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Economic News Release
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

Occupational Employment and Wages News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Thursday, March 31, 2022 				   USDL-22-0556

Technical information:  (202) 691-6569  *  oewsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/oes 
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                      OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES -- MAY 2021


Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations had employment of 8.8 million in May 2021,
representing 6.2 percent of total national employment, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. The largest healthcare practitioners and technical occupations were registered
nurses (3.0 million) and licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses (641,240). The
annual mean wage across all healthcare practitioners and technical occupations was $91,100,
compared with the U.S. average wage of $58,260. (See table 1.)

The Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) program provides employment and wage
estimates for about 830 occupations in the nation, states, and approximately 530 areas.
National data are available by industry for approximately 415 industry classifications and
by ownership across all industries and for the educational services and hospitals industries.
This news release features healthcare practitioners and technical occupations, transportation
and material moving occupations, and protective service occupations, in addition to employment
and wages by typical entry-level educational requirement and STEM (science, technology,
engineering, and mathematics) occupations. National employment and wage information for all
occupations is shown in table 1.

 _______________________________________________________________________________________
|											|
|        Changes to the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) Data         |
|											|
| With the May 2021 estimates release, the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics	|
| (OEWS) program has implemented a new model-based (MB3) estimation method. The May	|
| 2021 OEWS estimates are also the first estimates based entirely on survey data	|
| collected using the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. See the	|
| box notes at the end of this news release for more information.			|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|

 
Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

  --The largest healthcare practitioners and technical occupations were registered nurses
    (3.0 million), licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses (641,240), and pharmacy
    technicians (436,630). (See table 1.) Healthcare practitioners and technical is the larger
    of the two healthcare occupational groups and includes occupations like physicians, 
    surgeons, dentists, nurses, therapists, and health technologists and technicians.

  --The highest paying healthcare practitioners and technical occupations included cardiologists,
    anesthesiologists, and oral and maxillofacial surgeons, all with annual mean wages of more than
    $300,000. These specialist physician and dentist occupations were also among the highest paying
    occupations overall. (See table 1.)

  --The lowest paying healthcare practitioners and technical occupations included dietetic
    technicians ($34,160) and emergency medical technicians ($36,690). (See table 1.) 

  --Half of all healthcare practitioners and technical jobs were in general medical and surgical
    hospitals (3.2 million) or offices of physicians (1.2 million). Industries with the largest
    employment of healthcare practitioners and technical occupations also included outpatient care
    centers (408,420) and health and personal care stores (380,930).

  --California ($115,220), Hawaii ($113,370), and New Jersey ($112,860) were the states with the
    highest wages for healthcare practitioners and technical occupations.

National industry-specific data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrci.htm.

State data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm.

Transportation and material moving occupations

  --Transportation and material moving occupations had employment of 12.6 million, representing
    9.0 percent of U.S. employment, and an annual mean wage of $41,340. (See table 1.)

  --The largest transportation and material moving occupations were laborers and hand freight, 
    stock, and material movers (2.7 million) and stockers and order fillers (2.5 million). (See
    table 1.)

  --The highest paying transportation and material moving occupations were airline pilots, copilots,
    and flight engineers ($198,190) and air traffic controllers ($127,920). (See table 1.)

  --The lowest paying occupations in this group included parking attendants ($29,210) and automotive
    and watercraft service attendants ($29,960). (See table 1.)

  --Transportation and material moving occupations made up 20.3 percent of employment in Stockton-
    Lodi, CA, compared with 9.0 percent nationally. Metropolitan areas with the highest shares of
    transportation and material moving occupations also included Memphis, TN-MS-AR (17.4 percent),
    and Chambersburg-Waynesboro, PA (16.8 percent).

Metropolitan area data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcma.htm.

Protective service occupations

  --Protective service occupations had employment of 3.4 million, representing 2.4 percent of U.S.
    employment. The annual mean wage for protective service occupations was $53,420. (See table 1.)

  --The largest protective service occupations were security guards (1.1 million), police and 
    sheriff's patrol officers (665,380), and correctional officers and jailers (392,600). 
    (See table 1.)

  --The highest paying protective service occupations were first-line supervisors of police and
    detectives ($98,760) and detectives and criminal investigators ($90,370). The lowest paying
    protective service occupations were lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective 
    service workers ($27,320) and school bus monitors ($30,220). (See table 1.)

  --The largest protective service occupation, security guards, had an annual mean wage of $35,830
    nationally. The District of Columbia ($52,840) and Alaska ($49,040) had among the highest average
    wages for this occupation. The lowest paying states for security guards included Mississippi 
    ($27,650) and Alabama ($27,670).

  --About 1.4 million protective service jobs were in local government, excluding schools and hospitals,
    representing 41 percent of employment in this occupational group. After local government, the 
    industries with the largest employment of protective service occupations were investigation and
    security services (721,420) and state government, excluding schools and hospitals (381,880).

Largest occupations

  --The largest occupations overall were retail salespersons (3.7 million), home health and personal
    care aides (3.4 million), cashiers (3.3 million), and fast food and counter workers (3.1 million).
    (See table 1.) 

  --Eight of the 10 largest occupations had below-average wages, including retail salespersons ($31,920)
    and home health and personal care aides ($29,260). (See table 1.) 

  --Of the 10 largest occupations, registered nurses ($82,750) and general and operations managers
    ($115,250) were the only occupations with above-average wages. (See table 1.)

Public sector occupations

  --The public sector made up 15.0 percent of employment and had a different occupational mix from
    the private sector. 

  --Several of the largest public sector occupations were related to education. These occupations
    included elementary school teachers, except special education (public sector employment of 1.2
    million); teaching assistants, except postsecondary (952,910); secondary school teachers, except
    special and career/technical education (877,700); and middle school teachers, except special and
    career/technical education (527,110).

  --Outside of the educational instruction and library group, the occupations with the highest public
    sector employment included police and sheriff's patrol officers (659,050); registered nurses
    (522,500); and janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners (469,960).

Public/private sector ownership data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrci.htm.

Typical entry-level education

  --Preschool teachers, except special education (391,670) and paralegals and legal assistants 
    (336,250) were the largest occupations typically requiring an associate's degree for entry.
    Occupations in this educational category made up about 2 percent of total employment.

  --Occupations typically requiring a high school diploma or the equivalent for entry made up 39
    percent of employment, and occupations typically requiring no formal educational credential for
    entry made up 22 percent of employment. These two educational categories include many production
    and construction occupations, as well as large occupations like retail salespersons and home
    health and personal care aides. 

  --Occupations typically requiring postsecondary education for entry made up nearly 40 percent of
    employment. The largest postsecondary category, occupations typically requiring a bachelor's
    degree for entry, made up over 24 percent of employment. This educational category includes
    registered nurses; teachers at the kindergarten through secondary levels; and many management,
    business and financial operations, computer, and engineering occupations.

  --Average wages were generally higher for occupations requiring more education. Annual mean wages
    were $31,810 for occupations typically requiring no formal educational credential for entry,
    $46,760 for occupations typically requiring a high school diploma or the equivalent, $60,180
    for occupations typically requiring an associate's degree, and $93,590 for occupations typically
    requiring a bachelor's degree.

  --The highest paying occupations typically requiring an associate's degree for entry were air
    traffic controllers ($127,920), nuclear technicians ($95,200), and radiation therapists ($94,000).

The typical education level required to enter an occupation is based on education and training categories
from the BLS Employment Projections program. More information about the system of education and training
categories is available at www.bls.gov/emp/documentation/education/tech.htm. Typical entry-level 
educational requirements assigned to each occupation in the May 2021 OEWS estimates are available at
www.bls.gov/oes/educ_list_2021.xlsx. Additional charts are available at 
www.bls.gov/oes/current/overview_2021.htm.

Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) occupations

  --There were nearly 9.3 million STEM jobs representing 6.6 percent of total U.S. employment.

  --The six largest STEM occupations were related to computers and included software developers (1.4
    million) and computer user support specialists (654,310). (See table 1.) The largest STEM occupations
    not related to computers were civil engineers (304,310) and industrial engineers (293,950). 

  --Areas with the highest employment shares of STEM occupations were California-Lexington Park, MD
    (24.4 percent), and San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA (22.1 percent).

  --Industries with the highest shares of STEM occupations included computer systems design and related
    services (62.5 percent); architectural, engineering, and related services (61.1 percent); and
    software publishers (57.1 percent). 

  --STEM occupations had an annual mean wage of $100,900, compared with $55,260 for non-STEM occupations.
    Ninety-two of the 105 STEM occupations had mean wages significantly above the all-occupations average
    of $58,260. (See table 1.)

  --The highest paying STEM occupations were the three STEM-related management occupations--computer and
    information systems managers ($162,930), architectural and engineering managers ($158,970), and
    natural sciences managers ($156,110)--and physicists ($151,580). (See table 1.)

  --The lowest paying STEM occupations were forest and conservation technicians ($43,420) and 
    agricultural technicians ($44,850). (See table 1.)

Occupations included in the STEM definition used for this news release are available at 
www.bls.gov/oes/stem_list_2021.xlsx. Additional STEM charts are available at 
www.bls.gov/oes/current/overview_2021.htm.

  ________________________________________________________________________________________________
 | 												  |
 |             Changes to the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics Methodology             |
 |												  |
 | With the May 2021 estimates, the OEWS program has implemented a new estimation method. This	  |
 | model-based method, called MB3, has advantages over the previous estimation method, as	  |
 | described in the Monthly Labor Review article at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2019/article/model-	  |
 | based-estimates-for-the-occupational-employment-statistics-program.htm. For more information,  |
 | see the May 2021 Survey Methods and Reliability Statement at www.bls.gov/oes/methods_21.pdf.	  |
 | OEWS estimates for the years 2015-19 were recalculated using the new estimation method and	  |
 | are available as research estimates at www.bls.gov/oes/oes-mb3-methods.htm. 			  |
 |________________________________________________________________________________________________|


  ________________________________________________________________________________________________
 |												  |
 |            Implementing the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) System             |
 |												  |
 | The May 2021 estimates are the first OEWS estimates to be based entirely on survey data	  |
 | collected using the 2018 SOC. May 2021 OEWS data are available for most 2018 SOC detailed	  |
 | occupations. To improve data quality, the OEWS program aggregates some occupations to the 	  |
 | SOC broad occupation level or as OEWS-specific combinations of 2018 SOC detailed occupations.  |
 |________________________________________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note

Scope of the survey

The Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey is a semiannual survey
measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in 
nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OEWS data available from BLS include
cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580
areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas
(MSAs), nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates
at the NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry 
levels; and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools 
and hospitals.

The OEWS survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies
(SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, while
the SWAs collect most of the data. OEWS estimates are constructed from a sample of 
about 1.1 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately
179,000 to 187,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the 
other in November. Responses are obtained by Internet or other electronic means, mail,
email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2021 estimates are based on responses 
from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2021, November 2020,
May 2020, November 2019, May 2019, and November 2018. The unweighted sampled 
employment of 82 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 62
percent of total national employment. The overall national response rate for the six
panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 67.2 percent based on
establishments and 64.5 percent based on weighted sampled employment. 

The occupational coding system

The May 2021 OEWS estimates contain approximately 830 occupational categories based
on the Office of Management and Budget's 2018 Standard Occupational Classification 
(SOC) system. Together, these occupations make up 22 of the 23 SOC major occupational
groups. Major group 55, Military Specific Occupations, is not included. 

For more information about the SOC system, please see the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc/.

The industry coding system

The May 2021 OEWS estimates use the 2017 North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS). For more information about NAICS, see the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

The OEWS survey excludes the majority of the agricultural sector, with the exception of
logging (NAICS 113310), support activities for crop production (NAICS 1151), and 
support activities for animal production (NAICS 1152). Private households (NAICS 814)
also are excluded. OEWS federal government data include the U.S. Postal Service and 
the federal executive branch only. All other industries, including state and local 
government, are covered by the survey.

Survey sample

The OEWS survey draws its sample from state unemployment insurance (UI) files. 
Supplemental sources are used for rail transportation (NAICS 4821) and Guam because
they do not report to the UI program. The OEWS survey sample is stratified by 
metropolitan and nonmetropolitan area, industry, and size.

To provide the most occupational coverage, larger employers are more likely to be 
selected than smaller employers. A census is taken of the executive branch of the 
federal government, the U.S. Postal Service, and state government.

Concepts

Occupational employment is the estimate of total wage and salary employment in an 
occupation. The OEWS survey defines employment as the number of workers who can be 
classified as full- or part-time employees, including workers on paid vacations or 
other types of paid leave; workers on unpaid short-term absences; salaried officers,
executives, and staff members of incorporated firms; employees temporarily assigned 
to other units; and employees for whom the reporting unit is their permanent duty 
station, regardless of whether that unit prepares their paycheck. The survey does not
include the self-employed, owners and partners in unincorporated firms, household 
workers, or unpaid family workers.

