Technical Note BLS publishes projections for the labor force, the macroeconomy, industry output and employment, and occupational employment. More information is available online: --Labor force: https://www.bls.gov/emp/data/labor-force.htm --Macroeconomy: https://www.bls.gov/emp/data/aggregate-economy.htm --Industry output and employment: https://www.bls.gov/emp/data/industry-out-and-emp.htm --Occupational employment: https://www.bls.gov/emp/data/occupational-data.htm The projections data provide an overview of expected changes in the economy over a decade. The projections focus on long-term structural trends of the economy and do not try to anticipate future business cycle activity. To meet this objective, specific assumptions are made about the labor force, macroeconomy, industry output and employment, and occupational employment. Critical to the production of these projections is the assumption of full employment for the economy in the projected year. The projections are not intended to be a forecast of what the future will be but instead are a description of what would be expected to happen under these specific assumptions and circumstances. When these assumptions are not realized, actual values will differ from projections. Projections methods are heavily based on historical relationships in the data, but BLS also conducts research on factors that are expected to impact employment, particularly those which may not be reflected in historical data, such as new technologies and legislation. Projections are always uncertain, and the exact impact of developments such as new technologies on the labor market ten years out is impossible to predict with precision. BLS issues new projections annually to incorporate new data, research, and analysis. BLS projections assume that technological change impacts the labor market gradually, not suddenly. This assumption has been supported by the historical record; see Michael J. Handel, "Growth trends for selected occupations considered at risk from automation," Monthly Labor Review, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, July 2022, https://doi.org/10.21916/mlr.2022.21. The difference between projected changes in the labor force and in employment does not necessarily imply a labor shortage or surplus. The BLS projections assume labor market equilibrium; that is, one in which labor supply meets labor demand except for some level of frictional unemployment. In addition, the employment and labor force measures use different definitional and statistical concepts. For example, employment is a count of jobs, and one person may hold more than one job. Labor force is a count of employed people, and a person is counted only once regardless of how many jobs they hold. For more information, visit the Employment Projections Methodology page online at https://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/emp/home.htm. Frequently asked questions about the employment projections are online at https://www.bls.gov/emp/frequently-asked-questions.htm. Users and Uses The BLS projections are used by high school and college students, their teachers and parents, jobseekers, career counselors, and guidance specialists to determine jobs in demand. The projections also are used by state workforce agencies to prepare state and area projections that, together with the national projections, are widely used by policymakers to make decisions about education and training, funding allocations, and program offerings. These projections of jobs in demand help improve the alignment between education and training and the hiring needs of employers. In addition, other federal agencies, researchers, and academics use the projections to understand trends in the economy and labor market. Projections of industry and occupational employment are prepared by each state, using input from the BLS national projections. State projections data are available at Projections Central https://www.projectionscentral.org.