HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-2. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2015 2016 2017 2018
4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

197,373 197,722 198,017 198,381 198,741 198,527 198,777 199,082 199,381 199,803 200,040 200,356 200,687

Civilian labor force

123,773 124,587 124,532 124,784 124,773 124,739 124,766 125,181 125,067 125,607 125,710 125,560 126,371

Participation rate

62.7 63.0 62.9 62.9 62.8 62.8 62.8 62.9 62.7 62.9 62.8 62.7 63.0

Employed

118,326 119,263 119,195 119,396 119,431 119,678 120,041 120,487 120,511 121,107 121,294 121,363 122,092

Employment-population ratio

60.0 60.3 60.2 60.2 60.1 60.3 60.4 60.5 60.4 60.6 60.6 60.6 60.8

Unemployed

5,447 5,325 5,337 5,387 5,342 5,061 4,725 4,694 4,556 4,501 4,416 4,197 4,279

Unemployment rate

4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.4

Not in labor force

73,600 73,135 73,485 73,597 73,968 73,788 74,012 73,902 74,314 74,196 74,330 74,796 74,315

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,703 65,061 65,057 65,329 65,278 65,171 65,209 65,342 65,446 65,822 65,862 65,601 65,947

Participation rate

71.8 72.0 71.9 72.1 71.9 71.8 71.8 71.8 71.8 72.0 71.9 71.5 71.8

Employed

62,064 62,533 62,501 62,638 62,655 62,725 62,949 63,084 63,290 63,617 63,714 63,619 63,930

Employment-population ratio

68.9 69.2 69.1 69.1 69.0 69.1 69.3 69.3 69.4 69.6 69.6 69.3 69.6

Unemployed

2,639 2,528 2,556 2,691 2,623 2,446 2,261 2,258 2,156 2,205 2,148 1,981 2,017

Unemployment rate

4.1 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.0 3.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,596 54,922 54,897 54,794 54,874 55,018 54,979 55,330 55,080 55,112 55,295 55,429 55,864

Participation rate

57.5 57.8 57.7 57.5 57.4 57.6 57.5 57.8 57.4 57.4 57.5 57.6 57.9

Employed

52,420 52,774 52,757 52,762 52,793 52,977 53,052 53,409 53,274 53,370 53,527 53,724 54,104

Employment-population ratio

55.2 55.5 55.4 55.3 55.2 55.5 55.5 55.8 55.6 55.6 55.7 55.8 56.1

Unemployed

2,176 2,148 2,140 2,033 2,081 2,042 1,926 1,921 1,806 1,742 1,767 1,706 1,760

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,474 4,605 4,579 4,661 4,621 4,549 4,577 4,509 4,541 4,673 4,554 4,530 4,560

Participation rate

36.3 37.4 37.1 37.7 37.4 36.9 37.1 36.5 36.8 37.9 37.0 36.8 37.1

Employed

3,842 3,957 3,938 3,997 3,983 3,976 4,039 3,994 3,947 4,120 4,053 4,020 4,058

Employment-population ratio

31.2 32.1 31.9 32.4 32.2 32.2 32.7 32.4 32.0 33.4 32.9 32.7 33.0

Unemployed

632 649 641 663 638 573 538 515 594 553 501 510 502

Unemployment rate

14.1 14.1 14.0 14.2 13.8 12.6 11.8 11.4 13.1 11.8 11.0 11.3 11.0

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

31,556 31,716 31,828 31,946 32,067 32,095 32,193 32,296 32,403 32,607 32,704 32,810 32,922

Civilian labor force

19,429 19,500 19,476 19,716 19,854 19,983 20,060 20,145 20,162 20,407 20,300 20,461 20,492

Participation rate

61.6 61.5 61.2 61.7 61.9 62.3 62.3 62.4 62.2 62.6 62.1 62.4 62.2

Employed

17,692 17,792 17,796 18,084 18,253 18,412 18,542 18,663 18,727 18,959 19,021 19,175 19,210

Employment-population ratio

56.1 56.1 55.9 56.6 56.9 57.4 57.6 57.8 57.8 58.1 58.2 58.4 58.3

Unemployed

1,736 1,708 1,680 1,632 1,601 1,571 1,517 1,482 1,434 1,447 1,278 1,287 1,282

Unemployment rate

8.9 8.8 8.6 8.3 8.1 7.9 7.6 7.4 7.1 7.1 6.3 6.3 6.3

Not in labor force

12,128 12,216 12,353 12,230 12,214 12,113 12,134 12,152 12,242 12,200 12,405 12,348 12,430

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,776 8,878 8,965 8,983 9,031 9,114 9,102 9,220 9,208 9,345 9,271 9,356 9,331

Participation rate

66.9 67.3 67.7 67.5 67.6 68.1 67.7 68.4 68.0 68.5 67.7 68.0 67.6

Employed

7,980 8,120 8,202 8,261 8,330 8,395 8,487 8,554 8,563 8,738 8,681 8,795 8,765

Employment-population ratio

60.8 61.5 61.9 62.1 62.3 62.7 63.2 63.4 63.2 64.1 63.4 64.0 63.5

Unemployed

795 758 763 722 701 719 614 667 646 607 590 561 567

Unemployment rate

9.1 8.5 8.5 8.0 7.8 7.9 6.7 7.2 7.0 6.5 6.4 6.0 6.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,936 9,891 9,782 9,987 10,110 10,133 10,184 10,142 10,230 10,269 10,295 10,401 10,330

