HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
5. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, and race

[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Total White Black or African
American
Asian
2015 2016 2015 2016 2015 2016 2015 2016

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

250,801 253,538 196,868 198,215 31,386 31,889 14,420 15,121

Civilian labor force

157,130 159,187 123,607 124,658 19,318 19,637 9,053 9,562

Participation rate

62.7 62.8 62.8 62.9 61.5 61.6 62.8 63.2

Employed

148,834 151,436 117,944 119,313 17,472 17,982 8,706 9,213

Employment-population ratio

59.3 59.7 59.9 60.2 55.7 56.4 60.4 60.9

Unemployed

8,296 7,751 5,662 5,345 1,846 1,655 347 349

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.9 4.6 4.3 9.6 8.4 3.8 3.6

Not in labor force

93,671 94,351 73,261 73,557 12,068 12,252 5,366 5,559

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,101 122,497 96,147 96,861 14,268 14,525 6,737 7,064

Civilian labor force

83,620 84,755 67,018 67,564 9,099 9,315 4,811 5,091

Participation rate

69.1 69.2 69.7 69.8 63.8 64.1 71.4 72.1

Employed

79,131 80,568 63,892 64,612 8,164 8,471 4,620 4,915

Employment-population ratio

65.3 65.8 66.5 66.7 57.2 58.3 68.6 69.6

Unemployed

4,490 4,187 3,126 2,952 935 845 191 176

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.9 4.7 4.4 10.3 9.1 4.0 3.5

Not in labor force

37,481 37,743 29,129 29,297 5,169 5,209 1,925 1,973

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

112,671 114,023 89,865 90,572 13,031 13,278 6,331 6,640

Civilian labor force

80,735 81,759 64,710 65,169 8,773 8,965 4,728 5,000

Participation rate

71.7 71.7 72.0 72.0 67.3 67.5 74.7 75.3

Employed

76,776 78,084 61,959 62,575 7,938 8,228 4,552 4,836

Employment-population ratio

68.1 68.5 68.9 69.1 60.9 62.0 71.9 72.8

Unemployed

3,959 3,675 2,751 2,594 835 737 176 164

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.5 4.3 4.0 9.5 8.2 3.7 3.3

Not in labor force

31,936 32,263 25,155 25,403 4,258 4,313 1,603 1,640

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

129,700 131,040 100,720 101,354 17,118 17,365 7,683 8,057

Civilian labor force

73,510 74,432 56,589 57,095 10,218 10,321 4,242 4,471

Participation rate

56.7 56.8 56.2 56.3 59.7 59.4 55.2 55.5

Employed

69,703 70,868 54,052 54,701 9,308 9,511 4,086 4,298

Employment-population ratio

53.7 54.1 53.7 54.0 54.4 54.8 53.2 53.4

Unemployed

3,807 3,564 2,537 2,393 911 810 156 172

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.8 4.5 4.2 8.9 7.8 3.7 3.9

Not in labor force

56,190 56,608 44,132 44,260 6,899 7,043 3,441 3,586

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,511 122,801 94,680 95,301 15,863 16,102 7,256 7,635

Civilian labor force

70,695 71,538 54,410 54,871 9,843 9,943 4,154 4,383

Participation rate

58.2 58.3 57.5 57.6 62.0 61.8 57.2 57.4

Employed

67,323 68,387 52,161 52,771 9,032 9,219 4,008 4,218

Employment-population ratio

55.4 55.7 55.1 55.4 56.9 57.3 55.2 55.2

Unemployed

3,371 3,151 2,249 2,100 811 724 146 165

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.4 4.1 3.8 8.2 7.3 3.5 3.8

Not in labor force

50,816 51,263 40,270 40,430 6,021 6,159 3,102 3,252

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,619 16,714 12,323 12,342 2,491 2,510 833 846

Civilian labor force

5,700 5,889 4,487 4,618 701 729 172 179

Participation rate

34.3 35.2 36.4 37.4 28.1 29.0 20.6 21.2

Employed

4,734 4,965 3,824 3,967 502 535 147 159

Employment-population ratio

28.5 29.7 31.0 32.1 20.1 21.3 17.7 18.8

Unemployed

966 925 662 651 199 194 25 20

Unemployment rate

16.9 15.7 14.8 14.1 28.4 26.7 14.4 10.9

Not in labor force

10,919 10,824 7,836 7,724 1,790 1,781 661 667

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: February 8, 2017