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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-16. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 16 to 24 years of age by school enrollment, age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Enrollment status, age, sex, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and
educational attainment
December 2019
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
popula-
tion
Civilian labor force
Total Percent of
popula-
tion
Employed Unemployed
Total Full
time
Part
time
Total Looking
for
full-time
work
Looking
for
part-time
work
Percent of
labor
force

TOTAL ENROLLED

Total, 16 to 24 years

21,845 7,793 35.7 7,313 1,747 5,565 480 110 370 6.2

16 to 19 years

13,665 3,586 26.2 3,247 403 2,844 339 42 297 9.4

20 to 24 years

8,180 4,207 51.4 4,066 1,345 2,721 142 68 74 3.4

Men

10,573 3,471 32.8 3,223 848 2,375 248 58 191 7.1

Women

11,272 4,322 38.3 4,090 899 3,191 232 52 180 5.4

High school

10,075 2,110 20.9 1,845 94 1,752 264 20 244 12.5

College

11,771 5,683 48.3 5,467 1,654 3,814 216 90 126 3.8

Full-time students

10,332 4,504 43.6 4,335 1,057 3,279 168 60 109 3.7

Part-time students

1,439 1,180 82.0 1,132 597 535 48 30 18 4.1

White

Total, 16 to 24 years

15,793 5,965 37.8 5,585 1,258 4,328 380 70 310 6.4

16 to 19 years

10,003 2,873 28.7 2,591 297 2,294 282 27 255 9.8

20 to 24 years

5,791 3,092 53.4 2,994 961 2,033 98 43 55 3.2

Men

7,620 2,663 35.0 2,460 586 1,874 204 35 169 7.6

Women

8,174 3,302 40.4 3,125 671 2,454 177 36 141 5.3

High school

7,389 1,749 23.7 1,528 70 1,458 221 12 209 12.6

College

8,405 4,216 50.2 4,057 1,187 2,869 159 58 101 3.8

Full-time students

7,392 3,376 45.7 3,255 746 2,510 120 37 83 3.6

Part-time students

1,013 840 82.9 801 442 360 39 21 18 4.6

Black or African American

Total, 16 to 24 years

3,000 926 30.9 849 275 574 77 34 43 8.3

16 to 19 years

1,942 358 18.4 308 58 251 50 15 35 13.9

20 to 24 years

1,058 568 53.7 541 217 323 27 19 8 4.8

Men

1,446 405 28.0 373 137 236 32 22 10 7.9

Women

1,555 521 33.5 476 138 338 44 12 33 8.5

High school

1,468 194 13.2 155 17 138 40 8 32 20.4

College

1,532 731 47.7 694 258 436 37 26 11 5.1

Full-time students

1,295 536 41.4 508 153 355 28 17 11 5.2

Part-time students

237 195 82.3 186 105 81 9 9 0 4.7

Asian

Total, 16 to 24 years

1,734 408 23.5 390 84 306 18 5 13 4.5

16 to 19 years

855 132 15.4 129 23 106 3 0 3 2.0

20 to 24 years

879 276 31.4 261 61 200 16 5 11 5.6

Men

881 196 22.3 186 52 134 11 0 11 5.4

Women

853 212 24.8 204 32 172 8 5 3 3.6

High school

525 34 6.4 31 0 31 3 0 3 -

College

1,210 374 30.9 359 84 275 16 5 11 4.2

Full-time students

1,144 326 28.5 311 68 243 16 5 11 4.8

Part-time students

66 48 - 48 16 32 0 0 0 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total, 16 to 24 years

4,851 1,659 34.2 1,554 478 1,075 106 24 81 6.4

16 to 19 years

3,186 744 23.4 668 105 563 76 9 66 10.2

20 to 24 years

1,665 915 55.0 885 374 512 30 15 15 3.3

Men

2,340 769 32.9 712 236 476 57 12 45 7.4

Women

2,510 890 35.5 841 242 599 49 12 37 5.5

High school

2,431 391 16.1 341 36 305 50 0 50 12.8

College

2,420 1,268 52.4 1,212 442 770 55 24 32 4.4

Full-time students

1,989 894 44.9 856 253 603 37 15 22 4.2

Part-time students

431 374 86.8 356 189 168 18 8 10 4.8

TOTAL NOT ENROLLED

Total, 16 to 24 years

15,871 12,700 80.0 11,664 9,241 2,423 1,036 964 72 8.2

16 to 19 years

3,021 2,063 68.3 1,782 1,135 647 281 242 39 13.6

20 to 24 years

12,850 10,637 82.8 9,882 8,106 1,776 755 722 33 7.1

Men

8,380 6,930 82.7 6,305 5,224 1,081 625 586 39 9.0

Women

7,491 5,770 77.0 5,359 4,016 1,343 411 378 33 7.1

Less than a high school diploma

2,169 1,248 57.6 1,106 732 374 142 129 13 11.4

High school graduates, no college(1)

