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News Release Information

16-153-PHI
Thursday, January 21, 2016

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Fatal Work Injuries in Maryland — 2014

Fatal work injuries totaled 73 in 2014 for Maryland, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that while the 2014 count was preliminary, the number of work-related fatalities in Maryland declined by six over the year and was the seventh lowest count in the state since 1992. Fatal occupational injuries in Maryland have ranged from a high of 106 in 2006 to a low of 60 in 2008. (See chart 1.)

Nationwide, a preliminary total of 4,679 fatal work injuries were recorded in 2014, up from the revised count of 4,585 fatal work injuries in 2013, according to the results from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) program. Final 2014 CFOI data will be released in the late spring of 2016.

Of the 73 fatal work injuries reported in Maryland in 2014, 24 resulted from violence and other injuries by persons or animals, compared with 17 in the prior year. Transportation incidents was the next most frequent event with 21 worker deaths, a decrease from 23 in 2013. (See table 1.) In the violence and other injuries by persons or animals category, two-thirds of the fatal injuries were homicides and one-quarter were suicides. Within transportation incidents, nine deaths were caused by roadway incidents. (Note that roadway incident counts are expected to rise when updated 2014 data are released in the late spring of 2016 because key source documentation detailing specific transportation-related incidents has not yet been received.)

In the United States, transportation incidents was the most frequent fatal workplace event in 2014, accounting for 40 percent of fatal work injuries. In Maryland, transportation incidents accounted for 29 percent of the state’s fatalities. (See chart 2.) Falls, slips, or trips was the second-most frequent event in the nation accounting for 17 percent of workplace fatalities; the share in Maryland was 16 percent. Violence and other injuries by persons or animals accounted for 16 percent of work-related fatalities while in Maryland, this event was responsible for 33 percent of workplace fatalities. Contact with objects and equipment resulted in 15 percent of national fatalities, the same share as the state.

Additional highlights:

  • Within private industry, the construction sector had the largest number of fatalities in the state with 16, compared to 18 in 2013. (See table 2.) Falls, slips, or trips accounted for six of the 2014 worker deaths in this industry, followed by transportation incidents with five fatalities. The majority of the fatalities in the construction sector were workers employed in specialty trade contracting (14).
  • Retail trade had the second-highest fatality count in the private sector with 12, compared to 4 in the previous year. Violence and other injuries by persons or animals were responsible for 9 of the 12 fatalities in this industry sector.
  • Transportation and material moving occupations had the highest number of workplace fatalities in Maryland with 19. (See table 3.) Eight of these fatalities were heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers. Workers in construction and extraction occupations had the next-highest fatality count at 12, followed by building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations and sales and related occupations with 9 fatalities each.
  • Men accounted for 90 percent, of the work-related fatalities in the state, similar to their 92-percent share nationally. (See table 4.) Transportation incidents made up 30 percent of these fatalities, while violence and other injuries by persons or animals accounted for 29 percent. Five of the seven fatal injuries to women were due to violence and other injuries by persons or animals.
  • In Maryland, 56 percent of those who died from a workplace injury were white non-Hispanics. Nationwide, this group accounted for 68 percent of work-related deaths. The share of fatalities among black or African-American non-Hispanics was 26 percent in the state and 10 percent nationwide.
  • Workers 25-54 years old—the prime working age group—accounted for 59 percent of the state’s work-related fatalities in 2014. Nationally, workers in this group accounted for 58 percent of on-the-job fatalities. In Maryland, 14 percent of fatal workplace injuries were to workers 65 years of age and over, the same as national share.
  • Of the 73 fatally-injured workers in Maryland, 86 percent worked for wages and salaries; the remainder were self-employed. In the U.S., wage and salary workers represented 78 percent of all fatal work injuries. The most frequent fatal event for wage and salary workers in Maryland was violence and other injuries by persons or animals, accounting for one-third, followed by transportation incidents at 30 percent.
  • In 2011, CFOI began identifying if a fatally-injured worker was working as a contractor and recording the industry of both the worker and the contracting firm. A contractor is defined as a worker employed by one firm but working at the behest of another firm that exercises overall responsibility for the operations at the site of the fatal injury. In 2014, Maryland had 19 fatally-injured workers identified as fitting the contractor criteria; 16 were in the private sector, 2 in state government and 1 in local government. Of these 19 contractor fatalities, 11 occurred at contracting firms in the construction industry.

