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International Labor Comparisons

International Comparisons of Annual Labor Force Statistics

Adjusted to U.S. Concepts, 10 Countries, 1970-2008

Appendix A.  Unadjusted Labor Force Statistics


   
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Introduction

Unadjusted statistics in this appendix are those that are published by the originating country; that is, they are not adjusted to U.S. concepts by BLS. Unlike the adjusted data presented in the remainder of this report, some of these unadjusted data may be from administrative records and establishment surveys rather than household surveys.

In the past, there were large differences between the unadjusted and adjusted unemployment rates for almost all countries due to differences in data sources—the unadjusted series often incorporated administrative data, whereas the adjusted series have been based on labor force survey data. In recent years, many countries have revised their historical data to be similarly based on labor force surveys, thus reducing differences between the two series. Major differences remain for three countries: Canada, Germany, and the Netherlands.


Tables

Table A-1 Unadjusted unemployment (in thousands)
Year   United  
States
  Canada   Australia    Japan      France   Germany     Italy       Nether- 
lands
 Sweden    United
Kingdom  

1970

4093 476 91 590 543 149 1111 31 59 (na)

1971

5016 535 107 640 589 185 1109 43 101 1023

1972

4882 553 150 730 610 246 1296 73 107 1155

1973

4365 515 136 680 592 273 1303 77 98 977

1974

5156 514 162 730 649 582 1111 95 80 933

1975

7929 690 303 1000 (b) 791 1074 1226 139 67 1089

1976

7406 (b) 744 298 1080 891 1060 1420 153 66 1405

1977

6991 868 358 1100 1012 1030 1538 152 75 1441

1978

6202 934 405 1240 1060 993 1560 159 94 1466

1979

6137 868 408 1170 1209 876 1686 166 88 1405

1980

7637 895 409 1140 1303 889 1684 194 86 1648

1981

8273 931 394 1260 1542 1272 1895 307 108 2544

1982

10678 1358 495 1360 (b) 1687 1833 1923 437 137 2824

1983

10717 1506 697 1560 1761 2258 2140 533 151 3023

1984

8539 1446 641 1610 2068 2265 2304 534 136 3278

1985

8312 1385 603 1560 2204 2304 2381 482 124 3156

1986

8237 1286 (b) 601 1670 2228 2228 (b) 2611 475 (b) 117 3154

1987

7425 1193 612 1730 2267 2229 2832 486 (b) 92 3061

1988

6701 1070 558 1550 2189 2242 2885 490 78 2526

1989

6528 1061 490 1420 2048 2038 2865 452 67 2106

1990

(b) 7047 1158 563 1340 (b) 1991 1883 2621 419 75 2004

1991

8628 1479 788 1360 2043 (b) 2602 (b) 2653 400 133 2442

1992

9613 1605 897 1420 2278 2979 2799 411 233 2821

1993

8940 1642 914 1660 2554 3419 (b) 2227 481 356 2928

1994

(b) 7996 1515 829 1920 2721 3698 2421 547 340 2675

1995

7404 1394 739 2100 2580 3612 2544 533 332 2435

1996

7236 1432 751 2250 2738 3965 2555 (b) 501 347 2296

1997

(b) 6739 1373 759 2300 2779 4384 2584 448 342 1988

1998

(b) 6210 1270 721 2790 2680 4281 2634 354 276 1789

1999

(b) 5880 1182 652 3170 2625 4100 2559 301 241 1728

2000

(b) 5692 1083 602 3200 2262 3890 2388 270 203 1588

2001

6801 1164 (b) 658 3400 2071 3853 2164 252 175 1490

2002

8378 1269 630 3590 2132 4061 2062 302 176 1529

2003

(b) 8774 1286 599 3500 (b) 2299 4377 2048 399 217 1489

2004

(b) 8149 1235 551 3130 2412 4381 1960 479 246 1424

2005

7591 1173 531 2940 2429 (b) 4861 1889 483 (b) 367 1465

2006

7001 1108 516 2750 2432 4487 1673 413 336 1669

2007

7078 1079 482 2570 2217 3776 1506 344 298 1653

2008

8924 1119 477 2650 2067 3268 1692 304 305 1776

Footnotes:
(b) Break in series; see Country notes for more information.
(na) Not available.
 

