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Economic News Release
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Occupational Employment and Wages News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, March 27, 2012                 USDL-12-0548

Technical information:  (202) 691-6569  *  oesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/oes
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


               OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES -- MAY 2011


Retail salespersons and cashiers were the occupations with the highest
employment in 2011, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. 
These two occupations combined made up nearly 6 percent of total U.S. 
employment, with employment levels of 4.3 and 3.3 million, respectively. 
National employment and wage information for all occupations is shown in 
table 1.

These data are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program, 
which provides employment and wage estimates by area and by industry for 
wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and nearly 800 
detailed occupations.

Occupations

   --The 10 largest occupations accounted for more than 20 percent of
     total employment in May 2011. In addition to retail salespersons and
     cashiers, the largest occupations included general office clerks;
     combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food;
     registered nurses; waiters and waitresses; and customer service
     representatives.
       
   --Most of the largest occupations were relatively low paying. Of the
     10 largest occupations, only registered nurses, with an annual
     mean wage of $69,110, had an average wage above the U.S. all-
     occupations mean of $21.74 per hour or $45,230 annually. Annual mean
     wages for the rest of the 10 largest occupations ranged from $18,790
     for combined food preparation and serving workers to $33,120 for
     customer service representatives.
     
   --Office and administrative support was the largest occupational group,
     making up nearly 17 percent of total U.S. employment. The next
     largest groups were sales and related occupations and food preparation
     and serving related occupations, which made up about 11 and 9 percent
     of U.S. employment, respectively. Seven of the 10 largest occupations
     were in one of these three groups. The smallest occupational groups
     included legal occupations and life, physical, and social science
     occupations, each making up less than 1 percent of total employment.
     
   --The highest paying occupational groups were management, legal,
     computer and mathematical, and architecture and engineering
     occupations. Most individual occupations in these groups were also
     high paying. For example, of the 35 architecture and engineering
     occupations, only one--surveying and mapping technicians, with an
     annual mean wage of $42,050--had an average wage below the U.S. all-
     occupations mean. (See table 1.)
     
   --The lowest paying occupational groups were food preparation and
     serving related; farming, fishing, and forestry; personal care 
     and service; and building and grounds cleaning and maintenance
     occupations. Annual mean wages for these groups ranged from $21,430
     for food preparation and serving related occupations to $25,560 for
     building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations. Nearly all
     of the individual occupations in these groups had below-average wages.
     For example, chefs and head cooks was the only food preparation and
     serving related occupation with a mean wage above the U.S. all-
     occupations mean, and 15 of the 18 occupations in this group had
     annual mean wages of $25,000 or less. (See table 1.)

Occupational profiles for all occupations are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_stru.htm.

Ownership

   --Eight of the 10 largest occupations in the private sector were the
     same as those in the economy as a whole; stock clerks and order fillers and
     general and operations managers rounded out the largest private sector
     occupations. Among the 10 largest occupations overall, over 91 percent
     of employment was in the private sector, with the share of private sector
     employment ranging from 75 percent of janitors and secretaries to nearly
     100 percent of retail salespersons and waiters and waitresses.

   --Five of the 10 largest occupations in the public sector were
     education related: elementary, middle, and secondary school teachers,
     except special education; teacher assistants; and teachers and
     instructors, all other. Seventy percent or more of total employment
     and over 90 percent of public sector employment in each of these 5
     occupations was in local government. Other large occupations in local
     government included police and sheriff’s patrol officers, janitors,
     general office clerks, and firefighters.

   --Correctional officers and jailers and general office clerks were the
     largest occupations in state government, with employment of nearly
     250,000 and 190,000, respectively. Additional large occupations in
     state government included registered nurses, graduate teaching
     assistants, postsecondary health specialties teachers, and police and
     sheriff's patrol officers.

   --Three of the 10 largest occupations in the federal government 
     were specific to the U.S. Postal Service: postal service mail
     carriers, with employment of 315,320; postal service mail sorters,
     processors, and processing machine operators (139,680); and postal
     service clerks (64,710). The largest federal government occupations
     also included registered nurses, management analysts, and compliance
     officers.

OES data by ownership are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrci.htm.

Industry

   --Health care and social assistance was the industry sector with the
     highest employment. Over half of May 2011 employment in the health
     care and social assistance sector was in healthcare-related
     occupations. Registered nurses was the largest occupation in this
     sector, with nearly 2.4 million jobs, almost 70 percent of which were
     in hospitals. Other large healthcare occupations in this sector were
     nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants; home health aides; licensed
     practical and licensed vocational nurses; and medical assistants.
     Outside of the healthcare occupational groups, the largest occupations
     in this sector were personal care aides, childcare workers, and three
     office and administrative support occupations: medical secretaries,
     receptionists and information clerks, and general office clerks.
     
   --Other large industry sectors included retail trade, educational
     services, and manufacturing. More than 60 percent of retail trade
     employment was in just 4 occupations: retail salespersons, cashiers,
     stock clerks and order fillers, and first-line supervisors of retail
     sales workers. Education, training, and library occupations made up
     about 59 percent of employment in the educational services sector,
     including 5 of the 10 largest occupations; the largest occupation
     outside of the education group was janitors and cleaners, except maids
     and housekeeping cleaners. About half of manufacturing employment was
     in production occupations, including team assemblers, with employment
     of 703,740; first-line supervisors of production and operating workers
     (406,820); and machinists (294,620).
     
   --Industries with the highest all-occupations mean wages included
     computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing, software publishers,
     oil and gas extraction, and several financial services industries.
     These industries tended to have high employment concentrations of
     occupations with high wages, and in some cases, above average wages
     for individual occupations. For example, the largest occupations in
     oil and gas extraction included petroleum engineers, with an annual
     mean wage of $150,890; geoscientists, except hydrologists and
     geographers ($139,390); and accountants and auditors ($75,720); these
     three occupations also had higher wages in oil and gas extraction than
     in all industries combined.
     
   --Industries with the lowest all-occupations mean wages included
     support activities for crop production and several retail trade and
     food service industries. In limited-service eating places, the
     industry with the lowest overall average wage, 7 of the 10 largest
     occupations had mean wages below $20,000 per year. Cashiers, with an
     annual mean wage of $18,830, made up 65 percent of employment in
     gasoline stations; other large occupations in this industry included
     first-line supervisors of retail sales workers ($34,380); combined
     food preparation and serving workers, including fast food ($18,800);
     and automotive and watercraft service attendants ($20,380).

OES national industry-specific data are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrci.htm.

State and Local Area

   --States with high total employment, such as California, Texas, New
     York, and Florida, also tended to have the highest employment of many
     individual occupations. For example, California and Texas had the
     highest employment of surveyors, with employment levels of 4,480 and
     4,210, respectively. However, smaller states often had higher-than-
     average employment concentrations of particular occupations. For
     instance, as a share of total employment, Alaska and Wyoming had more
     than 3 times as many surveyors as the U.S. as a whole.
     
   --Similarly, large metropolitan areas tended to have the highest
     number of jobs in many individual occupations, but smaller
     metropolitan areas often had high concentrations of specific
     occupations. For example, Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.,
     and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif., had the highest
     employment of team assemblers, although neither area had a
     particularly high employment share of this occupation. However,
     Elkhart-Goshen, Ind., had an employment share of team assemblers
     nearly 10 times the U.S. average, and Spartanburg, S.C., and
     Lafayette, Ind., had employment shares nearly 7 times the average for
     this occupation.
     
   --Wages for a given occupation also varied considerably across
     areas. For example, annual mean wages for applications software
     developers ranged from $64,000 in North Dakota and $64,720 in Wyoming
     to $99,800 in Virginia and $104,450 in California. Wages for this
     occupation varied even more by area than by state: among metropolitan
     areas with at least 100 applications software developers, annual mean
     wages ranged from $49,530 in Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway,
     S.C., and $56,780 in Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, Fla., to
     $117,150 in San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif., and $129,480 in
     the Haverhill-North Andover-Andover, Mass., NECTA division.

OES data, including location quotients, by state and
metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available on the BLS website at
www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcma.htm, respectively.



    ------------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                  |
   |       Notes on the Occupational Employment Statistics Data       |
   |                                                                  |
   | The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program provides    |
   | employment and wage estimates for wage and salary workers in 22  |
   | major occupational groups and nearly 800 detailed occupations.   |
   | OES produces cross-industry occupational employment and wage     |
   | data for the nation, states, metropolitan areas, metropolitan    |
   | divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas; industry-specific data for |
   | the nation; and data by ownership across all industries and for  |
   | schools and hospitals.                                           |
   |                                                                  |
   | The May 2011 OES estimates are based in part on data collected   |
   | using the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system |
   | and in part on data collected using the 2000 SOC system. Nearly  |
   | all the occupations in this release are 2010 SOC occupations;    |
   | however, some are not. In these cases, an estimate for a hybrid  |
   | OES-specific occupation was created from data reported for one   |
   | or more occupations in the 2000 SOC combined with data reported  |
   | for one or more 2010 SOC occupations. Some occupations have the  |
   | same title as a 2010 SOC occupation, but not the same content.   |
   | These occupations are marked with an asterisk (*) and given a    |
   | temporary code for the OES data. The May 2012 OES data will      |
   | reflect the full set of detailed occupations in the 2010 SOC.    |
   | For a list of all occupations, including 2010 SOC occupations,   |
   | and information on how data collected using two structures were  |
   | combined, see the OES Frequently Asked Questions online at       |
   | www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm#Ques41.                             |
   |                                                                  |
   | The May 2011 OES estimates are the last to be produced using the |
   | 2007 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). The  |
   | May 2012 estimates will be based on the 2012 NAICS.              |
   |                                                                  |
    ------------------------------------------------------------------




Technical Note

Scope of the survey

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail
survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and
salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. OES data
available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and
wage estimates for the nation; over 500 areas, including states and the
District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan
divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-
specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5-digit
industry levels; and national estimates by ownership across all
industries and for schools and hospitals.

The OES survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State
Workforce Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures
and technical support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most
of the data. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2
million establishments. Each year, forms are mailed to two semiannual
panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments, one panel in May
and the other in November. May 2011 estimates are based on responses from
six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2011, November
2010, May 2010, November 2009, May 2009, and November 2008. The overall
national response rate for the six panels is 77.3 percent based on
establishments and 73.3 percent based on employment. The unweighted
employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels
represents approximately 62.2 percent of total national employment.

The occupational coding system

The OES survey categorizes workers into nearly 800 detailed occupations
based on the Office of Management and Budget’s Standard Occupational
Classification (SOC) system; together, these detailed occupations make up
22 of the 23 SOC major occupational groups. Major group 55, Military
Specific Occupations, is not included. The May 2011 and May 2010 OES
estimates are based in part on data collected using the 2010 SOC system.
Previous estimates were based on the 2000 SOC.
   
Almost all the occupations in this release are 2010 SOC occupations;
however, some are not. In these cases, an estimate for a temporary
occupation was created from data reported for one or more occupations 
in the 2000 SOC combined with data reported for one or more 2010 SOC
occupations. Some occupations have the same title as a 2010 SOC
occupation, but not the same content. These occupations are marked with
an asterisk (*) and given a temporary code for the OES data. The May 2012
OES data will reflect the full set of detailed occupations in the 2010
SOC. For a list of all occupations, including 2010 SOC occupations, and
how data collected on two structures were combined, see the OES Frequently 
Asked Questions online at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm#Ques41.

For more information about the SOC system, please see the Bureau of Labor
Statistics website at www.bls.gov/soc/.

