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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-2. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2019 2020 2021 2022
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

200,446 200,660 200,953 201,251 200,969 201,156 201,417 201,681 201,612 201,748 201,971 202,195 202,875

Civilian labor force

126,301 126,170 126,779 127,123 126,737 122,616 124,096 124,316 123,832 123,938 124,235 124,579 126,095

Participation rate

63.0 62.9 63.1 63.2 63.1 61.0 61.6 61.6 61.4 61.4 61.5 61.6 62.2

Employed

122,085 122,086 122,540 123,028 122,517 107,727 114,325 116,835 116,982 117,487 118,624 120,070 121,940

Employment-population ratio

60.9 60.8 61.0 61.1 61.0 53.6 56.8 57.9 58.0 58.2 58.7 59.4 60.1

Unemployed

4,215 4,084 4,239 4,096 4,220 14,889 9,771 7,481 6,850 6,451 5,611 4,509 4,155

Unemployment rate

3.3 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.3 12.1 7.9 6.0 5.5 5.2 4.5 3.6 3.3

Not in labor force

74,145 74,490 74,173 74,127 74,232 78,541 77,321 77,365 77,780 77,810 77,736 77,617 76,780

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,982 66,003 66,065 66,099 65,924 64,193 64,722 64,771 64,458 64,569 64,862 64,889 65,922

Participation rate

71.9 71.8 71.8 71.7 71.6 69.6 70.1 70.0 69.7 69.8 70.0 69.9 70.4

Employed

63,987 64,053 64,077 64,164 63,885 57,377 60,036 60,977 61,007 61,225 61,967 62,752 63,883

Employment-population ratio

69.7 69.7 69.6 69.6 69.4 62.2 65.0 65.9 66.0 66.2 66.9 67.6 68.2

Unemployed

1,995 1,950 1,988 1,935 2,039 6,815 4,686 3,794 3,451 3,344 2,896 2,137 2,039

Unemployment rate

3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.1 10.6 7.2 5.9 5.4 5.2 4.5 3.3 3.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,763 55,637 56,087 56,380 56,120 54,299 54,935 54,874 54,695 54,697 54,753 55,049 55,285

Participation rate

57.8 57.7 58.0 58.2 58.0 56.1 56.7 56.5 56.4 56.3 56.3 56.5 57.1

Employed

54,068 54,011 54,381 54,750 54,444 47,358 50,561 51,814 51,904 52,048 52,491 53,108 53,608

Employment-population ratio

56.1 56.0 56.3 56.6 56.3 48.9 52.2 53.4 53.5 53.6 54.0 54.5 55.4

Unemployed

1,695 1,625 1,705 1,631 1,676 6,941 4,374 3,061 2,791 2,648 2,263 1,941 1,677

Unemployment rate

3.0 2.9 3.0 2.9 3.0 12.8 8.0 5.6 5.1 4.8 4.1 3.5 3.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,556 4,530 4,627 4,644 4,693 4,124 4,440 4,671 4,679 4,672 4,619 4,641 4,887

Participation rate

37.2 37.0 37.8 38.0 38.5 33.9 36.6 38.5 38.7 38.7 38.3 38.5 39.2

Employed

4,031 4,022 4,082 4,114 4,188 2,992 3,729 4,044 4,071 4,213 4,166 4,210 4,449

Employment-population ratio

32.9 32.8 33.3 33.6 34.4 24.6 30.7 33.3 33.7 34.9 34.5 34.9 35.7

Unemployed

525 508 545 530 504 1,133 711 626 607 459 453 431 439

Unemployment rate

11.5 11.2 11.8 11.4 10.7 27.5 16.0 13.4 13.0 9.8 9.8 9.3 9.0

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

32,897 32,984 33,081 33,184 33,211 33,295 33,386 33,485 33,511 33,573 33,646 33,724 34,004

Civilian labor force

20,571 20,529 20,641 20,775 20,800 19,770 20,044 20,149 20,232 20,568 20,579 20,516 21,112

