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Economic News Release
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Occupational Employment and Wages News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, March 31, 2020 				       USDL-20-0520 

Technical information:  oesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/oes 
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902   *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                  OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES -- MAY 2019


Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations had employment of 5.7 million in
May 2019, representing 3.9 percent of total national employment, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. The largest installation, maintenance, and repair
occupation was general maintenance and repair workers (1.4 million) and the highest
paying installation, maintenance, and repair occupation was powerhouse, substation,
and relay electrical and electronics repairers ($81,280). The annual mean wage across
all installation, maintenance, and repair occupations was $50,130, compared with the
U.S. average wage of $53,490. (See table 1.)

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program provides employment and wage
estimates for nearly 800 occupations in the nation, states, and approximately 530
areas. National data are available by industry for approximately 415 industry
classifications and by ownership across all industries, schools, and hospitals.
This news release features installation, maintenance, and repair; sales and related;
and community and social service occupations, in addition to STEM (science, technology,
engineering, and mathematics) occupations and employment and wages by typical entry-
level educational requirement. National employment and wage information for all 
occupations is shown in table 1.

 ________________________________________________________________________________
|                                                                                |
|         Changes to the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Data           |
|                                                                                |
|  With the May 2019 estimates, the OES program has begun implementing the 2018  |
|  Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. See the box note at the    |
|  end of this news release for more information on changes to the OES data.     | 
|________________________________________________________________________________|


Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

  --The largest installation, maintenance, and repair occupations were general
    maintenance and repair workers (1.4 million); automotive service technicians
    and mechanics (655,330); and first-line supervisors of mechanics, installers,
    and repairers (485,700). (See table 1.) 

  --The highest paying installation, maintenance, and repair occupations included
    powerhouse, substation, and relay electrical and electronics repairers ($81,280),
    which typically require a postsecondary nondegree award, such as a certificate,
    for entry; and signal and track switch repairers ($72,690) and electrical power-
    line installers and repairers ($71,960), which typically require a high school
    diploma or equivalent. (See table 1.) 

  --The lowest paying installation, maintenance, and repair occupations were tire
    repairers and changers ($30,350) and bicycle repairers ($31,360). (See table 1.)

  --Industries with the largest employment of installation, maintenance, and repair
    occupations were automotive repair and maintenance (454,220), building equipment
    contractors (437,470), and real estate (352,350). 

  --States with the highest employment shares of installation, maintenance, and repair
    occupations included Wyoming (6.6 percent of state employment), Alaska (5.7 percent),
    and North Dakota (5.3 percent).

  --Alaska ($61,260), the District of Columbia ($60,630), and Connecticut ($58,110)
    were among the states with the highest wages for installation, maintenance, and
    repair occupations.

State data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm.
 
National industry-specific data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrci.htm.

Sales and related occupations

  --Sales and related occupations had employment of 14.4 million, representing 9.8
    percent of U.S. employment, and an annual mean wage of $43,060. This was the
    second-largest occupational group, after office and administrative support
    occupations. (See table 1.)

  --The largest sales and related occupations were retail salespersons (4.3 million);
    cashiers (3.6 million); and wholesale and manufacturing sales representatives,
    except technical and scientific products (1.3 million). (See table 1.) 

  --Metropolitan areas with the highest employment of wholesale and manufacturing
    sales representatives, except technical and scientific products were New York-
    Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-PA. (84,870); Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA.
    (63,550); and Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL.-IN.-WI. (57,050).

  --The highest paying sales and related occupations were sales engineers ($112,780);
    securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents ($93,090); and
    wholesale and manufacturing sales representatives of technical and scientific
    products ($92,980). These occupations typically require a bachelor's degree for
    entry. (See table 1.)

  --The lowest paying sales and related occupations were cashiers ($24,370) and
    gambling change persons and booth cashiers ($28,010). (See table 1.)

  --Wholesale and manufacturing sales representatives, except technical and scientific
    products had an annual mean wage of $71,110 nationally. (See table 1.) The highest
    paying states for this occupation included New Jersey ($84,170), Massachusetts
    ($82,220), and Colorado ($81,670).

Metropolitan area data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcma.htm.

Community and social service occupations

  --Community and social service occupations had total employment of 2.2 million and
    an annual mean wage of $50,480. (See table 1.)

  --The largest community and social service occupations were social and human service
    assistants (404,450) and child, family, and school social workers (327,710). (See
    table 1.)

  --The highest paying community and social service occupations included all other social
    workers ($61,750); educational, guidance, and career counselors and advisors
    ($61,000); and health education specialists ($60,500). Educational, guidance, and
    career counselors and advisors typically require a master's degree for entry;
    health education specialists and all other social workers typically require a
    bachelor's degree. (See table 1.)

  --The lowest paying occupation in this group was social and human service assistants
    ($37,050). (See table 1.) 

  --Child, family, and school social workers had an annual mean wage of $51,030 nationally.
    (See table 1.) The states with the highest wages for this occupation included New Jersey
    ($68,830) and the District of Columbia ($71,590). The lowest paying states for this
    occupation included Mississippi ($37,190) and Oklahoma ($37,610).

Typical entry-level education

  --Occupations typically requiring postsecondary education for entry made up 38 percent
    of employment. The largest postsecondary category, occupations typically requiring
    a bachelor's degree for entry, made up 22 percent of employment. This educational
    category includes registered nurses; teachers at the kindergarten through secondary
    levels; and many management, business and financial operations, computer, and
    engineering occupations.

  --Occupations typically requiring a high school diploma or the equivalent for entry
    made up 38 percent of employment, and occupations typically requiring no formal
    educational credential for entry made up 24 percent of employment. These two
    educational categories include most production and construction occupations, as
    well as large occupations such as retail salespersons, fast food and counter workers,
    and cashiers.

  --Average wages were generally higher for occupations requiring more education. Annual
    mean wages were $29,190 for occupations typically requiring no formal educational
    credential for entry, $44,190 for occupations typically requiring a high school
    diploma or the equivalent, $58,430 for occupations typically requiring an associate's
    degree, and $88,260 for occupations typically requiring a bachelor's degree.

  --The highest paying occupations typically requiring less than a bachelor's degree
    for entry included air traffic controllers ($120,140), which typically require an
    associate's degree for entry, and transportation, storage, and distribution managers
    ($103,320), which typically require a high school diploma or the equivalent.

The typical education level required to enter an occupation is based on education and
training categories from the BLS Employment Projections program. More information about 
the system of education and training categories is available at
www.bls.gov/emp/documentation/education/tech.htm. Typical entry-level educational
requirements assigned to each occupation in the May 2019 OES estimates are available
at www.bls.gov/oes/educ_list_2019.xlsx. Additional charts are available at
www.bls.gov/oes/current/overview_2019.htm.

Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) occupations

  --There were over 9.3 million STEM jobs representing 6.4 percent of total U.S. employment.

  --Six of the 10 largest STEM occupations were related to computers and included software
    developers and software quality assurance analysts and testers (1.4 million) and
    computer user support specialists (647,330). (See table 1.)

  --Areas with the highest employment shares of STEM occupations were California-Lexington
    Park, MD. (28.1 percent), and San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA. (21.0 percent).

  --STEM occupations had an annual mean wage of $95,350, compared with $50,600 for non-STEM
    occupations. Ninety-one of the 98 STEM occupations had mean wages significantly above
    the all-occupations average of $53,490. (See table 1.)

  --The highest paying STEM occupations were petroleum engineers ($156,780) and the three
    STEM-related management occupations: computer and information systems managers ($156,390),
    architectural and engineering managers ($152,930), and natural sciences managers
    ($145,450). (See table 1.)

  --The lowest paying STEM occupations were agricultural and food science technicians ($44,440)
    and forest and conservation technicians ($45,860). (See table 1.)

Occupations included in the STEM definition used for this news release are available at
www.bls.gov/oes/stem_list_2019.xlsx. Additional STEM charts are available at
www.bls.gov/oes/current/overview_2019.htm.

Largest occupations

  --The largest occupations overall were retail salespersons (4.3 million) and fast food
    and counter workers (4.0 million). (See table 1.) 

  --Eight of the 10 largest occupations had below-average wages. Retail salespersons ($29,360)
    and fast food and counter workers ($23,250) had annual mean wages significantly below
    the all-occupations average of $53,490. (See table 1.) 

  --Of the 10 largest occupations, registered nurses ($77,460) and general and operations
    managers ($123,030) were the only occupations with above-average wages. (See table 1.)

Public sector occupations

  --The public sector made up 15 percent of employment and had a different occupational mix
    from the private sector. 

  --Many of the largest public sector occupations were related to education. These occupations
    included elementary school teachers, except special education (public sector employment of
    1.3 million); teaching assistants, except postsecondary (1.1 million); secondary school
    teachers, except special and career/technical education (904,570); and middle school
    teachers, except special and career/technical education (553,620).

  --Outside of the educational instruction and library group, the occupations with the highest
    public sector employment included police and sheriff's patrol officers (658,300); general
    office clerks (511,040); and secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal,
    medical, and executive (500,330).



  ____________________________________________________________________________________________
 |             										      |
 |             Changes to the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Data		      |
 |											      |
 |   With the May 2019 estimates, the OES program has begun implementing the 2018 Standard    |
 |   Occupational Classification (SOC) system. Each set of OES estimates is calculated from   |
 |   six panels of survey data collected over three years. Because the May 2019 estimates     |
 |   are based on a combination of survey data collected using the 2010 SOC and survey data   |
 |   collected using the 2018 SOC, these estimates use a hybrid of the two classification     |
 |   systems that contains some combinations of occupations that are not found in either      |
 |   the 2010 or 2018 SOC. These combinations may include occupations from more than one      |
 |   2018 SOC minor group or broad occupation. Therefore, OES will not publish data for some  |
 |   2018 SOC minor groups and broad occupations in the May 2019 estimates. The May 2021      |
 |   estimates, to be published in Spring 2022, will be the first OES estimates based 	      |
 |   entirely on survey data collected using the 2018 SOC. 				      |
 |											      |
 |   In addition, the OES program has replaced some 2018 SOC detailed occupations with SOC    |
 |   broad occupations or OES-specific aggregations. These include home health aides and      |
 |   personal care aides, for which OES will publish only the 2018 SOC broad occupation	      |
 |   31-1120 Home Health and Personal Care Aides.					      |
 |   											      |
 |   For more information on the occupational classification system used in the May 2019 OES  |
 |   estimates, please see www.bls.gov/oes/soc_2018.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm#qf10.|
 |   											      |
 |   The May 2019 OES estimates use the metropolitan area definitions delineated in Office    |
 |   of Management and Budget (OMB) Bulletin 17-01, which add a new Metropolitan Statistical  |
 |   Area (MSA) for Twin Falls, Idaho. For more information on the area definitions used in   |
 |   the May 2019 estimates, please see www.bls.gov/oes/current/msa_def.htm.    	      |
 |____________________________________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note
 
Scope of the survey

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual survey measuring
occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm
establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-
industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580 areas,
including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs),
nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the
NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels;
and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals.

The OES survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies
(SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, while
the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OES estimates are constructed
from a sample of about 1.1 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels
of approximately 180,000 to 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel
in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other
electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2019 estimates are based
on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2019,
November 2018, May 2018, November 2017, May 2017, and November 2016. The unweighted
sampled employment of 83 million across all six semiannual panels represents
approximately 57 percent of total national employment. The overall national response
rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 71
percent based on establishments and 68 percent based on weighted sampled employment. 

The occupational coding system

The May 2019 OES estimates contain nearly 800 occupational categories based on the
Office of Management and Budgetís Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system.
Together, these occupations make up 22 of the 23 SOC major occupational groups. Major
group 55, Military Specific Occupations, is not included. 

For more information about the SOC system, please see the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc/.

The May 2019 OES estimates are the first set of OES estimates to be based in part on
survey data collected using the 2018 SOC. These estimates use a hybrid of the 2010 and
2018 SOC systems. For more information on the hybrid classification system used in the
May 2019 OES estimates, please see the "Changes to the May 2019 estimates" section of
this technical note.

The industry coding system

The May 2019 OES estimates use the 2017 North American Industry Classification System
(NAICS). For more information about NAICS, see the BLS website at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

The OES survey excludes the majority of the agricultural sector, with the exception of
logging (NAICS 113310), support activities for crop production (NAICS 1151), and support
activities for animal production (NAICS 1152). Private households (NAICS 814) also are
excluded. OES federal government data include the U.S. Postal Service and the federal
executive branch only. All other industries, including state and local government, are
covered by the survey.

