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Economic News Release
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Employment Cost Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                 USDL-21-1907
8:30 a.m. (ET) Friday, October 29, 2021

Technical information: (202) 691-6199  *  ncsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  pressoffice@bls.gov

				EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX  September 2021
				
Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 1.3 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month
period ending in September 2021, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries
increased 1.5 percent and benefit costs increased 0.9 percent from June 2021. (See tables A, 1, 2,
and 3.)

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 3.7 percent for the 12-month period ending in
September 2021 and increased 2.4 percent in September 2020. Wages and salaries increased 4.2 percent for 
the 12-month period ending in September 2021 and increased 2.5 percent for the 12-month period ending in 
September 2020. Benefit costs increased 2.5 percent over the year and increased 2.3 percent for the 
12-month period ending in September 2020. (See tables A, 4, 8, and 12.)

Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 4.1 percent over the year. In September 2020,
the increase was 2.4 percent. Wages and salaries increased 4.6 percent for the 12-month period 
ending in September 2021 and increased 2.7 percent in September 2020. The cost of benefits increased 2.6 
percent for the 12-month period ending in September 2021 and increased 2.0 percent in September 2020. 
(See tables A, 5, 9, and 12.) 

Employer costs for health benefits of private industry workers increased 0.4 percent for the 12-month 
period ending in September 2021.(See www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.)

Among private industry occupational groups, compensation cost increases for the 12-month period 
ending in September 2021 ranged from 3.2 percent for management, professional, and related occupations
to 6.1 percent for service occupations. Within industry supersectors, compensation cost increases 
ranged from 3.0 percent for construction to 6.9 percent for leisure and hospitality. (See table 5.)

Compensation costs for state and local government workers increased 2.3 percent for the 12-month 
period ending in September 2021, compared with an increase of 2.3 percent in September 2020. Wages and 
salaries increased 2.4 percent for the 12-month period ending in September 2021 and 1.8 percent a year
ago. Benefit costs increased 2.1 percent for the 12-month period ending in September 2021. The prior 
year increase was 3.2 percent. (See tables A, 7, 11, and 12.)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on the September 2021 Employment Cost Index
Response rates for September were comparable with prior releases and no changes in estimation 
procedures were necessary. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/home.htm.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Table A. Major series of the Employment Cost Index [Percent change]
Category 3-month,
seasonally adjusted
12-month, not seasonally adjusted
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021

Civilian workers(1)

Compensation(2)

0.7 1.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.9 3.7

Wages and salaries

0.9 1.5 2.5 2.6 2.7 3.2 4.2

Benefits

0.4 0.9 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.5

Private industry

Compensation(2)

0.8 1.4 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.1 4.1

Wages and salaries

1.0 1.6 2.7 2.8 3.0 3.5 4.6

Benefits

0.3 1.1 2.0 2.1 2.5 2.0 2.6

State and local government

Compensation(2)

0.6 0.8 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.0 2.3

Wages and salaries

0.5 1.0 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.6 2.4

Benefits

0.7 0.4 3.2 3.1 2.6 2.6 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes private industry and state and local government.
(2) Includes wages and salaries and benefits.



					   TECHNICAL NOTE

The Employment Cost Index (ECI) measures the change in the cost of labor, free from the influence of
employment shifts among occupations and industries. For information on survey concepts, coverage,
methods, nonresponse adjustment, and imputation see National Compensation Measures Handbook of
Methods at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm.

Sample size
Data for this reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 23,400 
occupational observations selected from a sample of about 5,900 private industry establishments and
approximately 7,700 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and local
government establishments that provided data at the initial interview.

Standard errors
To assist users in ascertaining the reliability of ECI series, standard errors of all current quarter
not seasonally adjusted 3- and 12-month percent change series are also available, see
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ectvar.htm and the database query tool at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.
Standard errors provide users a measure of the precision of an estimate to ensure that it is within
an acceptable range for their intended purpose.

Historical listings
Historical listings are available at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. The continuous occupational and
industry series listing uses the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Manual and Occupational
Classification System (OCS) series from 1975 through 2005 and the North American Industry 
Classification System (NAICS) and Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) from 2006 to the 
present. It provides the official series deemed continuous after the change in classification systems. 
For more information on the criteria used in defining continuous series, see the article published in 
the Monthly Labor Review at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2006/04/art2full.pdf.

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation data
The costs per hour worked of compensation components are published as part of the Employer Costs for
Employee Compensation (ECEC) news release. The ECEC release dates are available at
www.bls.gov/schedule/news_release/ecec.htm. Historical ECEC data are available in summary documents
at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. Since the ECEC is calculated with current employment weights rather than
the fixed weights used in computing the ECI, year-to-year changes in the cost levels usually differ
from those in the ECI.

Fixed employment weights
For additional information on the use of fixed employment weights in computing the ECI, see
www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2016/article/introducing-2012-fixed-employment-weights-for-the-employment-cost-
index.htm.

Additional information
Starting with the ECI June 2021 release, the locations for the ECI supplemental tables have changed.
A full list of the changes is available at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/notices/renaming-of-employment-cost
-index-table-webpages.htm. ECI release dates are available on the release calendar at www.bls.gov/
schedule/news_release/eci.htm. Subscribe to receive the BLS Economic News Release email at 
www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm.

