HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
51. Certification and licensing status of employed persons 16 years and over by selected characteristics, 2017 annual averages
Characteristic Number of persons (in thousands) Percent distribution)
Total
employed
With a certification or license(1) Without a
certification
or license
Total
employed
With a certification or license(1) Without a
certification
or license
Total With a
certification,
but no
license
With a
license(2)
Total With a
certification,
but no
license
With a
license(2)

Age and sex

Total, 16 years and over

153,337 37,245 3,580 33,664 116,093 100.0 24.3 2.3 22.0 75.7

16 to 24 years

19,206 1,982 205 1,777 17,224 100.0 10.3 1.1 9.3 89.7

25 to 54 years

98,833 25,672 2,518 23,154 73,161 100.0 26.0 2.5 23.4 74.0

25 to 34 years

34,439 8,088 800 7,287 26,351 100.0 23.5 2.3 21.2 76.5

35 to 44 years

31,892 8,632 848 7,783 23,260 100.0 27.1 2.7 24.4 72.9

45 to 54 years

32,503 8,953 869 8,083 23,550 100.0 27.5 2.7 24.9 72.5

55 years and over

35,299 9,591 858 8,733 25,708 100.0 27.2 2.4 24.7 72.8

55 to 64 years

26,064 7,043 672 6,371 19,021 100.0 27.0 2.6 24.4 73.0

65 years and over

9,234 2,548 186 2,362 6,686 100.0 27.6 2.0 25.6 72.4

Men, 16 years and over

81,402 17,764 2,113 15,650 63,638 100.0 21.8 2.6 19.2 78.2

16 to 24 years

9,764 821 120 701 8,943 100.0 8.4 1.2 7.2 91.6

25 to 54 years

52,817 11,977 1,505 10,472 40,840 100.0 22.7 2.8 19.8 77.3

25 to 34 years

18,490 3,560 481 3,079 14,930 100.0 19.3 2.6 16.7 80.7

35 to 44 years

17,202 4,059 507 3,552 13,143 100.0 23.6 2.9 20.7 76.4

45 to 54 years

17,125 4,358 518 3,840 12,767 100.0 25.4 3.0 22.4 74.6

55 years and over

18,821 4,965 488 4,478 13,855 100.0 26.4 2.6 23.8 73.6

55 to 64 years

13,710 3,516 367 3,149 10,194 100.0 25.6 2.7 23.0 74.4

65 years and over

5,111 1,449 121 1,329 3,661 100.0 28.4 2.4 26.0 71.6

Women, 16 years and over

71,936 19,481 1,467 18,014 52,455 100.0 27.1 2.0 25.0 72.9

16 to 24 years

9,442 1,161 84 1,076 8,281 100.0 12.3 0.9 11.4 87.7

25 to 54 years

46,016 13,695 1,012 12,682 32,321 100.0 29.8 2.2 27.6 70.2

25 to 34 years

15,949 4,528 320 4,208 11,421 100.0 28.4 2.0 26.4 71.6

35 to 44 years

14,690 4,573 341 4,231 10,117 100.0 31.1 2.3 28.8 68.9

45 to 54 years

15,377 4,594 351 4,243 10,783 100.0 29.9 2.3 27.6 70.1

55 years and over

16,478 4,626 370 4,255 11,852 100.0 28.1 2.2 25.8 71.9

55 to 64 years

12,354 3,527 305 3,222 8,827 100.0 28.5 2.5 26.1 71.5

65 years and over

4,124 1,098 65 1,033 3,025 100.0 26.6 1.6 25.1 73.4

Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

White, 16 years and over

120,176 30,234 2,875 27,358 89,942 100.0 25.2 2.4 22.8 74.8

Men

65,000 14,785 1,719 13,066 50,215 100.0 22.7 2.6 20.1 77.3

Women

55,176 15,449 1,156 14,293 39,727 100.0 28.0 2.1 25.9 72.0

Black or African American, 16 years and over

18,587 3,949 352 3,597 14,638 100.0 21.2 1.9 19.4 78.8

Men

8,742 1,553 188 1,365 7,189 100.0 17.8 2.2 15.6 82.2

Women

9,845 2,396 163 2,233 7,450 100.0 24.3 1.7 22.7 75.7

Asian, 16 years and over

9,448 1,983 245 1,739 7,464 100.0 21.0 2.6 18.4 79.0

Men

4,989 901 143 758 4,088 100.0 18.1 2.9 15.2 81.9