Survey sample

The OES survey draws its sample from state unemployment insurance (UI) files. Supplemental
sources are used for rail transportation (NAICS 4821) and Guam because they do not report
to the UI program. The OES survey sample is stratified by metropolitan and nonmetropolitan
area, industry, and size.

To provide the most occupational coverage, larger employers are more likely to be
selected than smaller employers. A census is taken of the executive branch of the federal
government, the U.S. Postal Service, and state government.

Concepts

Occupational employment is the estimate of total wage and salary employment in an 
occupation. The OES survey defines employment as the number of workers who can be 
classified as full- or part-time employees, including workers on paid vacations or 
other types of paid leave; workers on unpaid short-term absences; salaried officers,
executives, and staff members of incorporated firms; employees temporarily assigned
to other units; and employees for whom the reporting unit is their permanent duty station,
regardless of whether that unit prepares their paycheck. The survey does not include the
self-employed, owners and partners in unincorporated firms, household workers, or unpaid
family workers.

Wages for the OES survey are straight-time, gross pay, exclusive of premium pay. Base rate;
cost-of-living allowances; guaranteed pay; hazardous-duty pay; incentive pay, including
commissions and production bonuses; and tips are included. Excluded are overtime pay,
severance pay, shift differentials, nonproduction bonuses, employer cost for supplementary
benefits, and tuition reimbursements.

OES receives wage rate data for the federal government, the U.S. Postal Service, and most
state governments. For the remaining establishments, the OES survey data are placed into
12 intervals. The intervals are defined both as hourly rates and the corresponding annual
rates, where the annual rate for an occupation is calculated by multiplying the hourly wage
rate by a typical work year of 2,080 hours. The responding establishments are instructed
to report the hourly rate for part-time workers, and to report annual rates for occupations
that are typically paid at an annual rate but do not work 2,080 hours per year, such as
teachers, pilots, and flight attendants. Other workers, such as some entertainment workers,
are paid hourly rates, but generally do not work 40 hours per week, year round. For these
workers, only an hourly wage is reported.
 
Estimation methodology

The OES survey is designed to produce estimates by combining six panels of data collected
over a 3-year period. Each OES panel contains approximately 180,000 to 200,000 establishments.
Recent OES survey panels have a reduced sample; see the "Changes to the May 2019 estimates"
section below for more information. The full six-panel sample of 1.1 million establishments
allows the production of estimates at detailed levels of geography, industry, and occupation.

Wage updating. Significant reductions in sampling errors are obtained by combining six panels
of data, particularly for small geographic areas and occupations. Wages for the current panel
need no adjustment. However, wages in the five previous panels need to be updated to the
current panelís reference period.

The OES program uses the BLS Employment Cost Index (ECI) to adjust survey data from prior
panels before combining them with the current panelís data. The wage updating procedure
adjusts each detailed occupationís wage rate, as measured in the earlier panel, according
to the average movement of its broader occupational division.

Imputation. Some establishments do not respond for a given panel. For most employers, a
"nearest neighbor" hot deck imputation procedure is used to impute missing occupational
employment totals. A variant of mean imputation is used to impute missing wage distributions.
In some cases, data for nonrespondents are available from earlier panels. In those cases,
the older data may be used and aged to represent the current reference period.

Weighting and benchmarking. The sampled establishments are weighted to represent all
establishments for the reference period. Weights are further adjusted by the ratio of
employment totals (the average of November 2018 and May 2019 employment) from the BLS
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages to employment totals from the OES survey.

Changes to the May 2019 estimates

With the May 2019 estimates, the OES program has begun implementing the 2018 Standard
Occupational Classification (SOC) system. Each set of OES estimates is calculated from
six panels of survey data collected over three years. Because the May 2019 estimates
are based on a combination of survey data collected using the 2010 SOC and survey data
collected using the 2018 SOC, these estimates use a hybrid of the two classification
systems that contains some combinations of occupations that are not found in either the
2010 or 2018 SOC. These combinations may include occupations from more than one 2018
SOC minor group or broad occupation. Therefore, OES will not publish data for some 2018
SOC minor groups and broad occupations in the May 2019 estimates. The May 2021 estimates,
to be published in Spring 2022, will be the first OES estimates based entirely on survey
data collected using the 2018 SOC. 

In addition, the OES program has replaced some 2018 SOC detailed occupations with SOC
broad occupations or OES-specific aggregations. These include home health aides and
personal care aides, for which OES will publish only the 2018 SOC broad occupation 31-1120
Home Health and Personal Care Aides.

More information on the occupational classification system used in the May 2019 OES
estimates is available at www.bls.gov/oes/soc_2018.htm and in the OES frequently asked
questions at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm#qf10.

The May 2019 OES estimates use the metropolitan area definitions delineated in Office
of Management and Budget (OMB) Bulletin 17-01, which add a new Metropolitan Statistical
Area (MSA) for Twin Falls, Idaho. For more information on the area definitions used in
the May 2019 estimates, please see www.bls.gov/oes/current/msa_def.htm.

The OES sample has been reduced in recent survey panels. The May 2019 OES survey panel
had a sample of approximately 183,000 establishments. The November 2017, May 2018, and
November 2018 survey panels each had a sample of approximately 186,000 establishments.
The May 2017 panel sample consisted of approximately 195,000 establishments, and the
November 2016 panel sample consisted of approximately 202,000 establishments. 

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at
www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm.




Table 1. National employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey by occupation, May 2019
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                          Median
                                     Occupation                                         Employment        Mean wages      hourly
                                                                                                     Hourly    Annual(1)   wages
                                                                                                                                
All occupations                                                                        146,875,480   $25.72    $53,490    $19.14
                                                                                                                                
Management occupations                                                                   8,054,120    58.88    122,480     50.80
   Top executives.....................................................................   2,658,440    61.09    127,070     49.63
    Chief executives..................................................................     205,890    93.20    193,850     88.68
    General and operations managers...................................................   2,400,280    59.15    123,030     48.45
    Legislators.......................................................................      52,280     (≤)      49,440      (≤)
   Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers...........     770,540    68.91    143,330     61.96
    Advertising and promotions managers...............................................      25,100    68.22    141,890     60.34
    Marketing and sales managers......................................................     666,280    69.55    144,660     62.84
     Marketing managers...............................................................     263,680    71.73    149,200     65.79
     Sales managers...................................................................     402,600    68.12    141,690     60.89
    Public relations and fundraising managers.........................................      79,160    63.77    132,630     55.86
   Operations specialties managers....................................................   1,996,160    64.69    134,550     58.15
    Administrative services and facilities managers...................................     307,280    51.23    106,550     46.61
    Computer and information systems managers.........................................     433,960    75.19    156,390     70.37
    Financial managers................................................................     654,790    70.93    147,530     62.45
    Industrial production managers....................................................     185,790    55.34    115,110     50.71
    Purchasing managers...............................................................      72,100    61.73    128,400     58.23
    Transportation, storage, and distribution managers................................     132,040    49.67    103,320     45.46
    Compensation and benefits managers................................................      16,900    64.52    134,210     58.78
    Human resources managers..........................................................     154,800    62.29    129,570     56.11
    Training and development managers.................................................      38,510    59.36    123,470     54.50
   Other management occupations.......................................................   2,628,970    49.31    102,560     43.90
    Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers................................       5,060    38.63     80,360     34.21
    Construction managers.............................................................     293,380    50.48    105,000     45.80
    Education and childcare administrators............................................     512,820    47.25     98,270     43.81
     Education and childcare administrators, preschool and daycare....................      52,360    25.81     53,690     23.18
     Education administrators, kindergarten through secondary.........................     271,020     (≤)     100,340      (≤)
     Education administrators, postsecondary..........................................     144,880    54.04    112,400     45.87
     Education administrators, all other..............................................      44,550    44.30     92,150     41.08
    Architectural and engineering managers............................................     194,250    73.52    152,930     69.63
    Food service managers.............................................................     235,470    28.76     59,820     26.60
    Gambling managers.................................................................       4,450    40.72     84,700     36.04
    Lodging managers..................................................................      38,340    30.56     63,570     26.17
    Medical and health services managers..............................................     394,910    55.37    115,160     48.55
    Natural sciences managers.........................................................      67,720    69.93    145,450     62.07
    Postmasters and mail superintendents..............................................      13,850    37.60     78,220     36.97
    Property, real estate, and community association managers.........................     220,750    34.48     71,720     28.25
    Social and community service managers.............................................     156,460    35.05     72,900     32.28
    Emergency management directors....................................................      10,060    39.68     82,530     35.86
    Funeral home managers.............................................................       9,400    45.78     95,220     36.71
    Personal service managers, all other; entertainment and recreation managers,                                                
     except gambling; and managers, all other.........................................     472,060    57.07    118,710     53.19
                                                                                                                                
Business and financial operations occupations                                            8,183,750    37.56     78,130     33.57
   Business operations specialists....................................................   5,427,140    36.31     75,530     33.04
    Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes.................      17,060    46.72     97,170     35.45
    Buyers and purchasing agents......................................................     421,280    33.50     69,680     30.95
    Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators........................     301,710    33.09     68,820     31.99
     Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators...................................     287,960    33.15     68,940     32.11
     Insurance appraisers, auto damage................................................      13,750    31.85     66,240     30.42
    Compliance officers...............................................................     317,600    35.03     72,850     33.20
    Cost estimators...................................................................     210,000    34.31     71,350     31.37
    Human resources workers...........................................................     708,780    32.79     68,200     30.02
     Human resources specialists......................................................     633,040    32.58     67,760     29.77
     Farm labor contractors...........................................................         160    29.84     62,060     29.77
     Labor relations specialists......................................................      75,580    34.55     71,870     33.18
    Logisticians......................................................................     182,050    37.83     78,680     35.94
    Management analysts...............................................................     709,750    45.94     95,560     40.99
    Meeting, convention, and event planners...........................................     117,610    26.39     54,880     24.33
    Fundraisers.......................................................................      81,660    30.21     62,830     27.87
    Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists..............................      89,300    33.58     69,840     31.04
    Training and development specialists..............................................     312,450    31.56     65,640     29.43
    Market research analysts and marketing specialists................................     678,500    34.41     71,570     30.67
    Project management specialists and business operations specialists, all other.....   1,279,390    38.57     80,220     35.37
   Financial specialists..............................................................   2,756,610    40.03     83,260     34.59
    Accountants and auditors..........................................................   1,280,700    38.23     79,520     34.40
    Property appraisers and assessors.................................................      56,320    30.58     63,610     27.41
    Budget analysts...................................................................      51,460    38.61     80,300     36.80
    Credit analysts...................................................................      73,930    40.83     84,930     35.41
    Personal financial advisors.......................................................     210,190    57.35    119,290     42.24
    Insurance underwriters............................................................     100,050    37.33     77,640     33.67
    Financial examiners...............................................................      64,550    44.39     92,330     38.99
    Credit counselors and loan officers...............................................     340,480    35.46     73,750     29.37
     Credit counselors................................................................      32,110    24.15     50,230     22.09
     Loan officers....................................................................     308,370    36.64     76,200     30.42
    Tax examiners, collectors and preparers, and revenue agents.......................     120,430    26.27     54,640     23.84
     Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents.................................      53,760    29.31     60,960     26.39
     Tax preparers....................................................................      66,670    23.82     49,550     20.71
    Financial and investment analysts, financial risk specialists, and financial                                                
     specialists, all other...........................................................     458,510    45.27     94,160     39.22
                                                                                                                                
