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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
40. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by selected characteristics
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2010 2011
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

124,073 14,715 11.9 16,290 13.1 125,187 14,764 11.8 16,290 13.0

16 to 24 years

16,638 722 4.3 836 5.0 16,910 737 4.4 845 5.0

25 years and over

107,435 13,993 13.0 15,453 14.4 108,278 14,027 13.0 15,444 14.3

25 to 34 years

28,363 2,860 10.1 3,179 11.2 28,682 2,829 9.9 3,155 11.0

35 to 44 years

27,356 3,512 12.8 3,888 14.2 27,231 3,470 12.7 3,804 14.0

45 to 54 years

28,860 4,340 15.0 4,774 16.5 28,693 4,286 14.9 4,707 16.4

55 to 64 years

18,199 2,849 15.7 3,126 17.2 18,751 2,949 15.7 3,219 17.2

65 years and over

4,657 432 9.3 486 10.4 4,920 494 10.0 559 11.4

Men, 16 years and over

63,531 7,994 12.6 8,761 13.8 64,686 8,006 12.4 8,731 13.5

16 to 24 years

8,291 419 5.0 476 5.7 8,636 435 5.0 486 5.6

25 years and over

55,240 7,575 13.7 8,286 15.0 56,050 7,571 13.5 8,246 14.7

25 to 34 years

15,148 1,603 10.6 1,759 11.6 15,465 1,541 10.0 1,706 11.0

35 to 44 years

14,430 1,966 13.6 2,151 14.9 14,412 1,946 13.5 2,114 14.7

45 to 54 years

14,423 2,349 16.3 2,554 17.7 14,415 2,327 16.1 2,513 17.4

55 to 64 years

8,895 1,430 16.1 1,566 17.6 9,212 1,497 16.2 1,623 17.6

65 years and over

2,343 227 9.7 256 10.9 2,547 260 10.2 290 11.4

Women, 16 years and over

60,542 6,722 11.1 7,528 12.4 60,502 6,758 11.2 7,558 12.5

16 to 24 years

8,347 303 3.6 361 4.3 8,274 302 3.6 360 4.3

25 years and over

52,195 6,418 12.3 7,167 13.7 52,228 6,456 12.4 7,199 13.8

25 to 34 years

13,215 1,257 9.5 1,420 10.7 13,218 1,288 9.7 1,449 11.0

35 to 44 years

12,926 1,546 12.0 1,737 13.4 12,819 1,524 11.9 1,690 13.2

45 to 54 years

14,437 1,991 13.8 2,219 15.4 14,278 1,959 13.7 2,195 15.4

55 to 64 years

9,303 1,419 15.3 1,560 16.8 9,540 1,452 15.2 1,596 16.7

65 years and over

2,314 205 8.8 230 10.0 2,373 233 9.8 269 11.3

RACE AND HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

White

101,042 11,865 11.7 13,111 13.0 101,768 11,853 11.6 13,061 12.8

Men

52,565 6,588 12.5 7,208 13.7 53,418 6,568 12.3 7,156 13.4

Women

48,477 5,277 10.9 5,903 12.2 48,351 5,285 10.9 5,905 12.2

Black or African American

14,195 1,896 13.4 2,115 14.9 14,249 1,927 13.5 2,140 15.0

Men

6,347 938 14.8 1,031 16.2 6,440 940 14.6 1,020 15.8

Women

7,848 958 12.2 1,085 13.8 7,808 987 12.6 1,119 14.3

Asian

5,900 645 10.9 713 12.1 6,153 623 10.1 690 11.2

Men

3,112 292 9.4 325 10.4 3,269 296 9.1 331 10.1

Women

2,787 353 12.6 388 13.9 2,884 327 11.4 359 12.4

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

18,263 1,820 10.0 2,021 11.1 18,733 1,826 9.7 2,015 10.8

Men

10,646 1,090 10.2 1,196 11.2 10,980 1,078 9.8 1,186 10.8

Women

7,616 730 9.6 825 10.8 7,754 748 9.6 829 10.7

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS(3)

Full-time workers

99,531 13,125 13.2 14,498 14.6 100,457 13,177 13.1 14,487 14.4

Part-time workers

24,351 1,560 6.4 1,760 7.2 24,502 1,557 6.4 1,769 7.2

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
(3) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data will not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders. Full time is 35 hours or more per week; part time is less than 35 hours.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: March 1, 2012