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News Release Information

16-44-PHI
Thursday, January 21, 2016

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Fatal Work Injuries in the Baltimore Area — 2014

Fatal work injuries totaled 38 in 2014 for the Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, Md. Metropolitan Statistical Area, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that while the 2014 count was preliminary, the number of work-related fatalities in the Baltimore area was little changed from the previous year. Since area data first became available in 2003, fatal occupational injuries in the area have ranged from a low of 28 in 2011 to a high of 59 in 2006. (See chart 1.)

Nationwide, a preliminary total of 4,679 fatal work injuries were recorded in 2014, up from the revised count of 4,585 fatal work injuries in 2013, according to the results from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) program. Final 2014 CFOI data will be released in the late spring of 2016.

 

Of the 38 fatal work injuries reported in the Baltimore area in 2014, violence and other injuries by persons or animals accounted for 15 worker deaths, an increase from the 9 worker deaths reported in 2013. Transportation incidents and falls, slips, or trips each accounted for eight worker deaths in 2014, little changed from 2013. Contacts with objects and equipment accounted for six worker fatalities in 2014, unchanged from the 2013 count. Exposure to harmful substances or environments accounted for one workplace fatality in 2014, compared to four in 2013. (See table 1.) (Note that roadway incident counts presented are expected to rise when updated 2014 data are released in the late spring of 2016 because key source documentation detailing specific transportation-related incidents has not yet been received.)

Within violence and other injuries by persons or animals, homicides was the most frequent type of workplace fatality in the Baltimore area with 11 deaths. Roadway incidents involving motorized land vehicles was the most frequent event within transportation incidents, accounting for 4 of the 8 worker deaths. Falls to a lower level accounted for 7 of the 8 fatalities in the falls, slips, or trips category. Within contact with objects and equipment, 5 of the 6 fatalities were a result of being struck by an object or equipment.

In the United States, transportation incidents were the most frequent fatal workplace event in 2014, accounting for 40 percent of fatal work injuries; falls, slips, and trips was the second-most frequent fatal event in the nation with 17 percent. In Baltimore, these two events tied for the second-most frequent causes of workplace fatalities at 21 percent each. (See chart 2.) Violence and other injuries by persons or animals accounted for 16 percent of the nation’s workplace fatalities; in Baltimore, this event was the most frequent with 39 percent of worker fatalities.

 

Additional highlights:

  • Within private industry, the construction sector had the largest number of number of work-related fatalities in the area with eight in 2014. In the previous year, this industry recorded five fatalities. (See table 2.) Falls to a lower level accounted for half of the 2014 worker deaths within private industry construction.
  • In the Baltimore area, transportation and material moving occupations had the highest number of workplace fatalities in 2014 with eight, similar to the number in 2013. (See table 3.) Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations had the next-highest fatality count with seven; in 2013, this occupational group had two workplace fatalities.
  • Men accounted for 84 percent of the work-related fatalities in the Baltimore area; men made up 92 percent nationwide. (See table 4.) In Baltimore, violence and other injuries by persons or animals was the most frequent fatal event for men, accounting for 31 percent. This event was also the most frequent for women, accounting for five of the six workplace fatalities.
  • Fifty-five percent of those who died from a workplace injury in the Baltimore area were white non-Hispanics; nationwide their share was 68 percent. The most frequent event in Baltimore for this group was falls, slips, or trips. Non-Hispanic black or African-American workers accounted for 26 percent of the area’s fatal injuries, with violence and other injuries by persons or animals accounting for almost half of these fatalities. In the United States, this group accounted for 10 percent of total workplace fatalities.
  • Workers 25-54 years old—the prime working age group—accounted for 58 percent of the area’s work-related fatalities in 2014, matching the national share. In the Baltimore area, the single age group with the largest number of fatal injuries was 45-54 years old with 29 percent of the area’s total.
  • Of the 38 fatally-injured workers in the Baltimore area, 87 percent worked for wages and salaries; the remainder were self-employed. The most frequent fatal event for the wage and salary group was violence and other injuries by persons or animals.
  • The highest number of fatal workplace injuries in the Baltimore area occurred on Friday, with almost one-third of all worker fatalities in the area occurring on this day of the week. Nationally, 15 percent of workplace fatalities occurred on this day.

Technical Note

Background of the program. The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI), part of the BLS Occupational Safety and Health Statistics (OSHS) program, compiles a count of all fatal work injuries occurring in the U.S. during the calendar year. The CFOI program uses diverse state, federal, and independent data sources to identify, verify, and describe fatal work injuries. This ensures counts are as complete and accurate as possible.