Computer and mathematical occupations                                                    4,552,880    45.08     93,760     42.47
   Computer occupations...............................................................   4,358,410    45.01     93,620     42.43
    Computer and information analysts.................................................     714,640    46.91     97,570     44.40
     Computer systems analysts........................................................     589,060    46.23     96,160     43.71
     Information security analysts....................................................     125,570    50.10    104,210     47.95
    Computer and information research scientists......................................      30,780    61.28    127,460     59.06
    Computer support specialists......................................................     832,750    28.51     59,290     26.33
     Computer network support specialists.............................................     185,430    33.10     68,860     30.51
     Computer user support specialists................................................     647,330    27.19     56,550     25.13
    Database and network administrators and architects................................     632,330    46.33     96,380     43.94
     Computer network architects......................................................     152,420    55.34    115,110     54.18
     Network and computer systems administrators......................................     354,450    42.51     88,410     40.15
     Database administrators and architects...........................................     125,460    46.21     96,110     45.07
    Software and web developers, programmers, and testers.............................   1,754,750    51.44    106,980     49.20
     Computer programmers.............................................................     199,540    44.53     92,610     41.61
     Software developers and software quality assurance analysts and testers..........   1,406,870    53.66    111,620     51.69
     Web developers and digital interface designers...................................     148,340    39.60     82,370     35.46
    Computer occupations, all other...................................................     393,160    44.43     92,410     42.57
   Mathematical science occupations...................................................     194,460    46.59     96,900     43.47
    Actuaries.........................................................................      22,260    58.16    120,970     52.09
    Mathematicians....................................................................       2,630    51.57    107,280     50.50
    Operations research analysts......................................................      99,680    43.56     90,600     40.78
    Statisticians.....................................................................      39,090    46.00     95,680     43.83
    Data scientists and mathematical science occupations, all other...................      30,810    48.35    100,560     45.33
                                                                                                                                
Architecture and engineering occupations                                                 2,592,680    42.69     88,800     39.15
   Architects, surveyors, and cartographers...........................................     182,650    39.06     81,250     35.83
    Architects, except naval..........................................................     126,130    41.85     87,060     37.93
     Architects, except landscape and naval...........................................     105,850    43.06     89,560     38.82
     Landscape architects.............................................................      20,280    35.56     73,970     33.35
    Surveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetrists...................................      56,520    32.84     68,300     30.71
     Cartographers and photogrammetrists..............................................      11,300    33.55     69,790     31.47
     Surveyors........................................................................      45,220    32.66     67,920     30.49
   Engineers..........................................................................   1,730,720    48.45    100,770     45.43
    Aerospace engineers...............................................................      63,200    57.32    119,220     56.01
    Agricultural engineers............................................................       1,550    47.26     98,290     38.81
    Bioengineers and biomedical engineers.............................................      19,780    46.68     97,090     43.95
    Chemical engineers................................................................      30,120    56.29    117,090     52.30
    Civil engineers...................................................................     310,850    45.36     94,360     41.86
    Computer hardware engineers.......................................................      67,880    59.15    123,030     56.36
    Electrical and electronics engineers..............................................     314,360    51.08    106,240     48.68
     Electrical engineers.............................................................     185,570    49.75    103,480     47.37
     Electronics engineers, except computer...........................................     128,800    52.99    110,210     50.76
    Environmental engineers...........................................................      53,150    45.30     94,220     42.72
    Industrial engineers, including health and safety.................................     317,560    44.63     92,830     42.42
     Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors.......      25,860    45.58     94,810     43.95
     Industrial engineers.............................................................     291,710    44.55     92,660     42.32
    Marine engineers and naval architects.............................................      11,360    47.47     98,730     44.42
    Materials engineers...............................................................      26,820    47.06     97,890     44.88
    Mechanical engineers..............................................................     306,990    44.97     93,540     42.51
    Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers................       6,280    46.63     96,990     43.83
    Nuclear engineers.................................................................      15,850    58.03    120,700     54.55
    Petroleum engineers...............................................................      32,620    75.37    156,780     66.21
    Engineers, all other..............................................................     152,340    49.26    102,460     47.62
   Drafters, engineering technicians, and mapping technicians.........................     679,310    29.00     60,320     27.73
    Drafters..........................................................................     192,760    28.60     59,480     27.32
     Architectural and civil drafters.................................................      98,800    27.92     58,080     27.09
     Electrical and electronics drafters..............................................      24,140    31.60     65,720     29.58
     Mechanical drafters..............................................................      55,210    29.09     60,500     27.43
     Drafters, all other..............................................................      14,600    26.37     54,840     25.40
    Engineering technologists and technicians, except drafters........................     433,520    29.87     62,130     28.66
     Aerospace engineering and operations technologists and technicians...............      11,540    32.86     68,340     31.74
     Civil engineering technologists and technicians..................................      68,870    26.67     55,480     25.68
     Electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians..............     122,550    31.84     66,240     31.38
     Electro-mechanical and mechatronics technologists and technicians................      14,290    29.53     61,420     28.05
     Environmental engineering technologists and technicians..........................      18,010    26.32     54,740     24.34
     Industrial engineering technologists and technicians.............................      67,110    28.56     59,400     27.19
     Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians.............................      42,820    28.44     59,160     27.40
     Calibration technologists and technicians and engineering technologists and                                                
      technicians, except drafters, all other.........................................      88,330    31.70     65,940     30.28
    Surveying and mapping technicians.................................................      53,030    23.32     48,500     21.64
                                                                                                                                
Life, physical, and social science occupations                                           1,288,920    37.28     77,540     32.77
   Life scientists....................................................................     311,910    42.68     88,770     37.54
    Agricultural and food scientists..................................................      30,300    34.88     72,550     31.33
     Animal scientists................................................................       2,690    32.96     68,570     28.99
     Food scientists and technologists................................................      13,460    36.63     76,190     33.16
     Soil and plant scientists........................................................      14,150    33.58     69,860     30.39
    Biological scientists.............................................................     108,980    42.84     89,100     38.26
     Biochemists and biophysicists....................................................      31,360    52.01    108,180     45.43
     Microbiologists..................................................................      18,270    39.79     82,760     36.37
     Zoologists and wildlife biologists...............................................      19,250    32.31     67,200     30.42
     Biological scientists, all other.................................................      40,100    42.11     87,590     39.53
    Conservation scientists and foresters.............................................      31,580    31.68     65,900     30.01
     Conservation scientists..........................................................      22,070    32.23     67,040     30.12
     Foresters........................................................................       9,510    30.42     63,270     29.71
    Medical scientists................................................................     134,600    46.95     97,650     41.97
     Epidemiologists..................................................................       7,410    37.64     78,290     34.13
     Medical scientists, except epidemiologists.......................................     127,180    47.49     98,770     42.69
    Life scientists, all other........................................................       6,450    41.29     85,890     36.49
   Physical scientists................................................................     255,790    43.80     91,110     39.07
    Astronomers and physicists........................................................      18,800    62.56    130,110     58.76
     Astronomers......................................................................       2,070    58.79    122,270     55.09
     Physicists.......................................................................      16,730    63.02    131,080     59.06
    Atmospheric and space scientists..................................................       9,290    46.71     97,160     45.86
    Chemists and materials scientists.................................................      90,240    41.04     85,360     37.88
     Chemists.........................................................................      83,530    40.46     84,150     37.32
     Materials scientists.............................................................       6,710    48.28    100,430     46.54
    Environmental scientists and geoscientists........................................     119,920    41.25     85,790     36.46
     Environmental scientists and specialists, including health.......................      84,290    37.47     77,940     34.31
     Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers...............................      29,200    52.09    108,350     44.25
     Hydrologists.....................................................................       6,440    41.50     86,330     39.07
    Physical scientists, all other....................................................      17,550    53.88    112,070     52.84
   Social scientists and related workers..............................................     249,120    42.32     88,030     38.57
    Economists........................................................................      19,000    56.07    116,630     50.49
    Survey researchers................................................................       9,930    31.61     65,760     28.45
    Psychologists.....................................................................     128,130    42.68     88,770     38.64
     Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists...................................     113,270    42.04     87,450     37.59
     Industrial-organizational psychologists..........................................         630    53.44    111,150     44.66
     Psychologists, all other.........................................................      14,220    47.23     98,230     48.94
    Sociologists......................................................................       2,630    43.55     90,590     40.10
    Urban and regional planners.......................................................      38,560    37.38     77,750     35.75
    Miscellaneous social scientists and related workers...............................      50,870    42.06     87,480     39.37
     Anthropologists and archeologists................................................       6,720    32.12     66,810     30.61
     Geographers......................................................................       1,400    39.41     81,970     39.20
     Historians.......................................................................       3,040    33.02     68,690     30.62
     Political scientists.............................................................       6,010    57.82    120,260     58.76
     Social scientists and related workers, all other.................................      33,690    42.16     87,690     40.06
   Life, physical, and social science technicians.....................................     358,740    25.17     52,340     23.19
    Agricultural and food science technicians.........................................      21,870    21.37     44,440     19.82
    Biological technicians............................................................      79,530    23.61     49,110     22.05
    Chemical technicians..............................................................      65,760    25.44     52,910     23.68
    Environmental science and geoscience technicians..................................      49,730    26.07     54,220     22.96
     Environmental science and protection technicians, including health...............      32,620    24.41     50,760     22.38
     Geological and hydrologic technicians............................................      17,110    29.23     60,800     24.58
    Nuclear technicians...............................................................       6,420    39.77     82,710     39.46
    Social science research assistants................................................      35,580    24.68     51,340     22.84
    Forest and conservation technicians...............................................      19,060    22.05     45,860     21.87
    Miscellaneous life, physical, and social science technicians......................      80,780    26.74     55,610     25.04
     Forensic science technicians.....................................................      16,520    30.37     63,170     28.44
     Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other........................      64,260    25.80     53,670     24.30
   Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians.........................     113,360    34.95     72,690     33.88
    Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians........................     113,360    34.95     72,690     33.88
     Occupational health and safety specialists.......................................      92,780    36.68     76,290     35.63
     Occupational health and safety technicians.......................................      20,580    27.15     56,470     24.79
                                                                                                                                
Community and social service occupations                                                 2,244,310    24.27     50,480     22.16
   Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists.....   2,159,870    24.23     50,410     22.15
    Counselors........................................................................     773,500    25.54     53,120     23.45
     Educational, guidance, and career counselors and advisors........................     296,460    29.33     61,000     27.42
     Marriage and family therapists...................................................      59,050    26.25     54,590     23.85
     Rehabilitation counselors........................................................     109,040    19.31     40,160     17.28
     Substance abuse, behavioral disorder, and mental health counselors...............     283,540    24.01     49,950     22.23
     Counselors, all other............................................................      25,420    23.46     48,800     20.64
    Social workers....................................................................     678,780    26.05     54,190     24.26
     Child, family, and school social workers.........................................     327,710    24.53     51,030     22.78
     Healthcare social workers........................................................     174,890    28.51     59,300     27.29
     Mental health and substance abuse social workers.................................     117,770    24.84     51,670     22.43
     Social workers, all other........................................................      58,410    29.69     61,750     29.44
    Miscellaneous community and social service specialists............................     707,590    21.06     43,810     18.80
     Health education specialists.....................................................      58,590    29.09     60,500     26.55
     Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists........................      88,120    28.80     59,910     26.10
     Social and human service assistants..............................................     404,450    17.81     37,050     16.85
     Community health workers.........................................................      58,950    21.34     44,390     19.41
     Community and social service specialists, all other..............................      97,480    22.55     46,900     21.05
   Religious workers..................................................................      84,440    25.12     52,260     22.54
    Clergy............................................................................      53,180    26.53     55,190     24.23
    Directors, religious activities and education.....................................      21,820    24.28     50,490     21.09
    Religious workers, all other......................................................       9,450    19.15     39,830     15.21
                                                                                                                                
Legal occupations                                                                        1,150,780    52.71    109,630     39.34
   Lawyers, judges, and related workers...............................................     722,940    67.87    141,180     57.68
    Lawyers and judicial law clerks...................................................     673,800    68.84    143,200     58.02
     Lawyers..........................................................................     657,170    69.86    145,300     59.11
     Judicial law clerks..............................................................      16,630    28.79     59,890     25.97
    Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers...................................      49,140    54.55    113,470     53.40
     Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers....................      14,380    48.19    100,230     47.05
     Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators.........................................       6,090    35.44     73,720     30.74
     Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates.......................................      28,670    61.80    128,550     65.82
   Legal support workers..............................................................     427,840    27.08     56,320     24.96
    Paralegals and legal assistants...................................................     329,870    26.45     55,020     24.87
    Miscellaneous legal support workers...............................................      97,970    29.18     60,690     25.21
     Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers......................................      52,890    25.02     52,050     23.17
     Legal support workers, all other.................................................      45,080    34.06     70,840     28.08
                                                                                                                                
