HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
50. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by certification and licensing status and selected characteristics, 2017 annual averages

[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in labor
force
Total Participation
rate
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Rate

Age

Total, 16 years and over

255,079 160,320 62.9 153,337 60.1 6,982 4.4 94,759

With a certification or license(1)

43,532 38,098 87.5 37,245 85.6 854 2.2 5,434

With a certification, but no license

4,244 3,701 87.2 3,580 84.4 121 3.3 543

With a license(2)

39,288 34,397 87.6 33,664 85.7 733 2.1 4,891

Without a certification or license

211,547 122,221 57.8 116,093 54.9 6,129 5.0 89,325

16 to 24 years

38,150 21,160 55.5 19,206 50.3 1,955 9.2 16,989

With a certification or license(1)

2,378 2,068 87.0 1,982 83.3 86 4.2 310

With a certification, but no license

246 214 87.1 205 83.4 9 4.3 32

With a license(2)

2,133 1,854 86.9 1,777 83.3 77 4.1 278

Without a certification or license

35,772 19,092 53.4 17,224 48.1 1,868 9.8 16,679

25 to 54 years

125,697 102,683 81.7 98,833 78.6 3,850 3.7 23,014

With a certification or license(1)

28,042 26,235 93.6 25,672 91.5 563 2.1 1,808

With a certification, but no license

2,805 2,605 92.9 2,518 89.8 87 3.3 200

With a license(2)

25,238 23,630 93.6 23,154 91.7 476 2.0 1,608

Without a certification or license

97,655 76,449 78.3 73,161 74.9 3,287 4.3 21,206

55 years and over

91,232 36,476 40.0 35,299 38.7 1,178 3.2 54,756

With a certification or license(1)

13,112 9,796 74.7 9,591 73.1 205 2.1 3,316

With a certification, but no license

1,194 882 73.9 858 71.9 24 2.8 312

With a license(2)

11,918 8,913 74.8 8,733 73.3 180 2.0 3,005

Without a certification or license

78,120 26,681 34.2 25,708 32.9 973 3.6 51,440

Sex

Men, 16 years and over

123,275 85,145 69.1 81,402 66.0 3,743 4.4 38,130

With a certification or license(1)

20,155 18,170 90.2 17,764 88.1 407 2.2 1,985

With a certification, but no license

2,410 2,180 90.5 2,113 87.7 66 3.1 230

With a license(2)

17,745 15,990 90.1 15,650 88.2 340 2.1 1,754

Without a certification or license

103,121 66,975 64.9 63,638 61.7 3,337 5.0 36,146

Women, 16 years and over

131,804 75,175 57.0 71,936 54.6 3,239 4.3 56,629

With a certification or license(1)

23,377 19,928 85.2 19,481 83.3 447 2.2 3,449

With a certification, but no license

1,834 1,521 82.9 1,467 80.0 54 3.6 313

With a license(2)

21,543 18,407 85.4 18,014 83.6 393 2.1 3,136

Without a certification or license

108,426 55,246 51.0 52,455 48.4 2,792 5.1 53,180

Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

White, 16 years and over

198,942 124,941 62.8 120,176 60.4 4,765 3.8 74,001

With a certification or license(1)

35,271 30,851 87.5 30,234 85.7 617 2.0 4,421

With a certification, but no license

3,374 2,961 87.8 2,875 85.2 85 2.9 413

With a license(2)

31,898 27,890 87.4 27,358 85.8 531 1.9 4,008

Without a certification or license

163,670 94,090 57.5 89,942 55.0 4,148 4.4 69,580

Black or African American, 16 years and over

32,247 20,088 62.3 18,587 57.6 1,501 7.5 12,159

With a certification or license(1)

4,689 4,106 87.6 3,949 84.2 157 3.8 583

With a certification, but no license

445 371 83.3 352 79.0 19 5.1 74

With a license(2)

4,244 3,736 88.0 3,597 84.8 139 3.7 509

Without a certification or license

27,558 15,982 58.0 14,638 53.1 1,343 8.4 11,576

Asian, 16 years and over

15,368 9,781 63.6 9,448 61.5 333 3.4 5,587

With a certification or license(1)

2,282 2,017 88.4 1,983 86.9 34 1.7 265

With a certification, but no license

287 252 87.9 245 85.2 8 3.1 35

With a license(2)

1,995 1,765 88.5 1,739 87.2 26 1.5 230

Without a certification or license

13,086 7,764 59.3 7,464 57.0 299 3.9 5,322

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 16 years and over

41,371 27,339 66.1 25,938 62.7 1,401 5.1 14,032

With a certification or license(1)

4,522 4,001 88.5 3,868 85.5 132 3.3 521

With a certification, but no license

498 432 86.7 403 80.9 29 6.7 66

With a license(2)

