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Employment Cost Index News Release

NEWS RELEASE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED UNTIL                                      USDL-19-0728
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, April 30, 2019


Technical information:  (202) 691-6199  •  ncsinfo@bls.gov  • www.bls.gov/ect 
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  •  pressoffice@bls.gov


					  EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX – March 2019
					  
(NOTE: This news release was reissued on April 30, 2019. Tables A, 1, 2, and 3 were corrected to 
show revised seasonally adjusted data for previous quarters.)

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 0.7 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month 
period ending in March 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and 
salaries (which make up about 70 percent of compensation costs) increased 0.7 percent and benefit 
costs (which  make up the remaining 30 percent of compensation) also increased 0.7 percent from 
December 2018. (See tables A, 1, 2, and 3.)

Civilian Workers 

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 2.8 percent for the 12-month period ending in
March 2019 compared with a compensation costs increase of 2.7 percent in March 2018. Wages and
salaries increased 2.9 percent for the 12- month period ending in March 2019 and increased 2.7
percent for the 12-month period ending in March 2018. Benefit costs increased 2.6 percent for the
12-month period ending in March 2019. In March 2018, the increase was also 2.6 percent.
(See tables A, 4, 8, and 12.)

Private Industry Workers

Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 2.8 percent over the year, the same
increase as in March 2018. Wages and salaries increased 3.0 percent for the 12-month period ending
in March 2019 and increased 2.9 percent in March 2018. The cost of benefits rose 2.4 percent for the
12-month period ending in March 2019 and increased 2.5 percent in March 2018.
(See tables A, 5, 9, and 12.)

Employer costs for health benefits increased 1.9 percent for the 12-month period ending in March
2019. (For further information, see chart 3 and www.bls.gov/web/eci/echealth.pdf.)

Among occupational groups, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the 12-month
period ending in March 2019 ranged from 2.3 percent for management, professional, and related
occupations to 3.4 percent for service occupations. (See table 5.)

Among industry supersectors, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the 12-
month period ending in March 2019 ranged from 2.2 percent for manufacturing to 4.8 percent for
information. (See table 5.)

State and Local Government Workers

Compensation costs for state and local government workers increased 3.0 percent for the 12-month
period ending in March 2019. In March 2018, the increase was 2.2 percent. Wages and salaries
increased 2.5 percent for the 12-month period ending in March 2019, compared with 1.8 percent a year
ago. Benefit costs increased 3.6 percent for the 12-month period ending in March 2019. The prior
year increase was 3.0 percent. (See tables A, 7, 11, and 12.)


Table A. Major series of the Employment Cost Index [Percent change]
Category 3-month,
seasonally adjusted
12-month, not seasonally adjusted
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

Civilian workers(1)

Compensation(2)

0.7 0.7 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.8

Wages and salaries

0.7 0.7 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.9

Benefits

0.7 0.7 2.6 2.9 2.6 2.8 2.6

Private industry

Compensation(2)

0.7 0.7 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.8

Wages and salaries

0.7 0.7 2.9 2.9 3.1 3.1 3.0

Benefits

0.5 0.5 2.5 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.4

State and local government

Compensation(2)

0.7 0.7 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.6 3.0

Wages and salaries

0.6 0.6 1.8 1.9 2.3 2.4 2.5

Benefits

0.9 1.0 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes private industry and state and local government.
(2) Includes wages and salaries and benefits.

  
The Employment Cost Index for June 2019 is scheduled for release on July 31, 2019, at 8:30 a.m.
(EDT).

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request—
Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

BLS news releases, including the Employment Cost Index, are available through an email subscription
service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm.

Videos and information graphics explaining the Employment Cost Index and how it is used are
available at www.bls.gov/eci/videos.htm.

Highlights of recent National Compensation Survey data are available in The Economics Daily at
www.bls.gov/opub/ted/national-compensation-survey.htm.

An overview of available BLS compensation measures and an interactive guide on choosing among them,
are available at the BLS Commissioner’s Corner on “Making it Easier to Find Data on Pay and
Benefits” at blogs.bls.gov/blog/2018/10/24/making-it-easier-to-find-data-on-pay-and-benefits.

Detailed information on seasonal factors for the 2019 reference year and the revisions of historical
seasonally adjusted data for the most recent 5 years can be found at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/
ectsfact.htm.



						TECHNICAL NOTE

The Employment Cost Index (ECI) measures the change in the cost of labor, free from the influence of employment 
shifts among occupations and industries. For information on survey concepts, coverage, methods, nonresponse 
adjustment, and imputation see National Compensation Measures Handbook of Methods at 
www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm.

Sample size

Data for the March 2019 reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 26,500 
occupational observations selected from a sample of about 6,500 private industry establishments and 
approximately 7,900 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and local government 
establishments that provided data at the initial interview.

Standard errors

To assist users in ascertaining the reliability of Employment Cost Index (ECI) series, standard errors of all 
current quarter not seasonally adjusted 3- and 12-month percent change series are also available, see 
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ectvar.htm and the public data query tools at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm. Standard errors 
provide users a measure of the precision of an estimate to ensure that it is within an acceptable range for 
their intended purpose. 

Historical listings

Historical listings are available at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. The continuous occupational and industry series 
listing uses the Standard Industrial Classification Manual and Occupational Classification System series from 
1975 through 2005 and the North American Industry Classification System and Standard Occupational 
Classification from 2006 to the present. It provides the official series deemed continuous after the change 
in classification systems. For more information on the criteria used in defining continuous series, see the 
article published in the Monthly Labor Review at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2006/04/art2full.pdf.