The industry coding system

The OES survey uses the 2007 North American Industry Classification
System (NAICS). For more information about NAICS, see the BLS website 
at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

The OES survey excludes the majority of the agricultural sector, with 
the exception of logging (NAICS 113310), support activities for crop
production (NAICS 1151), and support activities for animal production
(NAICS 1152). Private households (NAICS 814) also are excluded. OES
federal government data include the U.S. Postal Service and the federal
executive branch only. All other industries, including state and local
government, are covered by the survey.

The OES survey covers all full- and part-time wage and salary workers in
nonfarm industries. The survey does not include the self-employed, owners
and partners in unincorporated firms, household workers, or unpaid family
workers.

Survey sample

The OES survey draws its sample from state unemployment insurance (UI)
files. Supplemental sources are used for rail transportation (NAICS 4821)
and Guam because they do not report to the UI program. The OES survey
sample is stratified by metropolitan and nonmetropolitan area, industry,
and size.

To provide the most occupational coverage, larger employers are more
likely to be selected than smaller employers. An annual census is taken
of the executive branch of the federal government, the U.S. Postal
Service, and state government.

Concepts

Occupational employment is the estimate of total wage and salary
employment in an occupation. The OES survey defines employment as the
number of workers who can be classified as full- or part-time employees,
including workers on paid vacations or other types of paid leave; workers
on unpaid short-term absences; salaried officers, executives, and staff
members of incorporated firms; employees temporarily assigned to other
units; and employees for whom the reporting unit is their permanent duty
station, regardless of whether that unit prepares their paycheck.

Wages for the OES survey are straight-time, gross pay, exclusive of
premium pay. Base rate; cost-of-living allowances; guaranteed pay;
hazardous-duty pay; incentive pay, including commissions and production
bonuses; and tips are included. Excluded are overtime pay, severance pay,
shift differentials, nonproduction bonuses, employer cost for
supplementary benefits, and tuition reimbursements.

OES receives wage rate data for the federal government, the U.S. Postal
Service, and some state governments. For the remaining establishments,
the OES survey collects wage data in 12 intervals. For each occupation,
respondents are asked to report the number of employees paid within
specific wage intervals. The intervals are defined both as hourly rates
and the corresponding annual rates, where the annual rate for an
occupation is calculated by multiplying the hourly wage rate by a typical
work year of 2,080 hours. The responding establishments are instructed to
report the hourly rate for part-time workers, and to report annual rates
for occupations that are typically paid at an annual rate but do not work
2,080 hours per year, such as teachers, pilots, and flight attendants.
Other workers, such as some entertainment workers, are paid hourly rates,
but generally do not work 40 hours per week, year round. For these
workers, only an hourly wage is reported.

Estimation methodology

The OES survey is designed to produce estimates by combining six panels
of data collected over a 3-year period. Each OES panel includes
approximately 200,000 establishments. The full six-panel sample of nearly
1.2 million establishments allows the production of estimates at detailed
levels of geography, industry, and occupation.

Wage updating. Significant reductions in sampling errors are obtained by
combining six panels of data, particularly for small geographic areas and
occupations. Wages for the current panel need no adjustment. However,
wages in the five previous panels need to be updated to the current
panel's reference period.

The OES program uses the BLS Employment Cost Index (ECI) to adjust survey
data from prior panels before combining them with the current panel's
data. The wage updating procedure adjusts each detailed occupation's wage
rate, as measured in the earlier panel, according to the average movement
of its broader occupational division.

Imputation. About 20 percent of establishments do not respond for a given
panel. A "nearest neighbor" hot deck imputation procedure is used to
impute missing occupational employment totals. A variant of mean imputation 
is used to impute missing wage distributions.

Weighting and benchmarking. The sampled establishments are weighted to
represent all establishments for the reference period. Weights are
further adjusted by the ratio of employment totals (the average of
November 2010 and May 2011 employment) from the BLS Quarterly Census of
Employment and Wages to employment totals from the OES survey.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at
www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the
OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement
on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.




Table 1.  National employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey by occupation, May 2011

			Occupation                                                       Employment  	        Mean wages         Median hourly
                                                                                                    	   			       wages
                                                                                                    	    Hourly      Annual¹

All occupations                                                                          128,278,550	    $21.74 	$45,230 	$16.57 
															
Management occupations                                                                   6,183,820  	     51.64 	 107,410 	 44.65 
   Chief executives.................................................................     267,370    	     84.88 	 176,550 	 80.25 
   General and operations managers..................................................     1,805,030  	     55.04 	 114,490 	 45.74 
   Legislators......................................................................     62,180     	     (²) 	 38,860 	 (²) 
   Advertising and promotions managers..............................................     30,710     	     49.69 	 103,350 	 42.14 
   Marketing managers...............................................................     168,410    	     60.67 	 126,190 	 55.78 
   Sales managers...................................................................     328,230    	     56.18 	 116,860 	 48.87 
   Public relations and fundraising managers........................................     53,200     	     50.81 	 105,690 	 44.86 
															
   Administrative services managers.................................................     249,600    	     41.69 	 86,720 	 38.24 
   Computer and information systems managers........................................     300,830    	     60.41 	 125,660 	 56.74 
   Financial managers...............................................................     477,690    	     57.91 	 120,450 	 51.52 
   Industrial production managers...................................................     151,850    	     46.33 	 96,370 	 42.40 
   Purchasing managers..............................................................     66,990     	     49.57 	 103,110 	 46.70 
   Transportation, storage, and distribution managers...............................     92,150     	     42.23 	 87,830 	 38.87 
   Compensation and benefits managers...............................................     24,580     	     48.62 	 101,130 	 44.37 
   Human resources managers.........................................................     81,750     	     52.21 	 108,600 	 47.66 
   Training and development managers................................................     27,150     	     47.73 	 99,280 	 44.10 
															
   Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers...............................     3,340      	     33.66 	 70,010 	 31.09 
   Construction managers............................................................     195,000    	     45.14 	 93,900 	 40.50 
   Education administrators, preschool and childcare center/program.................     49,320     	     24.66 	 51,290 	 21.07 
   Education administrators, elementary and secondary school........................     222,810    	     (²) 	 90,200 	 (²) 
   Education administrators, postsecondary..........................................     113,620    	     46.72 	 97,170 	 40.52 
   Education administrators, all other..............................................     28,090     	     39.46 	 82,070 	 36.89 
   Architectural and engineering managers...........................................     184,530    	     62.19 	 129,350 	 58.75 
   Food service managers............................................................     183,940    	     25.30 	 52,620 	 23.13 
   Gaming managers..................................................................     3,570      	     35.95 	 74,780 	 32.32 
   Lodging managers.................................................................     29,870     	     26.49 	 55,100 	 22.81 
   Medical and health services managers.............................................     287,560    	     46.17 	 96,030 	 41.54 
   Natural sciences managers........................................................     47,510     	     61.65 	 128,230 	 55.18 
   Postmasters and mail superintendents.............................................     24,410     	     29.85 	 62,080 	 30.25 
   Property, real estate, and community association managers........................     152,380    	     30.36 	 63,150 	 25.24 
   Social and community service managers............................................     115,550    	     30.43 	 63,290 	 28.20 
   Emergency management directors...................................................     11,050     	     30.22 	 62,850 	 27.53 
   Managers, all other..............................................................     343,560    	     50.44 	 104,910 	 47.85 

Business and financial operations occupations                                            6,178,070  	     33.05 	 68,740 	 29.67 
   Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes................     11,950     	     44.35 	 92,250 	 31.15 
   Buyers and purchasing agents, farm products......................................     10,180     	     29.08 	 60,500 	 26.86 
   Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products................................     105,610    	     27.31 	 56,810 	 24.27 
   Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products...................     274,540    	     29.46 	 61,280 	 27.68 
   Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators...................................     263,810    	     29.38 	 61,110 	 28.52 
   Insurance appraisers, auto damage................................................     10,950     	     28.41 	 59,080 	 27.42 
   Compliance officers..............................................................     210,510    	     30.66 	 63,760 	 29.20 
   Cost estimators..................................................................     187,730    	     30.13 	 62,670 	 28.10 
   Farm labor contractors...........................................................     960        	     17.17 	 35,720 	 14.02 
   Human resources, training, and labor relations specialists, all other*...........     436,090    	     28.31 	 58,890 	 26.11 
   Logisticians.....................................................................     112,310    	     35.99 	 74,860 	 34.57 
   Management analysts..............................................................     538,950    	     42.30 	 87,980 	 37.74 
   Meeting, convention, and event planners*.........................................     64,020     	     23.96 	 49,840 	 22.13 
   Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists.............................     94,710     	     29.34 	 61,030 	 27.86 
   Training and development specialists.............................................     205,680    	     28.14 	 58,540 	 26.51 
   Market research analysts and marketing specialists*..............................     318,190    	     32.27 	 67,130 	 28.97 
   Business operations specialists, all other*......................................     967,250    	     33.21 	 69,070 	 30.78 
															
   Accountants and auditors.........................................................     1,085,150  	     33.72 	 70,130 	 30.22 
   Appraisers and assessors of real estate..........................................     60,930     	     26.18 	 54,460 	 23.49 
   Budget analysts..................................................................     57,110     	     34.35 	 71,450 	 33.22 
   Credit analysts..................................................................     59,140     	     33.48 	 69,640 	 29.20 
   Financial analysts...............................................................     226,340    	     42.18 	 87,740 	 36.37 
   Personal financial advisors......................................................     161,790    	     43.70 	 90,900 	 32.01 
   Insurance underwriters...........................................................     92,840     	     32.46 	 67,520 	 29.25 
   Financial examiners..............................................................     28,050     	     40.20 	 83,620 	 36.18 
   Credit counselors................................................................     29,400     	     20.16 	 41,940 	 18.48 
   Loan officers....................................................................     284,530    	     32.67 	 67,960 	 27.90 
   Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents.................................     67,970     	     26.67 	 55,480 	 24.10 
   Tax preparers....................................................................     59,180     	     18.95 	 39,410 	 15.54 
   Financial specialists, all other.................................................     152,200    	     31.59 	 65,700 	 28.76 
															
Computer and mathematical occupations                                                    3,406,720  	     37.85 	 78,730 	 36.10 
   Computer and information research scientists.....................................     25,160     	     49.59 	 103,160 	 48.59 
   Computer systems analysts........................................................     487,740    	     39.58 	 82,320 	 37.87 
   Computer programmers.............................................................     320,100    	     36.54 	 76,010 	 34.92 
   Software developers, applications................................................     539,880    	     44.27 	 92,080 	 42.92 
   Software developers, systems software............................................     387,050    	     48.28 	 100,420 	 46.44 
   Database administrators..........................................................     108,500    	     37.19 	 77,350 	 36.15 
   Network and computer systems administrators*.....................................     341,800    	     35.71 	 74,270 	 34.12 


			Occupation                                                       Employment  	        Mean wages         Median hourly
                                                                                                   	                	       wages
                                                                                                   	    Hourly      Annual¹ 
Computer and mathematical science occupations (Continued)
   Computer support specialists.....................................................     632,490   	    $24.91 	$51,820 	$22.91 
   Information security analysts, web developers, and computer network architects...     272,670   	     39.27 	 81,670 	 37.49 
   Computer occupations, all other*.................................................     177,630   	     38.70 	 80,500 	 38.43 
															
   Actuaries........................................................................     19,590    	     49.52 	 103,000 	 43.78 
   Mathematicians...................................................................     2,980     	     48.71 	 101,320 	 48.58 
   Operations research analysts.....................................................     65,030    	     37.90 	 78,840 	 34.59 
   Statisticians....................................................................     23,770    	     37.16 	 77,280 	 35.52 
   Mathematical technicians.........................................................     1,060     	     24.47 	 50,910 	 22.32 
   Mathematical science occupations, all other......................................     1,260     	     30.37 	 63,170 	 26.95 
															