Participation rate

62.3 61.7 60.9 61.9 62.5 62.6 62.7 62.2 62.6 62.4 62.4 62.8 62.1

Employed

9,170 9,122 9,076 9,274 9,399 9,464 9,471 9,508 9,612 9,637 9,768 9,812 9,787

Employment-population ratio

57.5 56.9 56.5 57.5 58.1 58.4 58.3 58.3 58.8 58.6 59.2 59.2 58.9

Unemployed

767 769 706 713 710 669 712 634 618 632 527 589 542

Unemployment rate

7.7 7.8 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.6 7.0 6.3 6.0 6.2 5.1 5.7 5.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

716 731 729 746 713 736 774 782 723 793 734 705 831

Participation rate

28.8 29.3 29.0 29.7 28.3 29.3 30.8 31.2 28.8 31.6 29.4 28.2 33.3

Employed

542 550 518 549 524 553 584 601 553 585 572 568 657

Employment-population ratio

21.8 22.0 20.7 21.8 20.8 22.0 23.2 24.0 22.0 23.3 22.9 22.8 26.4

Unemployed

174 181 210 197 189 183 191 181 171 208 162 137 173

Unemployment rate

24.3 24.8 28.9 26.4 26.6 24.9 24.7 23.1 23.6 26.3 22.0 19.4 20.9

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

14,490 14,900 14,941 15,275 15,367 15,223 15,396 15,371 15,482 15,835 15,914 16,009 16,088

Civilian labor force

9,095 9,377 9,472 9,694 9,704 9,666 9,792 9,884 9,778 9,970 10,042 10,240 10,292

Participation rate

62.8 62.9 63.4 63.5 63.1 63.5 63.6 64.3 63.2 63.0 63.1 64.0 64.0

Employed

8,744 9,020 9,113 9,313 9,407 9,328 9,452 9,511 9,501 9,668 9,770 9,912 9,978

Employment-population ratio

60.3 60.5 61.0 61.0 61.2 61.3 61.4 61.9 61.4 61.1 61.4 61.9 62.0

Unemployed

351 357 359 381 297 338 340 374 277 302 272 328 314

Unemployment rate

3.9 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.8 2.8 3.0 2.7 3.2 3.0

Not in labor force

5,395 5,523 5,469 5,582 5,663 5,557 5,604 5,487 5,704 5,865 5,871 5,769 5,796

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

40,004 40,301 40,559 40,826 41,101 41,002 41,242 41,492 41,749 42,334 42,593 42,863 43,145

Civilian labor force

26,256 26,595 26,605 26,959 27,029 27,204 27,226 27,497 27,426 27,931 28,265 28,381 28,765

Participation rate

65.6 66.0 65.6 66.0 65.8 66.3 66.0 66.3 65.7 66.0 66.4 66.2 66.7

Employed

24,603 25,108 25,038 25,385 25,465 25,718 25,854 26,083 26,094 26,539 26,925 27,087 27,497

Employment-population ratio

61.5 62.3 61.7 62.2 62.0 62.7 62.7 62.9 62.5 62.7 63.2 63.2 63.7

Unemployed

1,653 1,487 1,567 1,574 1,564 1,486 1,372 1,414 1,333 1,392 1,340 1,294 1,268

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.0 5.1 4.9 5.0 4.7 4.6 4.4

Not in labor force

13,748 13,706 13,954 13,867 14,072 13,798 14,016 13,994 14,323 14,403 14,328 14,482 14,379

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,462 14,673 14,677 14,863 14,889 14,910 14,927 15,083 15,029 15,337 15,500 15,454 15,565

Participation rate

80.2 80.8 80.3 80.8 80.4 80.8 80.4 80.7 79.9 80.3 80.6 79.9 79.9

Employed

13,702 13,977 13,986 14,120 14,140 14,235 14,322 14,415 14,450 14,693 14,895 14,896 15,008

Employment-population ratio

76.0 76.9 76.5 76.7 76.3 77.1 77.1 77.2 76.9 76.9 77.5 77.0 77.0

Unemployed

761 696 691 743 749 675 605 668 580 644 605 558 557

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.7 4.7 5.0 5.0 4.5 4.1 4.4 3.9 4.2 3.9 3.6 3.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,670 10,736 10,732 10,927 10,979 11,093 11,048 11,183 11,185 11,307 11,520 11,662 11,876

Participation rate

58.5 58.4 58.0 58.6 58.5 59.2 58.6 59.0 58.6 58.5 59.3 59.6 60.3

Employed

9,978 10,134 10,068 10,290 10,373 10,479 10,459 10,606 10,624 10,751 10,957 11,117 11,354

Employment-population ratio

54.7 55.1 54.4 55.2 55.3 56.0 55.5 55.9 55.7 55.7 56.4 56.8 57.6

Unemployed

692 601 663 637 606 613 590 576 561 556 563 545 522

Unemployment rate

6.5 5.6 6.2 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,123 1,187 1,197 1,169 1,161 1,201 1,250 1,232 1,212 1,287 1,244 1,265 1,325

Participation rate

30.2 31.7 31.8 30.9 30.5 31.5 32.6 32.0 31.3 32.9 31.7 32.1 33.4

Employed

923 997 984 975 952 1,004 1,074 1,061 1,020 1,096 1,073 1,074 1,135

Employment-population ratio

24.8 26.6 26.1 25.7 25.0 26.3 28.0 27.5 26.4 28.0 27.3 27.2 28.6

Unemployed

201 190 213 194 209 197 177 170 192 191 171 191 190

Unemployment rate

17.9 16.0 17.8 16.6 18.0 16.4 14.1 13.8 15.8 14.9 13.7 15.1 14.3

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 04, 2019