HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
50. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by certification and licensing status and selected characteristics, 2016 annual averages

[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in labor
force
Total Participation
rate
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Rate

Age

Total, 16 years and over

253,538 159,187 62.8 151,436 59.7 7,751 4.9 94,351

With a certification or license(1)

44,499 38,801 87.2 37,829 85.0 972 2.5 5,698

With a certification, but no license

4,778 4,159 87.0 4,019 84.1 140 3.4 619

With a license(2)

39,721 34,642 87.2 33,810 85.1 832 2.4 5,079

Without a certification or license

209,038 120,386 57.6 113,607 54.3 6,779 5.6 88,652

16 to 24 years

38,435 21,202 55.2 18,992 49.4 2,211 10.4 17,232

With a certification or license(1)

2,392 2,060 86.1 1,951 81.5 109 5.3 332

With a certification, but no license

315 260 82.7 242 76.8 18 7.1 55

With a license(2)

2,077 1,800 86.6 1,709 82.3 91 5.1 277

Without a certification or license

36,042 19,142 53.1 17,041 47.3 2,101 11.0 16,900

25 to 54 years

125,761 102,248 81.3 98,004 77.9 4,244 4.2 23,513

With a certification or license(1)

28,772 26,903 93.5 26,282 91.3 621 2.3 1,869

With a certification, but no license

3,185 2,962 93.0 2,875 90.3 87 2.9 223

With a license(2)

25,587 23,941 93.6 23,407 91.5 534 2.2 1,646

Without a certification or license

96,989 75,345 77.7 71,722 73.9 3,622 4.8 21,644

55 years and over

89,342 35,737 40.0 34,440 38.5 1,296 3.6 53,606

With a certification or license(1)

13,335 9,838 73.8 9,596 72.0 242 2.5 3,497

With a certification, but no license

1,278 937 73.3 902 70.6 35 3.7 341

With a license(2)

12,057 8,901 73.8 8,694 72.1 207 2.3 3,156

Without a certification or license

76,007 25,899 34.1 24,844 32.7 1,055 4.1 50,108

Sex

Men, 16 years and over

122,497 84,755 69.2 80,568 65.8 4,187 4.9 37,743

With a certification or license(1)

20,629 18,558 90.0 18,091 87.7 467 2.5 2,070

With a certification, but no license

2,662 2,394 89.9 2,312 86.9 82 3.4 268

With a license(2)

17,967 16,164 90.0 15,779 87.8 385 2.4 1,802

Without a certification or license

101,869 66,197 65.0 62,477 61.3 3,720 5.6 35,672

Women, 16 years and over

131,040 74,432 56.8 70,868 54.1 3,564 4.8 56,608

With a certification or license(1)

23,871 20,243 84.8 19,737 82.7 506 2.5 3,628

With a certification, but no license

2,116 1,765 83.4 1,707 80.7 58 3.3 351

With a license(2)

21,754 18,478 84.9 18,031 82.9 447 2.4 3,277

Without a certification or license

107,170 54,189 50.6 51,131 47.7 3,059 5.6 52,980

Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

White, 16 years and over

198,215 124,658 62.9 119,313 60.2 5,345 4.3 73,557

With a certification or license(1)

36,071 31,447 87.2 30,732 85.2 715 2.3 4,624

With a certification, but no license

3,841 3,357 87.4 3,255 84.7 102 3.0 484

With a license(2)

32,230 28,089 87.2 27,477 85.3 612 2.2 4,140

Without a certification or license

162,145 93,212 57.5 88,581 54.6 4,631 5.0 68,933

Black or African American, 16 years and over

31,889 19,637 61.6 17,982 56.4 1,655 8.4 12,252

With a certification or license(1)

4,794 4,155 86.7 3,984 83.1 172 4.1 639

With a certification, but no license

498 425 85.4 402 80.8 23 5.4 73

With a license(2)

4,296 3,730 86.8 3,581 83.4 149 4.0 566

Without a certification or license

27,095 15,481 57.1 13,998 51.7 1,483 9.6 11,614

Asian, 16 years and over

15,121 9,562 63.2 9,213 60.9 349 3.6 5,559

With a certification or license(1)

2,324 2,059 88.6 2,023 87.1 36 1.7 265

With a certification, but no license

290 253 87.2 247 85.0 6 2.5 37

With a license(2)

2,034 1,806 88.8 1,777 87.4 29 1.6 228

Without a certification or license

12,797 7,503 58.6 7,190 56.2 313 4.2 5,294

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 16 years and over

40,697 26,797 65.8 25,249 62.0 1,548 5.8 13,900

With a certification or license(1)

4,503 3,967 88.1 3,828 85.0 140 3.5 536

With a certification, but no license

526 453 86.1 430 81.6 24 5.2 73

With a license(2)

