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News Release Information

18-1590-PHI
Monday, October 01, 2018

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County Employment and Wages in Virginia – First Quarter 2018

Average weekly wages increased in 11 counties

Ten of the 12 largest counties in Virginia registered employment increases from March 2017 to March 2018, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are defined as those with employment of 75,000 or more as measured by 2017 annual average employment.) Newport News City had the fastest rate of employment growth at 4.1 percent, followed by Loudon County and Prince William County at 2.6 and 2.5 percent, respectively. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that Newport News City’s employment growth rate ranked 14th among the nation’s 349 largest counties. Alexandria City and Virginia Beach City recorded employment declines over the year of 1.2 percent and 0.2 percent, respectively.

Nationally, employment grew 1.6 percent during this 12-month period, as 314 of the 349 large counties nationwide gained jobs. Midland, Texas, had the largest percentage increase in employment, up 12.6 percent over the year. Kanawha, W.Va., had the largest employment decrease with a loss of 1.4 percent.

Among the 12 largest counties in Virginia, employment was highest in Fairfax (603,900) in March 2018. No other county in the commonwealth had employment above 200,000. Together, Virginia’s large counties accounted for 56.2 percent of total employment within the commonwealth. Nationwide, the 349 largest counties made up 73.1 percent of total U.S. employment.

The average weekly wage in Richmond City increased 4.4 percent from the first quarter of 2017 to the first quarter of 2018, the fastest increase among Virginia’s 12 largest counties. Prince William County had the second largest average weekly wage increase, up 4.0 percent. Arlington County had the highest average weekly wage among the largest counties in the commonwealth at $1,925, followed by Fairfax County ($1,802) and Alexandria City ($1,499). (See table 1.) Nationally, the average weekly wage increased 3.7 percent over the year to $1,152 in the first quarter of 2018.

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for the 121 counties in with employment below 75,000. Seven of these 121 counties had average weekly wages above the national average. (See table 2.)

Large county wage changes

From the first quarter of 2017 to the first quarter of 2018, 11 of the 12 large counties in Virginia recorded wage increases. Over-the-year gains in Richmond City (4.4 percent) and Prince William County (4.0 percent) ranked 59th and 85th, respectively, among the nation’s 349 large U.S. counties.

Among the 349 largest U.S. counties, 336 had over-the-year increases in average weekly wages. Peoria, Ill., had the largest percentage wage increase, (23.8 percent). Of the 13 large U.S. counties with over-the-year decreases in average weekly wages, Forsyth, N.C., had the largest decline at 4.8 percent.

Large county average weekly wages

Arlington County had the eighth-highest average weekly wage among the 349 large U.S. counties. Fairfax County and Alexandria City ranked 11th and 25th, respectively. Additionally, Richmond City and Loudoun County recorded average weekly wages above the U.S. average of $1,152.

In Chesapeake City and Virginia Beach City, average weekly wages placed in the bottom fifth of the national ranking at 304th and 318th, respectively.

Average weekly wages in Virginia’s smaller counties

Seven of the 121 counties in Virginia with employment below 75,000 had average weekly wages higher than the national average of $1,152. Among these smaller counties, Goochland ($2,464), Surry ($1,783) and King George ($1,408) had the highest average weekly wages. Mathews County reported the lowest average weekly wage at $516. (See table 2.)

When all 133 counties in Virginia were considered, 121 had wages below the national average of $1,152. Eleven counties reported wages below $600, 38 had wages from $600 to $699, 33 had wages from $700 to $799, 19 had wages from $800 to $899, and 32 had wages above $900.

Additional statistics and other information

QCEW data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit the QCEW Web site at www.bls.gov/cew/.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2017 edition of this publication is now available and contains selected data produced by Business Employment Dynamics (BED) on job gains and losses, as well as selected data from the first quarter 2018 version of the national news release. Tables and additional content from Employment and Wages Annual Averages 2017 are now available online at www.bls.gov/cew/cewbultn17.htm. The 2018 edition of Employment and Wages Annual Online will be available in September 2019.


Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The 10.0 million employer reports cover 144.6 million full- and part-time workers. The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. The result is then divided by 13, the number of weeks in a quarter. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work. Thus, wages may vary among counties, metropolitan areas, or states for reasons other than changes in the average wage level. Data for all states, Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), counties, and the nation are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/cew/; however, data in QCEW press releases have been revised and may not match the data contained on the Bureau’s Web site.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons—some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS Web site. These potential differences result from the states’ continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS Web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

 Table 1. Covered employment and wages in the United States and the 12 largest counties in Virginia, first quarter 2018
AreaEmploymentAverage weekly wage (1)
March 2018 (thousands)Percent change, March 2017-18 (2)National ranking by percent change (3)Average weekly wageNational ranking by level (3)Percent change, first quarter 2017-18 (2)National ranking by percent change (3)
United States (4)144,562.91.6--$1,152--3.7--

Virginia

3,854.41.5--1,162143.030

Alexandria City, Va.

91.5-1.23471,499252.4228

Arlington, Va.

175.91.21811,92583.993

Chesapeake City, Va.

101.12.01038503042.2253

Chesterfield, Va.

136.21.91139422213.1160

Fairfax, Va.

603.91.41581,802113.0172

Henrico, Va.

189.91.31701,1131091.5305

Loudoun, Va.

165.42.6591,289543.1160

Newport News City, Va.

100.74.1141,037153-2.4346

Norfolk City, Va.

142.70.72471,0521422.9180

Prince William, Va.

128.42.5629362264.085

Richmond City, Va.

155.10.72471,308524.459

Virginia Beach City, Va.

175.6-0.23258233183.4132

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.

(2) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.

(3) Ranking does not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

Table 2. Covered employment and wages in the United States and all counties in Virginia, first quarter 2018
AreaEmployment March 2018Average weekly wage(1)

United States(2)

