HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-2. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2013 2014 2015 2016
4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

194,831 195,030 195,312 195,655 195,994 196,394 196,678 197,027 197,373 197,722 198,017 198,381 198,741

Civilian labor force

123,060 123,414 123,181 123,305 123,370 123,770 123,620 123,400 123,646 124,732 124,519 124,777 124,632

Participation rate

63.2 63.3 63.1 63.0 62.9 63.0 62.9 62.6 62.6 63.1 62.9 62.9 62.7

Employed

115,526 116,317 116,620 116,875 117,385 117,834 117,858 117,905 118,222 119,385 119,220 119,357 119,314

Employment-population ratio

59.3 59.6 59.7 59.7 59.9 60.0 59.9 59.8 59.9 60.4 60.2 60.2 60.0

Unemployed

7,534 7,097 6,560 6,431 5,985 5,936 5,762 5,495 5,424 5,347 5,300 5,419 5,317

Unemployment rate

6.1 5.8 5.3 5.2 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3

Not in labor force

71,771 71,615 72,131 72,350 72,624 72,624 73,058 73,627 73,727 72,990 73,498 73,604 74,110

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,327 64,485 64,361 64,439 64,409 64,837 64,738 64,643 64,613 65,212 65,078 65,233 65,176

Participation rate

72.5 72.5 72.2 72.2 72.0 72.4 72.1 71.9 71.7 72.2 71.9 72.0 71.8

Employed

60,547 61,027 61,164 61,415 61,575 61,928 61,975 61,975 61,977 62,663 62,536 62,555 62,559

Employment-population ratio

68.2 68.6 68.7 68.8 68.8 69.1 69.0 68.9 68.8 69.4 69.1 69.0 68.9

Unemployed

3,779 3,458 3,197 3,023 2,834 2,909 2,763 2,668 2,636 2,549 2,542 2,677 2,618

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.4 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,177 54,501 54,394 54,370 54,429 54,386 54,340 54,350 54,570 54,904 54,850 54,891 54,844

Participation rate

57.9 58.2 58.0 57.8 57.8 57.6 57.4 57.4 57.5 57.8 57.6 57.6 57.4

Employed

51,279 51,653 51,801 51,778 51,975 52,066 52,035 52,139 52,415 52,755 52,736 52,810 52,790

Employment-population ratio

54.8 55.1 55.2 55.1 55.2 55.1 55.0 55.0 55.2 55.5 55.4 55.4 55.2

Unemployed

2,898 2,847 2,593 2,591 2,454 2,320 2,304 2,211 2,155 2,149 2,114 2,082 2,054

Unemployment rate

5.3 5.2 4.8 4.8 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,556 4,429 4,425 4,497 4,532 4,547 4,542 4,407 4,462 4,616 4,591 4,653 4,611

Participation rate

36.6 35.7 35.7 36.4 36.7 36.8 36.9 35.8 36.2 37.5 37.2 37.7 37.3

Employed

3,699 3,637 3,655 3,681 3,834 3,840 3,848 3,791 3,829 3,966 3,948 3,993 3,966

Employment-population ratio

29.7 29.3 29.5 29.8 31.0 31.1 31.2 30.8 31.1 32.2 32.0 32.3 32.1

Unemployed

857 792 771 816 697 707 694 616 633 649 643 660 645

Unemployment rate

18.8 17.9 17.4 18.1 15.4 15.6 15.3 14.0 14.2 14.1 14.0 14.2 14.0

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

30,535 30,685 30,788 30,894 31,005 31,222 31,327 31,439 31,556 31,716 31,828 31,946 32,067

Civilian labor force

18,454 18,703 18,773 18,985 19,020 19,060 19,424 19,348 19,414 19,519 19,466 19,714 19,834

Participation rate

60.4 61.0 61.0 61.5 61.3 61.0 62.0 61.5 61.5 61.5 61.2 61.7 61.9

Employed

16,168 16,452 16,660 16,832 16,977 17,125 17,523 17,560 17,668 17,799 17,811 18,089 18,219

Employment-population ratio

53.0 53.6 54.1 54.5 54.8 54.8 55.9 55.9 56.0 56.1 56.0 56.6 56.8

Unemployed

2,286 2,250 2,113 2,152 2,044 1,935 1,901 1,789 1,746 1,720 1,655 1,625 1,614

Unemployment rate

12.4 12.0 11.3 11.3 10.7 10.2 9.8 9.2 9.0 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.1

Not in labor force

12,080 11,982 12,014 11,909 11,984 12,163 11,903 12,090 12,142 12,197 12,362 12,232 12,234

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,339 8,462 8,509 8,694 8,670 8,694 8,866 8,752 8,774 8,879 8,968 8,981 9,029

Participation rate

66.4 66.8 66.9 68.0 67.5 67.2 68.2 67.0 66.9 67.3 67.7 67.5 67.6

Employed

7,329 7,429 7,564 7,728 7,728 7,808 8,012 7,969 7,961 8,124 8,217 8,263 8,306

Employment-population ratio

58.3 58.7 59.5 60.5 60.2 60.3 61.6 61.0 60.7 61.6 62.0 62.1 62.2

Unemployed

1,010 1,033 945 967 942 886 854 783 814 755 751 718 723

Unemployment rate

12.1 12.2 11.1 11.1 10.9 10.2 9.6 8.9 9.3 8.5 8.4 8.0 8.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,445 9,596 9,585 9,618 9,618 9,683 9,853 9,896 9,935 9,906 9,772 9,985 10,102

