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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
44. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage by selected characteristics
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2011
Workers paid hourly rates
Total Below
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
At
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
Total at or below prevailing
Federal minimum
wage
Number Percent of
hourly-paid
workers

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

73,926 2,152 1,677 3,828 5.2

16 to 24 years

14,436 1,003 893 1,895 13.1

25 years and over

59,490 1,149 784 1,933 3.2

Men, 16 years and over

36,457 785 648 1,433 3.9

16 to 24 years

7,290 399 388 786 10.8

25 years and over

29,167 387 260 647 2.2

Women, 16 years and over

37,469 1,366 1,029 2,395 6.4

16 to 24 years

7,147 604 505 1,109 15.5

25 years and over

30,323 762 524 1,286 4.2

RACE AND HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

White

59,314 1,748 1,258 3,006 5.1

Men

29,743 624 484 1,108 3.7

Women

29,571 1,124 774 1,898 6.4

Black or African American

9,523 253 324 577 6.1

Men

4,252 105 117 221 5.2

Women

5,271 148 208 355 6.7

Asian

3,037 63 36 99 3.2

Men

1,425 28 13 41 2.9

Women

1,612 35 23 58 3.6

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

13,264 380 340 720 5.4

Men

7,703 172 154 326 4.2

Women

5,561 208 186 394 7.1

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS(1)

Full-time workers

53,594 752 522 1,274 2.4

Men

29,292 296 205 501 1.7

Women

24,302 456 317 774 3.2

Part-time workers

20,199 1,392 1,153 2,546 12.6

Men

7,103 489 443 931 13.1

Women

13,096 904 711 1,614 12.3

Footnotes
(1) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data will not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders. Full time is 35 hours or more per week; part time is less than 35 hours.

NOTE: The prevailing Federal minimum wage was $7.25 per hour in 2011. Data are for wage and salary workers; all self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. The data refer to a person's earnings on the sole or principal job, and pertain only to workers who are paid hourly rates. Salaried workers and other nonhourly workers are not included. Hourly earnings for hourly-paid workers do not include overtime pay, commissions, or tips received. The presence of workers with hourly earnings below the minimum wage does not necessarily indicate violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as there are exceptions to the minimum wage provisions of the law. In addition, some survey respondents may have rounded hourly earnings to the nearest dollar and, as a result, reported hourly earnings below the minimum wage even though they earned the minimum wage or higher. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: March 1, 2012