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Table 1. National employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey by occupation, May 2018

Table 1.  National employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey by occupation, May 2018
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                          Median
                                     Occupation                                         Employment        Mean wages      hourly
                                                                                                     Hourly    Annual(1)   wages
                                                                                                                                
All occupations                                                                        144,733,270   $24.98    $51,960    $18.58
                                                                                                                                
Management occupations                                                                   7,616,650    58.44    121,560     50.11
   Top executives.....................................................................   2,535,640    61.66    128,240     49.73
    Chief executives..................................................................     195,530    96.22    200,140     91.15
    General and operations managers...................................................   2,289,770    59.56    123,880     48.52
    Legislators.......................................................................      50,330     ()      47,620      ()
   Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers...........     717,220    68.03    141,500     60.70
    Advertising and promotions managers...............................................      25,260    63.99    133,090     56.31
    Marketing and sales managers......................................................     619,500    68.75    143,000     61.59
     Marketing managers...............................................................     240,440    70.79    147,240     64.56
     Sales managers...................................................................     379,050    67.46    140,320     59.72
    Public relations and fundraising managers.........................................      72,460    63.26    131,570     55.19
   Operations specialties managers....................................................   1,853,660    63.79    132,680     57.01
    Administrative services managers..................................................     283,570    50.99    106,050     46.24
    Computer and information systems managers.........................................     391,430    73.49    152,860     68.53
    Financial managers................................................................     608,120    70.59    146,830     61.53
    Industrial production managers....................................................     181,310    54.51    113,370     49.70
    Purchasing managers...............................................................      69,490    60.40    125,630     57.18
    Transportation, storage, and distribution managers................................     124,810    49.45    102,850     45.54
    Compensation and benefits managers................................................      15,660    63.87    132,860     58.18
    Human resources managers..........................................................     143,580    60.91    126,700     54.47
    Training and development managers.................................................      35,690    58.53    121,730     53.53
   Other management occupations.......................................................   2,510,140    48.51    100,900     43.33
    Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers................................       4,770    38.43     79,940     32.67
    Construction managers.............................................................     278,460    49.57    103,110     44.89
    Education administrators..........................................................     498,200    46.65     97,030     43.30
     Education administrators, preschool and childcare center/program.................      50,650    25.96     53,990     23.05
     Education administrators, elementary and secondary school........................     263,120     ()      98,750      ()	
     Education administrators, postsecondary..........................................     143,430    53.47    111,210     45.36
     Education administrators, all other..............................................      41,000    43.06     89,570     39.83
    Architectural and engineering managers............................................     188,290    71.62    148,970     67.67
    Food service managers.............................................................     219,160    28.35     58,960     26.08
    Funeral service managers..........................................................       8,400    45.11     93,820     38.07
    Gaming managers...................................................................       4,300    40.99     85,260     35.91
    Lodging managers..................................................................      37,050    29.94     62,270     25.67
    Medical and health services managers..............................................     372,670    54.68    113,730     47.95
    Natural sciences managers.........................................................      60,260    67.16    139,680     59.55
    Postmasters and mail superintendents..............................................      13,770    37.04     77,040     36.52
    Property, real estate, and community association managers.........................     202,550    34.49     71,730     28.05
    Social and community service managers.............................................     149,870    34.46     71,670     31.41
    Emergency management directors....................................................       9,550    39.70     82,570     35.78
    Managers, all other...............................................................     462,840    55.57    115,590     51.67
                                                                                                                                
Business and financial operations occupations                                            7,721,300    36.98     76,910     32.86
   Business operations specialists....................................................   5,022,640    35.52     73,890     32.27
    Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes.................      14,830    43.72     90,930     31.75
    Buyers and purchasing agents......................................................     407,410    32.47     67,530     30.17
    Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators........................     302,930    32.42     67,440     31.57
     Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators...................................     287,730    32.47     67,540     31.68
     Insurance appraisers, auto damage................................................      15,200    31.50     65,510     30.06
    Compliance officers...............................................................     300,900    34.86     72,520     33.10
    Cost estimators...................................................................     211,600    33.52     69,710     30.79
    Human resources workers...........................................................     671,140    32.32     67,240     29.52
     Human resources specialists......................................................     593,790    32.11     66,790     29.27
     Farm labor contractors...........................................................         200    25.45     52,930     22.19
     Labor relations specialists......................................................      77,140    34.01     70,730     32.59
    Logisticians......................................................................     169,820    37.85     78,730     35.86
    Management analysts...............................................................     684,470    45.38     94,390     40.20
    Meeting, convention, and event planners...........................................     110,120    25.83     53,730     23.74
    Fundraisers.......................................................................      75,700    29.62     61,610     27.38
    Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists..............................      83,550    32.65     67,910     30.29
    Training and development specialists..............................................     291,380    31.31     65,120     29.26
    Market research analysts and marketing specialists................................     638,200    34.11     70,960     30.35
    Business operations specialists, all other........................................   1,060,580    37.00     76,960     33.91
   Financial specialists..............................................................   2,698,660    39.69     82,550     34.02
    Accountants and auditors..........................................................   1,259,930    37.89     78,820     33.89
    Appraisers and assessors of real estate...........................................      57,900    29.75     61,870     26.43
    Budget analysts...................................................................      52,810    38.38     79,830     36.65
    Credit analysts...................................................................      74,820    39.57     82,300     34.38
    Financial analysts and advisors...................................................     602,500    50.03    104,050     39.84
     Financial analysts...............................................................     306,200    48.55    100,990     41.18
     Personal financial advisors......................................................     200,260    58.54    121,770     42.73
     Insurance underwriters...........................................................      96,040    36.96     76,880     33.36
    Financial examiners...............................................................      58,590    43.42     90,310     38.55
    Credit counselors and loan officers...............................................     340,690    35.33     73,490     29.11
     Credit counselors................................................................      35,740    23.95     49,820     21.72
     Loan officers....................................................................     304,950    36.67     76,270     30.31
    Tax examiners, collectors and preparers, and revenue agents.......................     122,640    25.45     52,930     22.92
     Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents.................................      54,550    29.09     60,500     26.17
     Tax preparers....................................................................      68,090    22.53     46,860     18.94
    Financial specialists, all other..................................................     128,760    37.30     77,580     33.79
                                                                                                                                
Computer and mathematical occupations                                                    4,384,300    44.01     91,530     41.51
   Computer occupations...............................................................   4,214,820    43.98     91,480     41.50
    Computer and information research scientists......................................      30,070    59.54    123,850     56.91
    Computer and information analysts.................................................     696,030    45.67     94,990     43.31
     Computer systems analysts........................................................     587,970    45.01     93,610     42.66
     Information security analysts....................................................     108,060    49.26    102,470     47.28
    Software developers and programmers...............................................   1,666,270    50.23    104,480     48.04
     Computer programmers.............................................................     230,470    43.07     89,580     40.52
     Software developers, applications................................................     903,160    51.96    108,080     49.82
     Software developers, systems software............................................     405,330    54.81    114,000     52.89
     Web developers...................................................................     127,300    36.34     75,580     33.38
    Database and systems administrators and network architects........................     629,020    45.09     93,780     42.79
     Database administrators..........................................................     110,090    44.25     92,030     43.31
     Network and computer systems administrators......................................     366,250    41.86     87,070     39.45
     Computer network architects......................................................     152,670    53.43    111,130     52.41
    Computer support specialists......................................................     812,060    27.86     57,950     25.70
     Computer user support specialists................................................     630,700    26.46     55,050     24.51
     Computer network support specialists.............................................     181,360    32.72     68,050     30.18
    Computer occupations, all other...................................................     381,380    44.88     93,350     43.40
   Mathematical science occupations...................................................     169,480    44.63     92,830     41.68
    Actuaries.........................................................................      20,760    55.89    116,250     49.46
    Mathematicians....................................................................       2,580    50.42    104,870     48.99
    Operations research analysts......................................................     104,200    42.48     88,350     40.09
    Statisticians.....................................................................      39,920    44.52     92,600     42.20
    Miscellaneous mathematical science occupations....................................       2,010    34.80     72,390     27.50
                                                                                                                                
Architecture and engineering occupations                                                 2,556,220    42.01     87,370     38.55
   Architects, surveyors, and cartographers...........................................     179,380    38.61     80,300     35.20
    Architects, except naval..........................................................     123,020    41.58     86,480     37.37
     Architects, except landscape and naval...........................................     104,360    42.72     88,860     38.16
     Landscape architects.............................................................      18,660    35.17     73,160     32.80
    Surveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetrists...................................      56,360    32.12     66,810     30.27
     Cartographers and photogrammetrists..............................................      11,050    32.86     68,340     30.98
     Surveyors........................................................................      45,310    31.94     66,440     30.09
   Engineers..........................................................................   1,700,880    47.71     99,230     44.75
    Aerospace engineers...............................................................      63,960    56.30    117,100     55.39
    Agricultural engineers............................................................       1,630    38.03     79,090     37.07
    Biomedical engineers..............................................................      18,970    45.72     95,090     42.57
    Chemical engineers................................................................      32,060    55.03    114,470     50.44
    Civil engineers...................................................................     306,030    45.06     93,720     41.65
    Computer hardware engineers.......................................................      60,750    56.66    117,840     55.10
    Electrical and electronics engineers..............................................     320,610    50.12    104,250     47.63
     Electrical engineers.............................................................     186,490    48.85    101,600     46.46
     Electronics engineers, except computer...........................................     134,110    51.89    107,930     49.37
    Environmental engineers...........................................................      53,070    44.54     92,640     42.13
    Industrial engineers, including health and safety.................................     305,780    44.14     91,800     41.92
     Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors.......      26,230    45.01     93,630     42.85
     Industrial engineers.............................................................     279,550    44.05     91,630     41.84
    Marine engineers and naval architects.............................................      11,350    47.58     98,970     44.50
    Materials engineers...............................................................      26,930    46.60     96,930     44.42
    Mechanical engineers..............................................................     303,440    44.62     92,800     42.00
    Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers................       5,780    47.32     98,420     44.35
    Nuclear engineers.................................................................      15,980    53.26    110,790     51.73
    Petroleum engineers...............................................................      32,510    75.18    156,370     65.95
    Engineers, all other..............................................................     142,030    47.80     99,410     46.62
   Drafters, engineering technicians, and mapping technicians.........................     675,960    28.56     59,410     27.32
    Drafters..........................................................................     193,260    27.97     58,180     26.71
     Architectural and civil drafters.................................................      97,610    27.26     56,700     26.40
     Electrical and electronics drafters..............................................      24,900    30.96     64,400     28.88
     Mechanical drafters..............................................................      56,170    28.37     59,010     26.89
     Drafters, all other..............................................................      14,580    26.08     54,240     24.93
    Engineering technicians, except drafters..........................................     430,400    29.51     61,380     28.37
     Aerospace engineering and operations technicians.................................      10,110    33.16     68,970     32.22
     Civil engineering technicians....................................................      71,150    26.29     54,670     25.28
     Electrical and electronics engineering technicians...............................     126,950    31.27     65,050     30.93
     Electro-mechanical technicians...................................................      13,520    28.96     60,240     27.78
     Environmental engineering technicians............................................      17,310    26.34     54,800     24.31
     Industrial engineering technicians...............................................      66,540    28.30     58,860     26.66
     Mechanical engineering technicians...............................................      41,460    28.00     58,240     27.04
     Engineering technicians, except drafters, all other..............................      83,360    31.60     65,720     30.38
    Surveying and mapping technicians.................................................      52,300    22.93     47,690     21.34
                                                                                                                                
