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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
5. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, and race
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Total White Black or African
American
Asian
2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

237,830 239,618 192,075 193,077 28,708 29,114 11,199 11,439

Civilian labor force

153,889 153,617 125,084 124,579 17,862 17,881 7,248 7,386

Participation rate

64.7 64.1 65.1 64.5 62.2 61.4 64.7 64.6

Employed

139,064 139,869 114,168 114,690 15,010 15,051 6,705 6,867

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.4 59.4 59.4 52.3 51.7 59.9 60.0

Unemployed

14,825 13,747 10,916 9,889 2,852 2,831 543 518

Unemployment rate

9.6 8.9 8.7 7.9 16.0 15.8 7.5 7.0

Not in labor force

83,941 86,001 66,991 68,498 10,846 11,233 3,951 4,054

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

115,174 116,317 94,082 94,801 12,939 13,164 5,315 5,429

Civilian labor force

81,985 81,975 67,728 67,551 8,415 8,454 3,893 3,972

Participation rate

71.2 70.5 72.0 71.3 65.0 64.2 73.2 73.2

Employed

73,359 74,290 61,252 61,920 6,865 6,953 3,588 3,703

Employment-population ratio

63.7 63.9 65.1 65.3 53.1 52.8 67.5 68.2

Unemployed

8,626 7,684 6,476 5,631 1,550 1,502 305 269

Unemployment rate

10.5 9.4 9.6 8.3 18.4 17.8 7.8 6.8

Not in labor force

33,189 34,343 26,353 27,249 4,524 4,710 1,422 1,457

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

106,596 107,736 87,502 88,191 11,626 11,882 4,984 5,098

Civilian labor force

78,994 79,080 65,265 65,165 8,076 8,125 3,820 3,905

Participation rate

74.1 73.4 74.6 73.9 69.5 68.4 76.6 76.6

Employed

71,230 72,182 59,438 60,118 6,680 6,765 3,534 3,657

Employment-population ratio

66.8 67.0 67.9 68.2 57.5 56.9 70.9 71.7

Unemployed

7,763 6,898 5,828 5,046 1,396 1,360 286 249

Unemployment rate

9.8 8.7 8.9 7.7 17.3 16.7 7.5 6.4

Not in labor force

27,603 28,656 22,236 23,026 3,550 3,757 1,164 1,193

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,656 123,300 97,993 98,276 15,769 15,950 5,884 6,011

Civilian labor force

71,904 71,642 57,356 57,028 9,447 9,427 3,355 3,414

Participation rate

58.6 58.1 58.5 58.0 59.9 59.1 57.0 56.8

Employed

65,705 65,579 52,916 52,770 8,145 8,098 3,117 3,165

Employment-population ratio

53.6 53.2 54.0 53.7 51.7 50.8 53.0 52.6

Unemployed

6,199 6,063 4,440 4,257 1,302 1,329 238 250

Unemployment rate

8.6 8.5 7.7 7.5 13.8 14.1 7.1 7.3

Not in labor force

50,752 51,658 40,638 41,248 6,322 6,523 2,529 2,596

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

114,333 115,107 91,683 92,068 14,425 14,638 5,566 5,690

Civilian labor force

68,990 68,810 54,957 54,700 9,110 9,110 3,285 3,339

Participation rate

60.3 59.8 59.9 59.4 63.2 62.2 59.0 58.7

Employed

63,456 63,360 50,997 50,881 7,944 7,906 3,064 3,105

Employment-population ratio

55.5 55.0 55.6 55.3 55.1 54.0 55.0 54.6

Unemployed

5,534 5,450 3,960 3,818 1,165 1,204 221 234

Unemployment rate

8.0 7.9 7.2 7.0 12.8 13.2 6.7 7.0

Not in labor force

45,343 46,297 36,725 37,368 5,315 5,529 2,281 2,351

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,901 16,774 12,891 12,818 2,657 2,594 649 652

Civilian labor force

5,906 5,727 4,861 4,714 677 647 143 141

Participation rate

34.9 34.1 37.7 36.8 25.5 24.9 22.0 21.7

Employed

4,378 4,327 3,733 3,691 386 380 108 106

Employment-population ratio

25.9 25.8 29.0 28.8 14.5 14.7 16.6 16.2

Unemployed

1,528 1,400 1,128 1,024 291 267 35 36

Unemployment rate

25.9 24.4 23.2 21.7 43.0 41.3 24.8 25.2

Not in labor force

10,995 11,048 8,030 8,103 1,980 1,947 506 510

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: March 1, 2012