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Determinants of Training: An Analysis Using Both Employer and Employee Characteristics

Harley Frazis, Maury Gittleman, and Mary Joyce


Despite the fact that employee training is now measured in a number of surveys, important gaps remain in our knowledge of such fundamental questions as how much training takes place, who provides it and who gets it. The goal of this paper is to fill in some of these gaps, making use of data from the 1995 Survey of Employer-Provided Training (SEPT95). SEPT95 collects data from employers as well as employees, enabling a more complete analysis of the determinants of training than has been possible in the past. Though the determinants of training show some differences across our measures of incidence and intensity, we find strong support for the notion that those establishments that encourage long-term relationships with their employees also provide more training.