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Economic News Release
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Table 1. National employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics survey by occupation, May 2022


Table 1.  National employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics survey by occupation, May 2022
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                          Median
                                     Occupation                                         Employment        Mean wages      hourly
                                                                                                     Hourly    Annual(1)   wages
                                                                                                                                
All occupations                                                                        147,886,000   $29.76    $61,900    $22.26
                                                                                                                                
Management occupations                                                                   9,860,740    63.08    131,200     51.62
   Top executives.....................................................................   3,618,820    62.04    129,050     48.02
    Chief executives..................................................................     199,240   118.48    246,440     91.12
    General and operations managers...................................................   3,376,680    59.07    122,860     47.16
    Legislators.......................................................................      42,890     ()      71,100      ()
   Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers...........     977,490    73.23    152,320     63.86
    Advertising and promotions managers...............................................      22,010    70.70    147,050     61.46
    Marketing and sales managers......................................................     864,970    73.79    153,470     64.37
     Marketing managers...............................................................     328,570    76.10    158,280     67.33
     Sales managers...................................................................     536,390    72.37    150,530     62.79
    Public relations and fundraising managers.........................................      90,510    68.56    142,610     60.40
     Public relations managers........................................................      64,280    72.13    150,030     62.23
     Fundraising managers.............................................................      26,240    59.83    124,450     51.63
   Operations specialties managers....................................................   2,322,010    71.25    148,190     62.96
    Administrative services and facilities managers...................................     353,550    54.06    112,440     48.98
     Administrative services managers.................................................     236,570    55.59    115,640     49.68
     Facilities managers..............................................................     116,980    50.95    105,970     47.61
    Computer and information systems managers.........................................     533,220    83.49    173,670     78.88
    Financial managers................................................................     740,780    79.83    166,050     67.21
    Industrial production managers....................................................     211,710    58.13    120,900     51.71
    Purchasing managers...............................................................      75,070    67.62    140,650     63.15
    Transportation, storage, and distribution managers................................     169,910    52.36    108,910     47.39
    Compensation and benefits managers................................................      16,850    68.82    143,140     63.11
    Human resources managers..........................................................     181,360    70.07    145,750     62.50
    Training and development managers.................................................      39,550    63.51    132,100     57.69
   Other management occupations.......................................................   2,942,420    54.53    113,420     47.95
    Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers................................       6,250    40.29     83,790     36.42
    Construction managers.............................................................     303,220    54.22    112,790     48.79
    Education and childcare administrators............................................     563,170    49.70    103,370     47.08
     Education and childcare administrators, preschool and daycare....................      60,010    27.70     57,610     23.89
     Education administrators, kindergarten through secondary.........................     285,910     ()     106,690      ()
     Education administrators, postsecondary..........................................     167,060    55.38    115,180     48.05
     Education administrators, all other..............................................      50,180    47.99     99,820     42.85
    Architectural and engineering managers............................................     197,180    78.52    163,310     76.88
    Food service managers.............................................................     231,100    32.27     67,130     29.48
    Entertainment and recreation managers.............................................      27,750    39.68     82,530     34.34
     Gambling managers................................................................       4,800    46.07     95,830     38.80
     Entertainment and recreation managers, except gambling...........................      22,950    38.34     79,750     32.32
    Lodging managers..................................................................      39,870    35.21     73,230     29.76
    Medical and health services managers..............................................     476,750    61.53    127,980     50.40
    Natural sciences managers.........................................................      82,570    78.66    163,610     69.44
    Postmasters and mail superintendents..............................................      13,460    40.48     84,190     39.79
    Property, real estate, and community association managers.........................     261,120    36.59     76,110     29.17
    Social and community service managers.............................................     162,880    38.13     79,310     35.69
    Emergency management directors....................................................      11,290    42.74     88,890     38.07
    Personal service managers.........................................................      22,520    36.18     75,250     29.86
     Funeral home managers............................................................      13,680    40.76     84,770     34.67
     Personal service managers, all other.............................................       8,840    29.09     60,510     26.97
    Managers, all other...............................................................     543,290    67.88    141,190     61.84
                                                                                                                                
Business and financial operations occupations                                            9,677,720    41.39     86,080     36.95
   Business operations specialists....................................................   6,660,810    40.04     83,280     36.56
    Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes.................      13,130    57.74    120,100     39.68
    Buyers and purchasing agents......................................................     464,880    36.13     75,140     32.51
    Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators........................     296,700    35.25     73,320     34.63
     Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators...................................     285,270    35.28     73,380     34.73
     Insurance appraisers, auto damage................................................      11,430    34.42     71,580     33.36
    Compliance officers...............................................................     359,640    37.01     76,980     34.47
    Cost estimators...................................................................     225,310    36.89     76,740     34.23
    Human resources workers...........................................................     898,110    35.61     74,060     31.25
     Human resources specialists......................................................     835,360    35.13     73,080     30.88
     Farm labor contractors...........................................................         550    26.26     54,630     23.72
     Labor relations specialists......................................................      62,200    42.05     87,470     39.43
    Logisticians and project management specialists...................................   1,046,880    46.95     97,660     42.33
     Logisticians.....................................................................     202,970    39.05     81,220     37.27
     Project management specialists...................................................     843,910    48.85    101,610     45.85
    Management analysts...............................................................     808,860    50.32    104,660     45.81
    Meeting, convention, and event planners...........................................     112,070    28.24     58,750     25.27
    Fundraisers.......................................................................      94,630    32.06     66,670     29.42
    Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists..............................      93,550    36.50     75,920     32.59
    Training and development specialists..............................................     367,180    33.59     69,870     30.33
    Market research analysts and marketing specialists................................     798,620    37.92     78,880     32.80
    Business operations specialists, all other........................................   1,081,230    39.75     82,670     36.53
   Financial specialists..............................................................   3,016,910    44.37     92,290     37.59
    Accountants and auditors..........................................................   1,402,420    41.70     86,740     37.50
    Property appraisers and assessors.................................................      59,970    38.68     80,460     29.60
    Budget analysts...................................................................      48,430    42.16     87,680     39.55
    Credit analysts...................................................................      71,960    44.32     92,180     37.91
    Financial analysts and advisors...................................................     736,130    56.14    116,770     43.60
     Financial and investment analysts................................................     291,370    52.30    108,790     45.71
     Personal financial advisors......................................................     283,060    66.22    137,740     45.86
     Insurance underwriters...........................................................     105,900    39.90     82,990     36.65
     Financial risk specialists.......................................................      55,800    55.84    116,140     49.10
    Financial examiners...............................................................      63,370    45.97     95,610     39.52
    Credit counselors and loan officers...............................................     374,640    39.25     81,640     30.60
     Credit counselors................................................................      29,090    24.83     51,650     22.75
     Loan officers....................................................................     345,550    40.46     84,160     31.60
    Tax examiners, collectors and preparers, and revenue agents.......................     132,980    28.42     59,100     24.92
     Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents.................................      50,610    30.97     64,410     27.86
     Tax preparers....................................................................      82,370    26.85     55,840     23.20
    Financial specialists, all other..................................................     127,020    40.18     83,580     35.48
                                                                                                                                
Computer and mathematical occupations                                                    5,003,910    51.99    108,130     48.29
   Computer occupations...............................................................   4,677,500    51.97    108,100     48.33
    Computer and information analysts.................................................     668,900    53.15    110,550     50.11
     Computer systems analysts........................................................     505,210    51.70    107,530     49.15
     Information security analysts....................................................     163,690    57.63    119,860     53.85
    Computer and information research scientists......................................      33,780    74.94    155,880     65.69
    Computer support specialists......................................................     865,750    30.97     64,410     28.68
     Computer network support specialists.............................................     168,920    36.57     76,060     32.72
     Computer user support specialists................................................     696,830    29.61     61,580     27.83
    Database and network administrators and architects................................     642,840    53.08    110,400     49.65
     Computer network architects......................................................     173,920    62.25    129,490     61.01
     Database administrators..........................................................      80,520    49.29    102,530     48.03
     Database architects..............................................................      62,470    65.65    136,540     64.84
     Network and computer systems administrators......................................     325,930    46.71     97,160     43.52
    Software and web developers, programmers, and testers.............................   2,049,920    60.07    124,940     54.90
     Computer programmers.............................................................     132,740    49.42    102,790     47.02
     Software developers..............................................................   1,534,790    63.91    132,930     61.18
     Software quality assurance analysts and testers..................................     196,420    50.84    105,750     47.89
     Web developers...................................................................      88,620    42.11     87,580     37.78
     Web and digital interface designers..............................................      97,350    48.91    101,740     40.02
    Computer occupations, all other...................................................     416,320    50.32    104,660     47.47
   Mathematical science occupations...................................................     326,400    52.22    108,620     47.88
    Actuaries.........................................................................      25,010    61.34    127,580     54.80
    Mathematicians....................................................................       2,070    54.74    113,860     53.90
    Operations research analysts......................................................     105,080    46.07     95,820     41.21
    Statisticians.....................................................................      30,780    50.73    105,510     47.56
    Data scientists...................................................................     159,630    55.40    115,240     49.76
    Mathematical science occupations, all other.......................................       3,840    39.50     82,160     34.47
                                                                                                                            
