HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
5. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, and race
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Total White Black or African
American
Asian
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

255,079 257,791 198,942 200,221 32,247 32,761 15,368 15,961

Civilian labor force

160,320 162,075 124,941 125,815 20,088 20,414 9,781 10,137

Participation rate

62.9 62.9 62.8 62.8 62.3 62.3 63.6 63.5

Employed

153,337 155,761 120,176 121,461 18,587 19,091 9,448 9,832

Employment-population ratio

60.1 60.4 60.4 60.7 57.6 58.3 61.5 61.6

Unemployed

6,982 6,314 4,765 4,354 1,501 1,322 333 304

Unemployment rate

4.4 3.9 3.8 3.5 7.5 6.5 3.4 3.0

Not in labor force

94,759 95,716 74,001 74,407 12,159 12,347 5,587 5,825

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

123,275 124,678 97,225 97,933 14,712 14,964 7,181 7,471

Civilian labor force

85,145 86,096 67,592 68,082 9,508 9,694 5,166 5,346

Participation rate

69.1 69.1 69.5 69.5 64.6 64.8 71.9 71.6

Employed

81,402 82,698 65,000 65,702 8,742 9,018 4,989 5,188

Employment-population ratio

66.0 66.3 66.9 67.1 59.4 60.3 69.5 69.4

Unemployed

3,743 3,398 2,592 2,380 766 676 177 159

Unemployment rate

4.4 3.9 3.8 3.5 8.1 7.0 3.4 3.0

Not in labor force

38,130 38,582 29,633 29,850 5,204 5,270 2,015 2,124

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

114,783 116,185 90,941 91,662 13,464 13,723 6,747 7,012

Civilian labor force

82,206 83,188 65,296 65,812 9,163 9,327 5,061 5,255

Participation rate

71.6 71.6 71.8 71.8 68.1 68.0 75.0 74.9

Employed

78,919 80,211 63,009 63,719 8,500 8,745 4,897 5,103

Employment-population ratio

68.8 69.0 69.3 69.5 63.1 63.7 72.6 72.8

Unemployed

3,287 2,976 2,288 2,094 663 582 164 152

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.6 3.5 3.2 7.2 6.2 3.2 2.9

Not in labor force

32,577 32,997 25,645 25,849 4,301 4,396 1,686 1,756

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

131,804 133,112 101,717 102,289 17,535 17,797 8,187 8,491

Civilian labor force

75,175 75,978 57,349 57,732 10,580 10,720 4,615 4,790

Participation rate

57.0 57.1 56.4 56.4 60.3 60.2 56.4 56.4

Employed

71,936 73,063 55,176 55,759 9,845 10,073 4,458 4,644

Employment-population ratio

54.6 54.9 54.2 54.5 56.1 56.6 54.5 54.7

Unemployed

3,239 2,916 2,173 1,973 735 646 156 146

Unemployment rate

4.3 3.8 3.8 3.4 6.9 6.0 3.4 3.0

Not in labor force

56,629 57,134 44,368 44,556 6,955 7,077 3,572 3,700

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

123,542 124,841 95,661 96,242 16,272 16,539 7,743 8,022

Civilian labor force

72,213 73,002 55,103 55,426 10,171 10,324 4,513 4,699

Participation rate

58.5 58.5 57.6 57.6 62.5 62.4 58.3 58.6

Employed

69,344 70,424 53,179 53,682 9,514 9,751 4,368 4,563

Employment-population ratio

56.1 56.4 55.6 55.8 58.5 59.0 56.4 56.9

Unemployed

2,868 2,578 1,923 1,743 657 573 145 136

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.5 3.5 3.1 6.5 5.6 3.2 2.9

Not in labor force

51,330 51,839 40,559 40,816 6,101 6,215 3,230 3,323

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,754 16,765 12,339 12,318 2,511 2,499 878 928

Civilian labor force

5,901 5,885 4,542 4,576 754 763 207 182

Participation rate

35.2 35.1 36.8 37.2 30.0 30.5 23.5 19.6

Employed

5,074 5,126 3,989 4,060 573 596 183 166

Employment-population ratio

30.3 30.6 32.3 33.0 22.8 23.8 20.8 17.9

Unemployed

827 759 554 516 181 167 24 16

Unemployment rate

14.0 12.9 12.2 11.3 24.0 21.9 11.5 8.9

Not in labor force

10,853 10,879 7,797 7,741 1,758 1,736 672 746

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 18, 2019