HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-2. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2015 2016 2017 2018
3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

197,027 197,373 197,722 198,017 198,381 198,741 198,527 198,777 199,082 199,381 199,803 200,040 200,356

Civilian labor force

123,372 123,732 124,657 124,545 124,730 124,724 124,833 124,783 125,105 125,022 125,659 125,734 125,503

Participation rate

62.6 62.7 63.0 62.9 62.9 62.8 62.9 62.8 62.8 62.7 62.9 62.9 62.6

Employed

117,909 118,303 119,313 119,204 119,354 119,405 119,745 120,052 120,427 120,489 121,132 121,294 121,310

Employment-population ratio

59.8 59.9 60.3 60.2 60.2 60.1 60.3 60.4 60.5 60.4 60.6 60.6 60.5

Unemployed

5,463 5,429 5,344 5,341 5,376 5,319 5,088 4,730 4,678 4,534 4,527 4,440 4,193

Unemployment rate

4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.3

Not in labor force

73,655 73,641 73,065 73,472 73,651 74,017 73,694 73,995 73,978 74,359 74,144 74,306 74,853

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,678 64,660 65,123 65,083 65,273 65,220 65,256 65,246 65,267 65,383 65,870 65,909 65,577

Participation rate

71.9 71.7 72.1 71.9 72.0 71.8 71.9 71.8 71.7 71.7 72.0 72.0 71.5

Employed

62,010 62,036 62,579 62,520 62,597 62,618 62,787 62,976 63,028 63,248 63,642 63,742 63,602

Employment-population ratio

68.9 68.8 69.3 69.1 69.1 68.9 69.2 69.3 69.3 69.4 69.6 69.6 69.3

Unemployed

2,668 2,624 2,544 2,564 2,677 2,602 2,468 2,270 2,239 2,135 2,227 2,167 1,975

Unemployment rate

4.1 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,289 54,606 54,910 54,886 54,803 54,892 55,003 54,965 55,337 55,107 55,105 55,265 55,394

Participation rate

57.3 57.5 57.8 57.7 57.5 57.4 57.6 57.5 57.8 57.5 57.4 57.5 57.5

Employed

52,110 52,432 52,763 52,746 52,766 52,814 52,962 53,038 53,412 53,305 53,362 53,496 53,687

Employment-population ratio

55.0 55.2 55.5 55.4 55.3 55.3 55.5 55.5 55.8 55.6 55.6 55.6 55.7

Unemployed

2,179 2,174 2,147 2,140 2,037 2,078 2,041 1,927 1,925 1,802 1,743 1,770 1,707

Unemployment rate

4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,405 4,466 4,624 4,575 4,653 4,612 4,575 4,572 4,501 4,532 4,685 4,560 4,532

Participation rate

35.8 36.3 37.5 37.1 37.7 37.3 37.1 37.0 36.5 36.7 38.0 37.0 36.8

Employed

3,789 3,835 3,971 3,938 3,991 3,973 3,996 4,038 3,987 3,936 4,127 4,057 4,021

Employment-population ratio

30.8 31.1 32.2 31.9 32.3 32.2 32.4 32.7 32.3 31.9 33.5 32.9 32.7

Unemployed

616 631 653 637 662 639 579 534 513 596 557 504 511

Unemployment rate

14.0 14.1 14.1 13.9 14.2 13.9 12.7 11.7 11.4 13.2 11.9 11.0 11.3

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

31,439 31,556 31,716 31,828 31,946 32,067 32,095 32,193 32,296 32,403 32,607 32,704 32,810

Civilian labor force

19,344 19,424 19,508 19,474 19,718 19,848 19,993 20,054 20,149 20,154 20,391 20,293 20,471

Participation rate

61.5 61.6 61.5 61.2 61.7 61.9 62.3 62.3 62.4 62.2 62.5 62.1 62.4

Employed

17,561 17,689 17,787 17,796 18,094 18,247 18,406 18,544 18,676 18,721 18,934 19,010 19,177

Employment-population ratio

55.9 56.1 56.1 55.9 56.6 56.9 57.3 57.6 57.8 57.8 58.1 58.1 58.4

Unemployed

1,783 1,735 1,721 1,677 1,623 1,600 1,587 1,509 1,473 1,433 1,457 1,284 1,293

Unemployment rate

9.2 8.9 8.8 8.6 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.5 7.3 7.1 7.1 6.3 6.3

Not in labor force

12,095 12,132 12,208 12,355 12,228 12,220 12,103 12,140 12,148 12,250 12,216 12,411 12,339

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,755 8,773 8,875 8,969 8,985 9,029 9,109 9,104 9,224 9,207 9,335 9,267 9,362

Participation rate

67.0 66.9 67.3 67.7 67.5 67.6 68.0 67.8 68.4 68.0 68.4 67.7 68.1

Employed

7,970 7,974 8,121 8,202 8,267 8,322 8,396 8,486 8,561 8,556 8,731 8,676 8,802

Employment-population ratio

61.0 60.8 61.5 61.9 62.1 62.3 62.7 63.2 63.5 63.2 64.0 63.4 64.0

Unemployed

784 799 754 767 719 706 713 618 663 651 604 591 561

Unemployment rate

9.0 9.1 8.5 8.5 8.0 7.8 7.8 6.8 7.2 7.1 6.5 6.4 6.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,900 9,939 9,894 9,773 9,993 10,109 10,136 10,172 10,152 10,225 10,263 10,289 10,405

