Consumer Prices, 1913 and 2013
February 28, 2013
While potatoes are among the cheapest food items today, potato prices have increased over 39-fold from 1913 to 2013, rising from less than 2 cents to over 62 cents per pound—the sharpest rate of increase seen among items in a list of consumer foods for which the Consumer Price Index has price data going back to 1913.
|Item||January 1913||January 2013|
Eggs, per dozen
Fresh milk, per gallon(2)
Note: All average prices are per pound, unless otherwise noted.
Egg prices have increased the least in the last century, up about 5-fold (from 37 cents to $1.93 per dozen) as advances in production, delivery, and storage techniques have outpaced those seen for most other food items.
These price data are from the Consumer Price Indexes program and are featured in "Average Food Prices: a snapshot of how much has changed over a century," Beyond the Numbers, February 2013). Average price of butter shown on the chart is for January 2012. The price of butter for January 2013 is not available.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Consumer Prices, 1913 and 2013 on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2013/ted_20130228.htm (visited November 28, 2020).
Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics
- Occupational Employment and Wages in Metro and Nonmetro Areas
Examines similarities and differences in employment and wages between metro and nonmetro areas.
- Gulf War Era Veterans in the Labor Force
Examines the demographic, employment, and unemployment characteristics of civilians who served in the U.S. military during Gulf War era.
- Using BLS Data to Match People with Disabilities with Jobs Presents data that can help increase access and opportunity for people with disabilities in the nation’s labor market.
- How Women and Aging Affect Trends in Labor Force Growth Examines how women’s labor force participation and the aging of the U.S. population affect trends in labor force growth.