HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-2. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2014 2015 2016 2017
3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

195,655 195,994 196,394 196,678 197,027 197,373 197,722 198,017 198,381 198,741 198,527 198,777 199,082

Civilian labor force

123,305 123,370 123,770 123,620 123,400 123,646 124,732 124,519 124,777 124,632 124,859 124,765 125,133

Participation rate

63.0 62.9 63.0 62.9 62.6 62.6 63.1 62.9 62.9 62.7 62.9 62.8 62.9

Employed

116,875 117,385 117,834 117,858 117,905 118,222 119,385 119,220 119,357 119,314 119,744 120,043 120,408

Employment-population ratio

59.7 59.9 60.0 59.9 59.8 59.9 60.4 60.2 60.2 60.0 60.3 60.4 60.5

Unemployed

6,431 5,985 5,936 5,762 5,495 5,424 5,347 5,300 5,419 5,317 5,115 4,722 4,725

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.1 3.8 3.8

Not in labor force

72,350 72,624 72,624 73,058 73,627 73,727 72,990 73,498 73,604 74,110 73,668 74,012 73,950

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,439 64,409 64,837 64,738 64,643 64,613 65,212 65,078 65,233 65,176 65,309 65,249 65,248

Participation rate

72.2 72.0 72.4 72.1 71.9 71.7 72.2 71.9 72.0 71.8 72.0 71.8 71.7

Employed

61,415 61,575 61,928 61,975 61,975 61,977 62,663 62,536 62,555 62,559 62,819 62,979 63,003

Employment-population ratio

68.8 68.8 69.1 69.0 68.9 68.8 69.4 69.1 69.0 68.9 69.2 69.3 69.2

Unemployed

3,023 2,834 2,909 2,763 2,668 2,636 2,549 2,542 2,677 2,618 2,490 2,270 2,245

Unemployment rate

4.7 4.4 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,370 54,429 54,386 54,340 54,350 54,570 54,904 54,850 54,891 54,844 54,980 54,928 55,384

Participation rate

57.8 57.8 57.6 57.4 57.4 57.5 57.8 57.6 57.6 57.4 57.6 57.5 57.9

Employed

51,778 51,975 52,066 52,035 52,139 52,415 52,755 52,736 52,810 52,790 52,936 53,025 53,419

Employment-population ratio

55.1 55.2 55.1 55.0 55.0 55.2 55.5 55.4 55.4 55.2 55.5 55.5 55.8

Unemployed

2,591 2,454 2,320 2,304 2,211 2,155 2,149 2,114 2,082 2,054 2,044 1,903 1,965

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,497 4,532 4,547 4,542 4,407 4,462 4,616 4,591 4,653 4,611 4,570 4,588 4,501

Participation rate

36.4 36.7 36.8 36.9 35.8 36.2 37.5 37.2 37.7 37.3 37.0 37.2 36.5

Employed

3,681 3,834 3,840 3,848 3,791 3,829 3,966 3,948 3,993 3,966 3,989 4,038 3,986

Employment-population ratio

29.8 31.0 31.1 31.2 30.8 31.1 32.2 32.0 32.3 32.1 32.3 32.7 32.3

Unemployed

816 697 707 694 616 633 649 643 660 645 582 550 515

Unemployment rate

18.1 15.4 15.6 15.3 14.0 14.2 14.1 14.0 14.2 14.0 12.7 12.0 11.4

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

30,894 31,005 31,222 31,327 31,439 31,556 31,716 31,828 31,946 32,067 32,095 32,193 32,296

Civilian labor force

18,985 19,020 19,060 19,424 19,348 19,414 19,519 19,466 19,714 19,834 19,998 20,062 20,140

Participation rate

61.5 61.3 61.0 62.0 61.5 61.5 61.5 61.2 61.7 61.9 62.3 62.3 62.4

Employed

16,832 16,977 17,125 17,523 17,560 17,668 17,799 17,811 18,089 18,219 18,411 18,550 18,660

Employment-population ratio

54.5 54.8 54.8 55.9 55.9 56.0 56.1 56.0 56.6 56.8 57.4 57.6 57.8

Unemployed

2,152 2,044 1,935 1,901 1,789 1,746 1,720 1,655 1,625 1,614 1,587 1,513 1,480

Unemployment rate

11.3 10.7 10.2 9.8 9.2 9.0 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.5 7.3

Not in labor force

11,909 11,984 12,163 11,903 12,090 12,142 12,197 12,362 12,232 12,234 12,098 12,131 12,156

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,694 8,670 8,694 8,866 8,752 8,774 8,879 8,968 8,981 9,029 9,106 9,106 9,216

Participation rate

68.0 67.5 67.2 68.2 67.0 66.9 67.3 67.7 67.5 67.6 68.0 67.8 68.3

Employed

7,728 7,728 7,808 8,012 7,969 7,961 8,124 8,217 8,263 8,306 8,396 8,494 8,554

Employment-population ratio

60.5 60.2 60.3 61.6 61.0 60.7 61.6 62.0 62.1 62.2 62.7 63.2 63.4

Unemployed

967 942 886 854 783 814 755 751 718 723 710 612 661

Unemployment rate

11.1 10.9 10.2 9.6 8.9 9.3 8.5 8.4 8.0 8.0 7.8 6.7 7.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,618 9,618 9,683 9,853 9,896 9,935 9,906 9,772 9,985 10,102 10,153 10,179 10,149