Architecture and engineering occupations                                                 2,310,830  	     37.08 	 77,120 	 34.65 
   Architects, except landscape and naval...........................................     83,590    	     38.13 	 79,300 	 35.26 
   Landscape architects.............................................................     15,760    	     31.98 	 66,520 	 30.40 
   Cartographers and photogrammetrists..............................................     11,240    	     28.90 	 60,110 	 26.91 
   Surveyors........................................................................     42,020    	     28.24 	 58,740 	 26.73 
											   				
   Aerospace engineers..............................................................     79,400    	     49.94 	 103,870 	 49.24 
   Agricultural engineers...........................................................     2,650     	     37.69 	 78,400 	 35.88 
   Biomedical engineers.............................................................     16,590    	     42.48 	 88,360 	 40.71 
   Chemical engineers...............................................................     27,860    	     47.81 	 99,440 	 44.68 
   Civil engineers..................................................................     254,130   	     39.76 	 82,710 	 37.49 
   Computer hardware engineers......................................................     71,990    	     48.73 	 101,360 	 47.41 
   Electrical engineers.............................................................     154,250   	     42.88 	 89,200 	 41.31 
   Electronics engineers, except computer...........................................     136,310   	     45.51 	 94,670 	 43.99 
   Environmental engineers..........................................................     50,350    	     40.07 	 83,340 	 38.01 
   Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors.......     23,170    	     37.76 	 78,540 	 36.28 
   Industrial engineers.............................................................     211,490   	     38.39 	 79,840 	 37.13 
   Marine engineers and naval architects............................................     5,470     	     44.10 	 91,730 	 40.80 
   Materials engineers..............................................................     22,160    	     41.73 	 86,790 	 40.65 
   Mechanical engineers.............................................................     238,260   	     40.17 	 83,550 	 38.09 
   Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers...............     6,630     	     43.30 	 90,070 	 40.53 
   Nuclear engineers................................................................     18,430    	     50.56 	 105,160 	 49.01 
   Petroleum engineers..............................................................     30,880    	     66.82 	 138,980 	 58.79 
   Engineers, all other.............................................................     125,590   	     44.36 	 92,260 	 43.55 
											   				
   Architectural and civil drafters.................................................     85,740    	     24.11 	 50,160 	 22.72 
   Electrical and electronics drafters..............................................     28,010    	     27.52 	 57,240 	 26.19 
   Mechanical drafters..............................................................     64,090    	     25.07 	 52,150 	 23.65 
   Drafters, all other..............................................................     16,070    	     23.25 	 48,370 	 21.92 
   Aerospace engineering and operations technicians.................................     9,290     	     29.93 	 62,260 	 29.55 
   Civil engineering technicians....................................................     71,890    	     23.31 	 48,480 	 22.55 
   Electrical and electronics engineering technicians...............................     150,020   	     27.52 	 57,240 	 27.36 
   Electro-mechanical technicians...................................................     16,620    	     25.42 	 52,870 	 24.63 
   Environmental engineering technicians............................................     19,490    	     23.51 	 48,910 	 21.56 
   Industrial engineering technicians...............................................     63,030    	     24.93 	 51,850 	 23.60 
   Mechanical engineering technicians...............................................     44,760    	     25.39 	 52,810 	 24.69 
   Engineering technicians, except drafters, all other..............................     65,030    	     28.80 	 59,900 	 28.21 
   Surveying and mapping technicians................................................     48,590    	     20.22 	 42,050 	 18.92 
											   				
Life, physical, and social science occupations                                           1,082,370  	     32.44 	 67,470 	 28.52 
   Animal scientists................................................................     2,190     	     35.66 	 74,170 	 29.44 
   Food scientists and technologists................................................     12,040    	     30.85 	 64,170 	 28.05 
   Soil and plant scientists........................................................     11,860    	     30.72 	 63,890 	 28.34 
   Biochemists and biophysicists....................................................     25,160    	     42.13 	 87,640 	 38.09 
   Microbiologists..................................................................     17,660    	     34.48 	 71,720 	 31.36 
   Zoologists and wildlife biologists...............................................     18,380    	     29.75 	 61,880 	 27.60 
   Biological scientists, all other.................................................     31,550    	     35.12 	 73,050 	 34.03 
   Conservation scientists..........................................................     18,910    	     29.95 	 62,290 	 28.62 
   Foresters........................................................................     9,000     	     26.99 	 56,130 	 26.53 
   Epidemiologists..................................................................     4,610     	     33.49 	 69,660 	 30.87 
   Medical scientists, except epidemiologists.......................................     95,220    	     42.13 	 87,640 	 36.60 
   Life scientists, all other.......................................................     10,020    	     35.68 	 74,220 	 30.95 
											   				
   Astronomers......................................................................     2,080     	     48.86 	 101,630 	 45.91 
   Physicists.......................................................................     16,220    	     53.89 	 112,090 	 51.14 
   Atmospheric and space scientists.................................................     9,640     	     43.68 	 90,860 	 43.17 
   Chemists.........................................................................     80,040    	     35.95 	 74,780 	 33.54 
   Materials scientists.............................................................     7,900     	     41.64 	 86,600 	 40.67 
   Environmental scientists and specialists, including health.......................     83,090    	     33.08 	 68,810 	 30.25 
   Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers...............................     32,490    	     46.97 	 97,700 	 40.61 
   Hydrologists.....................................................................     6,960     	     38.01 	 79,070 	 36.39 
   Physical scientists, all other...................................................     25,790    	     46.29 	 96,290 	 45.67 
															
   Economists.......................................................................     14,270    	     48.20 	 100,270 	 43.54 
   Survey researchers...............................................................     17,060    	     22.95 	 47,740 	 19.30 
   Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists...................................     100,850   	     35.14 	 73,090 	 32.64 
   Industrial-organizational psychologists..........................................     1,230     	     59.69 	 124,160 	 45.54 
   Psychologists, all other.........................................................     10,580    	     41.27 	 85,830 	 43.27 
										         
										         
Life, physical, and social science occupations (Continued)			                             
   Sociologists.....................................................................     2,830   	    $38.20 	$79,460 	$35.42 
   Urban and regional planners......................................................     38,320              32.38 	 67,350 	 30.82 
   Anthropologists and archeologists................................................     5,370       	     28.39 	 59,040 	 26.95 
   Geographers......................................................................     1,430       	     35.66 	 74,170 	 35.94 
   Historians.......................................................................     3,190       	     27.70 	 57,610 	 25.18 
   Political scientists.............................................................     5,340       	     50.50 	 105,040 	 49.93 
   Social scientists and related workers, all other.................................     31,520      	     37.82 	 78,670 	 36.14 
															
   Agricultural and food science technicians........................................     17,150      	     17.38 	 36,150 	 16.13 
   Biological technicians...........................................................     72,140      	     20.33 	 42,290 	 18.98 
   Chemical technicians.............................................................     59,650      	     21.42 	 44,560 	 20.23 
   Geological and petroleum technicians.............................................     14,680      	     27.81 	 57,840 	 23.89 
   Nuclear technicians..............................................................     7,370       	     32.46 	 67,520 	 32.71 
   Social science research assistants...............................................     26,200      	     20.39 	 42,410 	 18.66 
   Environmental science and protection technicians, including health...............     30,320      	     21.76 	 45,270 	 20.32 
   Forensic science technicians.....................................................     12,560      	     26.76 	 55,660 	 25.09 
   Forest and conservation technicians..............................................     30,620      	     18.01 	 37,460 	 16.78 
   Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other........................     58,890      	     22.00 	 45,770 	 20.73 
															
Community and social service occupations                                                 1,890,410   	     21.07 	 43,830 	 19.17 
   Substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors...............................     76,600      	     19.73 	 41,030 	 18.54 
   Educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors.........................     244,560     	     27.18 	 56,540 	 26.02 
   Marriage and family therapists...................................................     33,990      	     23.42 	 48,710 	 22.23 
   Mental health counselors.........................................................     114,180     	     20.48 	 42,590 	 18.84 
   Rehabilitation counselors........................................................     110,690     	     17.82 	 37,070 	 16.22 
   Counselors, all other............................................................     27,140      	     21.56 	 44,850 	 20.21 
   Child, family, and school social workers.........................................     276,510     	     21.35 	 44,410 	 19.56 
   Healthcare social workers........................................................     133,890     	     24.28 	 50,500 	 23.37 
   Mental health and substance abuse social workers.................................     115,390     	     20.50 	 42,650 	 18.86 
   Social workers, all other........................................................     63,110      	     26.07 	 54,220 	 25.91 
   Health educators.................................................................     56,610      	     25.07 	 52,150 	 23.05 
   Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists........................     88,520      	     25.05 	 52,110 	 23.00 
   Social and human service assistants..............................................     359,860     	     14.77 	 30,710 	 13.82 
   Community and social service specialists, all other*.............................     121,580     	     19.83 	 41,250 	 18.19 
   Clergy...........................................................................     42,560      	     23.31 	 48,490 	 21.22 
   Directors, religious activities and education....................................     17,560      	     20.04 	 41,690 	 17.54 
   Religious workers, all other.....................................................     7,660       	     15.19 	 31,600 	 12.57 
															
Legal occupations                                                                        1,002,330   	     47.30 	 98,380 	 36.28 
   Lawyers..........................................................................     570,950     	     62.74 	 130,490 	 54.48 
   Judicial law clerks..............................................................     18,300      	     22.44 	 46,670 	 20.41 
   Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers....................     14,460      	     42.47 	 88,340 	 40.96 
   Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators.........................................     6,880       	     36.32 	 75,550 	 29.06 
   Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates.......................................     26,570      	     53.34 	 110,940 	 57.75 
   Paralegals and legal assistants*.................................................     252,250     	     24.02 	 49,960 	 22.47 
   Court reporters..................................................................     18,440      	     25.82 	 53,710 	 23.33 
   Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers......................................     49,760      	     21.56 	 44,850 	 19.60 
   Legal support workers, all other.................................................     44,720      	     28.88 	 60,070 	 25.19 
															
Education, training, and library occupations                                             8,409,060   	     24.46 	 50,870 	 22.14 
   Business teachers, postsecondary.................................................     82,090      	     (²) 	 86,620 	 (²) 
   Computer science teachers, postsecondary.........................................     33,510      	     (²) 	 80,460 	 (²) 
   Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary.....................................     53,650      	     (²) 	 74,460 	 (²) 
   Architecture teachers, postsecondary.............................................     7,060       	     (²) 	 79,600 	 (²) 
   Engineering teachers, postsecondary..............................................     33,660      	     (²) 	 97,260 	 (²) 
   Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary....................................     10,170      	     (²) 	 83,480 	 (²) 
   Biological science teachers, postsecondary.......................................     50,090      	     (²) 	 86,060 	 (²) 
   Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary........................     2,520       	     (²) 	 82,640 	 (²) 
   Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary...........     10,660      	     (²) 	 91,350 	 (²) 
   Chemistry teachers, postsecondary................................................     20,830      	     (²) 	 80,450 	 (²) 
   Environmental science teachers, postsecondary....................................     4,990       	     (²) 	 84,140 	 (²) 
   Physics teachers, postsecondary..................................................     13,630      	     (²) 	 86,730 	 (²) 
														
   Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary..............................     5,790       	     (²) 	 81,860 	 (²) 
   Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary.......................     9,250       	     (²) 	 79,840 	 (²) 
   Economics teachers, postsecondary................................................     13,300      	     (²) 	 94,450 	 (²) 
   Geography teachers, postsecondary................................................     4,280       	     (²) 	 72,300 	 (²) 
   Political science teachers, postsecondary........................................     17,260      	     (²) 	 80,980 	 (²) 
   Psychology teachers, postsecondary...............................................     37,540      	     (²) 	 74,890 	 (²) 
   Sociology teachers, postsecondary................................................     17,250      	     (²) 	 73,320 	 (²) 
   Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other...............................     9,230       	     (²) 	 82,750 	 (²) 
   Health specialties teachers, postsecondary.......................................     153,430     	     (²) 	 99,210 	 (²) 
   Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary..................................     55,930      	     (²) 	 67,810 	 (²) 
   Education teachers, postsecondary................................................     63,330      	     (²) 	 65,050 	 (²) 
   Library science teachers, postsecondary..........................................     4,410       	     (²) 	 69,870 	 (²) 
															
   Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary.....................     14,630      	     (²) 	 65,690 	 (²) 
   Law teachers, postsecondary......................................................     14,980      	     (²) 	 108,760 	 (²) 
   Social work teachers, postsecondary..............................................     9,970       	     (²) 	 71,030 	 (²) 
   Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary....................................     90,030      	     (²) 	 72,660 	 (²) 
                                                                                            

   Communications teachers, postsecondary...........................................     29,610 	     (²) 	$67,560 	 (²) 
   English language and literature teachers, postsecondary..........................     72,700 	     (²) 	 68,760 	 (²) 
   Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary..........................     29,010 	     (²) 	 66,720 	 (²) 
   History teachers, postsecondary..................................................     23,470 	     (²) 	 72,200 	 (²) 
   Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary..................................     21,930 	     (²) 	 71,620 	 (²) 
   Graduate teaching assistants.....................................................     110,130 	     (²) 	 33,180 	 (²) 
   Home economics teachers, postsecondary...........................................     5,490 	             (²) 	 68,080 	 (²) 
   Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary...........................     18,660 	     (²) 	 63,820 	 (²) 
   Vocational education teachers, postsecondary.....................................     125,160 	     25.71 	 53,480 	 23.46 
   Postsecondary teachers, all other................................................     182,130 	     (²) 	 74,360 	 (²) 
															
   Preschool teachers, except special education.....................................     349,430 	     14.50 	 30,150 	 12.80 
   Kindergarten teachers, except special education..................................     164,910 	     (²) 	 52,350 	 (²) 
   Elementary school teachers, except special education.............................     1,415,590 	     (²) 	 55,270 	 (²) 
   Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education............     642,820 	     (²) 	 55,780 	 (²) 
   Career/technical education teachers, middle school...............................     16,870 	     (²) 	 56,100 	 (²) 
   Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education.........     1,004,850 	     (²) 	 56,760 	 (²) 
   Career/technical education teachers, secondary school............................     88,210 	     (²) 	 56,330 	 (²) 
   Special education teachers, preschool, kindergarten, and elementary school*......     220,220 	     (²) 	 56,460 	 (²) 
   Special education teachers, middle school........................................     100,590 	     (²) 	 58,420 	 (²) 
   Special education teachers, secondary school.....................................     132,960 	     (²) 	 59,080 	 (²) 
   Adult basic and secondary education and literacy teachers and instructors........     67,770 	     24.69 	 51,350 	 22.77 
   Self-enrichment education teachers...............................................     169,200 	     19.75 	 41,070 	 17.36 
   Teachers and instructors, all other*.............................................     827,800 	     (²) 	 37,260 	 (²) 
															
   Archivists.......................................................................     5,460 	             24.11 	 50,140 	 22.48 
   Curators.........................................................................     10,340 	     25.74 	 53,540 	 23.46 
   Museum technicians and conservators..............................................     10,470 	     20.41 	 42,450 	 18.27 
   Librarians.......................................................................     145,710 	     27.41 	 57,020 	 26.59 
   Library technicians..............................................................     106,560 	     15.42 	 32,070 	 14.63 
   Audio-visual and multimedia collections specialists..............................     8,800 	             22.59 	 46,990 	 21.43 
   Farm and home management advisors................................................     10,500 	     22.84 	 47,510 	 21.84 
   Instructional coordinators.......................................................     130,230 	     29.67 	 61,720 	 28.50 
   Teacher assistants...............................................................     1,214,090 	     (²) 	 25,270 	 (²) 
   Education, training, and library workers, all other..............................     103,960 	     19.73 	 41,040 	 17.29 
															
Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations                               1,725,670 	     25.89 	 53,850 	 20.98 
   Art directors....................................................................     30,680 	     45.92 	 95,500 	 39.07 
   Craft artists....................................................................     4,810 		     15.51 	 32,270 	 12.82 
   Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators....................     11,830 	     25.67 	 53,400 	 21.44 
   Multimedia artists and animators.................................................     28,400 	     32.72 	 68,060 	 29.25 
   Artists and related workers, all other...........................................     7,250 		     29.58 	 61,520 	 27.91 
   Commercial and industrial designers..............................................     28,710 	     30.56 	 63,570 	 29.21 
   Fashion designers................................................................     16,010 	     35.54 	 73,930 	 31.10 
   Floral designers.................................................................     47,180 	     12.19 	 25,350 	 11.34 
   Graphic designers................................................................     191,550 	     23.41 	 48,690 	 21.16 
   Interior designers...............................................................     40,950 	     25.39 	 52,810 	 22.90 
   Merchandise displayers and window trimmers.......................................     67,290 	     13.70 	 28,500 	 12.59 
   Set and exhibit designers........................................................     8,510 		     26.39 	 54,890 	 23.31 
   Designers, all other.............................................................     8,070 	     	     24.83 	 51,640 	 21.92 
															
   Actors...........................................................................     60,830 	     33.82 	 (²) 	         19.14 
   Producers and directors..........................................................     82,880 	     44.34 	 92,220 	 33.97 
   Athletes and sports competitors..................................................     12,630 	     (²) 	 79,830 	 (²) 
   Coaches and scouts...............................................................     193,810 	     (²) 	 36,340 	 (²) 
   Umpires, referees, and other sports officials....................................     15,630 	     (²) 	 29,640 	 (²) 
   Dancers..........................................................................     11,240 	     19.53 	 (²) 	         15.06 
   Choreographers...................................................................     10,870 	     21.23 	 44,160 	 19.04 
   Music directors and composers....................................................     25,290 	     25.84 	 53,760 	 22.80 
   Musicians and singers............................................................     42,530 	     31.74 	 (²) 	         22.99 
   Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other...............     17,920 	     23.34 	 (²) 	         15.23 
													 		
   Radio and television announcers..................................................     31,680 	     19.47 	 40,510 	 13.12 
   Public address system and other announcers.......................................     7,770 		     19.17 	 39,870 	 12.50 
   Broadcast news analysts..........................................................     5,200 		     36.71 	 76,370 	 26.79 
   Reporters and correspondents.....................................................     45,270 	     20.98 	 43,640 	 16.76 
   Public relations specialists.....................................................     212,510 	     29.04 	 60,400 	 25.57 
   Editors..........................................................................     98,990 	     29.08 	 60,490 	 25.18 
   Technical writers................................................................     45,120 	     32.35 	 67,280 	 31.06 
   Writers and authors..............................................................     40,930 	     32.72 	 68,060 	 26.86 
   Interpreters and translators.....................................................     47,950 	     24.33 	 50,610 	 21.23 
   Media and communication workers, all other.......................................     23,610 	     25.34 	 52,700 	 20.95 
													 		
   Audio and video equipment technicians............................................     49,180 	     22.12 	 46,010 	 20.01 
   Broadcast technicians............................................................     30,360 	     20.41 	 42,450 	 17.58 
   Radio operators..................................................................     1,220 	 	     21.73 	 45,190 	 21.54 
   Sound engineering technicians....................................................     14,930 	     26.98 	 56,110 	 22.48 
   Photographers....................................................................     54,410 	     17.59 	 36,580 	 13.88 
   Camera operators, television, video, and motion picture..........................     16,270 	     23.77 	 49,430 	 19.31 
   Film and video editors...........................................................     20,730 	     32.06 	 66,690 	 25.45 


			Occupation                                                   Employment  	        Mean wages        Median hourly   
                                                                                                 	                              wages
										                 	    Hourly      Annual¹
Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations (Continued)
   Media and communication equipment workers, all other.............................     14,690    	    $33.45 	$69,570 	$33.25 
															
Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations                                       7,514,980 	     34.97 	 72,730 	 28.64 
   Chiropractors....................................................................     27,510    	     37.88 	 78,780 	 31.76 
   Dentists, general................................................................     90,950    	     77.76 	 161,750 	 68.62 
   Oral and maxillofacial surgeons..................................................     5,800     	     104.51 	 217,380 	 (³) 
   Orthodontists....................................................................     5,040     	     98.40 	 204,670 	 (³) 
   Prosthodontists..................................................................     560       	     62.89 	 130,820 	 52.55 
   Dentists, all other specialists..................................................     4,850     	     80.77 	 168,000 	 78.01 
   Dietitians and nutritionists.....................................................     56,130    	     26.66 	 55,460 	 26.19 
   Optometrists.....................................................................     27,950    	     51.79 	 107,720 	 45.53 
   Pharmacists......................................................................     272,320   	     53.92 	 112,160 	 54.51 
															
   Anesthesiologists................................................................     33,310    	     112.96 	 234,950 	 (³) 
   Family and general practitioners.................................................     101,800   	     85.26 	 177,330 	 80.29 
   Internists, general..............................................................     46,740    	     90.97 	 189,210 	 88.06 
   Obstetricians and gynecologists..................................................     20,540    	     105.10 	 218,610 	 (³) 
   Pediatricians, general...........................................................     29,640    	     81.08 	 168,650 	 76.04 
   Psychiatrists....................................................................     23,140    	     83.73 	 174,170 	 81.90 
   Surgeons.........................................................................     42,340    	     111.32 	 231,550 	 (³) 
   Physicians and surgeons, all other...............................................     305,590   	     88.78 	 184,650 	 (³) 
															
   Physician assistants.............................................................     83,540    	     43.01 	 89,470 	 42.62 
   Podiatrists......................................................................     9,210     	     64.36 	 133,870 	 57.33 
   Registered nurses*...............................................................     2,724,570 	     33.23 	 69,110 	 31.71 
   Occupational therapists..........................................................     103,570   	     36.05 	 74,970 	 35.49 
															
   Physical therapists..............................................................     185,440   	     38.38 	 79,830 	 37.63 
   Radiation therapists.............................................................     18,380    	     38.14 	 79,340 	 36.84 
   Recreational therapists..........................................................     19,650    	     20.65 	 42,940 	 19.74 
   Respiratory therapists...........................................................     113,980   	     27.05 	 56,260 	 26.56 
   Speech-language pathologists.....................................................     117,210   	     34.61 	 72,000 	 33.22 
   Therapists, all other*...........................................................     15,720    	     25.43 	 52,890 	 23.61 
															
   Veterinarians....................................................................     55,410    	     43.87 	 91,250 	 39.86 
   Audiologists.....................................................................     12,490    	     34.13 	 71,000 	 32.88 
   Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other..........................     32,300    	     40.24 	 83,710 	 33.98 
															
