Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

19-1645-PHI
Thursday, September 12, 2019

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:

Consumer Price Index, Baltimore-Columbia-Towson – August 2019

Area prices increased 0.3 percent since June; up 1.1 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Baltimore-Columbia-Towson edged up 0.3 percent from June to August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Sheila Watkins noted that the recent two-month increase was due to a 0.5-percent rise in the all items less food and energy index. The energy index and food index decreased since June, down 2.0 and 0.2 percent, respectively. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 1.1 percent. The over-the-year rise was due almost entirely to an increase in the all items less food and energy index (2.0 percent). The food index also rose over the year, up 0.9 percent, while prices for energy decreased, down 8.3 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index edged down 0.2 percent over the last two months. Prices declined for food at home, down 0.4 percent. Within the food at home component, prices were lower for various items including eggs, while prices were higher for items including bread, among others. Prices for food away from home were unchanged over the last two months.

Over the year, the food index increased 0.9 percent. Prices rose for food away from home (3.0 percent) while those for food at home declined (-0.9 percent).

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, decreased 2.0 percent since June. Prices were lower for gasoline and electricity over the last two months, down 2.3 and 1.3 percent, respectively. Utility (piped) gas service prices also decreased, down 2.9 percent.

Over the year, the energy index declined 8.3 percent. Prices were lower for gasoline (-9.8 percent) and electricity (-8.4 percent) since June 2018, while those for utility (piped) gas service increased 11.6 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.5 percent from June to August. Higher prices for medical care (7.6 percent), recreation (2.8 percent), and education and communication (1.8 percent) were moderated by lower prices for shelter (-1.8 percent), among others.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.0 percent since August 2018, led by higher prices for medical care (8.9 percent) and education and communication (3.6 percent). Prices were also higher for shelter (0.4 percent), but were lower for apparel (-1.5 percent).

The Consumer Price Index for October 2019 is scheduled to be released Wednesday, November 13, 2019 at 8:30 am (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index for Baltimore-Columbia-Towson is published bi-monthly. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD, Core Based Statistical Area includes Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Baltimore City, Carroll, Harford, Howard, and Queen Anne’s Counties in Maryland.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure categoryIndexesPercent change from
Historical
data
Jun.
2019
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019
Aug.
2018
Jun.
2019
Jul.
2019

All items

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0
256.790 257.4551.10.3 

Food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF
263.144 262.6350.9-0.2 

Food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF1
262.632 261.9920.9-0.2 

Food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF11
233.001232.663232.020-0.9-0.4-0.3

Cereals and bakery products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF111
292.247 290.367-2.2-0.6 

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF112
221.891 228.1130.52.8 

Dairy and related products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEFJ
234.598 234.7725.20.1 

Fruits and vegetables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF113
282.710 275.8602.2-2.4 

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF114
173.212 169.434-4.6-2.2 

Other food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF115
210.144 208.059-3.9-1.0 

Food away from home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEFV
306.042 305.9043.00.0 

Alcoholic beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAF116
267.490 268.6221.40.4 

Housing(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH
264.060 260.0050.0-1.5 

Shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH1
314.310311.219308.8040.4-1.8-0.8

Rent of primary residence

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHA
361.766362.132363.5601.00.50.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHC
321.745322.476323.4881.30.50.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHC01
321.745322.476323.4881.30.50.3

Fuels and utilities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH2
217.004 214.808-5.5-1.0 

Household energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH21
189.194187.191186.136-6.6-1.6-0.6

Energy services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHF
202.385200.127199.366-6.7-1.5-0.4

Electricity

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHF01
189.160189.050186.652-8.4-1.3-1.3

Utility (piped) gas service

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEHF02
186.177166.963180.72011.6-2.98.2

Household furnishings and operations

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAH3
121.688 121.7971.20.1 

Apparel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAA
118.413 124.256-1.54.9 

Transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAT
203.246 202.211-0.6-0.5 

Private transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAT1
199.947 199.938-1.80.0 

New and used motor vehicles(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETA
95.766 96.300-0.50.6 

New vehicles(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETA01
192.810 194.261-0.80.8 

Used cars and trucks(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETA02
242.883 248.5172.12.3 

Motor fuel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETB
229.006237.695223.823-9.8-2.3-5.8

Gasoline (all types)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETB01
224.125232.738219.032-9.8-2.3-5.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESS47014
226.192235.347220.814-10.2-2.4-6.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESS47015
241.084246.533237.014-7.9-1.7-3.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESS47016
234.616240.330231.123-7.3-1.5-3.8

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESETE
853.642 853.6904.30.0 

Medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAM
440.777 474.1698.97.6 

Recreation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAR
126.399 129.9072.62.8 

Education and communication(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAE
146.497 149.1573.61.8 

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESEEB
1,203.697 1,232.0675.22.4 

Other goods and services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAG
420.855 425.5330.21.1 

Commodity and service group

Commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAC
182.526 183.272-0.80.4 

Commodities less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESACL11
145.818 146.882-1.70.7 

Nondurables less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESANL11
191.278 193.484-2.61.2 

Durables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAD
100.273 100.559-0.60.3 

Services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAS
329.202 329.8102.10.2 

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0L2
234.829 238.2581.51.5 

All items less medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0L5
247.658 246.6140.4-0.4 

Commodities less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESACL1
149.488 150.562-1.60.7 

Nondurables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESAN
224.508 225.555-0.90.5 

Nondurables less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESANL1
195.531 197.682-2.41.1 

Services less rent of shelter(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESASL2RS
357.331 366.6324.12.6 

Services less medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESASL5
318.357 315.9111.2-0.8 

Energy(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0E
213.241216.611209.044-8.3-2.0-3.5

All items less energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0LE
261.871 263.0081.90.4 

All items less food and energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS35ESA0L1E
261.642 263.0082.00.5 

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a March 1978=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, September 12, 2019