Table 1. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Jun.
2020
Sep.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021

Civilian workers

All workers(2)

144.7 146.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.7 1.3

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

141.5 142.8 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.7 1.1 0.9

Manufacturing

140.7 142.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.5 1.0 1.4

Service-providing industries(4)

145.5 147.4 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.7 1.3

Education and health services

143.5 145.0 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.0

Educational services

143.8 145.1 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.9

Elementary and secondary schools

144.6 145.7 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.8

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

142.1 143.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 -0.3 0.5 0.2 0.5 1.1

Health care and social assistance

143.2 145.0 0.7 0.5 0.7 -0.1 1.1 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.3

Hospitals

144.0 145.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.7 1.0

Nursing and residential care facilities

141.5 143.9 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.7

Public administration

148.5 149.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.8

Private industry workers

All workers

144.3 146.3 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.8 1.4

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

141.6 143.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.3

Management, business, and financial

143.1 145.3 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.8 1.5

Professional and related

140.4 142.1 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.1 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 1.2

Sales and office

146.4 148.4 1.0 0.4 1.1 0.6 0.4 1.1 1.8 0.3 1.4

Sales and related

143.6 145.7 1.4 0.3 1.6 0.6 0.1 1.5 3.3 -0.5 1.5

Office and administrative support

148.2 150.2 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.9 1.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

144.0 145.3 0.9 0.6 1.0 0.2 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.8 0.9

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

144.1 145.5 0.9 0.7 1.1 -0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.2 1.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair

143.9 145.2 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.7 1.1 0.5 0.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

146.8 149.0 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.6 1.3 1.5

Production

143.6 145.7 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.4 1.5

Transportation and material moving

150.8 153.1 0.9 1.1 0.7 0.9 0.8 1.1 0.3 1.3 1.5

Service occupations

150.0 153.1 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.7 2.1

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

141.4 142.8 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.6 1.1 1.0

Construction

143.2 143.6 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 0.3

Manufacturing

140.7 142.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.5 1.0 1.4

Aircraft manufacturing

125.4 134.2 0.2 0.4 -1.6 1.4 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.6 7.0

Service-providing industries(5)

145.1 147.3 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.1 0.7 1.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

148.2 150.0 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.3 1.2 0.8 1.2 1.2

Wholesale trade

142.4 143.7 0.5 0.4 0.8 1.1 0.0 0.4 0.9 2.0 0.9

Retail trade

149.9 152.3 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.6 1.0 0.9 1.6

Transportation and warehousing

151.0 152.7 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.9 0.5 1.3 0.1 0.6 1.1

Utilities

156.2 158.0 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 1.2

Information

142.1 143.8 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.6 1.2 0.6 0.5 1.2

Financial activities

144.6 147.5 1.2 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.7 3.6 -1.7 2.0

Finance and insurance

145.5 148.7 1.2 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.7 4.3 -2.2 2.2

Credit intermediation and related activities

144.6 152.5 1.4 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.2 2.3 5.5

Insurance carriers and related activities

144.9 146.3 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.1 1.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

140.5 141.9 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.8 1.0

Professional and business services

144.5 146.7 0.7 0.5 1.1 0.3 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.8 1.5

Professional, scientific, and technical services

145.9 148.4 0.6 0.4 1.2 -0.1 0.3 1.0 0.2 0.8 1.7

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

143.6 145.6 0.6 0.6 1.1 0.7 0.6 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.4

Education and health services

142.2 144.1 0.7 0.5 0.8 -0.1 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.7 1.3

Educational services

141.1 143.2 1.1 0.4 0.9 0.6 -0.2 0.7 0.3 0.3 1.5

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

142.0 143.8 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.4 -0.7 0.4 0.3 0.6 1.3

Health care and social assistance

142.4 144.3 0.7 0.5 0.8 -0.3 1.2 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.3

Hospitals

143.5 145.0 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 1.0 0.7 1.0

Nursing and residential care facilities

139.9 142.4 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.3 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

150.7 154.5 0.7 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.3 1.4 2.5 2.5

Accommodation and food services

153.7 157.5 0.8 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.4 0.6 1.5 2.6 2.5

Other services, except public administration

146.1 148.4 0.1 1.2 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 1.1 1.4 1.6

State and local government workers

All workers

146.6 147.7 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.8

Industry

Education and health services

145.0 146.1 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.8

Educational services

144.5 145.6 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.8

Schools

144.4 145.5 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.8

Elementary and secondary schools

145.2 146.2 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7

Health care and social assistance

149.0 150.3 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.9

Hospitals

146.2 147.4 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6 1.0 0.8

Public administration

148.5 149.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 2. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Jun.
2020
Sep.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

144.1 146.2 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.5

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

143.8 145.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.3 0.8

Manufacturing

143.5 145.2 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.3 1.2

Service-providing industries(3)

144.2 146.5 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.8 1.1 0.8 1.6

Education and health services

139.3 141.0 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.0 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 1.2

Educational services

135.7 137.0 1.1 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.4 1.0

Elementary and secondary schools

134.8 135.8 1.2 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.7

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

136.6 138.3 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.4 -0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 1.2

Health care and social assistance

143.1 145.3 0.7 0.6 0.9 -0.4 1.2 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.5

Hospitals

143.3 145.1 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.0 0.9 1.3

Nursing and residential care facilities

142.7 145.6 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9 1.3 2.0

Private industry workers

All workers

145.8 148.1 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.1 1.0 1.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

142.7 144.8 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.1 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 1.5

Professional and related

141.6 143.4 0.6 0.7 1.0 -0.1 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.6 1.3

Management, business, and financial

144.2 146.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.5 1.1 1.8

Sales and office

148.1 150.4 1.3 0.4 1.4 0.6 0.4 1.2 2.2 0.4 1.6

Office and administrative support

149.1 151.3 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.7 1.2 1.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

144.2 145.7 0.9 0.7 1.2 0.1 0.7 0.6 1.2 0.9 1.0

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

144.3 146.0 1.0 0.7 1.4 -0.6 0.7 0.6 0.8 1.4 1.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair

144.2 145.4 1.0 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.4 0.5 0.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

149.4 151.6 0.9 1.1 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.8 1.8 1.5

Production

146.1 148.1 0.7 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.8 1.2 1.7 1.3

