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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
50. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by certification and licensing status and selected characteristics, 2015 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in labor
force
Total Participation
rate
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Rate

Age

Total, 16 years and over

250,801 157,130 62.7 148,834 59.3 8,296 5.3 93,671

With a certification or license(1)

44,696 38,984 87.2 37,930 84.9 1,054 2.7 5,713

With a certification, but no license

5,461 4,739 86.8 4,575 83.8 165 3.5 722

With a license(2)

39,235 34,244 87.3 33,356 85.0 889 2.6 4,991

Without a certification or license

206,104 118,146 57.3 110,903 53.8 7,243 6.1 87,958

16 to 24 years

38,590 21,223 55.0 18,756 48.6 2,467 11.6 17,367

With a certification or license(1)

2,416 2,092 86.6 1,962 81.2 130 6.2 324

With a certification, but no license

353 291 82.3 272 76.9 19 6.5 63

With a license(2)

2,063 1,801 87.3 1,690 81.9 111 6.2 262

Without a certification or license

36,174 19,131 52.9 16,794 46.4 2,337 12.2 17,043

25 to 54 years

125,109 101,152 80.9 96,638 77.2 4,515 4.5 23,957

With a certification or license(1)

29,059 27,114 93.3 26,434 91.0 680 2.5 1,945

With a certification, but no license

3,676 3,403 92.6 3,296 89.6 107 3.2 273

With a license(2)

25,383 23,711 93.4 23,138 91.2 573 2.4 1,672

Without a certification or license

96,049 74,038 77.1 70,204 73.1 3,834 5.2 22,011

55 years and over

87,102 34,755 39.9 33,440 38.4 1,315 3.8 52,347

With a certification or license(1)

13,222 9,778 74.0 9,535 72.1 243 2.5 3,443

With a certification, but no license

1,432 1,046 73.0 1,007 70.4 38 3.7 386

With a license(2)

11,790 8,732 74.1 8,527 72.3 205 2.3 3,058

Without a certification or license

73,881 24,977 33.8 23,905 32.4 1,072 4.3 48,904

Sex

Men, 16 years and over

121,101 83,620 69.1 79,131 65.3 4,490 5.4 37,481

With a certification or license(1)

20,943 18,852 90.0 18,337 87.6 515 2.7 2,091

With a certification, but no license

3,111 2,814 90.4 2,710 87.1 104 3.7 297

With a license(2)

17,831 16,038 89.9 15,626 87.6 411 2.6 1,794

Without a certification or license

100,158 64,769 64.7 60,794 60.7 3,975 6.1 35,389

Women, 16 years and over

129,700 73,510 56.7 69,703 53.7 3,807 5.2 56,190

With a certification or license(1)

23,754 20,132 84.8 19,593 82.5 539 2.7 3,621

With a certification, but no license

2,350 1,926 81.9 1,864 79.3 61 3.2 424

With a license(2)

21,404 18,207 85.1 17,729 82.8 478 2.6 3,197

Without a certification or license

105,946 53,377 50.4 50,109 47.3 3,268 6.1 52,569

Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

White, 16 years and over

196,868 123,607 62.8 117,944 59.9 5,662 4.6 73,261

With a certification or license(1)

36,367 31,703 87.2 30,941 85.1 762 2.4 4,665

With a certification, but no license

4,347 3,774 86.8 3,659 84.2 115 3.0 573

With a license(2)

32,020 27,929 87.2 27,282 85.2 647 2.3 4,091

Without a certification or license

160,501 91,904 57.3 87,004 54.2 4,901 5.3 68,596

Black or African American, 16 years and over

31,386 19,318 61.5 17,472 55.7 1,846 9.6 12,068

With a certification or license(1)

4,802 4,153 86.5 3,947 82.2 206 5.0 649

With a certification, but no license

592 511 86.2 481 81.2 30 5.8 82

With a license(2)

4,209 3,642 86.5 3,466 82.3 176 4.8 567

Without a certification or license

26,584 15,165 57.0 13,525 50.9 1,640 10.8 11,419

Asian, 16 years and over

14,420 9,053 62.8 8,706 60.4 347 3.8 5,366

With a certification or license(1)

2,295 2,042 89.0 2,002 87.2 40 1.9 253

With a certification, but no license

349 304 87.3 295 84.5 10 3.1 44

With a license(2)

1,947 1,738 89.3 1,707 87.7 30 1.7 209

Without a certification or license

12,125 7,012 57.8 6,704 55.3 307 4.4 5,113

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 16 years and over

39,617 26,126 65.9 24,400 61.6 1,726 6.6 13,491

With a certification or license(1)

4,487 3,987 88.9 3,838 85.5 148 3.7 500

With a certification, but no license

641 555 86.6 533 83.2 22 4.0 86

With a license(2)