Life, physical, and social science occupations                                           1,171,910    36.62     76,160     31.77
   Life scientists....................................................................     304,750    41.56     86,450     36.47
    Agricultural and food scientists..................................................      30,880    34.24     71,230     30.78
     Animal scientists................................................................       2,530    32.54     67,690     28.07
     Food scientists and technologists................................................      13,330    34.89     72,570     31.39
     Soil and plant scientists........................................................      15,010    33.96     70,630     30.74
    Biological scientists.............................................................     109,040    41.54     86,390     37.29
     Biochemists and biophysicists....................................................      28,500    50.93    105,940     44.85
     Microbiologists..................................................................      20,030    39.02     81,150     34.45
     Zoologists and wildlife biologists...............................................      17,860    32.58     67,760     30.49
     Biological scientists, all other.................................................      42,640    40.19     83,600     38.27
    Conservation scientists and foresters.............................................      30,600    31.12     64,720     29.49
     Conservation scientists..........................................................      22,200    31.40     65,320     29.48
     Foresters........................................................................       8,410    30.36     63,150     29.53
    Medical scientists................................................................     127,380    45.80     95,270     40.16
     Epidemiologists..................................................................       7,060    36.39     75,690     33.49
     Medical scientists, except epidemiologists.......................................     120,320    46.36     96,420     40.77
    Life scientists, all other........................................................       6,850    42.86     89,150     37.59
   Physical scientists................................................................     254,790    43.49     90,470     38.89
    Astronomers and physicists........................................................      19,770    59.48    123,730     57.49
     Astronomers......................................................................       2,160    53.41    111,090     50.81
     Physicists.......................................................................      17,620    60.23    125,280     58.15
    Atmospheric and space scientists..................................................       9,310    45.95     95,580     45.25
    Chemists and materials scientists.................................................      92,300    41.06     85,400     37.66
     Chemists.........................................................................      84,560    40.31     83,850     36.97
     Materials scientists.............................................................       7,730    49.25    102,450     47.98
    Environmental scientists and geoscientists........................................     116,020    41.10     85,480     36.34
     Environmental scientists and specialists, including health.......................      80,480    37.30     77,580     34.20
     Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers...............................      29,260    51.83    107,800     43.81
     Hydrologists.....................................................................       6,290    39.81     82,790     38.16
    Physical scientists, all other....................................................      17,380    52.93    110,090     51.55
   Social scientists and related workers..............................................     247,290    41.30     85,900     37.81
    Economists........................................................................      18,650    55.78    116,020     50.16
    Survey researchers................................................................      11,690    30.40     63,240     27.74
    Psychologists.....................................................................     124,750    41.63     86,600     37.99
     Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists...................................     110,490    41.03     85,340     37.01
     Industrial-organizational psychologists..........................................         780    52.42    109,030     46.76
     Psychologists, all other.........................................................      13,480    45.97     95,610     48.45
    Sociologists......................................................................       2,710    43.41     90,290     39.45
    Urban and regional planners.......................................................      37,840    36.65     76,240     35.12
    Miscellaneous social scientists and related workers...............................      51,640    41.02     85,320     38.68
     Anthropologists and archeologists................................................       6,020    31.40     65,310     30.01
     Geographers......................................................................       1,390    38.72     80,530     38.60
     Historians.......................................................................       3,040    31.91     66,380     29.40
     Political scientists.............................................................       5,660    55.43    115,300     56.52
     Social scientists and related workers, all other.................................      35,530    41.22     85,750     39.11
   Life, physical, and social science technicians.....................................     365,080    24.52     50,990     22.47
    Agricultural and food science technicians.........................................      21,290    21.24     44,170     19.65
    Biological technicians............................................................      77,450    23.10     48,060     21.39
    Chemical technicians..............................................................      65,500    24.84     51,670     23.15
    Geological and petroleum technicians..............................................      15,060    30.23     62,890     25.62
    Nuclear technicians...............................................................       7,230    38.45     79,970     38.05
    Social science research assistants................................................      34,550    24.24     50,420     22.42
    Miscellaneous life, physical, and social science technicians......................     144,010    24.38     50,720     22.54
     Environmental science and protection technicians, including health...............      32,600    24.21     50,350     22.20
     Forensic science technicians.....................................................      15,970    30.05     62,490     27.99
     Forest and conservation technicians..............................................      30,220    19.28     40,110     17.88
     Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other........................      65,220    25.45     52,940     23.88
                                                                                                                                
Community and social service occupations                                                 2,171,820    23.69     49,280     21.62
   Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists.....   2,090,700    23.69     49,270     21.62
    Counselors........................................................................     735,100    24.96     51,920     22.98
     Educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors.........................     285,460    28.93     60,160     27.07
     Marriage and family therapists...................................................      48,520    26.03     54,150     24.08
     Rehabilitation counselors........................................................     106,860    19.20     39,930     17.13
     Substance abuse, behavioral disorder, and mental health counselors...............     267,730    23.04     47,920     21.46
     Counselors, all other............................................................      26,530    22.95     47,740     20.26
    Social workers....................................................................     662,550    25.51     53,060     23.79
     Child, family, and school social workers.........................................     320,170    23.92     49,760     22.24
     Healthcare social workers........................................................     168,190    28.11     58,470     27.02
     Mental health and substance abuse social workers.................................     116,750    23.86     49,630     21.56
     Social workers, all other........................................................      57,440    30.12     62,660     30.35
    Miscellaneous community and social service specialists............................     693,040    20.59     42,820     18.35
     Health educators.................................................................      58,780    28.68     59,660     26.07
     Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists........................      87,660    28.27     58,790     25.49
     Social and human service assistants..............................................     392,300    17.22     35,830     16.22
     Community health workers.........................................................      56,130    20.90     43,480     19.01
     Community and social service specialists, all other..............................      98,170    22.14     46,050     20.49
   Religious workers..................................................................      81,120    23.94     49,790     21.62
    Clergy............................................................................      50,960    25.62     53,290     23.55
    Directors, religious activities and education.....................................      21,700    22.59     46,980     19.62
    Religious workers, all other......................................................       8,460    17.24     35,860     14.33
                                                                                                                                
Legal occupations                                                                        1,127,900    52.25    108,690     38.85
   Lawyers, judges, and related workers...............................................     708,140    67.23    139,850     56.68
    Lawyers and judicial law clerks...................................................     659,090    68.33    142,130     57.00
     Lawyers..........................................................................     642,750    69.34    144,230     58.13
     Judicial law clerks..............................................................      16,350    28.63     59,540     25.74
    Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers...................................      49,040    52.49    109,170     52.05
     Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers....................      14,280    48.66    101,210     48.00
     Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators.........................................       6,240    34.98     72,760     29.94
     Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates.......................................      28,520    58.23    121,130     64.39
   Legal support workers..............................................................     419,770    26.98     56,130     24.72
    Paralegals and legal assistants...................................................     309,940    26.20     54,500     24.49
    Miscellaneous legal support workers...............................................     109,820    29.19     60,710     25.40
     Court reporters..................................................................      14,490    30.00     62,390     27.48
     Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers......................................      52,180    24.70     51,380     22.66
     Legal support workers, all other.................................................      43,150    34.34     71,420     28.33
                                                                                                                                