Architecture and engineering occupations                                                 2,481,170    45.52     94,670     40.24
   Architects, surveyors, and cartographers...........................................     186,640    41.67     86,670     37.98
    Architects, except naval..........................................................     125,610    45.10     93,810     39.25
     Architects, except landscape and naval...........................................     107,490    46.40     96,510     39.83
     Landscape architects.............................................................      18,120    37.41     77,820     35.20
    Surveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetrists...................................      61,030    34.61     71,980     31.11
     Cartographers and photogrammetrists..............................................      13,270    36.20     75,300     34.56
     Surveyors........................................................................      47,770    34.16     71,060     30.33
   Engineers..........................................................................   1,659,230    51.53    107,170     48.09
    Aerospace engineers...............................................................      61,580    61.10    127,090     61.00
    Agricultural engineers............................................................       1,500    43.61     90,710     40.03
    Bioengineers and biomedical engineers.............................................      19,210    51.95    108,060     47.86
    Chemical engineers................................................................      20,380    56.64    117,820     51.09
    Civil engineers...................................................................     307,570    46.82     97,380     43.24
    Computer hardware engineers.......................................................      74,640    67.71    140,830     63.64
    Electrical and electronics engineers..............................................     288,860    55.62    115,680     50.29
     Electrical engineers.............................................................     182,210    54.83    114,050     49.67
     Electronics engineers, except computer...........................................     106,640    56.95    118,460     52.00
    Environmental engineers...........................................................      45,440    48.88    101,670     46.41
    Industrial engineers, including health and safety.................................     342,920    47.54     98,880     46.44
     Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors.......      21,520    49.79    103,570     48.40
     Industrial engineers.............................................................     321,400    47.39     98,560     46.32
    Marine engineers and naval architects.............................................       7,450    50.75    105,560     46.59
    Materials engineers...............................................................      21,510    50.69    105,420     48.15
    Mechanical engineers..............................................................     277,560    48.47    100,820     46.31
    Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers................       7,390    48.70    101,290     46.87
    Nuclear engineers.................................................................      12,250    59.88    124,540     58.89
    Petroleum engineers...............................................................      20,540    68.66    142,800     63.37
    Engineers, all other..............................................................     150,420    53.50    111,280     50.29
   Drafters, engineering technicians, and mapping technicians.........................     635,300    30.95     64,370     29.37
    Drafters..........................................................................     192,410    30.43     63,300     29.04
     Architectural and civil drafters.................................................     105,960    29.64     61,660     28.76
     Electrical and electronics drafters..............................................      20,930    33.00     68,640     30.89
     Mechanical drafters..............................................................      47,540    31.59     65,700     29.48
     Drafters, all other..............................................................      17,980    29.02     60,370     27.71
    Engineering technologists and technicians, except drafters........................     386,310    32.10     66,780     30.06
     Aerospace engineering and operations technologists and technicians...............       9,750    37.05     77,060     35.78
     Civil engineering technologists and technicians..................................      62,350    29.56     61,480     28.67
     Electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians..............      99,050    34.04     70,810     31.92
     Electro-mechanical and mechatronics technologists and technicians................      14,540    31.69     65,920     29.12
     Environmental engineering technologists and technicians..........................      13,400    27.90     58,020     24.51
     Industrial engineering technologists and technicians.............................      66,560    30.52     63,470     29.43
     Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians.............................      39,610    31.02     64,530     29.80
     Calibration technologists and technicians........................................      10,790    32.31     67,200     29.83
     Engineering technologists and technicians, except drafters, all other............      70,250    33.92     70,550     31.50
    Surveying and mapping technicians.................................................      56,580    24.79     51,570     22.68
                                                                                                                                
Life, physical, and social science occupations                                           1,314,360    40.21     83,640     35.74
   Life scientists....................................................................     318,780    46.56     96,840     39.93
    Agricultural and food scientists..................................................      33,250    39.06     81,250     36.03
     Animal scientists................................................................       2,520    41.28     85,870     33.36
     Food scientists and technologists................................................      14,720    41.22     85,730     38.39
     Soil and plant scientists........................................................      16,010    36.73     76,410     31.60
    Biological scientists.............................................................     124,910    46.38     96,460     41.35
     Biochemists and biophysicists....................................................      32,500    55.16    114,740     49.91
     Microbiologists..................................................................      19,710    42.77     88,950     39.42
     Zoologists and wildlife biologists...............................................      17,410    34.91     72,610     32.42
     Biological scientists, all other.................................................      55,300    46.11     95,920     41.97
    Conservation scientists and foresters.............................................      32,320    33.32     69,310     30.97
     Conservation scientists..........................................................      22,880    33.56     69,810     30.99
     Foresters........................................................................       9,430    32.74     68,090     30.87
    Medical scientists................................................................     119,980    52.27    108,720     46.74
     Epidemiologists..................................................................       9,430    41.29     85,880     37.75
     Medical scientists, except epidemiologists.......................................     110,550    53.21    110,670     48.04
    Life scientists, all other........................................................       8,320    48.26    100,370     40.35
   Physical scientists................................................................     251,060    46.91     97,570     40.27
    Astronomers and physicists........................................................      21,000    71.06    147,800     66.93
     Astronomers......................................................................       2,160    61.28    127,460     61.70
     Physicists.......................................................................      18,840    72.18    150,130     68.68
    Atmospheric and space scientists..................................................       9,900    45.01     93,610     40.28
    Chemists and materials scientists.................................................      91,570    44.33     92,210     39.33
     Chemists.........................................................................      83,940    43.53     90,530     38.78
     Materials scientists.............................................................       7,620    53.22    110,690     50.18
    Environmental scientists and geoscientists........................................     108,780    42.96     89,350     37.85
     Environmental scientists and specialists, including health.......................      77,270    40.30     83,820     36.77
     Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers...............................      25,230    50.27    104,560     42.06
     Hydrologists.....................................................................       6,270    46.30     96,300     41.34
    Physical scientists, all other....................................................      19,820    55.88    116,230     51.91
   Social scientists and related workers..............................................     256,110    45.46     94,560     40.39
    Economists........................................................................      16,370    61.63    128,180     54.78
    Survey researchers................................................................       7,880    31.94     66,440     29.04
    Psychologists.....................................................................     138,310    46.25     96,190     41.02
     Industrial-organizational psychologists..........................................       1,280    69.52    144,610     66.96
     Clinical and counseling psychologists............................................      62,880    49.40    102,740     43.33
     School psychologists.............................................................      60,250    42.09     87,550     39.18
     Psychologists, all other.........................................................      13,900    47.87     99,560     51.16
    Sociologists......................................................................       2,980    48.71    101,310     47.40
    Urban and regional planners.......................................................      39,880    39.63     82,420     38.24
    Miscellaneous social scientists and related workers...............................      50,690    44.61     92,800     41.38
     Anthropologists and archeologists................................................       7,350    32.84     68,310     30.74
     Geographers......................................................................       1,360    42.77     88,960     42.74
     Historians.......................................................................       3,120    35.05     72,900     31.03
     Political scientists.............................................................       5,660    60.64    126,140     61.55
     Social scientists and related workers, all other.................................      33,210    45.46     94,560     42.74
   Life, physical, and social science technicians.....................................     355,310    26.88     55,900     23.94
    Agricultural and food science technicians.........................................      27,490    23.37     48,610     22.18
     Agricultural technicians.........................................................      13,140    21.94     45,640     20.08
     Food science technicians.........................................................      14,350    24.68     51,320     23.01
    Biological technicians............................................................      73,710    25.75     53,560     23.87
    Chemical technicians..............................................................      56,030    27.01     56,180     24.44
    Environmental science and geoscience technicians..................................      46,010    26.99     56,140     23.38
     Environmental science and protection technicians, including health...............      33,920    25.95     53,970     23.26
     Geological technicians, except hydrologic technicians............................       9,170    29.24     60,810     23.31
     Hydrologic technicians...........................................................       2,920    32.04     66,640     28.06
    Nuclear technicians...............................................................       5,880    46.65     97,040     48.28
    Social science research assistants................................................      28,720    27.77     57,760     24.26
    Forest and conservation technicians...............................................      29,120    21.64     45,000     19.96
    Miscellaneous life, physical, and social science technicians......................      88,360    28.88     60,070     25.66
     Forensic science technicians.....................................................      17,590    33.30     69,260     30.64
     Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other........................      70,770    27.78     57,790     24.18
   Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians.........................     133,100    37.86     78,750     36.17
    Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians........................     133,100    37.86     78,750     36.17
     Occupational health and safety specialists.......................................     109,430    39.47     82,110     37.77
     Occupational health and safety technicians.......................................      23,670    30.40     63,230     27.87

Community and social service occupations                                                 2,313,620    26.81     55,760     23.74
   Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists.....   2,225,730    26.76     55,660     23.72
    Counselors........................................................................     834,740    28.08     58,400     24.61
     Educational, guidance, and career counselors and advisors........................     308,000    30.87     64,200     28.92
     Marriage and family therapists...................................................      62,080    30.44     63,300     27.20
     Rehabilitation counselors........................................................      82,420    22.13     46,020     19.23
     Substance abuse, behavioral disorder, and mental health counselors...............     344,970    27.03     56,230     23.90
     Counselors, all other............................................................      37,270    23.93     49,770     20.86
    Social workers....................................................................     689,750    28.58     59,440     26.61
     Child, family, and school social workers.........................................     344,770    27.25     56,680     24.43
     Healthcare social workers........................................................     182,420    30.17     62,760     28.98
     Mental health and substance abuse social workers.................................     107,940    28.91     60,130     24.63
     Social workers, all other........................................................      54,620    30.94     64,360     29.53
    Miscellaneous community and social service specialists............................     701,240    23.40     48,680     21.18
     Health education specialists.....................................................      56,190    32.07     66,710     28.84
     Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists........................      89,920    31.21     64,920     28.78
     Social and human service assistants..............................................     399,560    20.00     41,600     18.52
     Community health workers.........................................................      61,300    23.99     49,900     22.21
     Community and social service specialists, all other..............................      94,270    24.82     51,620     22.74
   Religious workers..................................................................      87,890    28.11     58,480     24.37
    Clergy............................................................................      53,140    28.93     60,180     26.71
    Directors, religious activities and education.....................................      24,030    29.11     60,540     23.74
    Religious workers, all other......................................................      10,720    21.84     45,420     18.93

Legal occupations                                                                        1,216,600    59.87    124,540     45.76
   Lawyers, judges, and related workers...............................................     771,200    76.78    159,710     64.19
    Lawyers and judicial law clerks...................................................     722,710    77.73    161,680     64.49
     Lawyers..........................................................................     707,160    78.74    163,770     65.26
     Judicial law clerks..............................................................      15,540    31.88     66,310     27.64
    Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers...................................      48,500    62.68    130,380     54.61
     Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers....................      12,490    46.75     97,250     45.67
     Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators.........................................       7,780    47.56     98,920     30.78
     Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates.......................................      28,230    73.90    153,700     72.61
   Legal support workers..............................................................     445,400    30.60     63,640     28.28
    Paralegals and legal assistants...................................................     345,240    30.21     62,840     28.46
    Miscellaneous legal support workers...............................................     100,160    31.92     66,390     27.33
     Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers......................................      53,680    27.42     57,030     24.28
     Legal support workers, all other.................................................      46,480    37.11     77,200     29.97

