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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links

See also PDF and XLSX versions of this table.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
7. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status,
sex, race, and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity
2020
Less than a
high school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some college or associate degree Bachelor's degree and higher
Total Some college,
no degree
Associate
degree
Total(2) Bachelor's
degree
only
Advanced
degree

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

19,900 62,121 57,327 34,076 23,251 83,495 51,985 31,510

Civilian labor force

8,930 34,741 36,401 20,766 15,636 60,463 37,340 23,123

Participation rate

44.9 55.9 63.5 60.9 67.2 72.4 71.8 73.4

Employed

7,888 31,606 33,570 19,037 14,532 57,538 35,286 22,252

Employment-population ratio

39.6 50.9 58.6 55.9 62.5 68.9 67.9 70.6

Unemployed

1,041 3,135 2,831 1,728 1,103 2,925 2,054 871

Unemployment rate

11.7 9.0 7.8 8.3 7.1 4.8 5.5 3.8

Men

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,112 31,393 26,625 16,489 10,136 38,971 24,270 14,701

Civilian labor force

5,737 20,686 18,626 11,162 7,464 29,880 18,767 11,113

Participation rate

56.7 65.9 70.0 67.7 73.6 76.7 77.3 75.6

Employed

5,130 18,910 17,264 10,297 6,966 28,522 17,827 10,695

Employment-population ratio

50.7 60.2 64.8 62.4 68.7 73.2 73.5 72.7

Unemployed

606 1,776 1,362 865 497 1,357 939 418

Unemployment rate

10.6 8.6 7.3 7.7 6.7 4.5 5.0 3.8

Women

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,789 30,728 30,703 17,587 13,115 44,524 27,715 16,809

Civilian labor force

3,193 14,055 17,776 9,604 8,172 30,584 18,573 12,010

Participation rate

32.6 45.7 57.9 54.6 62.3 68.7 67.0 71.5

Employed

2,758 12,696 16,306 8,740 7,566 29,016 17,458 11,557

Employment-population ratio

28.2 41.3 53.1 49.7 57.7 65.2 63.0 68.8

Unemployed

435 1,359 1,469 864 606 1,568 1,115 453

Unemployment rate

13.6 9.7 8.3 9.0 7.4 5.1 6.0 3.8

White

Civilian noninstitutional population

15,059 48,448 45,143 26,441 18,702 65,171 40,981 24,190

Civilian labor force

7,047 26,970 28,343 15,844 12,499 46,653 29,271 17,382

Participation rate

46.8 55.7 62.8 59.9 66.8 71.6 71.4 71.9

Employed

6,304 24,822 26,335 14,648 11,688 44,522 27,757 16,765

Employment-population ratio

41.9 51.2 58.3 55.4 62.5 68.3 67.7 69.3

Unemployed

743 2,148 2,007 1,196 812 2,130 1,514 616

Unemployment rate

10.5 8.0 7.1 7.5 6.5 4.6 5.2 3.5

Black or African American

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,942 9,124 8,013 5,127 2,885 7,768 4,883 2,885

Civilian labor force

1,050 5,133 5,322 3,297 2,025 5,948 3,714 2,235

Participation rate

35.7 56.3 66.4 64.3 70.2 76.6 76.1 77.4

Employed

881 4,466 4,781 2,938 1,843 5,597 3,466 2,131

Employment-population ratio

30.0 48.9 59.7 57.3 63.9 72.1 71.0 73.9

Unemployed

169 666 540 358 182 351 247 104

Unemployment rate

16.1 13.0 10.2 10.9 9.0 5.9 6.7 4.6

Asian

Civilian noninstitutional population

1,083 2,511 1,966 1,094 873 8,645 4,824 3,822

Civilian labor force

448 1,378 1,249 680 569 6,353 3,338 3,015

Participation rate

41.4 54.9 63.5 62.2 65.2 73.5 69.2 78.9

Employed

374 1,189 1,120 607 513 6,000 3,116 2,884

Employment-population ratio

34.5 47.3 57.0 55.5 58.8 69.4 64.6 75.5

Unemployed

75 189 129 73 56 353 222 131

Unemployment rate

16.6 13.7 10.3 10.7 9.8 5.6 6.7 4.3

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,966 11,018 7,990 4,918 3,072 7,401 5,061 2,340

Civilian labor force

5,107 7,477 5,857 3,553 2,304 5,808 3,925 1,883

Participation rate

57.0 67.9 73.3 72.2 75.0 78.5 77.6 80.4

Employed

4,535 6,724 5,334 3,231 2,103 5,427 3,634 1,794

Employment-population ratio

50.6 61.0 66.8 65.7 68.5 73.3 71.8 76.6

Unemployed

572 753 523 321 201 381 292 89

Unemployment rate

11.2 10.1 8.9 9.0 8.7 6.6 7.4 4.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor`s, master`s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 22, 2021