Transportation and material moving

153.3 155.8 1.2 1.2 0.9 1.0 0.8 1.2 0.4 1.8 1.6

Service occupations

152.9 156.4 0.6 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.4 2.1 2.3

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

143.9 145.1 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.6 1.3 0.8

Construction

144.3 144.8 1.3 0.7 0.7 1.1 0.3 0.7 0.9 1.4 0.3

Manufacturing

143.5 145.2 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.3 1.2

Aircraft manufacturing

150.3 150.4 0.3 0.6 -0.2 1.5 0.9 0.7 0.0 0.7 0.1

Service-providing industries(4)

146.4 148.9 0.9 0.7 1.0 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.3 0.9 1.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

148.7 150.7 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.3 1.3 0.8 1.5 1.3

Wholesale trade

140.0 141.5 0.5 0.4 0.9 1.3 -0.2 0.4 0.8 2.4 1.1

Retail trade

152.2 154.7 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.5 1.9 1.0 1.2 1.7

Transportation and warehousing

153.0 154.9 1.3 1.3 0.8 1.0 0.5 1.5 0.3 1.0 1.2

Utilities

150.9 152.7 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.3 1.2

Information

141.4 143.1 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.2 0.5 1.4 1.0 0.5 1.2

Financial activities

146.6 150.5 1.3 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.1 0.8 5.0 -2.2 2.7

Finance and insurance

148.2 152.6 1.5 0.6 1.0 0.4 0.0 1.0 6.0 -2.9 3.0

Credit intermediation and related activities

145.3 156.5 1.6 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.0 3.7 7.7

Insurance carriers and related activities

144.1 145.7 1.0 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.1 1.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

140.2 141.7 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.4 1.2 1.1

Professional and business services

146.0 148.3 0.8 0.6 1.4 0.1 0.4 0.9 0.3 1.1 1.6

Professional, scientific, and technical services

147.2 149.8 0.8 0.5 1.8 -0.3 0.2 1.0 -0.2 1.2 1.8

Education and health services

142.7 144.9 0.8 0.5 0.9 -0.3 1.0 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.5

Educational services

140.2 142.4 1.2 0.4 1.0 0.6 -0.3 0.8 0.5 0.4 1.6

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

139.8 141.4 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.4 -0.9 0.4 0.4 0.9 1.1

Health care and social assistance

143.3 145.4 0.7 0.6 0.9 -0.6 1.3 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.5

Hospitals

143.8 145.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.9 1.3

Nursing and resideal care facilities

143.1 146.1 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.3 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

155.4 159.5 0.7 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.2 0.4 1.6 2.8 2.6

Accommodation and food services

158.3 162.5 0.8 1.3 1.0 1.1 1.6 0.6 1.7 2.9 2.6

Other services, except public administration

147.6 150.0 -0.1 1.3 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 1.3 1.6 1.6

State and local government workers

All workers

136.6 138.0 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.5 1.0

Industry

Education and health services

135.5 136.7 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.9

Educational services

134.8 135.9 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.8

Schools

134.8 135.9 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.8

Elementary and secondary schools

134.6 135.5 1.2 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.7

Health care and social assistance

141.5 143.6 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.6 0.6 0.9 1.5

Hospitals

140.6 142.8 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.5 1.0 1.6

Public administration

137.7 139.7 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.5 1.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 3. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Jun.
2020
Sep.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

146.3 147.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.9

Private industry workers

All workers

140.6 142.1 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.3 1.1

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

138.9 140.3 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.3 1.0

Sales and office

142.1 143.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.7 -0.1 0.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

143.6 144.7 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

141.6 143.7 0.3 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.4 0.8 0.2 0.5 1.5

Service occupations

140.7 142.7 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.5 1.4

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

136.5 138.1 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.7 0.5 1.2

Manufacturing

135.5 137.7 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.4 1.6

Service-providing industries(3)

142.1 143.6 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.1 1.1

State and local government workers

All workers(1)

166.2 166.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 4. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021

All workers(2)

141.4 144.7 146.7 0.6 0.7 1.4 2.4 2.9 3.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(3)

141.5 144.6 146.3 0.6 0.8 1.2 2.4 2.8 3.4

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

140.0 142.3 144.2 0.6 0.6 1.3 2.0 2.2 3.0

Management, business, and financial

141.0 143.4 145.5 0.4 0.8 1.5 1.8 2.1 3.2

Professional and related

139.5 141.7 143.4 0.7 0.4 1.2 2.1 2.3 2.8

Sales and office

142.4 146.8 148.7 0.4 0.3 1.3 2.5 3.5 4.4

Sales and related

137.9 143.8 145.8 0.1 -0.3 1.4 2.7 4.4 5.7

Office and administrative support

145.1 148.5 150.3 0.6 0.8 1.2 2.4 2.9 3.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

141.0 144.4 145.7 0.5 1.0 0.9 2.3 2.9 3.3

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

140.8 144.5 145.7 0.5 1.3 0.8 1.9 3.1 3.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair

141.4 144.4 145.8 0.6 0.7 1.0 2.9 2.8 3.1

Production, transportation, and material moving

143.1 147.1 149.3 0.7 1.1 1.5 3.2 3.5 4.3

Production

139.5 143.9 145.8 0.6 1.4 1.3 3.1 3.7 4.5

Transportation and material moving

147.2 151.0 153.3 0.8 0.9 1.5 3.4 3.4 4.1

Service occupations

145.5 150.4 153.2 0.8 1.3 1.9 3.3 4.2 5.3

Industry

Goods-producing industries(4)

138.2 141.6 142.9 0.3 1.1 0.9 2.2 2.8 3.4

Manufacturing

137.6 140.8 142.5 0.3 1.0 1.2 2.3 2.6 3.6

Service-providing industries(5)