Educational instruction and library occupations                                          8,496,780    30.41     63,240     27.64
   Postsecondary teachers.............................................................   1,380,290     ()      96,130      ()
    Business teachers, postsecondary..................................................      78,410     ()     108,060      ()
    Math and computer science teachers, postsecondary.................................      80,430     ()      93,690      ()
     Computer science teachers, postsecondary.........................................      33,870     ()      98,610      ()
     Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary.....................................      46,560     ()      90,110      ()
    Engineering and architecture teachers, postsecondary..............................      42,440     ()     112,940      ()
     Architecture teachers, postsecondary.............................................       6,420     ()     104,370      ()
     Engineering teachers, postsecondary..............................................      36,010     ()     114,470      ()
    Life sciences teachers, postsecondary.............................................      59,420     ()      97,650      ()
     Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary....................................       8,240     ()      96,650      ()
     Biological science teachers, postsecondary.......................................      49,920     ()      97,800      ()
     Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary........................       1,270     ()      98,160      ()
    Physical sciences teachers, postsecondary.........................................      50,900     ()      98,880      ()
     Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary...........      11,150     ()     107,540      ()
     Chemistry teachers, postsecondary................................................      20,650     ()      95,250      ()
     Environmental science teachers, postsecondary....................................       6,240     ()      91,450      ()
     Physics teachers, postsecondary..................................................      12,860     ()     100,810      ()
    Social sciences teachers, postsecondary...........................................     112,710     ()      94,480      ()
     Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary..............................       4,930     ()      98,940      ()
     Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary.......................       9,340     ()      92,980      ()
     Economics teachers, postsecondary................................................      11,640     ()     122,750      ()
     Geography teachers, postsecondary................................................       3,340     ()      87,880      ()
     Political science teachers, postsecondary........................................      15,190     ()      98,420      ()
     Psychology teachers, postsecondary...............................................      40,050     ()      88,470      ()
     Sociology teachers, postsecondary................................................      12,030     ()      90,200      ()
     Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other...............................      16,200     ()      89,350      ()
    Health teachers, postsecondary....................................................     276,880     ()     116,780      ()
     Health specialties teachers, postsecondary.......................................     207,700     ()     127,640      ()
     Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary..................................      69,190     ()      84,180      ()
    Education and library science teachers, postsecondary.............................      62,610     ()      78,770      ()
     Education teachers, postsecondary................................................      58,280     ()      78,540      ()
     Library science teachers, postsecondary..........................................       4,330     ()      81,720      ()
    Law, criminal justice, and social work teachers, postsecondary....................      40,780     ()      97,900      ()
     Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary.....................      13,900     ()      78,980      ()
     Law teachers, postsecondary......................................................      14,830     ()     133,950      ()
     Social work teachers, postsecondary..............................................      12,050     ()      75,330      ()
    Arts, communications, history, and humanities teachers, postsecondary.............     242,260     ()      88,260      ()
     Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary....................................      97,830     ()      93,440      ()
     Communications teachers, postsecondary...........................................      27,350     ()      84,700      ()
     English language and literature teachers, postsecondary..........................      57,680     ()      83,130      ()
     Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary..........................      19,520     ()      83,300      ()
     History teachers, postsecondary..................................................      18,250     ()      88,640      ()
     Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary..................................      21,620     ()      87,100      ()
    Miscellaneous postsecondary teachers..............................................     333,440     ()      83,240      ()
     Family and consumer sciences teachers, postsecondary.............................       2,420     ()      89,840      ()
     Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary...........................      13,400     ()      82,020      ()
     Career/technical education teachers, postsecondary...............................     103,100    31.49     65,500     28.77
     Postsecondary teachers, all other................................................     214,520     ()      91,760      ()
   Preschool, elementary, middle, secondary, and special education teachers...........   4,177,640     ()      65,580      ()
    Preschool and kindergarten teachers...............................................     534,610    21.42     44,540     17.79
     Preschool teachers, except special education.....................................     415,360    18.58     38,640     16.99
     Kindergarten teachers, except special education..................................     119,250     ()      65,120      ()
    Elementary and middle school teachers.............................................   2,016,430     ()      67,930      ()
     Elementary school teachers, except special education.............................   1,394,200     ()      68,000      ()
     Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education............     611,120     ()      67,790      ()
     Career/technical education teachers, middle school...............................      11,110     ()      67,680      ()
    Secondary school teachers.........................................................   1,130,370     ()      69,330      ()
     Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education.........   1,042,090     ()      69,480      ()
     Career/technical education teachers, secondary school............................      88,280     ()      67,610      ()
    Special education teachers........................................................     496,220     ()      70,110      ()
     Special education teachers, preschool............................................      22,970     ()      69,620      ()
     Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school...................     195,010     ()      68,580      ()
     Special education teachers, middle school........................................      82,970     ()      69,530      ()
     Special education teachers, secondary school.....................................     152,490     ()      71,290      ()
     Special education teachers, all other............................................      42,780     ()      74,310      ()
   Other teachers and instructors.....................................................     977,300    23.41     48,700     18.51
    Adult basic education, adult secondary education, and English as a second                                                   
     language instructors.............................................................      36,490    30.35     63,130     28.17
    Self-enrichment teachers..........................................................     248,150    24.19     50,320     21.21
    Substitute teachers, short-term...................................................     397,200    20.52     42,680     16.95
    Tutors............................................................................     174,980    21.55     44,820     17.63
    Teachers and instructors, all other...............................................     120,480     ()      66,450      ()
   Librarians, curators, and archivists...............................................     236,090    27.28     56,750     24.62
    Archivists, curators, and museum technicians......................................      31,080    29.28     60,900     25.68
     Archivists.......................................................................       7,230    30.76     63,980     28.19
     Curators.........................................................................      11,620    32.45     67,490     29.03
     Museum technicians and conservators..............................................      12,240    25.40     52,820     22.72
    Librarians and media collections specialists......................................     131,680    31.14     64,770     29.65
    Library technicians...............................................................      73,330    19.52     40,590     18.08
   Other educational instruction and library occupations..............................   1,725,460     ()      40,410      ()
    Farm and home management educators................................................       8,220    28.10     58,450     25.70
    Instructional coordinators........................................................     198,660    35.14     73,080     31.97
    Teaching assistants...............................................................   1,389,400     ()      34,530      ()
     Teaching assistants, postsecondary...............................................     135,160     ()      41,900      ()
     Teaching assistants, except postsecondary........................................   1,254,240     ()      33,740      ()
    Educational instruction and library workers, all other............................     129,170    25.12     52,250     22.91

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations                               2,063,380    36.78     76,500     27.90
   Art and design workers.............................................................     678,620    31.34     65,180     24.59
    Artists and related workers.......................................................     114,810    51.95    108,050     45.78
     Art directors....................................................................      54,470    59.76    124,310     50.57
     Craft artists....................................................................       4,760    23.65     49,180     18.34
     Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators....................      12,080    33.59     69,870     27.67
     Special effects artists and animators............................................      35,990    53.43    111,130     47.57
     Artists and related workers, all other...........................................       7,510    35.64     74,130     33.54
    Designers.........................................................................     563,810    27.14     56,450     22.59
     Commercial and industrial designers..............................................      30,450    39.30     81,740     36.50
     Fashion designers................................................................      20,560    41.23     85,760     36.87
     Floral designers.................................................................      42,840    16.50     34,310     15.94
     Graphic designers................................................................     211,890    31.01     64,500     27.88
     Interior designers...............................................................      64,290    32.43     67,460     29.61
     Merchandise displayers and window trimmers.......................................     173,110    18.33     38,120     17.01
     Set and exhibit designers........................................................       9,490    32.93     68,490     28.84
     Designers, all other.............................................................      11,180    36.75     76,430     31.44
   Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers............................     526,600    40.88     85,030     25.45
    Actors, producers, and directors..................................................     207,920    48.74    101,370     36.27
     Actors...........................................................................      54,160    36.06       ()      17.94
     Producers and directors..........................................................     153,770    53.20    110,660     41.02
    Athletes, coaches, umpires, and related workers...................................     243,620     ()      71,730      ()
     Athletes and sports competitors..................................................      11,930     ()     358,080      ()
     Coaches and scouts...............................................................     218,970     ()      57,450      ()
     Umpires, referees, and other sports officials....................................      12,720     ()      49,030      ()
    Dancers and choreographers........................................................      14,340    25.99     54,050     22.62
     Dancers..........................................................................       8,930    24.62       ()      21.64
     Choreographers...................................................................       5,400    28.24     58,740     24.52
    Musicians, singers, and related workers...........................................      43,440    49.05       ()      36.01
     Music directors and composers....................................................      11,690    45.88     95,430     30.26
     Musicians and singers............................................................      31,750    50.21       ()      39.14
    Miscellaneous entertainers and performers, sports and related workers.............      17,280    28.30       ()      20.90
     Disc jockeys, except radio.......................................................       5,640    25.48       ()      21.34
     Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other...............      11,640    29.67       ()      20.31
   Media and communication workers....................................................     630,340    40.81     84,890     31.85
    Broadcast announcers and radio disc jockeys.......................................      26,820    74.87    155,730     20.07
    News analysts, reporters, and journalists.........................................      44,530    41.49     86,290     26.90
    Public relations specialists......................................................     264,750    37.76     78,540     32.42
    Writers and editors...............................................................     204,060    41.86     87,070     36.10
     Editors..........................................................................     101,430    40.78     84,820     35.14
     Technical writers................................................................      48,620    41.71     86,760     38.44
     Writers and authors..............................................................      54,010    44.02     91,560     35.17
    Miscellaneous media and communication workers.....................................      90,190    36.94     76,830     27.97
     Interpreters and translators.....................................................      52,160    29.68     61,730     25.79
     Court reporters and simultaneous captioners......................................      14,240    33.79     70,290     30.56
     Media and communication workers, all other.......................................      23,780    54.73    113,840     31.25
   Media and communication equipment workers..........................................     227,810    32.36     67,310     25.40
    Broadcast, sound, and lighting technicians........................................     111,090    33.27     69,190     25.94
     Audio and video technicians......................................................      56,110    27.74     57,710     24.36
     Broadcast technicians............................................................      33,020    40.80     84,860     29.19
     Sound engineering technicians....................................................      13,420    36.34     75,590     29.17
     Lighting technicians.............................................................       8,540    35.59     74,020     29.64
    Photographers.....................................................................      47,380    24.14     50,210     19.31
    Television, video, and film camera operators and editors..........................      55,040    36.72     76,380     30.01
     Camera operators, television, video, and film....................................      22,970    33.63     69,940     27.99
     Film and video editors...........................................................      32,080    38.94     80,990     30.54
    Media and communication equipment workers, all other..............................      14,300    35.81     74,490     33.41
                                                                                                                                
Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations                                       9,043,070    46.52     96,770     37.38
   Healthcare diagnosing or treating practitioners....................................   5,965,270    57.21    118,990     45.05
    Chiropractors.....................................................................      37,740    40.25     83,720     36.24
    Dentists..........................................................................     136,970    86.97    180,900     76.70
     Dentists, general................................................................     120,740    82.83    172,290     74.54
     Oral and maxillofacial surgeons..................................................       4,290   148.76    309,410      ()
     Orthodontists....................................................................       6,310   104.00    216,320     83.83
     Dentists, all other specialists..................................................       5,250   112.23    233,430    102.28
    Dietitians and nutritionists......................................................      69,880    33.34     69,350     31.95
    Optometrists......................................................................      40,640    63.99    133,100     60.38
    Pharmacists.......................................................................     325,480    62.22    129,410     63.82
    Physician assistants..............................................................     140,910    60.23    125,270     60.58
    Podiatrists.......................................................................       9,320    75.95    157,970     71.50
    Therapists........................................................................     712,330    42.69     88,800     40.37
     Occupational therapists..........................................................     134,980    44.61     92,800     44.80
     Physical therapists..............................................................     229,740    47.10     97,960     46.98
     Radiation therapists.............................................................      15,510    47.28     98,340     43.04
     Recreational therapists..........................................................      15,920    27.07     56,310     24.68
     Respiratory therapists...........................................................     129,910    35.73     74,310     33.91
     Speech-language pathologists.....................................................     162,760    43.01     89,460     40.45
     Exercise physiologists...........................................................       6,580    26.84     55,820     24.69
     Therapists, all other............................................................      16,920    34.55     71,860     29.23
    Veterinarians.....................................................................      78,810    62.07    129,110     49.64
    Registered nurses.................................................................   3,072,700    42.80     89,010     39.05
    Nurse anesthetists................................................................      46,540    98.93    205,770     97.64
    Nurse midwives....................................................................       7,950    58.87    122,450     58.12
    Nurse practitioners...............................................................     258,230    59.94    124,680     58.47
    Audiologists......................................................................      13,940    43.02     89,490     39.75
    Physicians........................................................................     702,910   121.15    251,990    109.22
     Anesthesiologists................................................................      37,430   145.66    302,970      ()
     Cardiologists....................................................................      16,870   202.56    421,330      ()
     Dermatologists...................................................................      11,640   157.53    327,650      ()
     Emergency medicine physicians....................................................      29,260   152.21    316,600      ()
     Family medicine physicians.......................................................     100,940   107.91    224,460    101.59
     General internal medicine physicians.............................................      67,220   108.30    225,270    103.11
     Neurologists.....................................................................      11,340   122.84    255,510    107.82
     Obstetricians and gynecologists..................................................      21,450   133.33    277,320      ()
     Pediatricians, general...........................................................      33,430    97.71    203,240     91.51
     Physicians, pathologists.........................................................      12,320   121.56    252,850      ()
     Psychiatrists....................................................................      26,500   118.92    247,350    109.08
     Radiologists.....................................................................      29,250   158.21    329,080      ()
     Physicians, all other............................................................     305,260   114.76    238,700    107.41
    Surgeons..........................................................................      58,330   162.49    337,980      ()
     Ophthalmologists, except pediatric...............................................      12,580   127.62    265,450    105.68
     Orthopedic surgeons, except pediatric............................................      19,060   178.56    371,400      ()
     Pediatric surgeons...............................................................         780   174.51    362,970      ()
     Surgeons, all other..............................................................      25,910   167.25    347,870      ()
    Miscellaneous healthcare diagnosing or treating practitioners.....................     252,580    43.00     89,440     39.40
     Acupuncturists...................................................................       7,800    39.61     82,390     34.72
     Dental hygienists................................................................     214,700    40.80     84,860     39.14
     Healthcare diagnosing or treating practitioners, all other.......................      30,080    59.60    123,960     51.07
   Health technologists and technicians...............................................   2,949,600    25.59     53,230     23.35
    Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians.................................     333,600    28.43     59,130     27.59
    Diagnostic related technologists and technicians..................................     411,120    35.91     74,700     35.84
     Cardiovascular technologists and technicians.....................................      55,750    31.49     65,490     30.30
     Diagnostic medical sonographers..................................................      81,080    40.58     84,410     39.11
     Nuclear medicine technologists...................................................      16,910    43.08     89,610     41.01
     Radiologic technologists and technicians.........................................     215,820    33.77     70,240     31.32
     Magnetic resonance imaging technologists.........................................      38,380    39.20     81,530     38.51
     Medical dosimetrists.............................................................       3,190    62.06    129,080     62.01
    Emergency medical technicians and paramedics......................................     263,160    21.63     45,000     18.95
     Emergency medical technicians....................................................     167,720    19.29     40,120     17.64
     Paramedics.......................................................................      95,440    25.75     53,560     23.60
    Health practitioner support technologists and technicians.........................     866,480    20.48     42,600     18.64
     Dietetic technicians.............................................................      19,690    17.49     36,370     16.33
     Pharmacy technicians.............................................................     453,630    19.35     40,260     18.17
     Psychiatric technicians..........................................................     100,950    19.60     40,760     17.97
     Surgical technologists...........................................................     107,400    27.64     57,500     26.91
     Veterinary technologists and technicians.........................................     118,750    19.60     40,770     18.38
     Ophthalmic medical technicians...................................................      66,060    20.42     42,480     18.68
    Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses.................................     632,020    26.86     55,860     26.26
    Medical records specialists.......................................................     187,720    24.56     51,090     22.69
    Opticians, dispensing.............................................................      73,460    21.58     44,890     19.04
    Miscellaneous health technologists and technicians................................     182,030    25.39     52,810     22.08
     Orthotists and prosthetists......................................................       9,150    37.61     78,240     37.05
     Hearing aid specialists..........................................................      10,080    30.04     62,480     28.38
     Health technologists and technicians, all other..................................     162,800    24.42     50,790     21.63
   Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations...........................     128,200    31.05     64,580     27.76
    Health information technologists and medical registrars...........................      35,500    31.38     65,280     28.01
    Miscellaneous health practitioners and technical workers..........................      92,710    30.92     64,310     27.71
     Athletic trainers................................................................      29,720     ()      57,810      ()
     Genetic counselors...............................................................       3,220    44.77     93,120     43.26
     Surgical assistants..............................................................      18,650    29.42     61,200     27.54
     Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other........................      41,130    32.78     68,170     28.92
                                                                                                                               
Healthcare support occupations                                                           6,792,310    17.10     35,560     16.16
   Home health and personal care aides; and nursing assistants, orderlies, and                                                  
    psychiatric aides.................................................................   4,889,700    15.60     32,440     15.12
    Home health and personal care aides...............................................   3,504,230    14.87     30,930     14.51
    Nursing assistants, orderlies, and psychiatric aides..............................   1,385,470    17.44     36,270     17.19
     Nursing assistants...............................................................   1,310,090    17.41     36,220     17.19
     Orderlies........................................................................      44,790    17.34     36,070     16.60
     Psychiatric aides................................................................      30,590    18.57     38,620     17.86
   Occupational therapy and physical therapist assistants and aides...................     188,060    27.58     57,370     28.64
    Occupational therapy assistants and aides.........................................      47,520    30.99     64,470     30.51
     Occupational therapy assistants..................................................      43,810    31.86     66,280     30.89
     Occupational therapy aides.......................................................       3,710    20.71     43,090     17.82
    Physical therapist assistants and aides...........................................     140,540    26.43     54,980     27.52
     Physical therapist assistants....................................................      97,740    31.01     64,510     30.18
     Physical therapist aides.........................................................      42,800    15.97     33,210     15.10
   Other healthcare support occupations...............................................   1,714,550    20.23     42,070     18.66
    Massage therapists................................................................      86,270    27.43     57,060     23.97
    Miscellaneous healthcare support occupations......................................   1,628,280    19.84     41,280     18.53
     Dental assistants................................................................     363,880    21.50     44,710     21.55
     Medical assistants...............................................................     752,460    19.57     40,700     18.40
     Medical equipment preparers......................................................      63,890    21.61     44,940     19.94
     Medical transcriptionists........................................................      48,680    17.83     37,090     16.70
     Pharmacy aides...................................................................      43,230    17.24     35,870     15.99
     Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers...........................     111,880    16.58     34,490     16.70
     Phlebotomists....................................................................     137,090    19.51     40,580     18.53
     Healthcare support workers, all other............................................     107,170    20.91     43,490     19.43
                                                                                                                                
Protective service occupations                                                           3,437,610    25.97     54,010     21.85
   Supervisors of protective service workers..........................................     354,660    39.18     81,500     36.42
    First-line supervisors of law enforcement workers.................................     187,760    43.61     90,710     40.55
     First-line supervisors of correctional officers..................................      55,900    33.74     70,190     30.44
     First-line supervisors of police and detectives..................................     131,860    47.79     99,410     46.29
    First-line supervisors of firefighting and prevention workers.....................      84,040    40.78     84,810     38.53
    Miscellaneous first-line supervisors, protective service workers..................      82,860    27.54     57,280     25.41
     First-line supervisors of security workers.......................................      59,520    26.32     54,750     23.47
     First-line supervisors of protective service workers, all other..................      23,340    30.64     63,730     29.34
   Firefighting and prevention workers................................................     338,250    27.50     57,200     25.36
    Firefighters......................................................................     321,450    27.07     56,310     24.85
    Fire inspectors...................................................................      16,800    35.66     74,170     31.63
     Fire inspectors and investigators................................................      14,510    36.98     76,910     33.39
     Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists................................       2,290    27.30     56,780     23.13
   Law enforcement workers............................................................   1,161,080    32.49     67,580     29.66
    Bailiffs, correctional officers, and jailers......................................     379,720    26.33     54,760     23.85
     Bailiffs.........................................................................      16,470    26.29     54,680     23.60
     Correctional officers and jailers................................................     363,250    26.33     54,760     23.85
    Detectives and criminal investigators.............................................     107,400    44.04     91,610     41.48
    Fish and game wardens.............................................................       6,530    28.78     59,860     28.61
    Parking enforcement workers.......................................................       8,150    21.48     44,670     19.99
    Police officers...................................................................     659,270    34.33     71,410     31.64
     Police and sheriff's patrol officers.............................................     655,890    34.32     71,380     31.63
     Transit and railroad police......................................................       3,370    36.72     76,380     33.25
   Other protective service workers...................................................   1,583,620    17.89     37,220     16.66
    Animal control workers............................................................      11,490    21.05     43,780     18.90
    Private detectives and investigators..............................................      32,050    28.56     59,400     25.06
    Security guards and gambling surveillance officers................................   1,135,390    17.65     36,720     16.71
     Gambling surveillance officers and gambling investigators........................      10,500    18.89     39,290     17.30
     Security guards..................................................................   1,124,890    17.64     36,700     16.71
    Miscellaneous protective service workers..........................................     404,680    17.63     36,670     15.80
     Crossing guards and flaggers.....................................................      91,270    18.02     37,490     16.05
     Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers........     107,930    13.64     28,370     13.11
     Transportation security screeners................................................      47,550    23.33     48,520     22.94
     School bus monitors..............................................................      64,100    14.93     31,040     14.37
     Protective service workers, all other............................................      93,840    20.80     43,270     17.53
                                                                                                                                