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation data

The costs per hour worked of compensation components are published as part of the Employer Costs for Employee 
Compensation news release (ECEC). The ECEC release dates are available at 
www.bls.gov/schedule/2019/home.htm. Historical ECEC data are available in summary documents at 
www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. Since the ECEC is calculated with current employment weights rather than the fixed 
weights used in computing the ECI, year-to-year changes in the cost levels usually differ from those in the ECI.

Fixed Employment Weights

For additional information on the use of fixed employment weights in computing the ECI, see 
www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2016/article/introducing-2012-fixed-employment-weights-for-the-employment-cost-index.htm.

Table 1. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2017
Jun.
2017
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

Civilian workers

All workers(2)

135.2 136.2 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

132.0 133.1 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.8

Manufacturing

131.7 132.9 0.5 0.6 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.9

Service-providing industries(4)

136.0 136.9 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7

Education and health services

135.2 136.0 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6

Educational services

135.7 136.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

Elementary and secondary schools

135.8 136.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

135.6 136.4 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6

Health care and social assistance(5)

134.7 135.4 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.5

Hospitals

135.0 135.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

131.7 132.3 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.5

Public administration

139.4 140.5 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8

Private industry workers

All workers

134.6 135.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

134.0 134.7 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5

Management, business, and financial

135.4 136.1 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.4 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5

Professional and related

133.1 133.6 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4

Sales and office

135.5 136.3 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.5 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.6

Sales and related

131.3 132.0 0.8 0.3 1.1 0.5 1.3 0.6 1.2 1.0 0.5

Office and administrative support

138.4 139.3 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

134.6 135.5 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.4 0.7 0.7

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

134.5 135.6 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair

134.7 135.3 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.4 1.3 0.5 0.7 0.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

134.9 136.3 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 1.0

Production

132.3 133.5 0.6 0.6 1.1 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.9

Transportation and material moving

138.1 139.8 0.9 0.7 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.2

Service occupations

135.8 136.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

131.9 133.1 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.9

Construction

132.5 133.5 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.8

Manufacturing

131.7 132.9 0.5 0.6 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.9

Aircraft manufacturing

120.5 121.2 1.5 0.7 8.5 0.4 1.5 0.3 -6.7 0.3 0.6

Service-providing industries(5)

135.4 136.2 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

137.2 138.3 1.0 0.4 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.6 1.1 0.7 0.8

Wholesale trade

133.1 134.2 1.5 0.3 0.8 0.4 1.0 -0.1 1.8 0.7 0.8

Retail trade

137.8 138.7 0.9 0.4 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7

Transportation and warehousing

139.8 141.2 0.4 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.2 0.6 1.0

Utilities

145.7 148.3 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.8

Information

134.8 135.9 0.5 1.0 0.5 0.5 0.6 2.9 0.8 0.4 0.8

Financial activities

134.7 135.9 0.2 0.8 0.6 0.3 1.5 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.9

Finance and insurance

135.0 136.2 0.2 0.8 0.5 0.5 1.5 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.9

Credit intermediation and related activities

133.0 134.3 0.6 0.6 0.5 -0.1 1.2 0.7 0.4 0.6 1.0

Insurance carriers and related activities

136.4 138.0 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.4 1.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

133.1 134.4 0.2 0.9 0.8 0.1 1.2 0.3 0.6 0.8 1.0

Professional and business services

135.6 136.0 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.3

Professional, scientific, and technical services

138.0 138.1 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.4 0.7 0.1 1.2 0.5 0.1

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

132.1 133.1 0.6 0.6 1.3 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.8

Education and health services

134.1 134.7 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.4

Educational services

134.2 134.8 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.4

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

136.0 137.0 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7

Health care and social assistance

134.1 134.7 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.4

Hospitals

134.7 135.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.5

Nursing and residential care facilities

130.0 130.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

136.1 136.6 1.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 1.1 0.5 1.1 1.3 0.4

Accommodations and food services

136.7 137.6 1.6 0.8 0.5 0.7 1.2 0.6 0.9 1.2 0.7

Other services, except public administration

135.3 136.6 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.5 1.1 0.6 0.0 1.2 1.0

State and local government workers

All workers

137.8 138.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

Industry

Education and health services

136.5 137.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

Educational services

136.1 137.0 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

Schools

136.0 136.9 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7

Elementary and secondary schools

136.2 137.2 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7

Health care and social assistance

139.3 140.5 0.3 0.4 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.9

Hospitals

136.3 137.9 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.7 1.2

Public administration

139.4 140.5 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 2. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2017
Jun.
2017
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

133.9 134.8 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.7

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

133.1 134.1 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.8

Manufacturing

133.0 134.2 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.9

Service-providing industries(3)

134.1 135.0 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7

Education and health services

131.5 132.1 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.5

Educational services

128.8 129.4 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5

Elementary and secondary schools

127.5 128.2 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.5

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

130.9 131.7 0.9 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6

Health care and social assistance

134.4 135.0 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.4

Hospitals

134.2 134.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 1.1 0.5

Nursing and residential care facilities

131.5 132.3 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6

Public administration

130.7 131.6 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7

Private industry workers

All workers

134.9 135.9 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

134.7 135.4 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.5

Professional and related

133.9 134.4 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.4

Sales and office

135.4 136.4 0.8 0.4 1.0 0.6 1.2 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.7

Sales and related

131.9 132.8 0.9 0.3 1.3 0.5 1.4 0.5 1.4 1.0 0.7

Office and administrative support

137.9 139.1 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

133.4 134.3 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

133.7 134.8 0.9 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair

133.1 133.7 0.6 1.0 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.5

Production, transportation, and material moving

135.4 137.0 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.2

Production

133.2 134.3 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9

Transportation and material moving

137.9 140.0 0.9 0.8 1.1 0.8 1.1 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.6

