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News Release Information

16-1019-PHI
Tuesday, May 17, 2016

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Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – April 2016

Regional prices up 0.6 percent over the month and 1.0 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast advanced 0.6 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that the recent increase was due mainly to a 4.6-percent rise in the energy index and a 0.3-percent advance in the all items less food and energy index. The food index also rose, up 0.4 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U increased 1.0 percent, due mostly to a 2.0-percent advance in the all items less food and energy index. Food prices also rose, up 0.9 percent over the year. (See chart 1 and table A.) The increase was moderated by a 9.3-percent decline in the energy index since April 2015. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index rose 0.4 percent since March, as prices for its two components advanced over the month. Food at home prices increased 0.4 percent and prices for food away from home edged up 0.3 percent.  

From April 2015 to April 2016, the food index increased 0.9 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 2.9 percent over the year, while those for food at home declined 0.6 percent.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, increased 4.6 percent since March, due almost entirely to a 12.7-percent rise in gasoline prices. Prices for electricity and utility (piped) gas service decreased over the month, down 0.3 and 0.2 percent, respectively.

The energy index fell 9.3 percent since April 2015, led by a 12.2-percent drop in gasoline prices. Prices for electricity and utility (piped) gas service also decreased over the year, down 4.1 and 3.0 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.3 percent in April, led by higher prices for shelter (0.3 percent). Prices for medical care also increased over the month (0.6 percent), while those for education and communication and household furnishings and operations decreased 0.2 percent each.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.0 percent, led by higher prices for shelter (2.6 percent). Prices were also higher over the year for medical care (3.0 percent) and education and communication (2.2 percent).

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20122013201420152016
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.42.90.31.80.61.5-0.2-0.40.00.7

February

0.42.80.62.00.11.00.2-0.20.20.7

March

0.52.50.01.50.51.50.3-0.40.20.6

April

0.32.3-0.11.10.01.60.1-0.30.61.0

May

-0.11.70.01.20.42.00.4-0.3  

June

-0.21.50.11.50.01.90.30.0  

July

-0.11.10.21.80.11.8-0.1-0.2  

August

0.51.30.21.5-0.31.3-0.2-0.1  

September

0.51.70.11.10.01.20.0-0.1  

October

0.11.9-0.40.7-0.21.4-0.2-0.1  

November

-0.21.80.11.0-0.40.90.00.3  

December

-0.31.80.01.3-0.50.4-0.40.5  

The Consumer Price Index for May 2016 is scheduled to be released Thursday, June 16, 2016, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure categoryIndexesPercent change from
 
Historical
data
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016

All items

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252.250252.854254.2701.00.80.6

All items (December 1977 = 100)

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397.217398.168400.397   
 

Food and beverages

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253.212252.308253.0980.90.00.3

Food

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253.261252.236253.1530.90.00.4

Food at home

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248.472246.278247.349-0.6-0.50.4

Food away from home

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263.547264.313265.0012.90.60.3

Alcoholic beverages

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251.396252.050251.1941.4-0.1-0.3
 

Housing

Jump to page with historical data
266.340267.159267.7211.30.50.2

Shelter

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329.542330.202331.1802.60.50.3

Rent of primary residence (1)

Jump to page with historical data
331.634332.072332.6093.10.30.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

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341.632342.247342.9842.60.40.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

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341.362341.976342.7092.60.40.2

Fuels and utilities

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204.437206.830206.666-5.31.1-0.1

Household energy

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179.675182.209181.920-6.91.2-0.2

Energy services (1)

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183.484186.299185.770-3.81.2-0.3

Electricity (1)

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196.205197.366196.766-4.10.3-0.3

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

Jump to page with historical data
143.522149.653149.311-3.04.0-0.2

Household furnishings and operations

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122.529122.791122.538-1.70.0-0.2
 

Apparel

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132.054132.779132.9110.70.60.1
 

Transportation

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189.627190.762195.913-1.83.32.7

Private transportation

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180.554181.751186.608-2.43.42.7

New and used motor vehicles (3)

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97.46797.68697.946-0.70.50.3

New vehicles

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145.899145.652145.410-0.1-0.3-0.2

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

Jump to page with historical data
101.085100.909100.740-0.1-0.3-0.2

New cars (4)

Jump to page with historical data
138.047137.514137.174-0.7-0.6-0.2

Used cars and trucks

Jump to page with historical data
150.792153.201154.668-1.42.61.0

Motor fuel

Jump to page with historical data
157.071161.526181.944-12.415.812.6

Gasoline (all types)

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156.349160.807181.275-12.215.912.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

Jump to page with historical data
152.914157.741178.765-12.816.913.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

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173.232175.802194.214-10.312.110.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium (4)

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173.424175.394191.315-9.010.39.1
 

Medical care

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478.863479.701482.4723.00.80.6

Medical care commodities

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377.418381.577383.6811.41.70.6

Medical care services

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507.637507.331510.2973.40.50.6

Professional services

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369.841368.111369.6112.3-0.10.4
 

Recreation (3)

Jump to page with historical data
120.729121.334121.4530.40.60.1
 

Education and communication (3)

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141.130141.145140.8872.2-0.2-0.2
 

Other goods and services

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458.077459.605459.2803.20.3-0.1
 

Commodity and service group

 

Commodities

Jump to page with historical data
182.954183.369185.241-1.51.31.0

Commodities less food and beverages

Jump to page with historical data
145.277146.206148.423-3.22.21.5

Nondurables less food and beverages

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177.997179.738184.211-4.23.52.5

Durables

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105.885106.093106.343-1.60.40.2

Services

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319.212319.998321.0412.30.60.3
 

Special aggregate indexes

 

All items less shelter

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225.732226.320227.9080.11.00.7

All items less medical care

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242.297242.892244.2470.80.80.6

Commodities less food

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149.062149.987152.128-2.92.11.4

Nondurables

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215.073215.583218.360-1.41.51.3

Nondurables less food

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182.297183.973188.127-3.73.22.3

Services less rent of shelter (2)

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319.221320.143321.3032.00.70.4

Services less medical care services

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306.212307.068307.9832.20.60.3

Energy

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170.903174.204182.145-9.36.64.6

All items less energy

Jump to page with historical data
263.099263.437264.2081.80.40.3

All items less food and energy

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266.546267.116267.8682.00.50.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, May 17, 2016