Educational instruction and library occupations                                          8,886,600    27.75     57,710     24.42
   Postsecondary teachers.............................................................   1,407,110     (≤)      90,830      (≤)
    Business teachers, postsecondary..................................................      83,920     (≤)     105,440      (≤)
    Math and computer science teachers, postsecondary.................................      82,940     (≤)      90,970      (≤)
     Computer science teachers, postsecondary.........................................      31,800     (≤)      98,430      (≤)
     Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary.....................................      51,150     (≤)      86,330      (≤)
    Engineering and architecture teachers, postsecondary..............................      42,860     (≤)     110,040      (≤)
     Architecture teachers, postsecondary.............................................       6,780     (≤)      98,980      (≤)
     Engineering teachers, postsecondary..............................................      36,080     (≤)     112,110      (≤)
    Life sciences teachers, postsecondary.............................................      64,330     (≤)      97,110      (≤)
     Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary....................................       9,470     (≤)      89,320      (≤)
     Biological science teachers, postsecondary.......................................      53,090     (≤)      98,700      (≤)
     Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary........................       1,770     (≤)      90,940      (≤)
    Physical sciences teachers, postsecondary.........................................      52,240     (≤)      97,090      (≤)
     Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary...........      11,020     (≤)     102,690      (≤)
     Chemistry teachers, postsecondary................................................      21,380     (≤)      92,650      (≤)
     Environmental science teachers, postsecondary....................................       6,060     (≤)      93,450      (≤)
     Physics teachers, postsecondary..................................................      13,780     (≤)     101,110      (≤)
    Social sciences teachers, postsecondary...........................................     117,590     (≤)      92,920      (≤)
     Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary..............................       5,850     (≤)      95,140      (≤)
     Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary.......................      10,600     (≤)      88,410      (≤)
     Economics teachers, postsecondary................................................      13,270     (≤)     119,160      (≤)
     Geography teachers, postsecondary................................................       3,970     (≤)      86,540      (≤)
     Political science teachers, postsecondary........................................      15,750     (≤)     102,290      (≤)
     Psychology teachers, postsecondary...............................................      37,480     (≤)      87,530      (≤)
     Sociology teachers, postsecondary................................................      13,850     (≤)      85,240      (≤)
     Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other...............................      16,830     (≤)      85,390      (≤)
    Health teachers, postsecondary....................................................     261,590     (≤)     112,850      (≤)
     Health specialties teachers, postsecondary.......................................     201,920     (≤)     121,620      (≤)
     Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary..................................      59,680     (≤)      83,160      (≤)
    Education and library science teachers, postsecondary.............................      65,690     (≤)      74,740      (≤)
     Education teachers, postsecondary................................................      61,300     (≤)      74,560      (≤)
     Library science teachers, postsecondary..........................................       4,390     (≤)      77,170      (≤)
    Law, criminal justice, and social work teachers, postsecondary....................      43,890     (≤)      95,510      (≤)
     Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary.....................      14,070     (≤)      72,980      (≤)
     Law teachers, postsecondary......................................................      16,180     (≤)     129,950      (≤)
     Social work teachers, postsecondary..............................................      13,640     (≤)      77,910      (≤)
    Arts, communications, history, and humanities teachers, postsecondary.............     260,500     (≤)      82,360      (≤)
     Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary....................................      94,060     (≤)      83,220      (≤)
     Communications teachers, postsecondary...........................................      29,120     (≤)      79,830      (≤)
     English language and literature teachers, postsecondary..........................      67,930     (≤)      80,180      (≤)
     Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary..........................      24,860     (≤)      80,170      (≤)
     History teachers, postsecondary..................................................      21,030     (≤)      84,210      (≤)
     Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary..................................      23,490     (≤)      88,970      (≤)
    Miscellaneous postsecondary teachers..............................................     331,560     (≤)      73,540      (≤)
     Family and consumer sciences teachers, postsecondary.............................       2,150     (≤)      85,270      (≤)
     Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary...........................      15,880     (≤)      73,720      (≤)
     Career/technical education teachers, postsecondary...............................     112,210    29.05     60,420     26.26
     Postsecondary teachers, all other................................................     201,320     (≤)      80,720      (≤)
   Preschool, elementary, middle, secondary, and special education teachers...........   4,211,470     (≤)      61,420      (≤)
    Preschool and kindergarten teachers...............................................     555,650    19.41     40,370     16.65
     Preschool teachers, except special education.....................................     431,350    16.66     34,650     14.67
     Kindergarten teachers, except special education..................................     124,290     (≤)      60,210      (≤)
    Elementary and middle school teachers.............................................   2,064,680     (≤)      63,820      (≤)
     Elementary school teachers, except special education.............................   1,430,480     (≤)      63,930      (≤)
     Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education............     622,330     (≤)      63,550      (≤)
     Career/technical education teachers, middle school...............................      11,860     (≤)      64,900      (≤)
    Secondary school teachers.........................................................   1,110,370     (≤)      65,850      (≤)
     Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education.........   1,035,850     (≤)      65,930      (≤)
     Career/technical education teachers, secondary school............................      74,520     (≤)      64,800      (≤)
    Special education teachers........................................................     480,780     (≤)      65,230      (≤)
     Special education teachers, preschool............................................      22,340     (≤)      67,060      (≤)
     Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school...................     193,830     (≤)      64,420      (≤)
     Special education teachers, middle school........................................      85,840     (≤)      65,740      (≤)
     Special education teachers, secondary school.....................................     143,170     (≤)      65,710      (≤)
     Special education teachers, all other............................................      35,600     (≤)      65,350      (≤)
   Other teachers and instructors.....................................................   1,212,090    19.58     40,730     15.93
    Adult basic education, adult secondary education, and English as a second                                                   
     language instructors.............................................................      51,950    28.36     58,980     26.13
    Self-enrichment teachers..........................................................     252,780    22.17     46,120     18.84
    Substitute teachers, short-term...................................................     587,120    15.61     32,460     13.84
    Tutors and teachers and instructors, all other....................................     320,250     (≤)      48,700      (≤)
   Librarians, curators, and archivists...............................................     257,060    25.16     52,330     23.57
    Archivists, curators, and museum technicians......................................      32,640    26.11     54,320     23.97
     Archivists.......................................................................       6,560    27.65     57,500     25.94
     Curators.........................................................................      12,890    28.43     59,130     26.24
     Museum technicians and conservators..............................................      13,190    23.09     48,030     21.36
    Librarians and media collections specialists......................................     135,690    29.77     61,920     28.61
    Library technicians...............................................................      88,720    17.76     36,950     16.78
   Other educational instruction and library occupations..............................   1,798,860     (≤)      35,330      (≤)
    Farm and home management educators................................................       8,720    25.34     52,720     23.90
    Instructional coordinators........................................................     176,690    33.26     69,180     31.87
    Teaching assistants...............................................................   1,484,410     (≤)      30,280      (≤)
     Teaching assistants, postsecondary...............................................     137,500     (≤)      36,460      (≤)
     Teaching assistants, except postsecondary........................................   1,346,910     (≤)      29,640      (≤)
    Educational instruction and library workers, all other............................     129,040    22.10     45,970     19.38
                                                                                                                                
Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations                               2,017,810    29.79     61,960     24.59
   Art and design workers.............................................................     633,420    27.54     57,290     23.14
    Artists and related workers.......................................................      96,760    43.01     89,470     37.14
     Art directors....................................................................      42,890    52.69    109,600     45.30
     Craft artists....................................................................       4,640    18.63     38,740     16.69
     Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators....................      12,350    30.30     63,030     24.30
     Special effects artists and animators............................................      29,340    40.76     84,780     36.19
     Artists and related workers, all other...........................................       7,550    32.57     67,750     31.01
    Designers.........................................................................     536,660    24.75     51,490     21.35
     Commercial and industrial designers..............................................      32,770    35.49     73,820     33.12
     Fashion designers................................................................      22,030    41.40     86,110     35.48
     Floral designers.................................................................      41,770    14.31     29,760     13.48
     Graphic designers................................................................     215,930    27.17     56,510     25.05
     Interior designers...............................................................      60,650    29.32     60,990     26.94
     Merchandise displayers and window trimmers.......................................     140,850    15.84     32,940     14.16
     Set and exhibit designers........................................................      12,040    30.04     62,480     26.25
     Designers, all other.............................................................      10,610    35.34     73,510     31.07
   Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers............................     536,540    30.10     62,600     21.76
    Actors, producers, and directors..................................................     181,830    40.52     84,290     30.34
     Actors...........................................................................      52,620    29.14       (≤)      20.43
     Producers and directors..........................................................     129,210    45.16     93,940     35.78
    Athletes, coaches, umpires, and related workers...................................     272,840     (≤)      46,460      (≤)
     Athletes and sports competitors..................................................      11,330     (≤)      93,140      (≤)
     Coaches and scouts...............................................................     241,390     (≤)      44,910      (≤)
     Umpires, referees, and other sports officials....................................      20,120     (≤)      38,810      (≤)
    Dancers and choreographers........................................................      14,320    23.83     49,570     18.68
     Dancers..........................................................................       9,690    22.91       (≤)      17.49
     Choreographers...................................................................       4,630    25.77     53,590     22.27
    Musicians, singers, and related workers...........................................      51,710    38.15       (≤)      28.88
     Music directors and composers....................................................      10,580    31.09     64,670     24.84
     Musicians and singers............................................................      41,130    39.96       (≤)      30.39
    Miscellaneous entertainers and performers, sports and related workers.............      15,840    23.40       (≤)      15.86
   Media and communication workers....................................................     609,210    32.61     67,830     28.48
    Broadcast announcers and radio disc jockeys.......................................      29,230    25.76     53,580     16.65
    News analysts, reporters, and journalists.........................................      44,100    30.00     62,400     22.25
    Public relations specialists......................................................     244,730    33.75     70,190     29.40
    Writers and editors...............................................................     192,580    35.42     73,680     31.31
     Editors..........................................................................      95,970    34.57     71,910     29.50
     Technical writers................................................................      50,760    36.95     76,860     35.03
     Writers and authors..............................................................      45,860    35.51     73,860     30.39
    Miscellaneous media and communication workers.....................................      98,560    27.49     57,170     25.15
     Interpreters and translators.....................................................      58,870    27.40     57,000     24.92
     Court reporters and simultaneous captioners......................................      14,530    31.25     64,990     28.91
     Media and communication workers, all other.......................................      25,160    25.51     53,060     22.88
   Media and communication equipment workers..........................................     238,630    27.86     57,950     23.21
    Audio and video technicians.......................................................      73,960    24.65     51,260     22.07
    Broadcast technicians.............................................................      28,650    22.50     46,800     19.51
    Sound engineering technicians.....................................................      12,890    32.25     67,090     26.32
    Photographers.....................................................................      50,620    21.85     45,440     17.44
    Television, video, and film camera operators and editors..........................      49,070    37.27     77,510     28.76
     Camera operators, television, video, and film....................................      21,500    31.23     64,960     26.52
     Film and video editors...........................................................      27,570    41.97     87,300     30.66
    Lighting technicians and media and communication equipment workers, all other.....      23,440    35.43     73,700     35.32
                                                                                                                                
Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations                                       8,673,140    40.21     83,640     32.78
   Healthcare diagnosing or treating practitioners....................................   5,685,500    49.26    102,470     39.61
    Chiropractors.....................................................................      35,010    40.87     85,010     33.82
    Dentists..........................................................................     127,200    88.01    183,060     76.54
     Dentists, general................................................................     110,730    85.70    178,260     74.81
     Oral and maxillofacial surgeons..................................................       4,650   114.21    237,570      (≥)
     Orthodontists....................................................................       5,990   110.98    230,830      (≥)
     Prosthodontists..................................................................         490   106.17    220,840      (≥)
     Dentists, all other specialists..................................................       5,330    85.59    178,040     70.78
    Dietitians and nutritionists......................................................      67,670    29.97     62,330     29.46
    Optometrists......................................................................      39,420    59.12    122,980     55.41
    Pharmacists.......................................................................     311,200    60.34    125,510     61.58
    Physician assistants..............................................................     120,090    54.04    112,410     53.97
    Podiatrists.......................................................................       9,770    68.60    142,680     60.69
    Therapists........................................................................     709,730    38.87     80,850     37.88
     Occupational therapists..........................................................     133,570    41.45     86,210     40.84
     Physical therapists..............................................................     233,350    43.35     90,170     43.00
     Radiation therapists.............................................................      17,860    44.05     91,620     41.14
     Recreational therapists..........................................................      19,070    24.58     51,130     23.18
     Respiratory therapists...........................................................     132,090    30.75     63,950     29.48
     Speech-language pathologists.....................................................     154,360    39.43     82,000     38.04
     Exercise physiologists...........................................................       7,280    26.32     54,750     23.64
     Therapists, all other............................................................      12,170    28.17     58,600     25.31
    Veterinarians.....................................................................      74,540    50.39    104,820     45.90
    Registered nurses.................................................................   2,982,280    37.24     77,460     35.24
    Nurse anesthetists................................................................      43,570    87.04    181,040     84.03
    Nurse midwives....................................................................       6,930    52.31    108,810     50.50
    Nurse practitioners...............................................................     200,600    53.77    111,840     52.80
    Audiologists......................................................................      13,590    40.34     83,900     37.31
    Anesthesiologists.................................................................      31,010   125.83    261,730      (≥)
    Family medicine physicians........................................................     109,370   102.53    213,270     98.84
    General internal medicine physicians..............................................      44,610    96.85    201,440     96.92
    Obstetricians and gynecologists...................................................      18,620   112.31    233,610      (≥)
    Pediatricians, general............................................................      29,740    88.66    184,410     84.28
    Psychiatrists.....................................................................      25,530   105.98    220,430      (≥)
    Physicians, all other; and ophthalmologists, except pediatric.....................     390,680    97.81    203,450     99.28
    Surgeons, except ophthalmologists.................................................      36,270   121.17    252,040      (≥)
    Miscellaneous healthcare diagnosing or treating practitioners.....................     258,060    37.93     78,900     36.63
     Dental hygienists................................................................     221,560    37.13     77,230     36.65
     Acupuncturists and healthcare diagnosing or treating practitioners, all other....      36,500    42.82     89,060     36.37
   Health technologists and technicians...............................................   2,902,300    22.86     47,540     21.34
    Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians.................................     326,020    26.34     54,780     25.54
    Cardiovascular technologists and technicians......................................      56,110    28.66     59,600     27.75
    Diagnostic medical sonographers...................................................      72,790    36.44     75,780     35.73
    Nuclear medicine technologists....................................................      18,110    38.58     80,240     37.48
    Radiologic technologists and technicians..........................................     207,360    30.34     63,120     29.09
    Magnetic resonance imaging technologists..........................................      37,900    35.70     74,270     35.30
    Emergency medical technicians and paramedics......................................     260,600    18.67     38,830     17.02
    Health practitioner support technologists and technicians.........................     803,740    18.17     37,800     17.12
     Dietetic technicians.............................................................      29,230    14.99     31,180     13.66
     Pharmacy technicians.............................................................     417,780    16.95     35,250     16.32
     Psychiatric technicians..........................................................      78,470    18.05     37,550     16.24
     Surgical technologists...........................................................     109,000    24.09     50,110     23.22
     Veterinary technologists and technicians.........................................     110,650    17.63     36,670     16.98
     Ophthalmic medical technicians...................................................      58,600    18.64     38,760     17.76
    Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses.................................     697,510    23.32     48,500     22.83
    Opticians, dispensing.............................................................      72,330    19.58     40,730     18.19
    Orthotists and prosthetists.......................................................       9,830    35.01     72,810     32.89
    Hearing aid specialists...........................................................       8,210    26.62     55,360     25.68
    Medical dosimetrists, medical records specialists, and health technologists and                                             
     technicians, all other...........................................................     331,790    22.40     46,590     20.50
   Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations...........................      85,340    27.22     56,620     23.93
    Athletic trainers.................................................................      28,600     (≤)      50,540      (≤)
    Genetic counselors................................................................       2,390    40.54     84,310     39.36
    Health information technologists, medical registrars, surgical assistants, and                                              
     healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other........................      54,350    28.17     58,600     23.97
                                                                                                                                
Healthcare support occupations                                                           6,521,790    14.91     31,010     13.69
   Home health and personal care aides; and nursing assistants, orderlies, and                                                  
    psychiatric aides.................................................................   4,683,430    13.39     27,860     12.68
    Home health and personal care aides...............................................   3,161,500    12.71     26,440     12.15
    Nursing assistants, orderlies, and psychiatric aides..............................   1,521,930    14.80     30,790     14.27
     Nursing assistants...............................................................   1,419,920    14.77     30,720     14.26
     Orderlies........................................................................      46,990    14.76     30,710     13.93
     Psychiatric aides................................................................      55,020    15.67     32,590     14.96
   Occupational therapy and physical therapist assistants and aides...................     198,660    24.56     51,080     25.44
    Occupational therapy assistants and aides.........................................      52,550    27.84     57,910     28.46
     Occupational therapy assistants..................................................      44,990    29.75     61,880     29.57
     Occupational therapy aides.......................................................       7,560    16.50     34,310     14.05
    Physical therapist assistants and aides...........................................     146,110    23.38     48,630     23.55
     Physical therapist assistants....................................................      96,840    28.14     58,520     28.26
     Physical therapist aides.........................................................      49,270    14.03     29,180     12.98
   Other healthcare support occupations...............................................   1,639,700    18.07     37,580     17.24
    Massage therapists................................................................     107,240    22.68     47,180     20.59
    Miscellaneous healthcare support occupations......................................   1,532,460    17.74     36,910     17.13
     Dental assistants................................................................     351,470    19.79     41,170     19.27
     Medical assistants...............................................................     712,430    17.17     35,720     16.73
     Medical equipment preparers......................................................      56,900    19.01     39,530     18.00
     Medical transcriptionists........................................................      55,780    16.93     35,210     16.05
     Pharmacy aides...................................................................      37,280    14.66     30,490     13.39
     Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers...........................      97,030    14.28     29,690     13.75
     Phlebotomists....................................................................     128,290    17.54     36,480     17.07
     Healthcare support workers, all other............................................      93,270    19.24     40,010     18.49
                                                                                                                                
Protective service occupations                                                           3,498,800    23.98     49,880     19.99
   Supervisors of protective service workers..........................................     319,960    37.31     77,600     34.35
    First-line supervisors of law enforcement workers.................................     167,780    42.20     87,770     39.90
     First-line supervisors of correctional officers..................................      46,430    33.18     69,000     30.64
     First-line supervisors of police and detectives..................................     121,340    45.65     94,950     43.79
    First-line supervisors of firefighting and prevention workers.....................      69,590    39.43     82,010     37.40
    Miscellaneous first-line supervisors, protective service workers..................      82,590    25.58     53,210     24.27
   Firefighting and prevention workers................................................     340,490    26.46     55,040     24.68
    Firefighters......................................................................     324,620    26.27     54,650     24.45
    Fire inspectors...................................................................      15,870    30.38     63,180     28.96
     Fire inspectors and investigators................................................      13,710    31.12     64,730     29.65
     Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists................................       2,160    25.65     53,350     21.77
   Law enforcement workers............................................................   1,232,740    30.17     62,740     27.42
    Bailiffs, correctional officers, and jailers......................................     442,700    24.14     50,210     21.78
     Bailiffs.........................................................................      19,650    24.92     51,840     22.99
     Correctional officers and jailers................................................     423,050    24.10     50,130     21.72
    Detectives and criminal investigators.............................................     105,620    41.36     86,030     39.99
    Fish and game wardens.............................................................       6,800    27.73     57,690     27.64
    Parking enforcement workers.......................................................       7,650    20.88     43,420     19.67
    Police officers...................................................................     669,970    32.51     67,620     30.41
     Police and sheriff's patrol officers.............................................     665,280    32.50     67,600     30.36
     Transit and railroad police......................................................       4,690    34.19     71,120     34.53
   Other protective service workers...................................................   1,605,610    16.05     33,380     14.31
    Animal control workers............................................................      11,980    19.09     39,710     18.07
    Private detectives and investigators..............................................      35,000    27.40     57,000     24.28
    Security guards and gambling surveillance officers................................   1,136,650    15.90     33,080     14.29
     Gambling surveillance officers and gambling investigators........................      10,280    18.28     38,030     16.44
     Security guards..................................................................   1,126,370    15.88     33,030     14.27
    Miscellaneous protective service workers..........................................     421,980    15.42     32,070     13.78
     Crossing guards and flaggers.....................................................      84,920    15.83     32,920     14.31
     Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers........     143,940    12.20     25,380     11.26
     Transportation security screeners................................................      46,730    20.34     42,310     20.08
     School bus monitors and protective service workers, all other....................     146,390    16.77     34,880     14.90
                                                                                                                                
Food preparation and serving related occupations                                        13,494,590    12.82     26,670     11.65
   Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers................................   1,139,290    18.82     39,140     16.74
    Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers...............................   1,139,290    18.82     39,140     16.74
     Chefs and head cooks.............................................................     128,190    27.07     56,310     24.78
     First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers...................   1,011,100    17.77     36,960     16.06
   Cooks and food preparation workers.................................................   3,367,740    13.03     27,100     12.45
    Cooks.............................................................................   2,504,000    13.24     27,550     12.67
     Cooks, fast food.................................................................     527,220    11.31     23,530     11.30
     Cooks, institution and cafeteria.................................................     402,480    13.96     29,030     13.34
     Cooks, private household.........................................................         390    21.92     45,600     18.21
     Cooks, restaurant................................................................   1,401,890    13.80     28,700     13.36
     Cooks, short order...............................................................     152,670    12.62     26,240     12.09
     Cooks, all other.................................................................      19,340    15.50     32,240     14.79
    Food preparation workers..........................................................     863,740    12.41     25,820     11.92
   Food and beverage serving workers..................................................   7,500,280    12.01     24,990     11.02
    Bartenders........................................................................     646,850    13.46     28,000     11.39
    Fast food and counter workers.....................................................   3,996,820    11.18     23,250     10.93
    Waiters and waitresses............................................................   2,579,020    12.88     26,800     11.00
    Food servers, nonrestaurant.......................................................     277,580    12.54     26,080     11.74
   Other food preparation and serving related workers.................................   1,487,290    11.82     24,590     11.37
    Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers........................     477,270    12.03     25,020     11.28
    Dishwashers.......................................................................     514,330    11.74     24,410     11.53
    Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop..........................     423,380    11.54     24,010     11.10
    Food preparation and serving related workers, all other...........................      72,300    12.74     26,510     12.01
                                                                                                                                
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations                                4,429,100    15.03     31,250     13.62
   Supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers...............     259,140    22.80     47,430     21.39
    First-line supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers...     259,140    22.80     47,430     21.39
     First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers....................     155,550    21.23     44,160     19.61
     First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers..     103,580    25.16     52,340     23.73
   Building cleaning and pest control workers.........................................   3,170,010    14.11     29,350     12.78
    Building cleaning workers.........................................................   3,090,570    13.98     29,080     12.68
     Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners....................   2,145,450    14.43     30,010     13.19
     Maids and housekeeping cleaners..................................................     926,960    12.89     26,810     11.95
     Building cleaning workers, all other.............................................      18,150    16.96     35,270     15.01
    Pest control workers..............................................................      79,450    19.19     39,910     17.95
   Grounds maintenance workers........................................................     999,960    15.91     33,100     14.85
    Grounds maintenance workers.......................................................     999,960    15.91     33,100     14.85
     Landscaping and groundskeeping workers...........................................     912,660    15.56     32,360     14.63
     Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation........................      25,780    18.86     39,230     17.23
     Tree trimmers and pruners........................................................      47,210    20.44     42,510     19.22
     Grounds maintenance workers, all other...........................................      14,310    18.21     37,870     15.43
                                                                                                                                
