HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
7. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status,
sex, race, and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity
2016
Less than a
high school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some college or associate degree Bachelor's degree and higher
Total Some college,
no degree
Associate
degree
Total(2) Bachelor's
degree
only
Advanced
degree

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

23,368 62,022 57,185 35,489 21,696 72,528 45,327 27,201

Civilian labor force

10,679 35,649 37,934 22,667 15,267 53,723 33,384 20,339

Participation rate

45.7 57.5 66.3 63.9 70.4 74.1 73.7 74.8

Employed

9,884 33,801 36,386 21,668 14,718 52,374 32,475 19,899

Employment-population ratio

42.3 54.5 63.6 61.1 67.8 72.2 71.6 73.2

Unemployed

795 1,847 1,549 1,000 549 1,349 909 440

Unemployment rate

7.4 5.2 4.1 4.4 3.6 2.5 2.7 2.2

Men

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,713 30,692 26,072 16,678 9,394 34,648 21,606 13,042

Civilian labor force

6,803 20,760 18,993 11,803 7,191 27,249 17,127 10,123

Participation rate

58.1 67.6 72.8 70.8 76.5 78.6 79.3 77.6

Employed

6,354 19,691 18,239 11,311 6,928 26,588 16,670 9,918

Employment-population ratio

54.2 64.2 70.0 67.8 73.7 76.7 77.2 76.0

Unemployed

448 1,069 755 491 263 661 456 205

Unemployment rate

6.6 5.1 4.0 4.2 3.7 2.4 2.7 2.0

Women

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,655 31,329 31,113 18,811 12,302 37,880 23,721 14,159

Civilian labor force

3,876 14,888 18,941 10,865 8,076 26,474 16,258 10,216

Participation rate

33.3 47.5 60.9 57.8 65.6 69.9 68.5 72.1

Employed

3,530 14,110 18,147 10,357 7,790 25,786 15,805 9,981

Employment-population ratio

30.3 45.0 58.3 55.1 63.3 68.1 66.6 70.5

Unemployed

346 778 794 508 286 688 453 235

Unemployment rate

8.9 5.2 4.2 4.7 3.5 2.6 2.8 2.3

White

Civilian noninstitutional population

17,853 49,010 45,364 27,787 17,577 57,700 36,253 21,447

Civilian labor force

8,429 27,874 29,745 17,462 12,284 42,439 26,639 15,801

Participation rate

47.2 56.9 65.6 62.8 69.9 73.6 73.5 73.7

Employed

7,879 26,623 28,668 16,786 11,881 41,454 25,967 15,487

Employment-population ratio

44.1 54.3 63.2 60.4 67.6 71.8 71.6 72.2

Unemployed

549 1,251 1,078 675 402 985 672 314

Unemployment rate

6.5 4.5 3.6 3.9 3.3 2.3 2.5 2.0

Black or African American

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,292 8,763 7,825 5,209 2,615 6,161 3,950 2,211

Civilian labor force

1,244 5,185 5,431 3,511 1,920 4,788 3,062 1,727

Participation rate

37.8 59.2 69.4 67.4 73.4 77.7 77.5 78.1

Employed

1,069 4,737 5,099 3,282 1,817 4,612 2,942 1,670

Employment-population ratio

32.5 54.1 65.2 63.0 69.5 74.9 74.5 75.5

Unemployed

175 448 332 230 103 176 120 57

Unemployment rate

14.1 8.6 6.1 6.5 5.3 3.7 3.9 3.3

Asian

Civilian noninstitutional population

1,282 2,428 2,066 1,227 839 7,147 4,125 3,021

Civilian labor force

520 1,459 1,414 821 594 5,272 2,888 2,384

Participation rate

40.6 60.1 68.5 66.9 70.7 73.8 70.0 78.9

Employed

500 1,400 1,359 788 571 5,127 2,798 2,328

Employment-population ratio

39.0 57.7 65.8 64.3 68.0 71.7 67.8 77.1

Unemployed

20 59 55 33 23 145 90 55

Unemployment rate

3.9 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.8 2.8 3.1 2.3

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,855 9,791 7,052 4,569 2,482 5,510 3,765 1,745

Civilian labor force

5,815 6,743 5,277 3,376 1,902 4,398 2,981 1,417

Participation rate

59.0 68.9 74.8 73.9 76.6 79.8 79.2 81.2

Employed

5,472 6,398 5,053 3,227 1,826 4,263 2,884 1,379

Employment-population ratio

55.5 65.3 71.7 70.6 73.6 77.4 76.6 79.0

Unemployed

344 346 224 149 76 135 96 38

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.1 4.3 4.4 4.0 3.1 3.2 2.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor`s, master`s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: February 8, 2017