142.0 145.3 147.3 0.6 0.6 1.4 2.5 2.9 3.7

Education and health services

141.0 143.1 145.1 1.0 0.5 1.4 2.2 2.5 2.9

Educational services

141.8 143.0 145.2 0.9 0.2 1.5 2.1 1.8 2.4

Elementary and secondary schools

142.3 143.6 145.7 1.2 0.2 1.5 2.3 2.1 2.4

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

140.6 141.6 143.9 0.2 0.3 1.6 1.4 0.9 2.3

Health care and social assistance

140.2 143.2 145.0 1.1 0.7 1.3 2.2 3.2 3.4

Hospitals

140.9 144.0 145.4 0.4 0.7 1.0 2.4 2.6 3.2

Nursing and residential care facilities

137.4 141.4 143.8 0.7 1.1 1.7 2.6 3.7 4.7

Public administration

146.2 147.9 149.6 0.8 0.3 1.1 2.6 2.0 2.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(4) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 5. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021

All workers

140.7 144.4 146.4 0.4 0.8 1.4 2.4 3.1 4.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

140.8 144.3 145.9 0.5 0.9 1.1 2.4 3.0 3.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

139.0 141.7 143.5 0.4 0.7 1.3 1.9 2.4 3.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

138.3 140.8 142.1 0.5 0.5 0.9 1.9 2.3 2.7

Management, business, and financial

140.7 143.3 145.3 0.4 0.9 1.4 1.9 2.2 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

139.5 141.8 142.9 0.3 0.5 0.8 1.8 1.9 2.4

Professional and related

137.8 140.5 142.2 0.6 0.6 1.2 2.0 2.6 3.2

Sales and office

141.9 146.6 148.5 0.3 0.3 1.3 2.5 3.6 4.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

143.9 148.0 149.5 0.4 1.0 1.0 2.5 3.3 3.9

Sales and related

137.8 143.7 145.7 0.1 -0.4 1.4 2.7 4.4 5.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

142.2 147.2 148.2 0.3 1.3 0.7 2.7 3.8 4.2

Office and administrative support

144.8 148.4 150.2 0.5 0.9 1.2 2.4 3.0 3.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

140.6 144.2 145.5 0.5 1.1 0.9 2.4 3.1 3.5

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

140.4 144.3 145.5 0.4 1.3 0.8 1.8 3.1 3.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair

140.8 144.1 145.4 0.6 0.8 0.9 3.0 3.0 3.3

Production, transportation, and material moving

142.7 146.8 149.0 0.7 1.2 1.5 3.3 3.6 4.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

142.5 146.5 148.6 0.8 1.2 1.4 3.3 3.6 4.3

Production

139.3 143.7 145.7 0.6 1.4 1.4 3.1 3.8 4.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

139.8 144.1 146.1 0.6 1.4 1.4 3.2 3.7 4.5

Transportation and material moving

146.9 150.8 153.2 0.8 1.0 1.6 3.5 3.5 4.3

Service occupations

144.3 150.1 153.1 0.8 1.6 2.0 3.7 4.8 6.1

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(3)

138.2 141.5 142.8 0.4 1.1 0.9 2.3 2.8 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

138.1 141.5 142.9 0.4 1.1 1.0 2.1 2.8 3.5

Management, professional, and related

135.2 137.7 138.5 0.1 0.8 0.6 1.7 2.0 2.4

Sales and office

142.6 146.2 146.6 0.1 1.9 0.3 2.7 2.6 2.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

139.9 143.5 144.9 0.5 1.1 1.0 1.9 3.1 3.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

138.2 142.1 144.1 0.5 1.2 1.4 3.0 3.3 4.3

Construction

139.7 143.3 143.9 0.4 1.4 0.4 2.4 3.0 3.0

Manufacturing

137.6 140.8 142.5 0.3 1.0 1.2 2.3 2.6 3.6

Management, professional, and related

136.3 138.7 139.8 0.1 0.7 0.8 1.8 1.9 2.6

Sales and office occupations

139.9 143.5 145.0 -0.1 1.1 1.0 0.8 2.4 3.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

138.2 141.5 143.3 0.4 0.9 1.3 2.7 2.8 3.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

137.9 141.8 143.8 0.5 1.2 1.4 3.0 3.4 4.3

Aircraft manufacturing

123.0 125.5 136.8 0.6 0.4 9.0 0.5 2.6 11.2

Service-providing industries(4)

141.5 145.3 147.4 0.5 0.7 1.4 2.5 3.2 4.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

141.7 145.1 146.9 0.6 0.8 1.2 2.5 3.0 3.7

Management, professional, and related

139.8 142.4 144.4 0.6 0.6 1.4 2.0 2.4 3.3

Sales and office

141.8 146.6 148.7 0.3 0.1 1.4 2.5 3.7 4.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

141.8 145.2 146.4 0.6 0.9 0.8 3.2 3.1 3.2

Production, transportation, and material moving

147.7 152.1 154.4 0.9 1.2 1.5 3.6 3.9 4.5

Service occupations

144.3 150.1 153.1 0.8 1.6 2.0 3.7 4.9 6.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

143.8 148.3 150.1 0.3 1.1 1.2 2.6 3.5 4.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

144.5 148.5 150.2 0.3 0.8 1.1 2.7 3.1 3.9

Wholesale trade

138.0 142.3 143.9 0.2 1.7 1.1 2.4 3.3 4.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

141.2 144.7 146.1 0.1 0.8 1.0 2.2 2.6 3.5

Retail trade

144.7 150.3 152.3 0.3 1.3 1.3 2.7 4.2 5.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