Education, training, and library occupations                                             8,779,780    27.22     56,620     23.89
   Postsecondary teachers.............................................................   1,517,100     ()      85,190      () 
    Business teachers, postsecondary..................................................      84,230     ()     103,330      () 
    Math and computer teachers, postsecondary.........................................      83,690     ()      90,650      () 
     Computer science teachers, postsecondary.........................................      32,430     ()      96,200      () 
     Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary.....................................      51,250     ()      87,140      ()
    Engineering and architecture teachers, postsecondary..............................      44,420     ()     111,450      () 
     Architecture teachers, postsecondary.............................................       6,880     ()      99,320      () 
     Engineering teachers, postsecondary..............................................      37,530     ()     113,680      () 
    Life sciences teachers, postsecondary.............................................      64,660     ()      96,110      () 
     Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary....................................      10,810     ()      90,890      () 
     Biological science teachers, postsecondary.......................................      51,770     ()      97,340      ()
     Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary........................       2,070     ()      92,550      ()
    Physical sciences teachers, postsecondary.........................................      52,160     ()      97,280      () 
     Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary...........      11,020     ()     101,890      () 
     Chemistry teachers, postsecondary................................................      21,370     ()      92,360      () 
     Environmental science teachers, postsecondary....................................       6,040     ()      91,330      () 
     Physics teachers, postsecondary..................................................      13,730     ()     103,830      () 
    Social sciences teachers, postsecondary...........................................     117,510     ()      92,440      () 
     Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary..............................       5,890     ()      94,080      () 
     Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary.......................       9,850     ()      85,450      () 
     Economics teachers, postsecondary................................................      12,750     ()     117,180      () 
     Geography teachers, postsecondary................................................       3,960     ()      88,950      () 
     Political science teachers, postsecondary........................................      15,890     ()      99,480      () 
     Psychology teachers, postsecondary...............................................      37,630     ()      88,490      () 
     Sociology teachers, postsecondary................................................      13,870     ()      83,310      () 
     Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other...............................      17,670     ()      87,950      () 
    Health teachers, postsecondary....................................................     255,190     ()     113,370      () 
     Health specialties teachers, postsecondary.......................................     199,480     ()     122,320      () 
     Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary..................................      55,710     ()      81,350      () 
    Education and library science teachers, postsecondary.............................      65,570     ()      73,800      () 
     Education teachers, postsecondary................................................      60,930     ()      73,680      () 
     Library science teachers, postsecondary..........................................       4,650     ()      75,450      () 
    Law, criminal justice, and social work teachers, postsecondary....................      44,500     ()      96,110      () 
     Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary.....................      14,890     ()      72,390      () 
     Law teachers, postsecondary......................................................      16,990     ()     130,710      () 
     Social work teachers, postsecondary..............................................      12,620     ()      77,520      () 
    Arts, communications, and humanities teachers, postsecondary......................     260,960     ()      80,670      () 
     Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary....................................      94,310     ()      82,560      () 
     Communications teachers, postsecondary...........................................      29,100     ()      78,090      () 
     English language and literature teachers, postsecondary..........................      68,360     ()      78,150      () 
     Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary..........................      25,590     ()      79,160      () 
     History teachers, postsecondary..................................................      20,510     ()      83,990      () 
     Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary..................................      23,100     ()      82,420      () 
    Miscellaneous postsecondary teachers..............................................     444,210     ()      60,200      () 
     Graduate teaching assistants.....................................................     131,490     ()      36,390      () 
     Home economics teachers, postsecondary...........................................       2,080     ()      77,170      () 
     Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary...........................      16,490     ()      72,190      () 
     Vocational education teachers, postsecondary.....................................     110,400    28.14     58,520     25.54
     Postsecondary teachers, all other................................................     183,750     ()      76,990      () 
   Preschool, primary, secondary, and special education school teachers...............   4,193,290     ()      59,980      () 
    Preschool and kindergarten teachers...............................................     555,680    19.26     40,070     16.33
     Preschool teachers, except special education.....................................     424,520    16.54     34,410     14.32
     Kindergarten teachers, except special education..................................     131,160     ()      58,370      () 
    Elementary and middle school teachers.............................................   2,032,880     ()      62,150      () 
     Elementary school teachers, except special education.............................   1,410,970     ()      62,200      () 
     Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education............     609,970     ()      62,030      () 
     Career/technical education teachers, middle school...............................      11,940     ()      62,570      () 
    Secondary school teachers.........................................................   1,129,040     ()      64,230      () 
     Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education.........   1,051,570     ()      64,340      ()
     Career/technical education teachers, secondary school............................      77,460     ()      62,810      () 
    Special education teachers........................................................     475,700     ()      63,890      () 
     Special education teachers, preschool............................................      23,480     ()      61,610      () 
     Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school...................     185,190     ()      63,110      () 
     Special education teachers, middle school........................................      87,870     ()      64,390      () 
     Special education teachers, secondary school.....................................     142,360     ()      65,320      () 
     Special education teachers, all other............................................      36,800     ()      62,500      ()
   Other teachers and instructors.....................................................   1,203,570    19.35     40,250     15.89
    Adult basic and secondary education and literacy teachers and instructors.........      57,750    27.94     58,110     25.79
    Self-enrichment education teachers................................................     243,080    21.62     44,960     18.62
    Miscellaneous teachers and instructors............................................     902,740    18.19     37,840     14.83
     Substitute teachers..............................................................     587,240    15.56     32,360     13.79
     Teachers and instructors, all other, except substitute teachers..................     315,510     ()      48,040      () 
   Librarians, curators, and archivists...............................................     246,200    24.66     51,290     23.08
    Archivists, curators, and museum technicians......................................      31,760    25.61     53,280     23.27
     Archivists.......................................................................       6,370    27.12     56,400     25.11
     Curators.........................................................................      12,280    28.12     58,490     25.86
     Museum technicians and conservators..............................................      13,100    22.53     46,870     20.68
    Librarians........................................................................     125,750    29.58     61,530     28.39
    Library technicians...............................................................      88,690    17.34     36,080     16.37
   Other education, training, and library occupations.................................   1,619,610     ()      34,110      ()
    Audio-visual and multimedia collections specialists...............................       9,540    25.13     52,270     23.85
    Farm and home management advisors.................................................       8,020    25.33     52,700     23.96
    Instructional coordinators........................................................     163,900    32.45     67,490     30.98
    Teacher assistants................................................................   1,331,560     ()      28,750      ()
    Education, training, and library workers, all other...............................     106,590    22.44     46,680     20.23
                                                                                                                                
Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations                               1,951,170    28.74     59,780     23.70
   Art and design workers.............................................................     610,180    26.55     55,230     22.43
    Artists and related workers.......................................................      90,990    40.83     84,930     36.34
     Art directors....................................................................      40,210    50.29    104,590     44.60
     Craft artists....................................................................       3,980    19.47     40,490     16.46
     Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators....................      11,620    28.06     58,370     23.74
     Multimedia artists and animators.................................................      28,560    37.61     78,230     34.87
     Artists and related workers, all other...........................................       6,620    32.55     67,700     31.44
    Designers.........................................................................     519,180    24.05     50,020     20.66
     Commercial and industrial designers..............................................      33,200    34.34     71,430     32.01
     Fashion designers................................................................      19,750    42.12     87,610     34.96
     Floral designers.................................................................      43,360    13.90     28,900     13.08
     Graphic designers................................................................     217,810    26.29     54,680     24.21
     Interior designers...............................................................      57,070    28.42     59,120     25.66
     Merchandise displayers and window trimmers.......................................     128,960    15.31     31,850     13.68
     Set and exhibit designers........................................................      10,590    29.34     61,020     26.09
     Designers, all other.............................................................       8,450    32.99     68,610     29.12
   Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers............................     515,310    28.80     59,900     20.64
    Actors, producers, and directors..................................................     166,060    39.24     81,610     29.40
     Actors...........................................................................      47,430    29.34       ()      17.54
     Producers and directors..........................................................     118,630    43.19     89,840     34.46
    Athletes, coaches, umpires, and related workers...................................     266,860     ()      45,080      () 
     Athletes and sports competitors..................................................      10,800     ()      87,030      () 
     Coaches and scouts...............................................................     236,970     ()      43,870      () 
     Umpires, referees, and other sports officials....................................      19,090     ()      36,440      ()
    Dancers and choreographers........................................................      14,810    22.44     46,670     18.17
     Dancers..........................................................................       9,720    20.70       ()      16.31
     Choreographers...................................................................       5,090    25.75     53,560     22.98
    Musicians, singers, and related workers...........................................      53,840    35.53       ()      26.84
     Music directors and composers....................................................      12,160    28.75     59,790     23.86
     Musicians and singers............................................................      41,680    37.51       ()      28.15
    Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other................      13,740    21.53       ()      15.94
   Media and communication workers....................................................     586,190    31.72     65,980     27.66
    Announcers........................................................................      35,260    23.54     48,960     15.38
     Radio and television announcers..................................................      27,780    24.82     51,630     15.97
     Public address system and other announcers.......................................       7,480    18.77     39,040     13.33
    News analysts, reporters and correspondents.......................................      43,030    29.10     60,530     20.91
     Broadcast news analysts..........................................................       5,890    44.23     91,990     32.15
     Reporters and correspondents.....................................................      37,140    26.70     55,530     19.84
    Public relations specialists......................................................     239,030    32.90     68,440     28.85
    Writers and editors...............................................................     191,320    34.58     71,920     30.53
     Editors..........................................................................      95,750    33.41     69,480     28.60
     Technical writers................................................................      50,350    36.30     75,500     34.54
     Writers and authors..............................................................      45,210    35.14     73,090     29.89
    Miscellaneous media and communication workers.....................................      77,560    26.20     54,490     23.84
     Interpreters and translators.....................................................      57,140    26.55     55,230     24.00
     Media and communication workers, all other.......................................      20,420    25.21     52,430     23.24
   Media and communication equipment workers..........................................     239,490    26.91     55,970     22.24
    Broadcast and sound engineering technicians and radio operators...................     121,890    24.02     49,960     20.98
     Audio and video equipment technicians............................................      75,940    23.53     48,940     21.04
     Broadcast technicians............................................................      31,580    22.48     46,770     19.27
     Radio operators..................................................................         870    21.49     44,710     20.30
     Sound engineering technicians....................................................      13,510    30.53     63,500     25.19
    Photographers.....................................................................      49,560    20.56     42,770     16.35
    Television, video, and motion picture camera operators and editors................      49,240    36.58     76,090     28.36
     Camera operators, television, video, and motion picture..........................      21,080    29.69     61,750     26.24
     Film and video editors...........................................................      28,160    41.75     86,830     30.12
    Media and communication equipment workers, all other..............................      18,790    37.06     77,080     38.26
                                                                                                                                
Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations                                       8,646,730    39.42     82,000     31.94
   Health diagnosing and treating practitioners.......................................   5,367,930    49.02    101,960     38.94
    Chiropractors.....................................................................      34,740    41.28     85,870     34.33
    Dentists..........................................................................     128,060    86.82    180,590     75.12
     Dentists, general................................................................     113,000    84.54    175,840     73.00
     Oral and maxillofacial surgeons..................................................       4,830   116.52    242,370      () 
     Orthodontists....................................................................       5,350   108.54    225,760      () 
     Prosthodontists..................................................................         380    92.02    191,400     84.88
     Dentists, all other specialists..................................................       4,490    85.96    178,800     70.66
    Dietitians and nutritionists......................................................      64,670    29.43     61,210     29.02
    Optometrists......................................................................      37,220    57.68    119,980     53.75
    Pharmacists.......................................................................     309,550    59.45    123,670     60.64
    Physicians and surgeons...........................................................     679,280   101.43    210,980      () 
     Anesthesiologists................................................................      31,060   128.38    267,020      () 
     Family and general practitioners.................................................     114,130   101.82    211,780     96.68
     Internists, general..............................................................      37,820    94.47    196,490     93.51
     Obstetricians and gynecologists..................................................      18,590   114.58    238,320      () 
     Pediatricians, general...........................................................      28,490    88.10    183,240     82.00
     Psychiatrists....................................................................      25,630   105.95    220,380      () 
     Surgeons.........................................................................      34,390   122.65    255,110      () 
     Physicians and surgeons, all other...............................................     389,180    98.02    203,880     96.58
    Physician assistants..............................................................     114,710    52.13    108,430     52.22
    Podiatrists.......................................................................       9,500    71.26    148,220     62.28
    Therapists........................................................................     687,790    38.24     79,530     37.23
     Occupational therapists..........................................................     126,900    41.04     85,350     40.51
     Physical therapists..............................................................     228,600    42.73     88,880     42.27
     Radiation therapists.............................................................      18,260    41.70     86,730     39.58
     Recreational therapists..........................................................      18,840    24.34     50,640     23.01
     Respiratory therapists...........................................................     129,600    30.05     62,500     28.98
     Speech-language pathologists.....................................................     146,900    38.80     80,700     37.26
     Exercise physiologists...........................................................       6,740    26.33     54,760     23.69
     Therapists, all other............................................................      11,950    27.73     57,680     24.51
    Veterinarians.....................................................................      71,060    50.59    105,240     45.11
    Registered nurses.................................................................   2,951,960    36.30     75,510     34.48
    Nurse anesthetists................................................................      43,520    84.03    174,790     80.75
    Nurse midwives....................................................................       6,250    51.40    106,910     49.89
    Nurse practitioners...............................................................     179,650    52.90    110,030     51.46
    Audiologists......................................................................      13,300    39.52     82,210     36.50
    Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other...........................      36,680    41.16     85,600     35.56
   Health technologists and technicians...............................................   3,110,180    23.26     48,380     21.49
    Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians.................................     321,220    25.91     53,880     25.16
    Dental hygienists.................................................................     215,150    36.30     75,500     35.97
    Diagnostic related technologists and technicians..................................     390,630    31.38     65,260     30.60
     Cardiovascular technologists and technicians.....................................      56,560    28.24     58,730     27.33
     Diagnostic medical sonographers..................................................      71,130    35.51     73,860     34.86
     Nuclear medicine technologists...................................................      18,810    37.92     78,870     36.93
     Radiologic technologists.........................................................     205,590    29.59     61,540     28.62
     Magnetic resonance imaging technologists.........................................      38,540    34.73     72,230     34.46
    Emergency medical technicians and paramedics......................................     257,210    18.15     37,760     16.50
    Health practitioner support technologists and technicians.........................     801,590    17.76     36,930     16.70
     Dietetic technicians.............................................................      33,540    14.49     30,130     13.05
     Pharmacy technicians.............................................................     417,860    16.35     34,020     15.72
     Psychiatric technicians..........................................................      71,360    18.15     37,760     15.80
     Respiratory therapy technicians..................................................       9,090    24.70     51,380     24.62
     Surgical technologists...........................................................     110,160    23.58     49,040     22.74
     Veterinary technologists and technicians.........................................     106,680    17.10     35,560     16.55
     Ophthalmic medical technicians...................................................      52,890    18.38     38,220     17.56
    Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses.................................     701,690    22.62     47,050     22.23
    Medical records and health information technicians................................     208,650    21.16     44,010     19.40
    Opticians, dispensing.............................................................      72,250    19.20     39,930     17.80
    Miscellaneous health technologists and technicians................................     141,790    23.82     49,540     21.43
     Orthotists and prosthetists......................................................       8,830    35.51     73,860     33.23
     Hearing aid specialists..........................................................       7,680    26.75     55,650     25.37
     Health technologists and technicians, all other..................................     125,270    22.81     47,450     20.63
   Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations...........................     168,630    32.01     66,590     30.01
    Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians........................     106,410    34.43     71,610     33.35
     Occupational health and safety specialists.......................................      88,390    36.03     74,940     35.11
     Occupational health and safety technicians.......................................      18,020    26.57     55,270     24.41
    Miscellaneous health practitioners and technical workers..........................      62,210    27.89     58,000     24.35
     Athletic trainers................................................................      26,890     ()      49,280      ()
     Genetic counselors...............................................................       2,640    38.88     80,860     38.64
     Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other........................      32,680    30.45     63,340     26.26
                                                                                                                                
Healthcare support occupations                                                           4,117,450    15.57     32,380     14.30
   Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides........................................   2,355,640    13.55     28,180     12.89
    Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides.......................................   2,355,640    13.55     28,180     12.89
     Home health aides................................................................     797,670    12.18     25,330     11.63
     Psychiatric aides................................................................      56,910    14.95     31,090     14.03
     Nursing assistants...............................................................   1,450,960    14.22     29,580     13.72
     Orderlies........................................................................      50,100    14.35     29,840     13.49
   Occupational therapy and physical therapist assistants and aides...................     191,870    24.10     50,130     24.86
    Occupational therapy assistants and aides.........................................      50,360    27.00     56,150     27.70
     Occupational therapy assistants..................................................      42,660    29.04     60,410     28.95
     Occupational therapy aides.......................................................       7,700    15.66     32,580     13.54
    Physical therapist assistants and aides...........................................     141,510    23.07     47,980     23.12
     Physical therapist assistants....................................................      94,250    27.77     57,750     27.91
     Physical therapist aides.........................................................      47,260    13.70     28,500     12.62
   Other healthcare support occupations...............................................   1,569,940    17.55     36,500     16.75
    Massage therapists................................................................     105,160    22.06     45,880     19.92
    Miscellaneous healthcare support occupations......................................   1,464,780    17.23     35,830     16.63
     Dental assistants................................................................     341,060    19.12     39,770     18.59
     Medical assistants...............................................................     673,660    16.61     34,540     16.16
     Medical equipment preparers......................................................      55,610    18.27     37,990     17.42
     Medical transcriptionists........................................................      53,730    17.48     36,350     16.72
     Pharmacy aides...................................................................      36,970    14.03     29,190     12.72
     Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers...........................      89,480    13.79     28,690     13.24
     Phlebotomists....................................................................     125,280    17.10     35,560     16.58
     Healthcare support workers, all other............................................      88,990    18.80     39,110     18.19
                                                                                                                                
Protective service occupations                                                           3,437,410    23.36     48,580     19.54
   Supervisors of protective service workers..........................................     304,940    36.72     76,380     33.92
    First-line supervisors of law enforcement workers.................................     160,410    41.51     86,350     39.35
     First-line supervisors of correctional officers..................................      43,760    32.86     68,350     30.45
     First-line supervisors of police and detectives..................................     116,660    44.76     93,100     42.80
    First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers....................      65,920    38.61     80,310     36.70
    First-line supervisors of protective service workers, all other...................      78,610    25.35     52,730     23.87
   Fire fighting and prevention workers...............................................     336,230    25.78     53,630     24.04
    Firefighters......................................................................     321,570    25.60     53,240     23.85
    Fire inspectors...................................................................      14,660    29.82     62,030     28.94
     Fire inspectors and investigators................................................      12,530    30.84     64,140     30.05
     Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists................................       2,130    23.85     49,610     19.04
   Law enforcement workers............................................................   1,217,260    29.42     61,190     26.81
    Bailiffs, correctional officers, and jailers......................................     433,900    23.71     49,320     21.35
     Bailiffs.........................................................................      18,900    23.97     49,870     22.00
     Correctional officers and jailers................................................     415,000    23.70     49,300     21.31
    Detectives and criminal investigators.............................................     103,450    40.88     85,020     39.38
    Fish and game wardens.............................................................       6,040    28.49     59,260     27.75
    Parking enforcement workers.......................................................       8,070    20.29     42,200     19.15
    Police officers...................................................................     665,800    31.47     65,460     29.56
     Police and sheriff's patrol officers.............................................     661,330    31.44     65,400     29.51
     Transit and railroad police......................................................       4,470    35.79     74,450     35.59
   Other protective service workers...................................................   1,578,980    15.59     32,430     13.76
    Animal control workers............................................................      12,080    18.51     38,490     17.47
    Private detectives and investigators..............................................      30,990    27.31     56,810     24.08
    Security guards and gaming surveillance officers..................................   1,124,610    15.43     32,090     13.72
     Gaming surveillance officers and gaming investigators............................      10,230    17.41     36,200     15.71
     Security guards..................................................................   1,114,380    15.41     32,050     13.70
    Miscellaneous protective service workers..........................................     411,300    15.06     31,330     13.22
     Crossing guards..................................................................      79,880    15.37     31,970     13.92
     Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers........     144,370    11.74     24,420     10.77
     Transportation security screeners................................................      45,250    20.13     41,860     19.95
     Protective service workers, all other............................................     141,790    16.66     34,650     14.77
                                                                                                                                
Food preparation and serving related occupations                                        13,374,620    12.30     25,580     11.09
   Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers................................   1,093,000    18.30     38,070     16.30
    Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers...............................   1,093,000    18.30     38,070     16.30
     Chefs and head cooks.............................................................     128,600    25.08     52,160     23.30
     First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers...................     964,400    17.40     36,190     15.60
   Cooks and food preparation workers.................................................   3,218,110    12.56     26,120     11.91
    Cooks.............................................................................   2,403,510    12.77     26,560     12.12
     Cooks, fast food.................................................................     487,510    10.89     22,650     10.74
     Cooks, institution and cafeteria.................................................     400,320    13.60     28,290     12.91
     Cooks, private household.........................................................         460    19.83     41,240     18.07
     Cooks, restaurant................................................................   1,340,810    13.26     27,580     12.76
     Cooks, short order...............................................................     155,840    12.09     25,140     11.44
     Cooks, all other.................................................................      18,570    14.60     30,360     13.78
    Food preparation workers..........................................................     814,600    11.94     24,830     11.41
   Food and beverage serving workers..................................................   7,630,110    11.51     23,940     10.43
    Bartenders........................................................................     631,480    12.88     26,780     10.84
    Fast food and counter workers.....................................................   4,150,030    10.70     22,260     10.32
     Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food...............   3,676,180    10.64     22,140     10.22
     Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop..................     473,860    11.17     23,240     10.74
    Waiters and waitresses............................................................   2,582,410    12.42     25,830     10.47
    Food servers, nonrestaurant.......................................................     266,190    12.01     24,980     11.20
   Other food preparation and serving related workers.................................   1,433,400    11.32     23,540     10.81
    Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers........................     455,700    11.52     23,950     10.71
    Dishwashers.......................................................................     504,770    11.15     23,190     10.93
    Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop..........................     416,950    11.18     23,260     10.65
    Food preparation and serving related workers, all other...........................      55,980    12.23     25,430     11.47
                                                                                                                                