144,562,926$1,152

Virginia

3,854,3811,162

Accomack

13,278758

Albemarle

55,8371,065

Alleghany

3,734658

Amelia

2,476660

Amherst

8,130724

Appomattox

3,260549

Arlington

175,8591,925

Augusta

27,152842

Bath

2,164701

Bedford

18,629728

Bland

1,996854

Botetourt

10,506778

Brunswick

3,655644

Buchanan

6,642866

Buckingham

3,286682

Campbell

17,057981

Caroline

5,575768

Carroll

6,454599

Charles City

1,721854

Charlotte

2,822640

Chesterfield

136,192942

Clarke

3,876847

Craig

718617

Culpeper

15,852800

Cumberland

1,330673

Dickenson

3,244755

Dinwiddie

8,580812

Essex

3,729626

Fairfax County

603,8991,802

Fauquier

22,178926

Floyd

3,366557

Fluvanna

4,238750

Franklin

15,173625

Frederick

31,398914

Giles

4,466786

Gloucester

9,508641

Goochland

15,8962,464

Grayson

2,915564

Greene

3,713649

Greensville

4,502798

Halifax

12,160725

Hanover

51,536817

Henrico

189,9381,113

Henry

15,874634

Highland

464616

Isle of Wight

10,6821,236

James City

28,996760

King and Queen

1,111717

King George

11,4141,408

King William

3,972850

Lancaster

4,367694

Lee

4,260631

Loudoun

165,3681,289

Louisa

10,2381,011

Lunenburg

2,610614

Madison

2,998712

Mathews

1,516516

Mecklenburg

11,440656

Middlesex

3,299668

Montgomery

42,551887

Nelson

4,080631

New Kent

4,091694

Northampton

3,965576

Northumberland

2,291752

Nottoway

5,799643

Orange

9,798706

Page

5,459617

Patrick

4,496544

Pittsylvania

12,557658

Powhatan

7,011721

Prince Edward

9,227681

Prince George

14,953996

Prince William

128,369936

Pulaski

14,024781

Rappahannock

1,341706

Richmond County

2,906707

Roanoke County

38,397797

Rockbridge

6,022608

Rockingham

33,104850

Russell

6,769799

Scott

4,618626

Shenandoah

14,120738

Smyth

11,960661

Southampton

3,575678

Spotsylvania

35,920749

Stafford

43,6291,020

Surry

2,3811,783

Sussex

3,544739

Tazewell

14,739688

Warren

12,375756

Washington

20,693689

Westmoreland

3,414593

Wise

11,703656

Wythe

11,407653

York

21,279720

Alexandria City

91,5231,499

Bristol City

9,140685

Buena Vista City

2,576624

Charlottesville City

40,1311,155

Chesapeake City

101,143850

Colonial Heights City

10,698607

Covington City

4,181997

Danville City

25,730716

Emporia City

3,315591

Fairfax City

19,5331,091

Falls Church City

12,2931,296

Franklin City

4,228583

Fredericksburg City

24,648832

Galax City

5,815620

Hampton City

54,832897

Harrisonburg City

31,534704

Hopewell City

8,0131,130

Lexington City

4,597779

Lynchburg City

51,935842

Manassas City

22,0711,211

Manassas Park City

3,591903

Martinsville City

9,099665

Newport News City

100,7191,037

Norfolk City

142,6701,052

Norton City

3,418693

Petersburg City

13,068756

Poquoson City

1,891594

Portsmouth City

44,273995

Radford City

6,047832

Richmond City

155,0621,308

Roanoke City

65,958879

Salem City

20,062948

Staunton City

11,196708

Suffolk City

30,986901

Virginia Beach City

175,564823

Waynesboro City

9,434732

Williamsburg City

12,922809

Winchester City

25,505901

Footnotes
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

NOTE: Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs. Data are preliminary.

Table 3. Covered employment and wages by state, first quarter 2018
StateEmploymentAverage weekly wage (1)
March 2018 (thousands)Percent change, March 2017-18Average weekly wageNational ranking by levelPercent change, first quarter 2017-18National ranking by percent change

United States (2)

144,562.91.6$1,152--3.7--

Alabama

1,948.91.1919362.934

Alaska

311.2-0.51,074202.344

Arizona

2,822.52.81,025223.519

Arkansas

1,211.40.9879442.440

California

17,152.52.11,35264.46

Colorado

2,639.52.51,175113.422

Connecticut

1,651.90.11,44742.440

Delaware

438.71.21,202101.351

District of Columbia

770.21.21,91711.949

Florida

8,716.82.2988254.19

Georgia

4,409.12.31,095172.344

Hawaii

658.40.3974292.344

Idaho

712.63.5809504.37

Illinois

5,909.31.01,24183.910

Indiana

3,018.81.2954323.910

Iowa

1,525.80.5921352.440

Kansas

1,370.60.2912402.738

Kentucky

1,873.70.5901412.539

Louisiana

1,914.70.5932343.030

Maine

592.10.9891433.616

Maryland

2,646.90.91,20993.226

Massachusetts

3,509.91.11,51035.62

Michigan

4,289.01.41,078193.422

Minnesota

2,823.60.71,175112.147

Mississippi

1,125.90.1765512.147

Missouri

2,777.60.5960313.128

Montana

455.51.0819492.440

Nebraska

966.00.4898423.616

Nevada

1,351.63.0977284.85

New Hampshire

648.20.81,122154.93

New Jersey

3,997.61.31,37353.030

New Mexico

813.31.0862472.934

New York

9,318.91.81,59723.422

North Carolina

4,370.61.81,022233.030

North Dakota

408.20.6988253.715

Ohio

5,328.50.91,005242.934

Oklahoma

1,600.91.8914383.519

Oregon

1,894.32.01,026214.37

Pennsylvania

5,787.21.41,115163.422

Rhode Island

469.91.11,086183.226

South Carolina

2,067.42.2877451.750

South Dakota

417.51.0842482.837

Tennessee

2,950.01.6978273.519

Texas

12,179.22.01,168133.910

Utah

1,458.83.3949334.93

Vermont

307.10.4917373.128

Virginia

3,854.41.51,162143.030

Washington

3,316.12.81,30677.71

West Virginia

684.80.6868463.616

Wisconsin

2,831.71.0968303.814

Wyoming

263.70.3914383.910

Puerto Rico

856.7-3.8563(3)7.0(3)

Virgin Islands

33.3-15.5969(3)24.4(3)

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(3) Data not included in the national ranking.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, October 01, 2018