Service occupations(4)

136.6 138.0 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

133.1 134.2 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8

Construction

132.5 133.5 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.5 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7

Manufacturing

133.0 134.2 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.9

Aircraft manufacturing

142.5 143.0 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.8 0.3

Service-providing industries(4)

135.4 136.4 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

136.1 137.5 1.3 0.4 0.8 0.7 1.1 0.5 1.3 0.7 1.0

Retail trade

137.9 139.3 1.2 0.5 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.5 1.0

Transportation and warehousing

139.0 140.7 0.7 0.5 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.7 1.4 0.7 1.3

Utilities

142.0 143.3 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.9

Information

131.6 132.9 0.2 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.5 1.0

Financial activities

135.4 136.8 -0.1 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.6 0.6 0.3 0.6 1.0

Finance and insurance

136.3 137.6 -0.2 0.9 0.6 0.8 1.7 0.7 0.3 0.6 1.0

Credit intermediation and related activities

132.0 133.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.4 1.2 0.7 0.4 0.5 1.2

Insurance carriers and related activities

135.4 137.2 0.5 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.1 0.4 1.3

Professional and business services

136.1 136.6 0.6 0.7 1.1 0.5 0.7 0.5 1.0 0.7 0.4

Professional, scientific, and technical services

138.6 138.6 0.6 0.7 1.1 0.4 0.7 0.2 1.5 0.5 0.0

Education and health services

134.2 134.8 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.4

Educational services

132.7 133.3 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.5

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

133.7 134.5 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6

Health care and social assistance

134.5 135.1 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.4

Nursing and residential care facilities

131.5 132.3 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

138.7 139.5 1.6 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.2 0.7 1.1 1.5 0.6

Accommodations and food service

139.1 140.2 1.6 0.8 0.5 0.8 1.3 0.7 1.0 1.3 0.8

Other services, except public administration

135.7 137.0 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 -0.1 1.3 1.0

State and local government workers

All workers

129.5 130.3 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6

Industry

Education and health services

128.6 129.3 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5

Educational services

128.1 128.7 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.5

Schools

128.0 128.7 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5

Elementary and secondary schools

127.4 128.1 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.5

Health care and social assistance

133.3 134.1 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6

Hospitals

131.9 133.0 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.8

Public administration

130.7 131.6 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 3. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2017
Jun.
2017
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

138.4 139.3 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.7 0.7

Private industry workers

All workers

133.9 134.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

132.6 133.0 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.3

Sales and office

135.8 136.2 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

137.1 138.0 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.4 1.8 0.3 0.5 0.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

134.0 134.9 0.5 0.6 1.2 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.7

Service occupations

133.0 133.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.2

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

129.6 130.8 0.4 0.5 1.2 0.4 0.8 0.5 -0.4 0.3 0.9

Manufacturing

129.2 130.4 0.5 0.5 1.6 0.4 0.8 0.5 -0.7 0.3 0.9

Service-providing industries(3)

135.5 136.0 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.6 0.4

State and local government workers

All workers(1)

154.2 155.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.9 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 4. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

All workers(2)

132.5 135.0 136.2 1.0 0.4 0.9 2.7 2.9 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(3)

132.7 135.2 136.3 0.9 0.5 0.8 2.6 2.8 2.7

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

132.2 134.5 135.4 0.8 0.4 0.7 2.4 2.5 2.4

Management, business, and financial

133.4 135.5 136.5 1.1 0.4 0.7 2.9 2.7 2.3

Professional and related

131.6 134.0 134.8 0.6 0.4 0.6 2.3 2.4 2.4

Sales and office

132.4 135.5 136.8 1.4 0.4 1.0 3.0 3.8 3.3

Sales and related

127.8 131.0 132.2 1.7 0.4 0.9 3.3 4.2 3.4

Office and administrative support

135.2 138.3 139.7 1.1 0.5 1.0 2.7 3.4 3.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

132.2 135.0 135.8 0.5 0.5 0.6 2.6 2.6 2.7

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

132.4 134.8 135.8 0.5 0.4 0.7 2.3 2.3 2.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair

132.0 135.1 135.7 0.5 0.4 0.4 2.9 2.8 2.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

132.9 135.1 136.8 1.1 0.4 1.3 3.3 2.8 2.9

Production

130.5 132.5 133.7 0.9 0.5 0.9 3.0 2.4 2.5

Transportation and material moving

135.8 138.3 140.4 1.4 0.4 1.5 3.6 3.3 3.4

Service occupations

134.2 137.2 138.7 1.1 0.7 1.1 3.0 3.4 3.4

Industry

Goods-producing industries(4)

129.9 131.9 133.1 0.8 0.5 0.9 2.7 2.3 2.5

Manufacturing

130.0 131.6 132.9 0.9 0.5 1.0 2.8 2.1 2.2

Service-providing industries(5)

132.9 135.6 136.7 1.0 0.4 0.8 2.7 3.0 2.9

Education and health services

132.3 135.2 135.8 0.6 0.7 0.4 2.2 2.8 2.6

Educational services

132.6 135.7 136.2 0.3 0.6 0.4 2.2 2.6 2.7

Elementary and secondary schools

132.5 135.8 136.3 0.3 0.7 0.4 2.3 2.8 2.9

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

132.8 135.7 136.3 0.3 0.7 0.4 1.8 2.5 2.6

Health care and social assistance

132.1 134.7 135.5 0.9 0.7 0.6 2.3 2.9 2.6

Hospitals

132.4 135.0 135.9 0.5 0.9 0.7 2.0 2.5 2.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

