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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links

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HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
50. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by certification and licensing status and selected characteristics, 2019 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in labor
force
Total Participation
rate
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Rate

Age

Total, 16 years and over

259,175 163,539 63.1 157,538 60.8 6,001 3.7 95,636

With a certification or license(1)

44,018 38,791 88.1 38,081 86.5 709 1.8 5,227

With a certification, but no license

4,141 3,630 87.7 3,536 85.4 94 2.6 511

With a license(2)

39,877 35,161 88.2 34,546 86.6 615 1.7 4,716

Without a certification or license

215,157 124,748 58.0 119,457 55.5 5,291 4.2 90,409

16 to 24 years

37,748 21,092 55.9 19,322 51.2 1,770 8.4 16,656

With a certification or license(1)

2,265 1,996 88.1 1,915 84.6 81 4.0 269

With a certification, but no license

240 212 88.0 203 84.3 9 4.3 29

With a license(2)

2,025 1,785 88.1 1,713 84.6 72 4.0 240

Without a certification or license

35,483 19,096 53.8 17,407 49.1 1,689 8.8 16,387

25 to 54 years

126,281 104,180 82.5 100,976 80.0 3,204 3.1 22,102

With a certification or license(1)

28,354 26,732 94.3 26,300 92.8 432 1.6 1,622

With a certification, but no license

2,803 2,628 93.7 2,573 91.8 54 2.1 176

With a license(2)

25,551 24,105 94.3 23,727 92.9 378 1.6 1,446

Without a certification or license

97,927 77,447 79.1 74,676 76.3 2,771 3.6 20,480

55 years and over

95,146 38,267 40.2 37,240 39.1 1,027 2.7 56,879

With a certification or license(1)

13,399 10,062 75.1 9,866 73.6 196 2.0 3,336

With a certification, but no license

1,097 791 72.1 760 69.3 31 3.9 306

With a license(2)

12,301 9,271 75.4 9,106 74.0 165 1.8 3,030

Without a certification or license

81,747 28,205 34.5 27,374 33.5 831 2.9 53,543

Sex

Men, 16 years and over

125,353 86,687 69.2 83,460 66.6 3,227 3.7 38,667

With a certification or license(1)

20,127 18,151 90.2 17,808 88.5 342 1.9 1,976

With a certification, but no license

2,305 2,069 89.8 2,013 87.3 56 2.7 236

With a license(2)

17,822 16,082 90.2 15,795 88.6 287 1.8 1,740

Without a certification or license

105,226 68,536 65.1 65,652 62.4 2,884 4.2 36,690

Women, 16 years and over

133,822 76,852 57.4 74,078 55.4 2,774 3.6 56,970

With a certification or license(1)

23,891 20,640 86.4 20,273 84.9 367 1.8 3,251

With a certification, but no license

1,836 1,561 85.0 1,523 82.9 38 2.5 275

With a license(2)

22,055 19,079 86.5 18,750 85.0 329 1.7 2,976

Without a certification or license

109,931 56,211 51.1 53,804 48.9 2,407 4.3 53,719

Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

White, 16 years and over

200,827 126,600 63.0 122,441 61.0 4,159 3.3 74,227

With a certification or license(1)

35,417 31,118 87.9 30,590 86.4 528 1.7 4,299

With a certification, but no license

3,197 2,792 87.3 2,734 85.5 59 2.1 405

With a license(2)

32,220 28,326 87.9 27,856 86.5 470 1.7 3,894

Without a certification or license

165,410 95,482 57.7 91,851 55.5 3,631 3.8 69,929

Black or African American, 16 years and over

33,036 20,632 62.5 19,381 58.7 1,251 6.1 12,404

With a certification or license(1)

4,889 4,335 88.7 4,216 86.2 119 2.7 554

With a certification, but no license

511 452 88.5 430 84.1 22 4.9 59

With a license(2)

4,378 3,882 88.7 3,786 86.5 97 2.5 495

Without a certification or license

28,148 16,298 57.9 15,165 53.9 1,133 6.9 11,850

Asian, 16 years and over

16,351 10,460 64.0 10,179 62.3 280 2.7 5,891

With a certification or license(1)

2,365 2,142 90.6 2,111 89.3 31 1.5 223

With a certification, but no license

286 253 88.5 248 86.8 5 2.0 33

With a license(2)

2,079 1,889 90.9 1,862 89.6 26 1.4 190

Without a certification or license

13,986 8,318 59.5 8,069 57.7 249 3.0 5,669

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 16 years and over

43,507 29,053 66.8 27,805 63.9 1,248 4.3 14,454

With a certification or license(1)

4,820 4,334 89.9 4,239 87.9 95 2.2 485

With a certification, but no license

481 421 87.5 410 85.2 11 2.6 60

With a license(2)