Wages for the OEWS survey are straight-time, gross pay, exclusive of premium pay.
Base rate; cost-of-living allowances; guaranteed pay; hazardous-duty pay; incentive
pay, including commissions and production bonuses; and tips are included. Excluded 
are overtime pay, severance pay, shift differentials, nonproduction bonuses, employer
cost for supplementary benefits, and tuition reimbursements.

The responding establishments are instructed to report hourly rates for part-time 
workers and to report annual rates for occupations that are typically paid at an 
annual rate but do not work 2,080 hours per year, such as teachers, pilots, and 
flight attendants. Other workers, such as some entertainment workers, are paid 
hourly rates, but generally do not work 40 hours per week, year round. For these 
workers, only an hourly wage is reported.

OEWS receives wage rate data for the federal government, the U.S. Postal Service,
most state governments, and some local government and private sector establishments.
For the remaining establishments, the OEWS survey data were placed into 12 intervals.
The intervals are defined both as hourly rates and the corresponding annual rates,
where the annual rate for an occupation is calculated by multiplying the hourly wage
rate by a typical work year of 2,080 hours. 

Estimation methodology

The OEWS survey is designed to produce estimates by combining six panels of data 
collected over a 3-year period. Each OEWS panel contains approximately 179,000 to 
187,000 establishments. The full six-panel sample of 1.1 million establishments 
allows the production of estimates at detailed levels of geography, industry, and
occupation.

The May 2021 estimates were produced by a model-based estimation method using three
years of OEWS data (MB3). Under MB3, data provided by survey respondents are used to
model occupational staffing patterns and wages for all unobserved establishments in
the population, including establishments that were not sampled, sampled 
establishments that did not respond, and respondents that did not meet stability 
criteria. 

A donor pool typically consisting of 10 nearest neighbor responding establishments 
is used to predict data for each unobserved establishment; if 10 donors are not 
available, then as few as 5 can be used. Donors are matched to recipients based on
detailed industry, geographic area, ownership, size, and survey panel. Within a 
given donor pool, donors that are more similar to the unobserved establishment are
given more weight in determining the modeled data.

Each establishment's population employment is set as the average of its May 2021 and
November 2020 employment from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, the UI
database from which the OEWS sample is drawn. Using adjustment factors derived from
the OEWS survey data, wages collected in earlier survey panels are adjusted to the
reference date of the estimates and donor wages are adjusted for differences between
donor and recipient characteristics such as geographic area and industry.

Changes and special procedures in the May 2021 estimates

With the May 2021 estimates, the OEWS program has implemented a new estimation 
method. This new model-based method, called MB3, has advantages over the previous
estimation method, as described in the Monthly Labor Review article at 
www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2019/article/model-based-estimates-for-the-occupational-
employment-statistics-program.htm. For more information, see the May 2021 Survey
Methods and Reliability Statement at www.bls.gov/oes/methods_21.pdf. 

The May 2021 estimates are the first OEWS estimates based entirely on survey data 
collected using the 2018 SOC. The May 2019 and May 2020 estimates were based on a 
combination of survey data collected using the 2010 SOC and survey data collected 
using the 2018 SOC and used a hybrid of the two classification systems. See 
www.bls.gov/soc/2018 and www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm#qf10 for more information. 

May 2021 OEWS data are available for most 2018 SOC detailed occupations. To improve 
data quality, the OEWS program has replaced some 2018 SOC detailed occupations with 
SOC broad occupations or OEWS-specific aggregations. 

The May 2021 OEWS estimates use the metropolitan area definitions delineated in 
Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Bulletin 17-01. For more information, please
see www.bls.gov/oes/current/msa_def.htm.

Response rates for the May 2021 estimates were negatively affected by the difficulty
of collecting data from employers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Lower response rates
may negatively affect data availability and data quality.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OEWS data are available at 
www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech 
disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access telecommunications relay services.





Table 1.  National employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics survey by occupation, May 2021
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                          Median
                                     Occupation                                         Employment        Mean wages      hourly
                                                                                                     Hourly    Annual(1)   wages
                                                                                                                                
All occupations                                                                        140,886,310   $28.01    $58,260    $22.00
                                                                                                                                
Management occupations                                                                   8,909,910    59.31    123,370     49.25
   Top executives.....................................................................   3,229,990    57.94    120,520     47.46
    Chief executives..................................................................     200,480   102.41    213,020     86.31
    General and operations managers...................................................   2,984,920    55.41    115,250     47.10
    Legislators.......................................................................      44,590     ()      57,110      ()
   Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers...........     838,050    69.77    145,130     61.62
    Advertising and promotions managers...............................................      22,520    68.68    142,860     61.13
    Marketing and sales managers......................................................     732,490    70.48    146,600     62.18
     Marketing managers...............................................................     278,690    73.77    153,440     64.92
     Sales managers...................................................................     453,800    68.46    142,390     61.30
    Public relations and fundraising managers.........................................      83,040    63.85    132,800     57.62
     Public relations managers........................................................      59,850    66.35    138,000     60.47
     Fundraising managers.............................................................      23,190    57.40    119,400     48.47
   Operations specialties managers....................................................   2,116,020    67.26    139,900     61.13
    Administrative services and facilities managers...................................     325,850    52.69    109,590     47.73
     Administrative services managers.................................................     224,620    54.34    113,030     48.16
     Facilities managers..............................................................     101,230    49.03    101,970     47.08
    Computer and information systems managers.........................................     485,190    78.33    162,930     76.45
    Financial managers................................................................     681,070    73.78    153,460     63.32
    Industrial production managers....................................................     192,270    56.62    117,780     49.59
    Purchasing managers...............................................................      69,310    64.71    134,590     61.13
    Transportation, storage, and distribution managers................................     144,640    50.76    105,580     47.22
    Compensation and benefits managers................................................      15,330    67.05    139,470     61.31
    Human resources managers..........................................................     166,530    65.67    136,590     60.69
    Training and development managers.................................................      35,830    61.92    128,800     57.76
   Other management occupations.......................................................   2,725,860    51.55    107,230     46.94
    Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers................................       5,220    37.71     78,440     35.12
    Construction managers.............................................................     284,750    52.02    108,210     47.55
    Education and childcare administrators............................................     537,100    47.73     99,280     45.68
     Education and childcare administrators, preschool and daycare....................      56,430    25.87     53,800     22.75
     Education administrators, kindergarten through secondary.........................     274,710     ()     102,650      ()
     Education administrators, postsecondary..........................................     155,990    53.49    111,260     46.59
     Education administrators, all other..............................................      49,970    45.54     94,730     43.54
    Architectural and engineering managers............................................     187,100    76.43    158,970     73.25
    Food service managers.............................................................     210,680    30.75     63,970     28.58
    Entertainment and recreation managers.............................................      21,460    36.75     76,430     30.42
     Gambling managers................................................................       3,660    42.88     89,190     36.98
     Entertainment and recreation managers, except gambling...........................      17,800    35.48     73,810     29.81
    Lodging managers..................................................................      35,920    32.58     67,770     28.57
    Medical and health services managers..............................................     436,770    57.61    119,840     48.72
    Natural sciences managers.........................................................      74,760    75.05    156,110     66.30
    Postmasters and mail superintendents..............................................      12,750    39.34     81,820     38.58
    Property, real estate, and community association managers.........................     234,680    33.67     70,030     28.47
    Social and community service managers.............................................     156,400    36.92     76,790     35.58
    Emergency management directors....................................................      10,320    40.77     84,800     36.89
    Personal service managers.........................................................      20,060    35.75     74,360     29.02
     Funeral home managers............................................................      12,710    39.86     82,900     35.58
     Personal service managers, all other.............................................       7,350    28.65     59,580     29.02
    Managers, all other...............................................................     497,890    62.36    129,710     59.93
                                                                                                                                
Business and financial operations occupations                                            9,053,790    39.72     82,610     36.81
   Business operations specialists....................................................   6,152,960    38.64     80,380     36.56
    Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes.................      12,480    55.97    116,410     37.70
    Buyers and purchasing agents......................................................     439,020    34.88     72,540     30.51
    Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators........................     289,580    34.06     70,850     31.11
     Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators...................................     278,140    34.11     70,960     31.29
     Insurance appraisers, auto damage................................................      11,430    32.78     68,180     30.13
    Compliance officers...............................................................     334,340    36.45     75,810     34.45
    Cost estimators...................................................................     208,950    35.45     73,740     31.33
    Human resources workers...........................................................     805,080    34.24     71,210     30.04
     Human resources specialists......................................................     740,830    34.00     70,720     29.95
     Farm labor contractors...........................................................         440    26.16     54,400     22.97
     Labor relations specialists......................................................      63,810    37.05     77,070     37.03
    Logisticians and project management specialists...................................     933,180    45.45     94,530     39.43
     Logisticians.....................................................................     189,320    38.09     79,230     37.03
     Project management specialists...................................................     743,860    47.32     98,420     45.43
    Management analysts...............................................................     768,450    48.33    100,530     44.71
    Meeting, convention, and event planners...........................................      98,150    27.81     57,850     23.79
    Fundraisers.......................................................................      82,080    31.19     64,870     29.17
    Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists..............................      87,750    35.49     73,810     30.83
    Training and development specialists..............................................     336,030    32.51     67,620     29.60
    Market research analysts and marketing specialists................................     727,540    36.58     76,080     30.73
    Business operations specialists, all other........................................   1,030,330    38.10     79,240     35.90
   Financial specialists..............................................................   2,900,840    41.99     87,350     37.16
    Accountants and auditors..........................................................   1,318,550    40.37     83,980     37.14
    Property appraisers and assessors.................................................      58,340    33.68     70,050     29.49
    Budget analysts...................................................................      47,440    40.50     84,240     38.43
    Credit analysts...................................................................      68,770    42.32     88,030     37.23
    Financial analysts and advisors...................................................     716,930    51.13    106,340     39.29
     Financial and investment analysts................................................     291,880    49.53    103,020     44.03
     Personal financial advisors......................................................     263,030    57.67    119,960     45.27
     Insurance underwriters...........................................................     107,690    38.43     79,940     36.73
     Financial risk specialists.......................................................      54,320    53.18    110,610     48.08
    Financial examiners...............................................................      60,750    46.24     96,180     39.14
    Credit counselors and loan officers...............................................     371,400    37.52     78,040     29.82
     Credit counselors................................................................      31,230    24.25     50,430     22.87
     Loan officers....................................................................     340,170    38.74     80,570     30.47
    Tax examiners, collectors and preparers, and revenue agents.......................     135,460    26.80     55,750     23.51
     Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents.................................      52,270    30.38     63,200     27.30
     Tax preparers....................................................................      83,190    24.56     51,080     22.26
    Financial specialists, all other..................................................     123,200    38.64     80,370     35.21
                                                                                                                                
Computer and mathematical occupations                                                    4,654,750    48.01     99,860     46.90
   Computer occupations...............................................................   4,389,910    47.89     99,620     46.84
    Computer and information analysts.................................................     662,370    50.40    104,840     47.92
     Computer systems analysts........................................................     505,150    49.14    102,210     47.73
     Information security analysts....................................................     157,220    54.46    113,270     49.33
    Computer and information research scientists......................................      30,840    68.58    142,650     63.22
    Computer support specialists......................................................     830,510    29.11     60,550     27.84
     Computer network support specialists.............................................     176,200    34.30     71,350     30.17
     Computer user support specialists................................................     654,310    27.72     57,650     23.93
    Database and network administrators and architects................................     621,900    49.25    102,440     47.44
     Computer network architects......................................................     168,830    58.01    120,650     57.94
     Database administrators..........................................................      85,870    46.42     96,550     46.50
     Database architects..............................................................      50,440    58.58    121,840     59.34
     Network and computer systems administrators......................................     316,760    43.87     91,250     38.75
    Software and web developers, programmers, and testers.............................   1,874,100    54.68    113,720     49.49
     Computer programmers.............................................................     152,610    46.46     96,650     44.71
     Software developers..............................................................   1,364,180    58.17    120,990     58.05
     Software quality assurance analysts and testers..................................     190,120    46.97     97,710     47.22
     Web developers...................................................................      84,820    39.09     81,320     37.03
     Web and digital interface designers..............................................      82,380    45.90     95,460     38.41
    Computer occupations, all other...................................................     370,190    47.20     98,180     45.80
   Mathematical science occupations...................................................     264,840    49.90    103,800     47.44
    Actuaries.........................................................................      23,040    60.24    125,300     50.91
    Mathematicians....................................................................       1,770    54.05    112,430     51.97
    Operations research analysts......................................................      98,700    46.07     95,830     39.59
    Statisticians.....................................................................      31,370    47.81     99,450     45.95
    Data scientists...................................................................     105,980    52.24    108,660     48.52
    Mathematical science occupations, all other.......................................       3,970    37.48     77,960     30.03
                                                                                                                            