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations                                4,421,980    14.43     30,020     12.91
   Supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers...............     255,580    22.30     46,380     20.82
    First-line supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers...     255,580    22.30     46,380     20.82
     First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers....................     154,180    20.75     43,150     19.20
     First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers..     101,390    24.66     51,280     23.18
   Building cleaning and pest control workers.........................................   3,171,520    13.56     28,200     12.17
    Building cleaning workers.........................................................   3,094,210    13.44     27,960     12.10
     Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners....................   2,156,270    13.92     28,950     12.55
     Maids and housekeeping cleaners..................................................     924,290    12.30     25,570     11.43
     Building cleaning workers, all other.............................................      13,650    15.73     32,710     14.07
    Pest control workers..............................................................      77,300    18.24     37,950     17.12
   Grounds maintenance workers........................................................     994,880    15.19     31,600     14.13
    Grounds maintenance workers.......................................................     994,880    15.19     31,600     14.13
     Landscaping and groundskeeping workers...........................................     913,480    14.88     30,940     13.94
     Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation........................      24,500    18.37     38,210     16.98
     Tree trimmers and pruners........................................................      42,440    19.47     40,510     18.36
     Grounds maintenance workers, all other...........................................      14,470    17.17     35,710     14.63
                                                                                                                                
Personal care and service occupations                                                    5,451,330    13.51     28,090     11.74
   Supervisors of personal care and service workers...................................     258,960    20.53     42,710     18.92
    First-line supervisors of gaming workers..........................................      30,330    24.16     50,250     23.76
    First-line supervisors of personal service workers................................     228,620    20.05     41,710     18.46
   Animal care and service workers....................................................     214,680    12.76     26,540     11.51
    Animal trainers...................................................................      14,830    16.95     35,260     14.08
    Nonfarm animal caretakers.........................................................     199,850    12.45     25,890     11.42
   Entertainment attendants and related workers.......................................     601,890    11.56     24,050     10.66
    Gaming services workers...........................................................     113,640    11.65     24,240     10.07
     Gaming dealers...................................................................      92,530    11.09     23,070      9.68
     Gaming and sports book writers and runners.......................................      11,150    13.29     27,640     11.74
     Gaming service workers, all other................................................       9,950    15.03     31,260     13.24
    Motion picture projectionists.....................................................       4,840    12.42     25,820     10.94
    Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers.......................................     133,970    11.35     23,610     10.70
    Miscellaneous entertainment attendants and related workers........................     349,440    11.61     24,140     10.78
     Amusement and recreation attendants..............................................     319,890    11.28     23,460     10.70
     Costume attendants...............................................................       6,460    22.12     46,010     19.80
     Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants..............................      17,610    12.84     26,720     11.55
     Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other..........................       5,480    14.27     29,690     11.68
   Funeral service workers............................................................      65,150    19.77     41,130     16.30
    Embalmers.........................................................................       4,070    22.42     46,640     21.27
    Funeral attendants................................................................      35,340    13.69     28,480     12.69
    Morticians, undertakers, and funeral directors....................................      25,740    27.70     57,620     25.31
   Personal appearance workers........................................................     575,110    14.44     30,040     11.94
    Barbers, hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists............................     397,350    14.59     30,340     11.94
     Barbers..........................................................................      20,130    15.97     33,220     13.44
     Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists...................................     377,210    14.51     30,190     11.89
    Miscellaneous personal appearance workers.........................................     177,770    14.13     29,380     11.94
     Makeup artists, theatrical and performance.......................................       3,140    34.63     72,030     30.89
     Manicurists and pedicurists......................................................     110,170    12.43     25,860     11.70
     Shampooers.......................................................................      13,720    10.65     22,160     10.40
     Skincare specialists.............................................................      50,740    17.48     36,350     15.05
   Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges..........................................      79,840    14.46     30,070     12.91
    Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges.........................................      79,840    14.46     30,070     12.91
     Baggage porters and bellhops.....................................................      42,350    12.98     26,990     11.64
     Concierges.......................................................................      37,490    16.13     33,550     14.61
   Tour and travel guides.............................................................      49,740    14.25     29,630     12.77
    Tour and travel guides............................................................      49,740    14.25     29,630     12.77
   Other personal care and service workers............................................   3,605,950    13.07     27,190     11.70
    Childcare workers.................................................................     564,630    11.83     24,610     11.17
    Personal care aides...............................................................   2,211,950    12.06     25,090     11.55
    Recreation and fitness workers....................................................     662,040    17.25     35,890     14.14
     Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors........................................     308,470    21.43     44,580     19.15
     Recreation workers...............................................................     353,570    13.61     28,310     12.05
    Residential advisors..............................................................     108,380    14.41     29,970     13.39
    Personal care and service workers, all other......................................      58,970    13.59     28,270     12.59
                                                                                                                                
Sales and related occupations                                                           14,542,290    20.09     41,790     13.55
   Supervisors of sales workers.......................................................   1,429,100    24.97     51,930     20.84
    First-line supervisors of sales workers...........................................   1,429,100    24.97     51,930     20.84
     First-line supervisors of retail sales workers...................................   1,181,530    21.67     45,080     19.05
     First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers...............................     247,570    40.67     84,600     35.29
   Retail sales workers...............................................................   8,787,270    12.75     26,520     11.33
    Cashiers..........................................................................   3,657,570    11.19     23,270     10.79
     Cashiers.........................................................................   3,635,550    11.17     23,240     10.78
     Gaming change persons and booth cashiers.........................................      22,020    13.09     27,220     11.96
    Counter and rental clerks and parts salespersons..................................     681,580    15.52     32,280     13.68
     Counter and rental clerks........................................................     426,700    15.00     31,200     13.12
     Parts salespersons...............................................................     254,870    16.39     34,080     14.63
    Retail salespersons...............................................................   4,448,120    13.61     28,310     11.63
   Sales representatives, services....................................................   2,046,120    34.37     71,490     26.13
    Advertising sales agents..........................................................     133,110    30.46     63,360     24.87
    Insurance sales agents............................................................     393,830    32.64     67,890     24.33
    Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents......................     415,890    47.49     98,770     30.83
    Travel agents.....................................................................      69,480    20.54     42,720     18.61
    Sales representatives, services, all other........................................   1,033,820    31.18     64,860     26.23
   Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing.................................   1,663,160    35.43     73,680     29.64
    Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing................................   1,663,160    35.43     73,680     29.64
     Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific                                               
      products........................................................................     312,980    44.15     91,830     38.31
     Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and                                                   
      scientific products.............................................................   1,350,180    33.40     69,480     28.13
   Other sales and related workers....................................................     616,650    24.70     51,380     17.17
    Models, demonstrators, and product promoters......................................      84,560    15.96     33,200     13.85
     Demonstrators and product promoters..............................................      81,250    15.99     33,260     13.92
     Models...........................................................................       3,310    15.18     31,570     11.43
    Real estate brokers and sales agents..............................................     197,080    31.37     65,240     24.18
     Real estate brokers..............................................................      40,320    37.95     78,940     27.99
     Real estate sales agents.........................................................     156,760    29.67     61,720     23.41
    Sales engineers...................................................................      65,720    52.22    108,610     48.76
    Telemarketers.....................................................................     164,160    13.72     28,550     12.14
    Miscellaneous sales and related workers...........................................     105,120    19.19     39,910     15.60
     Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers.........       9,430    16.40     34,120     12.71
     Sales and related workers, all other.............................................      95,690    19.46     40,480     15.97
                                                                                                                                