3,846 3,432 89.2 3,305 85.9 126 3.7 415

Without a certification or license

35,131 22,139 63.0 20,561 58.5 1,578 7.1 12,991

Educational attainment

Total, 25 years and over

212,211 135,907 64.0 130,077 61.3 5,830 4.3 76,304

With a certification or license(1)

42,281 36,892 87.3 35,968 85.1 924 2.5 5,389

With a certification, but no license

5,108 4,449 87.1 4,303 84.2 146 3.3 659

With a license(2)

37,173 32,443 87.3 31,665 85.2 778 2.4 4,729

Without a certification or license

169,930 99,015 58.3 94,109 55.4 4,906 5.0 70,915

Less than a high school diploma

24,175 10,971 45.4 10,098 41.8 873 8.0 13,203

With a certification or license(1)

1,078 891 82.7 846 78.5 45 5.1 187

With a certification, but no license

148 117 79.1 109 73.8 8 6.8 31

With a license(2)

930 774 83.2 737 79.3 37 4.8 156

Without a certification or license

23,097 10,080 43.6 9,252 40.1 828 8.2 13,017

High school graduates, no college(3)

61,712 35,322 57.2 33,402 54.1 1,920 5.4 26,390

With a certification or license(1)

6,381 5,636 88.3 5,460 85.6 177 3.1 745

With a certification, but no license

816 717 87.9 691 84.7 26 3.6 98

With a license(2)

5,566 4,919 88.4 4,768 85.7 151 3.1 647

Without a certification or license

55,331 29,685 53.7 27,942 50.5 1,743 5.9 25,645

Some college or associate degree

56,263 37,481 66.6 35,785 63.6 1,695 4.5 18,782

With a certification or license(1)

12,098 10,497 86.8 10,141 83.8 356 3.4 1,601

With a certification, but no license

1,663 1,427 85.8 1,374 82.6 54 3.8 236

With a license(2)

10,435 9,070 86.9 8,767 84.0 303 3.3 1,365

Without a certification or license

44,165 26,984 61.1 25,645 58.1 1,339 5.0 17,181

Some college, no degree

35,326 22,706 64.3 21,573 61.1 1,134 5.0 12,619

With a certification or license(1)

6,082 5,218 85.8 5,019 82.5 198 3.8 864

With a certification, but no license

886 751 84.8 720 81.3 31 4.1 135

With a license(2)

5,195 4,466 86.0 4,299 82.7 167 3.7 729

Without a certification or license

29,244 17,489 59.8 16,554 56.6 935 5.3 11,755

Associate degree

20,937 14,774 70.6 14,213 67.9 562 3.8 6,163

With a certification or license(1)

6,016 5,279 87.8 5,121 85.1 158 3.0 737

With a certification, but no license

777 676 87.0 653 84.1 23 3.4 101

With a license(2)

5,239 4,603 87.9 4,468 85.3 135 2.9 636

Without a certification or license

14,921 9,495 63.6 9,091 60.9 404 4.3 5,426

   Bachelor's degree and higher

70,061 52,133 74.4 50,792 72.5 1,341 2.6 17,928

With a certification or license(1)

22,723 19,868 87.4 19,522 85.9 346 1.7 2,856

With a certification, but no license

2,481 2,187 88.2 2,129 85.8 58 2.7 294

With a license(2)

20,243 17,681 87.3 17,393 85.9 287 1.6 2,562

Without a certification or license

47,338 32,265 68.2 31,270 66.1 995 3.1 15,072

Bachelor's degree only

44,086 32,684 74.1 31,772 72.1 912 2.8 11,402

With a certification or license(1)

11,151 9,822 88.1 9,644 86.5 178 1.8 1,328

With a certification, but no license

1,442 1,275 88.4 1,244 86.3 31 2.4 167

With a license(2)

9,709 8,548 88.0 8,401 86.5 147 1.7 1,161

Without a certification or license

32,935 22,862 69.4 22,128 67.2 734 3.2 10,074

Advanced degree(4)

25,975 19,449 74.9 19,020 73.2 429 2.2 6,526

With a certification or license(1)

11,573 10,045 86.8 9,878 85.4 168 1.7 1,528

With a certification, but no license

1,039 912 87.8 885 85.2 27 3.0 127

With a license(2)

10,534 9,133 86.7 8,993 85.4 140 1.5 1,401

Without a certification or license

14,402 9,404 65.3 9,142 63.5 261 2.8 4,999

Footnotes:
(1) A person may have more than one certification or license.
(2) Persons with a license may also have a certification.
(3) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(4) Includes persons with master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Certifications are issued by a non-governmental certification body and convey that an individual has the knowledge or skill to perform a specific job. A license is awarded by a government agency and conveys a legal authority to work in an occupation. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.

 

(Certification and licensing status tables 1-7 were renumbered as annual average tables 49-55 in February 2018.)

Last Modified Date: February 7, 2018