Personal care and service occupations                                                    3,303,200    15.03     31,260     12.61
   Supervisors of personal care and service workers...................................     247,100    21.35     44,400     19.68
    First-line supervisors of gambling services workers...............................      29,420    24.93     51,850     24.38
    First-line supervisors of personal service and entertainment and recreation                                                 
     workers, except gambling services................................................     217,680    20.86     43,400     19.14
   Animal care and service workers....................................................     228,980    13.33     27,720     12.02
    Animal trainers...................................................................      16,530    17.43     36,240     14.63
    Animal caretakers.................................................................     212,450    13.01     27,060     11.91
   Entertainment attendants and related workers.......................................     628,090    12.05     25,060     11.18
    Gambling services workers.........................................................     119,330    12.02     25,010     10.45
     Gambling dealers.................................................................      98,890    11.53     23,980     10.22
     Gambling and sports book writers and runners.....................................       9,970    13.38     27,830     11.90
     Gambling service workers, all other..............................................      10,470    15.38     32,000     13.61
    Motion picture projectionists.....................................................       4,540    14.37     29,890     12.09
    Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers.......................................     138,160    11.96     24,870     11.30
    Miscellaneous entertainment attendants and related workers........................     366,050    12.06     25,090     11.32
     Amusement and recreation attendants..............................................     338,110    11.70     24,330     11.23
     Costume attendants...............................................................       7,460    23.55     48,970     19.91
     Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants..............................      15,990    13.57     28,230     12.07
     Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other..........................       4,500    15.28     31,790     12.72
   Embalmers..........................................................................       3,890    24.09     50,100     22.96
   Funeral attendants.................................................................      34,370    14.34     29,830     13.43
   Morticians, undertakers, and funeral arrangers.....................................      25,440    28.06     58,360     26.04
   Personal appearance workers........................................................     589,960    15.24     31,700     12.71
    Barbers, hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists............................     405,990    15.25     31,710     12.63
     Barbers..........................................................................      20,030    16.92     35,190     14.50
     Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists...................................     385,960    15.16     31,530     12.54
    Miscellaneous personal appearance workers.........................................     183,970    15.22     31,660     12.83
     Makeup artists, theatrical and performance.......................................       3,400    39.23     81,600     36.41
     Manicurists and pedicurists......................................................     111,780    13.17     27,390     12.39
     Shampooers.......................................................................      12,120    11.02     22,910     10.84
     Skincare specialists.............................................................      56,660    18.74     38,970     16.39
   Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges..........................................      81,460    15.06     31,330     13.73
    Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges.........................................      81,460    15.06     31,330     13.73
     Baggage porters and bellhops.....................................................      39,790    13.57     28,230     12.30
     Concierges.......................................................................      41,670    16.48     34,290     15.09
   Tour and travel guides.............................................................      48,710    14.74     30,670     13.27
    Tour and travel guides............................................................      48,710    14.74     30,670     13.27
   Childcare workers..................................................................     561,520    12.27     25,510     11.65
   Recreation and fitness workers.....................................................     684,240    17.71     36,830     14.66
    Exercise trainers and group fitness instructors...................................     325,500    21.69     45,110     19.42
    Recreation workers................................................................     358,750    14.10     29,330     12.67
   Residential advisors...............................................................     107,930    15.20     31,610     14.16
   Crematory operators and personal care and service workers, all other...............      61,510    14.03     29,190     13.04
                                                                                                                                
Sales and related occupations                                                           14,371,410    20.70     43,060     14.24
   Supervisors of sales workers.......................................................   1,420,990    25.43     52,900     21.27
    First-line supervisors of sales workers...........................................   1,420,990    25.43     52,900     21.27
     First-line supervisors of retail sales workers...................................   1,171,900    22.03     45,830     19.40
     First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers...............................     249,090    41.43     86,180     35.94
   Retail sales workers...............................................................   8,603,590    13.27     27,600     11.84
    Cashiers..........................................................................   3,617,910    11.73     24,400     11.38
     Cashiers.........................................................................   3,596,630    11.72     24,370     11.37
     Gambling change persons and booth cashiers.......................................      21,290    13.46     28,010     12.35
    Counter and rental clerks and parts salespersons..................................     667,730    16.16     33,610     14.35
     Counter and rental clerks........................................................     411,560    15.67     32,600     13.86
     Parts salespersons...............................................................     256,170    16.93     35,220     15.24
    Retail salespersons...............................................................   4,317,950    14.12     29,360     12.14
   Sales representatives, services....................................................   2,084,000    34.45     71,660     26.62
    Advertising sales agents..........................................................     129,740    31.09     64,660     25.63
    Insurance sales agents............................................................     410,050    32.59     67,780     24.49
    Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents......................     437,880    44.75     93,090     29.94
    Travel agents.....................................................................      66,670    21.49     44,690     19.55
    Sales representatives of services, except advertising, insurance, financial                                                 
     services, and travel.............................................................   1,039,670    32.10     66,760     26.99
   Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing.................................   1,651,500    36.14     75,180     30.29
    Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing................................   1,651,500    36.14     75,180     30.29
     Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific                                               
      products........................................................................     306,980    44.70     92,980     38.95
     Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and                                                   
      scientific products.............................................................   1,344,530    34.19     71,110     28.81
   Other sales and related workers....................................................     611,330    25.72     53,500     17.89
    Models, demonstrators, and product promoters......................................      80,080    17.00     35,360     14.85
     Demonstrators and product promoters..............................................      77,760    16.98     35,320     14.87
     Models...........................................................................       2,320    17.52     36,430     13.63
    Real estate brokers and sales agents..............................................     205,060    31.78     66,100     24.39
     Real estate brokers..............................................................      42,730    39.16     81,450     28.71
     Real estate sales agents.........................................................     162,330    29.83     62,060     23.53
    Sales engineers...................................................................      63,550    54.22    112,780     49.95
    Telemarketers.....................................................................     134,800    14.31     29,770     12.64
    Miscellaneous sales and related workers...........................................     127,850    19.35     40,240     15.14
     Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers.........       8,930    16.90     35,150     13.19
     Sales and related workers, all other.............................................     118,910    19.53     40,620     15.30
                                                                                                                                
Office and administrative support occupations                                           19,528,250    19.73     41,040     18.07
   Supervisors of office and administrative support workers...........................   1,487,870    28.91     60,130     27.22
    First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers...............   1,487,870    28.91     60,130     27.22
   Communications equipment operators.................................................      76,030    16.29     33,890     14.94
    Switchboard operators, including answering service................................      68,050    15.88     33,030     14.72
    Telephone operators...............................................................       4,740    18.24     37,940     17.19
    Communications equipment operators, all other.....................................       3,240    22.14     46,050     20.57
   Financial clerks...................................................................   2,910,660    19.60     40,770     18.52
    Bill and account collectors.......................................................     235,870    18.90     39,300     17.79
    Billing and posting clerks........................................................     466,450    19.53     40,620     18.63
    Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks......................................   1,512,660    20.65     42,960     19.82
    Gambling cage workers.............................................................      14,330    14.23     29,600     13.48
    Payroll and timekeeping clerks....................................................     142,700    22.79     47,390     22.20
    Procurement clerks................................................................      66,030    21.14     43,980     20.82
    Tellers...........................................................................     442,120    15.22     31,660     15.02
    Financial clerks, all other.......................................................      30,500    21.51     44,740     20.40
   Information and record clerks......................................................   5,780,040    17.59     36,580     16.37
    Brokerage clerks..................................................................      47,990    26.53     55,190     25.36
    Correspondence clerks.............................................................       6,250    19.03     39,570     18.34
    Court, municipal, and license clerks..............................................     154,020    20.21     42,030     18.93
    Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks..........................................      26,700    20.13     41,880     19.28
    Customer service representatives..................................................   2,919,230    17.94     37,320     16.69
    Eligibility interviewers, government programs.....................................     139,780    22.65     47,110     22.40
    File clerks.......................................................................     102,300    16.64     34,610     15.73
    Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks..............................................     267,940    12.47     25,950     11.76
    Interviewers, except eligibility and loan.........................................     188,570    17.49     36,390     16.81
    Library assistants, clerical......................................................      85,910    14.34     29,820     13.22
    Loan interviewers and clerks......................................................     208,530    20.17     41,960     19.54
    New accounts clerks...............................................................      43,420    18.50     38,490     17.57
    Order clerks......................................................................     137,180    17.60     36,600     16.46
    Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping........................     117,340    20.49     42,620     19.92
    Receptionists and information clerks..............................................   1,057,370    15.02     31,250     14.45
    Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks....................     123,660    21.34     44,390     18.45
    Information and record clerks, all other..........................................     153,850    20.39     42,410     19.89
   Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers..............   2,155,080    21.13     43,950     19.39
    Cargo and freight agents..........................................................      95,810    22.48     46,770     21.03
    Couriers and messengers...........................................................      74,720    15.21     31,640     14.28
    Dispatchers.......................................................................     294,680    21.24     44,170     19.61
     Public safety telecommunicators..................................................      95,320    21.31     44,310     20.15
     Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance..................................     199,360    21.20     44,100     19.32
    Meter readers, utilities..........................................................      30,450    22.23     46,250     20.33
    Postal service workers............................................................     523,220    24.88     51,740     25.03
     Postal service clerks............................................................      81,170    24.33     50,610     23.23
     Postal service mail carriers.....................................................     339,650    25.09     52,180     24.67
     Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators........     102,390    24.61     51,190     28.91
    Production, planning, and expediting clerks.......................................     370,380    24.35     50,640     23.20
    Shipping, receiving, and inventory clerks.........................................     704,910    17.32     36,030     16.44
    Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping........................      60,920    17.62     36,650     16.85
   Secretaries and administrative assistants..........................................   3,353,950    20.87     43,410     19.16
    Secretaries and administrative assistants.........................................   3,353,950    20.87     43,410     19.16
     Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants....................     542,690    30.25     62,920     29.27
     Legal secretaries and administrative assistants..................................     168,140    24.47     50,900     22.74
     Medical secretaries and administrative assistants................................     604,780    18.31     38,090     17.59
     Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive..   2,038,340    18.84     39,180     18.12
   Other office and administrative support workers....................................   3,764,620    17.75     36,920     16.67
    Data entry and information processing workers.....................................     207,390    17.52     36,440     16.79
     Data entry keyers................................................................     159,930    16.74     34,820     16.10
     Word processors and typists......................................................      47,460    20.13     41,880     19.39
    Desktop publishers................................................................       8,740    23.43     48,740     21.82
    Insurance claims and policy processing clerks.....................................     257,000    20.81     43,280     19.59
    Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service.....................      83,580    15.68     32,620     14.89
    Office clerks, general............................................................   2,956,060    17.48     36,360     16.37
    Office machine operators, except computer.........................................      45,960    16.90     35,150     16.08
    Proofreaders and copy markers.....................................................       7,730    20.77     43,200     19.54
    Statistical assistants............................................................       9,810    24.83     51,640     23.97
    Office and administrative support workers, all other..............................     188,360    18.41     38,290     17.05
                                                                                                                                
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                                                 484,750    15.07     31,340     13.07
   Supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers..............................      22,560    25.25     52,520     23.21
    First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers..................      22,560    25.25     52,520     23.21
   Agricultural workers...............................................................     415,390    14.00     29,120     12.52
    Agricultural inspectors...........................................................      13,760    22.67     47,160     21.87
    Animal breeders...................................................................       1,610    22.32     46,420     20.64
    Graders and sorters, agricultural products........................................      34,340    13.25     27,570     12.34
    Miscellaneous agricultural workers................................................     365,680    13.71     28,510     12.41
     Agricultural equipment operators.................................................      26,990    16.01     33,300     15.36
     Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse..........................     295,520    13.36     27,780     12.23
     Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals...............................      36,630    14.37     29,880     13.38
     Agricultural workers, all other..................................................       6,540    16.31     33,930     14.23
   Forest, conservation, and logging workers..........................................      44,720    19.78     41,130     18.79
    Forest and conservation workers...................................................       6,760    15.76     32,790     15.27
    Logging workers...................................................................      37,960    20.49     42,620     19.82
     Fallers..........................................................................       4,890    23.88     49,670     21.46
     Logging equipment operators......................................................      26,030    20.22     42,060     19.92
     Log graders and scalers..........................................................       3,300    18.80     39,110     17.92
     Logging workers, all other.......................................................       3,750    19.42     40,390     19.12
                                                                                                                                