NOTE: Unemployment from labor force surveys for the United States, Canada, Australia, France for 1975 onward, Japan, Italy, Sweden, the Netherlands for 1987 onward, and the United Kingdom for 1984 onward; national estimates based on a combination of registered unemployed and unemployment from labor force surveys for the Netherlands prior to 1987 and the United Kingdom prior to 1984; annual estimates based on seasonally adjusted unemployment for France prior to 1975; registered unemployed for Germany. Unadjusted data (as published by the originating country) are identical to data adjusted to U.S. concepts shown in Table 1-1 for the United States, Canada prior to 1976, Australia, Japan, France for 1975 onward, Italy for 1993 onward, and Sweden prior to 1985.


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Table A-2 Unadjusted unemployment rates (in percent)
Year   United  
States
  Canada   Australia    Japan      France   Germany     Italy       Nether- 
lands
 Sweden    United
Kingdom  

1970

4.9 5.7 1.7 1.1 2.5 0.7 5.4 0.7 1.5 (na)

1971

5.9 6.2 1.9 1.2 2.7 0.8 5.4 0.9 2.5 4.0

1972

5.6 6.2 2.6 1.4 2.8 1.1 6.4 1.5 2.7 4.5

1973

4.9 5.6 2.3 1.3 2.7 1.2 6.4 1.6 2.5 3.8

1974

5.6 5.3 2.7 1.4 2.9 2.6 5.4 2.0 2.0 3.6

1975

8.5 6.9 4.9 1.9 (b) 3.5 4.7 5.9 2.8 1.6 4.2

1976

7.7 (b) 7.1 4.8 2.0 3.9 4.6 6.7 3.1 1.6 5.4

1977

7.1 8.0 5.6 2.0 4.3 4.5 7.2 3.1 1.8 5.5

1978

6.1 8.4 6.3 2.2 4.5 4.3 7.2 3.2 2.2 5.6

1979

5.8 7.5 6.3 2.1 5.1 3.8 7.7 3.3 2.1 5.3

1980

7.1 7.5 6.1 2.0 5.4 3.8 7.6 3.8 2.0 6.1

1981

7.6 7.6 5.8 2.2 6.4 5.5 8.4 6.0 2.5 9.4

1982

9.7 11.0 7.2 2.4 (b) 6.9 7.5 8.6 8.4 3.1 10.5

1983

9.6 12.0 10.0 2.6 7.2 9.1 9.4 10.2 3.5 11.3

1984

7.5 11.3 9.0 2.7 8.4 9.1 10.0 10.2 3.1 11.9

1985

7.2 10.6 8.3 2.6 8.9 9.3 10.3 9.1 2.8 11.4

1986

7.0 9.7 (b) 7.9 2.8 8.9 9.0 (b) 11.1 8.6 (b) 2.7 11.3

1987

6.2 8.8 7.9 2.8 9.1 8.9 12.0 8.5 (b) 2.1 10.9

1988

5.5 7.8 7.0 2.5 8.8 8.7 12.0 8.4 1.8 8.9

1989

5.3 7.5 6.0 2.3 8.2 7.9 12.0 7.6 1.5 7.3

1990

(b) 5.6 8.1 6.7 2.1 (b) 7.9 7.2 11.0 6.9 1.7 6.9

1991

6.8 10.3 9.3 2.1 8.1 (b) 6.4 (b) 10.9 6.5 3.0 8.5

1992

7.5 11.2 10.5 2.2 9.0 7.7 11.5 6.5 5.3 9.9

1993

6.9 11.4 10.6 2.5 10.1 8.9 (b) 9.7 7.5 8.2 10.4

1994

(b) 6.1 10.4 9.4 2.9 10.7 9.6 10.6 8.5 8.0 9.5

1995

5.6 9.5 8.2 3.2 10.1 9.4 11.2 8.1 7.7 8.6

1996

5.4 9.6 8.2 3.4 10.6 10.4 11.2 (b) 7.5 8.1 8.1

1997

4.9 9.1 8.3 3.4 10.8 11.4 11.3 6.6 8.0 6.9

1998

4.5 8.3 7.7 4.1 10.3 11.1 11.3 5.1 6.5 6.3

1999

4.2 7.6 6.9 4.7 10.0 10.5 10.9 4.3 5.6 6.0

2000

4.0 6.8 6.3 4.7 8.6 9.6 10.1 3.8 4.7 5.4

2001

4.7 7.2 (b) 6.8 5.0 7.8 9.4 9.1 3.5 4.0 5.1

2002

5.8 7.7 6.4 5.4 7.9 9.8 8.6 4.1 4.0 5.2

2003

6.0 7.6 5.9 5.3 (b) 8.5 10.5 8.4 5.4 4.9 5.1

2004

5.5 7.2 5.4 4.7 8.9 10.5 8.0 6.5 5.5 4.8

2005

5.1 6.8 5.0 4.4 8.9 (b) 11.7 7.7 6.5 (b) 7.8 4.9

2006

4.6 6.3 4.8 4.1 8.8 10.8 6.8 5.5 7.1 5.4

2007

4.6 6.0 4.4 3.9 8.0 9.0 6.1 4.5 6.1 5.3

2008

5.8 6.1 4.2 4.0 7.4 7.8 6.7 3.9 6.2 5.7

Footnotes:
(b) Break in series; see Country notes for more information.
(na) Not available.
 

