Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links

See also PDF and XLSX versions of this table.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
45. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage by occupation and industry
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation and industry 2020
Workers paid hourly rates
Total Below
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
At
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
Total at or below prevailing
Federal minimum
wage
Number Percent of
hourly-paid
workers

Total wage and salary workers

73,305 865 247 1,112 1.5

OCCUPATION

Management, professional, and related occupations

17,769 63 20 83 0.5

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

5,354 16 0 16 0.3

Management occupations

3,011 9 0 10 0.3

Business and financial operations occupations

2,343 7 0 7 0.3

Professional and related occupations

12,415 47 20 66 0.5

Computer and mathematical occupations

1,206 1 0 1 0.1

Architecture and engineering occupations

942 1 1 3 0.3

Life, physical, and social science occupations

479 2 0 2 0.4

Community and social service occupations

972 3 3 6 0.6

Legal occupations

360 4 0 4 1.1

Education, training, and library occupations

2,296 20 13 33 1.4

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

822 4 1 5 0.6

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

5,339 11 2 13 0.2

Service occupations

16,295 660 114 774 4.8

Healthcare support occupations

3,906 51 9 60 1.5

Protective service occupations

1,972 18 0 19 0.9

Food preparation and serving related occupations

5,675 533 73 605 10.7

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

3,243 15 14 29 0.9

Personal care and service occupations

1,499 44 17 61 4.1

Sales and office occupations

16,929 69 70 139 0.8

Sales and related occupations

6,849 41 49 90 1.3

Office and administrative support occupations

10,080 28 21 50 0.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

8,438 28 4 31 0.4

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

676 8 4 11 1.6

Construction and extraction occupations

4,681 14 0 14 0.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

3,081 6 0 6 0.2

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

13,874 45 39 85 0.6

Production occupations

6,100 18 16 34 0.6

Transportation and material moving occupations

7,773 28 23 50 0.6

INDUSTRY

Private sector

64,248 827 231 1,058 1.6

Agriculture and related industries

847 9 2 11 1.3

Nonagricultural industries

63,401 818 229 1,047 1.7

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

350 3 0 3 0.8

Construction

5,059 12 3 15 0.3

Manufacturing

8,288 22 16 37 0.5

Durable goods

5,070 14 11 24 0.5

Nondurable goods

3,218 8 5 13 0.4

Wholesale and retail trade

11,846 50 47 97 0.8

Wholesale trade

1,522 2 3 5 0.3

Retail trade

10,324 48 44 92 0.9

Transportation and utilities

3,826 12 3 15 0.4

Transportation and warehousing

3,277 12 1 13 0.4

Utilities

549 0 2 2 0.3

Information(1)

877 2 3 5 0.6

Publishing, except Internet

92 0 0 0 0.0

Motion pictures and sound recording industries

139 0 3 3 2.2

Broadcasting (except internet)

160 1 0 1 0.7

Telecommunications

364 1 0 1 0.3

Financial activities

3,217 8 2 10 0.3

Finance and insurance

2,366 6 1 8 0.3

Finance

1,517 4 1 5 0.4

Insurance

849 2 0 2 0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

851 2 1 3 0.3

Professional and business services

6,103 18 9 27 0.4

Professional and technical services

2,879 11 1 12 0.4

Management, administrative, and waste services

3,224 7 8 15 0.5

Education and health services

13,146 95 34 129 1.0

Educational services

1,558 27 7 34 2.2

Health care and social assistance

11,589 69 27 95 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

7,933 564 103 667 8.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,102 32 10 42 3.8

Accommodation and food services

6,831 532 93 625 9.1

Accommodation

666 9 1 10 1.5

Food services and drinking places

6,165 523 93 615 10.0

Other services

2,753 32 10 42 1.5

Other services, except private households

2,279 24 9 33 1.4

Private households

474 8 2 10 2.0

Public sector

9,057 38 15 54 0.6

Federal government

1,862 7 1 8 0.4

State government

2,782 11 6 17 0.6

Local government

4,413 21 8 29 0.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.

NOTE: The prevailing Federal minimum wage was $7.25 per hour in 2020. Data are for wage and salary workers; all self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. The data refer to a person's earnings on the sole or principal job, and pertain only to workers who are paid hourly rates. Salaried workers and other non-hourly workers are not included. Hourly earnings for hourly-paid workers do not include overtime pay, commissions, or tips received. The presence of workers with hourly earnings below the minimum wage does not necessarily indicate violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as there are exceptions to the minimum wage provisions of the law. In addition, some survey respondents may have rounded hourly earnings to the nearest dollar and, as a result, reported hourly earnings below the minimum wage even though they earned the minimum wage or higher. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2020 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2018 Census occupational classification system, derived from the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2020 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.

 

Last Modified Date: January 22, 2021