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Economic News Release
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OES OES Program Links

Occupational Employment and Wages News Release

Technical information:  (202) 691-6569     USDL 09-0457
               http://www.bls.gov/oes/
                                           For release:  10:00 A.M. (EDT)
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902     Friday, May 1, 2009
                                   


        (NOTE:  This release was reissued on Friday, May 29, 2009, to 
     correct wage data in table 1 for three occupations:  (1) postal 
     service clerks; (2) postal service mail carriers; and (3) postal 
     service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators.  
     These corrections did not affect any other tables in the release 
     or the analysis of occupational employment and wage data.)


                OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES, 2008
                                   
   In 2008, the U.S. median wage was $15.57 per hour or $32,390 per year, 
according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) of the U.S. Department 
of Labor.  These data are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) 
program, which provides employment and wage estimates for wage and salary 
workers in 22 major occupational groups and 801 detailed occupations.  OES 
produces data by occupation for the nation, states, metropolitan areas, 
metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas, and by occupation and 
industry for the nation.  National cross-industry employment and wage infor-
mation for all occupations is shown in table 1.  Complete data are available
from the OES homepage at http://www.bls.gov/oes/.

   The median wage represents the pay of the typical worker.  Table 4 shows
employment and wage information for occupations with median wages between
5 percent above and 5 percent below the U.S. median wage.  Many of the 
occupations with wages within this range were office and administrative
support, construction and extraction, or production occupations.

   OES data can be used to compare employment and wages for different
occupations, such as the occupations with wages near the U.S. median
shown in table 4.  With employment of 1.9 and 1.3 million, respectively, 
bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks; and general maintenance 
and repair workers were the largest occupations with wages near the U.S. 
median, and also were among the 20 largest occupations overall.  The 2 
largest occupations in the U.S., retail salespersons and cashiers, had
employment of approximately 4.4 and 3.5 million, respectively.

 
    -----------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                                 |
   |       Changes to Occupational Employment Statistics Data        |
   |                                                                 |
   |    Effective with this news release, the Occupational Employ-   |
   | ment Statistics program has switched the basis for their indus- |
   | try classification from the 2002 North American Industry Clas-  |
   | sification System (NAICS) to the 2007 NAICS.  Historical data   |
   | were not revised.                                               |
   |                                                                 |
    -----------------------------------------------------------------


                               - 2 -

   Other large occupations with wages near the U.S. median included all 
other teachers and instructors, with employment of 574,540; billing and 
posting clerks and machine operators (512,120); inspectors, testers, 
sorters, samplers, and weighers (467,010); welders, cutters, solderers, 
and brazers (392,520); and dental assistants (293,090).  Among the small-
est occupations with wages near the U.S. median were forest fire inspectors 
and prevention specialists, farm labor contractors, wood model makers, and 
wood patternmakers, each of which had employment levels between 1,000 and
2,000.

   While some of these occupations were concentrated in specific industries, 
others were more widely distributed across industries.  For example, although 
93 percent of dental assistants worked in offices of dentists, the largest 
employer of general maintenance and repair workers--lessors of real estate--
employed only about 10 percent of this occupation.
   
   Median wages for occupations shown in table 4 ranged from $14.83 to
$16.35 per hour.  In contrast, the lowest paying occupations included
gaming dealers; combined food preparation and serving workers; waiters
and waitresses; dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender
helpers; and fast food cooks, with median wages ranging from $7.84 to
$8.12 per hour.  Among the highest paying occupations were several
specialty physician and dentist occupations, which had median wages
over $80.00 per hour or $166,400 annually.

Major Occupational Group Employment and Wages by Industry Sector
   
   Most occupations with wages near the U.S. median were office and
administrative support; construction and extraction; installation,
maintenance, and repair; or production occupations.  Table 4 contains
26 occupations in the production group, making this group the one with
the largest number of occupations earning near the median wage.  Twelve 
office and administrative support occupations had wages near the U.S. 
median; however, total employment in these 12 occupations was approxi-
mately 3.8 million, as compared to total employment of 2.1 million for 
the production occupations shown in table 4.
   
   Office and administrative support also was the largest occupational
group overall, with total employment of 23.2 million, followed by
sales and related occupations, with total employment of 14.3 million,
and food preparation and serving related occupations, with total
employment of 11.4 million.  (See table 2.)  While some occupational
groups were highly concentrated in specific industry sectors, others
were distributed more evenly across sectors.  For example, nearly 89
percent of employment in education, training, and library occupations
was found in the educational services sector, and over 87 percent of
employment in healthcare support occupations was found in the health
care and social assistance sector.  In contrast, although retail trade, 
finance and insurance, and health care and social assistance were among 
the largest employers of office and administrative support occupations, 
no single sector employed more than 12.4 percent of this group.  (See 
table 2.)
   
   The highest paying occupational groups included management occupations, 
with a median hourly wage of $42.15, legal occupations ($34.49), and com-
puter and mathematical science occupations ($34.26).  Food preparation and 
serving related occupations ($8.59); farming, fishing, and forestry occu-
pations ($9.34); personal care and service occupations ($9.82); and building 
and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations ($10.52) were among the 
lowest paying occupational groups.  (See table 3.)

                               - 3 -
   
   Wages for the occupational groups varied by industry.  Utilities;
transportation and warehousing; information; and finance and insurance
were among the highest paying industry sectors for several occupational 
groups.  Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting; retail trade; and 
accommodation and food services were among the lowest paying sectors.  
For example, median hourly wages for business and financial operations 
occupations ranged from $33.75 in utilities to $20.94 in accommodation 
and food services, while median wages for office and administrative sup-
port occupations ranged from $19.57 in transportation and warehousing to 
$10.75 in retail trade.
   
Detailed Occupational Employment and Wages by Detailed Industry
   
   In addition to the occupational group and industry sector data pre-
viously discussed, OES data also are available for detailed occupations 
and industries.  For example, table 5 shows employment and wages by in-
dustry for bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks.  Employment in 
this occupation was widely distributed across industries.  The accounting, 
tax preparation, bookkeeping, and payroll services industry employed more 
bookkeeping clerks than any other industry, but only about 5.4 percent 
of bookkeeping clerks were employed in this industry.  Other large em-
ployers of this occupation were building equipment contractors, deposi-
tory credit intermediation, management of companies and enterprises, 
and local government (OES designation); each representing less than 5 
percent of occupational employment.  The median hourly wage for book-
keeping clerks in these industries ranged from $14.43 in depository 
credit intermediation to $16.22 in building equipment contractors.
   
   Although accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping, and payroll serv-
ices employed a relatively small percentage of all bookkeeping clerks, 
this was the second largest occupation in the accounting services indus-
try, representing about 11.4 percent of industry employment.  (See 
table 6.)  Accountants and auditors was by far the largest occupation in 
the industry, with 286,110 jobs making up about one-third of industry em-
ployment.  Tax preparers was the third largest occupation in accounting 
services, with employment of 61,160.  Most of the other large occupations 
in this industry were office and administrative support occupations.

Occupational Employment and Wages by State and Area

   OES data also allow comparison of occupational employment and wages
across states and metropolitan areas.  Tables 7 and 8 show the states
and metropolitan areas with the highest employment and highest employment 
concentrations of selected detailed occupations.  Areas with high total 
employment also tend to be among the largest employers of any individual 
occupation, while employment concentrations reflect factors other than 
overall employment levels, such as the area's industry mix.  For example, 
Texas employed more welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers than any 
other state, with 53,530 jobs in this occupation; and Wyoming, although 
it employed fewer total welders than Texas, had one of the highest em-
ployment concentrations in this occupation, with welders representing 
over 9 jobs out of every 1,000 in the state.  Louisiana was the only 
state with both high employment levels and a high employment concentra-
tion of this occupation.  (See table 7.)
   
   Aside from Louisiana, the only state appearing on both sides of
table 7 for the same occupation is California, which was both one of
the largest employers of dental assistants and one of the states with
the highest concentrations of this occupation.  Other states with high
concentrations of dental assistants were Utah and Washington.  Nevada
and Hawaii had some of the highest concentrations of construction and
maintenance painters, while Connecticut and Nebraska had some of the
highest concentrations of insurance claims and policy processing
clerks.
   
   Although all of the selected occupations shown in table 7 had national 
median wages near the U.S. median, wages for each occupation varied across 
states.  For example, among the states shown in the table, median wages 
for welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers varied from $13.83 in South 
Dakota to $21.29 in Wyoming, while median wages for construction and 
maintenance painters varied from $13.82 in Texas to $23.14 in Hawaii.

                               - 4 -
   
   At the metropolitan area level, as at the state level, areas with
high employment of the selected occupations also tended to have high
overall employment levels.  (See table 8.)  Chicago-Naperville-Joliet,
Ill., and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif., were among the
largest employers for all of the selected occupations, while New York-
White Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J., and Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas,
were among the largest employers for 3 out of the 4 occupations.
These also were among the largest metropolitan areas or metropolitan
divisions in the United States in terms of total employment.
   
   While both Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas, and Dallas-Plano-
Irving, Texas, were among the metropolitan areas with the highest
employment of welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers, two other
metropolitan areas in Texas--Odessa and Beaumont-Port Arthur--reported
some of the highest employment concentrations of this occupation.
Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, La., and Peoria, Ill., also had high con-
centrations of welders.  Two metropolitan divisions in California--
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale and Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine--were 
among the largest employers of dental assistants, while four of the 
metropolitan areas with the highest concentrations of dental assistants 
also were in California.  Naples-Marco Island, Fla., and Beaumont-Port 
Arthur, Texas, were among the areas with the highest concentrations of 
construction and maintenance painters, while Wausau, Wis., and Macon, 
Ga., were among the areas with the highest concentrations of insurance 
claims and policy processing clerks, although both areas employed rela-
tively few workers in this occupation.  Wages for the selected occupa-
tions varied by metropolitan area.  For example, among the metropoli-
tan areas shown, median wages for construction and maintenance painters 
ranged from $13.46 in Jacksonville, N.C., to $21.85 in Chicago-Naperville-
Joliet, Ill., while wages for insurance claims and policy processing 
clerks ranged from $14.21 in Wausau, Wis., to $19.30 in Boston-Cambridge-
Quincy, Mass.
   
Additional Information
   
   The Occupational Employment Statistics program produces cross-
industry occupational employment and wage estimates nationwide and
for all states, 377 metropolitan areas, 34 metropolitan divisions,
and 174 nonmetropolitan areas.  OES also publishes national industry-
specific occupational employment and wage estimates for NAICS sectors
and 3-, 4-, and selected 5-digit industries.  In addition to mean
hourly and annual wages, wage data include 10th, 25th, 50th (median),
75th, and 90th percentile wages, which can be used to show the distri-
bution of wages within an occupation or industry.  OES data are pro-
duced by a cooperative effort between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, 
and are based on a sample of 1.2 million business establishments, col-
lected in 6 semiannual panels over a 3-year period.  Complete May 2008 
Occupational Employment Statistics data are available from the OES Web 
site at http://www.bls.gov/oes/.




                               - 5 -
Technical Note


Scope of the survey
   
   The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual
mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage
and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States.
Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands also are surveyed, but their
data are not included in this release.  OES estimates are constructed
from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments.  Forms are mailed to
approximately 200,000 establishments in May and November of each year
for a 3-year period.  The nationwide response rate for the May 2008 
estimates is 78.2 percent based on establishments and 74.3 percent based
on employment.  The survey included establishments sampled in the May
2008, November 2007, May 2007, November 2006, May 2006, and November
2005 semiannual panels.

The occupational coding system
   
   The OES survey uses the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) occu-
pational classification system, the Standard Occupational Classification 
(SOC) system.  The SOC system is the first OMB-required occupational 
classification system for federal agencies.  The OES survey categorizes 
workers into 801 detailed occupations.  Together, these detailed occupa-
tions make up 22 of the 23 major occupational groups.  Military specific 
occupations are not included in the OES survey.  The major groups are as 
follows:

     Management occupations
     Business and financial operations occupations
     Computer and mathematical science occupations
     Architecture and engineering occupations
     Life, physical, and social science occupations
     Community and social services occupations
     Legal occupations
     Education, training, and library occupations
     Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations
     Healthcare practitioner and technical occupations
     Healthcare support occupations
     Protective service occupations
     Food preparation and serving related occupations
     Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations
     Personal care and service occupations
     Sales and related occupations
     Office and administrative support occupations
     Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations
     Construction and extraction occupations
     Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations
     Production occupations
     Transportation and material moving occupations
     Military specific occupations (not surveyed in OES)

   For more information about the SOC system, please see the Bureau of
Labor Statistics (BLS) Web site at http://www.bls.gov/soc/.

The industry coding system
   
   The OES survey uses the North American Industry Classification System
(NAICS).  The May 2008 estimates and survey data are based on the 2007
NAICS.  Earlier panel data and estimates were based on the 2002 NAICS.
For more information about NAICS, see the BLS Web site at http://www.bls.
gov/bls/naics.htm.

                               - 6 -

   The OES survey includes establishments in NAICS sectors 11 (logging
and agricultural support activities only), 21, 22, 23, 31-33, 42, 44-45,
48-49, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 61, 62, 71, 72, 81 (except private house-
holds), state government, and local government.  The U.S. Postal Service 
and the executive branch of the federal government also are included.  An 
establishment is defined as an economic unit that processes goods or pro-
vides services, such as a factory, mine, or store.  The establishment is 
generally at a single physical location and is engaged primarily in one 
type of economic activity.

   The OES survey covers all full- and part-time wage and salary workers
in nonfarm industries.  The survey does not include the self-employed,
owners and partners in unincorporated firms, household workers, or unpaid 
family workers.

Survey sample
   
   BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, 
while the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs) collect most of the data.  BLS 
produces cross-industry and industry-specific estimates for the nation, 
states, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, 
and nonmetropolitan areas.  Industry-specific estimates are produced at 
the NAICS sector, 3-digit, 4-digit, and selected 5-digit industry levels.  
BLS releases all cross-industry and national estimates; many SWAs release 
industry-specific estimates at the state and MSA levels.

   State unemployment insurance (UI) files provide the universe from
which the OES survey draws its sample.  Employment benchmarks are ob-
tained from reports submitted by employers to the UI program.  Supple-
mental sources are used for rail transportation (NAICS 4821) and Guam 
because they do not report to the UI program.  The OES survey sample is 
stratified by metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas and industry.  The 
2000 Metropolitan Statistical Area standards were used to define the 
metropolitan areas.

   An annual census is taken of the executive branch of the federal
government, the U.S. Postal Service, state government, and Hawaii's
local government.  In order to provide the most occupational coverage,
larger employers are more likely to be selected than smaller employers.
The unweighted employment of sampled establishments makes up approxi-
mately 61 percent of total national employment.

Concepts
   
   Occupational employment is the estimate of total wage and salary em-
ployment in an occupation across the industries surveyed.  The OES sur-
vey defines employment as the number of workers who can be classified
as full- or part-time employees, including workers on paid vacations or
other types of paid leave; workers on unpaid short-term absences; salaried 
officers, executives, and staff members of incorporated firms; employees 
temporarily assigned to other units; and employees for whom the reporting 
unit is their permanent duty station regardless of whether that unit pre-
pares their paycheck.