129.1 131.6 132.3 0.9 0.7 0.5 2.7 2.9 2.5

Public administration

136.2 139.2 140.4 0.4 0.7 0.9 2.3 2.6 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(4) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 5. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

All workers

131.9 134.4 135.6 1.1 0.4 0.9 2.8 3.0 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

132.2 134.5 135.7 1.1 0.4 0.9 2.7 2.8 2.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

131.8 133.8 134.8 1.0 0.4 0.7 2.6 2.5 2.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

131.2 133.1 134.1 1.0 0.4 0.8 2.5 2.5 2.2

Management, business, and financial

133.2 135.2 136.2 1.1 0.4 0.7 2.9 2.7 2.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

132.5 134.2 135.3 1.2 0.4 0.8 2.7 2.5 2.1

Professional and related

130.8 132.8 133.7 0.9 0.4 0.7 2.3 2.5 2.2

Sales and office

132.0 135.0 136.4 1.5 0.4 1.0 3.0 3.8 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

134.1 137.1 138.5 1.3 0.4 1.0 2.8 3.5 3.3

Sales and related

127.7 130.8 132.0 1.8 0.3 0.9 3.3 4.2 3.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

132.3 135.2 136.7 1.4 0.4 1.1 3.0 3.6 3.3

Office and administrative support

135.0 138.0 139.5 1.3 0.5 1.1 2.7 3.5 3.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

131.8 134.5 135.3 0.5 0.4 0.6 2.6 2.5 2.7

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

132.2 134.4 135.5 0.5 0.4 0.8 2.3 2.1 2.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair

131.3 134.6 135.1 0.3 0.5 0.4 2.8 2.8 2.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

132.5 134.7 136.4 1.1 0.4 1.3 3.3 2.8 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

132.6 134.7 136.1 1.2 0.6 1.0 3.2 2.8 2.6

Production

130.2 132.3 133.5 0.8 0.6 0.9 2.9 2.4 2.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

130.5 132.6 133.9 0.8 0.6 1.0 3.0 2.4 2.6

Transportation and material moving

135.4 137.8 140.1 1.5 0.3 1.7 3.7 3.3 3.5

Service occupations

132.7 135.6 137.2 1.4 0.8 1.2 3.2 3.6 3.4

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(3)

129.9 131.9 133.1 0.8 0.5 0.9 2.7 2.3 2.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

130.3 132.2 133.4 0.8 0.5 0.9 2.7 2.2 2.4

Management, professional, and related

128.7 130.0 131.4 1.3 0.5 1.1 2.9 2.3 2.1

Sales and office

130.4 134.2 135.2 0.8 0.5 0.7 2.5 3.7 3.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

131.6 133.8 134.7 0.4 0.4 0.7 2.3 2.1 2.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

129.5 131.2 132.5 0.6 0.5 1.0 2.8 1.9 2.3

Construction

129.7 132.4 133.4 0.7 0.5 0.8 2.4 2.8 2.9

Manufacturing

130.0 131.6 132.9 0.9 0.5 1.0 2.8 2.1 2.2

Management, professional, and related

130.0 131.1 132.6 1.2 0.5 1.1 2.8 2.0 2.0

Sales and office occupations

132.4 135.4 136.8 0.8 0.5 1.0 2.6 3.1 3.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

130.8 132.1 132.8 0.1 0.3 0.5 2.7 1.1 1.5

Production, transportation, and material moving

129.2 130.8 132.2 0.7 0.5 1.1 2.9 1.9 2.3

Aircraft manufacturing

132.1 120.3 122.1 2.5 -0.2 1.5 14.0 -6.7 -7.6

Service-providing industries(4)

132.6 135.2 136.3 1.2 0.4 0.8 2.9 3.2 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

132.9 135.3 136.5 1.2 0.4 0.9 2.8 3.0 2.7

Management, professional, and related

132.4 134.6 135.4 1.0 0.4 0.6 2.6 2.7 2.3

Sales and office

132.1 135.1 136.5 1.5 0.4 1.0 3.0 3.8 3.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

132.0 135.5 136.2 0.5 0.5 0.5 2.9 3.1 3.2

Production, transportation, and material moving

135.9 138.7 140.9 1.6 0.4 1.6 3.7 3.7 3.7

Service occupations

132.6 135.6 137.2 1.3 0.8 1.2 3.1 3.6 3.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

134.0 136.8 138.4 1.3 0.2 1.2 3.0 3.4 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

134.5 137.3 138.7 1.2 0.4 1.0 2.8 3.3 3.1

Wholesale trade

130.0 133.0 134.2 1.1 0.6 0.9 2.5 3.4 3.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

133.0 135.4 136.6 1.1 0.2 0.9 2.9 2.9 2.7

Retail trade

134.3 137.3 138.6 1.1 0.1 0.9 3.0 3.4 3.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

132.9 136.2 137.7 1.1 0.4 1.1 2.5 3.6 3.6

Transportation and warehousing

136.8 139.3 141.5 1.6 0.0 1.6 3.6 3.5 3.4

Utilities

143.5 145.0 148.5 1.6 0.1 2.4 3.0 2.7 3.5

Information

129.4 134.3 135.6 0.8 -0.1 1.0 2.6 4.6 4.8

Financial activities

132.0 134.2 135.6 1.6 0.2 1.0 3.3 3.3 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

