelter (0.4 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.9 percent. Components contributing to the increase included tuition, other school fees, and childcare (6.2 percent), shelter (4.5 percent), and medical care (2.3 percent).

Table A. West region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.3 0.7 0.5 2.6 0.5 2.5 0.5 3.1 0.2 2.7

February

0.6 0.9 0.1 2.1 0.6 3.0 0.5 3.1 0.2 2.4

March

0.8 1.1 0.2 1.5 0.3 3.1 0.4 3.2 0.4 2.4

April

0.3 1.0 0.5 1.8 0.3 2.9 0.4 3.2 0.8 2.9

May

0.8 1.2 0.5 1.5 0.2 2.6 0.5 3.5 0.5 2.9

June

0.0 1.1 0.2 1.6 0.0 2.5 0.2 3.6 0.0 2.7

July

0.3 1.3 0.1 1.4 0.1 2.5 0.1 3.6

August

-0.1 1.3 0.0 1.5 0.2 2.7 0.2 3.6

September

-0.2 1.0 0.3 2.0 0.5 2.9 0.3 3.4

October

0.0 1.1 0.3 2.3 0.3 2.9 0.4 3.5

November

-0.2 1.5 -0.2 2.3 0.0 3.1 -0.2 3.3

December

-0.1 1.8 0.0 2.5 0.1 3.1 -0.2 3.1

The July 2019 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on August 13, 2019.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Apr.
2019
May
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2018
Apr.
2019
May
2019

Expenditure category

All Items

269.522 270.880 270.957 2.7 0.5 0.0

All items (December 1977=100)

435.668 437.862 437.988      

Food and beverages

265.309 265.812 265.355 2.6 0.0 -0.2

Food

265.213 265.728 265.176 2.7 0.0 -0.2

Food at home

250.761 251.223 250.038 2.1 -0.3 -0.5

Cereals and bakery products

268.815 269.246 264.712 2.1 -1.5 -1.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

258.895 259.650 258.131 1.8 -0.3 -0.6

Dairy and related products

227.794 230.481 228.742 1.4 0.4 -0.8

Fruits and vegetables

336.582 335.637 331.796 3.3 -1.4 -1.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

174.734 174.776 173.807 3.3 -0.5 -0.6

Other food at home

212.510 212.768 214.621 1.3 1.0 0.9

Food away from home

284.010 284.595 284.858 3.4 0.3 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

263.201 263.539 264.303 1.5 0.4 0.3

Housing

295.968 297.487 298.844 4.2 1.0 0.5

Shelter

342.714 343.752 345.131 4.5 0.7 0.4

Rent of primary residence(1)

363.035 363.623 365.456 5.0 0.7 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

359.596 360.524 362.056 4.5 0.7 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

359.608 360.538 362.070 4.5 0.7 0.4

Fuels and utilities

300.944 306.620 308.287 2.1 2.4 0.5

Household energy

252.052 258.796 260.849 0.7 3.5 0.8

Energy services(1)

253.686 260.761 263.219 0.8 3.8 0.9

Electricity(1)

285.156 293.840 297.814 1.7 4.4 1.4

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

194.118 197.563 196.190 -2.7 1.1 -0.7

Household furnishings and operations

131.321 132.761 133.881 3.4 1.9 0.8

Apparel

118.039 116.675 116.627 0.5 -1.2 0.0

Transportation

222.493 226.846 224.419 1.2 0.9 -1.1

Private transportation

217.909 221.540 219.151 1.1 0.6 -1.1

New and used motor vehicles(3)

100.217 100.135 100.820 0.4 0.6 0.7

New vehicles

147.416 148.318 148.396 0.3 0.7 0.1

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

102.368 102.987 103.042 0.3 0.7 0.1

New cars(4)

144.981 146.045 146.120 0.9 0.8 0.1

Used cars and trucks

135.162 134.113 135.604 1.6 0.3 1.1

Motor fuel

278.896 294.800 282.052 0.9 1.1 -4.3

Gasoline (all types)

278.093 294.057 281.204 1.0 1.1 -4.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

275.236 291.448 278.231 0.9 1.1 -4.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

264.429 278.754 268.635 1.6 1.6 -3.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

271.420 285.004 274.354 1.4 1.1 -3.7

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

851.247 851.108 848.406 0.6 -0.3 -0.3

Medical Care

507.429 507.396 507.872 2.3 0.1 0.1

Medical care commodities

386.605 389.466 386.900 0.3 0.1 -0.7

Medical care services

545.566 544.546 546.057 2.9 0.1 0.3

Professional services

359.178 359.646 359.820 0.4 0.2 0.0

Recreation(3)

115.022 114.357 114.477 0.3 -0.5 0.1

Education and communication(3)

136.774 136.854 137.108 1.0 0.2 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,460.406 1,466.132 1,470.221 6.2 0.7 0.3

Other goods and services

445.412 446.490 446.371 2.4 0.2 0.0

Commodity and Service Group

All Items

269.522 270.880 270.957 2.7 0.5 0.0

Commodities

187.966 189.555 188.537 1.5 0.3 -0.5

Commodities less food & beverages

149.518 151.431 150.255 0.8 0.5 -0.8

Nondurables less food & beverages

198.966 202.457 199.088 0.7 0.1 -1.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

255.702 262.679 256.935 0.7 0.5 -2.2

Durables

105.515 106.148 106.688 0.9 1.1 0.5

Services

345.218 346.298 347.500 3.4 0.7 0.3

Rent of shelter(2)

364.974 366.086 367.550 4.5 0.7 0.4

Transportation services

322.512 325.305 325.504 1.6 0.9 0.1

Other services

356.482 355.680 356.563 2.0 0.0 0.2

Special aggregate indexes:

All items less medical care

258.646 260.060 260.120 2.8 0.6 0.0

All items less food

270.374 271.864 272.040 2.7 0.6 0.1

All items less shelter

240.842 242.331 241.887 1.8 0.4 -0.2

Commodities less food

153.749 155.636 154.502 0.8 0.5 -0.7

Nondurables

232.532 234.684 232.620 1.7 0.0 -0.9

Nondurables less food

203.867 207.196 204.046 0.7 0.1 -1.5

Nondurables less food and apparel

256.106 262.447 257.326 0.8 0.5 -2.0

Services less rent of shelter(2)

358.724 359.883 360.887 2.1 0.6 0.3

Services less medical care services

331.216 332.431 333.608 3.5 0.7 0.4

Energy

272.448 284.955 277.892 0.8 2.0 -2.5

All items less energy

271.552 272.109 272.707 2.9 0.4 0.2

All items less food and energy

273.459 274.026 274.823 2.9 0.5 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

139.924 140.177 140.433 0.8 0.4 0.2

Energy commodities

283.769 299.649 286.653 0.9 1.0 -4.3

Services less energy services

351.832 352.589 353.727 3.6 0.5 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available
Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, July 11, 2019