HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
51. Certification and licensing status of employed persons 16 years and over by selected characteristics, 2018 annual averages
Characteristic Number of persons (in thousands) Percent distribution)
Total
employed
With a certification or license(1) Without a
certification
or license
Total
employed
With a certification or license(1) Without a
certification
or license
Total With a
certification,
but no
license
With a
license(2)
Total With a
certification,
but no
license
With a
license(2)

Age and sex

Total, 16 years and over

155,761 37,556 3,546 34,010 118,205 100.0 24.1 2.3 21.8 75.9

16 to 24 years

19,177 1,854 183 1,671 17,323 100.0 9.7 1.0 8.7 90.3

25 to 54 years

100,314 26,060 2,526 23,535 74,253 100.0 26.0 2.5 23.5 74.0

25 to 34 years

35,324 8,192 822 7,370 27,132 100.0 23.2 2.3 20.9 76.8

35 to 44 years

32,616 9,019 899 8,120 23,598 100.0 27.7 2.8 24.9 72.3

45 to 54 years

32,373 8,849 804 8,045 23,524 100.0 27.3 2.5 24.8 72.7

55 years and over

36,270 9,642 837 8,805 26,628 100.0 26.6 2.3 24.3 73.4

55 to 64 years

26,565 6,976 642 6,334 19,588 100.0 26.3 2.4 23.8 73.7

65 years and over

9,705 2,666 195 2,471 7,040 100.0 27.5 2.0 25.5 72.5

Men, 16 years and over

82,698 17,737 2,102 15,635 64,961 100.0 21.4 2.5 18.9 78.6

16 to 24 years

9,677 744 96 648 8,934 100.0 7.7 1.0 6.7 92.3

25 to 54 years

53,673 12,019 1,533 10,486 41,654 100.0 22.4 2.9 19.5 77.6

25 to 34 years

19,027 3,550 508 3,042 15,477 100.0 18.7 2.7 16.0 81.3

35 to 44 years

17,608 4,215 551 3,663 13,394 100.0 23.9 3.1 20.8 76.1

45 to 54 years

17,038 4,255 473 3,781 12,784 100.0 25.0 2.8 22.2 75.0

55 years and over

19,348 4,975 474 4,501 14,373 100.0 25.7 2.4 23.3 74.3

55 to 64 years

14,001 3,496 367 3,129 10,505 100.0 25.0 2.6 22.4 75.0

65 years and over

5,348 1,479 107 1,372 3,869 100.0 27.7 2.0 25.7 72.3

Women, 16 years and over

73,063 19,819 1,443 18,376 53,244 100.0 27.1 2.0 25.2 72.9

16 to 24 years

9,500 1,110 87 1,023 8,390 100.0 11.7 0.9 10.8 88.3

25 to 54 years

46,641 14,042 993 13,049 32,599 100.0 30.1 2.1 28.0 69.9

25 to 34 years

16,298 4,643 314 4,328 11,655 100.0 28.5 1.9 26.6 71.5

35 to 44 years

15,008 4,804 348 4,457 10,204 100.0 32.0 2.3 29.7 68.0

45 to 54 years

15,335 4,595 331 4,264 10,740 100.0 30.0 2.2 27.8 70.0

55 years and over

16,922 4,667 363 4,304 12,255 100.0 27.6 2.1 25.4 72.4

55 to 64 years

12,564 3,480 275 3,205 9,084 100.0 27.7 2.2 25.5 72.3

65 years and over

4,358 1,187 88 1,099 3,171 100.0 27.2 2.0 25.2 72.8

Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

White, 16 years and over

121,461 30,279 2,784 27,495 91,182 100.0 24.9 2.3 22.6 75.1

Men

65,702 14,697 1,681 13,016 51,005 100.0 22.4 2.6 19.8 77.6

Women

55,759 15,582 1,103 14,479 40,177 100.0 27.9 2.0 26.0 72.1

Black or African American, 16 years and over

19,091 4,155 405 3,750 14,936 100.0 21.8 2.1 19.6 78.2

Men

9,018 1,637 212 1,425 7,381 100.0 18.1 2.4 15.8 81.9

Women

10,073 2,519 193 2,326 7,555 100.0 25.0 1.9 23.1 75.0

Asian, 16 years and over

9,832 2,059 237 1,822 7,773 100.0 20.9 2.4 18.5 79.1

Men

5,188 914 146 768 4,274 100.0 17.6 2.8 14.8 82.4

