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International Labor Comparisons

International Comparisons of Annual Labor Force Statistics, Adjusted to U.S. Concepts, 10 Countries, 1970-2008


SECTION 4.  WORKING-AGE POPULATION


   

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Introduction

The labor market statistics provided in this report describe the working-age population. In the United States, the working-age population is more specifically known as the civilian non-institutional working-age population:

  • "Civilian" refers to persons who are not on active duty in the military;
  • "Non-institutional" refers to persons who are not in institutions, such as prison inmates or those in a mental institution; and
  • "Working-age" refers to persons 16 years of age and older.


Data also refer to the civilian non-institutional working-age population for the foreign-country data except for Japan and Germany, where the institutional population is included. The lower age limit is 16 for the United States; the lower age limits for the foreign countries are shown in Figure 4-1.

Data are, in fact, adjusted to the age at which compulsory schooling ends for each country except for Canada and the Netherlands. For Canada, adjusted data cover persons ages 16 and over for 1976 onward, whereas the age at which compulsory schooling ends remains at 15. For the Netherlands, adjusted data cover persons ages 15 and over for 1975 onward, although the age at which compulsory schooling ends is now 16.


Figure 4-1  Lower Age Limits


Country Unadjusted Adjusted
United States 16 16
Canada
  1970-75 15 15
  1976-present 15 16
Australia 15 15
Japan 15 15
France 15 16
Germany
  1970-74 14 15
  1975-83 14/15 15
  1984-present 15 15
Italy
  1970-92 14 14
  1993-present 15 15
Netherlands
  1973-74 13 14
  1975-87 14 15
  1988-present 15 15
Sweden
  1970-2004 16 16
  2005-present 15 16
United Kingdom
  1970-72 15 15
  1973-present 16 16


For some countries, the data reported by the national statistical agency have an upper age limit. BLS adjusts for this divergence from the U.S. concept; therefore, the adjusted series have no upper age limit.


Tables



Table 4-1 Working-age population (in thousands)
Year   United  
States
  Canada   Australia    Japan      France   Germany     Italy       Nether- 
lands
 Sweden    United
Kingdom  

1970

137085 14528 8819 78620 36151 46094 40279 (na) 6106 (na)

