Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
53. Certification and licensing status of the employed by occupation, 2015 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Total
employed
Percent distribution
Total
employed
With a certification or license(1) Without a
certification
or license
Total With a
certification,
but no license
With a
license(2)

Total, 16 years and over

148,834 100.0 25.5 3.1 22.4 74.5

Management, professional, and related occupations

57,960 100.0 37.6 4.2 33.4 62.4

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

24,108 100.0 23.5 4.0 19.5 76.5

Management occupations

16,994 100.0 23.3 4.0 19.3 76.7

Business and financial operations occupations

7,114 100.0 23.8 4.0 19.8 76.2

Professional and related occupations

33,852 100.0 47.7 4.4 43.3 52.3

Computer and mathematical occupations

4,369 100.0 15.8 8.5 7.3 84.2

Architecture and engineering occupations

2,954 100.0 26.6 4.6 22.0 73.4

Life, physical, and social science occupations

1,404 100.0 27.2 4.2 23.0 72.8

Community and social services occupations

2,596 100.0 39.7 5.6 34.1 60.3

Legal occupations

1,803 100.0 68.1 4.4 63.6 31.9

Education, training, and library occupations

8,908 100.0 55.5 2.1 53.4 44.5

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

3,051 100.0 10.8 2.9 7.9 89.2

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

8,766 100.0 76.9 4.7 72.2 23.1

Service occupations

25,896 100.0 22.8 2.3 20.5 77.2

Healthcare support occupations

3,514 100.0 51.8 4.8 47.0 48.2

Protective service occupations

3,109 100.0 40.0 2.4 37.6 60.0

Food preparation and serving related occupations

8,142 100.0 8.2 1.2 6.9 91.8

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

5,716 100.0 7.9 1.1 6.8 92.1

Personal care and service occupations

5,415 100.0 31.9 3.7 28.2 68.1

Sales and office occupations

33,598 100.0 13.1 1.9 11.2 86.9

Sales and related occupations

15,700 100.0 16.2 2.1 14.1 83.8

Office and administrative support occupations

17,897 100.0 10.3 1.7 8.6 89.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,733 100.0 21.3 3.7 17.5 78.7

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,073 100.0 8.0 0.5 7.4 92.0

Construction and extraction occupations

7,652 100.0 20.4 2.5 17.9 79.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

5,008 100.0 25.4 6.3 19.2 74.6

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

17,647 100.0 16.6 2.1 14.4 83.4

Production occupations

8,522 100.0 10.9 2.4 8.5 89.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

9,125 100.0 22.0 1.9 20.0 78.0

Footnotes:
(1) A person may have more than one certification or license.
(2) Persons with a license may also have a certification.

NOTE: Certifications are issued by a non-governmental certification body and convey that an individual has the knowledge or skill to perform a specific job. A license is awarded by a government agency and conveys a legal authority to work in an occupation.

 

(Certification and licensing status tables 1-7 were renumbered as annual average tables 49-55 in February 2018.)

Last Modified Date: February 7, 2018