   Medical and clinical laboratory technologists....................................     165,220   	     27.94 	 58,120 	 27.41 
   Medical and clinical laboratory technicians......................................     156,860   	     18.73 	 38,960 	 17.76 
   Dental hygienists................................................................     184,110   	     33.54 	 69,760 	 33.31 
   Cardiovascular technologists and technicians.....................................     50,410    	     25.08 	 52,160 	 24.53 
   Diagnostic medical sonographers..................................................     54,760    	     31.63 	 65,800 	 31.35 
   Nuclear medicine technologists...................................................     21,200    	     33.64 	 69,960 	 33.39 
   Radiologic technologists and technicians*........................................     220,540   	     27.29 	 56,760 	 26.50 
   Emergency medical technicians and paramedics.....................................     229,340   	     16.36 	 34,030 	 14.77 
															
   Dietetic technicians.............................................................     23,490    	     14.04 	 29,200 	 12.85 
   Pharmacy technicians.............................................................     343,550   	     14.43 	 30,020 	 13.91 
   Psychiatric technicians..........................................................     69,840    	     15.08 	 31,370 	 13.69 
   Respiratory therapy technicians..................................................     13,940    	     22.76 	 47,330 	 22.28 
   Surgical technologists...........................................................     94,490    	     20.41 	 42,460 	 19.69 
   Veterinary technologists and technicians.........................................     78,800    	     15.18 	 31,570 	 14.49 
   Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses................................     729,140   	     20.21 	 42,040 	 19.79 
   Medical records and health information technicians...............................     180,280   	     17.27 	 35,920 	 16.01 
   Opticians, dispensing............................................................     60,680    	     16.70 	 34,750 	 15.91 
   Orthotists and prosthetists......................................................     6,860     	     34.13 	 71,000 	 31.37 
   Health technologists and technicians, all other*.................................     103,120   	     20.11 	 41,830 	 18.31 
   Occupational health and safety specialists.......................................     57,950    	     32.37 	 67,340 	 31.86 
   Occupational health and safety technicians.......................................     11,090    	     23.19 	 48,240 	 22.13 
   Athletic trainers................................................................     18,240    	     (²) 	 44,640 	 (²) 
   Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other*.......................     55,450    	     25.64 	 53,330 	 21.61 
											 				
Healthcare support occupations                                                           3,954,070 	     13.16 	 27,370 	 12.08 
   Home health aides................................................................     924,650   	     10.49 	 21,820 	 9.91 
   Nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants*........................................     1,466,700 	     12.22 	 25,420 	 11.63 
   Psychiatric aides................................................................     71,570    	     13.11 	 27,270 	 12.10 
   Occupational therapy assistants..................................................     29,130    	     25.07 	 52,150 	 25.02 
   Occupational therapy aides.......................................................     7,090     	     15.28 	 31,770 	 13.56 
   Physical therapist assistants....................................................     67,550    	     24.57 	 51,110 	 24.54 
   Physical therapist aides.........................................................     47,640    	     12.11 	 25,190 	 11.39 
   Massage therapists...............................................................     63,810    	     19.19 	 39,920 	 17.23 
   Dental assistants................................................................     296,810   	     16.70 	 34,740 	 16.42 
   Medical assistants...............................................................     539,220   	     14.51 	 30,170 	 13.99 
   Medical equipment preparers......................................................     49,560    	     14.99 	 31,180 	 14.45 
   Medical transcriptionists........................................................     76,570    	     16.37 	 34,050 	 16.10 
   Pharmacy aides...................................................................     45,130    	     11.23 	 23,350 	 10.56 
   Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers...........................     72,530    	     11.75 	 24,430 	 10.98 
   Healthcare support workers, all other*...........................................     196,100   	     15.50 	 32,240 	 14.80 
                                                                                                        
			Occupation                                                   Employment  	        Mean wages        Median hourly   
                                                                                                 	                              wages
										                 	    Hourly      Annual¹
										                 	    
Protective service occupations                                                           3,202,500 	    $20.54 	$42,730 	$17.66 
   First-line supervisors of correctional officers..................................     40,980	 	     28.26 	 58,780 	 26.46 
   First-line supervisors of police and detectives..................................     102,040 	     39.06 	 81,250 	 37.45 
   First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers...................     58,210 	     34.62 	 72,020 	 33.42 
   First-line supervisors of protective service workers, all other..................     55,910 	     23.37 	 48,620 	 22.32 
															
   Firefighters.....................................................................     304,080 	     22.94 	 47,720 	 21.84 
   Fire inspectors and investigators................................................     12,560 	     27.45 	 57,100 	 25.64 
   Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists................................     1,530 		     18.99 	 39,500 	 16.19 
															
   Bailiffs.........................................................................     16,730 	     19.79 	 41,160 	 18.72 
   Correctional officers and jailers................................................     448,740 	     20.82 	 43,300 	 18.75 
   Detectives and criminal investigators............................................     111,930 	     36.41 	 75,720 	 34.51 
   Fish and game wardens............................................................     7,180 		     26.77 	 55,670 	 24.07 
   Parking enforcement workers......................................................     9,310 		     17.35 	 36,090 	 16.99 
   Police and sheriff's patrol officers.............................................     636,410 	     27.05 	 56,260 	 26.07 
   Transit and railroad police......................................................     3,890 		     28.16 	 58,560 	 27.11 
															
   Animal control workers...........................................................     14,960 	     16.54 	 34,390 	 15.61 
   Private detectives and investigators.............................................     26,080 	     23.37 	 48,610 	 21.01 
   Gaming surveillance officers and gaming investigators............................     7,580 		     15.97 	 33,210 	 14.62 
   Security guards..................................................................     1,032,940 	     13.00 	 27,040 	 11.49 
   Crossing guards..................................................................     68,520 	     12.44 	 25,880 	 11.27 
   Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers........     123,140 	     10.02 	 20,850 	 9.09 
   Transportation security screeners* (federal only)................................     45,320 	     17.98 	 37,400 	 17.74 
   Protective service workers, all other *..........................................     74,470 	     16.69 	 34,720 	 15.05 
															
Food preparation and serving related occupations                                         11,218,710 	     10.30 	 21,430 	 9.09 
   Chefs and head cooks.............................................................     90,300 	     22.40 	 46,600 	 20.36 
   First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers...................     787,540 	     15.39 	 32,020 	 14.21 
   Cooks, fast food.................................................................     502,450 	     9.00 	 18,720 	 8.80 
   Cooks, institution and cafeteria.................................................     396,970 	     11.65 	 24,230 	 10.92 
   Cooks, private household.........................................................     370 		     14.94 	 31,080 	 13.52 
   Cooks, restaurant................................................................     947,060 	     11.25 	 23,410 	 10.61 
   Cooks, short order...............................................................     168,320 	     10.23 	 21,280 	 9.51 
   Cooks, all other.................................................................     20,700 	     11.99 	 24,930 	 10.96 
   Food preparation workers.........................................................     775,140 	     10.07 	 20,950 	 9.27 
															
   Bartenders.......................................................................     512,230 	     10.36 	 21,550 	 9.06 
   Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food...............     2,799,430 	     9.03 	 18,790 	 8.76 
   Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop..................     441,830 	     9.35 	 19,450 	 8.90 
   Waiters and waitresses...........................................................     2,289,010 	     10.05 	 20,890 	 8.93 
   Food servers, nonrestaurant......................................................     221,000 	     10.52 	 21,890 	 9.40 
   Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers.......................     391,290 	     9.40 	 19,540 	 8.86 
   Dishwashers......................................................................     504,280 	     9.06 	 18,840 	 8.83 
   Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop.........................     329,070 	     9.45 	 19,660 	 8.92 
   Food preparation and serving related workers, all other..........................     41,730 	     10.94 	 22,750 	 9.50 
															
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations                                4,191,750 	     12.29 	 25,560 	 10.87 
   First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers....................     171,960 	     18.16 	 37,760 	 16.94 
   First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers..     100,460 	     21.71 	 45,160 	 20.22 
   Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners....................     2,068,460 	     11.94 	 24,840 	 10.75 
   Maids and housekeeping cleaners..................................................     877,980 	     10.31 	 21,440 	 9.32 
   Building cleaning workers, all other.............................................     12,370 	     13.89 	 28,890 	 13.14 
   Pest control workers.............................................................     62,270 	     15.65 	 32,550 	 14.53 
   Landscaping and groundskeeping workers...........................................     821,750 	     12.33 	 25,650 	 11.26 
   Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation........................     23,540 	     15.24 	 31,690 	 14.42 
   Tree trimmers and pruners........................................................     38,530 	     15.85 	 32,970 	 15.06 
   Grounds maintenance workers, all other...........................................     14,430 	     14.07 	 29,270 	 12.07 
															
Personal care and service occupations                                                    3,619,250 	     11.84 	 24,620 	 9.96 
   Gaming supervisors...............................................................     23,080 	     23.82 	 49,540 	 23.47 
   Slot supervisors.................................................................     8,570 		     15.18 	 31,580 	 14.03 
   First-line supervisors of personal service workers...............................     136,520 	     18.50 	 38,480 	 16.94 
   Animal trainers..................................................................     10,530 	     14.67 	 30,510 	 12.49 
   Nonfarm animal caretakers........................................................     144,240 	     10.58 	 22,000 	 9.38 
															
   Gaming dealers...................................................................     88,370 	     10.54 	 21,930 	 8.87 
   Gaming and sports book writers and runners.......................................     12,800 	     11.65 	 24,240 	 10.25 
   Gaming service workers, all other................................................     10,270 	     12.24 	 25,450 	 10.61 
   Motion picture projectionists....................................................     8,890 		     10.67 	 22,200 	 9.78 
   Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers......................................     105,560 	     9.69 	 20,160 	 8.95 
   Amusement and recreation attendants..............................................     253,110 	     9.60 	 19,960 	 8.97 
   Costume attendants...............................................................     5,460 		     19.52 	 40,600 	 15.77 
   Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants..............................     18,410 	     10.35 	 21,520 	 9.26 
   Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other..........................     22,500 	     11.51 	 23,940 	 10.17 
															
   Embalmers........................................................................     6,360 		     21.66 	 45,060 	 21.06 
   Funeral attendants...............................................................     30,940 	     11.83 	 24,600 	 10.94 
   Funeral service managers, directors, morticians, and undertakers.................     29,760 	     29.55 	 61,460 	 25.38 


                       Occupation                                                      Employment  	        Mean wages           Median hourly  
                                                                                                 	                                 wages
										                 	    Hourly      Annual¹
Personal care and service occupations (Continued)
   Barbers..........................................................................     10,430 	    $13.49 	$28,050 	$11.63 
   Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists...................................     357,030 	     12.72 	 26,460 	 10.85 
   Makeup artists, theatrical and performance.......................................     2,040 		     30.63 	 63,710 	 25.52 
   Manicurists and pedicurists......................................................     56,270 	     10.46 	 21,760 	 9.35 
   Shampooers.......................................................................     13,240 	     9.20 	 19,130 	 8.86 
   Skincare specialists.............................................................     31,450 	     15.42 	 32,080 	 14.03 
															
   Baggage porters and bellhops.....................................................     44,130 	     11.49 	 23,910 	 10.04 
   Concierges.......................................................................     22,650 	     13.96 	 29,030 	 13.15 
   Tour guides and escorts..........................................................     30,730 	     12.82 	 26,660 	 11.36 
   Travel guides....................................................................     4,110	 	     15.91 	 33,090 	 14.74 
															
   Childcare workers................................................................   	 631,240 	     10.25 	 21,320 	 9.34 
   Personal care aides..............................................................   	 820,600 	     9.88 	 20,560 	 9.49 
   Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors........................................   	 231,500 	     17.38 	 36,150 	 14.92 
   Recreation workers...............................................................   	 301,840 	     12.18 	 25,330 	 10.64 
   Residential advisors.............................................................   	 76,450 	     12.72 	 26,460 	 11.80 
   Personal care and service workers, all other.....................................   	 70,170 	     11.10 	 23,100 	 9.84 
															