Participation rate

62.5 62.2 62.4 62.6 62.6 59.4 60.0 60.2 60.4 61.3 61.2 60.8 62.1

Employed

19,164 19,269 19,504 19,581 19,477 16,568 17,418 18,043 18,311 18,646 18,887 19,054 19,724

Employment-population ratio

58.3 58.4 59.0 59.0 58.6 49.8 52.2 53.9 54.6 55.5 56.1 56.5 58.0

Unemployed

1,406 1,260 1,138 1,194 1,323 3,202 2,626 2,106 1,920 1,921 1,692 1,462 1,388

Unemployment rate

6.8 6.1 5.5 5.7 6.4 16.2 13.1 10.5 9.5 9.3 8.2 7.1 6.6

Not in labor force

12,326 12,455 12,439 12,409 12,411 13,525 13,342 13,336 13,280 13,005 13,066 13,208 12,892

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,404 9,407 9,488 9,503 9,466 8,998 9,221 9,239 9,369 9,513 9,424 9,441 9,841

Participation rate

68.1 67.9 68.2 68.1 67.7 64.1 65.5 65.4 66.2 67.1 66.3 66.2 68.1

Employed

8,741 8,845 8,956 8,988 8,867 7,579 7,959 8,209 8,457 8,568 8,625 8,736 9,214

Employment-population ratio

63.3 63.8 64.4 64.4 63.4 54.0 56.5 58.1 59.8 60.4 60.6 61.3 63.8

Unemployed

663 562 532 514 600 1,419 1,262 1,030 912 946 799 704 627

Unemployment rate

7.0 6.0 5.6 5.4 6.3 15.8 13.7 11.1 9.7 9.9 8.5 7.5 6.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,372 10,415 10,420 10,541 10,585 10,063 10,122 10,186 10,148 10,325 10,402 10,376 10,558

Participation rate

62.4 62.5 62.3 62.8 63.0 59.7 59.9 60.1 59.8 60.7 61.1 60.8 61.8

Employed

9,818 9,875 9,938 10,007 10,039 8,491 8,909 9,265 9,267 9,453 9,623 9,756 9,945

Employment-population ratio

59.1 59.3 59.4 59.7 59.8 50.4 52.7 54.7 54.6 55.6 56.5 57.1 58.2

Unemployed

554 540 482 534 547 1,573 1,213 921 881 872 779 620 613

Unemployment rate

5.3 5.2 4.6 5.1 5.2 15.6 12.0 9.0 8.7 8.4 7.5 6.0 5.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

794 706 733 732 748 708 701 724 715 729 753 699 713

Participation rate

32.1 28.6 29.8 29.8 30.7 29.3 29.1 30.1 29.9 30.5 31.6 29.3 28.8

Employed

605 549 610 586 572 498 550 569 587 625 639 561 566

Employment-population ratio

24.5 22.3 24.8 23.9 23.5 20.6 22.8 23.6 24.5 26.2 26.8 23.5 22.9

Unemployed

189 158 124 146 176 211 151 155 128 104 114 138 147

Unemployment rate

23.8 22.3 16.9 20.0 23.5 29.7 21.6 21.5 17.9 14.2 15.1 19.7 20.6

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

16,111 16,403 16,411 16,480 16,339 16,406 16,562 16,561 16,514 16,496 16,537 16,537 16,829

Civilian labor force

10,361 10,378 10,484 10,612 10,444 10,038 10,493 10,345 10,353 10,423 10,638 10,763 10,732

Participation rate

64.3 63.3 63.9 64.4 63.9 61.2 63.4 62.5 62.7 63.2 64.3 65.1 63.8

Employed

10,046 10,142 10,206 10,319 10,112 8,599 9,395 9,638 9,747 9,836 10,147 10,333 10,394