NOTE: Unemployment as a percent of the civilian labor force for the United States, Canada, and Australia; unemployment as a percent of the civilian labor force plus career military personnel for Japan, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United Kingdom; registered unemployed as a percent of the civilian labor force for Germany prior to 1991 and as a percent of civilian employed wage and salary workers plus the unemployed for 1991 onward. Published unemployment rates cannot be derived by dividing published unemployment by published labor force for Germany. Unadjusted data (as published by the originating country) are identical to data adjusted to U.S. concepts shown in Table 1-2 for the United States, Canada prior to 1976, and Australia.


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Table A-3 Unadjusted employment (in thousands)
Year   United  
States
  Canada   Australia    Japan      France   Germany     Italy       Nether- 
lands
 Sweden    United
Kingdom  

1970

78678 7919 5388 50940 20949 26668 19325 4681 3854 (na)

1971

79367 8104 5517 51210 21008 26772 19295 4706 3860 24559

1972

(b) 82153 8344 5601 51260 21382 26875 18976 4736 3862 24539

1973

85064 8761 5765 52590 21532 27160 19145 4769 3879 24986

1974

86794 9125 5891 52370 21722 26829 19539 4771 3962 24985

1975

85846 9284 5866 52230 (b) 22077 26110 19635 4744 4062 24965

1976

88752 (b) 9748 5946 52710 22241 25974 19757 4762 4088 24788

1977

92017 9917 6000 53420 22406 26008 19938 4792 4099 24799

1978

(b) 96048 10220 6038 54080 22415 26219 20017 4790 4115 24886

1979

98824 10669 6111 54790 22663 26657 20212 4800 4180 25136

1980

99303 10984 6284 55360 22826 27059 20487 4881 4232 25215

1981

100397 11305 6416 55810 22693 27033 20544 4848 4225 24549

1982

99526 10944 6415 56380 (b) 22670 26725 20493 4752 4219 24067

1983

100834 11022 6300 57330 22639 26347 20557 4699 4224 23630

1984

105005 11302 6494 57660 22435 26393 20629 4720 4255 24208

1985

107150 11627 6697 58070 22464 26593 20735 4811 4299 24554

1986

(b) 109597 11987 (b) 6984 58530 22673 26960 (b) 20857 5040 (b) 4269 24683

1987

112440 12333 7142 59110 22675 27157 20837 5257 (b) 4281 25031

1988

114968 12710 7413 60110 22755 27364 21103 5378 4342 25913

1989

117342 12996 7734 61280 23076 27761 21004 5477 4408 26709

1990

(b) 118793 13086 7877 62490 (b) 23146 28486 21304 5644 4449 26922

1991

117718 12857 7698 63690 23037 (b) 38621 (b) 21592 5790 4373 26365

1992

118492 12731 7660 64360 22996 38059 21459 5885 4195 25540

1993

120259 12793 7699 64500 22852 37555 (b) 20765 5925 3964 25304

1994

(b) 123060 13059 7942 64530 22768 37516 20393 5920 3926 25505

1995

124900 13295 8256 64570 23038 37601 20240 6063 3988 25819

1996

126708 13421 8364 64860 23158 37498 20328 (b) 6185 3963 26060

1997

(b) 129558 13706 8444 65570 23067 37463 20384 6384 3922 26526

1998

(b) 131463 14046 8618 65140 23316 37911 20591 6587 3979 26795

1999

(b) 133488 14407 8762 64620 23569 38424 20847 6768 4068 27167

2000

(b) 136891 14764 8989 64460 24183 39144 21210 6917 4159 27483

2001

136933 14946 9088 64120 24571 39316 21604 7020 4239 27710

2002

136485 15310 9271 63300 24801 39096 21913 7035 4244 27921

2003

(b) 137736 15672 9485 63160 (b) 24738 38726 22241 7001 4234 28186

2004

(b) 139252 15947 9662 63290 24829 38880 22404 6919 4213 28485

2005

141730 16170 9998 63560 25014 38851 22563 6918 (b) 4348 28774

2006

144427 16484 10255 63820 25174 39097 22988 7074 4429 29030

2007

146047 16866 10539 64120 25580 39768 23222 7259 4541 29222

2008

145362 17126 10777 63850 25951 40330 23405 7410 4593 29443

Footnotes:
(b) Break in series; see Country notes for more information.
(na) Not available.
 