Technical Note

Background of the program. The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI), part of the BLS Occupational Safety and Health Statistics (OSHS) program, compiles a count of all fatal work injuries occurring in the U.S. during the calendar year. The CFOI program uses diverse state, federal, and independent data sources to identify, verify, and describe fatal work injuries. This ensures counts are as complete and accurate as possible.

For technical information and definitions for CFOI, please go to the BLS Handbook of Methods on the BLS web site at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch9.pdf.

Federal/State agency coverage. The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries includes data for all fatal work injuries, whether the decedent was working in a job covered by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) or other federal or state agencies or was outside the scope of regulatory coverage. Thus, any comparison between the BLS fatality census counts and those released by other agencies should take into account the different coverage requirements and definitions being used by each agency.

Acknowledgments. BLS thanks the Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation for their efforts in collecting accurate, comprehensive, and useful data on fatal work injuries. BLS also appreciates the efforts of all federal, state, local, and private sector entities that provided source documents used to identify fatal work injuries.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure, Maryland, 2013-14
Event or exposure (1)2013 (2)2014 (p)
NumberNumberPercent

Total

7973100

Violence and other injuries by persons or animals

172433

Intentional injury by person

162230

Homicides

91622

Shooting by other person--intentional

61014

Stabbing, cutting, slashing, piercing

157

Suicides

768

Shooting--intentional self-harm

334

Hanging, strangulation, asphyxiation--intentional self-harm

--34

Transportation incidents

232129

Aircraft incidents

------

Aircraft crash during takeoff or landing

------

Aircraft crash during takeoff or landing--due to mechanical failure

--34

Pedestrian vehicular incident

1145

Pedestrian struck by vehicle in work zone

434

Pedestrian struck by forward-moving vehicle in work zone

434

Pedestrian struck by vehicle in roadway

411

Pedestrian struck by forward-moving vehicle in roadway

411

Roadway incident involving motorized land vehicle

8912

Roadway collision with other vehicle

534

Roadway collision moving in same direction

211

Roadway collision with object other than vehicle

345

Vehicle struck object or animal on side of roadway

345

Roadway noncollision incident

--23

Jack-knifed or overturned, roadway

--23

Nonroadway incident involving motorized land vehicles

445

Nonroadway noncollision incident

345

Fall or jump from and struck by same vehicle in normal operation, nonroadway

--11

Fall or jump from vehicle in normal operation, nonroadway

--11

Fire or explosion

311

Explosion

111

Explosion of pressure vessel, piping, or tire

111

Fall, slip, trip

171216

Fall to lower level

141115

Fall from collapsing structure or equipment

111

Fall from collapsing structure or equipment more than 30 feet

111

Fall through surface or existing opening

--45

Fall through surface or existing opening 26 to 30 feet

--23

Other fall to lower level

1168

Other fall to lower level 16 to 20 feet

411

Other fall to lower level more than 30 feet

123

Exposure to harmful substances or environments

745

Exposure to other harmful substances

--45

Inhalation of harmful substance

--34

Inhalation of harmful substance single episode

--34

Contact with objects and equipment

121115

Struck by object or equipment

9912

Struck by powered vehicle nontransport

445

Struck by other falling powered vehicle

--11

Struck by falling object or equipment

457

Struck, caught, or crushed in collapsing structure, equipment, or material

211

Excavation or trenching cave-in

111

Footnotes:
(1) Based on the BLS Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS) 2.01 implemented for 2011 data forward.
(2) Totals for 2013 are revised and final.
(p) Data for 2014 are preliminary. Revised and final 2014 data are scheduled to be releases in spring 2016.