                               - 7 -

   The OES survey forms sent to larger establishments, generally those
with 20 or more workers, contain between 50 and 225 SOC occupations
selected on the basis of the sampled establishment's industry classifi-
cation.  To reduce paperwork and respondent burden, no survey form con-
tains every SOC occupation.  Thus, data for specific occupations are 
collected primarily from establishments in industries that are the pre-
dominant employers of workers in those occupations.  Each survey form
is structured, however, to allow a respondent to provide detailed occu-
pational information for each worker at the establishment; that is, un-
listed occupations can be added to the survey form.  Smaller establish-
ments, generally those with fewer than 20 workers, are sent a form with 
no occupations listed, and are instructed to fill in the occupations for 
their workers.
   
   Wages for the OES survey are straight-time, gross pay, exclusive of
premium pay.  Base rate, cost-of-living allowances, guaranteed pay,
hazardous-duty pay, incentive pay including commissions and production
bonuses, tips, and on-call pay are included.  Excluded are back pay,
jury duty pay, overtime pay, severance pay, shift differentials, non-
production bonuses, employer cost for supplementary benefits, and tuition 
reimbursements.

   The OES survey collects wage data in 12 intervals.  Employers report
the number of employees in an occupation for each wage range.  The wage
intervals used for the May 2008 survey are as follows:

May 2008 wage intervals
--------------------------------------------------------
            |
            |                  Wages
  Interval  |-------------------------------------------
            |       Hourly      |        Annual
------------|-------------------|-----------------------
Range A     | Under $7.50       | Under $15,600
Range B     | $7.50 to $9.49    | $15,600 to $19,759
Range C     | $9.50 to $11.99   | $19,760 to $24,959
Range D     | $12.00 to $15.24  | $24,960 to $31,719
Range E     | $15.25 to $19.24  | $31,720 to $40,039
Range F     | $19.25 to $24.49  | $40,040 to $50,959
Range G     | $24.50 to $30.99  | $50,960 to $64,479
Range H     | $31.00 to $39.24  | $64,480 to $81,639
Range I     | $39.25 to $49.74  | $81,640 to $103,479
Range J     | $49.75 to $63.24  | $103,480 to $131,559
Range K     | $63.25 to $79.99  | $131,560 to $166,399
Range L     | $80.00 and over   | $166,400 and over
--------------------------------------------------------


   Mean hourly wage.  The mean hourly wage rate for an occupation is the
total wages that all workers in the occupation earn in an hour divided
by the total employment of the occupation.  To calculate the mean hourly
wage of each occupation, total weighted hourly wages are summed across
all intervals and divided by the occupation's weighted survey employment.  
The mean wage for each interval is based on occupational wage data col-
lected by the BLS Office of Compensation and Working Conditions for the 
National Compensation Survey (NCS).  With the exception of the highest 
wage interval, mean wage rates for each panel are calculated using NCS 
data for the panel's reference year.

   The lower boundary of the highest wage interval was $80.00.  The mean
hourly wage for this interval was calculated using the average of the
2005, 2006, and 2007 NCS data.

   Percentile wage.  The p-th percentile wage rate for an occupation 
is the wage where p percent of all workers earn that amount or less and
where (100-p) percent of all workers earn that amount or more.  This
statistic is calculated by uniformly distributing the workers inside
each wage interval, ranking the workers from lowest paid to highest
paid, and calculating the product of the total employment for the oc-
cupation and the desired percentile to determine the worker that earns
the p-th percentile wage rate.

                               - 8 -
   
   Annual wage.  Many employees are paid at an hourly rate by their
employers and may work more than or less than 40 hours per week.  Annual
wage estimates for most occupations in this release are calculated by
multiplying the mean hourly wage by a "year-round, full-time" figure of
2,080 hours (52 weeks by 40 hours).  Thus, annual wage estimates may not
represent the actual annual pay received by the employee if they work
more or less than 2,080 hours per year.  Some workers typically work
less than 40 hours per week, year round.  For these occupations, the OES
survey collects and reports either the annual salary or the hourly wage
rate, depending on how the occupation is typically paid, but not both.
For example, teachers, flight attendants, and pilots may be paid an
annual salary, but do not work the usual 2,080 hours per year.  In this
case, an annual salary is reported. Other workers, such as entertainment
workers, are paid hourly rates, but generally do not work 40 hours per
week, year round.  For these workers, only an hourly wage is reported.
   
   Hourly versus annual wage reporting.  For each occupation, respondents 
are asked to report the number of employees paid within specific wage in-
tervals.  The intervals are defined both as hourly rates and the corre-
sponding annual rates, where the annual rate for an occupation is calculated 
by multiplying the hourly wage rate by a typical work year of 2,080 hours.  
The responding establishment can reference either the hourly or the annual 
rate for full-time workers, but they are instructed to report the hourly 
rate for part-time workers.

Estimation methodology
   
   With the exception of the May 2008 panel, each OES panel includes
approximately 200,000 establishments.  Due to budget constraints, the
May 2008 sample was reduced to approximately 174,000 establishments. The
OES survey is designed to produce estimates using six panels (3 years)
of data.  The full six-panel sample of nearly 1.2 million establishments
allows the production of estimates at detailed levels of geography,
industry, and occupation.
   
   Wage updating.  Significant reductions in sampling errors are obtained 
by combining six panels of data, particularly for small geographic areas 
and occupations.  Wages for the current panel need no adjustment.  However, 
wages in the five previous panels need to be updated to the current panel's 
reference period.

   The OES program uses the BLS Employment Cost Index (ECI) to adjust
survey data from prior panels before combining them with the current
panel's data.  The wage updating procedure adjusts each detailed occu-
pation's wage rate, as measured in the earlier panel, according to the 
average movement of its broader occupational division.  The procedure 
assumes that there are no major differences by geography, industry, or 
detailed occupation within the occupational division.  The wage rates 
for the highest wage interval are not updated.
   
   Imputation.  About 20 percent of establishments do not respond for a
given panel.  A "nearest neighbor" hot deck imputation procedure is used
to impute missing occupational employment totals.  A variant of mean im-
putation is used to impute missing wage distributions.  The variant of
mean imputation for wage distributions also is applied to establishments
that provide reports with occupational totals but partial or missing
wage data.
   
   Weighting and benchmarking.  The sample establishments in each panel
are weighted to represent all establishments that were part of the in-
scope frame from which the panel was selected.  Based on the sampled
establishments, sampling weights are adjusted when six panels are com-
bined.  Sampling weights are further adjusted by the ratio of employment 
totals (the average of November 2007 and May 2008 employment) from the 
BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages to employment totals from 
the OES survey.
   
   May 2008 OES survey estimates.  The May 2008 OES survey estimates are
based on all data collected from establishments in the May 2008, November 
2007, May 2007, November 2006, May 2006, and November 2005 semiannual 
samples.

                               - 9 -
   
   Reliability of the estimates.  Estimates calculated from a sample
survey are subject to two types of error:  sampling and nonsampling.
Sampling error occurs when estimates are calculated from a subset (that
is, a sample) of the population instead of the full population.  When a
sample of the population is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample
estimate of the characteristic of interest may differ from the population 
value of that characteristic.  Differences between the sample estimate and 
the population value will vary depending on the sample selected.  This vari-
ability can be estimated by calculating the standard error (SE) of the sam-
ple estimate.  If we were to repeat the sampling and estimation process 
countless times using the same survey design, approximately 90 percent of 
the intervals created by adding and subtracting 1.645 SEs from the sample 
estimate would include the population value.  These intervals are called 
90-percent confidence intervals.  The OES survey, however, usually uses 
the relative standard error (RSE) of a sample estimate instead of its SE 
to measure sampling error.  RSE is defined as the SE of a sample estimate 
divided by the sample estimate itself.  This statistic provides the user 
with a measure of the relative precision of the sample estimate.  RSEs 
are calculated for both occupational employment and mean wage rate esti-
mates.  Occupational employment RSEs are calculated using a subsample, 
random group replication technique called the jackknife.  Mean wage rate 
RSEs are calculated using a variance components model that accounts for 
both the observed and unobserved components of the wage data.  The vari-
ances of the unobserved components are estimated using wage data from the 
BLS National Compensation Survey.  In general, estimates based on many
establishments have lower RSEs than estimates based on few establishments.  
If the distributional assumptions of the models are violated, the resulting 
confidence intervals may not reflect the prescribed level of confidence.
   
   Nonsampling error occurs for a variety of reasons, none of which are
directly connected to sampling.  Examples of nonsampling error include:
nonresponse, data incorrectly reported by the respondent, errors in the
administrative data used to create the sampling frame, mistakes made in
entering collected data into the database, and mistakes made in editing
and processing the collected data.  Every attempt is made to minimize
nonsampling error through survey methods such as data editing, imputa-
tion methods, and benchmarking of data to current employment totals.




Table 1.  National employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey by occupation, May 2008

                            Occupation                                                     Employment    Mean wages     Median hourly
                                                                                                        Hourly  Annual(1)

Management occupations                                                                     6,152,650    48.23    100,310     42.15
   Chief executives                                                                          301,930    77.13    160,440     76.23
   General and operations managers                                                         1,697,690    51.91    107,970     44.02
   Legislators                                                                                64,650     (2)      37,980      (2)
   Advertising and promotions managers                                                        36,100    45.54     94,720     38.57
   Marketing managers                                                                        166,790    56.81    118,160     52.20
   Sales managers                                                                            333,910    53.07    110,390     46.76
   Public relations managers                                                                  51,730    48.66    101,220     43.00

   Administrative services managers                                                          246,930    38.22     79,500     35.35
   Computer and information systems managers                                                 276,820    57.07    118,710     53.95
   Financial managers                                                                        500,590    53.19    110,640     47.76
   Compensation and benefits managers                                                         38,810    44.91     93,410     41.59
   Training and development managers                                                          29,350    45.11     93,830     42.16
   Human resources managers, all other                                                        60,980    49.96    103,920     46.22
   Industrial production managers                                                            154,030    43.85     91,200     40.04
   Purchasing managers                                                                        67,150    45.34     94,300     42.86
   Transportation, storage, and distribution managers                                         96,300    40.64     84,520     37.98

   Farm, ranch, and other agricultural managers                                                3,410    30.00     62,400     27.03
   Farmers and ranchers                                                                          490    23.62     49,140     16.13
   Construction managers                                                                     220,550    43.16     89,770     38.39
   Education administrators, preschool and child care center/program                          49,630    22.29     46,370     19.20
   Education administrators, elementary and secondary school                                 219,100     (2)      86,060      (2)
   Education administrators, postsecondary                                                    97,410    44.67     92,920     38.79
   Education administrators, all other                                                        28,090    37.13     77,220     34.44
   Engineering managers                                                                      182,300    57.97    120,580     55.42
   Food service managers                                                                     196,080    24.19     50,320     22.27
   Funeral directors                                                                          25,680    28.27     58,810     25.10
   Gaming managers                                                                             3,790    35.33     73,480     32.83
   Lodging managers                                                                           32,460    25.26     52,550     22.02
   Medical and health services managers                                                      258,130    42.67     88,750     38.58
   Natural sciences managers                                                                  43,060    59.20    123,140     54.23
   Postmasters and mail superintendents                                                       26,410    28.44     59,150     28.52
   Property, real estate, and community association managers                                 159,700    27.05     56,250     22.18
   Social and community service managers                                                     117,150    29.12     60,570     26.92
   Managers, all other                                                                       365,460    46.10     95,890     43.38

Business and financial operations occupations                                              6,135,520    31.12     64,720     27.89
   Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes                          12,110    39.21     81,550     30.26
   Purchasing agents and buyers, farm products                                                13,010    28.25     58,760     23.88
   Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products                                         132,420    26.70     55,540     23.42
   Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products                            286,990    27.70     57,630     25.93
   Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators                                            277,230    27.67     57,550     26.81
   Insurance appraisers, auto damage                                                          11,280    25.95     53,980     25.69
   Compliance officers, except agriculture, construction, health and safety, and
       transportation                                                                        242,270    25.85     53,760     23.50
   Cost estimators                                                                           218,400    29.00     60,320     27.17
   Emergency management specialists                                                           12,260    25.70     53,460     24.26
   Employment, recruitment, and placement specialists                                        205,800    25.90     53,870     21.86
   Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists                                      116,250    27.43     57,060     25.89
   Training and development specialists                                                      206,890    26.36     54,830     24.73
   Human resources, training, and labor relations specialists, all other                     217,440    28.00     58,230     26.79
   Logisticians                                                                               98,590    32.98     68,600     31.96
   Management analysts                                                                       535,850    39.87     82,920     35.37
   Meeting and convention planners                                                            47,960    22.84     47,500     21.28
   Business operations specialists, all other                                              1,030,320    31.25     64,990     28.81

   Accountants and auditors                                                                1,133,580    31.65     65,840     28.57
   Appraisers and assessors of real estate                                                    66,260    25.68     53,410     22.77
   Budget analysts                                                                            62,630    32.76     68,140     31.41
   Credit analysts                                                                            74,400    31.05     64,580     26.56
   Financial analysts                                                                        236,720    40.76     84,780     35.17
   Personal financial advisors                                                               146,690    44.69     92,970     33.20
   Insurance underwriters                                                                     98,690    30.09     62,600     27.31
   Financial examiners                                                                        26,020    37.59     78,180     34.10
   Loan counselors                                                                            29,430    20.18     41,970     18.02
   Loan officers                                                                             321,850    30.55     63,540     26.30
   Tax examiners, collectors, and revenue agents                                              66,030    25.53     53,090     23.12
   Tax preparers                                                                              63,030    17.08     35,520     14.14
   Financial specialists, all other                                                          145,110    30.71     63,880     27.48
Computer and mathematical science occupations                                              3,308,260    35.82     74,500     34.26
   Computer and information scientists, research                                              26,610    48.51    100,900     47.10
   Computer programmers                                                                      394,230    35.32     73,470     33.47
   Computer software engineers, applications                                                 494,160    42.26     87,900     41.07
   Computer software engineers, systems software                                             381,830    45.44     94,520     44.44
   Computer support specialists                                                              545,520    22.29     46,370     20.89
   Computer systems analysts                                                                 489,890    37.90     78,830     36.30
   Database administrators                                                                   115,770    35.05     72,900     33.53
   Network and computer systems administrators                                               327,850    33.45     69,570     31.88
   Network systems and data communications analysts                                          230,410    35.50     73,830     34.18
   Computer specialists, all other                                                           191,780    36.54     76,000     36.13

   Actuaries                                                                                  18,220    46.14     95,980     40.77
   Mathematicians                                                                              2,770    45.65     94,960     45.75
   Operations research analysts                                                               60,860    35.68     74,220     33.17
   Statisticians                                                                              20,680    35.96     74,790     34.91
   Mathematical technicians                                                                    1,100    20.24     42,100     18.46
   Mathematical scientists, all other                                                          6,600    31.55     65,630     26.44