Architecture and engineering occupations                                                 2,436,520    44.10     91,740     38.39
   Architects, surveyors, and cartographers...........................................     176,840    39.85     82,880     37.34
    Architects, except naval..........................................................     117,830    42.98     89,400     38.16
     Architects, except landscape and naval...........................................     100,400    44.19     91,900     38.55
     Landscape architects.............................................................      17,430    36.05     74,980     32.67
    Surveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetrists...................................      59,000    33.59     69,870     29.78
     Cartographers and photogrammetrists..............................................      12,610    35.34     73,510     33.12
     Surveyors........................................................................      46,390    33.12     68,880     29.62
   Engineers..........................................................................   1,631,080    50.00    104,000     47.62
    Aerospace engineers...............................................................      56,640    59.12    122,970     58.78
    Agricultural engineers............................................................       1,120    41.99     87,350     39.73
    Bioengineers and biomedical engineers.............................................      17,190    48.57    101,020     46.83
    Chemical engineers................................................................      24,180    58.58    121,840     50.75
    Civil engineers...................................................................     304,310    45.91     95,490     42.33
    Computer hardware engineers.......................................................      73,750    65.50    136,230     61.62
    Electrical and electronics engineers..............................................     293,190    53.21    110,670     48.93
     Electrical engineers.............................................................     186,020    51.87    107,890     48.28
     Electronics engineers, except computer...........................................     107,170    55.53    115,490     50.39
    Environmental engineers...........................................................      42,660    48.18    100,220     46.55
    Industrial engineers, including health and safety.................................     316,820    45.92     95,520     45.82
     Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors.......      22,870    47.93     99,700     47.62
     Industrial engineers.............................................................     293,950    45.77     95,200     45.82
    Marine engineers and naval architects.............................................       7,380    47.03     97,820     44.89
    Materials engineers...............................................................      21,530    49.02    101,950     47.26
    Mechanical engineers..............................................................     278,240    46.64     97,000     45.82
    Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers................       7,370    48.29    100,450     46.68
    Nuclear engineers.................................................................      12,670    58.54    121,760     57.87
    Petroleum engineers...............................................................      22,100    70.06    145,720     62.91
    Engineers, all other..............................................................     151,940    51.83    107,800     48.38
   Drafters, engineering technicians, and mapping technicians.........................     628,600    30.01     62,420     28.99
    Drafters..........................................................................     185,200    29.66     61,680     28.99
     Architectural and civil drafters.................................................     101,310    29.14     60,620     29.01
     Electrical and electronics drafters..............................................      20,830    32.26     67,090     29.57
     Mechanical drafters..............................................................      47,760    30.12     62,650     28.94
     Drafters, all other..............................................................      15,300    28.04     58,330     26.08
    Engineering technologists and technicians, except drafters........................     387,330    31.06     64,600     29.18
     Aerospace engineering and operations technologists and technicians...............      10,900    35.34     73,510     35.37
     Civil engineering technologists and technicians..................................      64,170    27.89     58,000     28.04
     Electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians..............     101,450    33.21     69,070     30.60
     Electro-mechanical and mechatronics technologists and technicians................      11,590    30.71     63,880     29.02
     Environmental engineering technologists and technicians..........................      14,910    27.21     56,590     23.27
     Industrial engineering technologists and technicians.............................      62,030    29.44     61,230     28.95
     Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians.............................      40,180    30.47     63,390     29.07
     Calibration technologists and technicians........................................       8,500    30.19     62,800     29.01
     Engineering technologists and technicians, except drafters, all other............      73,600    32.83     68,290     29.78
    Surveying and mapping technicians.................................................      56,070    23.95     49,810     22.55
                                                                                                                                
Life, physical, and social science occupations                                           1,273,640    38.81     80,730     34.97
   Life scientists....................................................................     304,980    44.80     93,190     38.53
    Agricultural and food scientists..................................................      31,920    38.45     79,970     35.66
     Animal scientists................................................................       2,790    38.65     80,390     31.29
     Food scientists and technologists................................................      13,510    40.46     84,150     37.66
     Soil and plant scientists........................................................      15,610    36.68     76,290     32.09
    Biological scientists.............................................................     117,460    45.18     93,970     39.75
     Biochemists and biophysicists....................................................      35,050    54.55    113,460     49.17
     Microbiologists..................................................................      19,430    42.22     87,820     38.11
     Zoologists and wildlife biologists...............................................      15,930    33.80     70,300     31.08
     Biological scientists, all other.................................................      47,050    43.27     90,010     39.68
    Conservation scientists and foresters.............................................      32,040    32.73     68,080     30.65
     Conservation scientists..........................................................      22,550    32.81     68,230     30.65
     Foresters........................................................................       9,500    32.56     67,710     30.82
    Medical scientists................................................................     116,740    49.44    102,830     43.58
     Epidemiologists..................................................................       8,180    41.70     86,740     37.90
     Medical scientists, except epidemiologists.......................................     108,550    50.02    104,050     45.82
    Life scientists, all other........................................................       6,820    45.40     94,430     39.18
   Physical scientists................................................................     244,340    46.32     96,340     39.47
    Astronomers and physicists........................................................      21,950    72.36    150,510     70.89
     Astronomers......................................................................       1,930    67.02    139,410     61.62
     Physicists.......................................................................      20,020    72.88    151,580     73.29
    Atmospheric and space scientists..................................................       8,520    46.58     96,880     45.47
    Chemists and materials scientists.................................................      87,290    43.43     90,330     38.34
     Chemists.........................................................................      80,600    42.85     89,130     38.19
     Materials scientists.............................................................       6,690    50.38    104,790     48.12
    Environmental scientists and geoscientists........................................     106,910    41.82     86,980     37.66
     Environmental scientists and specialists, including health.......................      76,890    39.06     81,240     36.79
     Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers...............................      23,620    49.78    103,550     40.23
     Hydrologists.....................................................................       6,390    45.57     94,780     40.40
    Physical scientists, all other....................................................      19,680    54.43    113,220     50.05
   Social scientists and related workers..............................................     246,680    43.66     90,810     38.89
    Economists........................................................................      15,640    58.09    120,830     50.79
    Survey researchers................................................................       8,850    31.10     64,690     28.72
    Psychologists.....................................................................     129,620    44.28     92,100     38.96
     Industrial-organizational psychologists..........................................         610    54.48    113,320     50.63
     Clinical and counseling psychologists............................................      58,100    47.90     99,640     39.67
     School psychologists.............................................................      57,110    39.80     82,770     37.88
     Psychologists, all other.........................................................      13,800    47.12     98,010     49.47
    Sociologists......................................................................       2,640    46.28     96,260     44.67
    Urban and regional planners.......................................................      38,940    39.09     81,310     37.74
    Miscellaneous social scientists and related workers...............................      50,990    43.19     89,840     39.61
     Anthropologists and archeologists................................................       6,650    32.12     66,800     29.76
     Geographers......................................................................       1,440    41.70     86,740     40.97
     Historians.......................................................................       2,910    34.68     72,130     30.74
     Political scientists.............................................................       5,650    57.90    120,430     58.90
     Social scientists and related workers, all other.................................      34,330    43.70     90,900     40.59
   Life, physical, and social science technicians.....................................     349,540    25.91     53,890     23.25
    Agricultural and food science technicians.........................................      25,090    22.23     46,240     21.49
     Agricultural technicians.........................................................      13,560    21.56     44,850     19.44
     Food science technicians.........................................................      11,530    23.01     47,870     22.40
    Biological technicians............................................................      76,150    24.89     51,770     23.15
    Chemical technicians..............................................................      57,690    26.46     55,040     23.56
    Environmental science and geoscience technicians..................................      46,860    25.88     53,830     23.01
     Environmental science and protection technicians, including health...............      34,110    24.30     50,550     22.78
     Geological technicians, except hydrologic technicians............................       9,210    28.40     59,080     23.23
     Hydrologic technicians...........................................................       3,550    34.50     71,760     29.94
    Nuclear technicians...............................................................       5,360    45.77     95,200     47.76
    Social science research assistants................................................      28,690    27.13     56,430     23.90
    Forest and conservation technicians...............................................      30,440    20.87     43,420     18.89
    Miscellaneous life, physical, and social science technicians......................      79,250    27.83     57,880     24.21
     Forensic science technicians.....................................................      17,020    32.14     66,850     29.78
     Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other........................      62,230    26.65     55,420     23.57
   Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians.........................     128,090    36.13     75,150     36.00
    Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians........................     128,090    36.13     75,150     36.00
     Occupational health and safety specialists.......................................     106,340    37.86     78,740     37.29
     Occupational health and safety technicians.......................................      21,750    27.67     57,560     24.58

Community and social service occupations                                                 2,239,680    25.94     53,960     23.28
   Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists.....   2,157,410    25.94     53,950     23.27
    Counselors........................................................................     781,830    27.12     56,410     23.73
     Educational, guidance, and career counselors and advisors........................     296,370    30.33     63,090     29.09
     Marriage and family therapists...................................................      54,800    28.69     59,660     23.98
     Rehabilitation counselors........................................................      90,310    21.51     44,740     18.54
     Substance abuse, behavioral disorder, and mental health counselors...............     310,880    25.72     53,490     23.33
     Counselors, all other............................................................      29,480    23.91     49,730     21.71
    Social workers....................................................................     677,440    27.83     57,880     24.23
     Child, family, and school social workers.........................................     340,050    26.39     54,880     23.63
     Healthcare social workers........................................................     173,860    29.96     62,310     29.25
     Mental health and substance abuse social workers.................................     113,810    27.79     57,800     23.62
     Social workers, all other........................................................      49,730    30.29     63,010     29.42
    Miscellaneous community and social service specialists............................     698,130    22.78     47,380     20.43
     Health education specialists.....................................................      55,830    31.22     64,930     29.13
     Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists........................      92,140    30.43     63,290     28.97
     Social and human service assistants..............................................     398,380    19.45     40,460     18.08
     Community health workers.........................................................      61,010    22.97     47,780     22.40
     Community and social service specialists, all other..............................      90,770    24.28     50,510     22.78
   Religious workers..................................................................      82,280    26.13     54,340     23.35
    Clergy............................................................................      50,790    27.51     57,230     23.90
    Directors, religious activities and education.....................................      21,000    25.42     52,880     22.59
    Religious workers, all other......................................................      10,490    20.81     43,290     18.03

Legal occupations                                                                        1,178,140    54.38    113,100     39.63
   Lawyers, judges, and related workers...............................................     744,760    69.46    144,470     61.32
    Lawyers and judicial law clerks...................................................     695,810    70.30    146,220     61.39
     Lawyers..........................................................................     681,010    71.17    148,030     61.54
     Judicial law clerks..............................................................      14,800    30.16     62,730     24.40
    Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers...................................      48,950    57.54    119,690     53.15
     Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers....................      13,840    50.08    104,160     49.30
     Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators.........................................       7,320    29.98     62,350     23.76
     Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates.......................................      27,790    68.52    142,520     71.17
   Legal support workers..............................................................     433,380    28.46     59,190     26.38
    Paralegals and legal assistants...................................................     336,250    28.04     58,330     27.03
    Miscellaneous legal support workers...............................................      97,130    29.89     62,170     24.78
     Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers......................................      51,040    25.19     52,390     22.74
     Legal support workers, all other.................................................      46,090    35.10     73,000     28.75