Women

4,458 1,082 101 981 3,376 100.0 24.3 2.3 22.0 75.7

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 16 years and over

25,938 3,868 403 3,465 22,070 100.0 14.9 1.6 13.4 85.1

Men

14,874 1,939 246 1,693 12,935 100.0 13.0 1.7 11.4 87.0

Women

11,064 1,929 157 1,772 9,135 100.0 17.4 1.4 16.0 82.6

Educational attainment

Total, 25 years and over

134,132 35,263 3,376 31,887 98,869 100.0 26.3 2.5 23.8 73.7

Less than a high school diploma

9,668 777 68 709 8,891 100.0 8.0 0.7 7.3 92.0

High school graduates, no college(3)

34,210 5,099 511 4,588 29,111 100.0 14.9 1.5 13.4 85.1

Some college or associate degree

36,282 9,728 998 8,729 26,555 100.0 26.8 2.8 24.1 73.2

Some college, no degree

21,440 4,673 532 4,141 16,767 100.0 21.8 2.5 19.3 78.2

Associate degree

14,842 5,054 466 4,588 9,788 100.0 34.1 3.1 30.9 65.9

Bachelor's degree and higher

53,971 19,659 1,798 17,862 34,312 100.0 36.4 3.3 33.1 63.6

Bachelor's degree only

33,620 9,722 1,045 8,677 23,897 100.0 28.9 3.1 25.8 71.1

Advanced degree(4)

20,351 9,937 753 9,184 10,414 100.0 48.8 3.7 45.1 51.2

Men, 25 years and over

71,638 16,943 1,993 14,950 54,696 100.0 23.7 2.8 20.9 76.3

Less than a high school diploma

6,129 506 52 454 5,623 100.0 8.3 0.8 7.4 91.7

High school graduates, no college(3)

20,013 3,193 367 2,825 16,820 100.0 16.0 1.8 14.1 84.0

Some college or associate degree

18,324 4,690 579 4,110 13,635 100.0 25.6 3.2 22.4 74.4

Some college, no degree

11,355 2,578 320 2,259 8,777 100.0 22.7 2.8 19.9 77.3

Associate degree

6,969 2,111 260 1,852 4,858 100.0 30.3 3.7 26.6 69.7

Bachelor's degree and higher

27,172 8,555 995 7,560 18,618 100.0 31.5 3.7 27.8 68.5

Bachelor's degree only

17,137 4,259 565 3,694 12,878 100.0 24.9 3.3 21.6 75.1

Advanced degree(4)

10,035 4,296 430 3,866 5,740 100.0 42.8 4.3 38.5 57.2

Women, 25 years and over

62,494 18,320 1,383 16,938 44,173 100.0 29.3 2.2 27.1 70.7

Less than a high school diploma

3,540 271 16 255 3,268 100.0 7.7 0.5 7.2 92.3

High school graduates, no college(3)

14,197 1,906 144 1,762 12,291 100.0 13.4 1.0 12.4 86.6

Some college or associate degree

17,958 5,038 419 4,619 12,920 100.0 28.1 2.3 25.7 71.9

Some college, no degree

10,085 2,095 213 1,883 7,990 100.0 20.8 2.1 18.7 79.2

Associate degree

7,873 2,943 207 2,736 4,930 100.0 37.4 2.6 34.8 62.6

Bachelor's degree and higher

26,799 11,105 803 10,302 15,694 100.0 41.4 3.0 38.4 58.6

Bachelor's degree only

16,483 5,464 480 4,983 11,019 100.0 33.1 2.9 30.2 66.9

Advanced degree(4)

10,316 5,641 323 5,318 4,675 100.0 54.7 3.1 51.6 45.3

Footnotes
(1) A person may have more than one certification or license.
(2) Persons with a license may also have a certification.
(3) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(4) Includes persons with master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Certifications are issued by a non-governmental certification body and convey that an individual has the knowledge or skill to perform a specific job. A license is awarded by a government agency and conveys a legal authority to work in an occupation. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: February 8, 2018