Architecture and engineering occupations                                                   2,521,630    34.34     71,430     32.09
   Architects, except landscape and naval                                                    110,990    36.90     76,750     33.81
   Landscape architects                                                                       21,130    30.77     64,000     28.35
   Cartographers and photogrammetrists                                                        11,690    27.87     57,980     24.60
   Surveyors                                                                                  55,780    26.91     55,980     25.47

   Aerospace engineers                                                                        67,800    45.18     93,980     44.48
   Agricultural engineers                                                                      2,640    35.02     72,850     33.04
   Biomedical engineers                                                                       15,220    39.00     81,120     37.21
   Chemical engineers                                                                         30,970    42.67     88,760     40.71
   Civil engineers                                                                           261,360    37.77     78,560     35.87
   Computer hardware engineers                                                                73,370    48.16    100,180     46.83
   Electrical engineers                                                                      154,670    41.04     85,350     39.50
   Electronics engineers, except computer                                                    139,930    42.63     88,670     41.52
   Environmental engineers                                                                    52,590    37.49     77,970     35.59
   Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors                 25,190    35.50     73,830     34.85
   Industrial engineers                                                                      214,580    36.41     75,740     35.49
   Marine engineers and naval architects                                                       6,480    37.46     77,920     35.64
   Materials engineers                                                                        24,160    40.48     84,200     39.34
   Mechanical engineers                                                                      233,610    37.59     78,200     36.02
   Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers                          6,900    38.42     79,910     36.52
   Nuclear engineers                                                                          16,640    47.96     99,750     46.68
   Petroleum engineers                                                                        20,880    57.28    119,140     51.93
   Engineers, all other                                                                      169,240    42.83     89,080     42.58

   Architectural and civil drafters                                                          114,910    22.30     46,390     21.39
   Electrical and electronics drafters                                                        32,710    25.85     53,770     24.67
   Mechanical drafters                                                                        77,070    23.36     48,600     22.42
   Drafters, all other                                                                        20,720    22.73     47,290     21.60
   Aerospace engineering and operations technicians                                            8,540    27.06     56,280     26.46
   Civil engineering technicians                                                              88,140    21.98     45,730     21.29
   Electrical and electronic engineering technicians                                         162,330    25.96     53,990     25.60
   Electro-mechanical technicians                                                             16,290    23.13     48,110     22.27
   Environmental engineering technicians                                                      20,740    21.36     44,440     19.76
   Industrial engineering technicians                                                         72,820    24.07     50,070     22.69
   Mechanical engineering technicians                                                         45,770    24.06     50,040     23.14
   Engineering technicians, except drafters, all other                                        73,870    27.19     56,560     27.33
   Surveying and mapping technicians                                                          71,920    18.03     37,500     16.88

Life, physical, and social science occupations                                             1,296,840    30.90     64,280     27.51
   Animal scientists                                                                           2,760    29.64     61,640     26.94
   Food scientists and technologists                                                          10,510    31.06     64,610     28.61
   Soil and plant scientists                                                                  10,790    30.82     64,110     28.07
   Biochemists and biophysicists                                                              22,230    42.53     88,450     39.83
   Microbiologists                                                                            15,750    33.73     70,150     30.94
   Zoologists and wildlife biologists                                                         17,780    28.28     58,820     26.58
   Biological scientists, all other                                                           28,290    32.71     68,030     31.29
   Conservation scientists                                                                    15,830    28.93     60,170     28.23
   Foresters                                                                                  10,160    26.46     55,040     25.84
   Epidemiologists                                                                             4,370    31.01     64,500     29.50
   Medical scientists, except epidemiologists                                                 99,750    39.36     81,870     34.90
   Life scientists, all other                                                                 12,030    33.18     69,020     29.55
   Astronomers                                                                                 1,280    47.95     99,730     48.70
   Physicists                                                                                 14,810    51.17    106,440     49.47
   Atmospheric and space scientists                                                            8,860    39.46     82,080     39.08
   Chemists                                                                                   83,080    34.17     71,070     31.84
   Materials scientists                                                                        9,650    39.23     81,600     38.57
   Environmental scientists and specialists, including health                                 80,120    31.39     65,280     28.72
   Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers                                         31,260    42.93     89,300     38.06
   Hydrologists                                                                                7,590    35.36     73,540     34.35
   Physical scientists, all other                                                             22,900    44.16     91,850     43.99

   Economists                                                                                 12,600    43.67     90,830     40.19
   Market research analysts                                                                  230,070    32.37     67,340     29.36
   Survey researchers                                                                         21,100    20.22     42,060     17.42
   Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists                                             97,880    33.74     70,190     30.84
   Industrial-organizational psychologists                                                     1,460    41.57     86,460     37.03
   Psychologists, all other                                                                    9,870    43.49     90,460     41.41

   Sociologists                                                                                4,390    36.28     75,460     32.96
   Urban and regional planners                                                                37,120    30.00     62,400     28.75
   Anthropologists and archeologists                                                           5,230    27.55     57,300     25.92
   Geographers                                                                                 1,120    32.13     66,830     32.02
   Historians                                                                                  3,700    27.49     57,180     26.22
   Political scientists                                                                        3,530    47.75     99,320     50.06
   Social scientists and related workers, all other                                           28,680    34.49     71,730     33.04

   Agricultural and food science technicians                                                  18,930    17.53     36,470     16.34
   Biological technicians                                                                     72,200    19.67     40,900     18.46
   Chemical technicians                                                                       65,830    21.02     43,710     20.25
   Geological and petroleum technicians                                                       14,570    27.44     57,080     25.65
   Nuclear technicians                                                                         6,360    32.17     66,910     32.64
   Social science research assistants                                                         18,120    18.23     37,920     17.14
   Environmental science and protection technicians, including health                         33,370    20.76     43,180     19.34
   Forensic science technicians                                                               11,990    25.46     52,960     23.97
   Forest and conservation technicians                                                        30,850    16.98     35,320     15.39
   Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other                                  58,070    20.63     42,910     19.25

Community and social services occupations                                                  1,861,750    20.09     41,790     18.38
   Substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors                                         79,180    19.07     39,670     17.80
   Educational, vocational, and school counselors                                            243,100    25.74     53,540     24.54
   Marriage and family therapists                                                             24,520    22.56     46,930     21.44
   Mental health counselors                                                                  104,650    19.36     40,270     17.70
   Rehabilitation counselors                                                                 112,700    16.64     34,600     14.87
   Counselors, all other                                                                      29,980    20.31     42,240     19.20
   Child, family, and school social workers                                                  274,140    20.73     43,120     19.01
   Medical and public health social workers                                                  131,730    22.87     47,560     21.95
   Mental health and substance abuse social workers                                          131,010    19.05     39,630     17.89
   Social workers, all other                                                                  68,230    23.16     48,180     22.22
   Health educators                                                                           62,120    23.36     48,590     21.16
   Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists                                  97,130    23.81     49,520     22.07
   Social and human service assistants                                                       332,880    14.03     29,170     13.12
   Community and social service specialists, all other                                       107,910    19.21     39,950     18.11
   Clergy                                                                                     42,040    21.85     45,440     20.06
   Directors, religious activities and education                                              14,790    19.36     40,260     17.35
   Religious workers, all other                                                                5,640    15.56     32,360     13.30

Legal occupations                                                                          1,003,270    44.36     92,270     34.49
   Lawyers                                                                                   553,690    59.98    124,750     53.17
   Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers                              13,370    38.88     80,870     36.99
   Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators                                                    9,570    28.68     59,650     24.36
   Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates                                                 25,470    48.29    100,450     52.99
   Paralegals and legal assistants                                                           253,040    23.46     48,790     22.18
   Court reporters                                                                            17,930    24.98     51,960     23.90
   Law clerks                                                                                 31,500    19.51     40,580     17.85
   Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers                                                59,390    20.24     42,090     18.41
   Legal support workers, all other                                                           39,310    27.24     56,660     24.16

Education, training, and library occupations                                               8,451,250    23.30     48,460     21.26
   Business teachers, postsecondary                                                           69,690     (2)      77,340      (2)
   Computer science teachers, postsecondary                                                   32,520     (2)      74,050      (2)
   Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary                                               45,710     (2)      68,130      (2)
   Architecture teachers, postsecondary                                                        6,430     (2)      75,450      (2)
   Engineering teachers, postsecondary                                                        32,070     (2)      90,070      (2)
   Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary                                              10,000     (2)      77,770      (2)
   Biological science teachers, postsecondary                                                 51,930     (2)      83,270      (2)
   Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary                                   2,450     (2)      67,400      (2)
   Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary                      9,650     (2)      81,470      (2)
   Chemistry teachers, postsecondary                                                          19,950     (2)      76,310      (2)
   Environmental science teachers, postsecondary                                               4,870     (2)      74,610      (2)
   Physics teachers, postsecondary                                                            12,350     (2)      81,880      (2)

   Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary                                         5,500     (2)      73,410      (2)
   Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary                                  7,570     (2)      70,560      (2)
   Economics teachers, postsecondary                                                          12,540     (2)      88,330      (2)
   Geography teachers, postsecondary                                                           4,030     (2)      67,480      (2)
   Political science teachers, postsecondary                                                  14,340     (2)      75,960      (2)
   Psychology teachers, postsecondary                                                         31,420     (2)      69,560      (2)
   Sociology teachers, postsecondary                                                          16,440     (2)      68,900      (2)
   Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other                                          5,720     (2)      74,720      (2)
   Health specialties teachers, postsecondary                                                125,100     (2)     102,000      (2)
   Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary                                            46,890     (2)      62,660      (2)
   Education teachers, postsecondary                                                          55,880     (2)      60,080      (2)
   Library science teachers, postsecondary                                                     3,960     (2)      61,630      (2)

   Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary                               11,630     (2)      59,830      (2)
   Law teachers, postsecondary                                                                12,490     (2)     101,170      (2)
   Social work teachers, postsecondary                                                         7,930     (2)      64,680      (2)
   Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary                                              76,810     (2)      65,030      (2)

   Communications teachers, postsecondary                                                     24,360     (2)      63,330      (2)
   English language and literature teachers, postsecondary                                    62,230     (2)      63,610      (2)
   Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary                                    26,400     (2)      65,280      (2)
   History teachers, postsecondary                                                            21,020     (2)      68,360      (2)
   Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary                                            18,370     (2)      65,140      (2)
   Graduate teaching assistants                                                              124,380     (2)      31,710      (2)
   Home economics teachers, postsecondary                                                      4,820     (2)      70,420      (2)
   Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary                                     17,410     (2)      60,700      (2)
   Vocational education teachers, postsecondary                                              112,940    24.46     50,870     22.76
   Postsecondary teachers, all other                                                         242,780     (2)      71,320      (2)

   Preschool teachers, except special education                                              392,170    12.80     26,610     11.48
   Kindergarten teachers, except special education                                           174,530     (2)      49,770      (2)
   Elementary school teachers, except special education                                    1,544,270     (2)      52,240      (2)
   Middle school teachers, except special and vocational education                           661,820     (2)      52,570      (2)
   Vocational education teachers, middle school                                               15,720     (2)      50,150      (2)
   Secondary school teachers, except special and vocational education                      1,090,490     (2)      54,390      (2)
   Vocational education teachers, secondary school                                            99,800     (2)      53,700      (2)
   Special education teachers, preschool, kindergarten, and elementary school                226,250     (2)      52,970      (2)
   Special education teachers, middle school                                                 100,650     (2)      53,540      (2)
   Special education teachers, secondary school                                              147,210     (2)      55,050      (2)
   Adult literacy, remedial education, and GED teachers and instructors                       73,050    23.95     49,830     22.26
   Self-enrichment education teachers                                                        163,190    19.68     40,920     17.17
   Teachers and instructors, all other                                                       574,540     (2)      40,770      (2)

   Archivists                                                                                  5,330    23.18     48,220     21.64
   Curators                                                                                   10,820    24.78     51,540     22.70
   Museum technicians and conservators                                                        10,200    19.59     40,750     17.63
   Librarians                                                                                151,170    26.30     54,700     25.26
   Library technicians                                                                       113,510    14.49     30,130     13.86
   Audio-visual collections specialists                                                        6,160    21.90     45,540     20.86
   Farm and home management advisors                                                          10,760    21.46     44,630     19.97
   Instructional coordinators                                                                122,180    28.74     59,780     27.35
   Teacher assistants                                                                      1,266,900     (2)      23,560      (2)
   Education, training, and library workers, all other                                        99,900    19.50     40,560     17.07

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations                                 1,804,940    24.36     50,670     19.99
   Art directors                                                                              33,670    42.55     88,510     37.01
   Craft artists                                                                               5,440    15.66     32,570     13.98
   Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators                               9,380    23.22     48,300     20.51
   Multi-media artists and animators                                                          31,500    29.99     62,380     27.08
   Artists and related workers, all other                                                      8,470    26.51     55,140     24.81
   Commercial and industrial designers                                                        32,940    29.60     61,580     27.57
   Fashion designers                                                                          16,920    34.33     71,400     29.41
   Floral designers                                                                           57,500    11.78     24,510     11.17
   Graphic designers                                                                         209,290    22.48     46,750     20.39
   Interior designers                                                                         53,290    24.53     51,020     21.61
   Merchandise displayers and window trimmers                                                 63,320    13.73     28,560     12.47
   Set and exhibit designers                                                                   7,940    23.40     48,660     21.47
   Designers, all other                                                                       11,160    24.10     50,130     21.07

   Actors                                                                                     44,360    29.05      (2)       16.59
   Producers and directors                                                                    78,060    39.92     83,030     30.98
   Athletes and sports competitors                                                            13,960     (2)      79,460      (2)
   Coaches and scouts                                                                        175,720     (2)      35,580      (2)
   Umpires, referees, and other sports officials                                              12,970     (2)      28,330      (2)
   Dancers                                                                                    11,370    15.06      (2)       12.22
   Choreographers                                                                             13,860    20.13     41,870     18.52
   Music directors and composers                                                               9,120    26.36     54,840     19.84
   Musicians and singers                                                                      47,030    28.28      (2)       21.24
   Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other                         36,190    17.91      (2)       14.62

   Radio and television announcers                                                            37,290    19.43     40,410     12.95
   Public address system and other announcers                                                  8,280    18.04     37,530     13.18
   Broadcast news analysts                                                                     6,310    34.00     70,730     24.65
   Reporters and correspondents                                                               50,690    21.17     44,030     16.75
   Public relations specialists                                                              240,610    28.34     58,960     24.65
   Editors                                                                                   110,010    27.49     57,180     24.04
   Technical writers                                                                          47,460    30.87     64,210     29.62
   Writers and authors                                                                        44,170    31.04     64,560     25.51
   Interpreters and translators                                                               36,610    20.74     43,130     18.68
   Media and communication workers, all other                                                 24,470    22.97     47,770     19.99

