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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links

See also PDF and XLSX versions of this table.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
28. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason White Black or African
American
Asian Hispanic or Latino
ethnicity
2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Total unemployed

4,159 9,090 1,251 2,304 280 894 1,248 3,018

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2,005 6,968 541 1,634 116 695 588 2,324

On temporary layoff

667 4,624 97 942 24 493 210 1,547

Not on temporary layoff

1,338 2,343 444 691 92 202 378 777

Permanent job losers

946 1,869 281 511 65 152 231 580

Persons who completed temporary jobs

392 474 163 180 27 50 147 197

Job leavers

569 476 165 126 41 39 140 124

Reentrants

1,205 1,306 414 445 79 115 373 417

New entrants

380 341 131 100 44 45 147 153

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Total unemployed

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

48.2 76.6 43.2 70.9 41.3 77.7 47.1 77.0

On temporary layoff

16.0 50.9 7.7 40.9 8.6 55.2 16.8 51.3

Not on temporary layoff

32.2 25.8 35.5 30.0 32.8 22.6 30.3 25.8

Job leavers

13.7 5.2 13.2 5.5 14.7 4.4 11.2 4.1

Reentrants

29.0 14.4 33.1 19.3 28.2 12.8 29.9 13.8

New entrants

9.1 3.7 10.5 4.3 15.8 5.0 11.8 5.1

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

1.6 5.6 2.6 8.1 1.1 6.7 2.0 8.0

Job leavers

0.4 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4

Reentrants

1.0 1.0 2.0 2.2 0.8 1.1 1.3 1.4

New entrants

0.3 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 22, 2021