Office and administrative support occupations                                           21,828,990    18.75     38,990     17.19
   Supervisors of office and administrative support workers...........................   1,477,560    28.53     59,340     26.83
    First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers...............   1,477,560    28.53     59,340     26.83
   Communications equipment operators.................................................      78,860    15.45     32,140     14.36
    Switchboard operators, including answering service................................      71,600    15.04     31,290     14.14
    Telephone operators...............................................................       5,160    18.93     39,360     17.91
    Communications equipment operators, all other.....................................       2,100    20.87     43,410     19.74
   Financial clerks...................................................................   2,978,640    19.07     39,660     18.02
    Bill and account collectors.......................................................     251,330    18.38     38,220     17.32
    Billing and posting clerks........................................................     469,250    19.00     39,520     18.17
    Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks......................................   1,530,430    20.25     42,110     19.35
    Gaming cage workers...............................................................      16,020    13.93     28,980     13.22
    Payroll and timekeeping clerks....................................................     144,030    22.17     46,110     21.66
    Procurement clerks................................................................      68,100    20.76     43,180     20.51
    Tellers...........................................................................     468,470    14.49     30,140     14.16
    Financial clerks, all other.......................................................      31,010    21.00     43,670     19.72
   Information and record clerks......................................................   5,773,540    17.19     35,750     15.91
    Brokerage clerks..................................................................      55,100    25.93     53,940     24.71
    Correspondence clerks.............................................................       5,460    18.75     38,990     17.93
    Court, municipal, and license clerks..............................................     142,350    19.76     41,100     18.48
    Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks..........................................      29,980    19.55     40,670     18.63
    Customer service representatives..................................................   2,871,400    17.53     36,470     16.23
    Eligibility interviewers, government programs.....................................     137,830    22.34     46,480     22.12
    File clerks.......................................................................     110,020    16.25     33,810     15.24
    Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks..............................................     260,780    12.08     25,130     11.39
    Interviewers, except eligibility and loan.........................................     192,820    17.08     35,520     16.38
    Library assistants, clerical......................................................      88,970    13.92     28,960     12.74
    Loan interviewers and clerks......................................................     222,620    19.86     41,310     19.18
    New accounts clerks...............................................................      41,500    17.79     37,000     17.21
    Order clerks......................................................................     159,210    17.21     35,790     16.09
    Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping........................     124,600    20.01     41,620     19.42
    Receptionists and information clerks..............................................   1,043,630    14.59     30,350     14.01
    Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks....................     132,050    20.06     41,730     17.90
    Information and record clerks, all other..........................................     155,220    20.15     41,900     19.69
   Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers..............   4,149,140    17.28     35,950     15.45
    Cargo and freight agents..........................................................      92,280    22.15     46,070     20.77
    Couriers and messengers...........................................................      75,720    14.72     30,620     13.81
    Dispatchers.......................................................................     294,900    20.70     43,050     19.17
     Police, fire, and ambulance dispatchers..........................................      95,020    20.81     43,290     19.55
     Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance..................................     199,880    20.64     42,940     18.98
    Meter readers, utilities..........................................................      33,570    21.46     44,640     19.40
    Postal service workers............................................................     525,070    24.78     51,540     28.25
     Postal service clerks............................................................      78,830    24.45     50,860     26.58
     Postal service mail carriers.....................................................     342,410    24.89     51,780     26.54
     Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators........     103,830    24.64     51,250     28.26
    Production, planning, and expediting clerks.......................................     350,150    24.05     50,020     22.88
    Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks...........................................     655,590    16.82     34,980     15.88
    Stock clerks and order fillers....................................................   2,056,030    13.71     28,520     12.36
    Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping........................      65,830    16.39     34,100     15.53
   Secretaries and administrative assistants..........................................   3,498,120    20.34     42,320     18.69
    Secretaries and administrative assistants.........................................   3,498,120    20.34     42,320     18.69
     Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants....................     570,530    29.59     61,550     28.53
     Legal secretaries................................................................     176,880    24.06     50,040     22.29
     Medical secretaries..............................................................     585,410    17.83     37,090     17.19
     Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive..   2,165,310    18.28     38,030     17.61
   Other office and administrative support workers....................................   3,873,130    17.28     35,940     16.16
    Computer operators................................................................      34,700    22.47     46,750     22.04
    Data entry and information processing workers.....................................     228,060    17.05     35,470     16.24
     Data entry keyers................................................................     174,930    16.22     33,740     15.47
     Word processors and typists......................................................      53,130    19.79     41,160     19.11
    Desktop publishers................................................................      10,740    22.47     46,750     20.63
    Insurance claims and policy processing clerks.....................................     274,560    20.26     42,150     19.07
    Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service.....................      86,150    15.41     32,040     14.63
    Office clerks, general............................................................   2,972,930    16.92     35,200     15.74
    Office machine operators, except computer.........................................      48,580    16.60     34,530     15.76
    Proofreaders and copy markers.....................................................       9,820    20.17     41,950     18.82
    Statistical assistants............................................................      11,010    24.09     50,110     23.24
    Office and administrative support workers, all other..............................     196,570    18.02     37,480     16.76
                                                                                                                                
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                                                 480,130    14.49     30,140     12.20
   Supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers..............................      21,800    24.42     50,790     22.57
    First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers..................      21,800    24.42     50,790     22.57
   Agricultural workers...............................................................     411,460    13.42     27,910     11.89
    Agricultural inspectors...........................................................      13,240    22.10     45,970     21.22
    Animal breeders...................................................................       2,160    20.71     43,080     17.82
    Graders and sorters, agricultural products........................................      38,210    12.74     26,510     11.75
    Miscellaneous agricultural workers................................................     357,850    13.12     27,290     11.83
     Agricultural equipment operators.................................................      26,060    15.68     32,620     14.99
     Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse..........................     287,420    12.72     26,450     11.69
     Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals...............................      37,780    13.87     28,840     12.77
     Agricultural workers, all other..................................................       6,600    16.51     34,340     14.18
   Forest, conservation, and logging workers..........................................      44,910    19.47     40,500     18.64
    Forest and conservation workers...................................................       7,510    15.06     31,320     13.20
    Logging workers...................................................................      37,400    20.36     42,340     19.54
     Fallers..........................................................................       4,680    23.33     48,520     21.19
     Logging equipment operators......................................................      25,730    20.12     41,840     19.48
     Log graders and scalers..........................................................       3,330    18.78     39,060     18.38
     Logging workers, all other.......................................................       3,670    19.68     40,940     19.11
                                                                                                                                
Construction and extraction occupations                                                  5,962,640    24.62     51,220     22.12
   Supervisors of construction and extraction workers.................................     598,210    33.91     70,540     31.36
    First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers..............     598,210    33.91     70,540     31.36
   Construction trades workers........................................................   4,497,490    23.97     49,850     21.54
    Boilermakers......................................................................      13,870    30.41     63,240     29.88
    Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons.........................................      76,240    25.39     52,810     23.78
     Brickmasons and blockmasons......................................................      63,930    26.17     54,430     24.49
     Stonemasons......................................................................      12,310    21.33     44,370     19.82
    Carpenters........................................................................     718,730    24.58     51,120     22.40
    Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers..................................      83,740    21.79     45,330     19.63
     Carpet installers................................................................      26,100    21.42     44,550     18.92
     Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles................................      14,050    22.48     46,760     20.56
     Floor sanders and finishers......................................................       4,460    19.18     39,890     18.04
     Tile and marble setters..........................................................      39,130    22.09     45,950     20.12
    Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers...........................     189,130    22.76     47,340     20.67
     Cement masons and concrete finishers.............................................     186,400    22.76     47,350     20.67
     Terrazzo workers and finishers...................................................       2,730    22.71     47,230     20.43
    Construction laborers.............................................................   1,001,470    19.40     40,350     17.21
    Construction equipment operators..................................................     433,690    25.09     52,190     22.59
     Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators...............................      46,760    21.32     44,360     19.13
     Pile-driver operators............................................................       3,450    30.94     64,360     28.21
     Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators...................     383,480    25.50     53,030     22.98
    Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers...........................     120,220    24.24     50,420     21.72
     Drywall and ceiling tile installers..............................................     101,900    23.64     49,170     21.03
     Tapers...........................................................................      18,320    27.57     57,340     26.48
    Electricians......................................................................     655,840    28.46     59,190     26.53
    Glaziers..........................................................................      50,940    23.38     48,620     20.94
    Insulation workers................................................................      56,440    22.55     46,910     20.15
     Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall.....................................      31,840    20.23     42,070     18.50
     Insulation workers, mechanical...................................................      24,610    25.57     53,180     22.95
    Painters and paperhangers.........................................................     231,200    20.69     43,030     18.72
     Painters, construction and maintenance...........................................     228,420    20.70     43,050     18.72
     Paperhangers.....................................................................       2,780    19.64     40,840     18.31
    Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters...............................     476,140    27.39     56,980     25.33
     Pipelayers.......................................................................      38,070    20.91     43,500     18.54
     Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters..........................................     438,070    27.96     58,150     25.92
    Plasterers and stucco masons......................................................      24,870    22.89     47,610     20.93
    Reinforcing iron and rebar workers................................................      18,360    26.28     54,670     23.23
    Roofers...........................................................................     128,680    21.09     43,870     19.22
    Sheet metal workers...............................................................     131,570    25.34     52,710     23.30
    Structural iron and steel workers.................................................      77,410    27.97     58,170     25.95
    Solar photovoltaic installers.....................................................       8,950    22.12     46,010     20.52
   Helpers, construction trades.......................................................     233,580    15.82     32,900     15.00
    Helpers, construction trades......................................................     233,580    15.82     32,900     15.00
     Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters......      24,340    17.50     36,390     16.05
     Helpers--carpenters..............................................................      33,020    15.32     31,850     14.85
     Helpers--electricians............................................................      75,970    15.84     32,960     15.10
     Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons...................      10,600    15.25     31,720     14.40
     Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters.....................      54,710    15.66     32,570     14.89
     Helpers--roofers.................................................................       8,630    15.26     31,740     14.61
     Helpers, construction trades, all other..........................................      26,320    15.56     32,370     14.67
   Other construction and related workers.............................................     422,540    24.15     50,240     21.72
    Construction and building inspectors..............................................     104,090    30.36     63,150     28.70
    Elevator installers and repairers.................................................      26,830    38.16     79,370     38.36
    Fence erectors....................................................................      23,530    18.10     37,650     16.73
    Hazardous materials removal workers...............................................      44,000    22.62     47,050     20.21
    Highway maintenance workers.......................................................     149,260    19.92     41,440     19.08
    Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators.............................      14,410    27.46     57,120     27.37
    Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners.....................................      27,090    19.97     41,530     18.74
    Miscellaneous construction and related workers....................................      33,340    20.68     43,000     18.68
   Extraction workers.................................................................     210,820    22.96     47,760     21.34
    Derrick, rotary drill, and service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining...........      79,030    25.46     52,950     23.36
     Derrick operators, oil and gas...................................................      11,310    22.90     47,630     22.17
     Rotary drill operators, oil and gas..............................................      18,010    27.28     56,740     25.86
     Service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining.....................................      49,710    25.38     52,780     23.01
    Earth drillers, except oil and gas................................................      18,270    22.87     47,570     21.36
    Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters.......................       5,640    25.38     52,780     23.97
    Mining machine operators..........................................................      22,910    25.53     53,090     25.34
     Continuous mining machine operators..............................................      14,710    26.19     54,470     26.21
     Mine cutting and channeling machine operators....................................       4,920    23.59     49,080     22.68
     Mining machine operators, all other..............................................       3,280    25.44     52,920     24.76
    Rock splitters, quarry............................................................       4,870    17.19     35,760     16.71
    Roof bolters, mining..............................................................       3,250    28.41     59,090     28.20
    Roustabouts, oil and gas..........................................................      54,810    19.34     40,220     18.07
    Helpers--extraction workers.......................................................      15,930    18.10     37,660     17.48
    Extraction workers, all other.....................................................       6,110    26.10     54,300     26.37
                                                                                                                                
Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations                                        5,628,880    23.54     48,960     21.89
   Supervisors of installation, maintenance, and repair workers.......................     471,820    33.33     69,320     31.80
    First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers....................     471,820    33.33     69,320     31.80
   Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers...........     583,310    25.57     53,190     24.53
    Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers..........................     102,810    19.65     40,880     18.50
    Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers...................     243,820    27.42     57,030     26.93
     Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairers....................      13,930    27.09     56,340     26.39
     Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers....     229,890    27.44     57,080     26.97
    Miscellaneous electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and                                                
     repairers........................................................................     236,690    26.23     54,570     25.27
     Avionics technicians.............................................................      18,860    31.41     65,330     30.84
     Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers................................      15,800    22.00     45,770     20.60
     Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment....      11,680    29.55     61,460     29.01
     Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment........      59,520    28.47     59,210     27.94
     Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay..........      22,980    38.48     80,040     38.56
     Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles....................      10,880    17.67     36,750     17.11
     Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers.................      26,070    19.13     39,800     18.35
     Security and fire alarm systems installers.......................................      70,900    23.34     48,540     22.69
   Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers..................   1,614,070    22.21     46,200     20.83
    Aircraft mechanics and service technicians........................................     131,690    31.36     65,230     30.25
    Automotive technicians and repairers..............................................     809,740    21.17     44,030     19.63
     Automotive body and related repairers............................................     142,060    22.34     46,460     20.55
     Automotive glass installers and repairers........................................      19,640    17.49     36,370     16.43
     Automotive service technicians and mechanics.....................................     648,050    21.02     43,730     19.57
    Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists.............................     264,860    23.63     49,150     22.76
    Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics..............     199,280    24.89     51,780     24.19
     Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians.................................      34,300    20.29     42,190     19.54
     Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines.................................     140,260    25.66     53,370     24.96
     Rail car repairers...............................................................      24,720    26.93     56,020     27.03
    Small engine mechanics............................................................      69,130    18.84     39,180     17.82
     Motorboat mechanics and service technicians......................................      22,280    20.35     42,330     19.32
     Motorcycle mechanics.............................................................      15,090    18.87     39,260     17.69
     Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics.........................      31,760    17.76     36,940     17.02
    Miscellaneous vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers...     139,370    14.80     30,780     13.84
     Bicycle repairers................................................................      12,200    14.56     30,290     13.92
     Recreational vehicle service technicians.........................................      15,560    19.28     40,090     18.35
     Tire repairers and changers......................................................     111,620    14.20     29,530     13.41
   Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations............................   2,959,670    22.30     46,380     20.68
    Control and valve installers and repairers........................................      74,400    25.70     53,460     23.89
     Mechanical door repairers........................................................      22,670    20.84     43,350     19.71
     Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door...............      51,730    27.83     57,890     26.96
    Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers.............     324,310    24.12     50,160     22.89
    Home appliance repairers..........................................................      31,130    19.72     41,020     18.88
    Industrial machinery installation, repair, and maintenance workers................     487,640    25.64     53,330     24.82
     Industrial machinery mechanics...................................................     362,440    25.96     54,000     25.16
     Maintenance workers, machinery...................................................      80,270    23.42     48,720     22.63
     Millwrights......................................................................      43,810    27.04     56,250     26.47
     Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons...............................       1,120    25.24     52,510     25.09
    Line installers and repairers.....................................................     233,010    31.03     64,540     31.67
     Electrical power-line installers and repairers...................................     114,800    33.77     70,240     34.09
     Telecommunications line installers and repairers.................................     118,200    28.36     59,000     28.02
    Precision instrument and equipment repairers......................................      72,010    24.58     51,120     23.13
     Camera and photographic equipment repairers......................................       3,690    20.45     42,540     19.53
     Medical equipment repairers......................................................      46,320    25.34     52,710     23.66
     Musical instrument repairers and tuners..........................................       8,450    18.81     39,110     17.47
     Watch repairers..................................................................       2,610    21.55     44,830     19.19
     Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other..........................      10,930    27.91     58,060     27.70
    Maintenance and repair workers, general...........................................   1,384,240    19.72     41,020     18.42
    Wind turbine service technicians..................................................       5,580    27.88     58,000     26.14
    Miscellaneous installation, maintenance, and repair workers.......................     347,350    19.25     40,040     17.39
     Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers.....................      32,920    17.49     36,390     16.61
     Commercial divers................................................................       3,380    28.59     59,470     23.63
     Fabric menders, except garment...................................................         400    16.13     33,550     14.77
     Locksmiths and safe repairers....................................................      16,970    21.03     43,740     19.93
     Manufactured building and mobile home installers.................................       2,920    15.82     32,910     15.40
     Riggers..........................................................................      20,970    24.68     51,330     24.22
     Signal and track switch repairers................................................       7,730    32.60     67,800     33.89
     Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers...........................     105,040    15.09     31,390     14.16
     Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other.........................     157,030    20.70     43,050     18.90
                                                                                                                                
Production occupations                                                                   9,115,530    18.84     39,190     16.86
   Supervisors of production workers..................................................     622,790    30.93     64,340     29.05
    First-line supervisors of production and operating workers........................     622,790    30.93     64,340     29.05
   Assemblers and fabricators.........................................................   1,831,200    17.14     35,650     15.78
    Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers.....................      43,150    26.70     55,530     25.64
    Electrical, electronics, and electromechanical assemblers.........................     287,630    17.26     35,910     16.20
     Coil winders, tapers, and finishers..............................................      12,190    17.60     36,610     16.54
     Electrical, electronic, and electromechanical assemblers, except coil winders, 
      tapers, and finishers...........................................................     275,450    17.25     35,880     16.18
    Engine and other machine assemblers...............................................      48,200    21.79     45,330     21.34
    Structural metal fabricators and fitters..........................................      76,090    20.02     41,640     18.89
    Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators..........................................   1,376,130    16.49     34,300     15.19
     Fiberglass laminators and fabricators............................................      21,190    17.39     36,170     16.59
     Timing device assemblers and adjusters...........................................         780    18.01     37,460     16.66
     Assemblers and fabricators, all other, including team assemblers.................   1,354,150    16.48     34,270     15.16
   Food processing workers............................................................     801,770    14.46     30,090     13.58
    Bakers............................................................................     180,010    13.78     28,660     12.75
    Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers.....................     365,660    14.38     29,910     13.69
     Butchers and meat cutters........................................................     133,670    15.97     33,210     15.18
     Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers.....................................     156,440    13.36     27,790     12.96
     Slaughterers and meat packers....................................................      75,550    13.68     28,450     13.59
    Miscellaneous food processing workers.............................................     256,100    15.07     31,340     13.99
     Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders......      21,060    15.74     32,730     14.83
     Food batchmakers.................................................................     160,160    15.43     32,090     14.29
     Food cooking machine operators and tenders.......................................      32,260    15.23     31,690     14.48
     Food processing workers, all other...............................................      42,620    13.26     27,590     12.44
   Metal workers and plastic workers..................................................   1,940,370    19.94     41,480     18.70
    Computer control programmers and operators........................................     171,920    21.13     43,940     19.95
     Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic....................     148,150    20.17     41,960     19.26
     Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic......      23,770    27.07     56,300     25.57
    Forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic................     120,630    18.35     38,170     17.52
     Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.      75,610    17.61     36,620     16.90
     Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............      18,330    19.60     40,770     18.70
     Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............      26,700    19.61     40,790     18.58
    Machine tool cutting setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...........     318,860    18.00     37,450     17.05
     Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and                                            
      plastic.........................................................................     186,640    17.40     36,180     16.57
     Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and                                                
      plastic.........................................................................      11,400    19.95     41,490     18.28
     Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and                                             
      tenders, metal and plastic......................................................      71,870    17.64     36,690     16.76
     Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and                                                  
      plastic.........................................................................      29,510    19.76     41,090     18.84
     Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...      19,440    21.39     44,490     20.95
    Machinists........................................................................     384,350    21.75     45,250     20.97
    Metal furnace operators, tenders, pourers, and casters............................      25,520    19.79     41,160     19.18
     Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders.....................................      17,670    20.10     41,810     19.82
     Pourers and casters, metal.......................................................       7,850    19.07     39,670     18.14
    Model makers and patternmakers, metal and plastic.................................       8,090    25.69     53,430     24.88
     Model makers, metal and plastic..................................................       5,210    27.36     56,920     26.98
     Patternmakers, metal and plastic.................................................       2,880    22.66     47,130     22.04
    Molders and molding machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic....     179,710    16.44     34,200     15.30
     Foundry mold and coremakers......................................................      15,600    17.70     36,820     17.04
     Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal                                            
      and plastic.....................................................................     164,110    16.32     33,950     15.13
    Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic..........     133,840    18.03     37,510     17.01
    Tool and die makers...............................................................      72,700    25.79     53,650     25.36
    Welding, soldering, and brazing workers...........................................     424,270    21.12     43,930     19.71
     Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers.........................................     389,190    21.33     44,360     19.89
     Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders..........      35,080    18.83     39,160     18.11
    Miscellaneous metal workers and plastic workers...................................     100,470    18.24     37,940     17.14
     Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.......      19,690    18.77     39,050     18.04
     Layout workers, metal and plastic................................................       8,170    22.78     47,380     23.03
     Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...      40,070    16.74     34,830     15.58
     Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners............................................       7,070    19.66     40,890     18.34
     Metal workers and plastic workers, all other.....................................      25,470    18.34     38,140     17.27
   Printing workers...................................................................     249,140    18.39     38,260     17.36
    Printing workers..................................................................     249,140    18.39     38,260     17.36
     Prepress technicians and workers.................................................      29,990    20.31     42,240     19.43
     Printing press operators.........................................................     173,470    18.49     38,470     17.41
     Print binding and finishing workers..............................................      45,690    16.76     34,850     15.81
   Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers..........................................     574,130    13.31     27,690     12.11
    Laundry and dry-cleaning workers..................................................     213,350    11.77     24,480     11.16
    Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials.................................      38,320    11.57     24,060     11.23
    Sewing machine operators..........................................................     136,450    12.98     26,990     12.03
    Shoe and leather workers..........................................................      12,450    14.37     29,900     14.09
     Shoe and leather workers and repairers...........................................       8,640    14.33     29,800     13.87
     Shoe machine operators and tenders...............................................       3,810    14.47     30,110     14.63
    Tailors, dressmakers, and sewers..................................................      26,500    16.04     33,350     14.59
     Sewers, hand.....................................................................       5,350    14.19     29,510     13.78
     Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers..........................................      21,150    16.50     34,330     14.90
    Textile machine setters, operators, and tenders...................................      75,490    14.37     29,880     13.88
     Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders.......................       9,330    14.39     29,930     13.84
     Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders..........................      13,310    14.16     29,440     13.57
     Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders.............      21,190    14.65     30,470     14.02
     Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and                                                 
      tenders.........................................................................      31,650    14.26     29,660     13.90
    Miscellaneous textile, apparel, and furnishings workers...........................      71,570    17.18     35,740     15.99
     Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and                                               
      glass fibers....................................................................      18,130    17.07     35,500     16.44
     Fabric and apparel patternmakers.................................................       5,220    23.65     49,180     19.50
     Upholsterers.....................................................................      32,870    17.27     35,920     16.58
     Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other.............................      15,360    14.94     31,070     13.34
   Woodworkers........................................................................     257,840    16.19     33,680     15.19
    Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters................................................     102,100    17.59     36,580     16.70
    Furniture finishers...............................................................      17,250    16.27     33,850     15.36
    Model makers and patternmakers, wood..............................................       1,280    26.70     55,540     27.07
     Model makers, wood...............................................................         740    25.29     52,590     25.53
     Patternmakers, wood..............................................................         530    28.68     59,650     29.30
    Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders...............................     131,240    14.98     31,150     14.25
     Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood.............................      52,260    15.00     31,200     14.18
     Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing...............      78,980    14.96     31,110     14.29
    Woodworkers, all other............................................................       5,970    16.60     34,530     14.98
   Plant and system operators.........................................................     301,200    29.72     61,820     28.42
    Power plant operators, distributors, and dispatchers..............................      51,820    39.31     81,760     39.92
     Nuclear power reactor operators..................................................       6,280    45.82     95,310     45.36
     Power distributors and dispatchers...............................................      11,620    41.03     85,340     41.54
     Power plant operators............................................................      33,920    37.51     78,030     38.27
    Stationary engineers and boiler operators.........................................      31,710    30.62     63,690     29.06
    Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators.........................     123,650    23.79     49,490     22.49
    Miscellaneous plant and system operators..........................................      94,010    31.94     66,430     31.85
     Chemical plant and system operators..............................................      28,190    29.60     61,570     29.84
     Gas plant operators..............................................................      14,620    34.36     71,470     34.17
     Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers.................      38,930    33.96     70,630     34.07
     Plant and system operators, all other............................................      12,270    28.03     58,300     27.45
   Other production occupations.......................................................   2,537,090    17.92     37,270     16.35
    Chemical processing machine setters, operators, and tenders.......................     132,660    23.30     48,470     21.97
     Chemical equipment operators and tenders.........................................      82,880    24.55     51,070     23.45
     Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters,                                               
      operators, and tenders..........................................................      49,770    21.22     44,140     19.62
    Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, and blending workers.......................     190,770    18.25     37,960     17.25
     Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders........      31,890    18.30     38,060     17.50
     Grinding and polishing workers, hand.............................................      30,280    15.34     31,900     14.21
     Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders......................     128,600    18.92     39,360     17.89
    Cutting workers...................................................................      71,420    16.87     35,090     16.26
     Cutters and trimmers, hand.......................................................      10,580    15.19     31,600     14.13
     Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders......................      60,840    17.16     35,700     16.64
    Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and                                                
     tenders..........................................................................      72,870    17.69     36,800     16.89
    Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders......................      17,730    19.52     40,610     18.83
    Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers..............................     557,510    20.20     42,010     18.39
    Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers.....................................      25,910    20.95     43,570     18.96
    Medical, dental, and ophthalmic laboratory technicians............................      77,110    19.15     39,840     17.64
     Dental laboratory technicians....................................................      34,480    20.76     43,180     19.44
     Medical appliance technicians....................................................      14,670    20.28     42,180     18.84
     Ophthalmic laboratory technicians................................................      27,960    16.58     34,490     15.30
    Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders...............................     395,330    15.74     32,740     14.50
    Painting workers..................................................................     156,470    19.16     39,850     17.70
     Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders..........      88,560    17.55     36,510     16.73
     Painters, transportation equipment...............................................      55,710    22.34     46,460     20.33
     Painting, coating, and decorating workers........................................      12,200    16.33     33,960     14.93
    Semiconductor processors..........................................................      25,730    19.14     39,810     17.92
    Photographic process workers and processing machine operators.....................      16,680    16.78     34,910     14.03
    Miscellaneous production workers..................................................     796,900    16.02     33,320     14.53
     Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders...................................      16,310    17.23     35,850     16.26
     Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders............      17,630    15.91     33,090     14.80
     Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders.............................       8,820    16.60     34,520     15.58
     Etchers and engravers............................................................       8,600    16.61     34,550     15.06
     Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic..........................      42,500    16.92     35,190     16.03
     Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders..............................      97,960    19.38     40,320     18.62
     Tire builders....................................................................      23,920    21.89     45,530     22.42
     Helpers--production workers......................................................     350,410    14.12     29,380     13.33
     Production workers, all other....................................................     230,760    16.58     34,490     14.50
                                                                                                                                