Sales and related occupations                                                          	 13,646,450 	     18.04 	 37,520 	 11.94 
   First-line supervisors of retail sales workers...................................   	 1,197,390 	     19.53 	 40,630 	 17.54 
   First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers...............................   	 235,630 	     39.62 	 82,400 	 33.91 
   Cashiers.........................................................................   	 3,314,870 	     9.73 	 20,230 	 9.05 
   Gaming change persons and booth cashiers.........................................   	 20,970 	     12.29 	 25,560 	 11.75 
															
   Counter and rental clerks........................................................     420,070 	     12.75 	 26,520 	 10.93 
   Parts salespersons...............................................................     208,800 	     15.38 	 32,000 	 14.11 
   Retail salespersons..............................................................     4,270,550 	     12.08 	 25,130 	 10.10 
															
   Advertising sales agents.........................................................   	 144,760 	     26.65 	 55,430 	 21.76 
   Insurance sales agents...........................................................   	 321,780 	     30.28 	 62,970 	 22.81 
   Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents.....................   	 307,020 	     47.50 	 98,810 	 34.64 
   Travel agents....................................................................   	 67,490 	     17.18 	 35,740 	 16.31 
   Sales representatives, services, all other.......................................   	 596,480 	     29.01 	 60,340 	 24.34 
   Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific						
          products..................................................................   	 375,500 	     41.23 	 85,750 	 35.94 
   Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical							
          and scientific products...................................................   	 1,390,480 	     30.54 	 63,520 	 25.74 
															
   Demonstrators and product promoters..............................................   	 72,620 	     13.66 	 28,410 	 11.43 
   Models...........................................................................   	 2,760 	    	     13.38 	 27,830 	 8.97 
   Real estate brokers..............................................................   	 38,200 	     40.31 	 83,830 	 28.53 
   Real estate sales agents.........................................................   	 158,340 	     24.60 	 51,170 	 18.79 
   Sales engineers..................................................................   	 65,580 	     46.79 	 97,320 	 42.95 
   Telemarketers....................................................................   	 258,060 	     12.46 	 25,920 	 10.83 
   Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers.........   	 6,910 	    	     13.27 	 27,600 	 10.66 
   Sales and related workers, all other*............................................   	 172,170 	     19.19 	 39,920 	 15.58 
															
Office and administrative support occupations                                          	 21,384,330 	     16.40 	 34,120 	 15.02 
   First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers..............   	 1,364,720 	     25.16 	 52,330 	 23.47 
   Switchboard operators, including answering service...............................   	 132,680 	     12.84 	 26,710 	 12.18 
   Telephone operators..............................................................   	 14,890 	     16.48 	 34,270 	 15.74 
   Communications equipment operators, all other....................................   	 2,580 	             19.62 	 40,800 	 18.57 
															
   Bill and account collectors......................................................   	 390,800 	     16.24 	 33,770 	 15.35 
   Billing and posting clerks.......................................................   	 485,820 	     16.31 	 33,920 	 15.81 
   Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks.....................................   	 1,643,470 	     17.37 	 36,120 	 16.70 
   Gaming cage workers..............................................................   	 15,690 	     12.82 	 26,670 	 12.30 
   Payroll and timekeeping clerks...................................................   	 176,320 	     18.31 	 38,080 	 17.87 
   Procurement clerks...............................................................   	 70,540 	     18.24 	 37,940 	 18.10 
   Tellers..........................................................................   	 544,150 	     12.27 	 25,510 	 11.82 
															
   Brokerage clerks.................................................................   	 60,720 	     21.06 	 43,800 	 20.08 
   Correspondence clerks............................................................   	 8,680 	             17.04 	 35,450 	 16.51 
   Court, municipal, and license clerks.............................................   	 121,290 	     17.50 	 36,390 	 16.49 
   Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks.........................................   	 51,240 	     17.21 	 35,790 	 16.13 
   Customer service representatives.................................................   	 2,212,820 	     15.92 	 33,120 	 14.72 
   Eligibility interviewers, government programs....................................   	 120,610 	     19.95 	 41,490 	 19.74 
   File clerks......................................................................   	 165,250 	     13.20 	 27,460 	 12.32 
   Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks.............................................   	 224,430 	     10.46 	 21,760 	 9.68 
															
   Interviewers, except eligibility and loan........................................   	 200,150 	     14.91 	 31,010 	 14.21 
   Library assistants, clerical.....................................................   	 109,440 	     12.30 	 25,570 	 11.27 
   Loan interviewers and clerks.....................................................   	 186,240 	     17.21 	 35,810 	 16.74 
   New accounts clerks..............................................................   	 60,830 	     15.56 	 32,360 	 14.92 
   Order clerks.....................................................................   	 215,390 	     14.76 	 30,690 	 13.91 
   Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping.......................   	 145,780 	     18.43 	 38,330 	 17.91 
   Receptionists and information clerks.............................................   	 973,800 	     12.85 	 26,730 	 12.35 


                          Occupation                                                    Employment  	        Mean wages        Median hourly   
                                                                                                 	                              wages
										                 	    Hourly      Annual¹
Office and administrative support occupations (Continued)
   Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks...................     126,790 	    $16.19 	$33,670 	$16.01 
   Information and record clerks, all other.........................................     192,910 	     18.35 	 38,180 	 18.16 
															
   Cargo and freight agents.........................................................     80,570 	     19.56 	 40,680 	 18.37 
   Couriers and messengers..........................................................     83,250 	     12.79 	 26,600 	 11.90 
   Police, fire, and ambulance dispatchers..........................................     97,100 	     18.01 	 37,460 	 17.27 
   Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance..................................     182,310 	     18.23 	 37,910 	 16.92 
   Meter readers, utilities.........................................................     40,630 	     18.17 	 37,800 	 17.02 
   Postal service clerks............................................................     65,040 	     25.41 	 52,860 	 25.53 
   Postal service mail carriers.....................................................     315,330 	     24.71 	 51,390 	 26.52 
   Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators........     139,700 	     23.26 	 48,380 	 25.52 
   Production, planning, and expediting clerks......................................     272,910 	     21.59 	 44,900 	 20.72 
   Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks..........................................     687,940 	     14.65 	 30,480 	 13.84 
   Stock clerks and order fillers...................................................     1,782,800 	     11.66 	 24,250 	 10.52 
   Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping.......................     68,090 	     14.07 	 29,270 	 13.17 
															
   Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants....................     952,030 	     23.13 	 48,120 	 21.91 
   Legal secretaries................................................................     220,680 	     21.30 	 44,310 	 20.41 
   Medical secretaries..............................................................     502,850 	     15.59 	 32,430 	 14.93 
   Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive..     1,955,570 	     15.87 	 33,020 	 15.32 
															
   Computer operators...............................................................     77,280 	     18.89 	 39,280 	 18.26 
   Data entry keyers................................................................     211,200 	     13.95 	 29,010 	 13.32 
   Word processors and typists......................................................     96,330 	     16.94 	 35,240 	 16.47 
   Desktop publishers...............................................................     18,620 	     18.77 	 39,030 	 17.69 
   Insurance claims and policy processing clerks....................................     218,630 	     17.72 	 36,850 	 16.93 
   Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service....................     115,010 	     13.47 	 28,010 	 12.79 
   Office clerks, general...........................................................     2,828,140 	     13.90 	 28,920 	 13.07 
   Office machine operators, except computer........................................     66,280 	     14.03 	 29,190 	 13.26 
   Proofreaders and copy markers....................................................     11,270 	     16.47 	 34,260 	 15.35 
   Statistical assistants...........................................................     14,780 	     19.49 	 40,540 	 18.54 
   Office and administrative support workers, all other*............................     261,990 	     16.07 	 33,420 	 14.96 
															
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                                               409,590 	     11.68 	 24,300 	 9.36 
   First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers.................     18,920 	     21.97 	 45,690 	 20.48 
   Agricultural inspectors..........................................................     13,780 	     20.25 	 42,120 	 19.90 
   Animal breeders..................................................................     1,460 	             18.11 	 37,670 	 16.79 
   Graders and sorters, agricultural products.......................................     40,970 	     9.95 	 20,690 	 9.17 
   Agricultural equipment operators.................................................     22,680 	     12.90 	 26,830 	 12.13 
   Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse..........................     233,280 	     9.62 	 20,020 	 8.99 
   Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals...............................     29,790 	     11.60 	 24,130 	 10.62 
   Agricultural workers, all other..................................................     6,710 		     13.91 	 28,940 	 12.16 
   Fishers and related fishing workers..............................................     640 		     14.53 	 30,220 	 12.98 
   Forest and conservation workers..................................................     8,250 		     13.07 	 27,180 	 11.20 
   Fallers..........................................................................     5,020 		     20.49 	 42,620 	 17.77 
   Logging equipment operators......................................................     22,470 	     16.40 	 34,110 	 16.03 
   Log graders and scalers..........................................................     2,810 		     16.11 	 33,500 	 15.60 
   Logging workers, all other.......................................................     2,760 		     16.23 	 33,760 	 16.28 
															
Construction and extraction occupations                                                  4,956,770 	     21.46 	 44,630 	 19.15 
   First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers.............     459,830 	     30.25 	 62,910 	 28.44 
   Boilermakers.....................................................................     18,850 	     27.23 	 56,650 	 27.36 
   Brickmasons and blockmasons......................................................     62,560 	     24.40 	 50,760 	 22.50 
   Stonemasons......................................................................     11,950 	     18.96 	 39,430 	 17.62 
   Carpenters.......................................................................     578,910 	     21.31 	 44,330 	 19.24 
   Carpet installers................................................................     24,670 	     19.55 	 40,650 	 17.67 
   Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles................................     9,660 		     18.67 	 38,830 	 17.00 
   Floor sanders and finishers......................................................     4,970 	  	     16.82 	 34,990 	 16.04 
   Tile and marble setters..........................................................     28,630 	     19.65 	 40,860 	 17.83 
   Cement masons and concrete finishers.............................................     135,330 	     18.93 	 39,370 	 17.11 
   Terrazzo workers and finishers...................................................     3,500 		     20.99 	 43,660 	 19.83 
   Construction laborers............................................................     779,370 	     16.43 	 34,170 	 14.30 
   Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators...............................     54,120 	     18.99 	 39,500 	 16.96 
   Pile-driver operators............................................................     3,830 		     25.07 	 52,140 	 21.88 
   Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators...................     335,410 	     21.98 	 45,720 	 19.96 
   Drywall and ceiling tile installers..............................................     75,520 	     20.01 	 41,620 	 17.78 
   Tapers...........................................................................     15,340 	     23.51 	 48,900 	 21.59 
															
   Electricians.....................................................................     512,290 	     25.44 	 52,910 	 23.71 
   Glaziers.........................................................................     41,960 	     20.01 	 41,620 	 17.96 
   Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall.....................................     24,170 	     17.71 	 36,840 	 15.59 
   Insulation workers, mechanical...................................................     28,600 	     20.78 	 43,220 	 18.27 
   Painters, construction and maintenance...........................................     184,820 	     18.67 	 38,830 	 17.04 
   Paperhangers.....................................................................     4,230 	  	     20.10 	 41,810 	 18.16 
   Pipelayers.......................................................................     43,570 	     18.98 	 39,470 	 17.26 
   Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters..........................................     349,320 	     24.92 	 51,830 	 22.96 
   Plasterers and stucco masons.....................................................     22,810 	     20.07 	 41,750 	 17.71 
   Reinforcing iron and rebar workers...............................................     15,730 	     21.83 	 45,400 	 18.27 
   Roofers..........................................................................     95,840 	     18.54 	 38,570 	 16.96 