   Audio and video equipment technicians                                                      45,200    19.86     41,310     18.30
   Broadcast technicians                                                                      33,550    18.30     38,070     15.82
   Radio operators                                                                               820    18.52     38,520     17.85
   Sound engineering technicians                                                              16,600    25.53     53,110     22.83
   Photographers                                                                              61,670    17.14     35,640     14.15
   Camera operators, television, video, and motion picture                                    19,270    22.94     47,710     20.03
   Film and video editors                                                                     18,720    30.05     62,500     24.31
   Media and communication equipment workers, all other                                       19,770    26.98     56,120     25.45

Healthcare practitioner and technical occupations                                          7,076,800    32.64     67,890     27.20
   Chiropractors                                                                              27,050    39.11     81,340     31.97
   Dentists, general                                                                          85,910    74.17    154,270     68.69
   Oral and maxillofacial surgeons                                                             4,760    91.55    190,420      (3)
   Orthodontists                                                                               5,500    93.72    194,930      (3)
   Prosthodontists                                                                               370    81.64    169,810      (3)
   Dentists, all other specialists                                                             4,770    68.30    142,070     66.33
   Dietitians and nutritionists                                                               53,630    24.75     51,470     24.32
   Optometrists                                                                               25,970    50.58    105,200     46.31
   Pharmacists                                                                               266,410    50.13    104,260     51.16

   Anesthesiologists                                                                          34,230    94.99    197,570      (3)
   Family and general practitioners                                                          106,210    77.64    161,490     75.60
   Internists, general                                                                        46,980    84.97    176,740      (3)
   Obstetricians and gynecologists                                                            19,750    92.68    192,780      (3)
   Pediatricians, general                                                                     29,170    73.74    153,370     70.21
   Psychiatrists                                                                              22,140    74.06    154,050     74.13
   Surgeons                                                                                   47,070    99.41    206,770      (3)
   Physicians and surgeons, all other                                                        262,850    79.33    165,000      (3)

   Physician assistants                                                                       71,950    39.24     81,610     39.05
   Podiatrists                                                                                 9,670    60.46    125,760     54.60
   Registered nurses                                                                       2,542,760    31.31     65,130     30.03
   Audiologists                                                                               12,480    31.49     65,500     29.82
   Occupational therapists                                                                    94,800    32.65     67,920     32.10

   Physical therapists                                                                       167,300    35.77     74,410     35.00
   Radiation therapists                                                                       14,850    36.28     75,450     35.05
   Recreational therapists                                                                    22,510    19.20     39,930     18.45
   Respiratory therapists                                                                    103,870    25.55     53,150     25.10
   Speech-language pathologists                                                              107,340    31.80     66,130     30.25
   Therapists, all other                                                                      12,960    26.32     54,750     24.37
   Veterinarians                                                                              53,110    43.00     89,450     38.01
   Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other                                    34,890    37.76     78,540     31.67

   Medical and clinical laboratory technologists                                             166,510    25.99     54,050     25.72
   Medical and clinical laboratory technicians                                               149,670    17.86     37,150     17.01
   Dental hygienists                                                                         173,090    32.19     66,950     32.00
   Cardiovascular technologists and technicians                                               48,040    23.38     48,640     22.60
   Diagnostic medical sonographers                                                            48,920    30.12     62,660     29.80
   Nuclear medicine technologists                                                             21,200    32.44     67,480     32.05
   Radiologic technologists and technicians                                                  208,570    25.59     53,230     25.10
   Emergency medical technicians and paramedics                                              207,610    15.38     31,980     14.10

   Dietetic technicians                                                                       24,620    13.26     27,580     12.54
   Pharmacy technicians                                                                      324,110    13.70     28,500     13.32
   Psychiatric technicians                                                                    54,800    15.48     32,190     14.06
   Respiratory therapy technicians                                                            16,210    21.00     43,670     20.40
   Surgical technologists                                                                     89,600    19.27     40,070     18.62
   Veterinary technologists and technicians                                                   78,920    14.35     29,850     13.89
   Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses                                         730,500    19.28     40,110     18.77
   Medical records and health information technicians                                        168,650    15.85     32,960     14.71
   Opticians, dispensing                                                                      59,470    16.85     35,060     15.77
   Orthotists and prosthetists                                                                 5,490    31.76     66,060     30.09
   Health technologists and technicians, all other                                            74,990    19.89     41,380     18.25
   Occupational health and safety specialists                                                 53,250    30.31     63,030     29.93
   Occupational health and safety technicians                                                 10,540    22.79     47,410     21.81
   Athletic trainers                                                                          15,070     (2)      41,620      (2)
   Healthcare practitioner and technical workers, all other                                   55,750    24.28     50,510     20.98

Healthcare support occupations                                                             3,779,280    12.66     26,340     11.80
   Home health aides                                                                         892,410    10.31     21,440      9.84
   Nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants                                                1,422,720    11.84     24,620     11.46
   Psychiatric aides                                                                          59,050    13.10     27,260     12.77
   Occupational therapist assistants                                                          25,610    23.29     48,440     23.19
   Occupational therapist aides                                                                7,410    14.22     29,580     12.96
   Physical therapist assistants                                                              61,820    22.26     46,300     22.18
   Physical therapist aides                                                                   44,410    11.91     24,770     11.42
   Massage therapists                                                                         51,250    19.16     39,850     16.78
   Dental assistants                                                                         293,090    15.95     33,170     15.57
   Medical assistants                                                                        475,950    13.97     29,060     13.60
   Medical equipment preparers                                                                44,340    14.08     29,290     13.66
   Medical transcriptionists                                                                  86,200    15.84     32,960     15.41
   Pharmacy aides                                                                             53,190    10.34     21,500      9.66
   Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers                                     71,950    10.96     22,790     10.20
   Healthcare support workers, all other                                                     189,890    14.74     30,650     14.11

Protective service occupations                                                             3,128,960    19.33     40,200     16.65
   First-line supervisors/managers of correctional officers                                   40,840    28.07     58,380     27.58
   First-line supervisors/managers of police and detectives                                   92,840    36.93     76,820     36.29
   First-line supervisors/managers of fire fighting and prevention workers                    53,300    34.07     70,860     32.42
   First-line supervisors/managers, protective service workers, all other                     49,310    22.93     47,700     20.95

   Fire fighters                                                                             298,900    21.97     45,700     21.28
   Fire inspectors and investigators                                                          12,920    26.37     54,840     25.50
   Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists                                           1,580    17.50     36,400     15.09

   Bailiffs                                                                                   19,290    18.79     39,090     18.18
   Correctional officers and jailers                                                         428,040    19.88     41,340     18.45
   Detectives and criminal investigators                                                     104,480    30.69     63,840     29.29
   Fish and game wardens                                                                       7,720    26.94     56,030     23.53
   Parking enforcement workers                                                                 9,530    16.36     34,020     15.57
   Police and sheriff's patrol officers                                                      633,710    25.39     52,810     24.72
   Transit and railroad police                                                                 3,830    23.34     48,540     22.44

   Animal control workers                                                                     15,480    15.38     31,990     14.57
   Private detectives and investigators                                                       35,820    22.35     46,480     20.08
   Gaming surveillance officers and gaming investigators                                       9,100    15.17     31,550     13.87
   Security guards                                                                         1,046,760    12.42     25,840     11.28
   Crossing guards                                                                            68,530    11.68     24,290     10.96
   Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers                 111,560     9.58     19,930      8.87
   Protective service workers, all other                                                      85,440    15.66     32,580     14.00

Food preparation and serving related occupations                                          11,438,550     9.72     20,220      8.59
   Chefs and head cooks                                                                       98,040    20.39     42,410     18.64
   First-line supervisors/managers of food preparation and serving workers                   805,360    14.81     30,810     13.93
   Cooks, fast food                                                                          559,160     8.47     17,620      8.12
   Cooks, institution and cafeteria                                                          370,920    11.19     23,260     10.68
   Cooks, private household                                                                      960    14.91     31,020     11.57
   Cooks, restaurant                                                                         899,620    10.94     22,750     10.57
   Cooks, short order                                                                        168,770     9.73     20,230      9.26
   Cooks, all other                                                                           17,340    11.91     24,770     11.09
   Food preparation workers                                                                  880,480     9.54     19,850      8.96

   Bartenders                                                                                503,420     9.84     20,460      8.54
   Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food                      2,708,840     8.36     17,400      7.90
   Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop                           527,530     8.90     18,520      8.42
   Waiters and waitresses                                                                  2,371,750     9.41     19,580      8.01
   Food servers, nonrestaurant                                                               188,390    10.19     21,190      9.32
   Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers                                416,410     8.72     18,140      8.05
   Dishwashers                                                                               521,150     8.54     17,750      8.19
   Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop                                  349,990     8.93     18,570      8.42
   Food preparation and serving related workers, all other                                    50,420    10.32     21,460      9.39

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations                                  4,429,870    11.72     24,370     10.52
   First-line supervisors/managers of housekeeping and janitorial workers                    183,560    17.46     36,310     16.34
   First-line supervisors/managers of landscaping, lawn service, and
       groundskeeping workers                                                                108,940    20.67     42,990     19.19
   Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners                           2,145,320    11.30     23,500     10.31
   Maids and housekeeping cleaners                                                           917,120     9.76     20,290      9.13
   Building cleaning workers, all other                                                       13,580    13.78     28,660     13.09
   Pest control workers                                                                       63,180    14.92     31,040     14.37
   Landscaping and groundskeeping workers                                                    921,900    11.95     24,860     11.13
   Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation                                  25,060    15.01     31,210     14.31
   Tree trimmers and pruners                                                                  35,420    15.12     31,450     14.41
   Grounds maintenance workers, all other                                                     15,790    13.07     27,180     10.76

Personal care and service occupations                                                      3,437,520    11.59     24,120      9.82
   Gaming supervisors                                                                         26,110    22.40     46,600     21.87
   Slot key persons                                                                           15,390    13.68     28,460     12.24
   First-line supervisors/managers of personal service workers                               129,070    18.38     38,230     16.78
   Animal trainers                                                                            10,030    14.99     31,190     13.11
   Nonfarm animal caretakers                                                                 126,740    10.36     21,550      9.31

   Gaming dealers                                                                             91,130     9.56     19,890      7.84
   Gaming and sports book writers and runners                                                 16,140    10.96     22,800      9.46
   Gaming service workers, all other                                                          13,910    12.16     25,290     11.58
   Motion picture projectionists                                                              10,200    10.91     22,700      9.46
   Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers                                               106,570     9.18     19,100      8.35
   Amusement and recreation attendants                                                       258,820     9.10     18,930      8.40
   Costume attendants                                                                          5,120    15.46     32,150     12.62
   Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants                                        18,170    10.33     21,490      9.48
   Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other                                    43,930    10.06     20,920      9.39
   Embalmers                                                                                   8,090    18.90     39,320     18.32
   Funeral attendants                                                                         33,060    11.19     23,270     10.63
   Barbers                                                                                    10,330    12.79     26,610     11.56
   Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists                                            355,990    12.82     26,660     11.13
   Makeup artists, theatrical and performance                                                  1,930    18.76     39,020     12.63
   Manicurists and pedicurists                                                                51,590    10.60     22,040      9.46
   Shampooers                                                                                 15,570     8.80     18,300      8.32
   Skin care specialists                                                                      26,300    15.40     32,040     13.81

   Baggage porters and bellhops                                                               49,770    11.14     23,170      9.49
   Concierges                                                                                 20,380    13.52     28,120     13.07
   Tour guides and escorts                                                                    31,760    12.09     25,150     11.19
   Travel guides                                                                               4,510    16.18     33,660     14.60
   Flight attendants                                                                          99,480     (2)      39,840      (2)
   Transportation attendants, except flight attendants and baggage porters                    21,870    10.76     22,370      9.98
   Child care workers                                                                        581,670     9.79     20,350      9.12
   Personal and home care aides                                                              614,190     9.47     19,690      9.22
   Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors                                                 229,030    16.50     34,310     14.04
   Recreation workers                                                                        282,680    11.81     24,570     10.56
   Residential advisors                                                                       52,240    12.17     25,320     11.26
   Personal care and service workers, all other                                               75,780    10.88     22,630      9.59

Sales and related occupations                                                             14,336,430    17.35     36,080     11.69
   First-line supervisors/managers of retail sales workers                                 1,186,270    19.19     39,910     16.97
   First-line supervisors/managers of non-retail sales workers                               275,390    38.40     79,870     32.74
   Cashiers                                                                                3,545,610     9.08     18,880      8.49
   Gaming change persons and booth cashiers                                                   22,280    11.00     22,890     10.57

   Counter and rental clerks                                                                 448,480    11.74     24,430     10.05
   Parts salespersons                                                                        226,530    14.83     30,850     13.71
   Retail salespersons                                                                     4,426,280    12.04     25,050      9.86

   Advertising sales agents                                                                  161,550    25.56     53,170     20.90
   Insurance sales agents                                                                    327,780    29.06     60,440     21.84
   Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents                              271,900    44.26     92,050     33.02
   Travel agents                                                                              86,420    15.61     32,470     14.70
   Sales representatives, services, all other                                                569,130    28.38     59,030     23.77
   Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific products     415,120    38.11     79,260     33.75
   Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and scientific
       products                                                                            1,493,760    29.55     61,470     24.68
   Demonstrators and product promoters                                                        83,540    13.05     27,150     11.18
   Models                                                                                      1,660    14.50     30,160     13.18
   Real estate brokers                                                                        51,390    37.13     77,240     27.64
   Real estate sales agents                                                                  164,080    26.16     54,410     19.30
   Sales engineers                                                                            78,030    43.16     89,770     39.95
   Telemarketers                                                                             345,220    11.91     24,770     10.56
   Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers                    9,520    13.27     27,600     10.09
   Sales and related workers, all other                                                      146,480    20.10     41,810     16.99

Office and administrative support occupations                                             23,231,750    15.49     32,220     14.32
   First-line supervisors/managers of office and administrative support workers            1,404,330    23.42     48,700     22.02
   Switchboard operators, including answering service                                        153,860    12.14     25,250     11.65
   Telephone operators                                                                        22,820    16.25     33,800     15.23
   Communications equipment operators, all other                                               3,500    17.79     37,000     16.85

   Bill and account collectors                                                               408,760    15.47     32,180     14.73
   Billing and posting clerks and machine operators                                          512,120    15.44     32,120     14.88
   Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks                                            1,855,010    16.25     33,800     15.63
   Gaming cage workers                                                                        17,060    12.48     25,970     11.97
   Payroll and timekeeping clerks                                                            203,210    17.07     35,500     16.74
   Procurement clerks                                                                         79,610    16.96     35,280     16.72
   Tellers                                                                                   600,380    11.66     24,250     11.35

   Brokerage clerks                                                                           68,430    19.89     41,370     18.61
   Correspondence clerks                                                                      13,450    15.04     31,280     14.73
   Court, municipal, and license clerks                                                      115,070    16.88     35,120     15.96
   Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks                                                   65,020    15.37     31,980     14.61
   Customer service representatives                                                        2,233,270    15.28     31,790     14.36
   Eligibility interviewers, government programs                                             112,510    19.16     39,850     18.90
   File clerks                                                                               204,760    12.16     25,290     11.44
   Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks                                                      230,230     9.92     20,630      9.37

