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Sample Design in the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey

Mark Crankshaw and George Stamas


The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) is a new program being fielded by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to compile measures of job openings and employee turnover for nonfarm businesses using a sample of 16,000 establishments. The job opening, employee turnover, and employment data are collected on a monthly basis. Employee turnover includes hires, and three categories of separations-quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Most sample members will rotate out of the sample after participating for 18 months. Estimates will be produced for broad industry groups and Census regions.In this paper we will discuss JOLTS sample design, JOLTS estimators, sample coordination with other BLS surveys using permanent random numbers, and issues arising from sample selection using the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system as a strata identifier and estimating for North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) sectors.