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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

The monthly household labor force survey, or Current Population Survey (CPS), has labor force, employment, and unemployment statistics for people of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity. (Learn how we define Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.) These estimates are available in the Employment Situation news release and other products.

Database: Retrieve historical data series

Detailed Hispanic or Latino ethnicity groups

People who identify themselves as Hispanic or Latino are further classified as Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Salvadoran, Other Central American (excluding Salvadoran), South American, Dominican, or Other Hispanic or Latino group (excluding Dominican). The Other Hispanic category includes individuals of groups not listed, such as Spanish. A Central American group combines the Salvadoran and the Other Central American (excluding Salvadoran) groups.  A larger Other Hispanic or Latino group combines the Dominican and Other Hispanic or Latino (excluding Dominican) groups.

Time series by detailed Hispanic or Latino ethnicity group (not seasonally adjusted)

Time series for all detailed Hispanic or Latino ethnicity groups by labor force status (not seasonally adjusted)

Hints for retrieving historical data

When looking at monthly data, you can check the box at the top of the output page to include annual averages with the estimates. Some series have annual averages that go back farther in time than monthly estimates.

You can choose start and end years, reformat your output, or create differences using the "More formatting options" link that will be shown at the top of the data page.

Using these data

People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race. In most BLS publications of CPS data, people of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity are included in the race groups (White, Black or African American, Asian) in addition to being shown separately. Because of this overlap, data for the race and Hispanic ethnicity groups will not sum to the total (or 100 percent).

The data for the detailed Hispanic or Latino ethnicity groups are not seasonally adjusted. For estimates that are not seasonally adjusted, an over-the-year comparison is recommended rather than comparing one month to the following month or one quarter to the following quarter. (Seasonal adjustment is a statistical procedure that removes the effects of normal seasonal variations from time series estimates.)

One must exercise caution when analyzing and interpreting monthly and quarterly data for detailed Hispanic or Latino ethnicity groups because their share of the U.S. population is small and estimates for these groups are based on small sample sizes. The data for these detailed groups can be noisy, as estimates produced from smaller sample sizes are associated with larger margins of error. Using quarterly averages instead of monthly estimates, or annual averages instead of quarterly averages, can reduce the volatility in these time series.

Learn more

Recent blog post: Expanded data for detailed Hispanic or Latino groups now available (October 2023)

Access additional data by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity. Learn how we define race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.


Last Modified Date: October 10, 2023