132.5 134.8 136.4 1.5 0.4 1.2 2.7 3.3 2.9

Finance and insurance

132.2 134.5 135.9 1.6 0.1 1.0 3.3 3.4 2.8

Credit intermediation and related activities

130.6 132.5 134.2 1.4 0.2 1.3 2.2 2.9 2.8

Excluding incentive paid

134.8 136.9 138.8 1.5 0.1 1.4 2.1 3.1 3.0

Insurance carriers and related activities

134.1 135.7 137.8 1.1 -0.1 1.5 2.5 2.3 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

133.0 135.2 136.9 1.1 0.1 1.3 2.5 2.8 2.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

130.9 133.1 134.5 1.2 0.8 1.1 3.0 2.9 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

134.0 136.7 138.1 1.3 0.9 1.0 2.9 3.3 3.1

Professional and business services

133.3 135.2 136.3 1.1 0.3 0.8 3.0 2.5 2.3

Professional, scientific, and technical services

135.9 137.5 138.6 1.3 0.1 0.8 3.0 2.5 2.0

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

129.3 132.0 133.1 0.6 0.6 0.8 3.2 2.7 2.9

Education and health services

131.4 134.1 134.7 0.8 0.6 0.4 2.3 2.8 2.5

Educational services

131.5 134.4 134.6 0.3 0.4 0.1 1.9 2.5 2.4

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

133.0 136.2 136.8 0.4 0.5 0.4 2.3 2.8 2.9

Health care and social assistance

131.4 134.1 134.8 0.9 0.7 0.5 2.3 3.0 2.6

Hospitals

132.1 134.7 135.5 0.6 1.0 0.6 1.9 2.6 2.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

127.6 129.9 130.7 0.9 0.7 0.6 2.7 2.7 2.4

Nursing care facilities(2)

127.1 129.7 130.2 0.6 0.9 0.4 2.5 2.7 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

132.6 135.7 137.0 1.8 1.3 1.0 3.2 4.1 3.3

Accommodations and food service

133.5 136.3 138.0 1.8 1.1 1.2 3.2 3.9 3.4

Other services, except public administration

132.9 135.0 136.6 1.2 0.7 1.2 2.9 2.8 2.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 6. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

Bargaining status

Union

135.4 138.8 140.0 0.7 0.7 0.9 2.7 3.2 3.4

Goods-producing industries(2)

132.3 133.2 134.1 0.4 0.4 0.7 3.0 1.1 1.4

Manufacturing

127.8 126.9 127.7 0.5 0.3 0.6 4.0 -0.2 -0.1

Service-providing industries(3)

138.2 142.8 144.1 0.8 0.8 0.9 2.5 4.2 4.3

Nonunion

131.4 133.7 134.9 1.2 0.4 0.9 2.8 2.9 2.7

Goods-producing industries(2)

129.2 131.4 132.6 0.9 0.5 0.9 2.6 2.6 2.6

Manufacturing

130.7 132.7 134.2 0.9 0.5 1.1 2.7 2.5 2.7

Service-providing industries(3)

132.0 134.4 135.5 1.2 0.4 0.8 3.0 3.1 2.7

Census region and division(4)

Northeast

133.7 136.5 138.1 1.3 0.4 1.2 2.7 3.4 3.3

New England

136.5 139.9 141.1 0.9 0.1 0.9 2.9 3.4 3.4

Middle Atlantic

132.7 135.4 137.1 1.4 0.7 1.3 2.6 3.4 3.3

South

130.4 132.5 133.3 0.9 0.4 0.6 2.6 2.6 2.2

South Atlantic

132.3 134.8 135.6 0.9 0.6 0.6 2.8 2.8 2.5

East South Central

130.0 131.3 132.1 1.2 0.2 0.6 2.8 2.3 1.6

West South Central

127.4 129.2 130.0 0.8 0.2 0.6 2.4 2.2 2.0

Midwest

129.8 132.3 133.5 1.0 0.5 0.9 2.4 3.0 2.9

East North Central

128.4 130.9 132.3 1.1 0.5 1.1 2.6 3.1 3.0

West North Central

133.3 135.8 136.6 0.9 0.4 0.6 1.9 2.8 2.5

West

134.6 137.2 138.5 1.3 0.4 0.9 3.6 3.2 2.9

Mountain

131.7 134.1 135.3 1.3 0.7 0.9 3.3 3.2 2.7

Pacific

135.9 138.5 139.9 1.3 0.4 1.0 3.8 3.2 2.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 7. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

All workers

134.6 137.7 138.6 0.3 0.7 0.7 2.2 2.6 3.0

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

133.4 136.4 137.1 0.3 0.7 0.5 2.1 2.6 2.8

Professional and related

133.2 136.1 136.8 0.3 0.7 0.5 2.1 2.5 2.7

Sales and office

136.3 140.0 140.9 0.4 0.6 0.6 2.3 3.2 3.4

Office and administrative support

136.3 140.1 141.0 0.4 0.6 0.6 2.3 3.2 3.4

Service occupations

137.6 140.8 142.1 0.4 0.6 0.9 2.4 2.8 3.3

Industry

Education and health services

133.3 136.5 137.1 0.3 0.7 0.4 2.2 2.7 2.9

Educational services

132.9 136.1 136.7 0.3 0.7 0.4 2.2 2.7 2.9

Schools

132.9 136.0 136.6 0.4 0.7 0.4 2.2 2.7 2.8

Elementary and secondary schools

132.9 136.2 136.7 0.3 0.7 0.4 2.4 2.8 2.9

Health care and social assistance

136.6 139.3 140.5 0.6 0.8 0.9 2.5 2.6 2.9

Hospitals

133.9 136.5 137.9 0.4 1.0 1.0 2.3 2.3 3.0

Public administration

136.2 139.2 140.4 0.4 0.7 0.9 2.3 2.6 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 8. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

