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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links

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HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
50. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by certification and licensing status and selected characteristics, 2020 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in labor
force
Total Participation
rate
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Rate

Age

Total, 16 years and over

260,329 160,742 61.7 147,795 56.8 12,947 8.1 99,587

With a certification or license(1)

44,405 38,729 87.2 36,906 83.1 1,823 4.7 5,676

With a certification, but no license

4,127 3,585 86.9 3,390 82.1 196 5.5 542

With a license(2)

40,278 35,144 87.3 33,517 83.2 1,627 4.6 5,134

Without a certification or license

215,924 122,013 56.5 110,889 51.4 11,125 9.1 93,911

16 to 24 years

37,485 20,207 53.9 17,192 45.9 3,015 14.9 17,278

With a certification or license(1)

2,258 1,949 86.3 1,758 77.8 191 9.8 309

With a certification, but no license

247 206 83.1 179 72.2 27 13.1 42

With a license(2)

2,011 1,744 86.7 1,579 78.5 164 9.4 267

Without a certification or license

35,226 18,258 51.8 15,434 43.8 2,824 15.5 16,968

25 to 54 years

126,045 102,630 81.4 95,331 75.6 7,298 7.1 23,416

With a certification or license(1)

28,528 26,687 93.5 25,551 89.6 1,135 4.3 1,841

With a certification, but no license

2,720 2,520 92.6 2,393 88.0 127 5.0 200

With a license(2)

25,807 24,167 93.6 23,158 89.7 1,009 4.2 1,641

Without a certification or license

97,517 75,943 77.9 69,780 71.6 6,163 8.1 21,574

55 years and over

96,799 37,905 39.2 35,271 36.4 2,634 6.9 58,893

With a certification or license(1)

13,619 10,093 74.1 9,597 70.5 497 4.9 3,525

With a certification, but no license

1,160 860 74.2 818 70.5 42 4.9 300

With a license(2)

12,459 9,234 74.1 8,779 70.5 454 4.9 3,226

Without a certification or license

83,180 27,812 33.4 25,674 30.9 2,138 7.7 55,368

Sex

Men, 16 years and over

125,922 85,204 67.7 78,560 62.4 6,644 7.8 40,718

With a certification or license(1)

20,216 18,136 89.7 17,345 85.8 791 4.4 2,080

With a certification, but no license

2,318 2,056 88.7 1,950 84.1 106 5.1 262

With a license(2)

17,898 16,080 89.8 15,395 86.0 685 4.3 1,818

Without a certification or license

105,706 67,068 63.4 61,215 57.9 5,853 8.7 38,638

Women, 16 years and over

134,407 75,538 56.2 69,234 51.5 6,304 8.3 58,869

With a certification or license(1)

24,189 20,594 85.1 19,561 80.9 1,032 5.0 3,596

With a certification, but no license

1,810 1,530 84.5 1,440 79.6 90 5.9 280

With a license(2)

22,379 19,064 85.2 18,122 81.0 942 4.9 3,316

Without a certification or license

110,218 54,945 49.9 49,673 45.1 5,272 9.6 55,273

Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

White, 16 years and over

201,306 124,431 61.8 115,341 57.3 9,090 7.3 76,875

With a certification or license(1)

35,584 31,058 87.3 29,701 83.5 1,357 4.4 4,526

With a certification, but no license

3,225 2,811 87.2 2,674 82.9 137 4.9 414

With a license(2)

32,359 28,247 87.3 27,027 83.5 1,220 4.3 4,112

Without a certification or license

165,722 93,373 56.3 85,640 51.7 7,733 8.3 72,349

Black or African American, 16 years and over

33,344 20,177 60.5 17,873 53.6 2,304 11.4 13,167

With a certification or license(1)

4,937 4,236 85.8 3,960 80.2 276 6.5 701

With a certification, but no license

449 383 85.4 348 77.6 35 9.2 65

With a license(2)

4,488 3,853 85.8 3,612 80.5 241 6.2 635

Without a certification or license

28,407 15,941 56.1 13,912 49.0 2,029 12.7 12,466

Asian, 16 years and over

16,467 10,331 62.7 9,437 57.3 894 8.7 6,136

With a certification or license(1)

2,497 2,229 89.3 2,115 84.7 115 5.1 267

With a certification, but no license

290 253 87.1 235 81.0 18 7.1 37

With a license(2)

2,206 1,976 89.6 1,879 85.2 97 4.9 230

Without a certification or license

13,970 8,102 58.0 7,323 52.4 779 9.6 5,868

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 16 years and over

44,182 28,970 65.6 25,952 58.7 3,018 10.4 15,213

With a certification or license(1)

5,117 4,519 88.3 4,220 82.5 299 6.6 597

With a certification, but no license

525 455 86.8 423 80.6 32 7.1 69

With a license(2)

