The Veterans Supplement (CPS-VS) is an annual supplemental survey to the Current Population Survey sponsored by the Department of Labor and Department of Veterans Affairs. The supplemental survey is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau and is used to estimate demographic, employment, and service related disability status rates among U.S. veterans ages 17 or older (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2016). The CPS-VS data are collected from CPS respondents 17 years of age or older, who identify as a veteran or identify someone else in the household as veteran. Because the CPS-VS sample is drawn from CPS respondents, CPS respondent data are available for both the CPS-VS respondents and nonrespondents and therefore can be used to compare the characteristics of CPS-VS respondents and nonrespondents, as well as assess the potential for CPS-VS nonresponse bias. No information about the households that did not respond to the basic CPS survey is available in the CPS-VS public access dataset, so all conclusions on CPS-VS nonresponse bias are based on the households responding to the basic CPS.