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Economic News Release
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JOLTS JLT Program Links

State Job Openings and Labor Turnover Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Friday, January 20, 2023	USDL-23-0073
Technical information:	(202) 691-5870    JoltsInfo@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902    PressOffice@bls.gov

			STATE JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER  NOVEMBER 2022

Job openings rates decreased in 8 states and increased in 7 states on the last business day of November, 
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires rates increased in 4 states and decreased in 3 
states. Total separations rates increased in 6 states and decreased in 2 states. Nationally, the job 
openings, hires, and total separations rates showed little or no change in November. 

This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, total separations, quits, and 
layoffs and discharges for the total nonfarm sector and for all states and the District of Columbia. 

Job Openings

In November, job openings rates decreased in 8 states, increased in 7 states, and were little changed in 
35 states and the District of Columbia. The largest decreases in job openings rates occurred in Virginia 
(-1.3 percentage points) and Hawaii (-1.0 point), as well as in New Hampshire and New Jersey (-0.7 
point each). The largest increases occurred in Wisconsin (+1.0 point) and in Iowa and North Dakota 
(+0.8 point each). Over the month, the national job openings rate was unchanged. (See table A.)

The number of job openings decreased in 9 states, increased in 7 states, and was little changed in 34 
states and the District of Columbia in November. The largest decreases in the job openings level 
occurred in Texas (-76,000), Virginia (-64,000), and New York (-62,000). The largest increases in the 
job openings level occurred in Florida (+85,000), Illinois (+37,000), and Wisconsin (+35,000). 
Nationally, the number of job openings was little changed over the month. (See table A.)

Hires

In November, hires rates increased in 4 states, decreased in 3 states, and were little changed in 43 states 
and the District of Columbia. The largest increases in hires rates occurred in Maine (+1.3 percentage 
points), Iowa (+0.9 point), and North Dakota (+0.7 point). The decreases in hires rates occurred in 
Alabama (-0.9 point), Louisiana (-0.8 point), and Massachusetts (-0.5 point). The national hires rate was 
little changed over the month. (See table B.)

The number of hires increased in 3 states, decreased in 3 states, and was little changed in 44 states and 
the District of Columbia in November. The increases in the hires level occurred in Texas (+57,000), 
Iowa (+14,000), and Maine (+8,000). The decreases in the hires level occurred in Alabama (-20,000), 
Massachusetts (-18,000), and Louisiana (-15,000). Nationally, the number of hires was little changed 
over the month. (See table B.)

Total Separations

In November, total separations rates increased in 6 states, decreased in 2 states, and were little 
changed in 42 states and the District of Columbia. The largest increases in total separations rates 
occurred in Washington (+1.0 percentage point) and Iowa (+0.8 point), as well as in Colorado, 
Connecticut, and Oregon (+0.7 point each). The decreases occurred in Ohio (-0.5 point) and New York 
(-0.4 point). Over the month, the national total separations rate was unchanged. (See table C.)

In November, the number of total separations increased in 6 states, decreased in 2 states, and was little 
changed in 42 states and the District of Columbia. The largest increases in the total separations level 
occurred in California (+76,000), Washington (+37,000), and Colorado (+23,000). The decreases in the 
total separations level occurred in New York (-37,000) and Ohio (-24,000). Nationally, the number of 
total separations was little changed over the month. (See table C.)
 
Quits

In November, quits rates increased in 5 states, decreased in 1 state, and were little changed in 44 states 
and the District of Columbia. The largest increases in quits rates occurred in Washington (+0.7 
percentage point), Iowa (+0.6 point), and California (+0.5 point). The decrease occurred in North 
Carolina (-0.3 point). Over the month, the national quits rate was little changed. (See table D.)

The number of quits increased in 5 states, decreased in 1 state, and was little changed in 44 states and 
the District of Columbia in November. The largest increases in the quits level occurred in California	 
(+86,000), Washington (+26,000), and Indiana (+12,000). The decrease in the quits level occurred in 
North Carolina (-16,000). Nationally, the number of quits was little changed over the month. (See table 
D.)
 