4,023 3,569 88.7 3,465 86.1 103 2.9 455

Without a certification or license

36,850 23,339 63.3 22,070 59.9 1,269 5.4 13,511

Educational attainment

Total, 25 years and over

216,929 139,159 64.1 134,132 61.8 5,028 3.6 77,770

With a certification or license(1)

41,154 36,030 87.5 35,263 85.7 767 2.1 5,124

With a certification, but no license

3,999 3,487 87.2 3,376 84.4 112 3.2 511

With a license(2)

37,155 32,543 87.6 31,887 85.8 656 2.0 4,612

Without a certification or license

175,775 103,129 58.7 98,869 56.2 4,260 4.1 72,646

Less than a high school diploma

22,638 10,343 45.7 9,668 42.7 674 6.5 12,295

With a certification or license(1)

966 812 84.0 777 80.4 35 4.3 154

With a certification, but no license

91 73 80.8 68 74.9 5 7.3 17

With a license(2)

875 738 84.4 709 81.0 29 4.0 137

Without a certification or license

21,672 9,531 44.0 8,891 41.0 640 6.7 12,141

High school graduates, no college(3)

62,192 35,874 57.7 34,210 55.0 1,664 4.6 26,318

With a certification or license(1)

5,983 5,252 87.8 5,099 85.2 153 2.9 731

With a certification, but no license

621 530 85.4 511 82.4 19 3.5 91

With a license(2)

5,362 4,722 88.1 4,588 85.6 135 2.9 640

Without a certification or license

56,209 30,622 54.5 29,111 51.8 1,511 4.9 25,587

Some college or associate degree

57,261 37,696 65.8 36,282 63.4 1,414 3.8 19,565

With a certification or license(1)

11,487 9,993 87.0 9,728 84.7 265 2.7 1,494

With a certification, but no license

1,206 1,045 86.7 998 82.8 46 4.4 161

With a license(2)

10,281 8,948 87.0 8,729 84.9 219 2.4 1,333

Without a certification or license

45,774 27,703 60.5 26,555 58.0 1,148 4.1 18,070

Some college, no degree

35,211 22,339 63.4 21,440 60.9 899 4.0 12,872

With a certification or license(1)

5,530 4,798 86.8 4,673 84.5 125 2.6 732

With a certification, but no license

637 554 87.0 532 83.6 22 4.0 83

With a license(2)

4,894 4,244 86.7 4,141 84.6 103 2.4 650

Without a certification or license

29,681 17,541 59.1 16,767 56.5 774 4.4 12,140

Associate degree

22,050 15,357 69.6 14,842 67.3 515 3.4 6,692

With a certification or license(1)

5,957 5,195 87.2 5,054 84.9 141 2.7 762

With a certification, but no license

569 491 86.3 466 82.0 25 5.0 78

With a license(2)

5,388 4,704 87.3 4,588 85.2 116 2.5 684

Without a certification or license

16,093 10,162 63.1 9,788 60.8 374 3.7 5,931

Bachelor's degree and higher

74,838 55,246 73.8 53,971 72.1 1,275 2.3 19,592

With a certification or license(1)

22,718 19,973 87.9 19,659 86.5 314 1.6 2,745

With a certification, but no license

2,081 1,839 88.4 1,798 86.4 41 2.2 242

With a license(2)

20,637 18,134 87.9 17,862 86.6 273 1.5 2,502

Without a certification or license

52,120 35,273 67.7 34,312 65.8 961 2.7 16,847

Bachelor's degree only

47,056 34,480 73.3 33,620 71.4 860 2.5 12,576

With a certification or license(1)

11,168 9,894 88.6 9,722 87.1 172 1.7 1,274

With a certification, but no license

1,196 1,068 89.3 1,045 87.3 23 2.2 128

With a license(2)

9,971 8,826 88.5 8,677 87.0 148 1.7 1,146

Without a certification or license

35,888 24,586 68.5 23,897 66.6 689 2.8 11,303

Advanced degree(4)

27,782 20,766 74.7 20,351 73.3 415 2.0 7,016

With a certification or license(1)

11,550 10,079 87.3 9,937 86.0 142 1.4 1,471

With a certification, but no license

885 771 87.1 753 85.1 18 2.3 114

With a license(2)

10,665 9,309 87.3 9,184 86.1 124 1.3 1,357

Without a certification or license

16,232 10,687 65.8 10,414 64.2 273 2.6 5,545

Footnotes
(1) A person may have more than one certification or license.
(2) Persons with a license may also have a certification.
(3) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(4) Includes persons with master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Certifications are issued by a non-governmental certification body and convey that an individual has the knowledge or skill to perform a specific job. A license is awarded by a government agency and conveys a legal authority to work in an occupation. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: February 8, 2018