Food preparation and serving related occupations                                        12,514,620    15.45     32,130     14.25
   Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers................................   1,329,810    20.83     43,330     18.24
    Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers...............................   1,329,810    20.83     43,330     18.24
     Chefs and head cooks.............................................................     160,190    28.95     60,210     27.17
     First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers...................   1,169,620    19.72     41,020     17.81
   Cooks and food preparation workers.................................................   3,521,670    15.26     31,730     14.71
    Cooks.............................................................................   2,617,340    15.42     32,080     14.86
     Cooks, fast food.................................................................     725,590    13.43     27,920     13.29
     Cooks, institution and cafeteria.................................................     417,780    16.19     33,670     15.63
     Cooks, private household.........................................................         610    21.88     45,510     18.54
     Cooks, restaurant................................................................   1,321,480    16.32     33,940     16.40
     Cooks, short order...............................................................     133,290    14.80     30,770     14.60
     Cooks, all other.................................................................      18,590    16.88     35,120     16.06
    Food preparation workers..........................................................     904,330    14.77     30,720     14.32
   Food and beverage serving workers..................................................   6,309,200    14.69     30,540     13.67
    Bartenders........................................................................     613,070    16.58     34,490     14.12
    Fast food and counter workers.....................................................   3,325,050    13.53     28,130     13.43
    Waiters and waitresses............................................................   2,122,210    15.87     33,020     14.00
    Food servers, nonrestaurant.......................................................     248,870    15.36     31,940     14.57
   Other food preparation and serving related workers.................................   1,353,950    14.23     29,600     13.82
    Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers........................     439,770    14.56     30,290     14.00
    Dishwashers.......................................................................     431,840    14.21     29,560     13.98
    Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop..........................     400,420    13.64     28,380     13.33
    Food preparation and serving related workers, all other...........................      81,930    15.38     31,990     14.83
                                                                                                                                
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations                                4,316,350    17.26     35,900     16.28
   Supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers...............     288,670    24.51     50,980     22.71
    First-line supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers...     288,670    24.51     50,980     22.71
     First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers....................     165,750    22.80     47,430     21.36
     First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers..     122,910    26.81     55,770     24.43
   Building cleaning and pest control workers.........................................   3,026,520    16.22     33,730     15.19
    Building cleaning workers.........................................................   2,935,360    16.09     33,470     15.07
     Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners....................   2,148,350    16.33     33,960     15.38
     Maids and housekeeping cleaners..................................................     771,390    15.35     31,920     14.40
     Building cleaning workers, all other.............................................      15,630    19.89     41,360     17.88
    Pest control workers..............................................................      91,160    20.29     42,210     18.42
   Grounds maintenance workers........................................................   1,001,160    18.32     38,100     17.39
    Grounds maintenance workers.......................................................   1,001,160    18.32     38,100     17.39
     Landscaping and groundskeeping workers...........................................     914,230    17.92     37,270     17.26
     Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation........................      22,740    20.46     42,560     19.93
     Tree trimmers and pruners........................................................      48,150    23.95     49,820     22.64
     Grounds maintenance workers, all other...........................................      16,050    21.03     43,750     19.00
                                                                                                                                
Personal care and service occupations                                                    2,835,650    17.41     36,210     15.07
   Supervisors of personal care and service workers...................................     205,440    23.46     48,790     21.80
    First-line supervisors of entertainment and recreation workers....................     100,950    24.19     50,310     22.47
     First-line supervisors of gambling services workers..............................      21,900    27.11     56,400     27.06
     First-line supervisors of entertainment and recreation workers, except 
      gambling services...............................................................      79,060    23.38     48,630     21.47
    First-line supervisors of personal service workers................................     104,480    22.75     47,330     21.00
   Animal care and service workers....................................................     274,380    15.76     32,780     14.32
    Animal trainers...................................................................      17,710    20.11     41,820     17.13
    Animal caretakers.................................................................     256,670    15.46     32,160     14.20
   Entertainment attendants and related workers.......................................     539,090    14.34     29,830     13.49
    Gambling services workers.........................................................      91,460    16.43     34,170     14.00
     Gambling dealers.................................................................      71,290    16.51     34,350     14.00
     Gambling and sports book writers and runners.....................................       7,910    15.53     32,310     13.91
     Gambling service workers, all other..............................................      12,260    16.51     34,340     14.59
    Motion picture projectionists.....................................................       1,900    17.17     35,710     16.04
    Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers.......................................      98,350    13.80     28,700     13.29
    Miscellaneous entertainment attendants and related workers........................     347,380    13.93     28,980     13.43
     Amusement and recreation attendants..............................................     324,580    13.63     28,350     13.36
     Costume attendants...............................................................       5,730    26.48     55,070     23.30
     Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants..............................      12,130    15.66     32,560     14.53
     Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other..........................       4,930    14.81     30,810     13.11
   Funeral service workers............................................................      63,770    21.64     45,010     17.94
    Embalmers and crematory operators.................................................       6,880    23.77     49,440     22.25
     Embalmers........................................................................       3,950    26.02     54,120     23.99
     Crematory operators..............................................................       2,930    20.73     43,120     19.40
    Funeral attendants................................................................      32,950    16.51     34,340     14.98
    Morticians, undertakers, and funeral arrangers....................................      23,940    28.09     58,430     24.79
   Personal appearance workers........................................................     521,210    18.61     38,720     16.00
    Barbers, hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists............................     310,750    18.72     38,930     16.06
     Barbers..........................................................................      12,690    18.92     39,350     16.82
     Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists...................................     298,050    18.71     38,910     16.01
    Miscellaneous personal appearance workers.........................................     210,460    18.46     38,400     15.87
     Makeup artists, theatrical and performance.......................................       2,970    45.12     93,850     46.33
     Manicurists and pedicurists......................................................     138,020    16.14     33,560     14.97
     Shampooers.......................................................................       7,480    13.40     27,870     13.40
     Skincare specialists.............................................................      61,990    22.98     47,790     18.30
   Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges..........................................      64,120    17.38     36,140     16.29
    Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges.........................................      64,120    17.38     36,140     16.29
     Baggage porters and bellhops.....................................................      26,520    15.93     33,130     15.15
     Concierges.......................................................................      37,600    18.40     38,270     17.10
   Tour and travel guides.............................................................      41,180    18.17     37,790     16.56
    Tour and travel guides............................................................      41,180    18.17     37,790     16.56
   Other personal care and service workers............................................   1,126,460    17.35     36,080     15.18
    Childcare workers.................................................................     459,460    14.22     29,570     13.71
    Recreation and fitness workers....................................................     520,920    20.13     41,870     16.91
     Exercise trainers and group fitness instructors..................................     250,540    24.12     50,170     21.82
     Recreation workers...............................................................     270,380    16.43     34,170     15.23
    Residential advisors..............................................................      86,770    18.04     37,530     17.17
    Personal care and service workers, all other......................................      59,310    16.14     33,580     16.67
                                                                                                                                
Sales and related occupations                                                           13,183,250    24.22     50,370     16.96
   Supervisors of sales workers.......................................................   1,334,680    28.10     58,450     22.98
    First-line supervisors of sales workers...........................................   1,334,680    28.10     58,450     22.98
     First-line supervisors of retail sales workers...................................   1,097,160    24.10     50,130     21.75
     First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers...............................     237,520    46.58     96,890     39.83
   Retail sales workers...............................................................   7,584,940    15.62     32,500     14.26
    Cashiers..........................................................................   3,314,840    13.83     28,760     13.58
     Cashiers.........................................................................   3,296,040    13.81     28,730     13.58
     Gambling change persons and booth cashiers.......................................      18,800    15.84     32,950     14.43
    Counter and rental clerks and parts salespersons..................................     630,050    18.89     39,290     17.22
     Counter and rental clerks........................................................     370,770    18.90     39,320     17.23
     Parts salespersons...............................................................     259,280    18.87     39,250     17.21
    Retail salespersons...............................................................   3,640,040    16.70     34,730     14.71
   Sales representatives, services....................................................   2,124,250    39.05     81,230     29.42
    Advertising sales agents..........................................................     106,560    35.22     73,260     28.10
    Insurance sales agents............................................................     445,540    37.00     76,950     27.82
    Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents......................     443,220    48.43    100,740     32.44
    Travel agents.....................................................................      53,180    23.20     48,250     22.31
    Sales representatives of services, except advertising, insurance, financial                                                 
     services, and travel.............................................................   1,075,750    37.21     77,390     30.00
   Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing.................................   1,564,230    39.92     83,030     32.57
    Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing................................   1,564,230    39.92     83,030     32.57
     Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific                                               
      products........................................................................     290,830    52.86    109,950     46.97
     Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and                                                   
      scientific products.............................................................   1,273,400    36.96     76,890     30.40
   Other sales and related workers....................................................     575,150    31.00     64,480     22.10
    Models, demonstrators, and product promoters......................................      45,480    19.34     40,230     16.75
     Demonstrators and product promoters..............................................      43,410    18.50     38,470     16.71
     Models...........................................................................       2,070    37.17     77,310     20.73
    Real estate brokers and sales agents..............................................     245,320    34.23     71,200     25.02
     Real estate brokers..............................................................      52,310    43.72     90,930     29.90
     Real estate sales agents.........................................................     193,010    31.66     65,850     24.03
    Sales engineers...................................................................      59,700    60.32    125,460     52.18
    Telemarketers.....................................................................      96,520    16.15     33,600     14.92
    Miscellaneous sales and related workers...........................................     128,130    26.48     55,080     20.30
     Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers.........       8,640    17.44     36,280     14.95
     Sales and related workers, all other.............................................     119,490    27.13     56,440     21.21
                                                                                                                                