All workers(1)

131.1 133.8 134.9 1.0 0.5 0.8 2.7 3.1 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

131.1 133.6 134.7 0.9 0.5 0.8 2.7 2.8 2.7

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

130.6 133.0 133.7 0.8 0.5 0.5 2.4 2.6 2.4

Management, business, and financial

133.0 135.2 136.1 1.0 0.4 0.7 2.9 2.7 2.3

Professional and related

129.3 131.7 132.4 0.6 0.4 0.5 2.1 2.5 2.4

Sales and office

131.4 134.5 136.0 1.5 0.4 1.1 3.1 3.9 3.5

Sales and related

128.2 131.4 132.8 1.9 0.4 1.1 3.6 4.5 3.6

Office and administrative support

133.5 136.6 138.0 1.1 0.6 1.0 2.7 3.5 3.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

130.8 133.2 133.9 0.4 0.5 0.5 2.7 2.2 2.4

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

130.8 133.4 134.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 2.4 2.5 2.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair

130.8 133.2 133.5 0.2 0.6 0.2 2.7 2.1 2.1

Production, transportation, and material moving

132.3 135.1 137.0 1.1 0.5 1.4 3.4 3.3 3.6

Production

130.6 133.3 134.6 0.8 0.7 1.0 3.0 2.9 3.1

Transportation and material moving

134.3 137.1 139.7 1.5 0.4 1.9 3.7 3.6 4.0

Service occupations

132.4 135.6 137.2 1.2 0.9 1.2 3.2 3.7 3.6

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

130.4 132.9 134.1 0.9 0.5 0.9 2.7 2.8 2.8

Manufacturing

130.4 132.9 134.2 0.9 0.7 1.0 2.6 2.8 2.9

Service-providing industries(4)

131.2 133.9 135.0 1.0 0.5 0.8 2.7 3.1 2.9

Education and health services

128.7 131.6 132.1 0.5 0.6 0.4 2.1 2.8 2.6

Educational services

126.3 129.0 129.3 0.2 0.5 0.2 1.8 2.4 2.4

Elementary and secondary schools

124.9 127.7 128.0 0.2 0.4 0.2 1.8 2.5 2.5

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

128.4 131.1 131.6 0.2 0.7 0.4 1.7 2.3 2.5

Health care and social assistance

131.5 134.4 135.1 1.0 0.7 0.5 2.6 3.2 2.7

Hospitals

131.5 134.2 134.9 0.5 1.1 0.5 2.1 2.5 2.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

128.5 131.4 132.4 0.9 0.8 0.8 3.0 3.2 3.0

Public administration

128.3 130.8 131.7 0.5 0.7 0.7 1.9 2.4 2.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 9. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Index value (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

All workers

132.0 134.7 135.9 1.1 0.5 0.9 2.9 3.1 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

132.1 134.6 135.8 1.1 0.5 0.9 2.8 3.0 2.8

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

132.3 134.6 135.4 0.9 0.4 0.6 2.6 2.7 2.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

131.3 133.4 134.3 0.9 0.5 0.7 2.4 2.5 2.3

Management, business, and financial

133.7 135.8 136.8 1.1 0.4 0.7 2.9 2.6 2.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

132.3 134.0 135.1 1.1 0.4 0.8 2.6 2.4 2.1

Professional and related

131.3 133.7 134.4 0.8 0.4 0.5 2.4 2.7 2.4

Sales and office

131.8 135.0 136.4 1.5 0.5 1.0 3.2 4.0 3.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

133.9 136.9 138.5 1.3 0.4 1.2 3.1 3.6 3.4

Sales and related

128.2 131.5 132.9 1.8 0.4 1.1 3.6 4.4 3.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

132.9 135.8 137.5 1.5 0.4 1.3 3.4 3.7 3.5

Office and administrative support

134.5 137.6 139.2 1.2 0.6 1.2 2.9 3.5 3.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

130.9 133.4 134.1 0.4 0.6 0.5 2.7 2.3 2.4

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

131.1 133.6 134.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 2.5 2.5 2.7

Installation, maintenance, and repair

130.8 133.1 133.5 0.2 0.5 0.3 2.8 2.0 2.1

Production, transportation, and material moving

132.3 135.1 137.1 1.2 0.5 1.5 3.4 3.4 3.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

132.5 135.2 136.7 1.3 0.7 1.1 3.3 3.4 3.2

Production

130.4 133.1 134.4 0.9 0.7 1.0 3.1 2.9 3.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

130.7 133.4 134.8 0.9 0.7 1.0 3.1 3.0 3.1

Transportation and material moving

134.7 137.5 140.3 1.6 0.4 2.0 3.9 3.7 4.2

Service occupations

133.0 136.4 138.3 1.3 0.9 1.4 3.4 3.9 4.0

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(2)

130.4 133.0 134.2 0.9 0.6 0.9 2.6 2.9 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

130.9 133.3 134.6 0.8 0.5 1.0 2.6 2.7 2.8

Management, professional, and related

130.7 132.7 134.1 1.3 0.5 1.1 2.3 2.9 2.6

Sales and office

130.8 135.3 136.4 0.7 0.7 0.8 2.7 4.2 4.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

131.0 133.6 134.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 2.5 2.5 2.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

129.8 132.2 133.5 0.8 0.7 1.0 2.9 2.6 2.9

Construction

129.5 132.4 133.3 0.9 0.5 0.7 2.7 3.1 2.9

Manufacturing

130.4 132.9 134.2 0.9 0.7 1.0 2.6 2.8 2.9

Management, professional, and related

130.9 133.1 134.6 1.0 0.5 1.1 2.0 2.7 2.8

Sales and office

132.6 136.0 137.5 0.8 0.7 1.1 3.0 3.3 3.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