143.8 148.9 150.8 0.3 1.0 1.3 3.1 3.9 4.9

Transportation and warehousing

148.2 151.1 153.0 0.5 0.4 1.3 3.1 2.5 3.2

Utilities

153.3 156.8 157.8 0.1 0.7 0.6 2.3 2.3 2.9

Information

139.0 142.4 143.9 0.4 0.7 1.1 2.7 2.8 3.5

Financial activities

141.2 145.0 147.6 0.2 -1.2 1.8 2.3 2.9 4.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

141.5 143.9 144.8 0.5 0.8 0.6 2.5 2.2 2.3

Finance and insurance

141.7 146.0 148.8 0.1 -1.6 1.9 2.3 3.1 5.0

Credit intermediation and related activities

140.7 145.2 152.8 0.2 2.8 5.2 2.7 3.4 8.6

Excluding incentive paid

144.0 146.5 147.5 -0.1 0.5 0.7 2.2 1.6 2.4

Insurance carriers and related activities

142.7 145.6 146.4 0.1 0.7 0.5 2.2 2.2 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

141.9 144.2 144.8 0.1 0.7 0.4 2.5 1.7 2.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

138.8 140.6 142.2 0.7 0.6 1.1 2.1 2.0 2.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

142.7 144.9 146.5 0.6 0.7 1.1 2.4 2.2 2.7

Professional and business services

141.4 144.6 146.7 0.4 0.6 1.5 2.2 2.6 3.7

Professional, scientific, and technical services

142.9 145.9 148.4 0.3 0.5 1.7 1.8 2.4 3.8

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

139.0 143.6 145.6 0.5 1.1 1.4 3.0 3.8 4.7

Education and health services

139.5 142.2 144.2 1.0 0.6 1.4 2.1 3.0 3.4

Educational services

139.6 140.7 143.6 0.3 0.1 2.1 1.7 1.1 2.9

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

140.4 141.6 144.1 -0.2 0.4 1.8 1.1 0.6 2.6

Health care and social assistance

139.4 142.5 144.3 1.1 0.8 1.3 2.2 3.3 3.5

Hospitals

140.4 143.6 145.0 0.4 0.7 1.0 2.4 2.7 3.3

Nursing and residential care facilities

135.8 139.9 142.4 0.8 1.2 1.8 2.7 3.9 4.9

Nursing care facilities(2)

134.9 139.3 141.8 0.7 1.2 1.8 2.7 4.0 5.1

Leisure and hospitality

144.1 150.6 154.1 0.9 2.2 2.3 4.1 5.5 6.9

Accommodation and food service

146.5 153.6 157.1 1.2 2.3 2.3 4.6 6.2 7.2

Other services, except public administration

141.8 146.3 148.4 0.5 1.4 1.4 2.8 3.7 4.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 6. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021

Bargaining status

Union

145.6 148.4 150.1 0.6 0.6 1.1 3.0 2.6 3.1

Goods-producing industries(2)

140.1 143.1 145.3 0.7 0.9 1.5 2.8 2.9 3.7

Manufacturing

133.5 136.2 139.5 0.6 0.6 2.4 3.4 2.6 4.5

Service-providing industries(3)

149.6 152.4 153.8 0.5 0.5 0.9 3.0 2.4 2.8

Nonunion

140.1 143.8 145.8 0.5 0.8 1.4 2.4 3.2 4.1

Goods-producing industries(2)

137.6 141.0 142.1 0.3 1.2 0.8 2.2 2.8 3.3

Manufacturing

138.7 142.0 143.4 0.2 1.1 1.0 2.1 2.6 3.4

Service-providing industries(3)

140.7 144.6 146.8 0.5 0.7 1.5 2.5 3.3 4.3

Census region and division(4)

Northeast

143.1 146.4 148.4 0.4 0.2 1.4 2.2 2.7 3.7

New England

146.5 150.4 152.2 0.5 0.9 1.2 2.2 3.2 3.9

Middle Atlantic

141.9 145.1 147.1 0.3 0.0 1.4 2.2 2.5 3.7

South

138.4 142.3 144.6 0.3 0.9 1.6 2.3 3.1 4.5

South Atlantic

140.7 144.6 146.3 0.3 0.6 1.2 2.3 3.1 4.0

East South Central

137.1 140.8 143.5 0.1 1.0 1.9 1.6 2.8 4.7

West South Central

135.1 138.9 142.1 0.3 1.4 2.3 2.5 3.1 5.2

Midwest

138.2 141.8 143.5 0.4 0.8 1.2 2.4 3.1 3.8

East North Central

136.7 140.1 141.9 0.4 0.7 1.3 2.4 2.9 3.8

West North Central

142.0 145.8 147.3 0.5 0.8 1.0 2.4 3.2 3.7

West

144.4 148.3 150.1 0.9 1.0 1.2 2.8 3.6 3.9

Mountain

141.4 145.9 147.4 0.6 1.5 1.0 2.6 3.8 4.2

Pacific

145.7 149.5 151.3 1.0 0.9 1.2 2.9 3.6 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 7. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021

All workers

144.3 145.8 147.6 1.0 0.3 1.2 2.3 2.0 2.3

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

142.7 143.9 145.8 0.9 0.1 1.3 2.2 1.8 2.2

Professional and related

142.6 143.9 145.7 1.0 0.2 1.3 2.3 1.9 2.2

Sales and office

147.1 149.0 150.6 1.0 0.4 1.1 2.6 2.3 2.4

Office and administrative support

147.2 149.1 150.7 1.0 0.4 1.1 2.6 2.3 2.4

Service occupations

148.2 150.5 152.7 0.9 0.6 1.5 2.7 2.5 3.0

Industry

Education and health services

142.7 144.1 146.2 1.0 0.2 1.5 2.1 2.0 2.5

Educational services

142.4 143.6 145.6 1.1 0.2 1.4 2.2 1.9 2.2

Schools

142.3 143.5 145.6 1.1 0.2 1.5 2.2 1.9 2.3

Elementary and secondary schools

142.8 144.1 146.2 1.3 0.2 1.5 2.4 2.2 2.4

Health care and social assistance

145.7 148.5 150.2 0.6 0.6 1.1 2.2 2.5 3.1

Hospitals

143.0 145.8 147.3 0.5 0.6 1.0 2.4 2.5 3.0

Public administration

146.2 147.9 149.6 0.8 0.3 1.1 2.6 2.0 2.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 8. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021