1971

140216 14872 9036 79560 36578 46687 40385 (na) 6158 40397

1972

(b) 144126 15186 9238 80470 36965 47100 40780 (na) 6179 40564

1973

147096 15526 9425 82150 37352 47594 41186 9750 6199 40741

1974

150120 15924 9614 83170 37711 47904 41745 9885 6224 40912

1975

153153 16323 9763 84190 38020 48018 42131 9803 6257 41103

1976

156150 (b) 16582 9957 85160 38330 48128 42312 9960 6287 41331

1977

159033 16964 10136 86070 38679 48418 42529 10103 6321 41608

1978

161910 17302 10406 87020 39008 48788 43000 10256 6360 41904

1979

164863 17663 10575 88000 39371 49255 43436 10415 6396 42228

1980

167745 18032 10778 89080 39750 49849 43860 10588 6441 42570

1981

170130 18398 10994 89930 40125 50344 44184 10744 6479 42868

1982

172271 18716 11204 90920 40476 50714 44847 10871 6514 43083

1983

174215 18981 11401 92080 40828 50928 45457 (b) 10996 6553 43327

1984

176383 19220 11602 93230 41165 51112 45853 11131 6586 43596

1985

178206 19459 11826 94400 41500 51261 46174 11271 6621 43863

1986

(b) 180587 19715 (b) 12074 95630 41846 51467 46628 11403 6634 44087

1987

182753 19985 12323 96950 42217 51643 46986 (b) 11561 6678 44296

1988

184613 20257 12593 98240 42605 51893 47778 11667 6715 44456

1989

186393 20540 12823 99490 43008 52279 47660 11766 6766 44602

1990

(b) 189164 20852 13051 100660 43343 53135 48016 11865 6823 44705

1991

190925 21176 13227 101750 43623 (b) 66487 (b) 48044 11979 6857 44793

1992

192805 21459 13391 102590 43892 67083 48203 12077 6879 44848

1993

194838 21731 13561 103470 44138 67709 (b) 47130 12162 6888 44887

1994

(b) 196814 21994 13729 104200 44377 68022 47430 12246 6936 44960

1995

198584 22274 13936 104860 44609 68240 47702 12319 6963 45104

1996

200591 22575 14117 105470 44856 68498 47909 12387 6971 45266

1997

(b) 203133 22866 14321 106370 45147 68797 48096 12455 6987 45432

1998

205220 23130 14525 107040 45446 68914 48277 12538 7007 45610

1999

(b) 207753 23390 14698 107590 45771 69187 48388 12614 7061 45828

2000

(b) 212577 23692 14902 108120 46129 69365 48567 (b) 12703 7043 46085

2001

215092 24033 15140 108620 46522 69599 48750 12803 7116 46395

2002

217570 24395 15390 109030 46910 69900 48894 12892 7108 46680

2003

(b) 221168 24714 15611 109380 47279 70160 48896 (b) 12962 7148 46975

2004

(b) 223357 25046 15802 109660 47621 70431 49080 13019 7196 47339

2005

226082 25381 16099 109830 47959 (b) 70705 49606 13075 7240 47766

2006

228815 25760 16368 109960 48280 70844 49913 13128 7310 48166

2007

231867 26134 16654 110190 48579 70925 50301 13190 7384 48569

2008

233788 26507 16895 110270 48888 70982 50704 13245 7496 48962

Footnotes:
(b) Break in series; see Country notes for more information.
(na) Not available.
 


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Table 4-2 Working-age population for men (in thousands)
Year   United  
States
  Canada   Australia    Japan      France   Germany     Italy       Nether- 
lands
 Sweden    United
Kingdom  

1970

64304 (na) 4377 38020 17029 21162 19189 (na) 3006 (na)

1971

65942 (na) 4483 38470 17266 21523 19199 (na) 3029 19122

1972

(b) 67835 (na) 4583 38940 17468 21736 19415 (na) 3035 19217

1973

69292 (na) 4677 39690 17674 22021 19599 4801 3045 19321

1974

70808 (na) 4769 40220 17856 22159 19874 4866 3053 19424

1975

72291 (na) 4842 40750 17996 22167 20075 4826 3070 19538

1976

73759 8191 4933 41230 18129 22194 20115 4902 3083 19661

1977

75193 8372 5021 41690 18286 22338 20252 4969 3097 19802

1978

76576 8533 5145 42150 18425 22536 20507 5039 3115 19951

1979

78020 8701 5219 42640 18600 22799 20690 5114 3130 20125

1980

79398 8879 5321 43170 18775 23157 20904 5194 3150 20297

1981

80511 9052 5427 43600 18956 23433 21075 5266 3164 20440

1982

81523 9205 5529 44060 19114 23628 21380 5324 3177 20547

1983

82531 9332 5634 44620 19285 23732 21686 (b) 5384 3195 20677

1984

83605 9445 5730 45200 19445 23840 21900 5449 3209 20821

1985

84469 9554 5846 45770 19599 23932 22041 5518 3217 20959

1986

(b) 85798 9682 (b) 5982 46380 19766 24068 22240 5581 3229 21070

1987

86899 9811 6106 47010 19943 24225 22411 (b) 5663 3250 21177

1988

87857 9938 6239 47650 20125 24383 22831 5711 3271 21262

1989

88762 10068 6341 48290 20324 24616 22771 5763 3297 21343

1990

(b) 90377 10223 6451 48880 20488 25145 22923 5812 3330 21409

1991

91278 10379 6536 49410 20625 (b) 31432 (b) 22924 5875 3346 21456

1992

92270 10525 6624 49780 20759 31826 23003 5922 3354 21483

1993

93332 10647 6707 50210 20873 32233 (b) 22452 5964 3358 21501

1994

(b) 94355 10771 6780 50540 20984 32429 22599 6014 3381 21537

1995

95178 10907 6883 50840 21090 32596 22734 6058 3392 21622

1996

96206 11061 6981 51120 21205 32769 22840 6092 3397 21712

1997

(b) 97715 11204 7077 51560 21355 32990 22933 6124 3409 21799

1998

98758 11349 7183 51850 21514 33056 23035 6166 3420 21891

1999

(b) 99722 11482 7249 52080 21690 33315 23089 6202 3449 22010

2000

(b) 101964 11634 7350 52290 21880 33386 23191 (b) 6247 3444 22150

2001

103282 11808 7464 52490 22090 33550 23296 6298 3484 22331

2002

104585 11995 7590 52700 22290 33716 23384 6343 3484 22502

2003

(b) 106435 12151 7699 52840 22476 33887 23384 (b) 6377 3505 22673

2004

(b) 107710 12311 7785 52940 22642 34040 23469 6401 3532 22879

2005

109151 12472 7933 52990 22805 (b) 34180 23746 6424 3558 23118

2006

110605 12665 8070 53030 22963 34278 23909 6448 3597 23346

2007

112173 12853 8227 53180 23111 34341 24104 6477 3639 23578

2008

113113 13037 8360 53210 23269 34392 24297 6505 3701 23804

Footnotes:
(b) Break in series; see Country notes for more information.
(na) Not available.
 


