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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
7. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status,
sex, race, and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity
Less than a
high school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some college or associate degree Bachelor's
degree
and higher(2)
2010 2011 2010 2011 Total Some college,
no degree
Associate
degree
2010 2011
2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

25,666 25,122 62,037 61,932 52,222 53,089 33,656 33,898 18,565 19,191 59,957 61,277

Civilian labor force

11,880 11,599 38,236 37,344 36,840 36,831 22,958 22,686 13,882 14,145 45,998 46,846

Participation rate

46.3 46.2 61.6 60.3 70.5 69.4 68.2 66.9 74.8 73.7 76.7 76.4

Employed

10,115 9,967 34,293 33,823 33,747 33,895 20,838 20,712 12,910 13,182 43,832 44,822

Employment-population ratio

39.4 39.7 55.3 54.6 64.6 63.8 61.9 61.1 69.5 68.7 73.1 73.1

Unemployed

1,765 1,632 3,943 3,521 3,093 2,937 2,120 1,974 973 963 2,167 2,024

Unemployment rate

14.9 14.1 10.3 9.4 8.4 8.0 9.2 8.7 7.0 6.8 4.7 4.3

Men

Civilian noninstitutional population

12,820 12,563 30,282 30,264 23,752 24,307 15,889 16,078 7,863 8,229 29,191 29,758

Civilian labor force

7,571 7,398 21,611 21,169 18,212 18,229 11,890 11,760 6,322 6,469 23,736 24,183

Participation rate

59.1 58.9 71.4 69.9 76.7 75.0 74.8 73.1 80.4 78.6 81.3 81.3

Employed

6,434 6,388 19,159 19,059 16,566 16,771 10,737 10,741 5,829 6,029 22,606 23,138

Employment-population ratio

50.2 50.9 63.3 63.0 69.7 69.0 67.6 66.8 74.1 73.3 77.4 77.8

Unemployed

1,137 1,009 2,452 2,110 1,646 1,458 1,153 1,018 493 440 1,130 1,045

Unemployment rate

15.0 13.6 11.3 10.0 9.0 8.0 9.7 8.7 7.8 6.8 4.8 4.3

Women

Civilian noninstitutional population

12,846 12,559 31,755 31,668 28,470 28,782 17,767 17,820 10,702 10,962 30,766 31,519

Civilian labor force

4,309 4,201 16,625 16,175 18,628 18,602 11,068 10,926 7,560 7,676 22,263 22,663

Participation rate

33.5 33.5 52.4 51.1 65.4 64.6 62.3 61.3 70.6 70.0 72.4 71.9

Employed

3,681 3,579 15,134 14,764 17,181 17,124 10,101 9,971 7,080 7,153 21,226 21,684

Employment-population ratio

28.7 28.5 47.7 46.6 60.4 59.5 56.9 56.0 66.2 65.3 69.0 68.8

Unemployed

628 623 1,492 1,411 1,447 1,478 967 955 480 523 1,037 978

Unemployment rate

14.6 14.8 9.0 8.7 7.8 7.9 8.7 8.7 6.3 6.8 4.7 4.3

White

Civilian noninstitutional population

20,176 19,765 50,794 50,280 42,501 43,136 27,196 27,370 15,306 15,765 49,432 50,516

Civilian labor force

9,627 9,443 31,065 30,093 29,785 29,717 18,339 18,109 11,445 11,609 37,798 38,492

Participation rate

47.7 47.8 61.2 59.8 70.1 68.9 67.4 66.2 74.8 73.6 76.5 76.2

Employed

8,290 8,248 28,128 27,568 27,506 27,635 16,800 16,713 10,707 10,922 36,176 36,975

Employment-population ratio

41.1 41.7 55.4 54.8 64.7 64.1 61.8 61.1 70.0 69.3 73.2 73.2

Unemployed

1,337 1,195 2,937 2,524 2,278 2,083 1,540 1,396 738 687 1,622 1,516

Unemployment rate

13.9 12.7 9.5 8.4 7.6 7.0 8.4 7.7 6.5 5.9 4.3 3.9

Black or African American

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,672 3,545 7,880 8,176 6,747 6,877 4,559 4,563 2,188 2,314 4,655 4,755

Civilian labor force

1,423 1,343 5,029 5,088 4,960 4,960 3,299 3,233 1,661 1,727 3,701 3,738

Participation rate

38.8 37.9 63.8 62.2 73.5 72.1 72.4 70.8 75.9 74.6 79.5 78.6

Employed

1,103 1,013 4,234 4,298 4,346 4,311 2,864 2,792 1,482 1,519 3,409 3,474

Employment-population ratio

30.0 28.6 53.7 52.6 64.4 62.7 62.8 61.2 67.7 65.6 73.2 73.1

Unemployed

321 330 795 790 614 649 435 440 179 208 292 264

Unemployment rate

22.5 24.6 15.8 15.5 12.4 13.1 13.2 13.6 10.8 12.1 7.9 7.1

Asian

Civilian noninstitutional population

1,099 1,097 1,980 2,072 1,599 1,652 966 1,015 633 637 4,932 5,027

Civilian labor force

485 463 1,244 1,265 1,129 1,167 675 707 454 460 3,743 3,831

Participation rate

44.1 42.2 62.8 61.1 70.6 70.6 69.8 69.6 71.8 72.2 75.9 76.2

Employed

431 419 1,149 1,169 1,037 1,080 611 650 426 430 3,538 3,632

Employment-population ratio

39.2 38.2 58.1 56.4 64.8 65.4 63.2 64.0 67.3 67.6 71.7 72.2

Unemployed

54 44 95 96 92 86 64 57 28 30 205 199

Unemployment rate

11.1 9.5 7.6 7.6 8.1 7.4 9.5 8.0 6.2 6.5 5.5 5.2

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,646 9,612 7,915 8,000 5,302 5,466 3,565 3,622 1,737 1,844 3,727 3,761

Civilian labor force

5,970 5,859 5,849 5,813 4,124 4,214 2,753 2,770 1,372 1,444 3,044 3,030

Participation rate

61.9 61.0 73.9 72.7 77.8 77.1 77.2 76.5 79.0 78.3 81.7 80.6

Employed

5,183 5,156 5,175 5,216 3,725 3,830 2,474 2,513 1,252 1,317 2,862 2,857

Employment-population ratio

53.7 53.6 65.4 65.2 70.3 70.1 69.4 69.4 72.0 71.4 76.8 76.0

Unemployed

787 703 674 597 399 384 279 257 120 127 182 173

Unemployment rate

13.2 12.0 11.5 10.3 9.7 9.1 10.1 9.3 8.8 8.8 6.0 5.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor`s, master`s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: March 1, 2012