For technical information and definitions for CFOI, please go to the BLS Handbook of Methods on the BLS web site at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch9.pdf.

Federal/State agency coverage. The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries includes data for all fatal work injuries, whether the decedent was working in a job covered by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) or other federal or state agencies or was outside the scope of regulatory coverage. Thus, any comparison between the BLS fatality census counts and those released by other agencies should take into account the different coverage requirements and definitions being used by each agency.

Acknowledgments. BLS thanks the Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation for their efforts in collecting accurate, comprehensive, and useful data on fatal work injuries. BLS also appreciates the efforts of all federal, state, local, and private sector entities that provided source documents used to identify fatal work injuries.

The Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, Md. Metropolitan Statistical Area is composed of Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Harford, Howard, and Queen Anne’s Counties and Baltimore City in Maryland.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200. Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure, Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, Md., 2013-14
Event or exposure(1)2013(2)2014(p)
NumberNumberPercent

Total

3638100

Violence and other injuries by persons or animals

91539

Intentional injury by person

91334

Homicides

61129

Shooting by other person--intentional

3821

Stabbing, cutting, slashing, piercing

138

Transportation incidents

10821

Pedestrian vehicular incident

525

Pedestrian struck by vehicle in work zone

225

Pedestrian struck by forward-moving vehicle in work zone

225

Roadway incident involving motorized land vehicle

5411

Roadway collision with other vehicle

313

Roadway collision moving and standing vehicle in roadway

-13

Roadway noncollision incident

-13

Jack-knifed or overturned, roadway

-13

Fall, slip, trip

6821

Fall to lower level

5718

Fall from collapsing structure or equipment

113

Fall from collapsing structure or equipment more than 30 feet

113

Fall through surface or existing opening

-25

Fall through surface or existing opening 16 to 20 feet

-13

Fall through surface or existing opening 26 to 30 feet

-13

Other fall to lower level

3411

Other fall to lower level 6 to 10 feet

-13

Other fall to lower level more than 30 feet

-25

Exposure to harmful substances or environments

413

Exposure to other harmful substances

-13

Inhalation of harmful substance

-13

Inhalation of harmful substance single episode

-13

Contact with objects and equipment

6616

Struck by object or equipment

3513

Struck by powered vehicle nontransport

-38

Struck by other falling powered vehicle

-13

Footnotes:
(1) Based on the BLS Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS) 2.01 implemented for 2011 data forward.
(2) Data for 2013 are revised and final.
(p) Data for 2014 are preliminary. Revised and final 2014 data are scheduled to be released spring 2016.
 

NOTE: Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. Percentages may not add to totals because of rounding. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. CFOI fatality counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.
 

Table 2. Fatal occupational injuries by industry, Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, Md., 2013-14
Industry(1)2013(2)2014(p)
NumberNumberPercent

Total

3638100

Private industry

263695

Goods-producing

8924

Construction

5821

Specialty trade contractors

4821

Foundation, structure, and building exterior contractors

3411

Poured concrete foundation and structure contractors

-13

Nonresidential poured concrete foundation and structure contractors

-13

Structural steel and precast concrete contractors

-13

Nonresidential structural steel and precast concrete contractors

-13

Roofing contractors

-13

Residential roofing contractors

-13

Siding contractors

113

Residential siding contractors

-13

Building equipment contractors

1--

Electrical contractors and other wiring installation contractors

-13

Nonresidential electrical contractors and other wiring installation contractors

-13

Other specialty trade contractors

-25

Site preparation contractors

-13

Residential site preparation contractors

-13

All other specialty trade contractors

-13

All other nonresidential specialty trade contractors

-13

Service-providing

182771

Trade, transportation, and utilities

61129

Retail trade

2616

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

---

Automobile dealers

---

Used car dealers

-13

Food and beverage stores

-13

Grocery stores

-13

Convenience stores

-13

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

-25

Clothing stores

-25

Family clothing stores

-25

Transportation and warehousing

2513

Transit and ground passenger transportation

138

Taxi and limousine service

138

Taxi service

138

Professional and business services

5821

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

5616

Administrative and support services

4616

Services to buildings and dwellings

2616

Janitorial services

-13

Landscaping services

2411

Leisure and hospitality

3411

Accommodation and food services

3411

Food services and drinking places

3411

Drinking places (alcoholic beverages)