Office and administrative support occupations                                           18,674,770    21.90     45,550     19.67
   Supervisors of office and administrative support workers...........................   1,495,440    31.49     65,510     29.51
    First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers...............   1,495,440    31.49     65,510     29.51
   Communications equipment operators.................................................      52,700    18.21     37,870     16.84
    Switchboard operators, including answering service................................      47,430    17.90     37,230     16.67
    Telephone operators...............................................................       4,030    19.99     41,590     18.43
    Communications equipment operators, all other.....................................       1,240    24.11     50,140     22.20
   Financial clerks...................................................................   2,824,120    21.92     45,600     21.00
    Bill and account collectors.......................................................     202,840    20.59     42,820     18.98
    Billing and posting clerks........................................................     441,980    21.54     44,800     20.58
    Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks......................................   1,550,750    22.81     47,440     22.05
    Gambling cage workers.............................................................      11,730    16.04     33,370     15.25
    Payroll and timekeeping clerks....................................................     159,190    25.14     52,300     23.86
    Procurement clerks................................................................      63,340    22.38     46,560     21.75
    Tellers...........................................................................     352,440    17.69     36,800     17.49
    Financial clerks, all other.......................................................      41,850    23.90     49,710     22.66
   Information and record clerks......................................................   5,615,960    19.47     40,500     18.00
    Brokerage clerks..................................................................      42,700    28.46     59,200     26.29
    Correspondence clerks.............................................................       4,970    20.46     42,560     18.61
    Court, municipal, and license clerks..............................................     159,760    22.25     46,280     21.22
    Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks..........................................      16,290    22.20     46,180     21.55
    Customer service representatives..................................................   2,879,840    19.80     41,190     18.16
    Eligibility interviewers, government programs.....................................     149,760    24.05     50,020     23.67
    File clerks.......................................................................      87,250    19.02     39,560     17.93
    Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks..............................................     243,180    14.57     30,300     13.90
    Interviewers, except eligibility and loan.........................................     168,680    19.78     41,140     18.61
    Library assistants, clerical......................................................      77,660    16.34     33,980     14.98
    Loan interviewers and clerks......................................................     242,630    22.47     46,740     22.35
    New accounts clerks...............................................................      45,170    20.62     42,880     19.63
    Order clerks......................................................................     113,500    19.49     40,540     18.30
    Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping........................     103,680    22.55     46,900     22.08
    Receptionists and information clerks..............................................   1,011,170    16.64     34,600     16.33
    Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks....................     119,130    21.84     45,440     18.83
    Information and record clerks, all other..........................................     150,590    22.07     45,910     21.50
   Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers..............   2,306,600    22.97     47,770     21.43
    Cargo and freight agents..........................................................      93,480    23.91     49,740     22.53
    Couriers and messengers...........................................................      75,800    17.43     36,250     16.96
    Dispatchers.......................................................................     302,110    23.40     48,670     21.90
     Public safety telecommunicators..................................................      95,730    23.74     49,370     22.55
     Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance..................................     206,370    23.25     48,350     21.55
    Meter readers, utilities..........................................................      20,460    23.94     49,800     21.52
    Postal service workers............................................................     523,980    26.69     55,520     25.81
     Postal service clerks............................................................      77,690    27.11     56,400     27.02
     Postal service mail carriers.....................................................     326,760    27.04     56,240     26.08
     Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators........     119,530    25.48     52,990     23.62
    Production, planning, and expediting clerks.......................................     389,920    26.48     55,080     24.34
    Shipping, receiving, and inventory clerks.........................................     848,240    19.45     40,450     18.15
    Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping........................      52,610    19.94     41,470     19.21
   Secretaries and administrative assistants..........................................   3,144,510    22.92     47,670     21.19
    Secretaries and administrative assistants.........................................   3,144,510    22.92     47,670     21.19
     Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants....................     475,240    34.16     71,060     31.72
     Legal secretaries and administrative assistants..................................     159,940    26.05     54,180     23.45
     Medical secretaries and administrative assistants................................     682,630    19.84     41,260     18.51
     Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive..   1,826,710    20.87     43,410     19.71
   Other office and administrative support workers....................................   3,235,430    19.98     41,550     18.41
    Data entry and information processing workers.....................................     199,370    18.97     39,450     17.92
     Data entry keyers................................................................     157,380    18.26     37,970     17.40
     Word processors and typists......................................................      41,990    21.63     44,990     21.31
    Desktop publishers................................................................       6,560    25.67     53,390     23.04
    Insurance claims and policy processing clerks.....................................     227,580    23.00     47,840     22.15
    Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service.....................      67,750    17.41     36,210     16.86
    Office clerks, general............................................................   2,517,350    19.78     41,140     18.29
    Office machine operators, except computer.........................................      30,410    18.41     38,300     17.65
    Proofreaders and copy markers.....................................................       5,120    23.45     48,770     21.83
    Statistical assistants............................................................       6,710    26.26     54,630     23.50
    Office and administrative support workers, all other..............................     174,590    20.75     43,150     18.59
                                                                                                                                
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                                                 461,750    18.21     37,870     16.33
   Supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers..............................      27,670    28.28     58,820     26.20
    First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers..................      27,670    28.28     58,820     26.20
   Agricultural workers...............................................................     390,500    17.04     35,440     16.06
    Agricultural inspectors...........................................................      14,000    23.57     49,020     21.50
    Animal breeders...................................................................       1,270    23.39     48,650     21.79
    Graders and sorters, agricultural products........................................      23,280    15.86     32,990     15.65
    Miscellaneous agricultural workers................................................     351,950    16.84     35,020     16.00
     Agricultural equipment operators.................................................      28,830    19.11     39,750     18.16
     Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse..........................     284,000    16.49     34,300     15.87
     Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals...............................      33,020    17.45     36,290     16.42
     Agricultural workers, all other..................................................       6,100    18.84     39,180     17.17
   Forest, conservation, and logging workers..........................................      42,830    22.22     46,210     21.66
    Forest and conservation workers...................................................       6,080    17.31     36,010     15.51
    Logging workers...................................................................      36,750    23.03     47,900     22.40
     Fallers..........................................................................       4,530    27.95     58,130     23.64
     Logging equipment operators......................................................      24,780    22.39     46,570     22.31
     Log graders and scalers..........................................................       3,950    21.43     44,570     20.37
     Logging workers, all other.......................................................       3,490    23.01     47,850     22.65
                                                                                                                                
Construction and extraction occupations                                                  6,075,520    28.08     58,400     24.31
   Supervisors of construction and extraction workers.................................     720,900    37.33     77,650     35.62
    First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers..............     720,900    37.33     77,650     35.62
   Construction trades workers........................................................   4,509,820    27.17     56,510     23.72
    Boilermakers......................................................................      13,570    33.55     69,780     32.17
    Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons.........................................      65,750    29.52     61,400     28.03
     Brickmasons and blockmasons......................................................      55,530    29.99     62,380     28.37
     Stonemasons......................................................................      10,220    26.97     56,100     24.14
    Carpenters........................................................................     689,770    27.99     58,210     24.71
    Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers..................................      83,150    25.43     52,880     23.03
     Carpet installers................................................................      17,400    23.81     49,520     21.75
     Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles................................      20,710    26.38     54,870     23.50
     Floor sanders and finishers......................................................       4,270    23.72     49,330     22.14
     Tile and stone setters...........................................................      40,760    25.81     53,680     23.24
    Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers...........................     198,190    25.94     53,950     23.24
     Cement masons and concrete finishers.............................................     196,730    25.91     53,890     23.22
     Terrazzo workers and finishers...................................................       1,460    29.66     61,680     25.16
    Construction laborers.............................................................   1,012,780    22.29     46,350     19.59
    Construction equipment operators..................................................     467,800    28.32     58,910     24.54
     Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators...............................      41,470    25.35     52,730     22.73
     Pile driver operators............................................................       3,290    33.76     70,220     30.92
     Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators...................     423,040    28.57     59,420     24.73
    Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers...........................     105,880    28.35     58,960     24.60
     Drywall and ceiling tile installers..............................................      91,590    27.83     57,880     24.25
     Tapers...........................................................................      14,290    31.67     65,880     29.98
    Electricians......................................................................     690,050    31.39     65,280     28.96
    Glaziers..........................................................................      51,630    26.52     55,160     23.42
    Insulation workers................................................................      58,790    25.64     53,330     23.07
     Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall.....................................      33,130    23.49     48,870     21.82
     Insulation workers, mechanical...................................................      25,660    28.42     59,100     24.32
    Painters and paperhangers.........................................................     217,890    23.73     49,350     22.16
     Painters, construction and maintenance...........................................     215,680    23.73     49,350     22.16
     Paperhangers.....................................................................       2,220    23.57     49,030     21.60
    Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters...............................     463,990    30.82     64,110     28.52
     Pipelayers.......................................................................      36,070    24.63     51,230     22.11
     Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters..........................................     427,920    31.34     65,190     28.89
    Plasterers and stucco masons......................................................      25,950    26.75     55,650     23.91
    Reinforcing iron and rebar workers................................................      17,270    27.78     57,780     24.55
    Roofers...........................................................................     131,980    24.96     51,910     23.04
    Sheet metal workers...............................................................     120,810    29.47     61,300     26.61
    Structural iron and steel workers.................................................      66,810    31.15     64,800     29.09
    Solar photovoltaic installers.....................................................      27,760    23.06     47,970     21.75
   Helpers, construction trades.......................................................     202,410    18.90     39,320     17.87
    Helpers, construction trades......................................................     202,410    18.90     39,320     17.87
     Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters......      17,730    21.27     44,230     18.96
     Helpers--carpenters..............................................................      24,580    18.69     38,880     18.03
     Helpers--electricians............................................................      71,000    18.67     38,840     17.82
     Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons...................       8,630    18.29     38,040     17.35
     Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters.....................      46,760    18.07     37,590     17.47
     Helpers--roofers.................................................................       5,790    19.65     40,880     17.80
     Helpers, construction trades, all other..........................................      27,920    19.61     40,790     18.18
   Other construction and related workers.............................................     446,630    27.40     56,990     23.88
    Construction and building inspectors..............................................     128,950    33.72     70,130     31.00
    Elevator and escalator installers and repairers...................................      24,380    45.17     93,960     47.60
    Fence erectors....................................................................      27,060    21.05     43,780     19.16
    Hazardous materials removal workers...............................................      46,780    24.82     51,620     22.45
    Highway maintenance workers.......................................................     143,330    22.02     45,790     21.60
    Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators.............................      18,600    30.69     63,840     30.40
    Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners.....................................      27,660    22.87     47,580     21.93
    Miscellaneous construction and related workers....................................      29,880    23.37     48,620     21.58
   Extraction workers.................................................................     195,750    25.89     53,850     23.72
    Derrick, rotary drill, and service unit operators, oil and gas....................      59,460    27.51     57,210     24.54
     Derrick operators, oil and gas...................................................      10,950    25.85     53,770     24.62
     Rotary drill operators, oil and gas..............................................      12,190    29.06     60,450     26.57
     Service unit operators, oil and gas..............................................      36,320    27.49     57,170     24.11
    Surface mining machine operators and earth drillers...............................      52,680    26.37     54,850     23.84
     Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators, surface mining............      33,670    25.72     53,490     23.24
     Earth drillers, except oil and gas...............................................      19,010    27.52     57,250     24.88
    Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters.......................       4,710    29.60     61,560     27.24
    Underground mining machine operators..............................................      22,680    28.53     59,340     29.17
     Continuous mining machine operators..............................................      13,500    27.46     57,120     27.58
     Roof bolters, mining.............................................................       1,700    30.77     63,990     28.95
     Loading and moving machine operators, underground mining.........................       5,210    30.01     62,420     30.73
     Underground mining machine operators, all other..................................       2,270    29.81     61,990     30.86
    Rock splitters, quarry............................................................       3,910    22.60     47,010     22.12
    Roustabouts, oil and gas..........................................................      39,100    21.99     45,750     20.96
    Helpers--extraction workers.......................................................       6,910    21.35     44,410     20.73
    Extraction workers, all other.....................................................       6,290    25.59     53,220     24.81
                                                                                                                                
Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations                                        5,823,400    26.77     55,680     24.08
   Supervisors of installation, maintenance, and repair workers.......................     559,050    36.55     76,020     35.16
    First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers....................     559,050    36.55     76,020     35.16
   Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers...........     496,220    28.61     59,500     27.38
    Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers..........................      81,440    22.66     47,120     21.59
    Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers...................     181,200    29.68     61,730     28.82
     Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairers....................      13,020    30.08     62,570     28.71
     Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers....     168,180    29.65     61,670     28.83
    Miscellaneous electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and                                                
     repairers........................................................................     233,590    29.85     62,090     28.50
     Avionics technicians.............................................................      20,200    35.93     74,730     36.27
     Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers................................      15,390    24.76     51,500     23.20
     Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment....       8,530    34.49     71,740     35.40
     Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment........      51,650    32.05     66,650     30.78
     Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay..........      25,440    42.68     88,770     45.06
     Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles....................       9,450    21.98     45,720     20.00
     Audiovisual equipment installers and repairers...................................      22,200    23.29     48,450     21.61
     Security and fire alarm systems installers.......................................      80,720    26.10     54,280     24.10
   Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers..................   1,645,580    25.36     52,750     23.38
    Aircraft mechanics and service technicians........................................     134,070    34.92     72,640     33.66
    Automotive technicians and repairers..............................................     820,200    24.12     50,170     22.61
     Automotive body and related repairers............................................     138,760    25.59     53,220     22.92
     Automotive glass installers and repairers........................................      17,370    21.11     43,900     21.01
     Automotive service technicians and mechanics.....................................     664,070    23.89     49,690     22.58
    Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists.............................     271,720    26.99     56,140     26.14
    Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics..............     213,460    27.98     58,190     28.06
     Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians.................................      35,280    24.00     49,930     23.08
     Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines.................................     158,350    28.64     59,560     28.58
     Rail car repairers...............................................................      19,830    29.79     61,960     30.05
    Small engine mechanics............................................................      75,190    21.90     45,560     21.19
     Motorboat mechanics and service technicians......................................      24,920    24.17     50,280     23.21
     Motorcycle mechanics.............................................................      14,700    21.51     44,740     20.85
     Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics.........................      35,570    20.48     42,590     19.25
    Miscellaneous vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers...     130,940    17.68     36,780     16.95
     Bicycle repairers................................................................      13,760    17.68     36,770     17.43
     Recreational vehicle service technicians.........................................      17,190    22.75     47,320     21.65
     Tire repairers and changers......................................................      99,980    16.81     34,970     16.46
   Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations............................   3,122,550    25.46     52,970     23.25
    Control and valve installers and repairers........................................      73,740    29.63     61,620     26.82
     Mechanical door repairers........................................................      27,330    23.27     48,400     22.60
     Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door...............      46,410    33.37     69,410     31.16
    Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers.............     374,770    27.63     57,460     24.71
    Home appliance repairers..........................................................      29,370    22.84     47,500     22.12
    Industrial machinery installation, repair, and maintenance workers................     490,410    29.03     60,390     28.59
     Industrial machinery mechanics...................................................     386,120    29.32     60,990     28.76
     Maintenance workers, machinery...................................................      62,770    26.88     55,910     25.63
     Millwrights......................................................................      40,930    29.69     61,750     29.29
     Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons...............................         580    24.52     51,010     24.30
    Line installers and repairers.....................................................     227,190    35.58     74,010     36.17
     Electrical power-line installers and repairers...................................     119,510    39.79     82,770     39.59
     Telecommunications line installers and repairers.................................     107,670    30.90     64,280     29.13
    Precision instrument and equipment repairers......................................      79,970    28.51     59,300     26.96
     Camera and photographic equipment repairers......................................       2,120    22.53     46,870     21.18
     Medical equipment repairers......................................................      58,830    29.30     60,950     27.82
     Musical instrument repairers and tuners..........................................       6,330    20.73     43,120     18.34
     Watch and clock repairers........................................................       1,880    23.84     49,580     23.25
     Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other..........................      10,810    30.76     63,970     29.66
    Maintenance and repair workers, general...........................................   1,485,990    22.66     47,130     21.62
    Wind turbine service technicians..................................................       9,830    28.79     59,880     27.56
    Miscellaneous installation, maintenance, and repair workers.......................     351,290    22.07     45,910     19.60
     Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers.....................      35,790    20.43     42,500     19.08
     Commercial divers................................................................       3,860    41.17     85,630     32.84
     Locksmiths and safe repairers....................................................      15,240    24.14     50,210     22.79
     Manufactured building and mobile home installers.................................       3,630    18.28     38,020     17.70
     Riggers..........................................................................      19,260    28.22     58,700     26.29
     Signal and track switch repairers................................................       6,880    37.20     77,370     39.09
     Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers...........................      93,650    17.67     36,750     16.88
     Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other.........................     172,980    22.98     47,800     21.39
                                                                                                                                
Production occupations                                                                   8,738,980    21.81     45,370     19.19
   Supervisors of production workers..................................................     659,930    33.22     69,100     30.53
    First-line supervisors of production and operating workers........................     659,930    33.22     69,100     30.53
   Assemblers and fabricators.........................................................   1,903,910    19.92     41,420     18.24
    Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers.....................      32,140    28.90     60,110     28.09
    Electrical, electronics, and electromechanical assemblers.........................     286,380    20.14     41,890     18.58
     Coil winders, tapers, and finishers..............................................      10,860    21.56     44,850     20.75
     Electrical, electronic, and electromechanical assemblers, except coil winders,                                             
      tapers, and finishers...........................................................     275,510    20.08     41,770     18.55
    Engine and other machine assemblers...............................................      50,120    24.99     51,980     24.45
    Structural metal fabricators and fitters..........................................      58,870    23.50     48,870     22.69
    Fiberglass laminators and fabricators.............................................      21,910    19.85     41,280     18.32
    Timing device assemblers and adjusters............................................         370    22.35     46,480     20.33
    Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators..........................................   1,454,130    19.35     40,250     17.93
   Food processing workers............................................................     807,880    17.45     36,300     16.98
    Bakers............................................................................     205,300    16.41     34,140     15.76
    Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers.....................     341,520    17.42     36,230     17.25
     Butchers and meat cutters........................................................     129,400    18.36     38,200     17.76
     Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers.....................................     133,460    16.87     35,090     16.86
     Slaughterers and meat packers....................................................      78,660    16.79     34,920     16.94
    Miscellaneous food processing workers.............................................     261,060    18.31     38,090     17.40
     Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders......      20,010    19.12     39,770     18.17
     Food batchmakers.................................................................     166,520    18.61     38,710     17.59
     Food cooking machine operators and tenders.......................................      26,740    18.15     37,760     17.64
     Food processing workers, all other...............................................      47,790    17.04     35,430     16.69
   Metal workers and plastic workers..................................................   1,644,250    22.61     47,020     21.67
    Forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic................     102,040    21.43     44,580     20.45
     Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.      63,490    20.47     42,580     19.22
     Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............      10,650    22.57     46,940     22.37
     Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............      27,900    23.20     48,250     22.26
    Machine tool cutting setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...........     297,630    20.67     42,990     19.18
     Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and                                            
      plastic.........................................................................     182,460    20.31     42,240     18.91
     Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and                                                
      plastic.........................................................................       6,470    21.81     45,350     20.41
     Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators,                                                 
      and tenders, metal and plastic..................................................      73,800    20.21     42,050     18.71
     Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and                                                  
      plastic.........................................................................      19,410    22.99     47,820     22.61
     Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...      15,480    23.65     49,200     22.53
    Machinists........................................................................     316,860    24.72     51,430     23.32
    Metal furnace operators, tenders, pourers, and casters............................      25,390    24.91     51,810     23.61
     Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders.....................................      19,320    25.70     53,450     24.18
     Pourers and casters, metal.......................................................       6,070    22.41     46,600     21.67
    Model makers and patternmakers, metal and plastic.................................       5,580    28.04     58,320     27.00
     Model makers, metal and plastic..................................................       3,350    28.95     60,220     27.70
     Patternmakers, metal and plastic.................................................       2,230    26.67     55,470     26.43
    Molders and molding machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic....     177,150    19.15     39,830     17.87
     Foundry mold and coremakers......................................................      11,330    20.19     42,000     19.29
     Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal                                            
      and plastic.....................................................................     165,820    19.08     39,690     17.81
    Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic..........     137,060    20.21     42,040     18.85
    Tool and die makers...............................................................      61,730    28.55     59,390     28.75
    Welding, soldering, and brazing workers...........................................     439,930    24.11     50,160     22.80
     Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers.........................................     408,990    24.26     50,460     22.86
     Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders..........      30,940    22.17     46,110     21.60
    Miscellaneous metal workers and plastic workers...................................      80,870    20.73     43,110     19.00
     Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.......      15,600    21.01     43,700     19.66
     Layout workers, metal and plastic................................................       6,890    27.00     56,170     28.01
     Plating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............      32,050    19.37     40,290     18.22
     Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners............................................       5,320    22.14     46,040     20.16
     Metal workers and plastic workers, all other.....................................      21,030    20.18     41,960     18.43
   Printing workers...................................................................     214,280    20.33     42,280     18.70
    Printing workers..................................................................     214,280    20.33     42,280     18.70
     Prepress technicians and workers.................................................      25,250    21.58     44,880     20.94
     Printing press operators.........................................................     150,010    20.55     42,730     18.92
     Print binding and finishing workers..............................................      39,030    18.68     38,850     17.77
   Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers..........................................     468,590    15.95     33,170     15.00
    Laundry and dry-cleaning workers..................................................     175,730    14.26     29,660     13.97
    Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials.................................      28,570    14.73     30,650     14.27
    Sewing machine operators..........................................................     116,750    15.93     33,130     15.26
    Shoe and leather workers..........................................................      11,820    16.58     34,490     15.76
     Shoe and leather workers and repairers...........................................       8,860    16.64     34,600     15.61
     Shoe machine operators and tenders...............................................       2,960    16.42     34,160     15.89
    Tailors, dressmakers, and sewers..................................................      20,320    17.59     36,590     16.27
     Sewers, hand.....................................................................       3,440    16.08     33,440     15.16
     Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers..........................................      16,870    17.90     37,230     16.48
    Textile machine setters, operators, and tenders...................................      58,070    16.79     34,910     16.43
     Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders.......................       6,640    16.30     33,900     15.71
     Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders..........................      10,700    16.81     34,970     16.55
     Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders.............      16,900    17.17     35,710     17.19
     Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and                                                 
      tenders.........................................................................      23,830    16.64     34,610     16.21
    Miscellaneous textile, apparel, and furnishings workers...........................      57,330    20.21     42,030     18.49
     Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and                                               
      glass fibers....................................................................      14,460    20.56     42,770     19.16
     Fabric and apparel patternmakers.................................................       3,070    32.13     66,820     29.00
     Upholsterers.....................................................................      26,990    20.14     41,900     19.04
     Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other.............................      12,810    17.08     35,520     15.69
   Woodworkers........................................................................     231,230    19.11     39,750     18.04
    Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters................................................      95,980    20.25     42,120     18.66
    Furniture finishers...............................................................      14,990    19.17     39,880     18.25
    Model makers and patternmakers, wood..............................................       1,050    24.32     50,580     22.17
     Model makers, wood...............................................................         720    25.39     52,820     22.57
     Patternmakers, wood..............................................................         330    21.98     45,720     21.29
    Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders...............................     110,080    18.17     37,800     17.59
     Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood.............................      46,400    18.00     37,450     17.44
     Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing...............      63,680    18.30     38,060     17.71
    Woodworkers, all other............................................................       9,120    17.73     36,870     17.01
   Plant and system operators.........................................................     276,970    33.85     70,400     31.25
    Power plant operators, distributors, and dispatchers..............................      46,420    45.59     94,820     46.91
     Nuclear power reactor operators..................................................       5,450    56.50    117,510     55.71
     Power distributors and dispatchers...............................................       9,380    48.73    101,360     48.87
     Power plant operators............................................................      31,590    42.77     88,960     44.74
    Stationary engineers and boiler operators.........................................      31,470    34.89     72,570     32.27
    Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators.........................     119,350    26.78     55,690     24.81
    Miscellaneous plant and system operators..........................................      79,730    37.18     77,340     38.08
     Chemical plant and system operators..............................................      18,710    38.12     79,290     39.75
     Gas plant operators..............................................................      14,290    37.71     78,430     38.20
     Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers.................      31,360    40.45     84,140     40.91
     Plant and system operators, all other............................................      15,370    28.88     60,070     27.63
   Other production occupations.......................................................   2,531,940    21.28     44,260     19.21
    Chemical processing machine setters, operators, and tenders.......................     167,840    25.28     52,580     23.20
     Chemical equipment operators and tenders.........................................     115,370    26.06     54,210     23.72
     Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters,                                               
      operators, and tenders..........................................................      52,470    23.55     48,980     22.24
    Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, and blending workers.......................     150,410    21.46     44,630     20.25
     Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders........      27,320    21.79     45,310     20.81
     Grinding and polishing workers, hand.............................................      14,190    18.64     38,770     17.77
     Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders......................     108,900    21.74     45,220     20.87
    Cutting workers...................................................................      62,350    19.92     41,430     18.95
     Cutters and trimmers, hand.......................................................       8,250    18.19     37,830     17.37
     Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders......................      54,110    20.18     41,980     19.17
    Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and                                                
     tenders..........................................................................      58,740    20.17     41,940     18.98
    Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders......................      15,030    22.20     46,180     21.41
    Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers..............................     579,740    22.74     47,290     21.11
    Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers.....................................      26,280    24.29     50,530     22.66
    Dental and ophthalmic laboratory technicians and medical appliance technicians....      69,220    22.23     46,240     19.80
     Dental laboratory technicians....................................................      33,330    24.01     49,930     22.14
     Medical appliance technicians....................................................      15,680    22.23     46,240     20.27
     Ophthalmic laboratory technicians................................................      20,200    19.30     40,140     17.70
    Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders...............................     369,330    18.78     39,060     17.67
    Painting workers..................................................................     164,100    22.16     46,100     20.85
     Painting, coating, and decorating workers........................................      11,990    20.08     41,770     18.40
     Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders..........     152,120    22.33     46,440     21.14
    Semiconductor processing technicians..............................................      23,860    23.25     48,370     21.49
    Photographic process workers and processing machine operators.....................       5,380    20.55     42,750     17.44
    Computer numerically controlled tool operators and programmers....................     207,480    24.13     50,200     22.99
     Computer numerically controlled tool operators...................................     179,360    23.05     47,940     22.48
     Computer numerically controlled tool programmers.................................      28,120    31.05     64,580     29.23
    Miscellaneous production workers..................................................     632,170    19.06     39,640     17.64
     Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders...................................      11,320    19.28     40,100     18.65
     Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders............      13,200    18.81     39,130     17.88
     Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders.............................       6,420    21.27     44,240     20.62
     Etchers and engravers............................................................       8,400    19.69     40,950     18.26
     Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic..........................      39,060    20.04     41,680     19.03
     Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders..............................      92,050    22.30     46,390     21.97
     Tire builders....................................................................      18,360    24.33     50,600     24.83
     Helpers--production workers......................................................     190,680    17.18     35,740     16.67
     Production workers, all other....................................................     252,660    18.68     38,860     17.06
                                                                                                                                
