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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links

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HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
50. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by certification and licensing status and selected characteristics, 2021 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in labor
force
Total Participation
rate
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Rate

Age

Total, 16 years and over

261,445 161,204 61.7 152,581 58.4 8,623 5.3 100,241

With a certification or license(1)

43,579 37,928 87.0 36,871 84.6 1,057 2.8 5,651

With a certification, but no license

4,068 3,513 86.3 3,385 83.2 127 3.6 555

With a license(2)

39,510 34,415 87.1 33,485 84.8 930 2.7 5,095

Without a certification or license

217,867 123,276 56.6 115,710 53.1 7,566 6.1 94,590

16 to 24 years

37,262 20,687 55.5 18,675 50.1 2,013 9.7 16,574

With a certification or license(1)

2,183 1,932 88.5 1,840 84.3 92 4.8 250

With a certification, but no license

224 190 84.8 179 79.7 11 6.0 34

With a license(2)

1,958 1,742 89.0 1,661 84.8 81 4.6 216

Without a certification or license

35,079 18,755 53.5 16,835 48.0 1,920 10.2 16,324

25 to 54 years

126,108 102,867 81.6 97,867 77.6 5,000 4.9 23,241

With a certification or license(1)

27,883 26,102 93.6 25,420 91.2 682 2.6 1,781

With a certification, but no license

2,684 2,484 92.5 2,401 89.5 83 3.3 200

With a license(2)

25,199 23,618 93.7 23,020 91.4 598 2.5 1,581

Without a certification or license

98,225 76,765 78.2 72,447 73.8 4,319 5.6 21,459

55 years and over

98,075 37,649 38.4 36,039 36.7 1,610 4.3 60,426

With a certification or license(1)

13,513 9,894 73.2 9,611 71.1 283 2.9 3,619

With a certification, but no license

1,160 839 72.3 806 69.5 33 3.9 321

With a license(2)

12,353 9,055 73.3 8,804 71.3 250 2.8 3,298

Without a certification or license

84,563 27,756 32.8 26,429 31.3 1,327 4.8 56,807

Sex

Men, 16 years and over

126,487 85,505 67.6 80,829 63.9 4,676 5.5 40,983

With a certification or license(1)

19,594 17,553 89.6 17,060 87.1 494 2.8 2,041

With a certification, but no license

2,253 2,015 89.4 1,946 86.4 69 3.4 238

With a license(2)

17,341 15,539 89.6 15,114 87.2 425 2.7 1,803

Without a certification or license

106,893 67,951 63.6 63,769 59.7 4,182 6.2 38,942

Women, 16 years and over

134,958 75,699 56.1 71,752 53.2 3,948 5.2 59,259

With a certification or license(1)

23,984 20,374 84.9 19,811 82.6 563 2.8 3,610

With a certification, but no license

1,815 1,498 82.5 1,440 79.3 58 3.9 317

With a license(2)

22,169 18,876 85.1 18,371 82.9 505 2.7 3,293

Without a certification or license

110,973 55,325 49.9 51,941 46.8 3,384 6.1 55,648

Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

White, 16 years and over

201,881 124,145 61.5 118,291 58.6 5,854 4.7 77,737

With a certification or license(1)

34,812 30,241 86.9 29,515 84.8 726 2.4 4,571

With a certification, but no license

3,157 2,729 86.5 2,648 83.9 81 3.0 428

With a license(2)

31,655 27,512 86.9 26,866 84.9 645 2.3 4,144

Without a certification or license

167,069 93,904 56.2 88,776 53.1 5,128 5.5 73,166

Black or African American, 16 years and over

33,613 20,482 60.9 18,726 55.7 1,756 8.6 13,131

With a certification or license(1)

4,893 4,249 86.8 4,043 82.6 206 4.8 644

With a certification, but no license

474 397 83.9 372 78.4 26 6.5 77

With a license(2)

4,419 3,852 87.2 3,672 83.1 180 4.7 568

Without a certification or license

28,720 16,233 56.5 14,683 51.1 1,551 9.6 12,487

Asian, 16 years and over

16,521 10,545 63.8 10,016 60.6 529 5.0 5,976

With a certification or license(1)

2,446 2,193 89.7 2,130 87.1 63 2.9 253

With a certification, but no license

294 265 90.3 255 86.9 10 3.7 29

With a license(2)

2,152 1,928 89.6 1,875 87.1 53 2.7 224

Without a certification or license

14,075 8,352 59.3 7,886 56.0 466 5.6 5,723

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 16 years and over

44,902 29,424 65.5 27,429 61.1 1,995 6.8 15,479

With a certification or license(1)

5,069 4,469 88.2 4,297 84.8 171 3.8 600

With a certification, but no license

514 437 85.0 418 81.2 20 4.5 77

With a license(2)

