Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

15-2040-PHI
Thursday, October 15, 2015

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:

Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – September 2015

Regional prices unchanged over the month, down 0.1 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast was unchanged in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that a 4.1-percent decrease in the energy index was offset by increases in both the all items less food and energy index (0.4 percent) and the food index (0.2 percent). (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U inched down 0.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index fell 19.7 percent over the year, while the all items less food and energy index increased 1.8 percent. Food prices also advanced from September 2014, up 1.4 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index edged up 0.2 percent since August. Food away from home prices increased 0.4 percent over the month and food at home prices inched up 0.1 percent.

From September 2014 to September 2015, the food index increased 1.4 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 2.2 percent over the year and those for food at home increased 0.9 percent.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, decreased 4.1 percent since August. This was mostly due to an 8.7-percent drop in gasoline prices. Electricity and utility (piped) gas service prices also decreased over the month, down 0.2 and 0.3 percent, respectively.

The energy index fell 19.7 percent since September 2014, mostly due to a 31.5-percent drop in gasoline prices. Prices for utility (piped) gas service also dropped, down 12.8 percent, while electricity prices increased 1.6 percent over the year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.4 percent in September, led by a 0.4-percent increase in shelter prices. Apparel prices recorded a seasonal advance of 2.5 percent and prices for education and communication were up 1.0 percent, which was the largest one-month increase in this index since August 2009.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.8 percent, led by higher prices for shelter (2.8 percent). Prices were also higher for several other categories including medical care and education and communication, up 2.6 and 1.4 percent, respectively. Household furnishings and operations prices were down 1.1 percent over the year.

 

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20112012201320142015
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.41.60.42.90.31.80.61.5-0.2-0.4

February

0.52.00.42.80.62.00.11.00.2-0.2

March

0.82.50.52.50.01.50.51.50.3-0.4

April

0.52.80.32.3-0.11.10.01.60.1-0.3

May

0.53.2-0.11.70.01.20.42.00.4-0.3

June

0.13.4-0.21.50.11.50.01.90.30.0

July

0.23.6-0.11.10.21.80.11.8-0.1-0.2

August

0.33.80.51.30.21.5-0.31.3-0.2-0.1

September

0.14.00.51.70.11.10.01.20.0-0.1

October

-0.13.60.11.9-0.40.7-0.21.4  

November

-0.13.2-0.21.80.11.0-0.40.9  

December

-0.32.9-0.31.80.01.3-0.50.4  

The Consumer Price Index for October 2015 is scheduled to be released Tuesday, November 17, 2015, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure categoryIndexesPercent change from
 
Historical
data
Jul.
2015
Aug.
2015
Sep.
2015
Sep.
2014
Jul.
2015
Aug.
2015

All items

Jump to page with historical data
253.405252.903252.922-0.1-0.20.0

All items (December 1977 = 100)

Jump to page with historical data
399.036398.245398.275   
 

Food and beverages

Jump to page with historical data
251.840252.060252.5591.30.30.2

Food

Jump to page with historical data
251.901252.149252.7071.40.30.2

Food at home

Jump to page with historical data
248.520249.021249.2510.90.30.1

Food away from home

Jump to page with historical data
260.058259.933260.9862.20.40.4

Alcoholic beverages

Jump to page with historical data
249.866249.726249.4650.4-0.2-0.1
 

Housing

Jump to page with historical data
265.298264.975265.7671.40.20.3

Shelter

Jump to page with historical data
326.169326.509327.7362.80.50.4

Rent of primary residence (1)

Jump to page with historical data
325.712326.086328.1463.00.70.6

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

Jump to page with historical data
336.328337.290338.8612.60.80.5

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

Jump to page with historical data
336.093337.060338.6112.60.70.5

Fuels and utilities

Jump to page with historical data
211.630208.839208.285-6.0-1.6-0.3

Household energy

Jump to page with historical data
188.157184.901184.239-7.5-2.1-0.4

Energy services (1)

Jump to page with historical data
186.405185.115184.686-2.2-0.9-0.2

Electricity (1)

Jump to page with historical data
199.371198.006197.5961.6-0.9-0.2

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

Jump to page with historical data
145.439144.401143.950-12.8-1.0-0.3

Household furnishings and operations

Jump to page with historical data
123.309122.483122.855-1.1-0.40.3
 

Apparel

Jump to page with historical data
127.487131.766135.0890.66.02.5
 

Transportation

Jump to page with historical data
205.526201.447197.063-8.8-4.1-2.2

Private transportation

Jump to page with historical data
197.234193.503188.944-9.5-4.2-2.4

New and used motor vehicles (3)

Jump to page with historical data
98.57098.40798.191-0.3-0.4-0.2

New vehicles

Jump to page with historical data
145.426145.295145.6811.10.20.3

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

Jump to page with historical data
100.785100.687100.9551.20.20.3

New cars (4)

Jump to page with historical data
138.026138.007137.6750.7-0.3-0.2

Used cars and trucks

Jump to page with historical data
158.635158.308155.663-2.0-1.9-1.7

Motor fuel

Jump to page with historical data
232.454217.280198.489-31.5-14.6-8.6

Gasoline (all types)

Jump to page with historical data
231.550216.425197.630-31.5-14.6-8.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

Jump to page with historical data
230.488214.499194.913-32.5-15.4-9.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

Jump to page with historical data
241.197228.398211.909-28.7-12.1-7.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

Jump to page with historical data
232.948222.643208.779-26.3-10.4-6.2
 

Medical care

Jump to page with historical data
467.511468.451469.0862.60.30.1

Medical care commodities

Jump to page with historical data
378.456379.329375.9440.8-0.7-0.9

Medical care services

Jump to page with historical data
492.142493.092495.1093.10.60.4

Professional services

Jump to page with historical data
362.496363.222363.1522.50.20.0
 

Recreation (3)

Jump to page with historical data
121.488120.955120.7001.1-0.6-0.2
 

Education and communication (3)

Jump to page with historical data
138.709139.296140.6741.41.41.0
 

Other goods and services

Jump to page with historical data
452.456452.607452.6072.40.00.0
 

Commodity and service group

 

Commodities

Jump to page with historical data
189.427188.337187.271-4.1-1.1-0.6

Commodities less food and beverages

Jump to page with historical data
154.801153.193151.497-7.7-2.1-1.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

Jump to page with historical data
195.785193.123189.688-11.5-3.1-1.8

Durables

Jump to page with historical data
107.682107.112107.057-1.0-0.6-0.1

Services

Jump to page with historical data
315.601315.622316.6242.20.30.3
 

Special aggregate indexes

 

All items less shelter

Jump to page with historical data
228.601227.776227.339-1.6-0.6-0.2

All items less medical care

Jump to page with historical data
243.991243.430243.424-0.3-0.20.0

Commodities less food

Jump to page with historical data
158.298156.728155.069-7.3-2.0-1.1

Nondurables

Jump to page with historical data
223.943222.625221.026-5.0-1.3-0.7

Nondurables less food

Jump to page with historical data
198.916196.408193.166-10.7-2.9-1.7

Services less rent of shelter (2)

Jump to page with historical data
315.230314.888315.6971.50.10.3

Services less medical care services

Jump to page with historical data
303.362303.327304.2622.10.30.3

Energy

Jump to page with historical data
206.809198.583190.364-19.7-8.0-4.1

All items less energy

Jump to page with historical data
260.691260.984261.8561.80.40.3

All items less food and energy

Jump to page with historical data
263.941264.244265.1781.80.50.4

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, October 15, 2015