Layoffs and Discharges 

In November, layoffs and discharges rates decreased in 8 states, increased in 2 states, and were little 
changed in 40 states and the District of Columbia. The largest decreases in layoffs and discharges rates 
occurred in Ohio (-0.5 percentage point) and in Indiana, Missouri, and Tennessee (-0.4 point each). The 
increases in layoffs and discharges rates occurred in Alaska (+0.6 point) and New Mexico (+0.5 point). 
Over the month, the national layoffs and discharges rate was unchanged. (See table E.)

The number of layoffs and discharges decreased in 5 states, increased in 2 states, and was little 
changed in 43 states and the District of Columbia in November. The largest decreases in the layoffs and 
discharges levels occurred in New York (-26,000), Ohio (-24,000), and Tennessee (-14,000). The 
increases in the layoffs and discharges level occurred in New Mexico (+5,000) and Alaska (+2,000). 
Nationally, the number of layoffs and discharges was little changed over the month. (See table E.)

For more information, please see the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) interactive 
charts at www.bls.gov/charts/state-job-openings-and-labor-turnover/state-job-openings-rates.htm#.  
	
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey State estimates for December 2022 are scheduled 
to be released on Wednesday, February 15, 2023, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


Table A: States with significant changes in job openings from Oct 2022 to Nov 2022, seasonally adjusted
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)        |                  Rates                          
                       |----------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Oct   |   Nov  | Over-the-month |   Oct  |   Nov  | Over-the-month
                       |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)   |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............|10,512  |10,458  |      -54       |   6.4  |   6.4  |      0.0        
Arkansas...............|   103  |    94  |       -9       |   7.2  |   6.6  |     -0.6
Florida................|   562  |   647  |       85       |   5.6  |   6.3  |      0.7
Hawaii.................|    38  |    31  |       -7       |   5.8  |   4.8  |     -1.0
Illinois...............|   374  |   411  |       37       |   5.8  |   6.3  |      0.5
Iowa...................|   106  |   122  |       16       |   6.3  |   7.1  |      0.8
Maryland...............|   188  |   203  |       15       |   6.4  |   6.9  |      0.5
Massachusetts..........|   264  |   242  |      -22       |   6.6  |   6.1  |     -0.5
Michigan...............|   280  |   306  |       26       |   6.0  |   6.5  |      0.5
Minnesota..............|   206  |   191  |      -15       |   6.5  |   6.1  |     -0.4*
New Hampshire..........|    53  |    48  |       -5       |   7.2  |   6.5  |     -0.7
New Jersey.............|   246  |   213  |      -33       |   5.5  |   4.8  |     -0.7
New York...............|   509  |   447  |      -62       |   5.1  |   4.5  |     -0.6
North Dakota...........|    25  |    29  |        4       |   5.5  |   6.3  |      0.8
Texas..................|   933  |   857  |      -76       |   6.4  |   5.9  |     -0.5
Virginia...............|   356  |   292  |      -64       |   8.0  |   6.7  |     -1.3
Wisconsin..............|   226  |   261  |       35       |   7.1  |   8.1  |      1.0
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant.
   

Table B: States with significant changes in hires from Oct 2022 to Nov 2022, seasonally adjusted
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)        |                  Rates                          
                       |----------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Oct   |   Nov  | Over-the-month |   Oct  |   Nov  | Over-the-month
                       |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)   |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............| 6,111  | 6,055  |      -56       |   4.0  |   3.9  |     -0.1        
Alabama................|   116  |    96  |      -20       |   5.5  |   4.6  |     -0.9
Iowa...................|    57  |    71  |       14       |   3.6  |   4.5  |      0.9
Louisiana..............|   108  |    93  |      -15       |   5.6  |   4.8  |     -0.8
Maine..................|    22  |    30  |        8       |   3.4  |   4.7  |      1.3
Massachusetts..........|   142  |   124  |      -18       |   3.8  |   3.3  |     -0.5
North Dakota...........|    16  |    19  |        3*      |   3.7  |   4.4  |      0.7
Texas..................|   554  |   611  |       57       |   4.1  |   4.5  |      0.4
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant.


