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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
7. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status,
sex, race, and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity
2017
Less than a
high school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some college or associate degree Bachelor's degree and higher
Total Some college,
no degree
Associate
degree
Total(2) Bachelor's
degree
only
Advanced
degree

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

22,638 62,192 57,261 35,211 22,050 74,838 47,056 27,782

Civilian labor force

10,343 35,874 37,696 22,339 15,357 55,246 34,480 20,766

Participation rate

45.7 57.7 65.8 63.4 69.6 73.8 73.3 74.7

Employed

9,668 34,210 36,282 21,440 14,842 53,971 33,620 20,351

Employment-population ratio

42.7 55.0 63.4 60.9 67.3 72.1 71.4 73.3

Unemployed

674 1,664 1,414 899 515 1,275 860 415

Unemployment rate

6.5 4.6 3.8 4.0 3.4 2.3 2.5 2.0

Men

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,220 30,948 26,310 16,813 9,497 35,579 22,288 13,291

Civilian labor force

6,529 20,944 19,003 11,811 7,193 27,781 17,545 10,236

Participation rate

58.2 67.7 72.2 70.2 75.7 78.1 78.7 77.0

Employed

6,129 20,013 18,324 11,355 6,969 27,172 17,137 10,035

Employment-population ratio

54.6 64.7 69.6 67.5 73.4 76.4 76.9 75.5

Unemployed

401 931 679 456 223 608 408 200

Unemployment rate

6.1 4.4 3.6 3.9 3.1 2.2 2.3 2.0

Women

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,418 31,244 30,951 18,399 12,553 39,259 24,768 14,491

Civilian labor force

3,813 14,930 18,693 10,528 8,165 27,465 16,935 10,531

Participation rate

33.4 47.8 60.4 57.2 65.0 70.0 68.4 72.7

Employed

3,540 14,197 17,958 10,085 7,873 26,799 16,483 10,316

Employment-population ratio

31.0 45.4 58.0 54.8 62.7 68.3 66.5 71.2

Unemployed

273 733 735 443 292 667 452 215

Unemployment rate

7.2 4.9 3.9 4.2 3.6 2.4 2.7 2.0

White

Civilian noninstitutional population

17,229 48,904 45,284 27,518 17,766 59,485 37,765 21,719

Civilian labor force

8,151 27,837 29,366 17,127 12,239 43,563 27,607 15,957

Participation rate

47.3 56.9 64.8 62.2 68.9 73.2 73.1 73.5

Employed

7,690 26,710 28,388 16,515 11,872 42,662 26,986 15,676

Employment-population ratio

44.6 54.6 62.7 60.0 66.8 71.7 71.5 72.2

Unemployed

461 1,127 978 612 366 902 621 281

Unemployment rate

5.7 4.1 3.3 3.6 3.0 2.1 2.2 1.8

Black or African American

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,218 8,863 7,939 5,212 2,726 6,478 4,104 2,375

Civilian labor force

1,186 5,302 5,550 3,550 2,000 5,055 3,179 1,876

Participation rate

36.9 59.8 69.9 68.1 73.4 78.0 77.5 79.0

Employed

1,038 4,889 5,230 3,335 1,894 4,874 3,050 1,823

Employment-population ratio

32.3 55.2 65.9 64.0 69.5 75.2 74.3 76.8

Unemployed

148 412 321 215 106 182 129 53

Unemployment rate

12.5 7.8 5.8 6.1 5.3 3.6 4.0 2.8

Asian

Civilian noninstitutional population

1,237 2,491 2,076 1,192 884 7,327 4,139 3,188

Civilian labor force

503 1,515 1,420 788 632 5,409 2,881 2,528

Participation rate

40.7 60.8 68.4 66.1 71.5 73.8 69.6 79.3

Employed

481 1,474 1,375 764 611 5,261 2,800 2,460

Employment-population ratio

38.9 59.2 66.2 64.1 69.1 71.8 67.7 77.2

Unemployed

22 41 45 24 21 148 81 68

Unemployment rate

4.4 2.7 3.2 3.0 3.4 2.7 2.8 2.7

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,728 10,012 7,220 4,566 2,654 5,880 4,152 1,728

Civilian labor force

5,755 6,967 5,406 3,393 2,013 4,661 3,247 1,414

Participation rate

59.2 69.6 74.9 74.3 75.8 79.3 78.2 81.8

Employed

5,462 6,642 5,196 3,258 1,937 4,525 3,139 1,386

Employment-population ratio

56.1 66.3 72.0 71.4 73.0 77.0 75.6 80.2

Unemployed

293 325 210 134 76 136 107 29

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.7 3.9 4.0 3.8 2.9 3.3 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor`s, master`s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 16, 2019