   Interviewers, except eligibility and loan                                                 224,690    13.96     29,040     13.53
   Library assistants, clerical                                                              114,740    11.68     24,290     10.88
   Loan interviewers and clerks                                                              212,340    16.29     33,890     15.61
   New accounts clerks                                                                        87,300    14.90     30,990     14.53
   Order clerks                                                                              248,030    14.08     29,300     13.46
   Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping                                164,340    17.70     36,810     17.19
   Receptionists and information clerks                                                    1,097,610    12.21     25,400     11.80
   Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks                            163,880    15.41     32,060     14.94
   All other information and record clerks                                                   215,780    16.78     34,910     16.15

   Cargo and freight agents                                                                   85,950    18.67     38,830     17.92
   Couriers and messengers                                                                    96,110    12.07     25,100     11.22
   Police, fire, and ambulance dispatchers                                                    96,360    16.99     35,340     16.19
   Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance                                           193,210    17.58     36,560     16.28
   Meter readers, utilities                                                                   44,730    16.77     34,890     15.84
   Postal service clerks                                                                      78,250  c 24.11   c 50,150   c 24.54
   Postal service mail carriers                                                              354,570  c 22.58   c 46,970   c 23.94
   Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators                 185,770  c 21.87   c 45,490   c 24.05
   Production, planning, and expediting clerks                                               281,660    20.26     42,150     19.46
   Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks                                                   760,950    14.03     29,180     13.30
   Stock clerks and order fillers                                                          1,873,390    11.13     23,140     10.00
   Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping                                 72,720    13.70     28,500     12.95

   Executive secretaries and administrative assistants                                     1,491,520    20.35     42,340     19.24
   Legal secretaries                                                                         257,810    20.02     41,640     19.16
   Medical secretaries                                                                       454,500    14.81     30,800     14.27
   Secretaries, except legal, medical, and executive                                       1,872,070    14.42     29,990     13.96

   Computer operators                                                                        107,450    17.82     37,070     17.11
   Data entry keyers                                                                         272,810    13.04     27,110     12.56
   Word processors and typists                                                               128,010    15.73     32,710     15.09
   Desktop publishers                                                                         26,210    18.62     38,740     17.59
   Insurance claims and policy processing clerks                                             237,800    16.75     34,830     15.91
   Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service                             137,350    12.70     26,420     12.07
   Office clerks, general                                                                  2,906,600    12.90     26,830     12.17
   Office machine operators, except computer                                                  79,470    13.13     27,310     12.40
   Proofreaders and copy markers                                                              15,300    15.50     32,240     14.66
   Statistical assistants                                                                     16,900    17.32     36,020     16.76
   Office and administrative support workers, all other                                      272,190    15.15     31,510     14.10

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                                                   438,490    11.32     23,560      9.34
   First-line supervisors/managers of farming, fishing, and forestry workers                  20,800    20.55     42,740     19.11
   Farm labor contractors                                                                      1,110    17.62     36,640     16.10
   Agricultural inspectors                                                                    14,340    19.87     41,330     19.80
   Animal breeders                                                                             2,080    15.90     33,070     13.02
   Graders and sorters, agricultural products                                                 37,500     9.85     20,490      9.06
   Agricultural equipment operators                                                           22,110    11.77     24,490     10.92
   Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse                                   242,390     9.27     19,280      8.64
   Farmworkers, farm and ranch animals                                                        38,110    11.02     22,920     10.13
   Agricultural workers, all other                                                             7,680    13.13     27,310     12.00
   Fishers and related fishing workers                                                         1,110    13.68     28,460     13.44
   Forest and conservation workers                                                             8,280    12.55     26,110     10.98
   Fallers                                                                                     7,120    16.43     34,180     14.66
   Logging equipment operators                                                                27,010    15.76     32,780     15.18
   Log graders and scalers                                                                     3,610    16.51     34,330     15.64
   Logging workers, all other                                                                  5,180    15.82     32,900     15.96

Construction and extraction occupations                                                    6,548,760    20.36     42,350     18.24
   First-line supervisors/managers of construction trades and extraction workers             577,390    29.46     61,280     27.95
   Boilermakers                                                                               20,400    25.53     53,100     25.13
   Brickmasons and blockmasons                                                               106,270    22.95     47,740     21.94
   Stonemasons                                                                                18,910    19.68     40,930     18.17
   Carpenters                                                                                899,920    20.64     42,940     18.72
   Carpet installers                                                                          34,390    19.87     41,330     17.80
   Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles                                          14,250    19.03     39,580     17.50
   Floor sanders and finishers                                                                 8,220    16.93     35,220     15.41
   Tile and marble setters                                                                    51,210    20.13     41,870     18.85
   Cement masons and concrete finishers                                                      201,730    18.75     39,000     16.87
   Terrazzo workers and finishers                                                              5,550    18.90     39,300     17.25
   Construction laborers                                                                   1,020,290    15.51     32,250     13.71
   Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators                                         61,230    17.54     36,490     16.00
   Pile-driver operators                                                                       4,790    24.83     51,640     23.01
   Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators                            398,910    20.97     43,630     18.88
   Drywall and ceiling tile installers                                                       128,740    19.68     40,940     18.12
   Tapers                                                                                     31,850    22.07     45,900     21.03

   Electricians                                                                              633,010    23.98     49,890     22.32
   Glaziers                                                                                   51,730    18.74     38,990     17.11
   Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall                                               28,390    16.79     34,920     15.34
   Insulation workers, mechanical                                                             30,150    19.99     41,570     17.95
   Painters, construction and maintenance                                                    250,310    17.56     36,510     15.85
   Paperhangers                                                                                4,610    19.00     39,520     16.76
   Pipelayers                                                                                 54,440    17.45     36,300     15.72
   Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters                                                   437,540    23.65     49,200     21.94
   Plasterers and stucco masons                                                               43,290    19.27     40,070     18.01
   Reinforcing iron and rebar workers                                                         28,620    21.34     44,380     19.18
   Roofers                                                                                   120,200    18.00     37,430     16.17
   Sheet metal workers                                                                       163,480    21.30     44,310     19.37
   Structural iron and steel workers                                                          68,670    22.68     47,170     20.68

   Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters                53,300    14.24     29,610     13.19
   Helpers--carpenters                                                                        81,260    12.69     26,390     12.21
   Helpers--electricians                                                                     104,050    13.20     27,450     12.69
   Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons                             19,900    11.70     24,330     11.23
   Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters                               79,870    13.10     27,260     12.73
   Helpers--roofers                                                                           18,730    11.85     24,660     11.47
   Helpers, construction trades, all other                                                    27,210    13.04     27,130     12.01

   Construction and building inspectors                                                       96,000    25.08     52,160     24.12
   Elevator installers and repairers                                                          25,070    32.57     67,750     33.35
   Fence erectors                                                                             25,710    14.49     30,130     13.49
   Hazardous materials removal workers                                                        42,500    19.37     40,290     17.94
   Highway maintenance workers                                                               136,420    16.84     35,040     16.35
   Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators                                      15,020    21.57     44,870     21.26
   Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners                                              24,730    17.09     35,550     16.19
   Segmental pavers                                                                            1,170    13.68     28,450     13.17
   Construction and related workers, all other                                                55,820    16.91     35,170     15.65

   Derrick operators, oil and gas                                                             23,590    20.18     41,980     20.15
   Rotary drill operators, oil and gas                                                        27,020    26.14     54,370     23.94
   Service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining                                               36,850    19.86     41,320     18.07
   Earth drillers, except oil and gas                                                         20,220    19.88     41,360     18.39
   Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters                                 6,060    21.39     44,490     20.18
   Continuous mining machine operators                                                        10,920   21.91     45,570     22.09
   Mine cutting and channeling machine operators                                               9,190    19.96     41,510     19.94
   Mining machine operators, all other                                                         4,650    20.79     43,240     20.62
   Rock splitters, quarry                                                                      4,210    14.50     30,160     13.41
   Roof bolters, mining                                                                        4,950    21.97     45,690     21.74
   Roustabouts, oil and gas                                                                   62,540   15.70     32,660     14.72
   Helpers--extraction workers                                                                25,550    16.36     34,030     15.74
   Extraction workers, all other                                                               7,800    19.89     41,370     18.49

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations                                          5,374,850    19.82     41,230     18.60
   First-line supervisors/managers of mechanics, installers, and repairers                   443,840    28.44     59,160     27.55
   Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers                                  122,400    18.95     39,420     18.18
   Radio mechanics                                                                             5,440    20.45     42,530     19.36
   Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers             195,170    25.31     52,650     26.73
   Avionics technicians                                                                       18,360    23.73     49,360     23.71
   Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers                                          23,400    17.84     37,110     16.96
   Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment              15,860    21.60     44,940     21.37
   Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment                  77,270    23.68     49,260     23.29
   Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay                    23,180    29.18     60,700     29.34
   Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles                              19,980    14.31     29,770     13.29
   Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers                           38,680    16.26     33,830     15.42
   Security and fire alarm systems installers                                                 62,720    18.57     38,630     17.63

   Aircraft mechanics and service technicians                                                116,310    24.83     51,650     24.71
   Automotive body and related repairers                                                     147,200    19.21     39,950     17.81
   Automotive glass installers and repairers                                                  18,330    15.95     33,180     15.44
   Automotive service technicians and mechanics                                              649,460    18.05     37,540     16.88
   Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists                                     248,620    19.57     40,710     18.94
   Farm equipment mechanics                                                                   30,240    15.79     32,850     15.32
   Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines                                          125,930    21.30     44,300     20.59
   Rail car repairers                                                                         20,780    21.59     44,920     21.48
   Motorboat mechanics                                                                        19,640    17.35     36,080     16.60
   Motorcycle mechanics                                                                       16,850    16.10     33,490     15.08
   Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics                                   26,440    14.41     29,970     13.91
   Bicycle repairers                                                                           9,690    11.61     24,140     11.15
   Recreational vehicle service technicians                                                   13,400    16.05     33,380     15.14
   Tire repairers and changers                                                                98,520    11.46     23,830     10.80
   Mechanical door repairers                                                                  17,530    17.00     35,360     16.11
   Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door                         43,900    22.72     47,260     22.62
   Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers                     261,610    20.31     42,240     19.08
   Home appliance repairers                                                                   37,300    17.16     35,690     16.30
   Industrial machinery mechanics                                                            280,620    21.77     45,280     20.99
   Maintenance and repair workers, general                                                 1,305,170    17.13     35,630     16.21
   Maintenance workers, machinery                                                             73,650    18.56     38,610     17.69
   Millwrights                                                                                46,250    24.05     50,030     22.87
   Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons                                          2,450    20.07     41,750     19.78
   Electrical power-line installers and repairers                                            111,580    26.11     54,300     26.49
   Telecommunications line installers and repairers                                          168,050    22.75     47,330     23.12
   Camera and photographic equipment repairers                                                 3,820    18.27     37,990     16.49
   Medical equipment repairers                                                                34,260    21.17     44,030     19.96
   Musical instrument repairers and tuners                                                     5,310    17.28     35,950     15.90
   Watch repairers                                                                             2,770    18.08     37,600     16.66
   Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other                                    12,990    24.23     50,400     23.54

   Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers                               41,280    14.89     30,970     14.39
   Commercial divers                                                                           2,370    26.42     54,940     22.28
   Fabric menders, except garment                                                                960    13.42     27,920     13.69
   Locksmiths and safe repairers                                                              18,500    17.26     35,900     16.57
   Manufactured building and mobile home installers                                            8,290    14.17     29,460     13.58
   Riggers                                                                                    13,490    20.49     42,620     19.77
   Signal and track switch repairers                                                           6,570    23.59     49,060     23.89
   Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers                                    149,350    12.34     25,670     11.46
   Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other                                  139,100    17.89     37,220     16.46

Production occupations                                                                     9,919,120    15.54     32,320     13.99
   First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers                       658,500    25.72     53,500     24.25
   Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers                              43,330    20.96     43,600     21.22
   Coil winders, tapers, and finishers                                                        22,160    13.81     28,720     13.33
   Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers                                            215,230    14.14     29,410     13.22
   Electromechanical equipment assemblers                                                     62,310    14.67     30,520     14.11
   Engine and other machine assemblers                                                        39,270    16.78     34,900     15.70
   Structural metal fabricators and fitters                                                  111,620    16.28     33,860     15.58
   Fiberglass laminators and fabricators                                                      30,890    13.79     28,680     13.48
   Team assemblers                                                                         1,131,060    13.28     27,630     12.32
   Timing device assemblers, adjusters, and calibrators                                        2,700    14.76     30,710     13.73
   Assemblers and fabricators, all other                                                     318,060    15.79     32,840     13.37

   Bakers                                                                                    141,130    12.03     25,020     11.20
   Butchers and meat cutters                                                                 128,210    14.28     29,700     13.60
   Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers                                              166,150    10.77     22,400     10.49
   Slaughterers and meat packers                                                              97,000    11.19     23,270     11.07
   Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders                17,870    13.76     28,610     12.81
   Food batchmakers                                                                           99,170    12.64     26,290     11.62
   Food cooking machine operators and tenders                                                 39,300    11.59     24,110     11.00

   Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic                             143,030    16.60     34,520     16.03
   Numerical tool and process control programmers                                             16,990    22.29     46,360     21.30
   Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic           92,160    14.92     31,030     14.31
   Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic                         28,800    15.56     32,370     14.90
   Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic                         34,970    17.02     35,410     16.40
   Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and
       plastic                                                                               242,970    14.15     29,420     13.54
   Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic        33,550    15.64     32,520     14.83
   Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and
   tenders,  metal and plastic                                                                91,990    15.01     31,230     14.16
   Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic          56,500    16.38     34,070     15.84

   Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic             26,220    16.56     34,450     16.00
   Machinists                                                                                419,070    18.03     37,490     17.41
   Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders                                               19,280    17.94     37,310     17.47
   Pourers and casters, metal                                                                 15,320    16.11     33,510     15.66
   Model makers, metal and plastic                                                             8,990    21.49     44,700     19.55
   Patternmakers, metal and plastic                                                            6,220    18.98     39,490     17.75
   Foundry mold and coremakers                                                                15,240    14.61     30,390     14.13
   Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal
       and plastic                                                                           145,760    14.07     29,270     13.17
   Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic                   87,800    15.76     32,780     14.87
   Tool and die makers                                                                        85,610    23.17     48,180     22.32
   Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers                                                  392,520    17.01     35,370     16.13
   Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders                    51,840    16.20     33,700     15.20
   Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic                 23,630    15.93     33,140     15.40
   Lay-out workers, metal and plastic                                                          8,340    17.87     37,170     16.79
   Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic             40,300    14.46     30,090     13.65
   Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners                                                      16,410    16.29     33,880     15.37
   Metal workers and plastic workers, all other                                               43,690    17.10     35,570     15.61