Transportation and material moving occupations                                          13,560,460    21.12     43,930     18.24
   Supervisors of transportation and material moving workers..........................     599,710    29.26     60,850     27.79
    First-line supervisors of transportation and material moving workers..............     599,710    29.26     60,850     27.79
     Aircraft cargo handling supervisors..............................................       7,950    29.40     61,150     25.72
     First-line supervisors of transportation and material moving workers, except                                               
      aircraft cargo handling supervisors.............................................     591,760    29.25     60,850     27.82
   Air transportation workers.........................................................     282,820     ()     131,630      ()
    Aircraft pilots and flight engineers..............................................     138,330     ()     189,620      ()
     Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers...................................      89,580     ()     225,740      ()
     Commercial pilots................................................................      48,750     ()     123,250      ()
    Air traffic controllers and airfield operations specialists.......................      36,010    49.74    103,460     45.53
     Air traffic controllers..........................................................      21,250    62.90    130,840     63.58
     Airfield operations specialists..................................................      14,760    30.79     64,050     23.85
    Flight attendants.................................................................     108,480     ()      67,020      ()
   Motor vehicle operators............................................................   4,315,740    22.65     47,110     21.86
    Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians............       9,910    16.14     33,570     14.61
    Driver/sales workers and truck drivers............................................   3,533,530    23.19     48,240     22.26
     Driver/sales workers.............................................................     489,510    17.10     35,560     15.72
     Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers..........................................   1,984,180    25.52     53,090     24.00
     Light truck drivers..............................................................   1,059,840    21.65     45,020     19.43
    Passenger vehicle drivers.........................................................     722,960    20.39     42,420     18.96
     Bus drivers, school..............................................................     366,550    20.39     42,400     19.84
     Bus drivers, transit and intercity...............................................     141,530    25.92     53,920     24.47
     Shuttle drivers and chauffeurs...................................................     201,070    16.83     35,000     15.77
     Taxi drivers.....................................................................      13,820    15.73     32,710     14.75
    Motor vehicle operators, all other................................................      49,340    18.10     37,650     15.96
   Rail transportation workers........................................................     105,620    33.67     70,040     33.15
    Locomotive engineers and operators................................................      39,120    35.00     72,790     35.46
     Locomotive engineers.............................................................      36,440    35.50     73,850     35.85
     Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers..............................       2,680    28.09     58,430     27.09
    Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators and locomotive firers................      14,210    31.16     64,810     32.47
    Railroad conductors and yardmasters...............................................      40,940    33.26     69,190     32.78
    Subway and streetcar operators....................................................       9,120    36.48     75,880     42.43
    Rail transportation workers, all other............................................       2,240    22.49     46,780     20.33
   Water transportation workers.......................................................      75,200    39.52     82,200     31.78
    Sailors and marine oilers.........................................................      28,500    25.65     53,350     22.83
    Ship and boat captains and operators..............................................      38,050    47.86     99,540     41.98
     Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels.....................................      34,940    50.09    104,190     45.77
     Motorboat operators..............................................................       3,110    22.74     47,300     19.92
    Ship engineers....................................................................       8,650    48.55    100,980     41.97
   Other transportation workers.......................................................     284,810    18.15     37,750     15.71
    Bridge and lock tenders...........................................................       3,690    22.55     46,910     22.73
    Parking attendants................................................................     105,290    15.01     31,230     14.70
    Transportation service attendants.................................................     119,320    16.11     33,500     15.30
     Automotive and watercraft service attendants.....................................      99,600    15.55     32,340     14.83
     Aircraft service attendants......................................................      19,720    18.94     39,400     17.81
    Traffic technicians...............................................................       7,310    26.31     54,720     24.06
    Transportation inspectors.........................................................      24,420    38.35     79,770     38.26
    Passenger attendants..............................................................      13,200    17.42     36,230     16.65
    Transportation workers, all other.................................................      11,590    19.37     40,290     17.99
   Material moving workers............................................................   7,896,560    17.92     37,270     17.15
    Conveyor operators and tenders....................................................      27,780    19.26     40,060     17.74
    Crane and tower operators.........................................................      45,210    31.36     65,220     29.49
    Dredge operators..................................................................         940    24.89     51,770     22.64
    Hoist and winch operators.........................................................       2,440    33.23     69,120     28.34
    Industrial truck and tractor operators............................................     780,890    20.79     43,240     19.82
    Laborers and material movers......................................................   6,840,530    17.33     36,050     16.77
     Cleaners of vehicles and equipment...............................................     359,530    15.74     32,730     14.90
     Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand...........................   2,934,050    18.03     37,510     17.36
     Machine feeders and offbearers...................................................      51,010    18.80     39,100     18.29
     Packers and packagers, hand......................................................     653,870    16.02     33,310     15.83
     Stockers and order fillers.......................................................   2,842,060    17.09     35,550     16.45
    Pumping station operators.........................................................      29,160    30.11     62,620     28.93
     Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators.................................       3,740    29.57     61,500     28.84
     Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers..........................................      10,870    28.44     59,150     26.86
     Wellhead pumpers.................................................................      14,550    31.50     65,510     30.42
    Refuse and recyclable material collectors.........................................     132,240    21.91     45,560     20.94
    Tank car, truck, and ship loaders.................................................      12,470    28.21     58,680     25.93
    Material moving workers, all other................................................      24,880    20.81     43,290     18.65

     1 Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080
        hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly
        calculated from the reported survey data.

     2 Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or
        annual salaries, depending on how they are typically paid.

     3 Represents a wage equal to or greater than $115.00 per hour.

 
Last Modified Date: April 25, 2023