Wednesday, November 12, 2014
Total compensation costs for private industry workers increased 1.1 percent in the Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, D.C.-Md.-Va.-W.Va., metropolitan area for the year ended September 2014, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that one year ago, Washington-Baltimore experienced an annual gain of 1.7 percent in total compensation costs. Locally, wages and salaries, the largest component of total compensation costs, advanced at a 1.0-percent pace for the 12-month period ended September 2014. Nationwide, total compensation costs rose 2.3 percent, and wages and salaries, also 2.3 percent, over the year.(See chart 1 and table 1.)
Washington-Baltimore is 1 of 15 metropolitan areas in the United States, and 1 of 5 areas in the South region of the country, for which locality compensation cost data are now available. Washington-Baltimore’s over-the-year increase of 1.1 percent in total compensation ranked in the lowest fifth of the 15 published areas, placing 13th (tied with Phoenix) of the 15 areas. Among the other areas, percent changes in total compensation ranged from 3.9 percent in San Jose to 0.9 percent in Detroit from September 2013 to September 2014. With an increase of 1.0 percent, Washington-Baltimore placed 14th in wage and salary gains over the year. Growth rates in wages and salaries among the other metropolitan areas ranged from 3.9 percent in San Jose to 0.1 percent in Detroit. (See chart 2.)
When compared with the other four metropolitan areas in the South, the annual increase in total compensation costs in Washington-Baltimore in September 2014 (1.1 percent) was below those of Dallas (3.4 percent), Atlanta (2.6 percent), Houston (1.5 percent), and Miami (1.2 percent). Similarly, Washington-Baltimore’s 1.0-percent gain in wages and salaries over the 12-month period was below those of Dallas (3.5 percent), Miami (1.7 percent), Houston (1.5 percent), and Atlanta (1.1 percent). (See table 2.)
Locality compensation costs are part of the national Employment Cost Index (ECI), which measures quarterly changes in total compensation costs, including wages, salaries and employer costs for employee benefits. In addition to the 15 locality estimates provided in this release, ECI data for the nation, 4 geographical regions, and 9 geographical divisions are available. (Geographical definitions for the metropolitan areas mentioned in this release are included in the Technical Note.)
In addition to the geographic data, a comprehensive national report is available that provides data by industry, occupational group, and union status, as well as for both private, and state and local government employees. Information from the Employment Cost Index program is available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200, Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.
The ECI for the nation, regions, and divisions for December 2014 will be released on Friday, January 30, 2015, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).
The Employment Cost Index (ECI) is a measure of the change in the cost of labor, free from the influence of employment shifts among occupations and industries. The total compensation series includes changes in wages and salaries and employer costs for employee benefits.
Wages and salaries are defined as straight-time average hourly earnings or, for workers not paid on an hourly basis, straight-time earnings divided by the corresponding hours. Straight-time wage and salary rates are total earnings before payroll deductions, excluding premium pay for overtime, work on weekends and holidays, and shift differentials. Production bonuses, incentive earnings, commission payments, and cost-of-living adjustments are included in straight-time earnings, whereas nonproduction bonuses (such as Christmas or year-end bonuses) are excluded. Also excluded are such items as payments-in-kind, free room and board, and tips.
Selection of areas
Based on available resources and the existing ECI sample, it was determined that estimates would be published for 14 metropolitan areas. Since the ECI sample sizes by area are directly related to area employment, the areas with the largest private industry employment as of the year 2000 were selected. For each of these areas, 12-month percent changes and associated standard areas were computed for the periods since December 2006. (Note: The Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia area was added to the list in September 2009 to make a total of 15 metropolitan areas.)
The metropolitan area definitions of the 15 published localities are listed below.
Definitions of the four geographic regions of the country are noted below.
|Area||Total compensation 12-month percent changes for period endedâ€•||Wages and salaries 12-month percent changes for period endedâ€•|
|Area||Total compensation||Wages and salaries|
|12-month percent changes for period endedâ€•||12-month percent changes for period endedâ€•|
|September 2013||June 2014||September 2014||September 2013||June 2014||September 2014|
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach
Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside
San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland
Last Modified Date: Wednesday, November 12, 2014