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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-2. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2018 2019 2020 2021
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

199,803 200,040 200,356 200,687 200,446 200,660 200,953 201,251 200,969 201,156 201,417 201,681 201,612

Civilian labor force

125,539 125,883 125,633 126,211 126,236 126,171 126,853 127,141 126,647 122,617 124,154 124,306 123,761

Participation rate

62.8 62.9 62.7 62.9 63.0 62.9 63.1 63.2 63.0 61.0 61.6 61.6 61.4

Employed

121,086 121,418 121,418 121,933 122,005 122,072 122,639 123,050 122,416 107,702 114,408 116,838 116,908

Employment-population ratio

60.6 60.7 60.6 60.8 60.9 60.8 61.0 61.1 60.9 53.5 56.8 57.9 58.0

Unemployed

4,453 4,465 4,214 4,279 4,231 4,098 4,214 4,091 4,232 14,915 9,746 7,468 6,853

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.3 12.2 7.8 6.0 5.5

Not in labor force

74,264 74,157 74,723 74,475 74,210 74,489 74,100 74,110 74,322 78,539 77,263 77,376 77,851

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,753 65,963 65,655 65,891 65,932 65,996 66,115 66,113 65,865 64,179 64,786 64,788 64,424

Participation rate

71.9 72.0 71.6 71.7 71.8 71.8 71.8 71.7 71.5 69.6 70.2 70.1 69.7

Employed

63,610 63,765 63,640 63,872 63,937 64,025 64,132 64,194 63,829 57,339 60,105 61,010 60,971

Employment-population ratio

69.6 69.6 69.4 69.5 69.7 69.7 69.7 69.6 69.3 62.2 65.1 66.0 65.9

Unemployed

2,143 2,198 2,014 2,018 1,994 1,972 1,983 1,919 2,036 6,841 4,681 3,778 3,453

Unemployment rate

3.3 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.1 10.7 7.2 5.8 5.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,118 55,339 55,461 55,782 55,757 55,632 56,094 56,385 56,115 54,303 54,965 54,854 54,680

Participation rate

57.4 57.6 57.6 57.8 57.8 57.6 58.0 58.2 58.0 56.1 56.7 56.5 56.3

Employed

53,369 53,567 53,757 54,034 54,054 54,000 54,398 54,759 54,432 47,354 50,601 51,799 51,892

Employment-population ratio

55.6 55.7 55.8 56.0 56.1 56.0 56.3 56.6 56.3 48.9 52.2 53.4 53.5

Unemployed

1,749 1,772 1,704 1,749 1,703 1,632 1,696 1,626 1,683 6,949 4,363 3,055 2,788

Unemployment rate

3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.9 3.0 12.8 7.9 5.6 5.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,668 4,582 4,517 4,538 4,547 4,542 4,644 4,643 4,667 4,135 4,403 4,664 4,657

Participation rate

37.8 37.2 36.7 36.9 37.1 37.1 37.9 37.9 38.3 34.0 36.3 38.5 38.5

Employed

4,107 4,086 4,021 4,027 4,013 4,048 4,109 4,097 4,155 3,009 3,701 4,029 4,045

Employment-population ratio

33.3 33.2 32.7 32.7 32.7 33.0 33.6 33.5 34.1 24.8 30.5 33.2 33.5

Unemployed

561 495 497 512 534 495 535 546 513 1,125 702 634 612

Unemployment rate

12.0 10.8 11.0 11.3 11.7 10.9 11.5 11.8 11.0 27.2 15.9 13.6 13.1

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

32,607 32,704 32,810 32,922 32,897 32,984 33,081 33,184 33,211 33,295 33,386 33,485 33,511

Civilian labor force

20,378 20,329 20,448 20,498 20,546 20,550 20,644 20,787 20,770 19,788 20,040 20,114 20,235

Participation rate

62.5 62.2 62.3 62.3 62.5 62.3 62.4 62.6 62.5 59.4 60.0 60.1 60.4

Employed

18,961 19,057 19,171 19,171 19,149 19,271 19,521 19,575 19,462 16,570 17,423 18,034 18,298

Employment-population ratio

58.2 58.3 58.4 58.2 58.2 58.4 59.0 59.0 58.6 49.8 52.2 53.9 54.6

Unemployed

1,417 1,272 1,278 1,327 1,397 1,279 1,122 1,211 1,308 3,217 2,617 2,080 1,937

Unemployment rate

7.0 6.3 6.2 6.5 6.8 6.2 5.4 5.8 6.3 16.3 13.1 10.3 9.6

Not in labor force

12,228 12,376 12,361 12,424 12,350 12,435 12,437 12,397 12,441 13,507 13,346 13,370 13,276

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,317 9,294 9,357 9,336 9,389 9,409 9,502 9,514 9,447 9,001 9,209 9,221 9,372

Participation rate

68.3 67.9 68.1 67.6 68.0 67.9 68.3 68.2 67.6 64.2 65.4 65.3 66.2

Employed

8,739 8,714 8,793 8,732 8,736 8,840 8,966 8,990 8,861 7,576 7,957 8,205 8,451

Employment-population ratio

64.1 63.6 64.0 63.2 63.3 63.8 64.5 64.4 63.4 54.0 56.5 58.1 59.7

Unemployed

579 580 564 604 654 570 536 525 586 1,425 1,252 1,016 922

Unemployment rate

6.2 6.2 6.0 6.5 7.0 6.1 5.6 5.5 6.2 15.8 13.6 11.0 9.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,269 10,303 10,385 10,341 10,369 10,438 10,403 10,538 10,581 10,082 10,124 10,166 10,148