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Table 4-3 Working-age population for women (in thousands)
Year   United  
States
  Canada   Australia    Japan      France   Germany     Italy       Nether- 
lands
 Sweden    United
Kingdom  

1970

72782 (na) 4442 40600 19123 24932 21090 (na) 3100 (na)

1971

74274 (na) 4553 41080 19312 25164 21186 (na) 3128 21275

1972

(b) 76290 (na) 4655 41530 19497 25364 21365 (na) 3141 21347

1973

77804 (na) 4748 42470 19677 25573 21587 4950 3154 21420

1974

79312 (na) 4845 42960 19855 25745 21871 5019 3169 21488

1975

80860 (na) 4921 43440 20024 25851 22056 4977 3186 21564

1976

82390 8392 5025 43920 20201 25934 22197 5058 3203 21671

1977

83840 8592 5115 44380 20394 26080 22277 5134 3222 21806

1978

85334 8770 5262 44870 20583 26252 22493 5216 3244 21953

1979

86843 8962 5356 45360 20771 26456 22746 5301 3265 22103

1980

88348 9153 5458 45910 20974 26692 22956 5393 3291 22272

1981

89618 9346 5567 46340 21168 26911 23109 5478 3314 22428

1982

90748 9511 5675 46870 21361 27086 23467 5546 3335 22536

1983

91684 9649 5767 47460 21542 27196 23771 (b) 5611 3357 22650

1984

92778 9774 5871 48040 21721 27272 23952 5682 3377 22775

1985

93736 9905 5980 48630 21901 27329 24134 5753 3390 22905

1986

(b) 94789 10033 (b) 6092 49250 22080 27399 24388 5822 3405 23018

1987

95853 10174 6217 49950 22274 27418 24574 (b) 5898 3427 23120

1988

96756 10319 6354 50590 22482 27510 24946 5955 3446 23195

1989

97630 10472 6482 51200 22682 27663 24889 6003 3468 23259

1990

(b) 98787 10629 6600 51780 22855 27990 25093 6053 3493 23296

1991

99646 10796 6691 52330 22999 (b) 35055 (b) 25120 6104 3511 23337

1992

100535 10934 6766 52810 23135 35257 25200 6155 3524 23366

1993

101506 11084 6854 53260 23265 35476 (b) 24678 6198 3530 23386

1994

(b) 102460 11223 6949 53660 23394 35593 24831 6232 3555 23423

1995

103406 11368 7053 54020 23518 35644 24967 6261 3569 23482

1996

104385 11514 7136 54350 23651 35729 25070 6295 3574 23555

1997

(b) 105418 11663 7244 54810 23793 35807 25163 6332 3578 23633

1998

106462 11782 7342 55190 23933 35858 25242 6372 3586 23719

1999

(b) 108031 11908 7450 55520 24080 35872 25298 6412 3611 23819

2000

(b) 110613 12058 7552 55830 24248 35979 25376 (b) 6456 3599 23936

2001

111811 12225 7675 56130 24433 36051 25454 6505 3631 24063

2002

112985 12401 7800 56320 24620 36185 25510 6549 3625 24177

2003

(b) 114733 12562 7911 56540 24803 36274 25512 (b) 6585 3642 24302

2004

(b) 115647 12735 8017 56720 24981 36391 25611 6618 3663 24459

2005

116931 12909 8166 56840 25152 (b) 36526 25861 6651 3681 24648

2006

118210 13095 8299 56930 25317 36566 26004 6681 3713 24820

2007

119694 13281 8427 57010 25468 36584 26197 6713 3744 24991

2008

120675 13470 8535 57060 25620 36590 26407 6740 3794 25158

Footnotes:
(b) Break in series; see Country notes for more information.
(na) Not available.
 


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Last Modified Date: October 2, 2009