Educational instruction and library occupations                                          8,191,930    29.88     62,140     27.51
   Postsecondary teachers.............................................................   1,340,560     ()      95,200      ()
    Business teachers, postsecondary..................................................      79,640     ()     105,720      ()
    Math and computer science teachers, postsecondary.................................      81,740     ()      88,730      ()
     Computer science teachers, postsecondary.........................................      37,600     ()      89,610      ()
     Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary.....................................      44,140     ()      87,980      ()
    Engineering and architecture teachers, postsecondary..............................      41,380     ()     113,150      ()
     Architecture teachers, postsecondary.............................................       5,950     ()      98,600      ()
     Engineering teachers, postsecondary..............................................      35,440     ()     115,590      ()
    Life sciences teachers, postsecondary.............................................      57,440     ()      98,430      ()
     Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary....................................       8,570     ()      97,520      ()
     Biological science teachers, postsecondary.......................................      47,690     ()      98,710      ()
     Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary........................       1,180     ()      93,510      ()
    Physical sciences teachers, postsecondary.........................................      48,420     ()      97,110      ()
     Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary...........      10,250     ()     102,840      ()
     Chemistry teachers, postsecondary................................................      20,260     ()      94,060      ()
     Environmental science teachers, postsecondary....................................       5,440     ()      92,210      ()
     Physics teachers, postsecondary..................................................      12,460     ()      99,480      ()
    Social sciences teachers, postsecondary...........................................     108,100     ()      94,340      ()
     Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary..............................       5,010     ()     102,110      ()
     Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary.......................       9,040     ()      91,680      ()
     Economics teachers, postsecondary................................................      11,790     ()     124,090      ()
     Geography teachers, postsecondary................................................       3,440     ()      88,150      ()
     Political science teachers, postsecondary........................................      14,060     ()      98,980      ()
     Psychology teachers, postsecondary...............................................      36,060     ()      88,390      ()
     Sociology teachers, postsecondary................................................      12,550     ()      87,850      ()
     Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other...............................      16,140     ()      87,320      ()
    Health teachers, postsecondary....................................................     259,890     ()     119,880      ()
     Health specialties teachers, postsecondary.......................................     191,830     ()     133,310      ()
     Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary..................................      68,060     ()      82,040      ()
    Education and library science teachers, postsecondary.............................      63,100     ()      77,260      ()
     Education teachers, postsecondary................................................      58,780     ()      76,990      ()
     Library science teachers, postsecondary..........................................       4,330     ()      80,850      ()
    Law, criminal justice, and social work teachers, postsecondary....................      40,170     ()      97,720      ()
     Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary.....................      13,790     ()      81,730      ()
     Law teachers, postsecondary......................................................      14,110     ()     130,820      ()
     Social work teachers, postsecondary..............................................      12,280     ()      77,650      ()
    Arts, communications, history, and humanities teachers, postsecondary.............     239,610     ()      85,110      ()
     Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary....................................      94,720     ()      86,240      ()
     Communications teachers, postsecondary...........................................      27,330     ()      84,580      ()
     English language and literature teachers, postsecondary..........................      58,480     ()      82,680      ()
     Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary..........................      19,640     ()      82,990      ()
     History teachers, postsecondary..................................................      18,590     ()      86,460      ()
     Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary..................................      20,850     ()      88,260      ()
    Miscellaneous postsecondary teachers..............................................     321,050     ()      82,100      ()
     Family and consumer sciences teachers, postsecondary.............................       2,730     ()      93,230      ()
     Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary...........................      13,860     ()      79,080      ()
     Career/technical education teachers, postsecondary...............................     105,440    30.35     63,130     28.77
     Postsecondary teachers, all other................................................     199,020     ()      92,200      ()
   Preschool, elementary, middle, secondary, and special education teachers...........   4,021,070     ()      64,870      ()
    Preschool and kindergarten teachers...............................................     512,400    20.70     43,060     17.65
     Preschool teachers, except special education.....................................     391,670    17.53     36,460     14.52
     Kindergarten teachers, except special education..................................     120,730     ()      64,490      ()
    Elementary and middle school teachers.............................................   1,933,120     ()      67,030      ()
     Elementary school teachers, except special education.............................   1,329,280     ()      67,080      ()
     Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education............     592,000     ()      66,880      ()
     Career/technical education teachers, middle school...............................      11,840     ()      69,410      ()
    Secondary school teachers.........................................................   1,104,600     ()      69,490      ()
     Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education.........   1,020,240     ()      69,530      ()
     Career/technical education teachers, secondary school............................      84,360     ()      68,960      ()
    Special education teachers........................................................     470,960     ()      68,880      ()
     Special education teachers, preschool............................................      21,130     ()      71,970      ()
     Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school...................     187,070     ()      67,090      ()
     Special education teachers, middle school........................................      79,070     ()      68,860      ()
     Special education teachers, secondary school.....................................     145,690     ()      70,100      ()
     Special education teachers, all other............................................      38,000     ()      71,330      ()
   Other teachers and instructors.....................................................     941,530    22.35     46,490     17.94
    Adult basic education, adult secondary education, and English as a second                                                   
     language instructors.............................................................      38,260    29.16     60,650     28.71
    Self-enrichment teachers..........................................................     216,910    23.67     49,230     20.95
    Substitute teachers, short-term...................................................     374,620    18.47     38,410     14.47
    Tutors............................................................................     147,100    20.09     41,780     17.53
    Teachers and instructors, all other...............................................     164,650     ()      62,200      ()
   Librarians, curators, and archivists...............................................     228,900    26.69     55,520     23.59
    Archivists, curators, and museum technicians......................................      28,110    28.28     58,830     24.09
     Archivists.......................................................................       6,120    29.75     61,880     28.87
     Curators.........................................................................      11,030    30.71     63,880     28.90
     Museum technicians and conservators..............................................      10,960    25.02     52,030     22.90
    Librarians and media collections specialists......................................     127,790    30.86     64,180     29.42
    Library technicians...............................................................      73,000    18.79     39,070     17.78
   Other educational instruction and library occupations..............................   1,659,870     ()      38,620      ()
    Farm and home management educators................................................      10,620    27.90     58,040     24.03
    Instructional coordinators........................................................     184,740    33.92     70,560     30.64
    Teaching assistants...............................................................   1,308,560     ()      32,640      ()
     Teaching assistants, postsecondary...............................................     121,290     ()      41,170      ()
     Teaching assistants, except postsecondary........................................   1,187,270     ()      31,760      ()
    Educational instruction and library workers, all other............................     155,950    23.87     49,650     22.26

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations                               1,815,290    31.78     66,100     24.61
   Art and design workers.............................................................     609,150    28.32     58,910     23.18
    Artists and related workers.......................................................      83,070    45.83     95,330     38.94
     Art directors....................................................................      42,080    55.50    115,430     48.51
     Craft artists....................................................................       3,740    19.58     40,730     17.27
     Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators....................       9,430    33.18     69,010     29.24
     Special effects artists and animators............................................      20,430    41.45     86,220     37.88
     Artists and related workers, all other...........................................       7,390    32.33     67,240     29.61
    Designers.........................................................................     526,080    25.56     53,160     22.29
     Commercial and industrial designers..............................................      27,940    38.31     79,680     37.03
     Fashion designers................................................................      19,310    40.22     83,650     37.24
     Floral designers.................................................................      36,000    15.43     32,100     14.36
     Graphic designers................................................................     204,040    28.83     59,970     24.38
     Interior designers...............................................................      61,970    30.08     62,570     29.01
     Merchandise displayers and window trimmers.......................................     159,790    17.08     35,520     15.41
     Set and exhibit designers........................................................       6,850    30.27     62,960     26.37
     Designers, all other.............................................................      10,190    35.33     73,480     29.96
   Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers............................     438,600    34.55     71,870     23.78
    Actors, producers, and directors..................................................     168,350    45.85     95,360     37.06
     Actors...........................................................................      30,100    31.31       ()      23.48
     Producers and directors..........................................................     138,250    49.01    101,950     37.98
    Athletes, coaches, umpires, and related workers...................................     215,690     ()      54,390      ()
     Athletes and sports competitors..................................................      12,320     ()     116,930      ()
     Coaches and scouts...............................................................     193,740     ()      50,550      ()
     Umpires, referees, and other sports officials....................................       9,620     ()      51,710      ()
    Dancers and choreographers........................................................       7,850    24.17     50,280     19.47
     Dancers..........................................................................       3,850    24.49       ()      18.78
     Choreographers...................................................................       3,990    23.86     49,630     20.53
    Musicians, singers, and related workers...........................................      33,640    38.57       ()      29.35
     Music directors and composers....................................................       9,560    31.29     65,080     23.62
     Musicians and singers............................................................      24,080    41.46       ()      30.49
    Miscellaneous entertainers and performers, sports and related workers.............      13,070    23.60       ()      17.59
     Disc jockeys, except radio.......................................................       4,770    21.82       ()      15.70
     Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other...............       8,300    24.62       ()      17.96
   Media and communication workers....................................................     573,200    34.50     71,760     29.97
    Broadcast announcers and radio disc jockeys.......................................      24,580    26.97     56,110     18.09
    News analysts, reporters, and journalists.........................................      39,080    30.40     63,230     23.26
    Public relations specialists......................................................     242,710    35.22     73,250     30.19
    Writers and editors...............................................................     185,810    37.96     78,950     34.44
     Editors..........................................................................      88,780    36.73     76,400     30.46
     Technical writers................................................................      47,620    39.17     81,470     37.53
     Writers and authors..............................................................      49,410    39.00     81,120     33.42
    Miscellaneous media and communication workers.....................................      81,010    28.68     59,650     24.03
     Interpreters and translators.....................................................      52,170    28.08     58,400     23.61
     Court reporters and simultaneous captioners......................................      12,300    31.36     65,240     29.03
     Media and communication workers, all other.......................................      16,540    28.56     59,400     23.99
   Media and communication equipment workers..........................................     194,350    28.35     58,970     23.52
    Broadcast, sound, and lighting technicians........................................      90,940    26.80     55,750     23.46
     Audio and video technicians......................................................      50,590    26.59     55,310     23.47
     Broadcast technicians............................................................      25,270    24.66     51,280     21.51
     Sound engineering technicians....................................................      10,800    32.38     67,360     29.09
     Lighting technicians.............................................................       4,280    27.89     58,020     24.75
    Photographers.....................................................................      38,420    23.18     48,210     18.73
    Television, video, and film camera operators and editors..........................      48,320    33.66     70,020     29.02
     Camera operators, television, video, and film....................................      20,280    29.69     61,740     23.67
     Film and video editors...........................................................      28,030    36.54     76,000     30.13
    Media and communication equipment workers, all other..............................      16,670    33.31     69,290     30.41
                                                                                                                                
Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations                                       8,787,730    43.80     91,100     36.08
   Healthcare diagnosing or treating practitioners....................................   5,772,460    53.92    112,160     39.07
    Chiropractors.....................................................................      35,810    39.06     81,240     36.06
    Dentists..........................................................................     124,680    85.47    177,770     78.47
     Dentists, general................................................................     108,680    80.37    167,160     77.10
     Oral and maxillofacial surgeons..................................................       5,330   149.74    311,460      ()
     Orthodontists....................................................................       5,140   128.50    267,280      ()
     Prosthodontists..................................................................         790    69.10    143,730     48.54
     Dentists, all other specialists..................................................       4,750    86.25    179,400     84.21
    Dietitians and nutritionists......................................................      66,690    31.55     65,620     29.64
    Optometrists......................................................................      38,720    60.31    125,440     59.76
    Pharmacists.......................................................................     312,550    60.43    125,690     61.81
    Physician assistants..............................................................     132,940    57.43    119,460     58.43
    Podiatrists.......................................................................       8,840    76.15    158,380     70.11
    Therapists........................................................................     687,440    40.42     84,080     37.82
     Occupational therapists..........................................................     127,830    43.02     89,470     41.14
     Physical therapists..............................................................     225,350    44.67     92,920     45.97
     Radiation therapists.............................................................      16,050    45.19     94,000     39.80
     Recreational therapists..........................................................      16,980    25.91     53,900     23.05
     Respiratory therapists...........................................................     133,410    32.78     68,190     29.73
     Speech-language pathologists.....................................................     147,470    41.26     85,820     38.01
     Exercise physiologists...........................................................       6,860    25.98     54,030     23.05
     Therapists, all other............................................................      13,490    31.26     65,030     28.61
    Veterinarians.....................................................................      77,260    52.84    109,920     48.26
    Registered nurses.................................................................   3,047,530    39.78     82,750     37.31
    Nurse anesthetists................................................................      43,950    97.34    202,470     94.04
    Nurse midwives....................................................................       7,750    54.91    114,210     54.24
    Nurse practitioners...............................................................     234,690    56.75    118,040     58.02
    Audiologists......................................................................      13,240    41.37     86,050     37.96
    Physicians........................................................................     641,380   121.38    252,480      ()
     Anesthesiologists................................................................      31,130   159.22    331,190      ()
     Cardiologists....................................................................      18,610   170.18    353,970      ()
     Dermatologists...................................................................       9,230   145.55    302,740      ()
     Emergency medicine physicians....................................................      36,180   149.35    310,640      ()
     Family medicine physicians.......................................................     102,930   113.43    235,930      ()
     General internal medicine physicians.............................................      58,260   116.44    242,190      ()
     Neurologists.....................................................................       7,120   128.68    267,660      ()
     Obstetricians and gynecologists..................................................      21,570   142.41    296,210      ()
     Pediatricians, general...........................................................      33,620    95.40    198,420     81.96
     Physicians, pathologists.........................................................      11,010   128.45    267,180      ()
     Psychiatrists....................................................................      25,520   120.08    249,760      ()
     Radiologists.....................................................................      29,530   145.06    301,720      ()
     Physicians, all other............................................................     256,670   111.30    231,500      ()
    Surgeons..........................................................................      58,280   141.60    294,520      ()
     Ophthalmologists, except pediatric...............................................      11,610   129.85    270,090      ()
     Orthopedic surgeons, except pediatric............................................      16,260   147.22    306,220      ()
     Pediatric surgeons...............................................................         820   139.57    290,310      ()
     Surgeons, all other..............................................................      29,590   143.17    297,800      ()
    Miscellaneous healthcare diagnosing or treating practitioners.....................     240,690    40.65     84,550     37.45
     Acupuncturists...................................................................       7,250    34.51     71,770     29.12
     Dental hygienists................................................................     207,190    39.12     81,360     37.41
     Healthcare diagnosing or treating practitioners, all other.......................      26,250    54.44    113,230     48.22
   Health technologists and technicians...............................................   2,887,210    24.18     50,300     22.55
    Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians.................................     318,780    27.36     56,910     27.79
    Diagnostic related technologists and technicians..................................     408,390    34.03     70,780     32.26
     Cardiovascular technologists and technicians.....................................      55,760    29.82     62,020     29.12
     Diagnostic medical sonographers..................................................      78,640    38.79     80,680     37.38
     Nuclear medicine technologists...................................................      17,140    40.79     84,850     37.86
     Radiologic technologists and technicians.........................................     216,380    31.97     66,490     29.50
     Magnetic resonance imaging technologists.........................................      38,070    37.41     77,820     37.19
     Medical dosimetrists.............................................................       2,400    59.98    124,750     61.19
    Emergency medical technicians and paramedics......................................     257,910    19.94     41,480     17.76
     Emergency medical technicians....................................................     161,400    17.64     36,690     17.05
     Paramedics.......................................................................      96,510    23.80     49,500     22.48
    Health practitioner support technologists and technicians.........................     845,080    19.31     40,170     17.78
     Dietetic technicians.............................................................      21,610    16.42     34,160     14.19
     Pharmacy technicians.............................................................     436,630    18.25     37,970     17.66
     Psychiatric technicians..........................................................      93,410    18.27     38,000     17.58
     Surgical technologists...........................................................     109,060    25.77     53,590     23.33
     Veterinary technologists and technicians.........................................     118,670    18.39     38,250     17.72
     Ophthalmic medical technicians...................................................      65,700    19.77     41,120     17.87
    Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses.................................     641,240    24.93     51,850     23.11
    Medical records specialists.......................................................     180,570    23.23     48,310     22.43
    Opticians, dispensing.............................................................      73,270    20.70     43,060     18.06
    Miscellaneous health technologists and technicians................................     161,980    24.96     51,910     22.42
     Orthotists and prosthetists......................................................      10,410    38.38     79,820     36.27
     Hearing aid specialists..........................................................      10,790    28.83     59,960     28.61
     Health technologists and technicians, all other..................................     140,770    23.67     49,230     21.98
   Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations...........................     128,060    29.55     61,470     26.19
    Health information technologists and medical registrars...........................      37,900    29.53     61,410     26.71
    Miscellaneous health practitioners and technical workers..........................      90,160    29.56     61,490     25.97
     Athletic trainers................................................................      26,070     ()      54,650      ()
     Genetic counselors...............................................................       2,740    41.65     86,640     38.54
     Surgical assistants..............................................................      17,250    28.45     59,170     23.23
     Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other........................      44,100    31.19     64,880     28.25
                                                                                                                               
Healthcare support occupations                                                           6,603,680    16.02     33,330     14.37
   Home health and personal care aides; and nursing assistants, orderlies, and                                                  
    psychiatric aides.................................................................   4,765,620    14.64     30,440     14.24
    Home health and personal care aides...............................................   3,366,480    14.07     29,260     14.15
    Nursing assistants, orderlies, and psychiatric aides..............................   1,399,130    16.01     33,290     14.56
     Nursing assistants...............................................................   1,314,830    15.99     33,250     14.57
     Orderlies........................................................................      45,160    16.08     33,440     14.42
     Psychiatric aides................................................................      39,140    16.65     34,640     14.55
   Occupational therapy and physical therapist assistants and aides...................     181,410    25.91     53,900     27.87
    Occupational therapy assistants and aides.........................................      45,350    29.69     61,760     29.58
     Occupational therapy assistants..................................................      41,980    30.56     63,560     29.68
     Occupational therapy aides.......................................................       3,370    18.86     39,230     16.14
    Physical therapist assistants and aides...........................................     136,050    24.65     51,280     23.64
     Physical therapist assistants....................................................      93,660    29.20     60,740     29.42
     Physical therapist aides.........................................................      42,390    14.60     30,370     14.04
   Other healthcare support occupations...............................................   1,656,660    18.93     39,360     17.97
    Massage therapists................................................................      81,030    23.68     49,260     22.55
    Miscellaneous healthcare support occupations......................................   1,575,620    18.68     38,860     17.94
     Dental assistants................................................................     347,170    20.44     42,510     18.59
     Medical assistants...............................................................     727,760    18.36     38,190     17.88
     Medical equipment preparers......................................................      61,170    20.40     42,420     18.37
     Medical transcriptionists........................................................      55,830    16.45     34,220     14.47
     Pharmacy aides...................................................................      43,560    16.61     34,560     14.39
     Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers...........................      98,970    15.28     31,780     14.32
     Phlebotomists....................................................................     132,750    18.49     38,450     17.97
     Healthcare support workers, all other............................................     108,410    19.56     40,690     18.14
                                                                                                                                
Protective service occupations                                                           3,385,030    25.68     53,420     22.40
   Supervisors of protective service workers..........................................     342,810    38.95     81,010     37.16
    First-line supervisors of law enforcement workers.................................     182,700    43.32     90,110     39.15
     First-line supervisors of correctional officers..................................      54,470    33.53     69,750     29.91
     First-line supervisors of police and detectives..................................     128,230    47.48     98,760     47.76
    First-line supervisors of firefighting and prevention workers.....................      80,890    40.03     83,270     37.61
    Miscellaneous first-line supervisors, protective service workers..................      79,230    27.75     57,730     25.23
     First-line supervisors of security workers.......................................      55,450    26.48     55,080     24.15
     First-line supervisors of protective service workers, all other..................      23,780    30.73     63,910     29.33
   Firefighting and prevention workers................................................     334,670    26.88     55,910     24.49
    Firefighters......................................................................     317,310    26.58     55,290     24.38
    Fire inspectors...................................................................      17,370    32.32     67,230     30.33
     Fire inspectors and investigators................................................      14,600    33.50     69,680     31.06
     Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists................................       2,770    26.12     54,340     20.48
   Law enforcement workers............................................................   1,200,060    31.91     66,370     29.42
    Bailiffs, correctional officers, and jailers......................................     409,020    25.66     53,380     23.04
     Bailiffs.........................................................................      16,420    25.16     52,340     23.23
     Correctional officers and jailers................................................     392,600    25.69     53,420     23.04
    Detectives and criminal investigators.............................................     107,890    43.45     90,370     40.21
    Fish and game wardens.............................................................       6,730    27.98     58,190     29.20
    Parking enforcement workers.......................................................       7,450    22.14     46,050     22.40
    Police officers...................................................................     668,970    34.01     70,740     31.06
     Police and sheriff's patrol officers.............................................     665,380    34.02     70,750     31.06
     Transit and railroad police......................................................       3,590    33.45     69,570     31.21
   Other protective service workers...................................................   1,507,480    17.44     36,280     15.17
    Animal control workers............................................................      11,600    20.49     42,620     18.83
    Private detectives and investigators..............................................      28,860    29.31     60,970     28.55
    Security guards and gambling surveillance officers................................   1,066,280    17.24     35,860     15.13
     Gambling surveillance officers and gambling investigators........................       9,190    18.31     38,080     17.04
     Security guards..................................................................   1,057,100    17.23     35,830     15.13
    Miscellaneous protective service workers..........................................     400,740    17.04     35,450     15.11
     Crossing guards and flaggers.....................................................      82,690    17.15     35,670     15.12
     Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers........     114,320    13.14     27,320     12.32
     Transportation security screeners................................................      48,320    22.30     46,380     21.86
     School bus monitors..............................................................      55,310    14.53     30,220     13.99
     Protective service workers, all other............................................     100,110    20.27     42,160     18.37
                                                                                                                                
Food preparation and serving related occupations                                        11,201,480    14.16     29,450     13.65
   Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers................................   1,170,410    19.77     41,130     17.85
    Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers...............................   1,170,410    19.77     41,130     17.85
     Chefs and head cooks.............................................................     129,810    27.37     56,920     24.11
     First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers...................   1,040,600    18.82     39,150     17.58
   Cooks and food preparation workers.................................................   3,281,610    14.13     29,380     13.99
    Cooks.............................................................................   2,498,260    14.21     29,560     14.00
     Cooks, fast food.................................................................     768,130    12.25     25,490     11.63
     Cooks, institution and cafeteria.................................................     392,860    15.15     31,520     14.38
     Cooks, private household.........................................................         440    20.80     43,260     20.63
     Cooks, restaurant................................................................   1,193,860    15.21     31,630     14.43
     Cooks, short order...............................................................     124,800    13.51     28,110     13.73
     Cooks, all other.................................................................      18,170    16.05     33,390     14.77
    Food preparation workers..........................................................     783,350    13.85     28,810     13.84
   Food and beverage serving workers..................................................   5,627,500    13.23     27,520     12.50
    Bartenders........................................................................     485,330    14.59     30,340     12.67
    Fast food and counter workers.....................................................   3,095,120    12.53     26,060     12.07
    Waiters and waitresses............................................................   1,804,030    13.95     29,010     12.50
    Food servers, nonrestaurant.......................................................     243,030    14.19     29,500     13.81
   Other food preparation and serving related workers.................................   1,121,960    13.06     27,170     13.17
    Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers........................     336,970    13.31     27,690     13.06
    Dishwashers.......................................................................     377,040    13.15     27,350     13.52
    Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop..........................     324,690    12.50     26,000     11.83
    Food preparation and serving related workers, all other...........................      83,240    13.83     28,760     14.00
                                                                                                                                
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations                                4,108,810    16.23     33,750     14.54
   Supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers...............     270,020    23.38     48,620     22.42
    First-line supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers...     270,020    23.38     48,620     22.42
     First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers....................     153,640    21.68     45,100     19.05
     First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers..     116,380    25.61     53,270     23.46
   Building cleaning and pest control workers.........................................   2,862,840    15.19     31,590     14.25
    Building cleaning workers.........................................................   2,777,470    15.05     31,310     14.20
     Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners....................   2,036,680    15.32     31,860     14.31
     Maids and housekeeping cleaners..................................................     723,430    14.22     29,580     13.84
     Building cleaning workers, all other.............................................      17,350    18.52     38,530     16.51
    Pest control workers..............................................................      85,370    19.54     40,640     18.05
   Grounds maintenance workers........................................................     975,950    17.29     35,960     17.05
    Grounds maintenance workers.......................................................     975,950    17.29     35,960     17.05
     Landscaping and groundskeeping workers...........................................     892,450    16.94     35,240     16.55
     Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation........................      25,820    19.47     40,500     18.40
     Tree trimmers and pruners........................................................      41,920    22.81     47,450     22.58
     Grounds maintenance workers, all other...........................................      15,770    18.81     39,120     17.57
                                                                                                                                