4,339 3,914 90.2 3,829 88.3 85 2.2 425

Without a certification or license

38,687 24,719 63.9 23,566 60.9 1,153 4.7 13,968

Educational attainment

Total, 25 years and over

221,427 142,446 64.3 138,216 62.4 4,230 3.0 78,981

With a certification or license(1)

41,753 36,795 88.1 36,166 86.6 629 1.7 4,958

With a certification, but no license

3,900 3,418 87.6 3,333 85.5 85 2.5 482

With a license(2)

37,853 33,376 88.2 32,833 86.7 543 1.6 4,476

Without a certification or license

179,674 105,652 58.8 102,050 56.8 3,602 3.4 74,022

Less than a high school diploma

21,627 9,976 46.1 9,441 43.7 535 5.4 11,651

With a certification or license(1)

926 803 86.7 783 84.5 20 2.4 124

With a certification, but no license

108 90 83.4 88 81.4 2 2.4 18

With a license(2)

818 713 87.1 695 85.0 17 2.4 106

Without a certification or license

20,700 9,173 44.3 8,658 41.8 515 5.6 11,528

High school graduates, no college(3)

62,460 36,162 57.9 34,837 55.8 1,324 3.7 26,298

With a certification or license(1)

5,892 5,220 88.6 5,107 86.7 113 2.2 672

With a certification, but no license

592 511 86.3 497 84.1 13 2.6 81

With a license(2)

5,301 4,709 88.8 4,609 87.0 100 2.1 591

Without a certification or license

56,567 30,942 54.7 29,731 52.6 1,211 3.9 25,626

Some college or associate degree

57,513 37,420 65.1 36,282 63.1 1,138 3.0 20,093

With a certification or license(1)

11,241 9,804 87.2 9,593 85.3 211 2.1 1,438

With a certification, but no license

1,135 964 85.0 935 82.4 29 3.0 171

With a license(2)

10,107 8,839 87.5 8,658 85.7 182 2.1 1,267

Without a certification or license

46,272 27,617 59.7 26,689 57.7 927 3.4 18,655

Some college, no degree

34,711 21,592 62.2 20,882 60.2 709 3.3 13,120

With a certification or license(1)

5,345 4,622 86.5 4,512 84.4 110 2.4 723

With a certification, but no license

601 504 83.7 488 81.1 16 3.1 98

With a license(2)

4,743 4,118 86.8 4,024 84.8 94 2.3 625

Without a certification or license

29,367 16,970 57.8 16,370 55.7 600 3.5 12,397

Associate degree

22,802 15,829 69.4 15,400 67.5 429 2.7 6,973

With a certification or license(1)

5,896 5,182 87.9 5,081 86.2 101 2.0 715

With a certification, but no license

533 460 86.3 447 83.8 13 2.9 73

With a license(2)

5,363 4,721 88.0 4,634 86.4 88 1.9 642

Without a certification or license

16,905 10,647 63.0 10,320 61.0 327 3.1 6,258

Bachelor's degree and higher

79,827 58,889 73.8 57,655 72.2 1,234 2.1 20,938

With a certification or license(1)

23,693 20,968 88.5 20,683 87.3 285 1.4 2,725

With a certification, but no license

2,066 1,853 89.7 1,813 87.7 41 2.2 213

With a license(2)

21,627 19,115 88.4 18,871 87.3 244 1.3 2,512

Without a certification or license

56,134 37,921 67.6 36,972 65.9 949 2.5 18,214

Bachelor's degree only

50,049 36,672 73.3 35,850 71.6 822 2.2 13,378

With a certification or license(1)

11,509 10,231 88.9 10,076 87.5 155 1.5 1,279

With a certification, but no license

1,217 1,105 90.8 1,080 88.8 24 2.2 112

With a license(2)

10,292 9,126 88.7 8,995 87.4 130 1.4 1,166

Without a certification or license

38,540 26,441 68.6 25,774 66.9 667 2.5 12,099

Advanced degree(4)

29,778 22,217 74.6 21,805 73.2 412 1.9 7,560

With a certification or license(1)

12,184 10,737 88.1 10,607 87.1 130 1.2 1,446

With a certification, but no license

849 748 88.2 732 86.3 16 2.1 100

With a license(2)

11,335 9,989 88.1 9,875 87.1 114 1.1 1,346

Without a certification or license

17,594 11,480 65.2 11,198 63.6 282 2.5 6,114

Footnotes
(1) A person may have more than one certification or license.
(2) Persons with a license may also have a certification.
(3) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(4) Includes persons with master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Certifications are issued by a non-governmental certification body and convey that an individual has the knowledge or skill to perform a specific job. A license is awarded by a government agency and conveys a legal authority to work in an occupation. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 22, 2020