All workers(1)

140.4 144.1 146.3 0.6 0.8 1.5 2.5 3.2 4.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

140.1 143.5 145.3 0.6 0.9 1.3 2.4 3.0 3.7

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

138.3 140.6 142.7 0.5 0.6 1.5 1.9 2.2 3.2

Management, business, and financial

140.7 143.3 145.8 0.3 1.0 1.7 1.8 2.1 3.6

Professional and related

137.0 139.1 141.0 0.7 0.5 1.4 2.0 2.2 2.9

Sales and office

142.0 147.3 149.5 0.4 0.3 1.5 2.7 4.1 5.3

Sales and related

139.2 146.4 148.8 0.0 -0.4 1.6 3.0 5.2 6.9

Office and administrative support

143.8 147.6 149.6 0.6 1.0 1.4 2.5 3.3 4.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

140.0 143.8 145.3 0.6 1.1 1.0 2.6 3.3 3.8

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

139.6 143.9 145.3 0.4 1.5 1.0 2.1 3.5 4.1

Installation, maintenance, and repair

140.5 143.8 145.3 0.8 0.7 1.0 3.2 3.2 3.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

144.1 149.1 151.3 0.8 1.5 1.5 3.7 4.3 5.0

Production

141.0 146.3 148.0 0.7 1.8 1.2 3.4 4.5 5.0

Transportation and material moving

147.5 152.2 154.9 1.0 1.3 1.8 3.9 4.2 5.0

Service occupations

144.4 150.0 153.2 0.8 1.5 2.1 3.6 4.7 6.1

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

140.1 143.9 145.0 0.4 1.4 0.8 2.6 3.1 3.5

Manufacturing

139.8 143.6 145.0 0.4 1.3 1.0 2.7 3.1 3.7

Service-providing industries(4)

140.5 144.1 146.5 0.6 0.7 1.7 2.5 3.2 4.3

Education and health services

136.9 139.0 141.2 1.0 0.6 1.6 1.9 2.5 3.1

Educational services

134.3 135.2 137.4 0.8 0.2 1.6 1.7 1.5 2.3

Elementary and secondary schools

133.4 134.3 136.3 1.1 0.3 1.5 1.9 1.7 2.2

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

135.2 136.2 138.6 0.1 0.3 1.8 1.1 0.8 2.5

Health care and social assistance

139.8 143.2 145.3 1.2 0.9 1.5 2.2 3.6 3.9

Hospitals

139.8 143.3 145.0 0.4 0.9 1.2 2.3 2.9 3.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

138.2 142.7 145.5 0.7 1.3 2.0 3.1 4.0 5.3

Public administration

135.9 137.5 139.8 0.3 0.2 1.7 1.9 1.5 2.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 9. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Index value (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021

All workers

141.7 145.9 148.2 0.6 0.9 1.6 2.7 3.5 4.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

141.5 145.3 147.1 0.6 1.0 1.2 2.7 3.3 4.0

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

140.0 142.8 144.9 0.5 0.8 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

138.7 141.3 142.7 0.5 0.6 1.0 2.0 2.4 2.9

Management, business, and financial

141.4 144.3 146.9 0.2 1.1 1.8 1.8 2.3 3.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

139.3 141.7 142.8 0.2 0.6 0.8 1.7 1.9 2.5

Professional and related

138.9 141.7 143.5 0.7 0.6 1.3 2.1 2.7 3.3

Sales and office

142.6 148.2 150.4 0.4 0.3 1.5 2.7 4.3 5.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

144.4 149.0 150.8 0.5 1.2 1.2 2.7 3.7 4.4

Sales and related

139.3 146.5 148.9 0.0 -0.5 1.6 3.0 5.2 6.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

143.6 149.3 150.5 0.3 1.5 0.8 2.9 4.3 4.8

Office and administrative support

145.0 149.2 151.3 0.6 1.1 1.4 2.5 3.5 4.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

140.3 144.3 145.8 0.6 1.1 1.0 2.7 3.4 3.9

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

140.1 144.5 145.9 0.5 1.5 1.0 2.2 3.7 4.1

Installation, maintenance, and repair

140.7 144.3 145.7 0.8 0.8 1.0 3.2 3.4 3.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

144.2 149.4 151.6 0.8 1.6 1.5 3.7 4.5 5.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

144.0 149.0 151.2 0.9 1.6 1.5 3.6 4.4 5.0

Production

140.8 146.2 148.0 0.6 1.7 1.2 3.4 4.5 5.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

141.4 146.7 148.5 0.9 1.8 1.2 3.5 4.6 5.0

Transportation and material moving

148.2 153.1 155.8 1.0 1.3 1.8 3.9 4.3 5.1

Service occupations

146.2 152.9 156.2 0.9 1.9 2.2 4.1 5.5 6.8

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(2)

140.2 144.0 145.1 0.4 1.4 0.8 2.7 3.2 3.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

139.9 143.9 145.1 0.4 1.3 0.8 2.3 3.3 3.7

Management, professional, and related

138.8 141.3 141.7 0.1 1.0 0.3 2.2 1.9 2.1

Sales and office

145.9 150.1 150.3 0.1 2.3 0.1 3.5 3.0 3.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