Personal care and service occupations                                                    2,566,440    16.17     33,620     14.16
   Supervisors of personal care and service workers...................................     187,400    22.57     46,950     21.67
    First-line supervisors of entertainment and recreation workers....................      86,370    23.25     48,370     22.62
     First-line supervisors of gambling services workers..............................      19,510    25.28     52,590     23.63
     First-line supervisors of entertainment and recreation workers, except 
      gambling services...............................................................      66,860    22.66     47,130     21.57
    First-line supervisors of personal service workers................................     101,030    21.99     45,730     19.42
   Animal care and service workers....................................................     241,520    14.47     30,100     13.81
    Animal trainers...................................................................      15,840    18.38     38,230     15.04
    Animal caretakers.................................................................     225,680    14.19     29,520     13.75
   Entertainment attendants and related workers.......................................     418,960    13.06     27,170     12.00
    Gambling services workers.........................................................      82,860    14.11     29,340     12.32
     Gambling dealers.................................................................      64,700    13.92     28,960     12.00
     Gambling and sports book writers and runners.....................................       7,340    14.00     29,110     13.24
     Gambling service workers, all other..............................................      10,820    15.28     31,790     13.94
    Motion picture projectionists.....................................................       1,620    15.85     32,970     14.11
    Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers.......................................      54,970    12.69     26,390     11.75
    Miscellaneous entertainment attendants and related workers........................     279,510    12.81     26,650     11.93
     Amusement and recreation attendants..............................................     262,170    12.55     26,110     11.78
     Costume attendants...............................................................       3,380    26.25     54,590     23.00
     Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants..............................       9,670    14.53     30,220     13.74
     Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other..........................       4,290    14.27     29,680     11.62
   Funeral service workers............................................................      63,300    20.58     42,800     17.54
    Embalmers and crematory operators.................................................       6,110    22.77     47,350     21.62
     Embalmers........................................................................       4,070    24.62     51,210     22.97
     Crematory operators..............................................................       2,040    19.07     39,660     18.03
    Funeral attendants................................................................      32,490    15.21     31,630     14.05
    Morticians, undertakers, and funeral arrangers....................................      24,700    27.10     56,360     23.53
   Personal appearance workers........................................................     481,530    16.99     35,350     14.22
    Barbers, hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists............................     298,880    17.30     35,980     14.27
     Barbers..........................................................................      12,910    17.16     35,700     14.41
     Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists...................................     285,980    17.30     35,990     14.26
    Miscellaneous personal appearance workers.........................................     182,640    16.50     34,310     14.16
     Makeup artists, theatrical and performance.......................................       1,960    59.80    124,380     64.78
     Manicurists and pedicurists......................................................     120,540    14.65     30,480     14.05
     Shampooers.......................................................................       9,560    12.09     25,160     11.75
     Skincare specialists.............................................................      50,580    20.05     41,700     17.93
   Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges..........................................      54,100    16.68     34,680     14.77
    Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges.........................................      54,100    16.68     34,680     14.77
     Baggage porters and bellhops.....................................................      20,530    14.44     30,040     14.00
     Concierges.......................................................................      33,560    18.04     37,520     16.93
   Tour and travel guides.............................................................      30,980    15.96     33,200     14.32
    Tour and travel guides............................................................      30,980    15.96     33,200     14.32
   Other personal care and service workers............................................   1,088,670    15.99     33,260     14.20
    Childcare workers.................................................................     438,520    13.31     27,680     13.22
    Recreation and fitness workers....................................................     485,620    18.43     38,340     14.87
     Exercise trainers and group fitness instructors..................................     221,600    22.05     45,870     19.57
     Recreation workers...............................................................     264,020    15.39     32,020     14.27
    Residential advisors..............................................................      92,500    16.81     34,950     15.01
    Personal care and service workers, all other......................................      72,030    14.80     30,790     14.24
                                                                                                                                
Sales and related occupations                                                           13,256,290    22.15     46,080     14.71
   Supervisors of sales workers.......................................................   1,387,190    26.38     54,880     22.52
    First-line supervisors of sales workers...........................................   1,387,190    26.38     54,880     22.52
     First-line supervisors of retail sales workers...................................   1,143,260    22.54     46,890     18.86
     First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers...............................     243,920    44.38     92,320     38.31
   Retail sales workers...............................................................   7,665,410    14.45     30,060     13.79
    Cashiers..........................................................................   3,335,170    12.88     26,780     13.12
     Cashiers.........................................................................   3,318,020    12.87     26,770     13.11
     Gambling change persons and booth cashiers.......................................      17,150    14.00     29,130     13.75
    Counter and rental clerks and parts salespersons..................................     636,750    17.54     36,480     15.28
     Counter and rental clerks........................................................     371,620    17.39     36,170     15.06
     Parts salespersons...............................................................     265,130    17.75     36,920     16.47
    Retail salespersons...............................................................   3,693,490    15.35     31,920     14.00
   Sales representatives, services....................................................   2,009,700    35.95     74,770     29.11
    Advertising sales agents..........................................................      96,660    31.99     66,540     25.16
    Insurance sales agents............................................................     422,600    33.34     69,340     23.96
    Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents......................     426,870    44.84     93,260     30.25
    Travel agents.....................................................................      37,190    22.39     46,580     21.06
    Sales representatives of services, except advertising, insurance, financial                                                 
     services and travel..............................................................   1,026,390    34.19     71,110     29.11
   Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing.................................   1,508,660    37.38     77,750     30.24
    Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing................................   1,508,660    37.38     77,750     30.24
     Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific                                               
      products........................................................................     266,160    49.40    102,750     45.60
     Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and                                                   
      scientific products.............................................................   1,242,490    34.81     72,390     29.61
   Other sales and related workers....................................................     685,330    25.76     53,580     17.59
    Models, demonstrators, and product promoters......................................      42,670    19.01     39,550     15.73
     Demonstrators and product promoters..............................................      40,680    17.78     36,990     15.55
     Models...........................................................................       2,000     (4)        (4)       (4)
    Real estate brokers and sales agents..............................................     224,380    32.16     66,880     23.45
     Real estate brokers..............................................................      48,460    41.58     86,490     29.81
     Real estate sales agents.........................................................     175,920    29.56     61,480     23.24
    Sales engineers...................................................................      59,550    57.03    118,630     49.86
    Telemarketers.....................................................................     115,130    14.74     30,670     13.90
    Miscellaneous sales and related workers...........................................     243,600    18.61     38,720     14.22
     Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers.........       7,860    16.81     34,970     14.13
     Sales and related workers, all other.............................................     235,740    18.67     38,840     14.22
                                                                                                                                
Office and administrative support occupations                                           18,299,380    20.88     43,430     18.29
   Supervisors of office and administrative support workers...........................   1,443,630    30.47     63,380     29.13
    First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers...............   1,443,630    30.47     63,380     29.13
   Communications equipment operators.................................................      53,400    16.98     35,310     14.77
    Switchboard operators, including answering service................................      48,190    16.63     34,590     14.50
    Telephone operators...............................................................       3,870    18.93     39,370     18.09
    Communications equipment operators, all other.....................................       1,340    23.79     49,470     22.60
   Financial clerks...................................................................   2,768,230    20.84     43,340     18.67
    Bill and account collectors.......................................................     212,900    19.85     41,280     18.13
    Billing and posting clerks........................................................     429,080    20.55     42,750     18.43
    Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks......................................   1,509,370    21.70     45,140     21.90
    Gambling cage workers.............................................................      11,140    14.79     30,770     14.12
    Payroll and timekeeping clerks....................................................     149,290    23.83     49,560     22.89
    Procurement clerks................................................................      61,930    21.60     44,930     21.71
    Tellers...........................................................................     364,210    16.79     34,930     17.46
    Financial clerks, all other.......................................................      30,310    23.00     47,830     22.55
   Information and record clerks......................................................   5,461,400    18.59     38,670     17.68
    Brokerage clerks..................................................................      39,980    27.75     57,710     25.96
    Correspondence clerks.............................................................       7,060    20.06     41,710     18.23
    Court, municipal, and license clerks..............................................     150,170    21.57     44,870     21.45
    Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks..........................................      16,820    21.42     44,540     21.49
    Customer service representatives..................................................   2,787,070    18.79     39,070     17.75
    Eligibility interviewers, government programs.....................................     151,340    23.35     48,570     22.80
    File clerks.......................................................................      85,460    17.70     36,820     17.48
    Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks..............................................     220,380    13.48     28,040     13.50
    Interviewers, except eligibility and loan.........................................     169,840    18.67     38,840     17.89
    Library assistants, clerical......................................................      78,470    15.62     32,490     14.16
    Loan interviewers and clerks......................................................     238,610    21.59     44,910     22.09
    New accounts clerks...............................................................      40,500    19.83     41,250     18.19
    Order clerks......................................................................     133,850    20.11     41,820     18.23
    Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping........................     102,770    21.56     44,840     21.94
    Receptionists and information clerks..............................................     983,150    15.82     32,910     14.40
    Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks....................     100,860    21.94     45,630     19.18
    Information and record clerks, all other..........................................     155,080    21.13     43,950     20.75
   Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers..............   2,213,750    21.97     45,710     20.21
    Cargo and freight agents..........................................................      85,750    23.28     48,420     22.55
    Couriers and messengers...........................................................      68,310    16.48     34,270     15.89
    Dispatchers.......................................................................     291,380    22.49     46,780     21.88
     Public safety telecommunicators..................................................      97,050    22.61     47,030     22.44
     Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance..................................     194,330    22.43     46,650     21.18
    Meter readers, utilities..........................................................      24,000    22.81     47,430     21.98
    Postal service workers............................................................     527,000    25.71     53,480     24.87
     Postal service clerks............................................................      79,320    25.58     53,210     25.14
     Postal service mail carriers.....................................................     335,540    26.14     54,370     25.21
     Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators........     112,130    24.52     51,010     23.34
    Production, planning, and expediting clerks.......................................     367,200    25.11     52,220     23.10
    Shipping, receiving, and inventory clerks.........................................     795,360    18.37     38,210     17.74
    Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping........................      54,760    19.01     39,540     18.08
   Secretaries and administrative assistants..........................................   3,104,790    21.76     45,250     19.08
    Secretaries and administrative assistants.........................................   3,104,790    21.76     45,250     19.08
     Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants....................     466,910    32.15     66,870     29.84
     Legal secretaries and administrative assistants..................................     155,250    25.26     52,540     22.94
     Medical secretaries and administrative assistants................................     656,640    19.11     39,740     18.01
     Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive..   1,825,980    19.75     41,080     18.21
   Other office and administrative support workers....................................   3,254,180    18.98     39,480     17.88
    Data entry and information processing workers.....................................     189,100    18.07     37,590     17.72
     Data entry keyers................................................................     147,170    17.28     35,940     17.13
     Word processors and typists......................................................      41,930    20.85     43,370     21.17
    Desktop publishers................................................................       7,600    24.49     50,930     22.55
    Insurance claims and policy processing clerks.....................................     218,300    22.02     45,790     21.89
    Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service.....................      69,400    16.54     34,390     15.65
    Office clerks, general............................................................   2,578,180    18.75     38,990     17.81
    Office machine operators, except computer.........................................      32,920    17.84     37,110     17.61
    Proofreaders and copy markers.....................................................       5,340    22.12     46,010     21.12
    Statistical assistants............................................................       6,190    25.68     53,420     23.16
    Office and administrative support workers, all other..............................     147,140    20.47     42,580     18.22
                                                                                                                                
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                                                 452,490    16.70     34,730     14.36
   Supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers..............................      25,770    26.18     54,450     23.38
    First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers..................      25,770    26.18     54,450     23.38
   Agricultural workers...............................................................     383,760    15.60     32,450     14.27
    Agricultural inspectors...........................................................      13,630    22.80     47,430     21.70
    Animal breeders...................................................................         950    20.81     43,270     19.28
    Graders and sorters, agricultural products........................................      25,560    14.62     30,400     14.25
    Miscellaneous agricultural workers................................................     343,630    15.37     31,980     14.27
     Agricultural equipment operators.................................................      26,180    17.44     36,280     17.48
     Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse..........................     277,200    15.11     31,440     14.25
     Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals...............................      34,140    15.46     32,150     14.25
     Agricultural workers, all other..................................................       6,100    17.88     37,190     15.65
   Forest, conservation, and logging workers..........................................      42,330    20.83     43,320     18.77
    Forest and conservation workers...................................................       6,300    16.20     33,690     14.69
    Logging workers...................................................................      36,030    21.63     45,000     22.27
     Fallers..........................................................................       4,170    25.85     53,760     22.94
     Logging equipment operators......................................................      25,510    21.14     43,960     22.31
     Log graders and scalers..........................................................       3,260    19.96     41,520     18.18
     Logging workers, all other.......................................................       3,080    21.84     45,430     22.16
                                                                                                                                