131.3 133.6 134.4 0.2 0.5 0.6 2.6 2.0 2.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

129.5 131.9 133.2 0.8 0.8 1.0 2.9 2.6 2.9

Aircraft manufacturing

141.1 141.5 143.8 2.0 0.2 1.6 2.7 2.2 1.9

Service-providing industries(3)

132.5 135.2 136.4 1.1 0.5 0.9 3.0 3.2 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

132.5 135.0 136.2 1.1 0.5 0.9 2.9 3.1 2.8

Management, professional, and related

132.6 134.9 135.6 0.9 0.4 0.5 2.6 2.7 2.3

Sales and office

131.9 134.9 136.5 1.6 0.4 1.2 3.3 3.9 3.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

130.9 133.1 133.6 0.3 0.6 0.4 2.9 2.0 2.1

Production, transportation, and material moving

135.0 138.1 140.8 1.6 0.4 2.0 3.8 3.9 4.3

Service occupations

133.0 136.4 138.2 1.4 1.0 1.3 3.4 4.0 3.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

132.9 135.7 137.4 1.3 0.2 1.3 3.1 3.4 3.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

133.0 135.7 137.2 1.2 0.3 1.1 2.9 3.3 3.2

Wholesale trade

127.3 130.4 131.7 1.0 0.7 1.0 2.4 3.5 3.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

129.5 131.8 133.2 1.0 0.2 1.1 2.9 2.8 2.9

Retail trade

134.7 137.5 139.1 1.1 0.1 1.2 3.2 3.2 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

132.8 135.9 137.7 1.1 0.4 1.3 2.7 3.4 3.7

Transportation and warehousing

135.4 138.4 140.9 1.7 -0.1 1.8 3.7 4.0 4.1

Utilities

140.2 141.4 143.6 1.4 0.1 1.6 2.6 2.3 2.4

Information

128.4 131.3 132.6 0.7 0.0 1.0 2.7 3.0 3.3

Financial activities

133.0 135.0 136.4 1.6 0.2 1.0 3.7 3.1 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

133.0 135.0 136.7 1.6 0.4 1.3 3.0 3.1 2.8

Finance and insurance

133.8 135.8 137.2 1.7 0.1 1.0 3.9 3.2 2.5

Credit intermediation and related activities

129.9 131.6 133.5 1.5 0.2 1.4 3.0 2.8 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

134.1 135.9 138.2 1.6 0.1 1.7 2.8 3.0 3.1

Insurance carriers and related activities

133.5 134.7 136.9 1.1 -0.1 1.6 2.5 2.0 2.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

131.3 133.2 134.9 1.2 0.2 1.3 2.3 2.6 2.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

129.8 131.9 133.4 1.2 0.7 1.1 3.3 2.9 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

133.0 135.7 137.3 1.3 0.8 1.2 3.2 3.4 3.2

Professional and business services

133.5 135.8 136.9 1.1 0.4 0.8 3.1 2.9 2.5

Professional, scientific, and technical services

136.1 138.1 139.1 1.4 0.1 0.7 3.0 2.9 2.2

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

130.3 133.4 134.8 0.5 0.8 1.0 3.4 2.9 3.5

Education and health services

131.2 134.2 134.8 0.8 0.7 0.4 2.4 3.2 2.7

Educational services

130.1 133.0 133.0 0.1 0.3 0.0 1.9 2.3 2.2

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

130.9 134.0 134.3 0.2 0.5 0.2 2.3 2.5 2.6

Health care and social assistance

131.5 134.5 135.2 1.0 0.7 0.5 2.7 3.3 2.8

Hospitals

131.8 134.7 135.3 0.5 1.1 0.4 2.1 2.7 2.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

128.5 131.4 132.4 0.9 0.8 0.8 3.0 3.2 3.0

Nursing care facilities(1)

127.9 131.0 131.6 0.7 1.1 0.5 2.7 3.1 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

134.7 138.4 140.0 1.8 1.5 1.2 3.5 4.6 3.9

Accommodation and food service

135.4 138.8 140.7 1.8 1.2 1.4 3.4 4.4 3.9

Other services, except public administration

133.2 135.4 137.0 1.1 0.8 1.2 2.9 2.7 2.9

Footnotes
(1) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 10. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for-
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

Bargaining status

Union

131.6 134.6 135.7 0.5 0.8 0.8 2.3 2.8 3.1

Goods-producing industries(1)

127.9 130.2 130.9 0.2 0.5 0.5 2.2 2.0 2.3

Manufacturing

125.7 127.5 128.0 0.4 0.5 0.4 2.4 1.8 1.8

Service-providing industries(2)

134.2 137.5 138.9 0.7 1.0 1.0 2.4 3.2 3.5

Nonunion

132.1 134.7 136.0 1.1 0.4 1.0 3.0 3.1 3.0

Goods-producing industries(1)

131.0 133.6 134.9 0.9 0.6 1.0 2.7 2.9 3.0

Manufacturing

131.4 134.0 135.5 0.8 0.7 1.1 2.6 2.8 3.1

Service-providing industries(2)

132.4 135.0 136.2 1.2 0.4 0.9 3.1 3.2 2.9

Census region and division(3)