Transportation and material moving occupations                                          10,244,260    18.41     38,290     15.74
   Supervisors of transportation and material moving workers..........................     419,980    27.92     58,070     26.67
    Aircraft cargo handling supervisors...............................................       8,920    26.49     55,110     23.37
    First-line supervisors of transportation and material moving workers, except 
     aircraft cargo handling supervisors..............................................     411,060    27.95     58,140     26.73
   Air transportation workers.........................................................     271,890     ()     101,910      () 
    Aircraft pilots and flight engineers..............................................     120,760     ()     146,660      ()
     Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers...................................      82,890     ()     169,560      () 
     Commercial pilots................................................................      37,870     ()      96,530      () 
    Air traffic controllers and airfield operations specialists.......................      32,360    48.61    101,100     46.11
     Air traffic controllers..........................................................      22,390    58.09    120,830     59.87
     Airfield operations specialists..................................................       9,960    27.29     56,760     25.10
    Flight attendants.................................................................     118,770     ()      56,630      () 
   Motor vehicle operators............................................................   4,088,870    18.94     39,400     17.85
    Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians............      15,380    13.95     29,010     12.38
    Bus drivers.......................................................................     678,260    17.44     36,280     16.56
     Bus drivers, transit and intercity...............................................     174,110    21.47     44,650     20.23
     Bus drivers, school or special client............................................     504,150    16.05     33,390     15.58
    Driver/sales workers and truck drivers............................................   3,130,500    19.68     40,920     18.66
     Driver/sales workers.............................................................     414,860    14.24     29,610     11.88
     Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers..........................................   1,800,330    21.91     45,570     21.00
     Light truck or delivery services drivers.........................................     915,310    17.75     36,920     15.78
    Taxi drivers and chauffeurs.......................................................     207,920    13.68     28,450     12.49
    Motor vehicle operators, all other................................................      56,810    17.14     35,640     14.60
   Rail transportation workers........................................................     109,460    30.95     64,380     29.69
    Locomotive engineers and operators................................................      41,090    31.37     65,240     29.41
     Locomotive engineers.............................................................      34,850    32.17     66,920     29.86
     Locomotive firers................................................................         560    33.19     69,030     30.69
     Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers..............................       5,690    26.27     54,640     25.30
    Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators......................................      14,270    28.31     58,890     27.53
    Railroad conductors and yardmasters...............................................      42,360    31.77     66,080     30.26
    Subway and streetcar operators....................................................       8,850    30.28     62,970     32.78
    Rail transportation workers, all other............................................       2,890    28.12     58,490     26.64
   Water transportation workers.......................................................      79,860    31.75     66,040     26.16
    Sailors and marine oilers.........................................................      32,220    22.20     46,180     19.66
    Ship and boat captains and operators..............................................      38,910    38.61     80,310     32.40
     Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels.....................................      36,390    39.61     82,380     33.26
     Motorboat operators..............................................................       2,510    24.21     50,350     24.18
    Ship engineers....................................................................       8,740    36.40     75,710     34.20
   Other transportation workers.......................................................     363,130    15.61     32,460     12.23
    Bridge and lock tenders...........................................................       3,170    22.91     47,660     24.19
    Parking lot attendants............................................................     145,900    12.08     25,130     11.47
    Automotive and watercraft service attendants......................................     113,760    12.47     25,940     11.64
    Traffic technicians...............................................................       7,290    24.38     50,700     22.39
    Transportation inspectors.........................................................      29,990    36.22     75,330     35.47
    Transportation attendants, except flight attendants...............................      25,460    14.73     30,640     12.87
    Transportation workers, all other.................................................      37,560    20.61     42,870     18.03
   Material moving workers............................................................   4,911,060    15.17     31,560     13.74
    Conveyor operators and tenders....................................................      23,390    16.88     35,110     15.86
    Crane and tower operators.........................................................      44,410    27.96     58,160     26.03
    Dredge, excavating, and loading machine operators.................................      49,780    23.46     48,790     21.44
     Dredge operators.................................................................       1,190    22.84     47,500     21.76
     Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators............................      46,090    23.40     48,680     21.28
     Loading machine operators, underground mining....................................       2,500    24.73     51,450     24.60
    Hoist and winch operators.........................................................       3,180    27.11     56,390     21.87
    Industrial truck and tractor operators............................................     604,130    17.54     36,480     16.71
    Laborers and material movers, hand................................................   4,002,390    14.32     29,790     13.02
     Cleaners of vehicles and equipment...............................................     378,850    12.93     26,900     11.79
     Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand...........................   2,893,180    14.85     30,890     13.59
     Machine feeders and offbearers...................................................      66,380    15.24     31,710     14.21
     Packers and packagers, hand......................................................     663,970    12.74     26,490     11.82
    Pumping station operators.........................................................      27,560    25.24     52,510     24.47
     Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators.................................       3,460    30.24     62,900     31.35
     Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers..........................................      10,820    22.84     47,510     21.34
     Wellhead pumpers.................................................................      13,280    25.90     53,870     25.72
    Refuse and recyclable material collectors.........................................     118,520    19.50     40,560     17.92
    Mine shuttle car operators........................................................       1,690    26.99     56,150     27.09
    Tank car, truck, and ship loaders.................................................       9,000    20.35     42,330     18.38
    Material moving workers, all other................................................      27,010    16.83     35,000     14.14

  (1) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080
hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from
the reported survey data.

  () Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual
salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

  () Represents a wage equal to or greater than $100.00 per hour.



Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: March 29, 2019