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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links

See also PDF and XLSX versions of this table.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
35. Persons not in the labor force by desire and availability for work, age, and sex
[In thousands]
Category Total Age Sex
2019 2020 16 to 24
years
25 to 54
years
55 years
and over
Men Women
2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019 2020

Total not in the labor force

95,636 99,587 16,656 17,278 22,102 23,416 56,879 58,893 38,667 40,718 56,970 58,869

Do not want a job now(1)

90,593 92,464 15,153 15,364 20,023 20,052 55,417 57,048 36,252 37,256 54,341 55,208

Want a job(1)

5,043 7,123 1,503 1,914 2,078 3,363 1,462 1,846 2,415 3,462 2,629 3,661

Did not search for work in previous year

3,084 4,588 883 1,176 1,157 2,068 1,045 1,344 1,430 2,166 1,654 2,423

Searched for work in previous year,
but not in past 4 weeks(2)

1,959 2,535 620 739 921 1,295 418 501 984 1,296 975 1,239

Not available to work now

556 572 229 193 252 299 75 80 242 241 314 331

Marginally attached (available to work now)(3)

1,403 1,962 391 545 669 996 343 421 742 1,055 661 907

Discouraged over job
prospects(4)

382 574 86 136 193 301 103 137 239 343 143 231

Reasons other than discouragement

1,021 1,388 306 409 476 694 240 285 503 712 519 676

Family responsibilities

156 124 21 18 103 84 32 22 44 40 112 84

In school or training

146 141 116 110 27 29 4 2 76 68 70 73

Ill health or disability

135 123 14 14 63 57 58 52 73 68 63 55

Other(5)

584 1,000 155 267 283 524 147 209 310 536 274 464

Footnotes
(1) Includes some persons who are not asked if they want a job.
(2) Persons who had a job in the prior 12 months must have searched since the end of that job.
(3) Persons "marginally attached to the labor force" are those who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(4) Discouraged workers are persons marginally attached to the labor force who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(5) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as child-care and transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not ascertained.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 22, 2021