Table C: States with significant changes in total separations from Oct 2022 to Nov 2022, seasonally adjusted
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)        |                  Rates                          
                       |----------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Oct   |   Nov  | Over-the-month |   Oct  |   Nov  | Over-the-month
                       |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)   |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............| 5,756  | 5,870  |      114       |   3.8  |   3.8  |      0.0        
California.............|   540  |   616  |       76       |   3.0  |   3.5  |      0.5
Colorado...............|   109  |   132  |       23       |   3.8  |   4.5  |      0.7
Connecticut............|    44  |    55  |       11       |   2.6  |   3.3  |      0.7
Iowa...................|    60  |    73  |       13       |   3.8  |   4.6  |      0.8
New York...............|   270  |   233  |      -37       |   2.8  |   2.4  |     -0.4
Ohio...................|   218  |   194  |      -24       |   4.0  |   3.5  |     -0.5
Oregon.................|    78  |    91  |       13       |   3.9  |   4.6  |      0.7
Washington.............|   114  |   151  |       37       |   3.2  |   4.2  |      1.0
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant.
   
   
Table D: States with significant changes in quits from Oct 2022 to Nov 2022, seasonally adjusted
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)        |                  Rates                          
                       |----------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Oct   |   Nov  | Over-the-month |   Oct  |   Nov  | Over-the-month
                       |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)   |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............| 4,047  | 4,173  |      126       |   2.6  |   2.7  |      0.1        
California.............|   372  |   458  |       86       |   2.1  |   2.6  |      0.5
Connecticut............|    29  |    35  |        6       |   1.7  |   2.1  |      0.4
Indiana................|    93  |   105  |       12       |   2.9  |   3.3  |      0.4
Iowa...................|    43  |    53  |       10       |   2.7  |   3.3  |      0.6
North Carolina.........|   156  |   140  |      -16       |   3.2  |   2.9  |     -0.3
Washington.............|    77  |   103  |       26       |   2.2  |   2.9  |      0.7
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant.
   
   
Table E: States with significant changes in layoffs and discharges from Oct 2022 to Nov 2022, seasonally adjusted
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       |     Levels (in thousands)        |                  Rates                          
                       |----------------------------------|-------------------------------------------------
         State         |  Oct   |   Nov  | Over-the-month |   Oct  |   Nov  | Over-the-month
                       |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)   |  2022  | 2022(p)|    change(p)  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total U.S..............| 1,445  | 1,350  |      -95       |   0.9  |   0.9  |      0.0        
Alaska.................|     6  |     8  |        2       |   1.9  |   2.5  |      0.6
California.............|   133  |   115  |      -18*      |   0.8  |   0.6  |     -0.2
Indiana................|    42  |    29  |      -13       |   1.3  |   0.9  |     -0.4
Minnesota..............|    26  |    18  |       -8*      |   0.9  |   0.6  |     -0.3
Missouri...............|    26  |    14  |      -12       |   0.9  |   0.5  |     -0.4
New Mexico.............|    10  |    15  |        5       |   1.2  |   1.7  |      0.5
New York...............|    95  |    69  |      -26       |   1.0  |   0.7  |     -0.3
Ohio...................|    64  |    40  |      -24       |   1.2  |   0.7  |     -0.5
Tennessee..............|    56  |    42  |      -14       |   1.7  |   1.3  |     -0.4
Texas..................|   107  |    87  |      -20*      |   0.8  |   0.6  |     -0.2
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.
   * Not significant.
Last Modified Date: January 20, 2023