HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
40. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by selected characteristics

[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2015 2016
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

133,743 14,795 11.1 16,441 12.3 136,101 14,555 10.7 16,271 12.0

16 to 24 years

18,311 800 4.4 967 5.3 18,556 816 4.4 988 5.3

25 years and over

115,431 13,995 12.1 15,474 13.4 117,545 13,739 11.7 15,283 13.0

25 to 34 years

30,870 2,985 9.7 3,363 10.9 31,750 2,924 9.2 3,296 10.4

35 to 44 years

28,101 3,457 12.3 3,785 13.5 28,515 3,423 12.0 3,782 13.3

45 to 54 years

28,764 3,909 13.6 4,306 15.0 28,807 3,846 13.3 4,269 14.8

55 to 64 years

21,288 3,035 14.3 3,329 15.6 21,778 2,903 13.3 3,209 14.7

65 years and over

6,408 610 9.5 691 10.8 6,696 643 9.6 726 10.8

Men, 16 years and over

69,298 7,963 11.5 8,760 12.6 70,589 7,888 11.2 8,704 12.3

16 to 24 years

9,250 485 5.2 563 6.1 9,412 484 5.1 568 6.0

25 years and over

60,048 7,478 12.5 8,197 13.7 61,177 7,404 12.1 8,136 13.3

25 to 34 years

16,550 1,639 9.9 1,825 11.0 16,930 1,640 9.7 1,833 10.8

35 to 44 years

14,844 1,857 12.5 2,023 13.6 15,102 1,881 12.5 2,051 13.6

45 to 54 years

14,696 2,079 14.1 2,281 15.5 14,775 2,048 13.9 2,253 15.3

55 to 64 years

10,698 1,588 14.8 1,717 16.0 10,957 1,511 13.8 1,633 14.9

65 years and over

3,259 315 9.7 352 10.8 3,412 323 9.5 365 10.7

Women, 16 years and over

64,445 6,833 10.6 7,681 11.9 65,512 6,667 10.2 7,567 11.6

16 to 24 years

9,061 315 3.5 405 4.5 9,143 332 3.6 420 4.6

25 years and over

55,384 6,518 11.8 7,277 13.1 56,368 6,335 11.2 7,147 12.7

25 to 34 years

14,320 1,346 9.4 1,538 10.7 14,820 1,284 8.7 1,463 9.9

35 to 44 years

13,257 1,600 12.1 1,762 13.3 13,412 1,542 11.5 1,731 12.9

45 to 54 years

14,068 1,830 13.0 2,025 14.4 14,032 1,797 12.8 2,016 14.4

55 to 64 years

10,590 1,447 13.7 1,613 15.2 10,820 1,392 12.9 1,576 14.6

65 years and over

3,149 294 9.3 339 10.8 3,283 320 9.8 361 11.0

RACE AND HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

White

104,991 11,301 10.8 12,627 12.0 106,160 11,120 10.5 12,436 11.7

Men

55,402 6,222 11.2 6,875 12.4 56,007 6,153 11.0 6,769 12.1

Women

49,590 5,079 10.2 5,752 11.6 50,153 4,967 9.9 5,667 11.3

Black or African American

16,552 2,246 13.6 2,427 14.7 17,014 2,209 13.0 2,475 14.5

Men

7,558 1,097 14.5 1,174 15.5 7,852 1,104 14.1 1,229 15.7

Women

8,995 1,149 12.8 1,253 13.9 9,163 1,105 12.1 1,245 13.6

Asian

7,883 770 9.8 860 10.9 8,340 752 9.0 839 10.1

Men

4,113 367 8.9 416 10.1 4,368 355 8.1 404 9.3

Women

3,770 403 10.7 444 11.8 3,972 397 10.0 435 10.9

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

22,351 2,104 9.4 2,365 10.6 23,085 2,032 8.8 2,308 10.0

Men

12,670 1,211 9.6 1,346 10.6 13,125 1,209 9.2 1,348 10.3

Women

9,681 892 9.2 1,019 10.5 9,960 823 8.3 960 9.6

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS(3)

Full-time workers

109,080 13,340 12.2 14,768 13.5 111,091 13,119 11.8 14,593 13.1

Part-time workers

24,445 1,431 5.9 1,646 6.7 24,832 1,415 5.7 1,655 6.7

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
(3) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data will not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders. Full time is 35 hours or more per week; part time is less than 35 hours.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: February 8, 2017