3,976 3,514 88.4 3,398 85.4 116 3.3 463

Without a certification or license

36,194 22,830 63.1 21,422 59.2 1,408 6.2 13,364

Educational attainment

Total, 25 years and over

215,103 137,985 64.1 132,444 61.6 5,540 4.0 77,118

With a certification or license(1)

42,107 36,741 87.3 35,878 85.2 863 2.3 5,366

With a certification, but no license

4,463 3,899 87.4 3,777 84.6 122 3.1 565

With a license(2)

37,644 32,842 87.2 32,101 85.3 741 2.3 4,802

Without a certification or license

172,996 101,244 58.5 96,567 55.8 4,677 4.6 71,752

Less than a high school diploma

23,368 10,679 45.7 9,884 42.3 795 7.4 12,689

With a certification or license(1)

1,049 860 81.9 821 78.3 38 4.4 189

With a certification, but no license

127 107 84.4 101 80.0 6 5.3 20

With a license(2)

922 753 81.6 720 78.1 32 4.3 170

Without a certification or license

22,319 9,819 44.0 9,062 40.6 757 7.7 12,500

High school graduates, no college(3)

62,022 35,649 57.5 33,801 54.5 1,847 5.2 26,373

With a certification or license(1)

6,347 5,573 87.8 5,387 84.9 187 3.4 774

With a certification, but no license

699 609 87.1 584 83.5 25 4.2 90

With a license(2)

5,648 4,964 87.9 4,803 85.0 162 3.3 684

Without a certification or license

55,674 30,075 54.0 28,415 51.0 1,660 5.5 25,599

Some college or associate degree

57,185 37,934 66.3 36,386 63.6 1,549 4.1 19,251

With a certification or license(1)

11,921 10,372 87.0 10,059 84.4 313 3.0 1,549

With a certification, but no license

1,404 1,224 87.1 1,176 83.7 48 3.9 180

With a license(2)

10,517 9,149 87.0 8,883 84.5 265 2.9 1,368

Without a certification or license

45,264 27,562 60.9 26,326 58.2 1,235 4.5 17,702

Some college, no degree

35,489 22,667 63.9 21,668 61.1 1,000 4.4 12,822

With a certification or license(1)

5,844 5,067 86.7 4,902 83.9 165 3.3 777

With a certification, but no license

732 629 85.8 599 81.9 29 4.6 104

With a license(2)

5,112 4,439 86.8 4,303 84.2 136 3.1 673

Without a certification or license

29,645 17,600 59.4 16,765 56.6 835 4.7 12,045

Associate degree

21,696 15,267 70.4 14,718 67.8 549 3.6 6,429

With a certification or license(1)

6,077 5,305 87.3 5,157 84.9 148 2.8 772

With a certification, but no license

672 595 88.6 576 85.8 19 3.1 77

With a license(2)

5,405 4,710 87.1 4,581 84.7 129 2.7 695

Without a certification or license

15,619 9,962 63.8 9,561 61.2 401 4.0 5,657

Bachelor's degree and higher

72,528 53,723 74.1 52,374 72.2 1,349 2.5 18,805

With a certification or license(1)

22,790 19,935 87.5 19,611 86.1 325 1.6 2,854

With a certification, but no license

2,233 1,959 87.7 1,916 85.8 43 2.2 274

With a license(2)

20,556 17,976 87.4 17,695 86.1 282 1.6 2,580

Without a certification or license

49,739 33,788 67.9 32,763 65.9 1,024 3.0 15,951

Bachelor's degree only

45,327 33,384 73.7 32,475 71.6 909 2.7 11,943

With a certification or license(1)

11,086 9,765 88.1 9,594 86.5 171 1.8 1,321

With a certification, but no license

1,313 1,178 89.7 1,153 87.8 25 2.1 135

With a license(2)

9,773 8,587 87.9 8,441 86.4 146 1.7 1,185

Without a certification or license

34,241 23,620 69.0 22,881 66.8 739 3.1 10,622

Advanced degree(4)

27,201 20,339 74.8 19,899 73.2 440 2.2 6,863

With a certification or license(1)

11,704 10,171 86.9 10,017 85.6 154 1.5 1,533

With a certification, but no license

920 782 84.9 763 82.9 18 2.4 139

With a license(2)

10,784 9,389 87.1 9,254 85.8 136 1.4 1,395

Without a certification or license

15,497 10,168 65.6 9,882 63.8 286 2.8 5,329

Footnotes
(1) A person may have more than one certification or license.
(2) Persons with a license may also have a certification.
(3) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(4) Includes persons with master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Certifications are issued by a non-governmental certification body and convey that an individual has the knowledge or skill to perform a specific job. A license is awarded by a government agency and conveys a legal authority to work in an occupation. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

(Certification and licensing status tables 1-7 renumbered as annual average tables 49-55 in February 2018.)

Last Modified Date: February 8, 2018