Participation rate

62.3 62.3 61.8 60.8 62.0 62.4 62.6 62.6 62.3 62.5 62.4 62.3 62.8

Employed

9,104 9,175 9,112 9,077 9,280 9,403 9,450 9,476 9,516 9,613 9,620 9,766 9,811

Employment-population ratio

57.3 57.5 56.9 56.5 57.5 58.1 58.4 58.3 58.4 58.8 58.5 59.2 59.2

Unemployed

796 764 783 696 713 706 685 697 636 612 643 523 594

Unemployment rate

8.0 7.7 7.9 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.3 6.0 6.3 5.1 5.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

690 712 739 732 739 710 748 777 772 722 793 737 704

Participation rate

27.7 28.6 29.6 29.2 29.4 28.2 29.8 30.9 30.8 28.8 31.6 29.5 28.2

Employed

487 540 554 517 547 522 559 582 599 552 582 567 564

Employment-population ratio

19.6 21.7 22.2 20.6 21.8 20.7 22.2 23.2 23.9 22.0 23.2 22.7 22.6

Unemployed

203 172 185 215 192 188 189 195 173 170 210 170 139

Unemployment rate

29.4 24.2 25.0 29.3 25.9 26.5 25.3 25.0 22.5 23.5 26.5 23.0 19.8

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

14,535 14,490 14,900 14,941 15,275 15,367 15,223 15,396 15,371 15,482 15,835 15,914 16,009

Civilian labor force

9,069 9,099 9,378 9,467 9,693 9,707 9,667 9,787 9,883 9,781 9,962 10,035 10,237

Participation rate

62.4 62.8 62.9 63.4 63.5 63.2 63.5 63.6 64.3 63.2 62.9 63.1 63.9

Employed

8,740 8,746 9,019 9,111 9,314 9,408 9,328 9,449 9,511 9,503 9,660 9,764 9,909

Employment-population ratio

60.1 60.4 60.5 61.0 61.0 61.2 61.3 61.4 61.9 61.4 61.0 61.4 61.9

Unemployed

329 353 358 356 379 299 339 338 372 279 302 271 328

Unemployment rate

3.6 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.8 2.8 3.0 2.7 3.2

Not in labor force

5,466 5,391 5,523 5,475 5,582 5,660 5,556 5,609 5,488 5,701 5,874 5,878 5,771

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

39,738 40,004 40,301 40,559 40,826 41,101 41,002 41,242 41,492 41,749 42,334 42,593 42,863

Civilian labor force

26,077 26,237 26,617 26,623 26,939 27,006 27,227 27,249 27,474 27,402 27,923 28,268 28,361

Participation rate

65.6 65.6 66.0 65.6 66.0 65.7 66.4 66.1 66.2 65.6 66.0 66.4 66.2

Employed

24,366 24,589 25,119 25,053 25,374 25,449 25,730 25,872 26,070 26,076 26,526 26,921 27,069

Employment-population ratio

61.3 61.5 62.3 61.8 62.2 61.9 62.8 62.7 62.8 62.5 62.7 63.2 63.2

Unemployed

1,711 1,648 1,498 1,570 1,565 1,557 1,497 1,377 1,404 1,326 1,396 1,346 1,292

Unemployment rate

6.6 6.3 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.1 5.1 4.8 5.0 4.8 4.6

Not in labor force

13,661 13,767 13,684 13,936 13,886 14,095 13,775 13,993 14,018 14,347 14,412 14,325 14,502

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,411 14,443 14,691 14,691 14,851 14,866 14,929 14,945 15,069 15,004 15,336 15,512 15,452

Participation rate

80.4 80.1 80.9 80.4 80.7 80.2 80.9 80.5 80.7 79.8 80.3 80.7 79.9

Employed

13,619 13,686 13,988 13,998 14,114 14,122 14,246 14,336 14,409 14,429 14,690 14,902 14,896

Employment-population ratio

76.0 75.9 77.0 76.6 76.7 76.2 77.2 77.2 77.1 76.8 76.9 77.5 77.0

Unemployed

792 757 703 694 736 744 683 609 660 575 646 610 556

Unemployment rate

5.5 5.2 4.8 4.7 5.0 5.0 4.6 4.1 4.4 3.8 4.2 3.9 3.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,557 10,671 10,733 10,736 10,924 10,980 11,090 11,054 11,178 11,186 11,299 11,510 11,650

Participation rate

58.3 58.5 58.4 58.0 58.6 58.5 59.2 58.7 59.0 58.6 58.5 59.2 59.5

Employed

9,847 9,979 10,133 10,072 10,286 10,374 10,477 10,464 10,602 10,625 10,743 10,946 11,104

Employment-population ratio

54.4 54.7 55.1 54.4 55.2 55.3 56.0 55.5 55.9 55.7 55.6 56.3 56.7

Unemployed

709 692 600 664 638 606 613 590 576 561 556 564 546

Unemployment rate

6.7 6.5 5.6 6.2 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,109 1,124 1,193 1,195 1,165 1,160 1,207 1,249 1,227 1,212 1,287 1,245 1,259

Participation rate

29.9 30.2 31.9 31.7 30.7 30.5 31.6 32.6 31.8 31.3 32.9 31.7 31.9

Employed

900 924 999 983 973 953 1,006 1,073 1,059 1,022 1,093 1,073 1,069

Employment-population ratio

24.3 24.8 26.7 26.1 25.7 25.0 26.4 28.0 27.5 26.4 27.9 27.3 27.1

Unemployed

209 200 194 212 192 207 201 177 168 190 194 172 190

Unemployment rate

18.8 17.8 16.3 17.7 16.4 17.8 16.7 14.1 13.7 15.7 15.1 13.8 15.1

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: October 05, 2018