Construction and extraction occupations                                                  6,194,140    25.28     52,580     22.80
   Supervisors of construction and extraction workers.................................     626,180    34.35     71,440     31.83
    First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers..............     626,180    34.35     71,440     31.83
   Construction trades workers........................................................   4,617,440    24.68     51,330     22.28
    Boilermakers......................................................................      15,820    31.27     65,040     30.34
    Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons.........................................      73,040    26.46     55,040     24.79
     Brickmasons and blockmasons......................................................      60,650    27.15     56,470     25.53
     Stonemasons......................................................................      12,390    23.11     48,070     20.81
    Carpenters........................................................................     734,170    25.41     52,850     23.24
    Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers..................................      87,700    22.44     46,680     20.22
     Carpet installers................................................................      26,010    21.79     45,320     19.27
     Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles................................      16,290    23.37     48,610     21.27
     Floor sanders and finishers......................................................       4,940    20.34     42,300     19.04
     Tile and stone setters...........................................................      40,470    22.74     47,300     20.70
    Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers...........................     199,090    23.30     48,450     21.57
     Cement masons and concrete finishers.............................................     196,120    23.24     48,330     21.54
     Terrazzo workers and finishers...................................................       2,970    27.09     56,340     25.09
    Construction laborers.............................................................   1,020,350    20.06     41,730     17.72
    Construction equipment operators..................................................     455,050    25.66     53,370     23.16
     Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators...............................      45,770    21.46     44,630     19.29
     Pile driver operators............................................................       3,540    33.76     70,230     30.10
     Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators...................     405,750    26.06     54,210     23.55
    Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers...........................     120,820    25.09     52,190     22.77
     Drywall and ceiling tile installers..............................................     102,850    24.31     50,560     21.97
     Tapers...........................................................................      17,970    29.59     61,550     28.40
    Electricians......................................................................     688,620    29.02     60,370     27.01
    Glaziers..........................................................................      52,400    23.95     49,810     21.46
    Insulation workers................................................................      60,220    23.60     49,090     21.24
     Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall.....................................      33,550    21.68     45,100     19.41
     Insulation workers, mechanical...................................................      26,670    26.02     54,120     23.41
    Painters and paperhangers.........................................................     236,140    21.46     44,630     19.37
     Painters, construction and maintenance...........................................     232,760    21.46     44,640     19.37
     Paperhangers.....................................................................       3,380    21.38     44,470     19.48
    Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters...............................     479,140    28.16     58,570     25.92
     Pipelayers.......................................................................      36,270    20.96     43,600     18.66
     Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters..........................................     442,870    28.75     59,800     26.52
    Plasterers and stucco masons......................................................      27,360    23.90     49,710     21.85
    Reinforcing iron and rebar workers................................................      18,870    26.27     54,650     23.60
    Roofers...........................................................................     129,690    22.03     45,820     20.24
    Sheet metal workers...............................................................     131,300    26.19     54,480     24.23
    Structural iron and steel workers.................................................      76,570    28.45     59,170     26.46
    Solar photovoltaic installers.....................................................      11,080    22.52     46,850     21.58
   Helpers, construction trades.......................................................     242,400    16.49     34,300     15.73
    Helpers, construction trades......................................................     242,400    16.49     34,300     15.73
     Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters......      23,480    18.48     38,440     17.02
     Helpers--carpenters..............................................................      32,920    16.26     33,830     15.89
     Helpers--electricians............................................................      79,260    16.49     34,300     15.78
     Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons...................      10,850    15.83     32,930     15.07
     Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters.....................      58,400    16.23     33,750     15.43
     Helpers--roofers.................................................................       8,960    16.04     33,350     15.44
     Helpers, construction trades, all other..........................................      28,530    16.06     33,400     15.34
   Other construction and related workers.............................................     437,730    24.81     51,600     22.36
    Construction and building inspectors..............................................     110,420    30.96     64,390     29.19
    Elevator and escalator installers and repairers...................................      28,350    40.02     83,250     40.86
    Fence erectors....................................................................      25,900    18.56     38,600     17.21
    Hazardous materials removal workers...............................................      44,240    22.95     47,740     21.11
    Highway maintenance workers.......................................................     150,860    20.39     42,410     19.58
    Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators.............................      16,180    27.48     57,160     26.97
    Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners.....................................      29,750    20.56     42,760     19.17
    Miscellaneous construction and related workers....................................      32,040    21.17     44,030     19.10
   Extraction workers.................................................................     270,390    23.16     48,180     21.61
    Derrick, rotary drill, and service unit operators, oil and gas....................      84,880    25.15     52,320     23.24
     Derrick operators, oil and gas...................................................      12,110    23.09     48,030     22.59
     Rotary drill operators, oil and gas..............................................      21,010    27.44     57,070     26.43
     Service unit operators, oil and gas..............................................      51,760    24.71     51,390     22.47
    Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators, surface mining.............      44,090    23.36     48,580     21.54
    Continuous mining machine operators...............................................      14,630    27.18     56,530     26.58
    Roof bolters, mining..............................................................       3,140    28.63     59,560     28.41
    Loading and moving machine operators, underground mining..........................       4,200    25.83     53,730     26.06
    Rock splitters, quarry............................................................       5,080    17.97     37,390     17.34
    Roustabouts, oil and gas..........................................................      58,930    19.85     41,280     18.71
    Helpers--extraction workers.......................................................      16,700    18.46     38,390     17.85
    Earth drillers, except oil and gas; and explosives workers, ordnance handling                                               
     experts, and blasters............................................................      24,940    23.50     48,890     22.24
    Underground mining machine operators and extraction workers, all other............      13,790    25.13     52,280     24.11
                                                                                                                                
Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations                                        5,713,450    24.10     50,130     22.42
   Supervisors of installation, maintenance, and repair workers.......................     485,700    33.92     70,550     32.44
    First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers....................     485,700    33.92     70,550     32.44
   Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers...........     557,620    26.27     54,630     25.28
    Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers..........................      98,260    20.23     42,070     19.01
    Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers...................     222,850    28.13     58,510     27.75
     Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairers....................      14,370    27.80     57,820     26.62
     Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers....     208,480    28.15     58,560     27.84
    Miscellaneous electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and                                                
     repairers........................................................................     236,500    27.02     56,200     26.14
     Avionics technicians.............................................................      21,750    32.20     66,970     31.59
     Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers................................      15,890    22.41     46,620     21.19
     Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment....       9,790    30.61     63,670     30.06
     Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment........      58,930    29.02     60,360     28.51
     Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay..........      22,650    39.08     81,280     39.80
     Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles....................      10,310    18.71     38,910     17.97
     Audiovisual equipment installers and repairers...................................      25,590    20.25     42,130     18.99
     Security and fire alarm systems installers.......................................      71,600    24.14     50,210     23.54
   Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers..................   1,638,920    22.81     47,440     21.44
    Aircraft mechanics and service technicians........................................     133,310    32.27     67,110     30.81
    Automotive technicians and repairers..............................................     818,920    21.71     45,150     20.26
     Automotive body and related repairers............................................     144,180    22.79     47,390     20.95
     Automotive glass installers and repairers........................................      19,410    18.00     37,440     17.20
     Automotive service technicians and mechanics.....................................     655,330    21.58     44,890     20.24
    Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists.............................     266,330    24.21     50,360     23.32
    Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics..............     210,020    25.55     53,140     24.80
     Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians.................................      36,290    20.97     43,630     20.29
     Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines.................................     147,800    26.36     54,840     25.66
     Rail car repairers...............................................................      25,930    27.31     56,810     27.11
    Small engine mechanics............................................................      70,690    19.26     40,050     18.19
     Motorboat mechanics and service technicians......................................      22,940    20.89     43,440     19.87
     Motorcycle mechanics.............................................................      15,590    19.22     39,970     18.08
     Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics.........................      32,160    18.11     37,670     17.36
    Miscellaneous vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers...     139,640    15.24     31,710     14.19
     Bicycle repairers................................................................      13,190    15.07     31,360     14.58
     Recreational vehicle service technicians.........................................      15,580    20.03     41,660     18.54
     Tire repairers and changers......................................................     110,880    14.59     30,350     13.77
   Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations............................   3,031,220    22.83     47,480     21.20
    Control and valve installers and repairers........................................      75,320    26.43     54,970     24.34
     Mechanical door repairers........................................................      23,050    21.03     43,740     19.99
     Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door...............      52,270    28.81     59,920     27.93
    Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers.............     342,040    24.72     51,420     23.43
    Home appliance repairers..........................................................      31,100    20.38     42,400     19.36
    Industrial machinery installation, repair, and maintenance workers................     508,660    26.27     54,640     25.41
     Industrial machinery mechanics...................................................     387,630    26.60     55,320     25.77
     Maintenance workers, machinery...................................................      72,890    23.77     49,450     22.85
     Millwrights......................................................................      47,320    27.43     57,050     26.71
     Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons...............................         820    26.80     55,750     25.95
    Line installers and repairers.....................................................     232,560    31.52     65,570     31.59
     Electrical power-line installers and repairers...................................     111,660    34.60     71,960     34.86
     Telecommunications line installers and repairers.................................     120,900    28.69     59,670     27.29
    Precision instrument and equipment repairers......................................      71,360    24.85     51,700     23.29
     Camera and photographic equipment repairers......................................       3,620    19.58     40,720     18.69
     Medical equipment repairers......................................................      46,370    25.54     53,130     23.69
     Musical instrument repairers and tuners..........................................       8,020    19.11     39,750     17.62
     Watch and clock repairers........................................................       2,780    21.77     45,280     20.44
     Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other..........................      10,570    28.82     59,940     28.23
    Maintenance and repair workers, general...........................................   1,418,990    20.17     41,960     18.79
    Wind turbine service technicians..................................................       5,960    27.26     56,700     25.44
    Miscellaneous installation, maintenance, and repair workers.......................     345,230    19.86     41,310     17.91
     Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers.....................      31,370    17.97     37,380     17.03
     Commercial divers................................................................       3,420    32.26     67,100     24.03
     Locksmiths and safe repairers....................................................      17,010    21.38     44,460     20.16
     Manufactured building and mobile home installers.................................       2,810    16.49     34,300     16.29
     Riggers..........................................................................      23,000    25.20     52,420     24.45
     Signal and track switch repairers................................................       6,860    34.95     72,690     35.52
     Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers...........................      99,460    15.66     32,570     14.68
     Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other.........................     161,290    21.06     43,800     19.15
                                                                                                                                