Women

4,644 1,145 91 1,054 3,499 100.0 24.7 2.0 22.7 75.3

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 16 years and over

27,012 4,017 422 3,594 22,995 100.0 14.9 1.6 13.3 85.1

Men

15,418 2,035 260 1,775 13,383 100.0 13.2 1.7 11.5 86.8

Women

11,594 1,982 163 1,819 9,612 100.0 17.1 1.4 15.7 82.9

Educational attainment

Total, 25 years and over

136,584 35,703 3,363 32,340 100,882 100.0 26.1 2.5 23.7 73.9

Less than a high school diploma

9,701 790 79 711 8,911 100.0 8.1 0.8 7.3 91.9

High school graduates, no college(3)

34,550 5,149 507 4,642 29,400 100.0 14.9 1.5 13.4 85.1

Some college or associate degree

36,338 9,535 953 8,582 26,802 100.0 26.2 2.6 23.6 73.8

Some college, no degree

21,128 4,454 491 3,963 16,674 100.0 21.1 2.3 18.8 78.9

Associate degree

15,209 5,081 463 4,619 10,128 100.0 33.4 3.0 30.4 66.6

Bachelor's degree and higher

55,995 20,228 1,823 18,405 35,768 100.0 36.1 3.3 32.9 63.9

Bachelor's degree only

35,026 9,977 1,092 8,885 25,048 100.0 28.5 3.1 25.4 71.5

Advanced degree(4)

20,970 10,250 731 9,520 10,719 100.0 48.9 3.5 45.4 51.1

Men, 25 years and over

73,021 16,994 2,007 14,987 56,028 100.0 23.3 2.7 20.5 76.7

Less than a high school diploma

6,201 519 62 457 5,681 100.0 8.4 1.0 7.4 91.6

High school graduates, no college(3)

20,294 3,197 357 2,841 17,097 100.0 15.8 1.8 14.0 84.2

Some college or associate degree

18,460 4,534 573 3,961 13,926 100.0 24.6 3.1 21.5 75.4

Some college, no degree

11,279 2,380 303 2,077 8,899 100.0 21.1 2.7 18.4 78.9

Associate degree

7,182 2,154 270 1,884 5,027 100.0 30.0 3.8 26.2 70.0

Bachelor's degree and higher

28,066 8,743 1,015 7,728 19,323 100.0 31.2 3.6 27.5 68.8

Bachelor's degree only

17,803 4,322 621 3,701 13,481 100.0 24.3 3.5 20.8 75.7

Advanced degree(4)

10,263 4,421 394 4,027 5,842 100.0 43.1 3.8 39.2 56.9

Women, 25 years and over

63,563 18,709 1,356 17,352 44,854 100.0 29.4 2.1 27.3 70.6

Less than a high school diploma

3,501 271 17 254 3,230 100.0 7.7 0.5 7.3 92.3

High school graduates, no college(3)

14,256 1,952 151 1,801 12,303 100.0 13.7 1.1 12.6 86.3

Some college or associate degree

17,877 5,001 380 4,621 12,876 100.0 28.0 2.1 25.8 72.0

Some college, no degree

9,850 2,074 188 1,886 7,775 100.0 21.1 1.9 19.1 78.9

Associate degree

8,028 2,927 192 2,734 5,101 100.0 36.5 2.4 34.1 63.5

Bachelor's degree and higher

27,929 11,485 808 10,676 16,445 100.0 41.1 2.9 38.2 58.9

Bachelor's degree only

17,223 5,656 471 5,184 11,567 100.0 32.8 2.7 30.1 67.2

Advanced degree(4)

10,706 5,829 337 5,492 4,877 100.0 54.4 3.1 51.3 45.6

Footnotes
(1) A person may have more than one certification or license.
(2) Persons with a license may also have a certification.
(3) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(4) Includes persons with master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Certifications are issued by a non-governmental certification body and convey that an individual has the knowledge or skill to perform a specific job. A license is awarded by a government agency and conveys a legal authority to work in an occupation. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 18, 2019