			Occupation                                                    Employment  	        Mean wages        Median hourly  
                                                                                                 	                              wages
										                 	    Hourly      Annual¹
Construction and extraction occupations (Continued)
   Sheet metal workers..............................................................     130,670 	    $22.37 	$46,530 	$20.55 
   Structural iron and steel workers................................................     56,920 	     24.11 	 50,160 	 21.97 
															
   Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters......     26,750 	     14.65 	 30,470 	 13.38 
   Helpers--carpenters..............................................................     40,160 	     13.20 	 27,470 	 12.69 
   Helpers--electricians............................................................     65,300 	     13.84 	 28,780 	 13.28 
   Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons...................     10,980 	     12.25 	 25,490 	 11.30 
   Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters.....................     51,420 	     13.66 	 28,420 	 12.99 
   Helpers--roofers.................................................................     12,540 	     11.99 	 24,930 	 11.18 
   Helpers, construction trades, all other..........................................     19,020 	     13.14 	 27,340 	 12.17 
													  		
   Construction and building inspectors.............................................     89,620 	     26.43 	 54,970 	 25.57 
   Elevator installers and repairers................................................     20,440 	     35.37 	 73,560 	 36.09 
   Fence erectors...................................................................     21,000 	     15.31 	 31,850 	 14.22 
   Hazardous materials removal workers..............................................     36,270 	     20.07 	 41,750 	 18.33 
   Highway maintenance workers......................................................     143,760 	     17.47 	 36,340 	 16.93 
   Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators............................     15,590 	     21.78 	 45,300 	 21.64 
   Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners....................................     24,940 	     17.13 	 35,630 	 16.22 
   Segmental pavers.................................................................     1,330 		     16.27 	 33,850 	 15.55 
   Construction and related workers, all other*.....................................     39,160 	     18.39 	 38,250 	 16.92 
															
   Derrick operators, oil and gas...................................................     19,480 	     22.66 	 47,120 	 21.74 
   Rotary drill operators, oil and gas..............................................     21,650 	     28.15 	 58,540 	 24.67 
   Service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining.....................................     46,880 	     21.48 	 44,670 	 19.59 
   Earth drillers, except oil and gas...............................................     17,020 	     20.62 	 42,900 	 19.33 
   Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters......................     5,210 		     22.62 	 47,040 	 21.81 
   Continuous mining machine operators..............................................     12,280 	     23.88 	 49,680 	 24.33 
   Mine cutting and channeling machine operators....................................     5,850 		     22.58 	 46,960 	 23.60 
   Mining machine operators, all other..............................................     2,980 		     22.01 	 45,790 	 21.94 
   Rock splitters, quarry...........................................................     3,600 	  	     16.31 	 33,920 	 15.63 
   Roof bolters, mining.............................................................     6,060 	  	     25.52 	 53,090 	 25.54 
   Roustabouts, oil and gas.........................................................     51,540 	     16.67 	 34,680 	 15.86 
   Helpers--extraction workers......................................................     23,970 	     17.36 	 36,110 	 15.80 
   Extraction workers, all other....................................................     8,590 		     19.47 	 40,500 	 19.25 
													 		
Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations                                        4,988,980 	     20.86 	 43,390 	 19.52 
   First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers...................     418,530 	     29.90 	 62,190 	 28.77 
   Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers.........................     111,690 	     18.44 	 38,360 	 17.48 
   Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairs......................     12,920 	     21.27 	 44,250 	 20.27 
   Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers....     199,240 	     25.42 	 52,870 	 25.94 
   Avionics technicians.............................................................     17,070 	     26.15 	 54,390 	 26.31 
   Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers................................     18,710 	     18.30 	 38,050 	 17.26 
   Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment....     14,410 	     25.04 	 52,080 	 23.95 
   Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment........     67,220 	     25.20 	 52,420 	 25.16 
   Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay..........     23,850 	     31.71 	 65,950 	 32.43 
   Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles....................     13,610 	     15.81 	 32,890 	 14.52 
   Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers.................     27,580 	     17.48 	 36,360 	 16.57 
   Security and fire alarm systems installers.......................................     56,330 	     20.24 	 42,110 	 19.01 
															
   Aircraft mechanics and service technicians.......................................     117,320 	     26.20 	 54,500 	 26.25 
   Automotive body and related repairers............................................     131,040 	     19.99 	 41,570 	 18.36 
   Automotive glass installers and repairers........................................     13,690 	     16.52 	 34,360 	 16.21 
   Automotive service technicians and mechanics.....................................     589,750 	     18.54 	 38,560 	 17.39 
   Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists............................     222,940 	     20.63 	 42,910 	 20.02 
   Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians.................................     32,100 	     16.92 	 35,190 	 16.46 
   Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines.................................     109,810 	     22.48 	 46,770 	 21.92 
   Rail car repairers...............................................................     19,480 	     22.50 	 46,800 	 22.95 
   Motorboat mechanics and service technicians......................................     16,770 	     17.87 	 37,170 	 17.08 
   Motorcycle mechanics.............................................................     15,010 	     16.44 	 34,190 	 15.58 
   Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics.........................     26,610 	     15.06 	 31,330 	 14.52 
   Bicycle repairers................................................................     9,950 		     11.76 	 24,460 	 11.16 
   Recreational vehicle service technicians.........................................     10,110 	     17.26 	 35,900 	 16.35 
   Tire repairers and changers......................................................     94,740 	     12.19 	 25,350 	 11.27 
													 		
   Mechanical door repairers........................................................     14,620 	     18.71 	 38,920 	 17.62 
   Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door...............     42,450 	     24.40 	 50,740 	 23.85 
   Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers............     231,160 	     21.89 	 45,540 	 20.86 
   Home appliance repairers.........................................................     34,770 	     17.97 	 37,370 	 17.04 
   Industrial machinery mechanics...................................................     292,470 	     23.09 	 48,030 	 22.25 
   Maintenance workers, machinery...................................................     77,980 	     19.77 	 41,110 	 18.98 
   Millwrights......................................................................     37,730 	     24.35 	 50,650 	 23.69 
   Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons...............................     2,040	 	     21.57 	 44,860 	 20.53 
   Electrical power-line installers and repairers...................................     105,570 	     28.58 	 59,450 	 28.94 
   Telecommunications line installers and repairers.................................     148,930 	     24.68 	 51,330 	 24.87 
   Camera and photographic equipment repairers......................................     2,650 		     20.07 	 41,750 	 17.86 
   Medical equipment repairers......................................................     34,710 	     22.60 	 47,010 	 21.57 
   Musical instrument repairers and tuners..........................................     6,850 	             16.27 	 33,850 	 14.95 
   Watch repairers..................................................................     2,480               19.51 	 40,590 	 18.82 
   Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other..........................     12,230 	     24.99 	 51,970 	 24.87 
   Maintenance and repair workers, general..........................................     1,225,450 	     17.75 	 36,930 	 16.84 


                               Occupation                                               Employment  	        Mean wages        Median hourly   
                                                                                                 	                              wages
										                 	    Hourly      Annual¹
Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations (Continued)
   Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers.....................     36,940 	    $15.58 	$32,400 	$14.82 
   Commercial divers................................................................     3,760 	  	     28.19 	 58,640 	 25.26 
   Fabric menders, except garment...................................................     760 		     14.22 	 29,580 	 13.45 
   Locksmiths and safe repairers....................................................     16,200 	     18.50 	 38,490 	 17.63 
   Manufactured building and mobile home installers.................................     4,320 	             14.59 	 30,350 	 13.70 
   Riggers..........................................................................     13,750 	     21.39 	 44,480 	 20.68 
   Signal and track switch repairers................................................     8,300 	             26.06 	 54,210 	 26.25 
   Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers...........................     122,820 	     12.78 	 26,580 	 11.57 
   Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other*........................     119,580 	     19.07 	 39,670 	 17.65 
													 		
Production occupations                                                                   8,365,980 	     16.45 	 34,220 	 14.74 
   First-line supervisors of production and operating workers.......................     559,350 	     27.35 	 56,890 	 25.80 
   Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers....................     36,570 	     23.23 	 48,310 	 22.22 
   Coil winders, tapers, and finishers..............................................     13,670 	     14.98 	 31,150 	 14.15 
   Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers...................................     187,920 	     15.04 	 31,290 	 13.96 
   Electromechanical equipment assemblers...........................................     50,320 	     15.77 	 32,800 	 15.26 
   Engine and other machine assemblers..............................................     36,670 	     18.86 	 39,230 	 17.51 
   Structural metal fabricators and fitters.........................................     76,050 	     17.63 	 36,670 	 16.91 
   Fiberglass laminators and fabricators............................................     19,070 	     14.16 	 29,440 	 13.72 
   Team assemblers..................................................................     952,300 	     14.30 	 29,740 	 13.22 
   Timing device assemblers and adjusters...........................................     1,000 	             15.20 	 31,620 	 14.36 
   Assemblers and fabricators, all other............................................     265,260 	     14.16 	 29,450 	 12.56 
													 		
   Bakers...........................................................................     149,910 	     12.10 	 25,160 	 11.18 
   Butchers and meat cutters........................................................     130,720 	     14.43 	 30,000 	 13.68 
   Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers.....................................     164,650 	     11.44 	 23,800 	 10.92 
   Slaughterers and meat packers....................................................     80,110 	     11.63 	 24,190 	 11.30 
   Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders......     18,890 	     14.01 	 29,140 	 13.26 
   Food batchmakers.................................................................     100,210 	     13.26 	 27,580 	 12.23 
   Food cooking machine operators and tenders.......................................     31,020 	     12.89 	 26,820 	 11.79 
													 		
   Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic....................     128,870 	     17.56 	 36,520 	 16.93 
   Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic......     20,370 	     23.30 	 48,460 	 22.06 
   Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.     75,170 	     16.40 	 34,120 	 15.53 
   Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............     21,790 	     16.77 	 34,890 	 16.54 
   Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............     35,180 	     18.16 	 37,780 	 17.75 
   Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders,				 		
          metal and plastic.........................................................     181,160 	     14.97 	 31,140 	 14.29 
   Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic    21,560 	     17.02 	 35,410 	 16.11 
   Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders		 		
          metal and plastic.........................................................     70,450 	     15.79 	 32,840 	 15.04 
   Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic     39,930 	     17.89 	 37,210 	 17.34 
													 		
   Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...     21,700 	     18.03 	 37,510 	 17.37 
   Machinists.......................................................................     368,510 	     19.48 	 40,520 	 18.86 
   Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders.....................................     18,050 	     19.27 	 40,070 	 18.60 
   Pourers and casters, metal.......................................................     11,070 	     17.08 	 35,520 	 16.41 
   Model makers, metal and plastic..................................................     5,780 	             22.34 	 46,460 	 21.56 
   Patternmakers, metal and plastic.................................................     4,290 	             19.94 	 41,470 	 19.21 
   Foundry mold and coremakers......................................................     11,680 	     15.28 	 31,790 	 14.81 
   Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders,				 		
          metal and plastic.........................................................     118,300 	    14.61 	 30,380 	 13.69 
   Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.........     77,290 	    16.61 	 34,550 	 15.97 
												 	 	
   Tool and die makers..............................................................     70,320 	    23.16 	 48,170 	 22.43 
   Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers.........................................     316,290 	    18.23 	 37,920 	 17.27 
   Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders..........     40,350 	    17.36 	 36,120 	 16.72 
   Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.......     20,770 	    16.89 	 35,130 	 16.15 
   Layout workers, metal and plastic................................................     9,600   	    19.23 	 39,990 	 19.17 
   Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...     31,150 	    15.36 	 31,960 	 14.25 
   Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners............................................     11,860 	    17.15 	 35,670 	 16.62 
   Metal workers and plastic workers, all other.....................................     21,720 	    16.79 	 34,910 	 15.16 
													 		
