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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links

See also PDF and XLSX versions of this table.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
7. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status,
sex, race, and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity
2019
Less than a
high school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some college or associate degree Bachelor's degree and higher
Total Some college,
no degree
Associate
degree
Total(2) Bachelor's
degree
only
Advanced
degree

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,627 62,460 57,513 34,711 22,802 79,827 50,049 29,778

Civilian labor force

9,976 36,162 37,420 21,592 15,829 58,889 36,672 22,217

Participation rate

46.1 57.9 65.1 62.2 69.4 73.8 73.3 74.6

Employed

9,441 34,837 36,282 20,882 15,400 57,655 35,850 21,805

Employment-population ratio

43.7 55.8 63.1 60.2 67.5 72.2 71.6 73.2

Unemployed

535 1,324 1,138 709 429 1,234 822 412

Unemployment rate

5.4 3.7 3.0 3.3 2.7 2.1 2.2 1.9

Men

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,832 31,429 26,579 16,557 10,022 37,538 23,646 13,892

Civilian labor force

6,356 21,277 19,100 11,503 7,597 29,214 18,567 10,646

Participation rate

58.7 67.7 71.9 69.5 75.8 77.8 78.5 76.6

Employed

6,047 20,512 18,566 11,161 7,406 28,605 18,151 10,454

Employment-population ratio

55.8 65.3 69.9 67.4 73.9 76.2 76.8 75.2

Unemployed

309 765 533 342 191 609 416 193

Unemployment rate

4.9 3.6 2.8 3.0 2.5 2.1 2.2 1.8

Women

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,795 31,030 30,934 18,154 12,780 42,290 26,404 15,886

Civilian labor force

3,619 14,884 18,320 10,089 8,232 29,675 18,104 11,571

Participation rate

33.5 48.0 59.2 55.6 64.4 70.2 68.6 72.8

Employed

3,394 14,325 17,716 9,722 7,994 29,051 17,699 11,352

Employment-population ratio

31.4 46.2 57.3 53.6 62.6 68.7 67.0 71.5

Unemployed

226 559 605 367 237 625 405 219

Unemployment rate

6.2 3.8 3.3 3.6 2.9 2.1 2.2 1.9

White

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,426 48,922 45,237 27,043 18,194 62,569 39,511 23,057

Civilian labor force

7,906 28,081 28,974 16,474 12,500 45,649 28,742 16,907

Participation rate

48.1 57.4 64.0 60.9 68.7 73.0 72.7 73.3

Employed

7,519 27,183 28,182 15,992 12,190 44,752 28,139 16,613

Employment-population ratio

45.8 55.6 62.3 59.1 67.0 71.5 71.2 72.1

Unemployed

387 898 792 483 310 897 603 294

Unemployment rate

4.9 3.2 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.0 2.1 1.7

Black or African American

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,062 9,055 8,053 5,167 2,885 7,300 4,648 2,652

Civilian labor force

1,142 5,337 5,559 3,438 2,121 5,667 3,600 2,067

Participation rate

37.3 58.9 69.0 66.5 73.5 77.6 77.4 77.9

Employed

1,029 5,007 5,315 3,275 2,041 5,506 3,488 2,019

Employment-population ratio

33.6 55.3 66.0 63.4 70.7 75.4 75.0 76.1

Unemployed

113 330 243 163 80 161 112 48

Unemployment rate

9.9 6.2 4.4 4.7 3.8 2.8 3.1 2.3

Asian

Civilian noninstitutional population

1,255 2,421 2,101 1,146 956 8,243 4,722 3,521

Civilian labor force

483 1,411 1,424 754 670 6,202 3,391 2,811

Participation rate

38.4 58.3 67.8 65.8 70.1 75.2 71.8 79.8

Employed

468 1,384 1,387 734 653 6,059 3,306 2,753

Employment-population ratio

37.3 57.2 66.0 64.1 68.3 73.5 70.0 78.2

Unemployed

15 27 37 20 17 142 85 58

Unemployment rate

3.0 1.9 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.0

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,651 10,838 7,576 4,754 2,822 6,692 4,630 2,062

Civilian labor force

5,660 7,639 5,700 3,531 2,169 5,299 3,644 1,655

Participation rate

58.6 70.5 75.2 74.3 76.8 79.2 78.7 80.3

Employed

5,411 7,394 5,509 3,411 2,097 5,164 3,543 1,621

Employment-population ratio

56.1 68.2 72.7 71.8 74.3 77.2 76.5 78.6

Unemployed

248 245 191 120 71 135 101 34

Unemployment rate

4.4 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.3 2.6 2.8 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor`s, master`s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 22, 2020