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Economic News Release
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JOLTS JLT Program Links

State Job Openings and Labor Turnover Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Wednesday, February 14, 2024  USDL-24-0267
Technical information:	(202) 691-5870    JoltsInfo@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902    PressOffice@bls.gov

			    STATE JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER  DECEMBER 2023

Job openings rates decreased in 4 states and increased in 3 states on the last business day of December, 
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires rates increased in 2 states and decreased in 1 
state. Total separations rates decreased in 5 states and increased in 2 states. Nationally, the job openings, 
hires, and total separations rates showed little or no change in December. 

This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, total separations, quits, and 
layoffs and discharges for the total nonfarm sector and for all states and the District of Columbia. 

Job Openings

In December, job openings rates decreased in 4 states, increased in 3 states, and were little changed in 
43 states and the District of Columbia. The decreases in job openings rates occurred in Maine  
(-1.1 percentage points) and North Dakota (-0.8 point), as well as in Illinois and Wisconsin  
(-0.6 point each). The increases occurred in Michigan (+1.2 points), Louisiana (+0.7 point), and 
California (+0.4 point). Over the month, the national job openings rate was unchanged. (See table 1.)

The number of job openings decreased in 7 states, increased in 4 states, and was little changed in 39 
states and the District of Columbia in December. The largest decreases in the job openings level 
occurred in Illinois (-42,000), Arizona (-21,000), and Wisconsin (-20,000). The largest increases 
occurred in California (+79,000), Michigan (+63,000), and Louisiana (+15,000). Nationally, the number 
of job openings changed little. (See table 1.)

Hires

In December, hires rates increased in 2 states, decreased in 1 state, and were little changed in 47 states 
and the District of Columbia. The increases in the hires rate occurred in Nevada (+0.9 percentage point) 
and in California (+0.5 point). The decrease occurred in Georgia (-0.7 point). The national hires rate 
changed little over the month. (See table 2.)

The number of hires increased in 4 states, decreased in 1 state, and was little changed in 45 states and 
the District of Columbia in December. The largest increases in the hires level occurred in California 
(+81,000), Arizona (+20,000), and Nevada (+15,000). The decrease occurred in Georgia 
(-36,000). Nationally, the number of hires changed little over the month. (See table 2.)

Total Separations

In December, total separations rates decreased in 5 states, increased in 2 states, and were little changed 
in 43 states and the District of Columbia. The largest decreases in total separations rates occurred in 
Michigan (-1.1 percentage points), and in Oregon and South Dakota (-0.9 point each). The increases 
occurred in Maryland (+0.9 point) and South Carolina (+0.8 point). Over the month, the national total 
separations rate was unchanged. (See table 3.)

The number of total separations decreased in 5 states, increased in 2 states, and was little changed in 
43 states and the District of Columbia in December. The largest decreases in the total separations level 
occurred in Michigan (-50,000), Pennsylvania (-28,000), and Colorado (-20,000). The increases 
occurred in Maryland (+23,000) and South Carolina (+18,000). Nationally, the number of total 
separations changed little over the month. (See table 3.)
 
Quits

In December, quits rates decreased in 9 states, increased in 1 state, and were little changed in 40 states 
and the District of Columbia. The largest decreases in quits rates occurred in Michigan  
(-1.0 percentage point), South Dakota (-0.9 point), and Oregon (-0.8 point). The increase occurred in 
Georgia (+0.6 point). Over the month, the national quits rate was unchanged. (See table 4.)

The number of quits decreased in 10 states, increased in 1 state, and was little changed in 39 states and 
the District of Columbia in December. The largest decreases in the quits level occurred in Michigan  
(-41,000) and Arizona (-17,000), as well as in Indiana and Oregon (-16,000 each). The increase occurred 
in Georgia (+29,000). Nationally, the number of quits was little changed. (See table 4.)

Layoffs and Discharges 
In December, layoffs and discharges rates increased in 3 states and were little changed in 47 states and 
the District of Columbia. The increases occurred in Maryland (+0.7 percentage point), Indiana  
(+0.4 point), and Illinois (+0.3 point). Over the month, the national layoffs and discharges rate was 
unchanged. (See table 5.)

The number of layoffs and discharges increased in 4 states and was little changed in 46 states and the 
District of Columbia in December. The largest increases occurred in Illinois (+21,000), Maryland 
(+20,000), and Indiana (+12,000). Nationally, the number of layoffs and discharges was little changed. 
(See table 5.)

For more information, please see the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) interactive 
charts at www.bls.gov/charts/state-job-openings-and-labor-turnover/state-job-openings-rates.htm#.  
	
_______________
State Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey estimates for January 2024 are scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, March 19, 2024, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).
Last Modified Date: February 14, 2024