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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links

See also PDF and XLSX versions of this table.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
45. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage by occupation and industry
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation and industry 2019
Workers paid hourly rates
Total Below
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
At
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
Total at or below prevailing
Federal minimum
wage
Number Percent of
hourly-paid
workers

Total wage and salary workers

82,289 1,211 392 1,603 1.9

OCCUPATION

Management, professional, and related occupations

18,981 64 29 93 0.5

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

5,598 19 3 22 0.4

Management occupations

3,354 10 3 12 0.4

Business and financial operations occupations

2,244 9 1 10 0.4

Professional and related occupations

13,383 45 26 71 0.5

Computer and mathematical occupations

1,184 4 0 4 0.3

Architecture and engineering occupations

1,040 1 0 1 0.1

Life, physical, and social science occupations

448 3 3 6 1.2

Community and social service occupations

1,042 6 2 8 0.7

Legal occupations

347 0 0 0 0.1

Education, training, and library occupations

2,786 12 11 23 0.8

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

930 5 4 9 0.9

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

5,607 15 6 21 0.4

Service occupations

19,726 949 181 1,131 5.7

Healthcare support occupations

3,050 28 13 41 1.3

Protective service occupations

2,044 24 5 29 1.4

Food preparation and serving related occupations

7,350 787 100 887 12.1

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

3,976 46 22 68 1.7

Personal care and service occupations

3,306 64 42 106 3.2

Sales and office occupations

20,236 87 123 209 1.0

Sales and related occupations

7,878 39 98 136 1.7

Office and administrative support occupations

12,358 48 25 73 0.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

9,446 25 11 36 0.4

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

803 7 3 10 1.2

Construction and extraction occupations

5,219 7 3 11 0.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

3,424 11 4 15 0.4

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

13,900 86 49 134 1.0

Production occupations

6,988 21 11 32 0.5

Transportation and material moving occupations

6,912 65 38 103 1.5

INDUSTRY

Private sector

72,601 1,154 362 1,516 2.1

Agriculture and related industries

934 7 3 10 1.1

Nonagricultural industries

71,667 1,146 359 1,505 2.1

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

364 0 0 0 0.0

Construction

5,514 12 2 14 0.3

Manufacturing

9,455 25 13 38 0.4

Durable goods

5,871 16 2 18 0.3

Nondurable goods

3,585 9 11 20 0.6

Wholesale and retail trade

12,527 48 93 141 1.1

Wholesale trade

1,628 4 4 8 0.5

Retail trade

10,899 44 89 134 1.2

Transportation and utilities

4,059 22 12 34 0.8

Transportation and warehousing

3,457 22 11 33 1.0

Utilities

603 0 1 1 0.2

Information(1)

1,030 9 7 15 1.5

Publishing, except Internet

105 0 0 0 0.2

Motion pictures and sound recording industries

209 2 5 6 2.9

Radio and television broadcasting and cable subscription programming

224 3 0 3 1.3

Telecommunications

376 3 0 3 0.7

Financial activities

3,554 13 5 19 0.5

Finance and insurance

2,525 8 3 11 0.4

Finance

1,584 4 2 6 0.4

Insurance

941 4 1 5 0.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,029 5 2 7 0.7

Professional and business services

6,763 47 9 56 0.8

Professional and technical services

3,054 11 3 14 0.5

Management, administrative, and waste services

3,709 36 7 42 1.1

Education and health services

14,600 94 55 149 1.0

Educational services

1,989 15 10 25 1.3

Health care and social assistance

12,612 79 45 124 1.0

Leisure and hospitality

10,307 830 146 977 9.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,658 42 15 57 3.4

Accommodation and food services

8,649 788 132 920 10.6

Accommodation

1,050 21 7 27 2.6

Food services and drinking places

7,599 768 125 893 11.7

Other services

3,492 46 16 62 1.8

Other services, except private households

2,857 37 8 45 1.6

Private households

635 9 8 17 2.7

Public sector

9,689 58 30 88 0.9

Federal government

1,846 4 4 8 0.5

State government

2,943 22 11 33 1.1

Local government

4,900 31 15 46 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.

NOTE: The prevailing Federal minimum wage was $7.25 per hour in 2019. Data are for wage and salary workers; all self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. The data refer to a person's earnings on the sole or principal job, and pertain only to workers who are paid hourly rates. Salaried workers and other non-hourly workers are not included. Hourly earnings for hourly-paid workers do not include overtime pay, commissions, or tips received. The presence of workers with hourly earnings below the minimum wage does not necessarily indicate violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as there are exceptions to the minimum wage provisions of the law. In addition, some survey respondents may have rounded hourly earnings to the nearest dollar and, as a result, reported hourly earnings below the minimum wage even though they earned the minimum wage or higher. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 22, 2020