NOTE: Includes military personnel for all countries except the United States, Canada, and Australia. Unadjusted data (as published by the originating country) are identical to data adjusted to U.S. concepts shown in Table 2-1 for the United States, Canada prior to 1976, and Australia.


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Table A-4 Unadjusted labor force (in thousands)
Year   United  
States
  Canada   Australia    Japan      France   Germany     Italy       Nether- 
lands
 Sweden    United
Kingdom  

1970

82771 8395 5478 51530 21491 26817 20436 4711 3913 (na)

1971

84382 8639 5624 51860 21596 26957 20404 4749 3961 25582

1972

(b) 87034 8897 5752 51990 21992 27121 20272 4809 3969 25694

1973

89429 9276 5901 53260 22124 27433 20448 4846 3977 25963

1974

91949 9639 6053 53100 22371 27411 20650 4867 4042 25919

1975

93775 9974 6169 53230 (b) 22868 27184 20861 4883 4129 26054

1976

96158 (b) 10491 6244 53780 23132 27034 21177 4915 4154 26193

1977

99009 10785 6358 54520 23418 27038 21476 4944 4174 26240

1978

(b) 102251 11155 6443 55320 23475 27212 21577 4949 4209 26352

1979

104962 11537 6519 55960 23872 27528 21898 4967 4268 26541

1980

106940 11879 6693 56500 24129 27948 22171 5075 4318 26863

1981

108670 12236 6810 57070 24235 28305 22439 5154 4333 27093

1982

110204 12302 6910 57740 (b) 24357 28558 22416 5189 4356 26892

1983

111550 12528 6997 58890 24400 28605 22697 5232 4375 26653

1984

113544 12748 7135 59270 24503 28659 22933 5253 4391 27485

1985

115461 13012 7300 59630 24668 28897 23117 5293 4423 27710

1986

(b) 117834 13272 (b) 7585 60200 24900 29188 (b) 23467 5515 (b) 4386 27837

1987

119865 13526 7754 60840 24942 29386 23669 5743 (b) 4373 28092

1988

121669 13779 7970 61660 24945 29607 23988 5867 4420 28439

1989

123869 14057 8224 62700 25123 29799 23870 5929 4475 28815

1990

(b) 125840 14245 8440 63840 (b) 25137 30369 23925 6063 4524 28925

1991

126346 14336 8486 65050 25080 (b) 41223 (b) 24245 6189 4506 28807

1992

128105 14336 8557 65780 25274 41038 24257 6296 4428 28361

1993

129200 14435 8613 66150 25406 40974 (b) 22992 6406 4320 28232

1994

(b) 131056 14574 8770 66450 25488 41214 22814 6466 4266 28180

1995

132304 14689 8995 66660 25618 41213 22784 6596 4320 28254

1996

133943 14854 9115 67110 25895 41463 22883 (b) 6686 4310 28356

1997

(b) 136297 15079 9204 67870 25846 41847 22968 6832 4264 28513

1998

(b) 137673 15316 9339 67930 25996 42192 23225 6941 4255 28583

1999

(b) 139368 15588 9414 67790 26194 42524 23406 7069 4309 28895

2000

(b) 142583 15847 9590 67660 26445 43034 23598 7187 4362 29070

2001

143734 16110 9746 67520 26641 43169 23769 7272 4414 29200

2002

144863 16579 9901 66890 26933 43157 23975 7337 4420 29450

2003

(b) 146510 16959 10085 66660 (b) 27038 43103 24289 7401 4451 29675

2004

(b) 147401 17182 10213 66420 27241 43261 24365 7398 4459 29909

2005

149320 17343 10529 66500 27443 43712 24451 7401 (b) 4714 30239

2006

151428 17593 10771 66570 27607 43584 24662 7486 4766 30698

2007

153124 17946 11021 66690 27797 43544 24728 7603 4838 30875

2008

154287 18245 11254 66500 28018 43598 25097 7714 4898 31220

Footnotes:
(b) Break in series; see Country notes for more information.
(na) Not available.
 

NOTE: Includes military personnel for all countries except the United States, Canada, and Australia. Unadjusted data (as published by the originating country) are identical to data adjusted to U.S. concepts shown in Table 3-1 for the United States, Canada prior to 1976, and Australia.
 


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Last Modified Date: October 2, 2009