140.1 144.2 145.7 0.5 1.3 1.0 2.1 3.4 4.0

Production, transportation, and material moving

139.9 144.8 146.7 0.6 1.7 1.3 3.3 4.2 4.9

Construction

140.5 144.4 145.1 0.4 1.6 0.5 2.8 3.2 3.3

Manufacturing

139.8 143.6 145.0 0.4 1.3 1.0 2.7 3.1 3.7

Management, professional, and related

139.5 141.9 142.5 0.2 0.9 0.4 2.4 1.9 2.2

Sales and office

141.0 145.5 147.1 -0.1 1.3 1.1 1.0 3.0 4.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

140.9 144.9 146.5 0.6 1.1 1.1 3.2 3.5 4.0

Production, transportation, and material moving

139.7 144.6 146.5 0.6 1.6 1.3 3.3 4.1 4.9

Aircraft manufacturing

148.1 150.7 150.3 0.5 0.5 -0.3 2.8 2.3 1.5

Service-providing industries(3)

142.1 146.5 149.0 0.6 0.8 1.7 2.7 3.7 4.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

141.9 145.8 147.7 0.6 1.0 1.3 2.7 3.4 4.1

Management, professional, and related

140.2 143.1 145.4 0.5 0.8 1.6 2.0 2.6 3.7

Sales and office

142.3 148.0 150.4 0.4 0.1 1.6 2.7 4.4 5.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

140.7 144.5 146.0 0.8 0.9 1.0 3.5 3.5 3.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

148.6 154.0 156.5 1.0 1.4 1.6 4.0 4.7 5.3

Service occupations

146.2 152.9 156.2 0.9 1.9 2.2 4.1 5.5 6.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

143.5 148.7 150.8 0.3 1.4 1.4 2.9 4.0 5.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

143.8 148.4 150.3 0.3 1.0 1.3 2.9 3.6 4.5

Wholesale trade

135.4 139.7 141.8 0.2 1.8 1.5 2.4 3.4 4.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

137.9 141.4 143.0 0.1 0.9 1.1 2.3 2.7 3.7

Retail trade

146.2 152.5 154.8 0.3 1.5 1.5 2.9 4.7 5.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

144.9 150.6 152.8 0.3 1.2 1.5 3.4 4.3 5.5

Transportation and warehousing

148.8 152.8 155.0 0.7 0.7 1.4 3.5 3.4 4.2

Utilities

148.4 151.5 152.5 0.0 0.5 0.7 2.1 2.1 2.8

Information

137.6 141.7 143.3 0.5 0.8 1.1 2.4 3.5 4.1

Financial activities

141.7 147.1 150.6 -0.1 -1.6 2.4 2.2 3.7 6.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

140.9 143.6 144.7 0.2 0.7 0.8 2.2 2.1 2.7

Finance and insurance

142.6 148.8 152.8 -0.3 -2.2 2.7 2.1 4.0 7.2

Credit intermediation and related activities

139.7 145.9 156.7 0.4 4.1 7.4 2.6 4.9 12.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

142.0 145.3 146.4 -0.1 0.8 0.8 1.6 2.3 3.1

Insurance carriers and related activities

141.4 144.9 145.7 0.2 0.7 0.6 2.0 2.7 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

139.5 142.1 142.6 0.2 0.7 0.4 2.6 2.1 2.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

137.7 140.1 141.8 0.7 0.9 1.2 2.3 2.4 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

141.9 144.9 146.6 0.7 1.0 1.2 2.6 2.8 3.3

Professional and business services

142.6 146.0 148.3 0.4 0.8 1.6 2.6 2.8 4.0

Professional, scientific, and technical services

144.3 147.1 149.8 0.3 0.7 1.8 2.2 2.2 3.8

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

141.5 146.6 148.9 0.6 1.2 1.6 3.4 4.3 5.2

Education and health services

139.7 142.7 145.0 1.2 0.8 1.6 2.2 3.3 3.8

Educational services

138.3 139.7 142.8 0.4 0.2 2.2 1.6 1.4 3.3

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

137.8 139.3 141.8 -0.3 0.7 1.8 1.0 0.8 2.9

Health care and social assistance

140.0 143.3 145.4 1.3 0.9 1.5 2.3 3.7 3.9

Hospitals

140.3 143.9 145.6 0.4 0.9 1.2 2.4 3.0 3.8

Nursing and residential care facilities

138.4 143.1 146.0 0.8 1.3 2.0 3.3 4.2 5.5

Nursing care facilities(1)

137.3 142.3 145.1 0.7 1.4 2.0 3.3 4.4 5.7

Leisure and hospitality

147.9 155.3 159.1 1.0 2.4 2.4 4.4 6.1 7.6

Accommodation and food service

150.1 158.3 162.2 1.4 2.5 2.5 5.0 6.9 8.1

Other services, except public administration

142.8 147.7 150.1 0.7 1.6 1.6 3.1 4.2 5.1

Footnotes
(1) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 10. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for-
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021

Bargaining status

Union

142.2 145.9 147.2 0.7 1.0 0.9 3.0 3.3 3.5

Goods-producing industries(1)

136.9 140.4 141.5 0.8 1.3 0.8 2.9 3.4 3.4

Manufacturing

134.7 138.5 139.9 0.9 1.3 1.0 3.9 3.7 3.9

Service-providing industries(2)

145.6 149.4 150.9 0.6 0.7 1.0 3.0 3.2 3.6

Nonunion

141.6 145.9 148.3 0.5 0.9 1.6 2.6 3.5 4.7

Goods-producing industries(1)

140.9 144.9 146.0 0.3 1.5 0.8 2.6 3.1 3.6

Manufacturing

140.9 144.8 146.2 0.3 1.3 1.0 2.5 3.1 3.8

Service-providing industries(2)

141.8 146.2 148.8 0.6 0.8 1.8 2.6 3.7 4.9

Census region and division(3)

