Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

19-431PHI
Tuesday, March 12, 2019

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:

Consumer Price Index, Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington – February 2019

Area prices up 0.8 percent since December; 1.5 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington increased 0.8 percent from December to February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Sheila Watkins noted that the recent two-month rise reflected a 0.9-percent increase in the all items less food and energy index. The energy index also increased since December, up 0.7 percent, while the food index was unchanged. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 1.5 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The over-the-year rise was led by an increase in the all items less food and energy index (2.0 percent); the food index also advanced (1.4 percent). Prices for energy decreased since February 2018, down 3.6 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index was unchanged over the last two months, with prices for both food at home and food away from home unchanged since December. Within the food at home component, higher prices for various items including snacks and citrus fruits were offset by lower prices for items including chicken and ice cream and related products.

Over the year, the food index increased 1.4 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 2.2 percent, and those for food at home were up 0.8 percent.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, increased 0.7 percent since December. Prices were higher over the last two months for electricity (3.4 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (2.1 percent), while those for gasoline declined 2.0 percent.

Over the year, the energy index declined 3.6 percent, due mostly to lower gasoline prices, down 11.0 percent. Prices were also lower for electricity (-0.1 percent), while they increased for utility (piped) gas service (8.4 percent) since February 2018.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.9 percent from December to February. Higher prices for shelter (0.9 percent) and medical care (1.4 percent) were moderated by lower prices for recreation (-0.6 percent).

Since February 2018, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.0 percent. Prices were higher for a number of items including shelter (2.7 percent), medical care (3.9 percent), and new and used motor vehicles (4.2 percent).

Table A. Philadelphia CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month20152016201720182019
2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month2-month12-month

February

-0.2-0.10.30.30.72.10.40.50.81.5

April

0.50.00.90.60.01.30.91.4

June

0.80.20.30.1-0.30.70.21.9

August

-0.5-0.3-0.20.40.51.40.31.7

October

-0.3-0.50.61.30.00.80.01.6

December

-0.6-0.2-0.11.7-0.10.8-0.71.0

The Consumer Price Index for April 2019 is scheduled to be released Friday, May 10, 2019 at 8:30 am (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index for Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington is published bi-monthly. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD, Core Based Statistical Area includes Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, and Philadelphia Counties in Pennsylvania; Burlington, Camden, Gloucester, and Salem Counties in New Jersey; New Castle County in Delaware; and Cecil County in Maryland.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure categoryIndexesPercent change from
Historical
data
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019
Feb.
2019
Feb.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2019

All items

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSA0
251.148 253.2181.50.8 

All items (1967 = 100)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BAA0
725.552 731.532   

Food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF
235.294 235.0431.0-0.1 

Food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF1
235.718 235.7491.40.0 

Food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF11
238.792240.516238.8460.80.0-0.7

Cereals and bakery products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF111
304.754 304.5843.1-0.1 

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF112
263.464 258.503-1.0-1.9 

Dairy and related products

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEFJ
197.729 195.266-1.5-1.2 

Fruits and vegetables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF113
277.402 279.0181.30.6 

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF114
157.801 158.9174.80.7 

Other food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF115
215.157 218.663-0.31.6 

Food away from home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEFV
225.953 225.9532.20.0 

Alcoholic beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAF116
226.670 222.365-4.1-1.9 

Housing

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAH
261.330 264.2752.91.1 

Shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAH1
325.729327.657328.7942.70.90.3

Rent of primary residence

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEHA
306.115305.866306.5062.50.10.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEHC
335.753336.170337.2232.60.40.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEHC01
335.753336.170337.2232.60.40.3

Fuels and utilities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAH2
207.420 212.2573.12.3 

Household energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAH21
170.747151.848175.6392.82.915.7

Energy services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEHF
179.151156.924184.3123.12.917.5

Electricity

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEHF01
175.825138.193181.789-0.13.431.5

Utility (piped) gas service

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEHF02
172.959175.672176.5668.42.10.5

Household furnishings and operations

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAH3
113.897 115.1934.51.1 

Apparel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAA
101.165 104.010-8.22.8 

Transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAT
206.030 207.249-1.80.6 

Private transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAT1
206.321 206.467-1.70.1 

New and used motor vehicles(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSETA
98.082 98.7344.20.7 

New vehicles(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSETA01
177.965 180.0182.71.2 

Used cars and trucks(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSETA02
253.475 256.5661.41.2 

Motor fuel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSETB
229.111220.362224.619-10.8-2.01.9

Gasoline (all types)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSETB01
225.441216.729220.864-11.0-2.01.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSS47014
221.855213.306217.573-11.3-1.92.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSS47015
232.831224.528227.762-9.2-2.21.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSS47016
232.905223.592226.463-9.3-2.81.3

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSETE
724.451 727.508-3.30.4 

Medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAM
531.533 539.0943.91.4 

Recreation(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAR
120.886 120.1232.2-0.6 

Education and communication(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAE
130.622 131.3330.90.5 

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSEEB
1,035.649 1,038.6070.90.3 

Other goods and services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAG
540.463 544.2591.20.7 

Commodity and service group

Commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAC
176.534 177.728-1.00.7 

Commodities less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSACL11
144.501 146.109-2.11.1 

Nondurables less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSANL11
184.464 185.860-4.70.8 

Durables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAD
100.821 102.4932.31.7 

Services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAS
326.566 329.4802.60.9 

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSA0L2
226.586 228.3080.80.8 

All items less medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSA0L5
239.310 241.1391.20.8 

Commodities less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSACL1
147.458 148.949-2.11.0 

Nondurables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSAN
210.792 211.515-2.10.3 

Nondurables less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSANL1
186.921 188.066-4.70.6 

Services less rent of shelter(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSASL2RS
334.813 337.5712.50.8 

Services less medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSASL5
311.432 314.0222.50.8 

Energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSA0E
191.642176.657192.989-3.60.79.2

All items less energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSA0LE
259.665 261.8331.90.8 

All items less food and energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUURS12BSA0L1E
266.360 268.8702.00.9 

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, March 12, 2019