NOTE: Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. Percentages may not add to totals because of rounding. CFOI fatality counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Table 2. Fatal occupational injuries by industry, Maryland, 2013-14
Industry (1)2013 (2)2014 (p)
NumberNumberPercent

Total

7973100

Private industry

606995

Goods producing

252027

Natural resources and mining

534

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

534

Support activities for agriculture and forestry

--11

Support activities for animal production

--11

Support activities for animal production

--11

Construction

181622

Heavy and civil engineering construction

223

Utility system construction

--11

Water and sewer line and related structures construction

--11

Highway, street, and bridge construction

211

Highway, street, and bridge construction

211

Specialty trade contractors

101419

Foundation, structure, and building exterior contractors

768

Poured concrete foundation and structure contractors

--11

Nonresidential poured concrete foundation and structure contractors

--11

Structural steel and precast concrete contractors

--11

Nonresidential structural steel and precast concrete contractors

--11

Framing contractors

411

Residential framing contractors

311

Roofing contractors

--23

Residential roofing contractors

123

Siding contractors

111

Residential siding contractors

--11

Building equipment contractors

--45

Electrical contractors and other wiring installation contractors

--11

Nonresidential electrical contractors and other wiring installation contractors

--11

Plumbing, heating, and air-conditioning contractors

--34

Residential plumbing, heating, and air-conditioning contractors

--11

Building finishing contractors

--23

Drywall and insulation contractors

--11

Residential drywall and insulation contractors

--11

Painting and wall covering contractors

--11

Residential painting and wall covering contractors

--11

Other specialty trade contractors

--23

Site preparation contractors

--11

Residential site preparation contractors

--11

All other specialty trade contractors

--11

All other nonresidential specialty trade contractors

--11

Service providing

354967

Trade, transportation, and utilities

132129

Retail trade

41216

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

------

Automobile dealers

------

Used car dealers

--11

Food and beverage stores

--34

Grocery stores

--34

Convenience stores

--23

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

------

Clothing stores

--23

Family clothing stores

--23

Miscellaneous store retailers

111

Used merchandise stores

--11

Used merchandise stores

--11

Transportation and warehousing

5912

Truck transportation

345

General freight trucking

334

General freight trucking, local

--11

Transit and ground passenger transportation

145

Taxi and limousine service

145

Taxi service

145

Information

--11

Telecommunications

--11

Wired telecommunications carriers

--11

Wired telecommunications carriers

--11

Financial activities

------

Real estate and rental and leasing

------

Rental and leasing services

--11

Commercial and industrial machinery and equipment rental and leasing

--11

Construction, transportation, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and leasing

--11

Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment rental and leasing

--11

Professional and business services

81318

Professional, scientific, and technical services

--34

Professional, scientific, and technical services

--34

Scientific research and development services

--11

Research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences

--11

Research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences (except biotechnology)

--11

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

71014

Administrative and support services

6912

Employment services

--11

Temporary help services

--11

Services to buildings and dwellings

3811

Janitorial services

--11

Landscaping services

368

Waste management and remediation services

--11

Waste collection

--11

Waste collection

--11

Solid waste collection

--11

Educational and health services

--57

Health care and social assistance

--57

Ambulatory health care services

------

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

--23

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

--23

Medical laboratories

--23

Nursing and residential care facilities

------

Other residential care facilities

--11

Leisure and hospitality

657

Accommodation and food services

657

Food services and drinking places

557

Drinking places (alcoholic beverages)

--11

Drinking places (alcoholic beverages)

--11

Restaurants and other eating places

--45

Restaurants and other eating places

--45

Other services, except public administration

6----

Personal and laundry services

--11

Personal care services

--11

Hair, nail, and skin care services

--11

Nail salons

--11

Government (3)

1945

Federal government

1023

Service providing

1023

Public administration

823

National security and international affairs

523

National security and international affairs

523

National security

523

Local government

823

Service providing

823

Trade, transportation, and utilities

111

Utilities

--11

Utilities

--11

Water, sewage and other systems

--11

Sewage treatment facilities

--11

Public administration

411

Justice, public order, and safety activities

411

Justice, public order, and safety activities

411

Fire protection

211

Footnotes:
(1) Industry data for 2013 are based on the North American Industry Classification System, 2007. Industry data for 2014 are based on the North American Industry Classification System, 2012.
(2) Totals for 2013 are revised and final.
(3) Includes fatal injuries to workers employed by governmental organizations regardless of industry.
(p) Data for 2014 are preliminary. Revised and final 2014 data are scheduled to be released in spring 2016.