   Prepress technicians and workers.................................................     43,430 	    18.69 	 38,870 	 17.82 
   Printing press operators.........................................................     179,220 	    17.19 	 35,760 	 16.49 
   Print binding and finishing workers..............................................     53,980 	    14.98 	 31,150 	 14.15 
													 		
   Laundry and dry-cleaning workers.................................................     201,180 	    10.28 	 21,380 	 9.46 
   Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials................................     52,790 	    9.87 	 20,530 	 9.35 
   Sewing machine operators.........................................................     142,860 	    11.10 	 23,080 	 10.15 
   Shoe and leather workers and repairers...........................................     5,360 	            12.35 	 25,680 	 11.26 
   Shoe machine operators and tenders...............................................     3,510 	            12.75 	 26,520 	 12.18 
   Sewers, hand.....................................................................     5,460 	            12.30 	 25,590 	 11.32 
   Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers..........................................     25,530 	    13.85 	 28,800 	 12.60 
   Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders.......................     11,870 	    12.01 	 24,980 	 11.22 
   Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders..........................     15,980 	    12.20 	 25,380 	 11.39 
   Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders.............     21,160 	    12.86 	 26,760 	 12.55 
   Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders    27,400 	    12.72 	 26,460 	 12.66 
													  
													 
                               Occupation                                               Employment  	         Mean wages        Median hourly   
                                                                                                 	                              wages
										                 	     Hourly      Annual¹
Production occupations (Continued)									 
   Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic				 
          and glass fibers..........................................................       16,050 	    $15.43 	$32,100 	$15.27 
   Fabric and apparel patternmakers.................................................       6,410 	     21.47 	 44,650 	 19.14 
   Upholsterers.....................................................................       28,260 	     15.21 	 31,640 	 14.31 
   Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other.............................       13,980 	     13.87 	 28,850 	 12.05 
													  		
   Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters...............................................       81,260 	     15.49 	 32,220 	 14.68 
   Furniture finishers..............................................................       14,850 	     14.29 	 29,720 	 13.63 
   Model makers, wood...............................................................       1,370 	     16.79 	 34,930 	 13.82 
   Patternmakers, wood..............................................................       820 	  	     19.54 	 40,630 	 18.69 
   Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood.............................       37,620 	     13.19 	 27,440 	 12.60 
   Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing...............       58,730 	     13.54 	 28,160 	 13.02 
   Woodworkers, all other...........................................................       7,600 	     13.84 	 28,790 	 12.05 
													  		
   Nuclear power reactor operators..................................................       6,240 	     37.28 	 77,550 	 36.82 
   Power distributors and dispatchers...............................................       11,600 	     34.79 	 72,360 	 33.99 
   Power plant operators............................................................       39,980 	     30.97 	 64,420 	 31.38 
   Stationary engineers and boiler operators........................................       34,580 	     25.87 	 53,800 	 25.52 
   Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators........................       109,190 	     20.93 	 43,530 	 20.09 
   Chemical plant and system operators..............................................       40,580 	     26.40 	 54,920 	 26.90 
   Gas plant operators..............................................................       11,750 	     28.78 	 59,870 	 28.63 
   Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers.................       41,570 	     28.99 	 60,290 	 29.45 
   Plant and system operators, all other............................................       11,740 	     25.46 	 52,960 	 25.58 
													 		
   Chemical equipment operators and tenders.........................................       49,020 	     22.33 	 46,440 	 21.90 
   Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, 		 		
          and tenders...............................................................       39,660 	     18.70 	 38,910 	 18.14 
   Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders........       31,540 	     16.21 	 33,720 	 15.57 
   Grinding and polishing workers, hand.............................................       27,630 	     13.80 	 28,710 	 13.18 
   Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders......................       118,700 	     16.80 	 34,930 	 16.15 
   Cutters and trimmers, hand.......................................................       14,670 	     12.75 	 26,510 	 11.83 
   Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders......................       59,430 	     15.27 	 31,760 	 14.82 
   Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders    66,330 	     15.85 	 32,960 	 14.99 
   Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders.....................       18,940 	     17.63 	 36,680 	 16.96 
   Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers.............................       434,170 	     17.64 	 36,690 	 16.36 
   Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers....................................       21,640 	     18.37 	 38,200 	 16.36 
   Dental laboratory technicians....................................................       37,600 	     18.54 	 38,550 	 17.11 
   Medical appliance technicians....................................................       13,390 	     18.12 	 37,680 	 17.13 
   Ophthalmic laboratory technicians................................................       27,630 	     14.38 	 29,920 	 13.82 
													 		
   Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders..............................       354,810 	     13.44 	 27,950 	 12.32 
   Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders..........       77,090 	     15.10 	 31,410 	 14.43 
   Painters, transportation equipment...............................................       44,730 	     20.69 	 43,040 	 19.04 
   Painting, coating, and decorating workers........................................       19,370 	     13.21 	 27,480 	 12.34 
   Semiconductor processors.........................................................       22,070 	     16.45 	 34,220 	 15.64 
   Photographic process workers and processing machine operators....................       50,570 	     12.39 	 25,770 	 10.99 
													 		
   Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders...................................       16,040 	     14.90 	 30,990 	 14.22 
   Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders............       16,430 	     13.67 	 28,420 	 12.67 
   Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders.............................       8,080 	     14.93 	 31,060 	 14.04 
   Etchers and engravers............................................................       8,260 	     14.48 	 30,120 	 13.71 
   Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic..........................       30,600 	     14.70 	 30,570 	 13.92 
   Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders..............................       93,290 	     16.89 	 35,140 	 16.48 
   Tire builders....................................................................       16,690 	     18.92 	 39,360 	 19.59 
   Helpers--production workers......................................................       420,910 	     11.72 	 24,370 	 10.83 
   Production workers, all other*...................................................       235,910 	     14.74 	 30,670 	 13.19 
													 		
Transportation and material moving occupations                                             8,635,940 	     15.96 	 33,200 	 13.83 
   Aircraft cargo handling supervisors..............................................       6,710 	     24.28 	 50,500 	 22.52 
   First-line supervisors of helpers, laborers, and material movers, hand...........       166,560 	     22.52 	 46,840 	 21.43 
   First-line supervisors of transportation and material-moving machine					 		
          and vehicle operators.....................................................       198,690 	     26.54 	 55,210 	 25.45 
   Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers...................................       68,350 	     (²) 	 118,070 	 (²) 
   Commercial pilots................................................................       31,630 	     (²) 	 76,050 	 (²) 
   Air traffic controllers..........................................................       23,580 	     55.03 	 114,460 	 54.59 
   Airfield operations specialists..................................................       6,060 	     23.90 	 49,710 	 22.68 
   Flight attendants................................................................       87,190 	     (²) 	 41,720 	 (²) 
													 		
   Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians...........       18,080 	     11.68 	 24,300 	 10.97 
   Bus drivers, transit and intercity...............................................       176,190 	     18.00 	 37,440 	 17.17 
   Bus drivers, school or special client............................................       477,400 	     14.05 	 29,220 	 13.51 
   Driver/sales workers.............................................................       387,950 	     13.22 	 27,490 	 10.95 
   Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers..........................................       1,508,620 	     19.15 	 39,830 	 18.24 
   Light truck or delivery services drivers.........................................       771,210 	     15.92 	 33,120 	 13.98 
   Taxi drivers and chauffeurs......................................................       166,890 	     12.03 	 25,020 	 10.94 
   Motor vehicle operators, all other...............................................       61,600 	     15.15 	 31,510 	 13.07 
															
   Locomotive engineers.............................................................       38,790 	     25.45 	 52,940 	 23.74 
   Locomotive firers................................................................       1,670 	     23.47 	 48,820 	 21.50 
   Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers..............................       5,060      	     20.93 	 43,540 	 19.71 


			Occupation                                                   Employment  	        Mean wages        Median hourly   
                                                                                                      	                              wages
											              	    Hourly      Annual¹
Transportation and material moving occupations (Continued)
   Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators.....................................       23,830 	    $23.61 	$49,110 	$24.24 
   Railroad conductors and yardmasters..............................................       44,280 	     27.03 	 56,230 	 25.90 
   Subway and streetcar operators...................................................       5,920 	     28.56 	 59,400 	 30.68 
   Rail transportation workers, all other...........................................       2,400 	     22.52 	 46,840 	 23.56 
															
   Sailors and marine oilers........................................................       31,280 	     18.59 	 38,670 	 17.69 
   Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels.....................................       30,220 	     34.50 	 71,760 	 30.73 
   Motorboat operators..............................................................       2,550 	     18.81 	 39,130 	 17.60 
   Ship engineers...................................................................       10,010 	     35.84 	 74,540 	 34.06 
															
   Bridge and lock tenders..........................................................       3,420 	     20.90 	 43,460 	 22.09 
   Parking lot attendants...........................................................       126,160 	     10.38 	 21,600 	 9.53 
   Automotive and watercraft service attendants.....................................       102,090 	     10.33 	 21,480 	 9.58 
   Traffic technicians..............................................................       6,280 	     21.54 	 44,810 	 20.34 
   Transportation inspectors........................................................       24,810 	     31.62 	 65,770 	 29.92 
   Transportation attendants, except flight attendants..............................       27,040 	     11.64 	 24,210 	 10.41 
   Transportation workers, all other................................................       30,180 	     17.42 	 36,230 	 16.38 
													 		
   Conveyor operators and tenders...................................................       37,200 	     14.90 	 30,990 	 14.09 
   Crane and tower operators........................................................       41,070 	     24.06 	 50,040 	 22.34 
   Dredge operators.................................................................       1,590 	     18.32 	 38,100 	 16.12 
   Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators............................       47,530 	     19.48 	 40,520 	 17.97 
   Loading machine operators, underground mining....................................       2,290 	     22.44 	 46,680 	 21.91 
   Hoist and winch operators........................................................       3,320 	     22.40 	 46,590 	 19.98 
   Industrial truck and tractor operators...........................................       503,290 	     15.31 	 31,840 	 14.43 
   Cleaners of vehicles and equipment...............................................       290,780 	     10.87 	 22,600 	 9.54 
   Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand...........................       2,063,580 	     12.62 	 26,240 	 11.42 
   Machine feeders and offbearers...................................................       110,950 	     13.67 	 28,430 	 12.99 
   Packers and packagers, hand......................................................       666,860 	     10.81 	 22,480 	 9.55 
   Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators.................................       3,870 	     25.52 	 53,080 	 25.21 
   Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers..........................................       12,150 	     22.31 	 46,400 	 21.09 
   Wellhead pumpers.................................................................       13,190 	     20.23 	 42,070 	 19.87 
   Refuse and recyclable material collectors........................................       123,160 	     16.55 	 34,420 	 15.52 
   Mine shuttle car operators.......................................................       3,080 	     24.50 	 50,970 	 24.43 
   Tank car, truck, and ship loaders................................................       10,960 	     20.84 	 43,350 	 19.16 
   Material moving workers, all other...............................................       28,370 	     18.76 	 39,020 	 16.90 


   1 Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those
   occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
   2 Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries
   depending on how they are typically paid.
   3 Represents a wage above $90.00 per hour.
   4 Estimates not released.
   * Occupation titles followed by an asterisk (*) have similar titles, but not necessarily the same content as 2010 SOC occupations.
   
   
   

Last Modified Date: March 27, 2012