Northeast

133.4 136.0 137.6 1.3 0.5 1.2 2.9 3.3 3.1

New England

138.0 141.5 142.8 0.9 0.1 0.9 2.9 3.4 3.5

Middle Atlantic

131.7 134.0 135.7 1.5 0.7 1.3 2.9 3.2 3.0

South

131.3 133.6 134.4 0.9 0.5 0.6 2.8 2.7 2.4

South Atlantic

133.3 135.9 136.7 1.0 0.6 0.6 3.2 3.0 2.6

East South Central

130.3 131.7 132.4 1.3 0.2 0.5 2.8 2.4 1.6

West South Central

128.5 130.4 131.3 0.8 0.2 0.7 2.5 2.3 2.2

Midwest

129.4 132.3 133.5 1.0 0.7 0.9 2.4 3.3 3.2

East North Central

127.9 130.7 132.1 1.1 0.8 1.1 2.7 3.3 3.3

West North Central

133.2 136.1 136.9 0.8 0.5 0.6 1.7 3.0 2.8

West

134.6 137.8 139.3 1.3 0.5 1.1 3.7 3.7 3.5

Mountain

132.5 135.2 136.3 1.3 0.7 0.8 3.5 3.4 2.9

Pacific

135.5 138.9 140.7 1.3 0.4 1.3 3.7 3.8 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(2) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(3) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 11. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

All workers

127.0 129.7 130.2 0.2 0.5 0.4 1.8 2.4 2.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

126.2 128.7 129.2 0.2 0.5 0.4 1.8 2.2 2.4

Professional and related

126.0 128.5 129.0 0.2 0.5 0.4 1.8 2.2 2.4

Sales and office

126.6 129.7 130.2 0.3 0.6 0.4 1.6 2.8 2.8

Office and administrative support

127.0 130.1 130.6 0.3 0.6 0.4 1.6 2.8 2.8

Service occupations

130.0 132.6 133.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 2.2 2.6 2.7

Industry

Education and health services

126.1 128.8 129.2 0.2 0.5 0.3 1.8 2.4 2.5

Educational services

125.5 128.2 128.6 0.2 0.5 0.3 1.7 2.4 2.5

Schools

125.5 128.2 128.6 0.2 0.5 0.3 1.7 2.4 2.5

Elementary and secondary schools

124.9 127.6 127.9 0.2 0.3 0.2 1.9 2.4 2.4

Health care and social assistance

131.3 133.4 134.3 0.5 0.7 0.7 2.5 2.1 2.3

Hospitals

130.2 132.1 133.1 0.4 0.8 0.8 2.4 1.9 2.2

Public administration

128.3 130.8 131.7 0.5 0.7 0.7 1.9 2.4 2.7

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 12. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group, industry, and bargaining status [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group, industry, and bargaining status Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

135.7 138.1 139.2 1.0 0.4 0.8 2.6 2.8 2.6

Private industry workers

All workers

131.6 133.6 134.7 1.1 0.3 0.8 2.5 2.6 2.4

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

130.6 132.1 133.3 1.2 0.3 0.9 2.5 2.3 2.1

Sales and office

132.4 135.3 136.2 1.2 0.4 0.7 2.4 3.4 2.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

133.5 136.9 137.9 0.5 0.3 0.7 2.3 3.0 3.3

Production, transportation, and material moving

132.6 133.8 135.0 0.9 0.2 0.9 3.0 1.8 1.8

Service occupations

131.3 132.8 133.6 1.2 0.4 0.6 2.3 2.4 1.8

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

129.0 129.6 130.8 0.8 0.2 0.9 2.9 1.3 1.4

Manufacturing

129.1 129.1 130.5 0.9 0.2 1.1 3.3 0.9 1.1

Aircraft manufacturing

122.2 97.7 99.0 3.3 -0.8 1.3 31.5 -17.4 -19.0

Service-providing industries(3)

132.7 135.1 136.1 1.1 0.4 0.7 2.4 3.0 2.6

Bargaining status

Union

141.7 145.7 146.9 0.8 0.6 0.8 3.1 3.6 3.7

Nonunion

129.6 131.2 132.3 1.1 0.2 0.8 2.4 2.3 2.1

State and local government workers

All workers

150.4 154.4 155.8 0.5 0.8 0.9 3.0 3.1 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 13. Employment Cost Index for total compensation and wages and salaries, for private industry workers by area [Not seasonally adjusted]
Census region and metropolitan area(1) 12-month percent changes -
Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Mar.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019

Northeast

Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA

2.0 2.3 2.5 1.7 2.0 2.4

New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA

2.8 3.7 3.9 3.1 3.6 3.5

Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA

2.7 1.9 1.9 2.7 2.0 1.9

South

Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA CSA

1.1 2.0 2.3 1.7 2.2 2.5

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK CSA

2.2 2.3 2.8 2.2 2.0 2.9

Houston-The Woodlands, TX CSA

2.1 1.8 1.4 2.3 1.9 1.4

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL CSA

2.4 2.9 2.5 2.7 3.1 2.9

Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA

2.5 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.4

Midwest

Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA

2.9 3.2 2.6 2.9 3.0 2.7

Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA

2.6 2.6 1.9 2.8 2.7 1.8

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI CSA

3.5 5.0 2.7 3.9 5.2 2.2

West

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA

3.2 3.0 3.5 3.1 3.7 4.5

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

3.6 3.8 3.1 4.0 4.1 3.1

San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA

4.4 3.6 3.0 4.9 3.8 3.3

Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA

7.2 0.6 -0.2 3.6 3.7 2.9

Footnotes
(1) These areas include Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). Beginning with the December 2018 release, area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013. Previous area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 04-03, dated February 18, 2004. For more information on metropolitan area definitions, see www.census.gov/programs-surveys/metro-micro.html.
(2) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Last Modified Date: April 30, 2019