NOTE: Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. Percentages may not add to totals because of rounding. CFOI fatality counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Table 3. Fatal occupational injuries by occupation, Maryland, 2013-14
Occupation (1)2013 (2)2014 (p)
NumberNumberPercent

Total

7973100

Management, business, science, and arts occupations

15710

Management, business, and financial occupations

1068

Management occupations

1057

Top executives

--23

Chief executives

--23

Chief executives

--23

Other management occupations

10----

Medical and health services managers

--11

Medical and health services managers

--11

Service occupations

141825

Protective service occupations

745

First-line supervisors/managers, protective service workers

211

First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers

111

First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers

111

Other protective service workers

234

Security guards and gaming surveillance officers

111

Security guards

111

Miscellaneous protective service workers

123

Crossing guards

123

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

4912

Building cleaning and pest control workers

--11

Building cleaning workers

--11

Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners

--11

Grounds maintenance workers

3710

Grounds maintenance workers

3710

Landscaping and groundskeeping workers

--57

Personal care and service occupations

------

Personal appearance workers

--11

Miscellaneous personal appearance workers

--11

Manicurists and pedicurists

--11

Sales and office occupations

6912

Sales and related occupations

4912

Supervisors, sales workers

257

First-line supervisors/managers, sales workers

257

First-line supervisors of retail sales workers

257

Retail sales workers

145

Cashiers

134

Cashiers

134

Retail salespersons

--11

Retail salespersons

--11

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

261723

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

--11

Agricultural workers

--11

Miscellaneous agricultural workers

--11

Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals

--11

Construction and extraction occupations

171216

Supervisors of construction and extraction workers

423

First-line supervisors/managers of construction trades and extraction workers

423

First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers

423

Construction trades workers

10912

Construction laborers

345

Construction laborers

345

Construction equipment operators

--11

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

--11

Painters and paperhangers

--11

Painters, construction and maintenance

--11

Roofers

--23

Roofers

--23

Helpers, construction trades

--11

Helpers, construction trades

--11

Helpers--carpenters

--11

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

945

Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

411

Automotive technicians and repairers

--11

Automotive service technicians and mechanics

--11

Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4----

Line installers and repairers

--11

Telecommunications line installers and repairers

--11

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

142129

Transportation and material moving occupations

141926

Motor vehicle operators

91521

Driver/sales workers and truck drivers

71115

Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers

6811

Taxi drivers and chauffeurs

145

Taxi drivers and chauffeurs

145

Material moving workers

534

Laborers and material movers, hand

334

Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand

334

Military occupations (3)

411

Footnotes:
(1) Occupation data are based on the Standard Occupation Classification system, 2010.
(2) Totals for 2013 are revised and final.
(3) Includes fatal injuries to persons identified as resident armed forces regardless of individual occupation listed.
(p) Data for 2014 are preliminary. Revised and final 2014 data are scheduled to be released in spring 2016.

NOTE: Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. Percentages may not add to totals because of rounding. CFOI fatality counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Table 4. Fatal occupational injuries by worker characteristics, Maryland, 2013-14
Worker characteristics2013 (1)2014 (p)
NumberNumberPercent

Total

7973100
Employee status   

Wage and salary workers (2)

636386

Self-employed (3)

161014
Gender   

Women

4710

Men

756690
Age (4)   

20-24 years

768

25-34 years

121318

35-44 years

201318

45-54 years

131723

55-64 years

211419

65 years and older

51014
Race or ethnic origin (5)   

White (Non Hispanic)

434156

Black or African American (Non Hispanic)

181926

Hispanic or Latino

15811

Asian (Non Hispanic)

357

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for 2013 are revised and final.
(2) May include volunteers and workers receiving other types of compensation.
(3) Includes self-employed workers, owners of unincorporated businesses and farms, paid and unpaid family workers, and may include some owners of incorporated businesses or members of partnerships.
(4) Information may not be available for all age groups.
(5) Persons identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. The race categories shown exclude Hispanic and Latino workers.
(p) Data for 2014 are preliminary. Revised and final 2014 data are scheduled to be released in spring 2016.

NOTE: Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. Percentages may not add to totals because of rounding. CFOI fatality counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, January 21, 2016