Participation rate

61.6 61.4 61.4 62.2 62.3 62.3 61.8 60.8 61.9 62.4 62.7 62.7 62.3

Employed

8,646 8,747 8,830 9,016 9,101 9,172 9,123 9,073 9,276 9,399 9,462 9,479 9,509

Employment-population ratio

55.4 55.8 56.0 56.9 57.3 57.5 56.9 56.5 57.5 58.1 58.4 58.4 58.3

Unemployed

972 871 852 838 795 763 783 699 709 704 691 699 640

Unemployment rate

10.1 9.1 8.8 8.5 8.0 7.7 7.9 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.9 6.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

673 733 684 705 700 705 734 727 747 702 739 778 776

Participation rate

26.9 29.4 27.4 28.3 28.1 28.3 29.4 29.0 29.7 27.9 29.4 31.0 30.9

Employed

459 502 487 495 489 536 553 521 550 515 552 577 597

Employment-population ratio

18.3 20.1 19.5 19.9 19.7 21.5 22.1 20.8 21.9 20.5 22.0 23.0 23.8

Unemployed

214 230 197 209 211 169 181 205 198 187 186 201 178

Unemployment rate

31.8 31.4 28.8 29.7 30.1 24.0 24.7 28.2 26.5 26.6 25.2 25.9 23.0

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

13,752 13,865 14,280 14,374 14,535 14,490 14,900 14,941 15,275 15,367 15,223 15,396 15,371

Civilian labor force

8,717 8,799 8,951 9,090 9,080 9,093 9,366 9,471 9,706 9,703 9,661 9,793 9,893

Participation rate

63.4 63.5 62.7 63.2 62.5 62.8 62.9 63.4 63.5 63.1 63.5 63.6 64.4

Employed

8,333 8,388 8,614 8,719 8,746 8,747 9,009 9,113 9,321 9,409 9,325 9,453 9,515

Employment-population ratio

60.6 60.5 60.3 60.7 60.2 60.4 60.5 61.0 61.0 61.2 61.3 61.4 61.9

Unemployed

384 411 336 371 334 347 357 358 385 294 336 340 378

Unemployment rate

4.4 4.7 3.8 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.0 3.5 3.5 3.8

Not in labor force

5,035 5,066 5,329 5,284 5,455 5,397 5,534 5,470 5,569 5,664 5,562 5,603 5,478

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

38,513 38,759 39,244 39,484 39,738 40,004 40,301 40,559 40,826 41,101 41,002 41,242 41,492

Civilian labor force

25,431 25,690 26,027 26,163 26,084 26,230 26,623 26,613 26,951 27,000 27,227 27,256 27,481

Participation rate

66.0 66.3 66.3 66.3 65.6 65.6 66.1 65.6 66.0 65.7 66.4 66.1 66.2

Employed

23,568 23,990 24,258 24,395 24,368 24,580 25,123 25,053 25,379 25,441 25,722 25,880 26,073

Employment-population ratio

61.2 61.9 61.8 61.8 61.3 61.4 62.3 61.8 62.2 61.9 62.7 62.8 62.8

Unemployed

1,863 1,699 1,769 1,768 1,716 1,650 1,500 1,560 1,572 1,559 1,505 1,377 1,407

Unemployment rate

7.3 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.3 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.1 5.1

Not in labor force

13,082 13,069 13,217 13,321 13,654 13,774 13,678 13,946 13,875 14,101 13,775 13,986 14,011

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,101 14,272 14,461 14,462 14,418 14,432 14,699 14,687 14,859 14,855 14,931 14,947 15,073

Participation rate

80.9 81.3 81.8 81.3 80.5 80.0 80.9 80.3 80.7 80.2 80.9 80.5 80.7

Employed

13,254 13,481 13,609 13,593 13,620 13,675 13,994 14,000 14,115 14,111 14,244 14,338 14,410

Employment-population ratio

76.1 76.8 77.0 76.4 76.0 75.8 77.0 76.6 76.7 76.2 77.2 77.2 77.1

Unemployed

847 790 852 869 799 757 704 686 744 744 687 608 663

Unemployment rate

6.0 5.5 5.9 6.0 5.5 5.2 4.8 4.7 5.0 5.0 4.6 4.1 4.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,233 10,237 10,372 10,551 10,555 10,678 10,734 10,731 10,921 10,989 11,091 11,059 11,174

Participation rate

58.7 58.4 58.0 58.7 58.3 58.5 58.4 58.0 58.6 58.6 59.2 58.7 58.9

Employed

9,480 9,548 9,706 9,875 9,846 9,987 10,133 10,067 10,284 10,383 10,477 10,468 10,597

Employment-population ratio

54.4 54.5 54.3 54.9 54.4 54.8 55.1 54.4 55.2 55.3 56.0 55.6 55.9

Unemployed

753 689 666 676 709 691 601 664 637 606 614 591 577

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.7 6.5 5.6 6.2 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,097 1,181 1,194 1,150 1,110 1,120 1,191 1,195 1,171 1,157 1,205 1,251 1,233

Participation rate

29.9 32.1 32.4 31.1 29.9 30.1 31.8 31.7 30.9 30.4 31.6 32.6 32.0

Employed

835 961 943 927 902 917 996 986 980 947 1,002 1,073 1,066

Employment-population ratio

22.8 26.1 25.6 25.1 24.3 24.6 26.6 26.2 25.9 24.9 26.2 28.0 27.7

Unemployed

262 220 251 223 208 202 195 210 191 210 203 177 167

Unemployment rate

23.9 18.6 21.0 19.4 18.8 18.1 16.4 17.6 16.3 18.1 16.9 14.2 13.6

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: October 06, 2017