   Bindery workers                                                                            60,560    13.99     29,100     13.17
   Bookbinders                                                                                 6,150    16.33     33,970     14.92
   Job printers                                                                               42,640    16.98     35,330     16.21
   Prepress technicians and workers                                                           61,170    17.52     36,440     16.84
   Printing machine operators                                                                193,510    16.42     34,150     15.46

   Laundry and dry-cleaning workers                                                          221,230     9.72     20,230      9.14
   Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials                                          67,500     9.55     19,860      9.15
   Sewing machine operators                                                                  190,440    10.43     21,690      9.55
   Shoe and leather workers and repairers                                                      8,170    11.60     24,130     11.00
   Shoe machine operators and tenders                                                          4,910    12.22     25,420     12.06
   Sewers, hand                                                                                7,050    11.14     23,170     10.58
   Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers                                                    31,700    12.94     26,920     12.01
   Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders                                 16,180    11.77     24,480     11.38
   Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders                                    20,170    11.45     23,810     10.88
   Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders                       30,250    12.33     25,650     12.21
   Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders         36,540    11.83     24,600     11.53

   Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and
   glass fibers                                                                               14,440    15.29     31,800     14.98
   Fabric and apparel patternmakers                                                            7,500    20.28     42,190     18.15
   Upholsterers                                                                               39,090    14.69     30,560     13.94
   Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other                                       17,430    13.20     27,450     11.85

   Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters                                                        120,960    14.72     30,620     13.93
   Furniture finishers                                                                        21,630    13.66     28,410     12.93
   Model makers, wood                                                                          1,740    17.16     35,690     15.06
   Patternmakers, wood                                                                         1,930    18.61     38,720     16.35
   Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood                                       51,830    13.01     27,070     12.41
   Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing                         88,510    12.44     25,880     11.89
   Woodworkers, all other                                                                     11,260    12.78     26,570     11.57

   Nuclear power reactor operators                                                             4,970    35.34     73,510     35.25
   Power distributors and dispatchers                                                          9,820    31.76     66,070     31.68
   Power plant operators                                                                      34,700    28.05     58,340     28.11
   Stationary engineers and boiler operators                                                  39,000    24.36     50,660     23.94
   Water and liquid waste treatment plant and system operators                               110,300    19.21     39,950     18.48
   Chemical plant and system operators                                                        44,600    25.07     52,150     25.23
   Gas plant operators                                                                        14,500    26.61     55,350     26.81
   Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers                           45,710    26.42     54,950     26.45
   Plant and system operators, all other                                                      12,370    23.36     48,590     23.37

   Chemical equipment operators and tenders                                                   52,890    21.92     45,580     21.76
   Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, 
   operators,  and tenders                                                                    41,200    18.27     38,010     17.64
   Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders                  41,270    15.08     31,360     14.38
   Grinding and polishing workers, hand                                                       40,290    13.03     27,100     12.36
   Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders                               140,120    15.70     32,650     15.04
   Cutters and trimmers, hand                                                                 24,700    12.28     25,540     11.38
   Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders                                76,500    14.44     30,020     13.85
   Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters,
   operators, and tenders                                                                     85,130    14.63     30,430     13.92
   Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders                               22,950    15.84     32,950     15.31
   Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers                                      467,010    16.29     33,890     15.02
   Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers                                              24,780    17.00     35,360     15.84
   Dental laboratory technicians                                                              42,640    17.78     36,990     16.43
   Medical appliance technicians                                                              12,930    18.58     38,640     16.57
   Ophthalmic laboratory technicians                                                          32,930    14.01     29,130     13.08

   Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders                                       357,480    12.76     26,550     11.73
   Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders                   103,310    14.27     29,680     13.66
   Painters, transportation equipment                                                         50,310    19.37     40,300     17.86
   Painting, coating, and decorating workers                                                  31,200    12.54     26,090     11.57
   Photographic process workers                                                               21,040    14.14     29,410     12.51
   Photographic processing machine operators                                                  49,550    10.93     22,740      9.79
   Semiconductor processors                                                                   32,230    16.43     34,170     15.49

   Cementing and gluing machine operators and tenders                                         19,640    13.96     29,030     13.23
   Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders                      18,870    12.57     26,140     11.53
   Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders                                        9,940    13.11     27,260     12.05
   Etchers and engravers                                                                      10,760    14.14     29,400     13.22
   Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic                                    41,900    13.98     29,090     13.40
   Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders                                       104,170    16.35     34,010     15.91
   Tire builders                                                                              21,740    18.31     38,080     19.35
   Helpers--production workers                                                               499,870    11.21     23,320     10.48
   Production workers, all other                                                             280,160    14.57     30,310     12.86

Transportation and material moving occupations                                             9,508,750    15.12     31,450     13.14
   Aircraft cargo handling supervisors                                                         4,950    22.43     46,660     19.23
   First-line supervisors/managers of helpers, laborers, and material movers, hand           186,230    21.33     44,380     20.18
   First-line supervisors/managers of transportation and material-moving machine and
       vehicle operators                                                                     218,480    25.94     53,960     24.67
   Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers                                             77,090     (2)     119,750      (2)
   Commercial pilots                                                                          31,250     (2)      75,500      (2)
   Air traffic controllers                                                                    24,260    51.97    108,090     53.78
   Airfield operations specialists                                                             8,050    20.46     42,550     19.88

   Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians                     21,790    11.25     23,400     10.77
   Bus drivers, transit and intercity                                                        184,160    17.16     35,700     16.32
   Bus drivers, school                                                                       460,100    13.01     27,060     12.79
   Driver/sales workers                                                                      372,720    12.52     26,050     10.70
   Truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer                                                1,672,580    18.62     38,720     17.92
   Truck drivers, light or delivery services                                                 908,960    14.55     30,260     13.27
   Taxi drivers and chauffeurs                                                               170,520    11.32     23,540     10.36
   Motor vehicle operators, all other                                                         78,610    14.26     29,650     11.97

   Locomotive engineers                                                                       42,760    25.71     53,470     23.29
   Locomotive firers                                                                             970    25.46     52,950     23.17
   Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers                                         5,480    16.76     34,850     15.68
   Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators                                               24,610    23.75     49,400     22.94
   Railroad conductors and yardmasters                                                        39,580    26.02     54,120     25.40
   Subway and streetcar operators                                                              7,430    23.72     49,330     25.59
   Rail transportation workers, all other                                                      4,660    21.25     44,200     21.12

   Sailors and marine oilers                                                                  32,420    17.25     35,880     16.53
   Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels                                               30,600    32.56     67,730     29.79
   Motorboat operators                                                                         3,380    17.54     36,480     15.34
   Ship engineers                                                                             11,190    31.80     66,140     29.18

   Bridge and lock tenders                                                                     4,490    19.20     39,930     19.54
   Parking lot attendants                                                                    136,470     9.67     20,120      9.04
   Service station attendants                                                                 84,480     9.78     20,340      9.11
   Traffic technicians                                                                         7,030    20.10     41,810     19.00
   Transportation inspectors                                                                  24,940    28.46     59,200     26.56
   Transportation workers, all other                                                          43,330    17.11     35,590     15.87

   Conveyor operators and tenders                                                             41,920    14.46     30,090     13.95
   Crane and tower operators                                                                  44,490    21.84     45,430     20.13
   Dredge operators                                                                            1,910    18.77     39,040     16.70
   Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators                                      65,160    18.36     38,180     16.93
   Loading machine operators, underground mining                                               3,670    21.26     44,230     20.54
   Hoist and winch operators                                                                   2,810    19.87     41,340     17.50
   Industrial truck and tractor operators                                                    620,450    14.78     30,750     13.98
   Cleaners of vehicles and equipment                                                        330,850    10.43     21,700      9.35
   Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand                                  2,335,510    11.87     24,690     10.89
   Machine feeders and offbearers                                                            144,820    12.92     26,880     12.29
   Packers and packagers, hand                                                               777,630    10.15     21,100      9.16
   Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators                                            4,050    21.35     44,410     21.45
   Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers                                                     9,280    19.72     41,020     18.81
   Wellhead pumpers                                                                           17,050    18.96     39,430     18.20
   Refuse and recyclable material collectors                                                 129,080    15.76     32,790     14.93
   Shuttle car operators                                                                       3,050    20.53     42,700     20.29
   Tank car, truck, and ship loaders                                                          12,330    19.00     39,510     18.14
   Material moving workers, all other                                                         41,140    16.68     34,700     15.68


   1 Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; 
for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the 
reported survey data.
   2 Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual 
salaries depending on how they are typically paid.
   3 Represents a wage above $80.00 per hour.
   c = corrected.




Table 2.  Employment by industry and occupational group, May 2008

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                  |                                                        Occupational group                                                                                                      
                                  |--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                  |              |               |  Business   |                |               |     Life,    |                |            |                 |   Arts, design, |                 
           Industry               |    Total     |               |     and     |   Computer and |  Architecture |   physical,  |    Community   |            |     Education,  |  entertainment, | Healthcare      
                                  |              |   Management  | financial   |  mathematical  |      and      |  and social  |    and social  |   Legal    |  training, and  |    sports, and  | practitioner    
                                  |              |               | operations  |     science    |  engineering  |    science   |     services   |            |     library     |       media     | and technical   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  All industries                  |  135,185,230 |     6,152,650 |   6,135,520 |      3,308,260 |     2,521,630 |    1,296,840 |      1,861,750 |  1,003,270 |       8,451,250 |       1,804,940 |     7,076,800   
                                  |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing,   |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 
 and hunting .....................|      388,590 |         6,570 |       1,450 |            240 |           100 |        2,540 |            (1) |       (1)  |            (1)  |             100 |           130   
Mining ...........................|      685,650 |        35,160 |      24,430 |          7,100 |        30,260 |       18,810 |            (1) |      1,810 |            (1)  |             290 |         2,640   
Utilities ........................|      557,010 |        34,790 |      39,200 |         17,850 |        48,660 |        9,550 |            (1) |      1,660 |            (1)  |           2,230 |         1,600   
Construction .....................|    7,456,300 |       373,300 |     216,330 |           (1)  |        85,150 |         (1)  |            (1) |      1,490 |            (1)  |            (1)  |         2,340   
Manufacturing ....................|   13,655,340 |       684,380 |     427,000 |        274,110 |       796,630 |      156,620 |            140 |      5,320 |           1,130 |          84,500 |        18,020   
Wholesale trade ..................|    6,011,920 |       342,850 |     230,500 |        174,970 |        64,220 |       31,660 |            320 |      2,430 |             730 |          55,560 |        14,360   
Retail trade .....................|   15,641,530 |       348,420 |     151,780 |         58,530 |         5,190 |        5,240 |            (1) |      1,430 |           5,080 |         114,000 |       455,470   
Transportation and warehousing ...|    5,346,660 |       156,830 |     103,390 |         26,290 |        26,480 |        3,550 |             90 |      1,830 |           1,410 |           4,220 |         4,540   
Information ......................|    3,019,290 |       205,540 |     164,410 |        421,410 |        64,630 |       28,620 |            220 |      6,880 |          15,930 |         487,160 |         1,220   
Finance and insurance ............|    5,916,480 |       468,400 |   1,325,950 |        312,560 |         3,090 |       28,370 |          3,540 |     55,020 |           1,620 |          20,250 |        29,980   
Real estate and rental            |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 
 and leasing .....................|    2,137,390 |       202,450 |     102,260 |         13,530 |         4,720 |        6,200 |          2,010 |      7,360 |             440 |          14,410 |         7,160   
Professional, scientific, and     |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 
 technical services ..............|    7,747,850 |       551,040 |     951,970 |      1,111,220 |       943,450 |      374,760 |          6,540 |    615,400 |          17,800 |         333,720 |       158,910   
Management of companies           |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 
 and enterprises.. ...............|    1,916,450 |       335,670 |     346,150 |        193,750 |        49,940 |       32,440 |         15,290 |     21,720 |           5,530 |          32,870 |        25,000   
Administrative and support        |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 
 and waste management             |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 
 and remediation services ........|    8,379,080 |       243,220 |     303,280 |        145,990 |        75,890 |       30,600 |         13,670 |     22,250 |          35,740 |          49,570 |       190,870   
Educational services              |   12,655,780 |       541,440 |     231,350 |        186,760 |        21,980 |      165,620 |        278,760 |      3,250 |       7,499,790 |         216,430 |       246,230   
Health care and social            |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 
 assistance ......................|  16,499,250  |       557,830 |     226,140 |         88,420 |         5,050 |       86,670 |        948,740 |      4,300 |         534,440 |          32,900 |     5,469,260   
Arts, entertainment, and          |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 
 recreation ......................|  1,974,230   |        67,480 |     37,880  |          5,770 |         1,740 |        4,800 |            320 |        370 |          31,740 |         187,020 |         5,850   
Accommodation and food            |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 
 services ........................|  11,525,590  |       289,390 |     39,620  |          2,640 |           420 |        1,180 |            580 |        270 |             530 |          15,440 |         4,430   
Other services (except            |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 
 public administration) ..........|  3,922,780   |       185,780 |     204,330 |         28,150 |         7,200 |       12,930 |        101,680 |      8,590 |          74,860 |          86,650 |         9,360   
Federal, state, and local         |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 
 government ......................|  9,748,080   |       522,120 |   1,008,090 |        228,840 |       286,850 |      292,790 |        489,100 |    241,880 |         224,110 |          59,650 |       429,430   
                                  |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 
                                  |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 
                                  |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 
                                  |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 
                                  |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 
                                  |              |               |             |   Building and |    Personal   |              |    Office and  |  Farming,  |                 |                 |                 |   Transpor- 
                                  |   Healthcare |    Protective |     Food    |      grounds   |    care and   |    Sales and | administrative |  fishing,  |   Construction  |   Installation, |                 |  tation and 
                                  |     support  |      service  | preparation |   cleaning and |     service   |     related  |      support   |    and     |       and       |    maintenance, |     Production  |    material 
                                  |              |               | and serving |    maintenance |               |              |                |  forestry  |    extraction   |     and repair  |                 |     moving  
                                  |----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                  |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 |             
  All industries                  |    3,779,280 |     3,128,960 |  11,438,550 |      4,429,870 |     3,437,520 |   14,336,430 |     23,231,750 |    438,490 |       6,548,760 |       5,374,850 |       9,919,120 |    9,508,750
                                  |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 |             
Agriculture, forestry, fishing,   |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 |             
 and hunting .....................|        (1)   |           390 |        (1)  |          3,990 |         5,320 |        2,480 |         20,210 |    275,050 |             720 |           7,020 |          12,250 |       49,790
Mining ...........................|        (1)   |          (1)  |         230 |          1,420 |          (1)  |        9,310 |         58,430 |       (1)  |         286,610 |          56,130 |          53,320 |       98,550
Utilities ........................|        (1)   |         4,840 |        (1)  |          3,030 |          (1)  |        9,380 |        114,650 |        270 |          31,970 |         145,150 |          80,220 |       11,730
Construction .....................|        (1)   |         4,840 |        (1)  |         43,460 |         1,270 |      143,020 |        721,860 |       (1)  |       4,908,950 |         555,500 |         110,950 |      262,950
Manufacturing ....................|         810  |        18,440 |      36,520 |         85,440 |           770 |      407,860 |      1,310,160 |     32,520 |         247,470 |         674,560 |       7,161,840 |    1,231,100
Wholesale trade ..................|         970  |         5,320 |       5,390 |         26,420 |         1,330 |    1,609,610 |      1,422,210 |     50,870 |          22,680 |         389,110 |         321,940 |    1,238,450
Retail trade .....................|      58,630  |        69,990 |     487,980 |        126,360 |        88,490 |    8,531,570 |      2,676,430 |     20,200 |          55,130 |         790,200 |         429,280 |    1,161,480
Transportation and warehousing ...|         200  |        18,510 |       7,700 |         36,860 |       153,690 |       89,640 |      1,552,790 |      2,870 |          29,690 |         292,930 |          71,620 |    2,761,530
Information ......................|         150  |         5,430 |      42,950 |         11,990 |        55,280 |      403,730 |        659,520 |       (1)  |           4,640 |         304,690 |          71,870 |       63,020
Finance and insurance ............|       2,100  |        12,250 |       1,570 |         13,720 |         1,090 |      745,350 |      2,871,320 |        180 |           1,330 |          12,150 |           3,080 |        3,550
Real estate and rental            |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 |             
 and leasing .....................|       4,490  |        30,890 |      21,950 |        159,130 |        24,130 |      533,080 |        483,130 |        950 |          31,820 |         331,970 |          11,460 |      143,860
Professional, scientific, and     |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 |             
 technical services ..............|      71,320  |        11,820 |       5,900 |         38,550 |        31,690 |      350,730 |      1,855,440 |      5,140 |          64,550 |          76,040 |         114,560 |       57,310
Management of companies           |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 |             
 and enterprises.. ...............|       7,370  |         8,790 |      13,870 |         11,520 |         8,770 |       98,030 |        562,140 |      1,270 |           9,240 |          44,590 |          31,080 |       61,430
Administrative and support        |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 |             
 and waste management             |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 |             
 and remediation services ........|      99,550  |       718,470 |        (1)  |      1,711,110 |        63,450 |      523,730 |      1,861,270 |       (1)  |         300,910 |         204,330 |         741,830 |      943,490
Educational services .............|      37,640  |       108,270 |     466,480 |        541,700 |       214,270 |       38,720 |      1,358,930 |      2,870 |          41,160 |         148,340 |          20,720 |      285,060
Health care and social            |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 |             
 assistance ......................|   3,303,300  |        68,440 |     527,940 |        455,710 |     1,058,470 |       56,170 |      2,710,180 |        860 |          17,180 |         126,960 |         107,950 |      112,350
Arts, entertainment, and          |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 |             
 recreation ......................|       5,480  |        76,300 |     321,790 |        193,190 |       561,700 |      155,390 |        187,370 |      3,590 |           9,750 |          69,870 |           6,550 |       40,290
Accommodation and food            |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 |             
 services ........................|       7,880  |        67,470 |   9,194,110 |        606,500 |       143,540 |      331,150 |        428,190 |        560 |           4,430 |          98,790 |          77,170 |      211,300
Other services (except            |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 |             
 public administration) ..........|      33,010  |        46,640 |     102,730 |        106,710 |       729,010 |      232,130 |        602,300 |      1,260 |          14,020 |         658,830 |         324,420 |      352,200
Federal, state, and local         |              |               |             |                |               |              |                |            |                 |                 |                 |             
 government ......................|     146,140  |     1,851,220 |     112,190 |        253,060 |       295,090 |       65,340 |      1,775,220 |     26,440 |         466,500 |         387,720 |         167,020 |      419,290
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   1 Data not available.