Employment-population ratio

62.4 61.8 62.2 62.6 61.9 52.4 56.7 58.2 59.0 59.6 61.4 62.5 61.8

Unemployed

315 236 278 293 333 1,439 1,098 707 607 587 491 430 338

Unemployment rate

3.0 2.3 2.7 2.8 3.2 14.3 10.5 6.8 5.9 5.6 4.6 4.0 3.1

Not in labor force

5,751 6,025 5,927 5,868 5,895 6,368 6,068 6,216 6,161 6,073 5,899 5,774 6,097

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

43,126 43,371 43,630 43,900 43,819 44,053 44,300 44,558 44,586 44,787 45,005 45,231 45,814

Civilian labor force

28,831 28,733 29,130 29,509 29,614 28,340 28,795 29,155 29,087 29,207 29,511 29,842 30,452

Participation rate

66.9 66.3 66.8 67.2 67.6 64.3 65.0 65.4 65.2 65.2 65.6 66.0 66.5

Employed

27,525 27,531 27,903 28,255 28,177 23,536 25,551 26,541 26,704 27,061 27,672 28,274 29,079

Employment-population ratio

63.8 63.5 64.0 64.4 64.3 53.4 57.7 59.6 59.9 60.4 61.5 62.5 63.5

Unemployed

1,306 1,202 1,227 1,254 1,438 4,805 3,244 2,613 2,383 2,146 1,839 1,568 1,373

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.9 17.0 11.3 9.0 8.2 7.3 6.2 5.3 4.5

Not in labor force

14,294 14,637 14,500 14,391 14,205 15,713 15,505 15,403 15,499 15,580 15,493 15,390 15,362

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

15,701 15,674 15,736 15,914 15,969 15,486 15,719 15,985 15,874 16,032 16,249 16,300 16,635

Participation rate

80.7 80.1 79.9 80.3 80.7 77.9 78.6 79.4 78.8 79.2 79.9 79.7 80.1

Employed

15,115 15,119 15,188 15,393 15,363 13,188 14,140 14,638 14,695 14,976 15,325 15,557 15,977

Employment-population ratio

77.7 77.2 77.1 77.7 77.7 66.3 70.7 72.7 72.9 74.0 75.4 76.1 77.0

Unemployed

586 556 548 521 606 2,298 1,579 1,346 1,180 1,056 923 743 658

Unemployment rate

3.7 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.8 14.8 10.0 8.4 7.4 6.6 5.7 4.6 4.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,873 11,836 12,087 12,247 12,308 11,619 11,796 11,811 11,842 11,915 11,976 12,171 12,421

Participation rate

60.3 59.7 60.6 61.0 61.4 57.6 58.2 57.9 58.0 58.1 58.1 58.8 59.7

Employed

11,359 11,371 11,610 11,719 11,681 9,520 10,398 10,771 10,872 11,010 11,246 11,529 11,842

Employment-population ratio

57.7 57.4 58.2 58.4 58.3 47.2 51.3 52.8 53.3 53.7 54.6 55.7 56.9

Unemployed

514 466 478 529 627 2,098 1,398 1,040 970 905 730 642 579

Unemployment rate

4.3 3.9 4.0 4.3 5.1 18.1 11.9 8.8 8.2 7.6 6.1 5.3 4.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,257 1,223 1,307 1,347 1,337 1,235 1,280 1,360 1,371 1,260 1,287 1,371 1,396

Participation rate

31.7 30.7 32.7 33.6 33.4 30.8 31.8 33.7 34.0 31.2 31.7 33.7 33.0

Employed

1,051 1,042 1,105 1,143 1,132 827 1,013 1,132 1,138 1,075 1,101 1,188 1,260

Employment-population ratio

26.5 26.2 27.7 28.5 28.3 20.6 25.2 28.0 28.3 26.6 27.2 29.2 29.8

Unemployed

206 181 201 204 204 408 267 227 233 185 186 183 136

Unemployment rate

16.4 14.8 15.4 15.1 15.3 33.0 20.9 16.7 17.0 14.7 14.5 13.3 9.8

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: April 01, 2022