Construction and extraction occupations                                                  5,848,950    26.87     55,900     23.18
   Supervisors of construction and extraction workers.................................     665,870    36.09     75,060     34.62
    First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers..............     665,870    36.09     75,060     34.62
   Construction trades workers........................................................   4,362,080    26.03     54,140     23.01
    Boilermakers......................................................................      12,920    33.21     69,070     30.91
    Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons.........................................      64,950    28.78     59,870     27.38
     Brickmasons and blockmasons......................................................      55,950    29.53     61,430     28.53
     Stonemasons......................................................................       9,000    24.12     50,170     22.89
    Carpenters........................................................................     668,060    26.53     55,190     23.20
    Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers..................................      83,600    24.95     51,890     22.74
     Carpet installers................................................................      19,790    23.42     48,710     22.42
     Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles................................      18,300    25.90     53,880     23.11
     Floor sanders and finishers......................................................       4,340    21.34     44,380     18.82
     Tile and stone setters...........................................................      41,160    25.64     53,330     22.99
    Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers...........................     189,240    24.52     51,000     22.77
     Cement masons and concrete finishers.............................................     186,600    24.47     50,900     22.76
     Terrazzo workers and finishers...................................................       2,640    28.07     58,380     23.40
    Construction laborers.............................................................     968,760    21.22     44,130     18.16
    Construction equipment operators..................................................     452,780    26.87     55,890     23.22
     Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators...............................      44,200    24.32     50,590     22.58
     Pile driver operators............................................................       3,760    36.51     75,950     36.66
     Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators...................     404,820    27.06     56,280     23.25
    Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers...........................     111,650    27.00     56,160     23.24
     Drywall and ceiling tile installers..............................................      97,070    26.35     54,810     23.09
     Tapers...........................................................................      14,580    31.32     65,140     29.37
    Electricians......................................................................     650,580    30.44     63,310     28.87
    Glaziers..........................................................................      52,700    24.98     51,950     22.68
    Insulation workers................................................................      58,370    24.18     50,300     22.48
     Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall.....................................      30,360    21.54     44,810     19.17
     Insulation workers, mechanical...................................................      28,010    27.05     56,260     23.20
    Painters and paperhangers.........................................................     216,560    22.69     47,180     21.94
     Painters, construction and maintenance...........................................     214,220    22.66     47,140     21.92
     Paperhangers.....................................................................       2,340    24.79     51,560     22.89
    Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters...............................     450,940    29.93     62,250     28.51
     Pipelayers.......................................................................      33,330    23.32     48,510     22.11
     Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters..........................................     417,620    30.46     63,350     28.79
    Plasterers and stucco masons......................................................      26,980    26.35     54,810     23.24
    Reinforcing iron and rebar workers................................................      16,420    28.35     58,960     23.48
    Roofers...........................................................................     129,890    23.51     48,890     22.65
    Sheet metal workers...............................................................     122,630    28.25     58,760     25.69
    Structural iron and steel workers.................................................      68,620    29.46     61,270     28.15
    Solar photovoltaic installers.....................................................      16,420    24.38     50,710     22.92
   Helpers, construction trades.......................................................     206,900    17.95     37,340     17.55
    Helpers, construction trades......................................................     206,900    17.95     37,340     17.55
     Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters......      18,210    20.85     43,370     18.21
     Helpers--carpenters..............................................................      27,540    17.95     37,340     17.64
     Helpers--electricians............................................................      72,150    17.66     36,720     17.48
     Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons...................       8,940    16.96     35,270     16.04
     Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters.....................      45,930    17.47     36,350     17.18
     Helpers--roofers.................................................................       6,830    17.31     36,000     17.48
     Helpers, construction trades, all other..........................................      27,300    18.08     37,610     17.64
   Other construction and related workers.............................................     430,760    26.28     54,670     23.04
    Construction and building inspectors..............................................     117,830    32.93     68,480     29.63
    Elevator and escalator installers and repairers...................................      22,510    43.91     91,320     47.05
    Fence erectors....................................................................      24,470    19.78     41,140     18.12
    Hazardous materials removal workers...............................................      44,240    23.69     49,280     22.26
    Highway maintenance workers.......................................................     141,150    21.32     44,340     22.06
    Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators.............................      21,030    29.22     60,770     29.66
    Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners.....................................      28,620    21.82     45,390     21.54
    Miscellaneous construction and related workers....................................      30,920    21.81     45,370     19.16
   Extraction workers.................................................................     183,340    24.95     51,900     22.89
    Derrick, rotary drill, and service unit operators, oil and gas....................      51,910    27.14     56,460     23.43
     Derrick operators, oil and gas...................................................       7,880    25.07     52,140     22.71
     Rotary drill operators, oil and gas..............................................      11,170    29.73     61,840     27.10
     Service unit operators, oil and gas..............................................      32,870    26.76     55,660     23.28
    Surface mining machine operators and earth drillers...............................      51,520    24.52     51,000     22.78
     Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators, surface mining............      35,720    23.97     49,850     22.47
     Earth drillers, except oil and gas...............................................      15,800    25.77     53,600     23.20
    Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters.......................       5,370    27.44     57,070     25.50
    Underground mining machine operators..............................................      24,200    27.85     57,920     28.77
     Continuous mining machine operators..............................................      14,740    27.61     57,430     28.99
     Roof bolters, mining.............................................................       1,850    28.45     59,170     28.74
     Loading and moving machine operators, underground mining.........................       4,450    27.56     57,330     27.84
     Underground mining machine operators, all other..................................       3,150    28.99     60,290     29.45
    Rock splitters, quarry............................................................       4,450    20.02     41,630     18.12
    Roustabouts, oil and gas..........................................................      34,520    21.51     44,730     18.71
    Helpers--extraction workers.......................................................       5,980    19.65     40,860     18.15
    Extraction workers, all other.....................................................       5,380    24.50     50,960     23.15
                                                                                                                                
Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations                                        5,574,410    25.66     53,380     23.05
   Supervisors of installation, maintenance, and repair workers.......................     526,240    35.38     73,590     34.26
    First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers....................     526,240    35.38     73,590     34.26
   Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers...........     499,670    27.53     57,260     26.84
    Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers..........................      86,420    21.24     44,170     19.70
    Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers...................     186,530    29.09     60,510     29.02
     Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairers....................      13,700    30.05     62,500     29.02
     Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers....     172,830    29.02     60,350     29.02
    Miscellaneous electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and                                                
     repairers........................................................................     226,720    28.65     59,590     28.26
     Avionics technicians.............................................................      18,910    33.59     69,860     33.31
     Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers................................      15,880    23.43     48,740     22.55
     Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment....      10,710    33.97     70,650     37.14
     Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment........      50,780    30.88     64,230     29.68
     Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay..........      22,490    42.13     87,640     44.91
     Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles....................       9,000    21.01     43,690     19.55
     Audiovisual equipment installers and repairers...................................      21,540    22.18     46,120     21.54
     Security and fire alarm systems installers.......................................      77,420    25.08     52,170     23.23
   Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers..................   1,570,020    24.23     50,400     22.79
    Aircraft mechanics and service technicians........................................     125,440    33.40     69,470     31.43
    Automotive technicians and repairers..............................................     783,310    23.22     48,310     22.55
     Automotive body and related repairers............................................     137,300    24.36     50,660     22.73
     Automotive glass installers and repairers........................................      16,230    19.56     40,690     18.23
     Automotive service technicians and mechanics.....................................     629,780    23.07     47,990     22.54
    Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists.............................     261,420    25.49     53,020     23.41
    Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics..............     203,060    26.87     55,900     25.85
     Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians.................................      35,030    22.71     47,250     22.55
     Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines.................................     145,230    27.54     57,280     27.90
     Rail car repairers...............................................................      22,800    29.04     60,400     28.97
    Small engine mechanics............................................................      72,800    20.53     42,690     18.78
     Motorboat mechanics and service technicians......................................      23,080    22.43     46,660     22.46
     Motorcycle mechanics.............................................................      15,020    20.18     41,970     18.35
     Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics.........................      34,700    19.41     40,360     18.05
    Miscellaneous vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers...     123,980    16.51     34,340     14.60
     Bicycle repairers................................................................      14,760    16.52     34,360     16.68
     Recreational vehicle service technicians.........................................      16,030    21.60     44,930     20.94
     Tire repairers and changers......................................................      93,180    15.63     32,520     14.22
   Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations............................   2,978,490    24.39     50,730     22.71
    Control and valve installers and repairers........................................      68,170    28.78     59,860     25.95
     Mechanical door repairers........................................................      23,300    21.88     45,520     21.66
     Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door...............      44,870    32.36     67,310     30.18
    Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers.............     356,960    26.29     54,690     23.38
    Home appliance repairers..........................................................      28,120    21.80     45,340     21.31
    Industrial machinery installation, repair, and maintenance workers................     470,650    28.05     58,350     28.55
     Industrial machinery mechanics...................................................     373,090    28.26     58,780     28.77
     Maintenance workers, machinery...................................................      57,660    25.75     53,570     23.51
     Millwrights......................................................................      39,240    29.45     61,260     29.00
     Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons...............................         660    26.33     54,760     26.08
    Line installers and repairers.....................................................     225,460    34.37     71,500     35.83
     Electrical power-line installers and repairers...................................     123,940    38.01     79,060     37.65
     Telecommunications line installers and repairers.................................     101,530    29.93     62,250     28.94
    Precision instrument and equipment repairers......................................      74,530    26.38     54,870     23.38
     Camera and photographic equipment repairers......................................       2,340    21.28     44,260     18.36
     Medical equipment repairers......................................................      53,400    27.13     56,420     24.00
     Musical instrument repairers and tuners..........................................       5,710    19.11     39,740     17.87
     Watch and clock repairers........................................................       1,970    21.86     45,460     21.27
     Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other..........................      11,110    28.40     59,070     27.73
    Maintenance and repair workers, general...........................................   1,416,740    21.60     44,920     20.76
    Wind turbine service technicians..................................................      10,100    28.16     58,580     27.05
    Miscellaneous installation, maintenance, and repair workers.......................     327,750    21.01     43,710     18.28
     Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers.....................      27,540    20.20     42,010     18.77
     Commercial divers................................................................       2,670    39.43     82,010     29.02
     Locksmiths and safe repairers....................................................      15,380    22.98     47,810     22.55
     Manufactured building and mobile home installers.................................       3,530    17.23     35,830     17.48
     Riggers..........................................................................      17,980    25.05     52,100     23.14
     Signal and track switch repairers................................................       8,090    35.68     74,220     38.73
     Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers...........................      88,480    16.87     35,090     15.91
     Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other.........................     164,070    21.82     45,380     20.46
                                                                                                                                
