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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
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See also PDF and XLSX versions of this table.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
5. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, and race
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Total White Black or African
American
Asian
2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

259,175 260,329 200,827 201,306 33,036 33,344 16,351 16,467

Civilian labor force

163,539 160,742 126,600 124,431 20,632 20,177 10,460 10,331

Participation rate

63.1 61.7 63.0 61.8 62.5 60.5 64.0 62.7

Employed

157,538 147,795 122,441 115,341 19,381 17,873 10,179 9,437

Employment-population ratio

60.8 56.8 61.0 57.3 58.7 53.6 62.3 57.3

Unemployed

6,001 12,947 4,159 9,090 1,251 2,304 280 894

Unemployment rate

3.7 8.1 3.3 7.3 6.1 11.4 2.7 8.7

Not in labor force

95,636 99,587 74,227 76,875 12,404 13,167 5,891 6,136

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,353 125,922 98,220 98,456 15,102 15,250 7,666 7,708

Civilian labor force

86,687 85,204 68,367 67,171 9,790 9,542 5,502 5,468

Participation rate

69.2 67.7 69.6 68.2 64.8 62.6 71.8 70.9

Employed

83,460 78,560 66,100 62,446 9,145 8,392 5,353 5,041

Employment-population ratio

66.6 62.4 67.3 63.4 60.6 55.0 69.8 65.4

Unemployed

3,227 6,644 2,266 4,725 645 1,150 149 427

Unemployment rate

3.7 7.8 3.3 7.0 6.6 12.1 2.7 7.8

Not in labor force

38,667 40,718 29,853 31,285 5,312 5,708 2,164 2,240

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

116,908 117,549 91,993 92,283 13,881 14,053 7,189 7,260

Civilian labor force

83,737 82,345 66,037 64,903 9,454 9,220 5,396 5,371

Participation rate

71.6 70.1 71.8 70.3 68.1 65.6 75.1 74.0

Employed

80,917 76,227 64,070 60,570 8,883 8,150 5,257 4,957

Employment-population ratio

69.2 64.8 69.6 65.6 64.0 58.0 73.1 68.3

Unemployed

2,819 6,118 1,967 4,334 571 1,069 140 414

Unemployment rate

3.4 7.4 3.0 6.7 6.0 11.6 2.6 7.7

Not in labor force

33,172 35,204 25,956 27,380 4,426 4,833 1,792 1,889

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

133,822 134,407 102,607 102,850 17,934 18,094 8,685 8,759

Civilian labor force

76,852 75,538 58,233 57,260 10,842 10,635 4,958 4,863

Participation rate

57.4 56.2 56.8 55.7 60.5 58.8 57.1 55.5

Employed

74,078 69,234 56,341 52,895 10,236 9,481 4,826 4,396

Employment-population ratio

55.4 51.5 54.9 51.4 57.1 52.4 55.6 50.2

Unemployed

2,774 6,304 1,893 4,365 607 1,155 132 467

Unemployment rate

3.6 8.3 3.2 7.6 5.6 10.9 2.7 9.6

Not in labor force

56,970 58,869 44,374 45,590 7,092 7,459 3,727 3,896

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,574 126,213 96,587 96,872 16,693 16,873 8,185 8,286

Civilian labor force

73,906 72,677 55,968 55,060 10,437 10,238 4,852 4,783

Participation rate

58.9 57.6 57.9 56.8 62.5 60.7 59.3 57.7

Employed

71,470 66,873 54,304 51,048 9,910 9,176 4,729 4,330

Employment-population ratio

56.9 53.0 56.2 52.7 59.4 54.4 57.8 52.3

Unemployed

2,435 5,804 1,664 4,013 527 1,062 124 454

Unemployment rate

3.3 8.0 3.0 7.3 5.1 10.4 2.5 9.5

Not in labor force

51,668 53,536 40,619 41,812 6,256 6,635 3,332 3,503

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,693 16,567 12,247 12,151 2,463 2,419 978 921

Civilian labor force

5,896 5,720 4,594 4,467 741 720 211 177

Participation rate

35.3 34.5 37.5 36.8 30.1 29.8 21.6 19.2

Employed

5,150 4,695 4,067 3,723 588 546 194 151

Employment-population ratio

30.9 28.3 33.2 30.6 23.9 22.6 19.8 16.4

Unemployed

746 1,025 528 744 153 173 17 26

Unemployment rate

12.7 17.9 11.5 16.6 20.7 24.1 8.2 14.9

Not in labor force

10,796 10,846 7,653 7,683 1,722 1,699 767 744

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 22, 2021