Table 3.  Hourly median wage rates by industry and occupational group, May 2008 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                  |                                                        Occupational group                                                                                        
                                  |------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                  |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
           Industry               |            |    Business  |               |              |      Life,  |                |          |               |  Arts, design, |               |            
                                  |            |       and    |  Computer and | Architecture |   physical, |   Community    |          |    Education, | entertainment, |   Healthcare  | Healthcare 
                                  | Management |    financial | mathematical  |     and      |  and social |  and social    |   Legal  | training, and |   sports, and  | practitioner  |   support  
                                  |            |   operations |     science   |  engineering |     science |   services     |          |     library   |      media     | and technical |            
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                  |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
  All industries                  |      $42.15|     $27.89   |        $34.26 |      $32.09  |     $27.51  |         $18.38 |   $34.49 |        $21.26 |        $19.99  |       $27.20  |     $11.80 
                                  |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
Agriculture, forestry, fishing    |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 and hunting .....................|       33.43|      25.01   |         28.40 |       26.93  |      18.55  |            (1) |      (1) |           (1) |         15.73  |        30.14  |        (1) 
Mining ...........................|       47.88|      30.34   |         33.82 |       40.95  |      33.52  |            (1) |    31.69 |           (1) |         28.46  |        29.67  |        (1) 
Utilities ........................|       50.81|      33.75   |         36.45 |       35.92  |      34.05  |            (1) |    50.97 |           (1) |         30.07  |        33.76  |        (1) 
Construction .....................|       41.31|      28.13   |         29.32 |       30.05  |      26.59  |            (1) |    39.82 |           (1) |           (1)  |        26.75  |      10.97 
Manufacturing ....................|       48.41|      28.78   |         38.30 |       33.04  |      28.58  |          24.99 |    54.14 |         28.88 |         21.57  |        26.92  |      14.54 
Wholesale trade ..................|       49.46|      27.75   |         34.92 |       32.19  |      30.89  |          22.53 |    51.54 |         21.87 |         19.47  |        23.09  |      13.64 
Retail trade .....................|       35.61|      23.11   |         23.76 |       28.20  |      24.35  |          18.00 |    16.97 |         15.51 |         12.85  |        17.15  |       9.77 
Transportation and warehousing ...|       37.71|      27.47   |         32.29 |       30.06  |      28.84  |          20.93 |    53.46 |         25.50 |         20.94  |        22.09  |      13.17 
Information ......................|       54.87|      31.58   |         36.16 |       34.40  |      35.41  |          17.73 |    52.66 |         19.24 |         21.25  |        28.91  |      17.58 
Finance and insurance ............|       50.51|      28.19   |         35.27 |       37.80  |      29.24  |          22.45 |    27.34 |         25.18 |         25.22  |        29.22  |      14.09 
Real estate and rental            |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 and leasing .....................|       27.39|      25.99   |         27.47 |       30.87  |      22.69  |          17.13 |    27.68 |         18.48 |         19.60  |        21.57  |      11.92 
Professional, scientific, and     |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 technical services ..............|       56.96|      30.33   |         36.23 |       30.51  |      27.64  |          19.74 |    35.36 |         23.79 |         23.13  |        19.34  |      10.20 
Management of companies           |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 and enterprises .................|       52.34|      29.57   |         34.96 |       36.89  |      33.07  |          17.84 |    49.03 |         15.94 |         25.91  |        28.59  |      13.90 
Administrative and support        |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 and waste management             |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 and remediation services ........|       39.50|      24.69   |         30.22 |       29.27  |      24.10  |          15.83 |    26.30 |         19.58 |         19.74  |        28.14  |      12.27 
Educational services .............|        (1) |      24.85   |         24.88 |       27.46  |      23.87  |          25.01 |      (1) |         22.18 |         16.53  |        25.16  |      13.84 
Health care and social            |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 assistance ......................|       35.25|      23.88   |         27.81 |       28.46  |      28.52  |          15.97 |    28.15 |         10.93 |         20.50  |        27.73  |      11.74 
Arts, entertainment, and          |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 recreation ......................|       34.59|      24.50   |         25.90 |       37.48  |      20.44  |          14.88 |    58.77 |         17.01 |         17.98  |        17.48  |      16.51 
Accommodation and food            |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 services ........................|       23.87|      20.94   |         24.04 |       28.43  |      21.06  |          12.26 |    36.39 |         11.88 |         15.12  |        21.88  |      14.21 
Other services (except            |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 public administration) ..........|       34.12|      24.04   |         26.92 |       28.76  |      24.12  |          16.45 |    36.95 |         12.76 |         20.72  |        23.46  |      14.32 
Federal, state, and local         |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 government ......................|       38.13|      28.32   |         32.78 |       34.11  |      27.43  |          20.48 |    34.02 |         18.76 |         24.86  |        26.57  |      14.12 
                                  |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
                                  |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
                                  |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
                                  |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
                                  |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
                                  |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
                                  |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
                                  |            |              |  Building and |    Personal  |             |    Office and  | Farming, |               |                |               |  Transpor- 
                                  | Protective |     Food     |   grounds     |   care and   |  Sales and  | administrative | fishing, |  Construction |  Installation, |               | tation and 
                                  |   service  | preparation  | cleaning and  |    service   |   related   |     support    |   and    |      and      |   maintenance, |   Production  |  material  
                                  |            |  and serving |   maintenance |              |             |                | forestry |   extraction  |    and repair  |               |   moving   
                                  |------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                  |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
  All industries                  |     16.65  |        8.59  |        10.52  |         9.82 |      11.69  |         14.32  |     9.34 |        18.24  |         18.60  |        13.99  |     13.14  
                                  |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
Agriculture, forestry, fishing,   |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 and hunting .....................|     10.49  |         (1)  |        10.95  |        11.37 |      23.97  |         12.24  |     8.95 |        14.35  |         14.27  |         9.65  |      9.89  
Mining ...........................|       (1)  |        8.76  |        10.00  |          (1) |      27.65  |         15.00  |      (1) |        19.08  |         20.71  |        19.89  |     17.39  
Utilities ........................|     22.04  |         (1)  |        15.16  |          (1) |      22.84  |         18.29  |    11.11 |        25.82  |         28.06  |        27.98  |     21.02  
Construction .....................|       (1)  |         (1)  |        11.60  |        10.72 |      23.93  |         14.71  |      (1) |        18.16  |         18.45  |        16.35  |     15.56  
Manufacturing ....................|     14.51  |        9.15  |        11.37  |        11.12 |      25.79  |         15.58  |    11.37 |        18.83  |         20.61  |        14.46  |     13.22  
Wholesale trade ..................|     11.74  |        8.46  |        10.95  |        10.18 |      24.38  |         14.44  |     9.52 |        17.44  |         18.60  |        13.40  |     13.35  
Retail trade .....................|     11.61  |        9.21  |         9.74  |         9.02 |       9.62  |         10.75  |     9.67 |        15.94  |         15.76  |        11.97  |      9.87  
Transportation and warehousing ...|     14.93  |       10.64  |        19.26  |        14.65 |      24.85  |         19.57  |    11.95 |        21.75  |         21.97  |        17.54  |     16.52  
Information ......................|     13.75  |        7.94  |        11.03  |         8.15 |      20.10  |         15.67  |      (1) |        23.10  |         26.85  |        15.69  |     11.70  
Finance and insurance ............|     17.95  |       10.46  |        10.47  |        11.75 |      23.49  |         14.57  |    11.39 |        21.77  |         17.59  |        16.06  |     12.30  
Real estate and  rental           |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 and leasing .....................|     12.45  |        9.19  |        10.91  |        11.45 |      12.91  |         13.76  |    11.48 |        18.14  |         14.96  |        13.63  |     11.13  
Professional, scientific, and     |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 technical services ..............|     17.93  |        8.84  |        11.15  |         9.08 |      24.62  |         15.49  |    10.03 |        21.61  |         21.26  |        15.09  |     12.80  
Management of companies           |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 and enterprises .................|     15.74  |       10.15  |        11.29  |        10.95 |      24.13  |         16.17  |    12.18 |        21.46  |         20.63  |        16.16  |     13.70  
Administrative and support        |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 and waste management             |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 and remediation services ........|     10.96  |        9.25  |        10.28  |         9.88 |      12.69  |         12.80  |     9.91 |        14.67  |         16.93  |        10.09  |     10.23  
Educational services .............|     13.99  |        9.98  |        12.71  |        10.83 |      14.03  |         14.66  |      (1) |        21.15  |         17.86  |        18.91  |     12.56  
Health care and social            |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 assistance ......................|     13.50  |        9.78  |        10.15  |         9.31 |      14.52  |         14.12  |     8.90 |        22.04  |         16.66  |        10.22  |     10.63  
Arts, entertainment, and          |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 recreation ......................|     10.06  |        9.07  |        10.21  |         9.54 |       9.41  |         12.55  |    11.17 |        20.88  |         14.89  |        14.25  |     11.05  
Accommodation and food            |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 services ........................|     11.38  |        8.37  |        9.09   |         9.25 |       8.14  |         10.81  |    10.08 |        20.93  |         13.33  |         9.82  |      7.93  
Other services (except            |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 public administration) ..........|      9.62  |        8.66  |        10.12  |        10.52 |      10.42  |         12.82  |    11.66 |        19.16  |         16.42  |        10.54  |      9.34  
Federal, state, and local         |            |              |               |              |             |                |          |               |                |               |            
 government ......................|     22.31  |       10.93  |        13.31  |        10.49 |      12.74  |         16.32  |    16.34 |        19.05  |         21.29  |        20.76  |     17.66  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   1 Data not available.




