Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

18-1018-PHI
Tuesday, June 12, 2018

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:

Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – May 2018

Regional prices up 0.4 percent over the month and 2.5 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast advanced 0.4 percent in May, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that the recent one-month increase mainly reflected a 3.3-percent increase in the energy index. The all items less food and energy index also increased since April, up 0.2 percent, while the food index was unchanged over the month. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U increased 2.5 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The all items less food and energy index led the advance, rising 1.7 percent. The energy index and the food index also rose, up 12.3 and 1.8 percent, respectively, since May 2017. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index was unchanged since April as lower prices for food at home (-0.5 percent) were offset by an increase in prices for food away from home (0.6 percent).

From May 2017 to May 2018, the food index increased 1.8 percent. Prices for both food away from home and food at home increased over the year, up 3.1 and 0.9 percent, respectively.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, increased 3.3 percent in May, due mostly to higher prices for gasoline, up 6.4 percent. Prices for electricity also increased over the month, up 4.0 percent, while those for utility (piped) gas service decreased, down 4.0 percent.

The energy index advanced 12.3 percent since May 2017. The increase reflected higher prices for gasoline, up 20.3 percent. Prices also increased over the year for electricity (3.3 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (6.5 percent).

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent over the month. The recent advance was due largely to a rise in shelter prices, up 0.5 percent since April. Prices were also higher for education and communication (0.3 percent), among others, while prices were lower for recreation (-0.7 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.7 percent since May 2017, led by higher prices for shelter, up 2.8 percent. Prices also rose over the year for medical care (2.6 percent), but were lower for household furnishings and operations (-1.1 percent).

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20142015201620172018
1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month1-month12-month

January

0.61.5-0.2-0.40.00.70.62.50.51.6

February

0.11.00.2-0.20.20.70.32.60.41.7

March

0.51.50.3-0.40.20.6-0.12.20.12.0

April

0.01.60.1-0.30.61.00.31.90.42.1

May

0.42.00.4-0.30.30.90.11.70.42.5

June

0.01.90.30.00.20.70.01.5

July

0.11.8-0.1-0.20.00.8-0.21.3

August

-0.31.3-0.2-0.10.11.00.31.6

September

0.01.20.0-0.10.21.30.51.9

October

-0.21.4-0.2-0.10.21.6-0.11.5

November

-0.40.90.00.30.01.60.01.6

December

-0.50.4-0.40.50.01.90.11.7

The Consumer Price Index for June 2018 is scheduled to be released Thursday, July 12, 2018, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure categoryIndexesPercent change from
Historical
data
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018
May
2018
May
2017
Mar.
2018
Apr.
2018

All items

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0
263.556264.669265.8402.50.90.4

All items (December 1977 = 100)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100AA0
415.020416.772418.617   

Food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF
258.100259.235259.2561.80.40.0

Food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF1
258.385259.625259.5941.80.50.0

Food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF11
248.406249.436248.2200.9-0.1-0.5

Cereals and bakery products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF111
294.079293.366291.749 -0.8-0.6

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF112
252.387255.219250.683 -0.7-1.8

Dairy and related products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEFJ
225.582225.197224.775 -0.4-0.2

Fruits and vegetables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF113
310.177311.887312.553 0.80.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF114
173.398172.571172.688 -0.40.1

Other food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF115
221.806223.498223.088 0.6-0.2

Food away from home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEFV
276.763278.327280.0173.11.20.6

Alcoholic beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAF116
253.216253.071253.7311.00.20.3

Housing

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH
280.985281.574282.8482.80.70.5

Shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH1
347.179348.276349.9262.80.80.5

Rent of primary residence(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHA
349.161349.889350.5852.50.40.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHC
358.681359.918360.7642.60.60.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHC01
358.432359.669360.5102.60.60.2

Fuels and utilities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH2
231.105229.335230.9035.6-0.10.7

Household energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH21
205.988203.994205.5736.2-0.20.8

Energy services(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHF
202.979200.253202.5783.8-0.21.2

Electricity(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHF01
205.089201.559209.6973.32.24.0

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEHF02
183.764182.562175.2076.5-4.7-4.0

Household furnishings and operations

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAH3
119.485120.108120.029-1.10.5-0.1

Apparel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAA
130.835133.247133.5711.62.10.2

Transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAT
205.091207.639210.9754.62.91.6

Private transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAT1
197.503199.980202.9645.52.81.5

New and used motor vehicles(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETA
96.87196.51495.995-0.4-0.9-0.5

New vehicles

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETA01
145.485145.056144.405-1.0-0.7-0.4

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS4501A
100.821100.527100.073-0.9-0.7-0.5

New cars(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS45011
134.300133.868133.281-2.2-0.8-0.4

Used cars and trucks

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETA02
145.718145.294144.337-1.6-0.9-0.7

Motor fuel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETB
224.884237.081252.16520.312.16.4

Gasoline (all types)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETB01
223.792236.049251.14320.312.26.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS47014
221.284233.807249.07820.812.66.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS47015
237.074247.333262.08217.710.56.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SS47016
231.937241.824254.88616.99.95.4

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SETE
620.384620.681620.681 0.00.0

Medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAM
504.112504.859504.9212.60.20.0

Medical care commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAM1
390.484388.475391.6661.20.30.8

Medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAM2
536.686538.277537.3773.00.1-0.2

Professional services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEMC
380.157380.487379.2660.6-0.2-0.3

Recreation(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAR
123.949124.184123.315-0.6-0.5-0.7

Education and communication(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAE
139.664139.679140.1230.40.30.3

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SEEB
1,210.4671,210.4671,210.763 0.00.0

Other goods and services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAG
486.713488.167489.3643.10.50.2

Commodity and service group

Commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAC
189.633191.390192.3272.81.40.5

Commodities less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SACL11
152.310154.209155.4493.42.10.8

Nondurables less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SANL11
196.929201.256204.7236.74.01.7

Durables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAD
102.994102.828102.223-1.4-0.7-0.6

Services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAS
334.865335.433336.8392.40.60.4

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0L2
234.793235.922236.9262.30.90.4

All items less medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0L5
252.988254.120255.3452.50.90.5

Commodities less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SACL1
155.981157.831159.0613.32.00.8

Nondurables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SAN
227.597230.501232.4164.12.10.8

Nondurables less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SANL1
200.203204.260207.5576.33.71.6

Services less rent of shelter(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SASL2RS
333.212333.226334.4011.90.40.4

Services less medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SASL5
320.954321.452323.0162.30.60.5

Energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0E
213.671217.608224.82912.35.23.3

All items less energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0LE
271.327272.153272.6981.70.50.2

All items less food and energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUR0100SA0L1E
275.350276.113276.7561.70.50.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, June 12, 2018