4,592 4,064 88.5 3,797 82.7 266 6.6 528

Without a certification or license

39,066 24,451 62.6 21,732 55.6 2,719 11.1 14,615

Educational attainment

Total, 25 years and over

222,844 140,535 63.1 130,603 58.6 9,933 7.1 82,309

With a certification or license(1)

42,147 36,780 87.3 35,148 83.4 1,632 4.4 5,367

With a certification, but no license

3,880 3,380 87.1 3,211 82.8 169 5.0 500

With a license(2)

38,267 33,400 87.3 31,937 83.5 1,463 4.4 4,867

Without a certification or license

180,697 103,755 57.4 95,454 52.8 8,301 8.0 76,942

Less than a high school diploma

19,900 8,930 44.9 7,888 39.6 1,041 11.7 10,971

With a certification or license(1)

855 710 83.0 647 75.6 63 8.9 145

With a certification, but no license

95 66 70.0 58 61.4 8 12.3 29

With a license(2)

760 644 84.6 589 77.4 55 8.5 117

Without a certification or license

19,045 8,220 43.2 7,241 38.0 978 11.9 10,825

High school graduates, no college(3)

62,121 34,741 55.9 31,606 50.9 3,135 9.0 27,380

With a certification or license(1)

5,668 4,930 87.0 4,605 81.2 325 6.6 738

With a certification, but no license

481 401 83.4 374 77.8 27 6.7 80

With a license(2)

5,187 4,529 87.3 4,231 81.6 298 6.6 658

Without a certification or license

56,453 29,811 52.8 27,001 47.8 2,810 9.4 26,642

Some college or associate degree

57,327 36,401 63.5 33,570 58.6 2,831 7.8 20,926

With a certification or license(1)

11,191 9,732 87.0 9,173 82.0 559 5.7 1,459

With a certification, but no license

1,164 1,009 86.7 951 81.7 59 5.8 155

With a license(2)

10,028 8,723 87.0 8,223 82.0 500 5.7 1,305

Without a certification or license

46,136 26,669 57.8 24,396 52.9 2,273 8.5 19,467

Some college, no degree

34,076 20,766 60.9 19,037 55.9 1,728 8.3 13,311

With a certification or license(1)

5,226 4,524 86.6 4,255 81.4 270 6.0 702

With a certification, but no license

597 517 86.5 482 80.7 34 6.7 81

With a license(2)

4,628 4,008 86.6 3,772 81.5 235 5.9 621

Without a certification or license

28,850 16,241 56.3 14,783 51.2 1,458 9.0 12,609

Associate degree

23,251 15,636 67.2 14,532 62.5 1,103 7.1 7,616

With a certification or license(1)

5,965 5,208 87.3 4,919 82.5 289 5.5 758

With a certification, but no license

566 492 87.0 468 82.7 24 4.9 74

With a license(2)

5,399 4,715 87.3 4,450 82.4 265 5.6 684

Without a certification or license

17,286 10,428 60.3 9,614 55.6 814 7.8 6,858

Bachelor's degree and higher

83,495 60,463 72.4 57,538 68.9 2,925 4.8 23,032

With a certification or license(1)

24,432 21,408 87.6 20,723 84.8 685 3.2 3,024

With a certification, but no license

2,140 1,903 88.9 1,828 85.4 75 4.0 237

With a license(2)

22,292 19,505 87.5 18,895 84.8 610 3.1 2,787

Without a certification or license

59,063 39,055 66.1 36,815 62.3 2,240 5.7 20,008

Bachelor's degree only

51,985 37,340 71.8 35,286 67.9 2,054 5.5 14,645

With a certification or license(1)

11,769 10,369 88.1 9,959 84.6 410 4.0 1,400

With a certification, but no license

1,230 1,119 91.0 1,069 86.9 50 4.5 111

With a license(2)

10,539 9,250 87.8 8,890 84.4 359 3.9 1,290

Without a certification or license

40,216 26,971 67.1 25,327 63.0 1,644 6.1 13,245

Advanced degree(4)

31,510 23,123 73.4 22,252 70.6 871 3.8 8,387

With a certification or license(1)

12,663 11,039 87.2 10,764 85.0 275 2.5 1,624

With a certification, but no license

910 784 86.1 759 83.4 25 3.2 126

With a license(2)

11,752 10,255 87.3 10,005 85.1 250 2.4 1,497

Without a certification or license

18,847 12,084 64.1 11,489 61.0 595 4.9 6,763

Footnotes
(1) A person may have more than one certification or license.
(2) Persons with a license may also have a certification.
(3) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(4) Includes persons with master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Certifications are issued by a non-governmental certification body and convey that an individual has the knowledge or skill to perform a specific job. A license is awarded by a government agency and conveys a legal authority to work in an occupation. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 22, 2021