Production occupations                                                                   8,408,030    20.71     43,070     18.13
   Supervisors of production workers..................................................     629,420    32.37     67,330     29.71
    First-line supervisors of production and operating workers........................     629,420    32.37     67,330     29.71
   Assemblers and fabricators.........................................................   1,769,890    18.75     39,000     17.87
    Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers.....................      33,320    26.63     55,380     23.79
    Electrical, electronics, and electromechanical assemblers.........................     283,010    19.11     39,740     18.01
     Coil winders, tapers, and finishers..............................................      11,090    20.41     42,460     18.44
     Electrical, electronic, and electromechanical assemblers, except coil winders,                                             
      tapers, and finishers...........................................................     271,920    19.05     39,630     18.01
    Engine and other machine assemblers...............................................      45,990    23.13     48,110     22.81
    Structural metal fabricators and fitters..........................................      61,070    21.99     45,730     21.87
    Fiberglass laminators and fabricators.............................................      17,380    19.40     40,360     18.10
    Timing device assemblers and adjusters............................................         560    21.48     44,670     18.16
    Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators..........................................   1,328,550    18.17     37,780     17.59
   Food processing workers............................................................     795,640    16.27     33,830     14.66
    Bakers............................................................................     181,800    15.53     32,300     14.31
    Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers.....................     364,480    16.04     33,360     14.56
     Butchers and meat cutters........................................................     145,930    17.15     35,670     17.33
     Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers.....................................     132,100    15.23     31,680     14.29
     Slaughterers and meat packers....................................................      86,450    15.39     32,010     14.38
    Miscellaneous food processing workers.............................................     249,360    17.13     35,630     17.03
     Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders......      21,050    17.44     36,280     17.06
     Food batchmakers.................................................................     155,240    17.40     36,190     17.20
     Food cooking machine operators and tenders.......................................      26,710    17.03     35,430     17.26
     Food processing workers, all other...............................................      46,360    16.16     33,600     15.33
   Metal workers and plastic workers..................................................   1,633,980    21.56     44,840     20.65
    Forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic................     102,640    20.53     42,710     18.55
     Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.      59,490    19.48     40,520     18.15
     Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............      11,500    21.35     44,410     21.40
     Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............      31,650    22.22     46,210     22.22
    Machine tool cutting setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...........     288,810    19.59     40,740     18.13
     Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and                                            
      plastic.........................................................................     179,630    19.23     40,000     18.09
     Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and                                                
      plastic.........................................................................       6,810    20.79     43,240     18.55
     Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators,                                                 
      and tenders, metal and plastic..................................................      67,750    19.25     40,030     18.05
     Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and                                                  
      plastic.........................................................................      19,690    21.28     44,270     21.27
     Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...      14,920    22.64     47,100     22.53
    Machinists........................................................................     333,220    23.57     49,020     22.95
    Metal furnace operators, tenders, pourers, and casters............................      22,110    22.11     45,990     22.42
     Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders.....................................      15,540    22.33     46,440     22.45
     Pourers and casters, metal.......................................................       6,570    21.59     44,910     22.04
    Model makers and patternmakers, metal and plastic.................................       5,780    26.80     55,740     23.79
     Model makers, metal and plastic..................................................       3,690    28.40     59,080     26.75
     Patternmakers, metal and plastic.................................................       2,090    23.96     49,840     23.12
    Molders and molding machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic....     176,820    18.13     37,720     17.59
     Foundry mold and coremakers......................................................      13,610    19.22     39,980     18.13
     Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal                                            
      and plastic.....................................................................     163,210    18.04     37,530     17.48
    Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic..........     134,880    19.63     40,830     18.09
    Tool and die makers...............................................................      63,630    26.99     56,150     27.41
    Welding, soldering, and brazing workers...........................................     427,580    23.04     47,910     22.55
     Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers.........................................     397,600    23.21     48,290     22.60
     Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders..........      29,980    20.65     42,950     18.55
    Miscellaneous metal workers and plastic workers...................................      78,530    19.68     40,940     18.09
     Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.......      14,540    19.98     41,560     18.49
     Layout workers, metal and plastic................................................       6,840    25.16     52,340     24.85
     Plating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............      32,310    18.55     38,580     17.89
     Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners............................................       6,100    20.99     43,660     18.48
     Metal workers and plastic workers, all other.....................................      18,740    18.98     39,480     17.78
   Printing workers...................................................................     211,930    19.55     40,660     18.13
    Printing workers..................................................................     211,930    19.55     40,660     18.13
     Prepress technicians and workers.................................................      25,840    21.06     43,800     20.49
     Printing press operators.........................................................     145,290    19.77     41,120     18.16
     Print binding and finishing workers..............................................      40,810    17.82     37,060     17.59
   Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers..........................................     445,950    15.00     31,210     14.14
    Laundry and dry-cleaning workers..................................................     157,400    13.38     27,830     13.63
    Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials.................................      26,910    13.52     28,110     13.79
    Sewing machine operators..........................................................     116,220    14.85     30,880     14.27
    Shoe and leather workers..........................................................       9,240    15.84     32,950     14.31
     Shoe and leather workers and repairers...........................................       5,620    16.77     34,890     15.12
     Shoe machine operators and tenders...............................................       3,610    14.38     29,920     13.73
    Tailors, dressmakers, and sewers..................................................      21,450    16.65     34,630     14.99
     Sewers, hand.....................................................................       4,170    15.07     31,350     14.39
     Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers..........................................      17,270    17.03     35,430     15.11
    Textile machine setters, operators, and tenders...................................      56,700    15.92     33,110     14.45
     Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders.......................       6,240    15.36     31,940     14.39
     Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders..........................      11,970    15.91     33,100     14.41
     Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders.............      16,330    16.17     33,640     16.34
     Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and                                                 
      tenders.........................................................................      22,160    15.89     33,050     14.44
    Miscellaneous textile, apparel, and furnishings workers...........................      58,030    18.77     39,050     17.80
     Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and                                               
      glass fibers....................................................................      14,040    19.52     40,600     18.05
     Fabric and apparel patternmakers.................................................       3,220    30.81     64,070     28.20
     Upholsterers.....................................................................      28,020    18.38     38,220     17.99
     Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other.............................      12,750    15.79     32,840     14.31
   Woodworkers........................................................................     230,400    18.04     37,520     17.64
    Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters................................................      93,070    19.27     40,070     18.05
    Furniture finishers...............................................................      16,300    17.94     37,310     17.59
    Model makers and patternmakers, wood..............................................         550    27.19     56,560     27.60
     Model makers, wood...............................................................         340    28.87     60,040     29.22
     Patternmakers, wood..............................................................         210    24.53     51,020     22.56
    Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders...............................     112,560    17.04     35,450     17.23
     Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood.............................      45,350    16.96     35,280     16.99
     Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing...............      67,210    17.10     35,560     17.35
    Woodworkers, all other............................................................       7,910    17.35     36,080     17.12
   Plant and system operators.........................................................     280,900    31.83     66,210     29.49
    Power plant operators, distributors, and dispatchers..............................      43,440    42.99     89,410     45.57
     Nuclear power reactor operators..................................................       4,820    53.47    111,220     50.13
     Power distributors and dispatchers...............................................       9,660    45.92     95,520     47.37
     Power plant operators............................................................      28,960    40.26     83,740     38.87
    Stationary engineers and boiler operators.........................................      29,820    33.90     70,510     30.53
    Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators.........................     121,150    25.15     52,320     23.02
    Miscellaneous plant and system operators..........................................      86,500    34.88     72,540     36.86
     Chemical plant and system operators..............................................      21,740    33.18     69,020     33.75
     Gas plant operators..............................................................      15,110    37.01     76,970     37.43
     Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers.................      34,230    38.70     80,500     38.24
     Plant and system operators, all other............................................      15,420    26.67     55,480     24.16
   Other production occupations.......................................................   2,409,900    20.11     41,820     18.13
    Chemical processing machine setters, operators, and tenders.......................     154,790    24.40     50,760     22.88
     Chemical equipment operators and tenders.........................................     106,170    25.22     52,450     23.12
     Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters,                                               
      operators, and tenders..........................................................      48,620    22.62     47,060     22.13
    Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, and blending workers.......................     155,920    20.14     41,900     18.35
     Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders........      31,800    20.57     42,790     18.63
     Grinding and polishing workers, hand.............................................      15,680    17.30     35,990     17.15
     Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders......................     108,440    20.43     42,490     18.47
    Cutting workers...................................................................      63,850    18.90     39,300     18.10
     Cutters and trimmers, hand.......................................................       7,920    16.51     34,330     14.54
     Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders......................      55,930    19.23     40,010     18.18
    Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and                                                
     tenders..........................................................................      56,570    19.25     40,050     18.10
    Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders......................      14,180    21.11     43,910     21.01
    Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers..............................     551,380    21.54     44,810     18.55
    Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers.....................................      24,350    22.64     47,090     22.42
    Dental and ophthalmic laboratory technicians and medical appliance technicians....      68,380    21.52     44,770     18.79
     Dental laboratory technicians....................................................      34,150    22.75     47,320     22.00
     Medical appliance technicians....................................................      15,300    22.27     46,320     21.77
     Ophthalmic laboratory technicians................................................      18,930    18.71     38,910     17.92
    Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders...............................     358,640    17.67     36,750     17.29
    Painting workers..................................................................     157,250    20.90     43,480     18.59
     Painting, coating, and decorating workers........................................      11,850    18.39     38,250     17.95
     Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders..........     145,410    21.11     43,900     18.81
    Semiconductor processing technicians..............................................      24,020    22.07     45,910     19.17
    Photographic process workers and processing machine operators.....................       5,740    19.37     40,300     17.59
    Computer numerically controlled tool operators and programmers....................     183,630    23.32     48,500     22.78
     Computer numerically controlled tool operators...................................     157,840    22.23     46,240     22.42
     Computer numerically controlled tool programmers.................................      25,800    29.98     62,360     29.22
    Miscellaneous production workers..................................................     591,200    17.75     36,920     17.23
     Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders...................................      12,510    18.55     38,580     18.09
     Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders............      13,580    17.22     35,820     16.87
     Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders.............................       7,500    20.63     42,910     19.42
     Etchers and engravers............................................................       7,110    17.77     36,970     17.59
     Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic..........................      38,420    18.76     39,020     18.03
     Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders..............................      87,480    21.24     44,180     21.55
     Tire builders....................................................................      17,240    23.00     47,840     23.05
     Helpers--production workers......................................................     202,860    15.82     32,910     14.42
     Production workers, all other....................................................     204,500    17.42     36,230     15.83
                                                                                                                                
Transportation and material moving occupations                                          12,639,920    19.88     41,340     17.72
   Supervisors of transportation and material moving workers..........................     557,850    28.19     58,630     26.36
    First-line supervisors of transportation and material moving workers..............     557,850    28.19     58,630     26.36
     Aircraft cargo handling supervisors..............................................       8,590    29.84     62,080     25.74
     First-line supervisors of transportation and material moving workers, except                                               
      aircraft cargo handling supervisors.............................................     549,260    28.16     58,580     26.37
   Air transportation workers.........................................................     254,820     ()     119,590      ()
    Aircraft pilots and flight engineers..............................................     124,080     ()     169,540      ()
     Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers...................................      81,310     ()     198,190      ()
     Commercial pilots................................................................      42,770     ()     115,080      ()
    Air traffic controllers and airfield operations specialists.......................      33,830    48.32    100,510     43.56
     Air traffic controllers..........................................................      21,230    61.50    127,920     62.38
     Airfield operations specialists..................................................      12,610    26.13     54,360     23.02
    Flight attendants.................................................................      96,900     ()      62,280      ()
   Motor vehicle operators............................................................   4,147,650    21.31     44,330     20.52
    Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians............      11,710    14.93     31,060     14.00
    Driver/sales workers and truck drivers............................................   3,390,490    21.85     45,460     21.91
     Driver/sales workers.............................................................     477,020    15.37     31,970     14.08
     Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers..........................................   1,903,420    24.20     50,340     23.23
     Light truck drivers..............................................................   1,010,040    20.50     42,630     18.40
    Passenger vehicle drivers.........................................................     696,760    19.06     39,640     18.05
     Bus drivers, school..............................................................     361,420    18.63     38,750     18.23
     Bus drivers, transit and intercity...............................................     145,720    24.67     51,310     23.37
     Shuttle drivers and chauffeurs...................................................     175,660    15.66     32,570     14.42
     Taxi drivers.....................................................................      13,950    14.45     30,050     14.09
    Motor vehicle operators, all other................................................      48,690    17.51     36,410     14.71
   Rail transportation workers........................................................     119,120    32.85     68,330     30.85
    Locomotive engineers and operators................................................      43,440    34.33     71,410     37.83
     Locomotive engineers.............................................................      38,980    35.07     72,940     38.34
     Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers..............................       4,460    27.92     58,070     29.37
    Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators and locomotive firers................      16,200    30.31     63,050     30.69
    Railroad conductors and yardmasters...............................................      48,030    32.21     66,990     30.75
    Subway and streetcar operators....................................................      10,310    34.38     71,520     39.03
    Rail transportation workers, all other............................................       1,140    26.03     54,140     22.88
   Water transportation workers.......................................................      70,480    38.84     80,780     30.17
    Sailors and marine oilers.........................................................      26,610    27.79     57,800     22.46
    Ship and boat captains and operators..............................................      36,220    45.31     94,250     38.47
     Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels.....................................      33,490    47.27     98,330     39.25
     Motorboat operators..............................................................       2,740    21.35     44,410     18.59
    Ship engineers....................................................................       7,650    46.59     96,910     39.62
   Other transportation workers.......................................................     286,680    17.26     35,900     14.39
    Bridge and lock tenders...........................................................       4,040    21.52     44,760     21.82
    Parking attendants................................................................      91,160    14.04     29,210     14.06
    Transportation service attendants.................................................     123,660    14.81     30,810     14.22
     Automotive and watercraft service attendants.....................................     111,480    14.40     29,960     14.10
     Aircraft service attendants......................................................      12,170    18.58     38,640     17.50
    Traffic technicians...............................................................       7,770    25.58     53,210     23.37
    Transportation inspectors.........................................................      25,070    37.32     77,620     38.35
    Passenger attendants..............................................................      21,240    16.53     34,380     14.65
    Transportation workers, all other.................................................      13,750    19.23     39,990     17.73
   Material moving workers............................................................   7,203,320    16.78     34,900     14.91
    Conveyor operators and tenders....................................................      28,650    17.80     37,010     17.51
    Crane and tower operators.........................................................      43,400    31.38     65,270     29.92
    Dredge operators..................................................................       1,650    24.29     50,530     22.22
    Hoist and winch operators.........................................................       2,610    28.10     58,450     25.14
    Industrial truck and tractor operators............................................     758,290    19.69     40,950     18.45
    Laborers and material movers......................................................   6,178,560    16.14     33,570     14.58
     Cleaners of vehicles and equipment...............................................     351,960    14.69     30,550     14.08
     Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand...........................   2,729,010    16.80     34,950     15.02
     Machine feeders and offbearers...................................................      60,880    17.63     36,660     17.79
     Packers and packagers, hand......................................................     585,270    14.88     30,950     14.39
     Stockers and order fillers.......................................................   2,451,430    15.87     33,020     14.48
    Pumping station operators.........................................................      29,550    30.09     62,590     29.85
     Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators.................................       2,910    32.27     67,130     34.00
     Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers..........................................      10,600    26.15     54,400     23.84
     Wellhead pumpers.................................................................      16,040    32.29     67,170     30.64
    Refuse and recyclable material collectors.........................................     126,050    20.57     42,780     18.51
    Tank car, truck, and ship loaders.................................................      12,090    26.60     55,330     23.75
    Material moving workers, all other................................................      22,470    19.32     40,190     17.38

     1 Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080
        hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly
        calculated from the reported survey data.

     2 Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or
        annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

     3 Represents a wage equal to or greater than $100.00 per hour.

     4 Estimate not released.

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2022