Participation rate

62.4 62.4 62.7 62.2 62.4 62.6 62.2 62.8 63.0 59.8 59.9 60.0 59.8

Employed

9,632 9,764 9,812 9,794 9,812 9,882 9,941 10,002 10,033 8,496 8,913 9,263 9,265

Employment-population ratio

58.5 59.1 59.2 58.9 59.0 59.3 59.5 59.6 59.7 50.4 52.7 54.6 54.6

Unemployed

637 539 573 547 557 557 462 535 548 1,586 1,211 903 884

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.2 5.5 5.3 5.4 5.3 4.4 5.1 5.2 15.7 12.0 8.9 8.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

792 731 707 821 788 702 738 735 742 705 707 728 714

Participation rate

31.6 29.3 28.3 32.9 31.8 28.5 30.0 30.0 30.5 29.1 29.3 30.2 29.8

Employed

591 579 566 645 602 549 614 583 568 499 553 567 583

Employment-population ratio

23.6 23.2 22.7 25.9 24.3 22.3 25.0 23.8 23.3 20.6 22.9 23.5 24.3

Unemployed

201 153 140 175 186 153 125 152 173 207 154 161 131

Unemployment rate

25.4 20.9 19.9 21.4 23.6 21.8 16.9 20.6 23.4 29.3 21.7 22.1 18.4

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

15,835 15,914 16,009 16,088 16,111 16,403 16,411 16,480 16,339 16,406 16,562 16,561 16,514

Civilian labor force

9,970 10,067 10,233 10,270 10,361 10,367 10,501 10,605 10,445 10,029 10,511 10,338 10,351

Participation rate

63.0 63.3 63.9 63.8 64.3 63.2 64.0 64.4 63.9 61.1 63.5 62.4 62.7

Employed

9,672 9,784 9,910 9,956 10,044 10,126 10,221 10,322 10,109 8,584 9,411 9,643 9,741

Employment-population ratio

61.1 61.5 61.9 61.9 62.3 61.7 62.3 62.6 61.9 52.3 56.8 58.2 59.0

Unemployed

298 283 322 314 317 241 280 283 335 1,445 1,099 696 611

Unemployment rate

3.0 2.8 3.2 3.1 3.1 2.3 2.7 2.7 3.2 14.4 10.5 6.7 5.9

Not in labor force

5,865 5,846 5,776 5,818 5,750 6,036 5,910 5,874 5,895 6,377 6,051 6,223 6,163

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

42,334 42,593 42,863 43,145 43,126 43,371 43,630 43,900 43,819 44,053 44,300 44,558 44,586

Civilian labor force

27,904 28,315 28,402 28,724 28,824 28,721 29,123 29,538 29,618 28,319 28,777 29,153 29,122

Participation rate

65.9 66.5 66.3 66.6 66.8 66.2 66.8 67.3 67.6 64.3 65.0 65.4 65.3

Employed

26,541 26,975 27,096 27,433 27,513 27,518 27,901 28,286 28,163 23,517 25,558 26,569 26,704

Employment-population ratio

62.7 63.3 63.2 63.6 63.8 63.4 64.0 64.4 64.3 53.4 57.7 59.6 59.9

Unemployed

1,364 1,340 1,306 1,292 1,311 1,203 1,222 1,251 1,455 4,802 3,219 2,584 2,418

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.9 17.0 11.2 8.9 8.3

Not in labor force

14,430 14,277 14,461 14,420 14,302 14,649 14,507 14,363 14,201 15,734 15,523 15,405 15,464

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

15,308 15,519 15,484 15,553 15,701 15,666 15,740 15,918 15,982 15,473 15,703 15,962 15,916

Participation rate

80.1 80.7 80.0 79.8 80.7 80.0 79.9 80.3 80.8 77.8 78.5 79.3 79.0

Employed

14,690 14,912 14,913 14,977 15,115 15,112 15,193 15,396 15,362 13,180 14,145 14,643 14,703

Employment-population ratio

76.9 77.6 77.1 76.9 77.7 77.2 77.1 77.7 77.7 66.3 70.7 72.8 73.0

Unemployed

618 606 571 576 587 555 547 521 619 2,293 1,557 1,320 1,213

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.9 14.8 9.9 8.3 7.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

11,315 11,546 11,649 11,852 11,860 11,840 12,080 12,267 12,293 11,620 11,797 11,824 11,828

Participation rate

58.6 59.4 59.5 60.2 60.2 59.8 60.6 61.1 61.3 57.7 58.2 58.0 57.9

Employed

10,761 10,984 11,104 11,326 11,344 11,371 11,605 11,740 11,665 9,518 10,402 10,786 10,857

Employment-population ratio

55.7 56.5 56.7 57.5 57.6 57.4 58.2 58.5 58.2 47.2 51.3 52.9 53.2

Unemployed

553 562 545 526 516 469 475 527 628 2,102 1,395 1,038 971

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.0 3.9 4.3 5.1 18.1 11.8 8.8 8.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,282 1,250 1,269 1,319 1,263 1,215 1,303 1,353 1,343 1,226 1,277 1,366 1,379

Participation rate

32.8 31.8 32.1 33.3 31.8 30.5 32.6 33.7 33.6 30.6 31.7 33.8 34.2

Employed

1,089 1,079 1,079 1,130 1,054 1,035 1,103 1,150 1,136 819 1,011 1,140 1,144

Employment-population ratio

27.8 27.5 27.3 28.5 26.6 26.0 27.6 28.6 28.4 20.4 25.1 28.2 28.4

Unemployed

193 172 190 189 209 180 200 203 207 407 266 227 235

Unemployment rate

15.0 13.7 15.0 14.3 16.5 14.8 15.4 15.0 15.4 33.2 20.8 16.6 17.0

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: April 02, 2021