Production occupations                                                                   9,158,980    19.30     40,140     17.31
   Supervisors of production workers..................................................     631,100    31.35     65,220     29.48
    First-line supervisors of production and operating workers........................     631,100    31.35     65,220     29.48
   Assemblers and fabricators.........................................................   1,856,870    17.46     36,310     16.21
    Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers.....................      42,940    27.15     56,460     26.06
    Electrical, electronics, and electromechanical assemblers.........................     297,880    17.79     37,010     16.77
     Coil winders, tapers, and finishers..............................................      12,690    18.63     38,760     17.56
     Electrical, electronic, and electromechanical assemblers, except coil winders,                                             
      tapers, and finishers...........................................................     285,190    17.75     36,930     16.74
    Engine and other machine assemblers...............................................      45,980    22.39     46,570     21.95
    Structural metal fabricators and fitters..........................................      76,890    20.67     43,000     19.42
    Fiberglass laminators and fabricators.............................................      20,010    17.78     36,970     17.06
    Timing device assemblers and adjusters............................................       1,260    18.32     38,110     16.87
    Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators..........................................   1,371,920    16.73     34,800     15.55
   Food processing workers............................................................     802,290    14.94     31,080     14.09
    Bakers............................................................................     184,990    14.25     29,630     13.32
    Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers.....................     364,150    14.87     30,920     14.19
     Butchers and meat cutters........................................................     136,770    16.35     34,010     15.62
     Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers.....................................     153,990    13.85     28,810     13.51
     Slaughterers and meat packers....................................................      73,390    14.23     29,600     14.05
    Miscellaneous food processing workers.............................................     253,140    15.56     32,360     14.52
     Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders......      20,830    16.29     33,880     15.19
     Food batchmakers.................................................................     159,390    15.92     33,120     14.80
     Food cooking machine operators and tenders.......................................      30,030    15.54     32,320     14.96
     Food processing workers, all other...............................................      42,890    13.85     28,820     13.24
   Metal workers and plastic workers..................................................   1,825,170    20.22     42,050     18.96
    Forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic................     125,730    18.89     39,290     18.12
     Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.      76,940    18.16     37,770     17.46
     Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............      16,320    19.81     41,200     19.07
     Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............      32,470    20.15     41,920     19.47
    Machine tool cutting setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...........     329,530    18.48     38,440     17.54
     Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and                                            
      plastic.........................................................................     195,040    17.94     37,310     17.12
     Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and                                                
      plastic.........................................................................      10,870    20.49     42,630     18.71
     Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators,                                                 
      and tenders, metal and plastic..................................................      76,810    18.20     37,860     17.36
     Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and                                                  
      plastic.........................................................................      28,070    20.19     41,990     19.28
     Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...      18,730    21.55     44,820     20.77
    Machinists........................................................................     383,470    22.17     46,120     21.36
    Metal furnace operators, tenders, pourers, and casters............................      25,160    20.43     42,500     19.66
     Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders.....................................      17,150    20.81     43,280     20.31
     Pourers and casters, metal.......................................................       8,010    19.64     40,850     18.57
    Model makers and patternmakers, metal and plastic.................................       7,310    25.75     53,560     25.09
     Model makers, metal and plastic..................................................       4,300    27.61     57,420     27.41
     Patternmakers, metal and plastic.................................................       3,010    23.10     48,050     22.55
    Molders and molding machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic....     190,110    16.77     34,870     15.61
     Foundry mold and coremakers......................................................      17,590    17.75     36,920     17.11
     Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal                                            
      and plastic.....................................................................     172,520    16.67     34,670     15.45
    Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic..........     146,950    18.47     38,410     17.47
    Tool and die makers...............................................................      70,770    26.43     54,980     25.92
    Welding, soldering, and brazing workers...........................................     445,850    21.54     44,800     20.24
     Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers.........................................     410,750    21.73     45,190     20.43
     Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders..........      35,110    19.35     40,240     18.42
    Miscellaneous metal workers and plastic workers...................................     100,300    18.49     38,470     17.33
     Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.......      19,560    19.16     39,840     18.39
     Layout workers, metal and plastic................................................       8,150    23.51     48,900     24.01
     Plating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............      41,810    17.14     35,640     16.10
     Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners............................................       6,440    20.18     41,970     18.91
     Metal workers and plastic workers, all other.....................................      24,340    18.17     37,790     16.75
   Printing workers...................................................................     249,300    18.65     38,790     17.60
    Printing workers..................................................................     249,300    18.65     38,790     17.60
     Prepress technicians and workers.................................................      30,270    20.45     42,540     19.48
     Printing press operators.........................................................     173,430    18.80     39,100     17.74
     Print binding and finishing workers..............................................      45,600    16.89     35,130     15.89
   Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers..........................................     569,260    13.78     28,660     12.68
    Laundry and dry-cleaning workers..................................................     209,330    12.22     25,420     11.64
    Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials.................................      38,070    11.93     24,820     11.63
    Sewing machine operators..........................................................     133,410    13.46     28,000     12.70
    Shoe and leather workers..........................................................      13,780    14.70     30,570     14.34
     Shoe and leather workers and repairers...........................................       8,760    14.70     30,580     14.21
     Shoe machine operators and tenders...............................................       5,020    14.68     30,540     14.70
    Tailors, dressmakers, and sewers..................................................      28,880    16.32     33,950     15.02
     Sewers, hand.....................................................................       4,770    14.92     31,020     14.40
     Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers..........................................      24,110    16.60     34,530     15.15
    Textile machine setters, operators, and tenders...................................      74,220    14.77     30,720     14.25
     Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders.......................       8,690    14.81     30,810     14.16
     Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders..........................      13,210    14.26     29,660     13.81
     Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders.............      21,130    15.05     31,300     14.41
     Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and                                                 
      tenders.........................................................................      31,190    14.78     30,740     14.32
    Miscellaneous textile, apparel, and furnishings workers...........................      71,570    17.67     36,750     16.26
     Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and                                               
      glass fibers....................................................................      18,230    18.16     37,760     17.36
     Fabric and apparel patternmakers.................................................       5,870    25.35     52,740     21.67
     Upholsterers.....................................................................      29,420    17.62     36,640     16.89
     Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other.............................      18,060    14.76     30,710     13.45
   Woodworkers........................................................................     253,080    16.66     34,660     15.75
    Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters................................................      99,400    18.09     37,620     17.21
    Furniture finishers...............................................................      16,220    16.51     34,350     15.62
    Model makers and patternmakers, wood..............................................       1,190    28.49     59,270     29.39
     Model makers, wood...............................................................         810    27.56     57,320     28.49
     Patternmakers, wood..............................................................         370    30.53     63,490     31.19
    Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders...............................     129,580    15.47     32,170     14.79
     Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood.............................      50,730    15.46     32,150     14.62
     Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing...............      78,850    15.47     32,180     14.90
    Woodworkers, all other............................................................       6,700    16.96     35,270     15.92
   Plant and system operators.........................................................     302,270    30.40     63,230     29.01
    Power plant operators, distributors, and dispatchers..............................      49,440    40.22     83,660     41.32
     Nuclear power reactor operators..................................................       5,050    48.55    100,990     48.33
     Power distributors and dispatchers...............................................      10,770    42.74     88,910     43.61
     Power plant operators............................................................      33,620    38.16     79,370     39.42
    Stationary engineers and boiler operators.........................................      32,520    31.71     65,970     29.88
    Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators.........................     123,730    24.28     50,490     22.96
    Miscellaneous plant and system operators..........................................      96,580    32.77     68,170     32.64
     Chemical plant and system operators..............................................      28,840    30.15     62,710     30.07
     Gas plant operators..............................................................      14,410    34.16     71,050     34.00
     Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers.................      40,370    35.49     73,830     35.66
     Plant and system operators, all other............................................      12,950    28.61     59,500     28.07
   Other production occupations.......................................................   2,669,650    18.64     38,770     17.11
    Chemical processing machine setters, operators, and tenders.......................     138,290    23.68     49,250     22.22
     Chemical equipment operators and tenders.........................................      87,120    24.78     51,540     23.62
     Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters,                                               
      operators, and tenders..........................................................      51,160    21.81     45,370     19.87
    Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, and blending workers.......................     187,870    18.63     38,740     17.62
     Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders........      33,360    18.88     39,270     18.06
     Grinding and polishing workers, hand.............................................      29,170    15.90     33,060     14.71
     Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders......................     125,340    19.19     39,920     18.17
    Cutting workers...................................................................      67,620    17.37     36,120     16.74
     Cutters and trimmers, hand.......................................................       9,670    15.55     32,340     14.52
     Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders......................      57,960    17.67     36,750     17.11
    Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and                                                
     tenders..........................................................................      71,850    17.90     37,240     17.06
    Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders......................      18,970    19.88     41,350     19.27
    Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers..............................     576,950    20.67     43,000     18.82
    Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers.....................................      23,590    22.09     45,950     19.65
    Dental and ophthalmic laboratory technicians and medical appliance technicians....      77,730    19.58     40,730     17.96
     Dental laboratory technicians....................................................      34,460    21.31     44,330     19.87
     Medical appliance technicians....................................................      14,130    21.25     44,200     19.56
     Ophthalmic laboratory technicians................................................      29,150    16.73     34,800     15.68
    Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders...............................     390,540    16.15     33,590     14.90
    Painting workers..................................................................     158,780    19.63     40,820     18.16
     Painting, coating, and decorating workers........................................      12,430    17.11     35,600     15.84
     Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders..........     146,350    19.84     41,260     18.34
    Semiconductor processing technicians..............................................      27,680    20.17     41,950     18.30
    Photographic process workers and processing machine operators.....................      11,940    17.74     36,890     15.52
    Computer numerically controlled tool operators and programmers....................     177,270    21.90     45,560     20.68
     Computer numerically controlled tool operators...................................     151,700    20.75     43,170     19.81
     Computer numerically controlled tool programmers.................................      25,570    28.72     59,730     27.14
    Miscellaneous production workers..................................................     740,570    16.34     33,980     14.94
     Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders...................................      13,890    17.31     36,010     16.51
     Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders............      16,410    16.46     34,230     15.31
     Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders.............................       8,740    17.80     37,010     16.97
     Etchers and engravers............................................................      10,310    16.24     33,770     14.72
     Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic..........................      44,890    17.31     36,000     16.36
     Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders..............................     100,290    19.70     40,980     18.85
     Tire builders....................................................................      20,790    21.64     45,010     22.12
     Helpers--production workers......................................................     303,030    14.68     30,540     13.99
     Production workers, all other....................................................     222,230    16.26     33,830     14.33
                                                                                                                                
Transportation and material moving occupations                                          12,532,030    18.23     37,920     15.60
   Supervisors of transportation and material moving workers..........................     464,890    27.81     57,850     26.46
    First-line supervisors of transportation and material moving workers..............     464,890    27.81     57,850     26.46
     Aircraft cargo handling supervisors..............................................       9,500    27.87     57,960     25.89
     First-line supervisors of transportation and material moving workers, except                                               
      aircraft cargo handling supervisors.............................................     455,390    27.81     57,840     26.47
   Air transportation workers.........................................................     275,960     (≤)     104,130      (≤)
    Aircraft pilots and flight engineers..............................................     122,350     (≤)     152,610      (≤)
     Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers...................................      84,520     (≤)     174,870      (≤)
     Commercial pilots................................................................      37,830     (≤)     102,870      (≤)
    Air traffic controllers and airfield operations specialists.......................      32,780    47.96     99,760     44.80
     Air traffic controllers..........................................................      22,090    57.76    120,140     59.13
     Airfield operations specialists..................................................      10,680    27.70     57,620     25.31
    Flight attendants.................................................................     120,840     (≤)      56,230      (≤)
   Motor vehicle operators............................................................   4,174,700    19.57     40,710     18.53
    Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians............      14,740    14.23     29,600     12.45
    Driver/sales workers and truck drivers............................................   3,223,840    20.27     42,170     19.38
     Driver/sales workers.............................................................     444,660    14.53     30,230     12.43
     Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers..........................................   1,856,130    22.52     46,850     21.76
     Light truck drivers..............................................................     923,050    18.52     38,520     16.70
    Passenger vehicle drivers.........................................................     879,540    17.21     35,790     16.01
     Bus drivers, transit and intercity...............................................     179,510    22.03     45,830     20.69
     Passenger vehicle drivers, except bus drivers, transit and intercity.............     700,030    15.97     33,210     15.07
    Motor vehicle operators, all other................................................      56,590    17.93     37,300     15.82
   Rail transportation workers........................................................     111,090    32.33     67,240     31.20
    Locomotive engineers and operators................................................      40,920    33.21     69,080     31.27
     Locomotive engineers.............................................................      35,520    34.41     71,570     32.26
     Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers..............................       5,400    25.33     52,690     23.72
    Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators and locomotive firers................      11,080    29.99     62,380     28.97
    Railroad conductors and yardmasters...............................................      45,710    32.86     68,350     31.73
    Subway and streetcar operators....................................................      10,730    30.66     63,770     32.63
    Rail transportation workers, all other............................................       2,650    26.04     54,170     24.81
   Water transportation workers.......................................................      75,180    34.25     71,240     27.56
    Sailors and marine oilers.........................................................      31,290    25.60     53,250     20.90
    Ship and boat captains and operators..............................................      35,480    40.93     85,130     33.60
     Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels.....................................      33,370    42.03     87,420     34.78
     Motorboat operators..............................................................       2,120    23.57     49,030     23.20
    Ship engineers....................................................................       8,410    38.24     79,540     35.87
   Other transportation workers.......................................................     368,840    15.98     33,240     12.87
    Bridge and lock tenders...........................................................       3,150    23.02     47,880     24.09
    Parking attendants................................................................     147,390    12.72     26,450     12.09
    Automotive and watercraft service attendants......................................     117,670    12.91     26,860     12.11
    Traffic technicians...............................................................       7,470    25.28     52,590     22.83
    Transportation inspectors.........................................................      30,020    37.27     77,530     36.45
    Passenger attendants..............................................................      28,200    14.15     29,420     12.78
    Aircraft service attendants and transportation workers, all other.................      34,940    20.65     42,940     17.79
   Material moving workers............................................................   7,061,370    15.28     31,790     13.97
    Conveyor operators and tenders....................................................      24,050    17.38     36,150     16.66
    Crane and tower operators.........................................................      45,480    29.10     60,530     27.26
    Dredge operators..................................................................       1,550    24.68     51,340     22.62
    Hoist and winch operators.........................................................       4,800    30.14     62,690     28.71
    Industrial truck and tractor operators............................................     629,270    18.24     37,930     17.40
    Laborers and material movers......................................................   6,168,600    14.70     30,570     13.53
     Cleaners of vehicles and equipment...............................................     382,670    13.43     27,940     12.40
     Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand...........................   2,953,170    15.45     32,130     14.19
     Machine feeders and offbearers...................................................      63,280    15.87     33,010     14.99
     Packers and packagers, hand......................................................     633,640    13.31     27,680     12.46
     Stockers and order fillers.......................................................   2,135,850    14.26     29,660     13.16
    Pumping station operators.........................................................      26,420    25.87     53,820     25.11
     Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators.................................       3,440    30.15     62,710     31.81
     Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers..........................................      10,000    23.61     49,120     21.65
     Wellhead pumpers.................................................................      12,970    26.48     55,080     26.46
    Refuse and recyclable material collectors.........................................     121,330    19.90     41,400     18.19
    Tank car, truck, and ship loaders.................................................      11,620    22.88     47,580     20.36
    Material moving workers, all other................................................      28,240    17.56     36,530     15.28
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
   (1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080
hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from
the reported survey data.
   (2) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual
salaries depending on how they are typically paid.
   (3) Represents a wage equal to or greater than $100.00 per hour.




Last Modified Date: March 31, 2020