Northeast

143.1 147.2 149.5 0.3 0.3 1.6 2.4 3.2 4.5

New England

148.7 153.3 155.4 0.6 1.2 1.4 2.3 3.7 4.5

Middle Atlantic

141.1 145.0 147.4 0.2 0.1 1.7 2.4 3.0 4.5

South

140.1 144.7 147.4 0.3 1.1 1.9 2.5 3.6 5.2

South Atlantic

142.7 147.4 149.3 0.4 0.8 1.3 2.6 3.7 4.6

East South Central

138.0 142.1 144.5 0.1 1.1 1.7 1.8 3.1 4.7

West South Central

136.5 141.2 145.4 0.2 1.8 3.0 2.5 3.7 6.5

Midwest

138.7 142.5 144.4 0.6 0.9 1.3 2.7 3.3 4.1

East North Central

137.0 140.7 142.7 0.5 0.9 1.4 2.7 3.2 4.2

West North Central

142.8 146.9 148.5 0.6 1.0 1.1 2.7 3.5 4.0

West

145.8 150.2 152.1 1.0 1.2 1.3 3.1 4.1 4.3

Mountain

142.8 147.6 149.4 0.7 1.6 1.2 2.7 4.1 4.6

Pacific

147.1 151.5 153.3 1.1 1.1 1.2 3.2 4.1 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(2) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(3) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 11. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021

All workers

134.9 136.2 138.2 0.7 0.3 1.5 1.8 1.6 2.4

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

133.9 134.9 136.8 0.7 0.2 1.4 1.7 1.4 2.2

Professional and related

133.8 134.7 136.7 0.8 0.1 1.5 1.8 1.4 2.2

Sales and office

134.9 136.9 138.6 0.7 0.4 1.2 1.9 2.2 2.7

Office and administrative support

135.4 137.4 139.1 0.7 0.5 1.2 1.9 2.2 2.7

Service occupations

138.4 140.5 143.2 0.6 0.5 1.9 2.1 2.1 3.5

Industry

Education and health services

134.0 135.1 137.1 0.8 0.3 1.5 1.7 1.6 2.3

Educational services

133.5 134.3 136.3 0.9 0.1 1.5 1.7 1.5 2.1

Schools

133.5 134.3 136.3 0.9 0.2 1.5 1.8 1.5 2.1

Elementary and secondary schools

133.3 134.1 136.0 1.1 0.2 1.4 1.9 1.7 2.0

Health care and social assistance

138.5 141.2 143.5 0.2 0.6 1.6 1.9 2.2 3.6

Hospitals

137.5 140.4 142.6 0.2 0.7 1.6 2.2 2.3 3.7

Public administration

135.9 137.5 139.8 0.3 0.2 1.7 1.9 1.5 2.9

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 12. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group, industry, and bargaining status [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group, industry, and bargaining status Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

143.9 146.2 147.5 0.6 0.4 0.9 2.3 2.2 2.5

Private industry workers

All workers

138.5 140.8 142.1 0.4 0.4 0.9 2.0 2.0 2.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

136.9 139.1 140.3 0.4 0.4 0.9 1.8 2.1 2.5

Sales and office

140.1 142.5 143.5 0.2 0.3 0.7 1.8 1.9 2.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

141.2 143.8 144.8 0.4 0.8 0.7 1.8 2.2 2.5

Production, transportation, and material moving

139.5 141.6 143.7 0.4 0.4 1.5 2.5 1.9 3.0

Service occupations

138.0 140.8 142.6 0.4 0.5 1.3 2.4 2.5 3.3

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

134.2 136.5 138.2 0.2 0.5 1.2 1.4 1.9 3.0

Manufacturing

133.5 135.5 137.7 0.1 0.4 1.6 1.4 1.6 3.1

Aircraft manufacturing

96.3 98.7 122.1 0.7 0.3 23.7 -3.0 3.2 26.8

Service-providing industries(3)

140.1 142.4 143.6 0.4 0.4 0.8 2.1 2.1 2.5

Bargaining status

Union

151.1 152.6 154.8 0.5 0.2 1.4 2.9 1.5 2.4

Nonunion

136.0 138.5 139.7 0.3 0.4 0.9 1.8 2.1 2.7

State and local government workers

All workers

163.6 165.6 167.1 1.4 0.3 0.9 3.2 2.6 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 13. Employment Cost Index for total compensation and wages and salaries, for private industry workers by area [Not seasonally adjusted]
Census region and metropolitan area(1) 12-month percent changes -
Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2020
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021

Northeast

Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA

3.4 3.1 3.7 3.7 3.6 4.2

New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA

1.9 2.3 3.7 1.9 2.3 4.3

Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA

2.5 2.8 3.3 2.8 3.8 4.2

South

Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA CSA

2.5 2.4 2.3 2.6 3.4 3.0

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK CSA

3.1 3.1 3.5 2.4 3.0 4.3

Houston-The Woodlands, TX CSA

2.2 1.7 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL CSA

1.5 2.4 4.1 1.6 2.9 4.7

Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA

3.6 3.7 4.2 3.9 4.3 4.7

Midwest

Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA

2.4 2.7 4.0 2.8 3.0 4.4

Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA

2.7 2.7 2.6 3.0 2.8 2.7

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI CSA

1.6 2.4 3.4 2.1 2.4 3.4

West

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA

2.7 4.5 5.5 3.1 5.4 6.5

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

3.3 3.7 4.6 3.8 3.5 4.4

San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA

3.5 3.1 3.0 4.0 3.4 3.3

Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA

2.6 2.1 5.2 3.6 2.4 2.5

Footnotes
(1) These areas include Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). Beginning with the December 2018 release, area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013. Previous area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 04-03, dated February 18, 2004. For more information on metropolitan area definitions, see www.census.gov/programs-surveys/metro-micro.html.
(2) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Last Modified Date: October 29, 2021