Participation rate

61.2 61.9 61.6 61.6 61.4 61.4 62.2 62.3 62.3 61.8 60.8 61.9 62.4

Employed

8,408 8,610 8,643 8,646 8,747 8,830 9,016 9,101 9,172 9,123 9,073 9,276 9,399

Employment-population ratio

54.5 55.6 55.6 55.4 55.8 56.0 56.9 57.3 57.5 56.9 56.5 57.5 58.1

Unemployed

1,037 986 942 972 871 852 838 795 763 783 699 709 704

Unemployment rate

11.0 10.3 9.8 10.1 9.1 8.8 8.5 8.0 7.7 7.9 7.2 7.1 7.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

670 644 680 673 733 684 705 700 705 734 727 747 702

Participation rate

26.4 25.5 27.0 26.9 29.4 27.4 28.3 28.1 28.3 29.4 29.0 29.7 27.9

Employed

431 413 452 459 502 487 495 489 536 553 521 550 515

Employment-population ratio

17.0 16.4 18.0 18.3 20.1 19.5 19.9 19.7 21.5 22.1 20.8 21.9 20.5

Unemployed

239 232 227 214 230 197 209 211 169 181 205 198 187

Unemployment rate

35.7 36.0 33.4 31.8 31.4 28.8 29.7 30.1 24.0 24.7 28.2 26.5 26.6

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

13,444 13,714 13,806 13,752 13,865 14,280 14,374 14,535 14,490 14,900 14,941 15,275 15,367

Civilian labor force

8,665 8,777 8,749 8,717 8,799 8,951 9,090 9,080 9,093 9,366 9,471 9,706 9,703

Participation rate

64.5 64.0 63.4 63.4 63.5 62.7 63.2 62.5 62.8 62.9 63.4 63.5 63.1

Employed

8,241 8,303 8,276 8,333 8,388 8,614 8,719 8,746 8,747 9,009 9,113 9,321 9,409

Employment-population ratio

61.3 60.5 59.9 60.6 60.5 60.3 60.7 60.2 60.4 60.5 61.0 61.0 61.2

Unemployed

424 474 473 384 411 336 371 334 347 357 358 385 294

Unemployment rate

4.9 5.4 5.4 4.4 4.7 3.8 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.0

Not in labor force

4,779 4,937 5,058 5,035 5,066 5,329 5,284 5,455 5,397 5,534 5,470 5,569 5,664

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

37,876 38,052 38,277 38,513 38,759 39,244 39,484 39,738 40,004 40,301 40,559 40,826 41,101

Civilian labor force

24,880 25,131 25,232 25,431 25,690 26,027 26,163 26,084 26,230 26,623 26,613 26,951 27,000

Participation rate

65.7 66.0 65.9 66.0 66.3 66.3 66.3 65.6 65.6 66.1 65.6 66.0 65.7

Employed

22,710 23,084 23,330 23,568 23,990 24,258 24,395 24,368 24,580 25,123 25,053 25,379 25,441

Employment-population ratio

60.0 60.7 60.9 61.2 61.9 61.8 61.8 61.3 61.4 62.3 61.8 62.2 61.9

Unemployed

2,169 2,048 1,902 1,863 1,699 1,769 1,768 1,716 1,650 1,500 1,560 1,572 1,559

Unemployment rate

8.7 8.1 7.5 7.3 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.3 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.8

Not in labor force

12,996 12,920 13,046 13,082 13,069 13,217 13,321 13,654 13,774 13,678 13,946 13,875 14,101

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,817 13,906 13,988 14,101 14,272 14,461 14,462 14,418 14,432 14,699 14,687 14,859 14,855

Participation rate

80.8 80.9 80.8 80.9 81.3 81.8 81.3 80.5 80.0 80.9 80.3 80.7 80.2

Employed

12,759 12,985 13,088 13,254 13,481 13,609 13,593 13,620 13,675 13,994 14,000 14,115 14,111

Employment-population ratio

74.6 75.5 75.6 76.1 76.8 77.0 76.4 76.0 75.8 77.0 76.6 76.7 76.2

Unemployed

1,058 921 899 847 790 852 869 799 757 704 686 744 744

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.6 6.4 6.0 5.5 5.9 6.0 5.5 5.2 4.8 4.7 5.0 5.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,951 10,160 10,151 10,233 10,237 10,372 10,551 10,555 10,678 10,734 10,731 10,921 10,989

Participation rate

58.2 59.1 58.6 58.7 58.4 58.0 58.7 58.3 58.5 58.4 58.0 58.6 58.6

Employed

9,122 9,298 9,400 9,480 9,548 9,706 9,875 9,846 9,987 10,133 10,067 10,284 10,383

Employment-population ratio

53.3 54.0 54.3 54.4 54.5 54.3 54.9 54.4 54.8 55.1 54.4 55.2 55.3

Unemployed

829 861 751 753 689 666 676 709 691 601 664 637 606

Unemployment rate

8.3 8.5 7.4 7.4 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.7 6.5 5.6 6.2 5.8 5.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,112 1,065 1,093 1,097 1,181 1,194 1,150 1,110 1,120 1,191 1,195 1,171 1,157

Participation rate

30.4 29.2 29.9 29.9 32.1 32.4 31.1 29.9 30.1 31.8 31.7 30.9 30.4

Employed

830 801 841 835 961 943 927 902 917 996 986 980 947

Employment-population ratio

22.7 21.9 23.0 22.8 26.1 25.6 25.1 24.3 24.6 26.6 26.2 25.9 24.9

Unemployed

282 265 252 262 220 251 223 208 202 195 210 191 210

Unemployment rate

25.4 24.9 23.1 23.9 18.6 21.0 19.4 18.8 18.1 16.4 17.6 16.3 18.1

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 06, 2017