Table 4.  National employment and wage data for occupations with wages near the all-occupations median, May 2008

	Occupation (1)                                                                 Employment          Median wages      Mean hourly
                                                                                                       Hourly    Annual(2)      wages

       Total, all occupations                                                         135,185,230      $15.57    $32,390       $20.32

Office and administrative support occupations                                          
   Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks                                         1,855,010       15.63     32,510        16.25
   Billing and posting clerks and machine operators                                       512,120       14.88     30,950        15.44
   Insurance claims and policy processing clerks                                          237,800       15.91     33,100        16.75
   All other information and record clerks                                                215,780       16.15     33,600        16.78
   Loan interviewers and clerks                                                           212,340       15.61     32,470        16.29
   Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance                                        193,210       16.28     33,850        17.58
   Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks                         163,880       14.94     31,070        15.41
   Word processors and typists                                                            128,010       15.09     31,390        15.73
   Court, municipal, and license clerks                                                   115,070       15.96     33,200        16.88
   Police, fire, and ambulance dispatchers                                                 96,360       16.19     33,670        16.99
   Meter readers, utilities                                                                44,730       15.84     32,950        16.77
   Telephone operators                                                                     22,820       15.23     31,670        16.25

Production occupations                                                                 
   Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers                                   467,010       15.02     31,240        16.29
   Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers                                               392,520       16.13     33,560        17.01
   Printing machine operators                                                             193,510       15.46     32,170        16.42
   Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic                          143,030       16.03     33,330        16.60
   Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders                            140,120       15.04     31,280        15.70
   Structural metal fabricators and fitters                                               111,620       15.58     32,400        16.28
   Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders                                    104,170       15.91     33,080        16.35
   Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic                87,800       14.87     30,920        15.76
   Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic       56,500       15.84     32,940        16.38
   Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders                 51,840       15.20     31,610        16.20
   Metal workers and plastic workers, all other                                            43,690       15.61     32,460        17.10
   Job printers                                                                            42,640       16.21     33,710        16.98
   Engine and other machine assemblers                                                     39,270       15.70     32,660        16.78
   Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic     33,550       14.83     30,850        15.64
   Semiconductor processors                                                                32,230       15.49     32,230        16.43
   Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic                      28,800       14.90     31,000        15.56
   Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic          26,220       16.00     33,270        16.56
   Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers                                           24,780       15.84     32,940        17.00
   Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic              23,630       15.40     32,030        15.93
   Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders                            22,950       15.31     31,840        15.84
   Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners                                                   16,410       15.37     31,970        16.29
   Pourers and casters, metal                                                              15,320       15.66     32,570        16.11
   Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic
    and glass fibers                                                                       14,440       14.98     31,160        15.29
   Bookbinders                                                                              6,150       14.92     31,040        16.33
   Patternmakers, wood                                                                      1,930       16.35     34,010        18.61
   Model makers, wood                                                                       1,740       15.06     31,320        17.16

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations                                       
   Maintenance and repair workers, general                                              1,305,170       16.21     33,710        17.13
   Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers                        38,680       15.42     32,080        16.26
   Home appliance repairers                                                                37,300       16.30     33,910        17.16
   Farm equipment mechanics                                                                30,240       15.32     31,860        15.79
   Automotive glass installers and repairers                                               18,330       15.44     32,110        15.95
   Mechanical door repairers                                                               17,530       16.11     33,500        17.00
   Motorcycle mechanics                                                                    16,850       15.08     31,360        16.10
   Recreational vehicle service technicians                                                13,400       15.14     31,480        16.05
   Musical instrument repairers and tuners                                                  5,310       15.90     33,080        17.28

Construction and extraction occupations                                                 
   Painters, construction and maintenance                                                 250,310       15.85     32,960        17.56
   Highway maintenance workers                                                            136,420       16.35     34,000        16.84
   Roofers                                                                                120,200       16.17     33,630        18.00
   Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators                                      61,230       16.00     33,270        17.54
   Construction and related workers, all other                                             55,820       15.65     32,550        16.91
   Pipelayers                                                                              54,440       15.72     32,710        17.45
   Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall                                            28,390       15.34     31,900        16.79
   Helpers--extraction workers                                                             25,550       15.74     32,730        16.36
   Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners                                           24,730       16.19     33,680        17.09
   Floor sanders and finishers                                                              8,220       15.41     32,050        16.93

Education, training, and library occupations                                                    
   Teachers and instructors, all other                                                    574,540        (3)      31,100         (3) 

Transportation and material moving occupations                                          
   Bus drivers, transit and intercity                                                     184,160       16.32     33,940        17.16
   Refuse and recyclable material collectors                                              129,080       14.93     31,050        15.76
   Transportation workers, all other                                                       43,330       15.87     33,000        17.11
   Material moving workers, all other                                                      41,140       15.68     32,620        16.68
   Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers                                      5,480       15.68     32,610        16.76
   Motorboat operators                                                                      3,380       15.34     31,910        17.54

Healthcare support occupations                                                          
   Dental assistants                                                                      293,090       15.57     32,380        15.95
   Medical transcriptionists                                                               86,200       15.41     32,060        15.84

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations                               
   First-line supervisors/managers of housekeeping and janitorial workers                 183,560       16.34     33,980        17.46
   
Community and social services occupations                                               
   Rehabilitation counselors                                                              112,700       14.87     30,930        16.64

Healthcare practitioner and technical occupations                                       
   Opticians, dispensing                                                                   59,470       15.77     32,810        16.85

Life, physical, and social science occupations                                          
   Forest and conservation technicians                                                     30,850       15.39     32,000        16.98
   Agricultural and food science technicians                                               18,930       16.34     33,990        17.53

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                                                
   Logging equipment operators                                                             27,010       15.18     31,580        15.76
   Logging workers, all other                                                               5,180       15.96     33,190        15.82
   Log graders and scalers                                                                  3,610       15.64     32,520        16.51
   Farm labor contractors                                                                   1,110       16.10     33,500        17.62
   
Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations                              
   Broadcast technicians                                                                   33,550       15.82     32,900        18.30
  
Protective service occupations                                                          
   Parking enforcement workers                                                              9,530       15.57     32,390        16.36
   Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists                                        1,580       15.09     31,380        17.50


   1 Occupations shown have wages within plus or minus 5 percent of the all-occupation median.  Occupations with employment less than
1,000 are not shown.  Major groups are ranked from highest to lowest total employment in occupations paying near the median wage.  
Within each group, occupations are shown in order of highest to lowest employment.
   2 Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours;
for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the 
reported survey data.
   3 Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual
salaries depending on how they are typically paid.




Table 5.  National employment and wages for bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks by
industry, May 2008

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          |            |            |                  |        
               Industry                   |            | Percent of |    Median wages  |  Mean 
                                          | Employment |occupational|------------------| hourly
                                          |            | employment |  Hourly | Annual |  Wage 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|--------
                                          |            |            |         |        |       
   Total, all industries (1) .............|  1,855,010 |     100.0  |  $15.63 | $32,510| $16.25
                                          |            |            |         |        |       
Accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping, |            |            |         |        |       
 and payroll services.....................|    100,300 |       5.4  |   15.21 |  31,640|  15.88
Management of companies and enterprises...|     80,020 |       4.3  |   16.17 |  33,640|  16.73
Local government (2) .....................|     75,540 |       4.1  |   16.19 |  33,680|  16.58
Depository credit intermediation..........|     56,940 |       3.1  |   14.43 |  30,010|  15.01
Building equipment contractors............|     43,400 |       2.3  |   16.22 |  33,740|  16.84
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
   2 OES designation.  Includes all activities carried out by local government except schools 
and hospitals.




Table 6.  National employment and wages for the 10 largest occupations in the accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping,
 and payroll services industry, May 2008

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              |            |            |                  |        
                                                              |            |            |   Median wages   |        
                          Occupation                          |            | Percent of |------------------|  Mean  
                                                              | Employment |  industry  |        |         | hourly 
                                                              |            |  employment| Hourly |  Annual |  Wage  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping, and payroll     |            |            |        |         |        
                   services (NAICS 541200)                    |            |            |        |         |        
                                                              |            |            |        |         |        
Accountants and auditors......................................|    286,110 |       32.6 | $29.56 | $61,480 | $34.74 
Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks..................|    100,300 |       11.4 |  15.21 |  31,640 |  15.88 
Tax preparers.................................... ............|     61,160 |        7.0 |  14.01 |  29,150 |  16.89 
Office clerks, general......... ..............................|     37,580 |        4.3 |  11.24 |  23,370 |  12.05 
Billing and posting clerks and machine operators..............|     37,160 |        4.2 |  14.57 |  30,300 |  15.35 
Secretaries, except legal, medical, and executive.............|     33,860 |        3.9 |  13.58 |  28,240 |  13.91 
Executive secretaries and administrative assistants...........|     25,870 |        3.0 |  19.34 |  40,230 |  20.41 
Payroll and timekeeping clerks................................|     24,030 |        2.7 |  16.91 |  35,180 |  17.24 
Bill and account collectors...................................|     19,320 |        2.2 |  15.66 |  32,580 |  16.58 
First-line supervisors/managers of office and administrative  |            |            |        |         |        
 support workers..............................................|     17,710 |        2.0 |  23.57 |  49,020 |  25.23 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




Table 7.  States with highest employment and highest employment concentration in selected occupations, May 2008
                                                                                           
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          |                                           
                     Highest employment                   |             Highest employment concentration          
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        |           |            |        |                     |           |            |        
                        |           | Employment | Hourly |                     |           | Employment | Hourly 
        State           | Employment| per 1,000  | median |       State         | Employment| per 1,000  | median 
                        |           |   jobs (1) |  wage  |                     |           |   jobs (1) |  wage  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        |           |            |        |                     |           |            |        
Texas...................|    53,530 |        5.2 | $15.82 |Wyoming .............|     2,630 |        9.3 | $21.29 
California..............|    28,340 |        1.9 |  16.01 |Louisiana............|    15,540 |        8.2 |  18.38 
Pennsylvania............|    16,860 |        3.0 |  16.42 |Oklahoma ............|    11,560 |        7.4 |  14.69 
Illinois................|    16,810 |        2.8 |  16.12 |North Dakota ........|     2,470 |        7.0 |  16.88 
Louisiana...............|    15,540 |        8.2 |  18.38 |South Dakota ........|     2,480 |        6.3 |  13.83 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Insurance claims and policy processing clerks
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        |           |            |        |                     |           |            |        
California .............|    33,630 |        2.2 | $17.33 |Connecticut..........|     7,030 |        4.1 | $18.75 
Texas...................|    14,300 |        1.4 |  15.34 |Nebraska.............|     3,730 |        4.0 |  14.66 
Ohio....................|    12,540 |        2.4 |  15.80 |South Dakota ........|     1,290 |        3.3 |  12.08 
New York ...............|    12,140 |        1.4 |  17.04 |Maine................|     1,760 |        2.9 |  15.07 
Pennsylvania............|    11,860 |        2.1 |  15.72 |Wisconsin............|     7,120 |        2.6 |  15.11 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Painters, construction and maintenance
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        |           |            |        |                     |           |            |        
California .............|    37,000 |        2.4 | $18.76 |Nevada...............|     4,000 |        3.1 | $19.09 
Florida.................|    20,600 |        2.6 |  14.48 |Hawaii...............|     1,910 |        3.1 |  23.14 
Texas...................|    18,400 |        1.8 |  13.82 |Washington...........|     8,890 |        3.1 |  15.85 
New York ...............|    14,370 |        1.7 |  19.83 |Louisiana............|     5,860 |        3.1 |  14.87 
Illinois................|     9,890 |        1.7 |  20.90 |Oregon...............|     4,800 |        2.8 |  14.62 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Dental assistants
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        |           |            |        |                     |           |            |        
California .............|    46,690 |        3.1 | $15.51 |Utah.................|     4,380 |        3.6 | $12.80 
Texas...................|    18,960 |        1.8 |  14.90 |Washington...........|     9,310 |        3.3 |  17.61 
New York ...............|    16,210 |        1.9 |  15.58 |California...........|    46,690 |        3.1 |  15.51 
Florida.................|    15,000 |        1.9 |  16.00 |Idaho................|     1,860 |        2.9 |  13.96 
Illinois................|    12,370 |        2.1 |  15.11 |Alaska ..............|       830 |        2.7 |  19.97 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   1 Represents state employment in selected occupation per 1,000 jobs in state.




Table 8. Metropolitan areas or divisions with highest employment and highest employment concentration in selected occupations, May 2008
                                                                                                                     
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                          |                                                                    
                              Highest employment                          |                    Highest employment concentration                
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      |            |            |         |                                 |            |            |        
                                      |            | Employment | Hourly  |                                 |            | Employment | Hourly 
    Metropolitan area or division     | Employment | per 1,000  | median  |  Metropolitan area or division  | Employment | per 1,000  | median 
                                      |            |  jobs (1)  |  wage   |                                 |            |  jobs (1)  |  wage  
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      |            |            |         |                                 |            |            |        
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX .......|     19,040 |        7.4 |  $17.09 |Houma-Bayou-Thibodaux,LA.........|      2,670 |       28.3 |  $18.09
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA   |            |            |         |                                 |            |            |        
 metropolitan division ...............|      7,740 |        1.9 |   14.36 |Peoria, IL ......................|      3,080 |       16.9 |   15.44
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL         |            |            |         |                                 |            |            |        
 metropolitan division ...............|      7,360 |        1.9 |   16.16 |Odessa, TX ......................|      1,010 |       16.9 |   16.97
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX               |            |            |         |                                 |            |            |        
 metropolitan division ...............|      5,740 |        2.7 |   14.66 |Casper, WY ......................|        640 |       15.8 |   18.52
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA....|      5,150 |        2.1 |   15.39 |Beaumont-Port Arthur,TX .........|      2,370 |       14.8 |   18.63
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Insurance claims and policy processing clerks
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      |            |            |         |                                 |            |            |        
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA   |            |            |         |                                 |            |            |        
 metropolitan division ...............|      9,410 |        2.3 |  $15.30 |Wausau, WI ......................|        750 |       10.8 |  $14.21
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL         |            |            |         |                                 |            |            |        
 metropolitan division ...............|      5,390 |        1.4 |   17.85 |Macon, GA .......................|        790 |        8.0 |   14.39
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ    |            |            |         |Lewiston-Auburn, ME              |            |            |        
 metropolitan division ...............|      5,220 |        1.0 |   18.56 | metropolitan NECTA .............|        370 |        7.6 |   15.70
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX               |            |            |         |Hartford-West Hartford-East      |            |            |        
 metropolitan division ...............|      4,620 |        2.2 |   15.97 | Hartford, CT metropolitan NECTA |      4,250 |        7.4 |   18.99
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA           |            |            |         |                                 |            |            |        
 NECTA division ......................|      4,580 |        2.7 |   19.30 |Chattanooga, TN-GA ..............|      1,700 |        7.3 |   15.00
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       Painters, construction and maintenance
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      |            |            |         |                                 |            |            |        
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ    |            |            |         |                                 |            |            |        
 metropolitan division ...............|      8,400 |        1.6 |  $20.31 |Naples-Marco Island, FL..........|      1,010 |        8.1 |  $14.78
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA   |            |            |         |                                 |            |            |        
 metropolitan division ...............|      7,290 |        1.8 |   17.45 |Beaumont-Port Arthur,TX .........|      1,200 |        7.5 |   14.49
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL         |            |            |         |                                 |            |            |        
 metropolitan division ...............|      6,330 |        1.7 |   21.85 |Bremerton-Silverdale, WA ........|        600 |        7.3 |   21.77
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX .......|      5,700 |        2.2 |   14.41 |Jacksonville, NC ................|        270 |        6.4 |   13.46
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ ..........|      5,250 |        2.8 |   14.41 |Bend, OR ........................|        410 |        6.0 |   14.13
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Dental assistants
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      |            |            |         |                                 |            |            |        
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA   |            |            |         |                                 |            |            |        
 metropolitan division ...............|     11,340 |        2.7 |  $13.96 |Hanford-Corcoran, CA ............|        180 |        4.6 |  $14.23
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ    |            |            |         |                                 |            |            |        
 metropolitan division ...............|      9,510 |        1.8 |   15.68 |Chico, CA .......................|        330 |        4.6 |   13.10
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL         |            |            |         |                                 |            |            |        
 metropolitan division ...............|      8,230 |        2.2 |   15.39 |Vallejo-Fairfield, CA ...........|        540 |        4.3 |   17.00
Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine, CA          |            |            |         |                                 |            |            |        
 metropolitan division ...............|      5,480 |        3.6 |   14.99 |Yuba City, CA ...................|        170 |        4.3 |   15.10
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX .......|      4,840 |        1.9 |   15.80 |Provo-Orem,UT....................|        760 |        4.2 |   12.17
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   1 Represents metropolitan area employment in selected occupation per 1,000 area jobs.




Last Modified Date: May 29, 2009