4,555 4,031 88.5 3,880 85.2 152 3.8 523

Without a certification or license

39,834 24,955 62.6 23,132 58.1 1,823 7.3 14,879

Educational attainment

Total, 25 years and over

224,183 140,516 62.7 133,906 59.7 6,610 4.7 83,667

With a certification or license(1)

41,396 35,995 87.0 35,031 84.6 965 2.7 5,400

With a certification, but no license

3,844 3,322 86.4 3,207 83.4 116 3.5 521

With a license(2)

37,552 32,673 87.0 31,824 84.7 849 2.6 4,879

Without a certification or license

182,787 104,521 57.2 98,875 54.1 5,646 5.4 78,266

Less than a high school diploma

20,003 9,007 45.0 8,263 41.3 744 8.3 10,995

With a certification or license(1)

787 641 81.5 602 76.5 39 6.1 146

With a certification, but no license

86 67 78.4 62 72.5 5 7.4 19

With a license(2)

701 574 81.8 540 76.9 34 6.0 127

Without a certification or license

19,216 8,366 43.5 7,662 39.9 704 8.4 10,850

High school graduates, no college(3)

63,234 34,994 55.3 32,821 51.9 2,173 6.2 28,239

With a certification or license(1)

5,545 4,805 86.7 4,608 83.1 197 4.1 740

With a certification, but no license

556 469 84.4 447 80.4 22 4.7 87

With a license(2)

4,989 4,335 86.9 4,161 83.4 175 4.0 653

Without a certification or license

57,689 30,190 52.3 28,214 48.9 1,976 6.5 27,499

Some college or associate degree

56,654 35,688 63.0 33,855 59.8 1,833 5.1 20,967

With a certification or license(1)

10,883 9,355 86.0 9,010 82.8 345 3.7 1,528

With a certification, but no license

1,127 965 85.6 922 81.8 42 4.4 162

With a license(2)

9,755 8,390 86.0 8,088 82.9 302 3.6 1,365

Without a certification or license

45,772 26,333 57.5 24,845 54.3 1,488 5.6 19,439

Some college, no degree

33,550 20,370 60.7 19,247 57.4 1,123 5.5 13,181

With a certification or license(1)

5,059 4,350 86.0 4,171 82.4 180 4.1 709

With a certification, but no license

590 509 86.4 490 83.0 20 3.8 80

With a license(2)

4,470 3,841 85.9 3,681 82.4 160 4.2 629

Without a certification or license

28,491 16,019 56.2 15,076 52.9 943 5.9 12,472

Associate degree

23,104 15,318 66.3 14,608 63.2 710 4.6 7,786

With a certification or license(1)

5,823 5,005 85.9 4,839 83.1 165 3.3 819

With a certification, but no license

538 456 84.8 433 80.5 23 5.0 82

With a license(2)

5,286 4,549 86.1 4,407 83.4 142 3.1 737

Without a certification or license

17,281 10,313 59.7 9,769 56.5 544 5.3 6,968

Bachelor's degree and higher

84,292 60,827 72.2 58,966 70.0 1,861 3.1 23,465

With a certification or license(1)

24,182 21,195 87.6 20,811 86.1 384 1.8 2,987

With a certification, but no license

2,075 1,821 87.8 1,775 85.5 46 2.5 254

With a license(2)

22,107 19,374 87.6 19,036 86.1 337 1.7 2,733

Without a certification or license

60,111 39,633 65.9 38,155 63.5 1,477 3.7 20,478

Bachelor's degree only

52,378 37,599 71.8 36,289 69.3 1,310 3.5 14,779

With a certification or license(1)

11,368 10,005 88.0 9,786 86.1 219 2.2 1,363

With a certification, but no license

1,133 999 88.2 973 85.8 26 2.6 134

With a license(2)

10,234 9,006 88.0 8,814 86.1 192 2.1 1,229

Without a certification or license

41,010 27,594 67.3 26,503 64.6 1,091 4.0 13,417

Advanced degree(4)

31,914 23,229 72.8 22,677 71.1 551 2.4 8,686

With a certification or license(1)

12,814 11,190 87.3 11,025 86.0 165 1.5 1,624

With a certification, but no license

942 822 87.3 802 85.2 20 2.4 120

With a license(2)

11,872 10,368 87.3 10,223 86.1 145 1.4 1,505

Without a certification or license

19,100 12,039 63.0 11,652 61.0 387 3.2 7,062

Footnotes
(1) A person may have more than one certification or license.
(2) Persons with a license may also have a certification.
(3) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(4) Includes persons with master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Certifications are issued by a non-governmental certification body and convey that an individual has the knowledge or skill to perform a specific job. A license is awarded by a government agency and conveys a legal authority to work in an occupation. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 20, 2022