-13

Drinking places (alcoholic beverages)

-13

Restaurants and other eating places

-38

Restaurants and other eating places

-38

Limited-service restaurants

-13

Other services, except public administration

---

Personal and laundry services

-13

Personal care services

-13

Hair, nail, and skin care services

-13

Nail salons

-13

Government(3)

1025

Federal government

513

Service-providing

513

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1--

Public administration

413

National security and international affairs

413

National security and international affairs

413

National security

413

Local government

413

Service-providing

413

Professional and business services

1--

Public administration

313

Justice, public order, and safety activities

313

Justice, public order, and safety activities

313

Fire protection

113

Footnotes:
(1) Industry data for 2013 are based on the North American Industry Classification System, 2007. Industry data for 2014 are based on the North American Industry Classification System, 2012.
(2) Data for 2013 are revised and final.
(3) Includes fatal injuries to workers employed by governmental organizations regardless of industry.
(p) Data for 2014 are preliminary. Revised and final 2014 data are scheduled to be released spring 2016.
 

NOTE: Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. Percentages may not add to totals because of rounding. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. CFOI fatality counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.
 

Table 3. Fatal occupational injuries by occupation, Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, Md., 2013-14
Occupation(1)2013(2)2014(p)
NumberNumberPercent

Total

3638100

Service occupations

101437

Protective service occupations

638

First-line supervisors/managers, protective service workers

113

First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers

-13

First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers

-13

Other protective service workers

225

Security guards and gaming surveillance officers

113

Security guards

113

Miscellaneous protective service workers

113

Crossing guards

113

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

2718

Building cleaning and pest control workers

-13

Building cleaning workers

-13

Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners

-13

Grounds maintenance workers

1513

Grounds maintenance workers

1513

Landscaping and groundskeeping workers

1411

Personal care and service occupations

-13

Personal appearance workers

-13

Miscellaneous personal appearance workers

-13

Manicurists and pedicurists

-13

Sales and office occupations

3411

Sales and related occupations

2411

Retail sales workers

138

Retail salespersons

-13

Retail salespersons

-13

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

10924

Construction and extraction occupations

6616

Supervisors of construction and extraction workers

-25

First-line supervisors/managers of construction trades and extraction workers

-25

First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers

-25

Construction trades workers

4411

Construction laborers

-25

Construction laborers

-25

Construction equipment operators

-13

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

-13

Roofers

-13

Roofers

-13

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

438

Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

-13

Automotive technicians and repairers

-13

Automotive service technicians and mechanics

-13

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

7924

Transportation and material moving occupations

7821

Motor vehicle operators

4821

Driver/sales workers and truck drivers

3513

Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers

-38

Taxi drivers and chauffeurs

138

Taxi drivers and chauffeurs

138

Footnotes:
(1) Occupation data are based on the Standard Occupational Classification system, 2010. Total may include occupations not shown.
(2) Data for 2013 are revised and final.
(p) Data for 2014 are preliminary. Revised and final 2014 data are scheduled to be released in spring 2016.
 

NOTE: Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. Percentages may not add to totals because of rounding. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. CFOI fatality counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.
 

Table 4. Fatal occupational injuries by worker characteristics, Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, Md., 2013-14
Worker characteristics2013(1)2014(p)
NumberNumberPercent

Total

3638100
Employee status   

Wage and salary workers(2)

293387

Self-employed(3)

7513
Gender   

Women

1616

Men

353284
Age(4)   

20 to 24 years

3411

25 to 34 years

638

35 to 44 years

9821

45 to 54 years

71129

55 to 64 years

9718

65 years and over

-513
Race or ethnic origin(5)   

White (non-Hispanic)

242155

Black or African-American (non-Hispanic)

91026

Hispanic or Latino

-411

Asian (non-Hispanic)

-38

Footnotes:
(1) Data for 2013 are revised and final.
(2) May include volunteers and workers receiving other types of compensation.
(3) Includes self-employed workers, owners of unincorporated businesses and farms, paid and unpaid family workers, and may include some owners of incorporated businesses or members of partnerships.
(4) Information may not be available for all age groups.
(5) Persons identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. The race categories shown exclude Hispanic and Latino workers.
(p) Data for 2014 are preliminary. Revised and final 2014 data are scheduled to be released in spring 2016.
 

NOTE: Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. Percentages may not add to totals because of rounding. Dashes indicate no data reported or data do not meet publication criteria. CFOI fatality counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, January 21, 2016