7,301 5,784 79.2 5,200 4,003 1,197 584 532 52 10.1

Some college or associate degree

3,693 3,161 85.6 2,946 2,322 624 215 208 7 6.8

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

2,709 2,507 92.5 2,412 2,184 228 95 95 0 3.8

White

Total, 16 to 24 years

11,837 9,559 80.7 8,867 7,104 1,763 692 625 68 7.2

16 to 19 years

2,229 1,549 69.5 1,345 845 499 204 166 39 13.2

20 to 24 years

9,609 8,010 83.4 7,522 6,258 1,264 488 459 29 6.1

Men

6,351 5,319 83.8 4,875 4,105 771 443 406 37 8.3

Women

5,487 4,240 77.3 3,991 2,999 992 249 218 30 5.9

Less than a high school diploma

1,557 874 56.2 788 524 264 86 73 13 9.8

High school graduates, no college(1)

5,487 4,375 79.7 3,984 3,144 840 391 342 49 8.9

Some college or associate degree

2,741 2,379 86.8 2,221 1,755 466 158 153 6 6.6

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

2,053 1,931 94.0 1,873 1,680 193 57 57 0 3.0

Black or African American

Total, 16 to 24 years

2,537 1,982 78.1 1,717 1,253 464 265 262 3 13.4

16 to 19 years

507 351 69.2 279 173 106 72 72 0 20.4

20 to 24 years

2,030 1,631 80.3 1,437 1,080 358 193 191 3 11.9

Men

1,259 990 78.6 836 593 243 155 155 0 15.6

Women

1,278 992 77.6 881 661 221 110 108 3 11.1

Less than a high school diploma

346 222 64.1 176 95 81 45 45 0 20.5

High school graduates, no college(1)

1,330 1,047 78.7 877 605 272 169 167 3 16.2

Some college or associate degree

579 485 83.6 454 358 97 30 30 0 6.2

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

281 229 81.4 209 195 14 20 20 0 8.8

Asian

Total, 16 to 24 years

549 445 80.9 420 370 50 25 23 2 5.6

16 to 19 years

73 52 - 52 51 1 0 0 0 -

20 to 24 years

476 392 82.3 368 318 49 25 23 2 6.3

Men

269 221 81.9 219 190 29 2 0 2 0.9

Women

280 224 80.0 201 180 21 23 23 0 10.2

Less than a high school diploma

80 48 60.7 43 43 1 5 5 0 -

High school graduates, no college(1)

108 88 80.8 88 68 20 0 0 0 0.0

Some college or associate degree

104 80 76.3 70 47 23 9 8 2 11.9

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

257 229 89.1 219 213 6 10 10 0 4.5

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total, 16 to 24 years

3,956 3,129 79.1 2,884 2,323 560 245 224 21 7.8

16 to 19 years

831 561 67.5 475 321 154 85 71 14 15.2

20 to 24 years

3,125 2,568 82.2 2,409 2,002 407 160 153 7 6.2

Men

2,109 1,795 85.1 1,679 1,429 250 116 108 8 6.4

Women

1,847 1,334 72.2 1,204 894 310 129 116 13 9.7

Less than a high school diploma

729 435 59.7 380 292 87 55 52 3 12.7

High school graduates, no college(1)

2,055 1,667 81.1 1,562 1,251 311 105 87 18 6.3

Some college or associate degree

857 733 85.6 665 536 129 68 68 0 9.3

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

315 294 93.2 278 244 33 16 16 0 5.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: In the summer months, the temporary movement of high school and college students into the not enrolled group increases the educational attainment levels of youth not enrolled in school. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Full time is 35 hours or more per week; part time is less than 35 hours. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 75,000).

 

Last Modified Date: January 10, 2020